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Zhang Jinmei J Department of ICU (PICU), West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Sichuan, - - 2014
Congenital tracheo-oesophageal fistula (TEF) is a life-threatening complication caused by communication between the oesophagus and the tracheobronchial tree within the neck or the thorax. TEF without oesophageal atresia is commonly known as 'H'-type TEF, and it is extremely rare in infants, accounting for ∼2-4% of all congenital tracheo-oesophageal malformations. Here, ...
Done Elisa E Departments of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven, - - 2014
Objective: To correlate prenatal indicators of pulmonary hypoplasia with neonatal lung function and pulmonary hypertension (PHT) in isolated congenital diaphragmatic hernia (iCDH). Materials and Methods: Prospective single-center study on 40 fetuses with iCDH either expectantly managed (n = 13) or undergoing tracheal occlusion (n = 27). Prenatal predictors included observed/expected ...
Ittrich H H Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Department and Clinic, Center for Radiology and Endoscopy, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, - - 2014
Hemoptysis can be a life-threatening pulmonary emergency with high mortality, is symptomatic of an underlying severe pulmonary disease and requires immediate diagnosis and treatment. Diagnostically, bronchoscopy, conventional chest x-ray and contrast-enhanced multislice computed tomography (MSCT) with CT angiography (CTA) provide information regarding the underlying pulmonary disease, bleeding site, the vascular ...
Picel Andrew C AC 1 Department of Radiology, University of California San Diego, 200 W Arbor Dr, San Diego, CA - - 2014
OBJECTIVE. Lifelong postprocedural imaging surveillance is necessary after endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) to assess for complications of endograft placement, as well as device failure and continued aneurysm growth. Refinement of the surveillance CT technique and development of ultrasound and MRI protocols are important to limit radiation exposure. CONCLUSION. ...
Kara H Volkan HV Department of Surgery, Division of Thoracic Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pulmonary histoplasmosis is generally a self-limited respiratory illness in endemic areas. Fibrosing mediastinitis is a severe chronic complication of pulmonary histoplasmosis in which pulmonary vessels and airways can be compressed with the potential for life-threatening implications. We present a 50-year-old male patient who presented with a total occlusion of the ...
Zhang Kun K Kun Zhang, Yi Jiang, Li-Zhi Lv, Qiu-Cheng Cai, Fang Yang, Huan-Zhang Hu, Xiao-Jin Zhang, Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery, Fu Zhou General Hospital, Nan Jing Military Command, Fuzhou 350025, Fujian Province, - - 2014
Liver transplantations were performed on two patients with hepatic failure caused by liver cirrhosis. Hard obsolete thrombi and portal venous sclerosis were observed in the major portal veins of both patients. The arteria colica media of one recipient and the portal vein of the donor were anastomosed end-to-end. The hepatic ...
Bharmanee Apinya A The Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics,Division of Pediatric Cardiology,Children's Hospital of Michigan,Detroit,Michigan,United States of - - 2014
Limb ischaemia is a rare but catastrophic complication related to cardiac catheterisation. We report an infant weighing 3 kg with unrepaired tricuspid atresia type 1b, small patent ductus arteriosus, and ventricular septal defect presenting with cardiogenic shock owing to progressively reduced pulmonary blood flow from closing ventricular septal defect and ...
Fettah Nurdan Dinlen ND Department of Neonatology, Dr. Sami Ulus Maternity and Children Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2014
Postero-lateral congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) is a life threatening anomaly characterized by diaphragmatic defect and intrathoracic herniation of abdominal viscera. In patients with CDH, the lungs are hypoplastic and persistent pulmonary hypertension develops in most cases. Although, inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) results in a reduction in pulmonary hypertension with improvement ...
Minami Tomoyuki T Yokohama Municipal Citizen's Hospital, Cardiovascular Center, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama, Kanagawa, - - 2014
Coronary subclavian steal syndrome associated with upper extremity arteriovenous fistula is an uncommon but potentially life-threatening condition. We present a case of a 65-year-old male on hemodialysis with a left upper extremity arteriovenous fistula who underwent coronary revascularization involving bypass with the left internal thoracic artery to the left anterior ...
Copelan Alexander A Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine, Royal Oak, - - 2014
Ureteroarterial fistula is a rare, potentially life-threatening cause of hematuria characterized by an abnormal channel between a ureter and artery. The rarity of this condition, complexity of predisposing risk factors and intermittence of symptoms may delay or obscure its diagnosis. With a high index of suspicion and careful angiographic evaluation, ...
Leetmaa Tina H TH Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Skejby, - - 2014
The present case shows that a normal brachial blood pressure (BP) does not exclude severe coarctation and should be considered in normotensive patients presenting with a systolic murmur and/or unexplained severe left ventricular hypertrophy. Congenital coarctation of the aorta is a narrowing of the descending aorta, usually located distal to ...
Ohnishi Hiroshi H Department of Hematology and Respiratory Medicine, Kochi Medical School, Kochi University, - - 2014
We herein report an extremely rare adult case presenting with life-threatening pulmonary lymphedema secondary to generalized lymphedema. A 47-year-old woman with generalized lymphedema from her feet to below her chest, had undergone surgical ligation of the thoracic duct and bilateral pleurodesis for the treatment of intractable idiopathic chylothorax three years ...
Placci Angelo A http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7133-6439 Cardiology Department, Santa Maria delle Croci Hospital, Ravenna, - - 2014
We describe the case of an 83-year-old asymptomatic man followed in our centre. Transoesophageal echocardiography disclosed congenitally corrected transposition of great arteries (CCTGA) with no associated anomalies and only mild aortic regurgitation. Cardiac MR confirmed the diagnosis and revealed preserved systemic ventricle systolic function with a normal perfusional pathway. This ...
Kaleda Vasily I VI Department of Adult Cardiac Surgery, Ochapowski Regional Hospital #1, Chest Surgery Center, 140, Rossiyskaya Street, Krasnodar 350086, - - 2014
Avulsion of a graft after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery is a rare but very serious complication which leads to massive bleeding and possible life-threatening cardiac tamponade. In this paper we report a very rare case of a left internal mammary artery graft avulsion on the day of surgery in ...
Syed Shareef M SM Department of General Surgery, Central Michigan University, Saginaw, MI, - - 2014
Upper gastrointestinal (UGI) bleeding secondary to a ruptured splenic artery (SA) pseudoaneurysm into the stomach is a rare but a life-threatening condition. Owing to the low prevalence, it remains a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. A frail 77-year-old Caucasian female presented with epigastric pain and hematemesis. Endoscopy was non-diagnostic for an ...
Kaya Hasan - - 2012
The aim of this study is to investigate the association between neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and severity of coronary atherosclerosis. A total of 172 patients undergoing coronary angiography were included in the study. Control group consisted of patients with normal coronary arteries. Patients with coronary stenosis were divided into ...
Tanaka Ken-Ichiro - - 2012
Backgrounds:Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) involves lung injury induced by reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as superoxide anion, and fibrosis. Superoxide dismutase (SOD) catalyses the dismutation of superoxide anion to hydrogen peroxide. We recently reported that inhalation of lecithinized SOD (PC-SOD) ameliorated bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. We here studied effects of PC-SOD ...
Hung Chi Sheng - - 2011
Background  The association between hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels and subclinical atherosclerosis in carotid arteries in Chinese populations is unknown. Aim, design and methods  The objective of this study was to investigate this relationship and evaluate the ability of HbA1c levels to predict carotid atherosclerosis in a Chinese population. This was ...
Pavlidis Antonios N - - 2011
Little information exists regarding the prevalence of aberrant or ectopic aortic arch vessels in patients with different cardiovascular anomalies. We present a young patient with an aberrant right subclavian artery associated with an ectopic left vertebral artery and a bicuspid aortic valve.
Stone William M - - 2011
Aberrant origin of right subclavian arteries represents the most common of the aortic arch anomalies. This variant has few published series to guide management. Our goal was to review treatment options and results for these potentially complex reconstructions. A retrospective review was performed on all patients with a diagnosis of ...
Gul Ahmet - - 2011
PURPOSE: To determine the frequency of aberrant right subclavian artery among the low-risk fetuses and to evaluate its association with chromosomal abnormalities and the other congenital heart diseases. METHODS: A total of 4,125 consecutive fetuses were examined for the presence of aberrant right subclavian artery that arises from the descending ...
Situma Martin - - 2011
An unusual complication following colonic interposition for oesophageal atresia is described, where a fistula between an aberrant right subclavian artery and the colon graft caused severe haemorrhage. As in cases of aorto-oesophageal fistulae from foreign body ingestion, we experienced a 'herald'-bleed before a second near-fatal event. In such cases, the ...
Vedelago John - - 2011
A persistent sciatic artery is a rare developmental anomaly which may predispose to a range of vascular complications. We report a 60-year-old woman presenting with right lower limb ischemia. Computed tomography angiography revealed an aneurysmal right-sided sciatic artery occluded by thrombus. An aberrant right subclavian artery and anomalous common carotid ...
Hügli R W - - 2011
We report the case of a 28-year old woman with an unusual presentation of peripheral arterial occlusive disease clinically characterized by intermittent claudication and bilateral, focal stenoses of the iliac arteries without signs of atherosclerosis in other vascular beds. The successful percutaneous intervention is described in detail and pathogenetic aspects ...
Kang Min H - - 2011
This study documents the morphometric features of arterial and venous endothelia in the different laminar regions of the normal human optic nerve head and speculates on the hemodynamic characteristics of the central retinal artery (CRA) and central retinal vein (CRV). Twenty normal human eyes were used. Microcannulation techniques were used ...
Chaudhuri A - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: Aberrant renovascular anatomy due to a horseshoe kidney becomes challenging during endovascular aneurysm repair. REPORT: A 65-year-old man presented with a horseshoe kidney overlying a 6.1 cm abdominal aortic aneurysm, with the inferior vena cava anterior to both aneurysm and kidney. The left renal artery shared a common origin with ...
Fu Songling - - 2011
Anomalous origin of the pulmonary artery (AOPA) from the aorta is a rare congenital heart malformation. This report describes a case of AOPA from the abdominal aorta in association with an aberrant right subclavian artery and a patent ductus arteriosus, which never has been reported previously in the literature.
Kaidoh Toshiyuki - - 2011
We herein report a case showing the simultaneous occurrence of an aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) and accessory lobe of the liver in a 75-year-old female cadaver. In the thorax, the left aortic arch branched into the right common carotid artery, left common carotid artery, left subclavian artery, and ARSA, ...
Ageno W - - 2011
See also Rehak M, Wiedemann P. Retinal vein thrombosis: pathogenesis and management. J Thromb Haemost 2010; 8: 1886-94; Rehak M, Wiedemann P. Retinal vein thrombosis: pathogenesis and management: reply to a rebuttal. This issue, pp 419-20.
Requarth Jay A - - 2011
: Similar to all pelvic arteries, the aberrant obturator artery (AOA) and its branches are at risk for injury when the pelvic ring is fractured; however, because of its unique origin, bleeding from this artery may be unrecognized and, thus, treatment ineffective. The purpose of this study was to describe ...
Thorpe Steven W - - 2011
An aberrant right subclavian artery is a rare congenital abnormality of the aortic arch. The anomalous origin for the right subclavian artery arises as the last branch of the thoracic aorta. In the most common anomalous form, the right subclavian artery passes posterior to both the esophagus and trachea as ...
Banerji Dahlia D Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, 165 Cambridge Street, Suite 400, Boston, MA 02114, - - 2011
We report the case of a 6 year old girl with Turner syndrome and aberrant right subclavian artery with an incidental finding of PAPVR on contrast-enhanced, high-pitch, 128-slice, electrocardiographic-gated dual source CT. There is value of using high-pitch DSCT in pediatric patients for diagnostic images with minimal radiation exposure.
El Gharbawy Ramadan M - - 2011
The term "aberrant bile ducts" has been used to designate three heterogeneous groups of biliary structures: (1) bile ducts degenerating or disappearing (unknown etiology, diverse locations); (2) curious biliary structures in the transverse fissure; and (3) aberrant right bile ducts draining directly into the common hepatic duct. We report our ...
Brauner Eran - - 2011
Aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) is asymptomatic in most cases. This variant anatomy can cause dysphagia in elderly patients. Impaction of foreign body in the esophagus is rarely the presenting symptom of ARSA. We present an eighty four years old patient who first presented with esophageal foreign body impaction and ...
Gomez Jorge E - - 2011
´╗┐Two children were sent to the catheterization laboratory for transcatheter closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA). During the intervention, cineangiogram revealed associated aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA). Both patients had left-sided aortic arch. The first patient was sent to surgery after one unsuccessful attempt to close the PDA due to ...
Picel Andrew C - - 2011
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is often associated with reduced pharyngeal muscle tone and an anatomically narrowed pharyngeal airspace. We describe 2 cases of aberrant internal carotid arteries that were diagnosed during evaluations of patients with suspected OSA. It is possible that these anatomic anomalies contributed to airspace narrowing in these ...
Strauss Alexander - - 2011
Congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) are not commonly recognized since they generally do not cause symptoms. Preoperative cross-sectional imaging can identify anomalies of vascular structures that are highly relevant to the pelvic surgeon. The clinical impact of congenital vascular variations of IVC, especially on paraaortic lymphadenectomy, is ...
Kang M - - 2011
/st> Infraclavicular approach of the subclavian veins is commonly used for central venous access. However, aberrant catheter tip locations are frequently quoted for this approach. It was hypothesized that with the shoulder pulled downwards, the angle between the internal jugular and subclavian veins may increase, directing subclavian catheters into the ...
Nakagiri Tomoyuki - - 2010
A 64-year-old man with a history of repeated pneumonia underwent left lower lobectomy with a diagnosis of a systemic arterial supply to the basal segment of the left pulmonary lobe. Three months after the operation, follow-up computed tomography revealed a large cecum of the stump of the feeding artery. We ...
Nair Kannan R - - 2010
Left subclavian artery aneurysm with an aneurysm of the aberrant right subclavian artery is a rare condition with a reported incidence of 0.13% to 1%. We report the successful surgical correction of both conditions in a 34-year-old man.
Rusu M C - - 2010
A rare morphology of an aberrant innominate artery (IA) is reported here, together with additional arterial variation encountered in the respective specimen. The IA originated in the aortic arch on the left side of the trachea, coursed on that side of the trachea to reach the left thyroid lobe, turned ...
Kotliar Konstantin E - - 2011
Background/aims Measurement of pulse wave velocity (PWV) in large vessels has been used extensively in clinical practice as an indirect measure of arterial stiffness and an indicator of cardiovascular risk factors. Arterial stiffness increases with age and in coronary artery disease. An in vivo clinical method to characterise arterial stiffness ...
Stimec Bojan V - - 2011
An atypical case of abdominal vasculature, found in a 58-year-old woman is presented. The multidetector computed tomography angiogram revealed a large tortuous anastomotic vessel between the stem of the celiac trunk and the left colic artery, supplying branches for the left colon and pancreatic body and tail. We propose a ...
Park Young Seop - - 2010
We present a case of posterior atlantoaxial screw-rod fixation in a patient with an aberrant vertebral artery (VA) course combined with bilateral high-riding VA. An aberrant VA which courses below the posterior arch of the atlas (C1) that does not pass through the C1 transverse foramen and without an osseous ...
Sutcliffe Robert P - - 2010
Our aim was to report a single centre experience of using a recipient's aberrant right hepatic artery (RHA) from the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) to establish inflow into liver allografts. All patients who had arterial reconstruction with an aberrant RHA were identified from a prospective database (1989-2004). Indications and outcomes ...
Pielen A - - 2010
Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is an ophthalmological emergency situation. Known risk factors are arterial hypertension, cardial arrhythmia, arteriosclerosis, hypercholesterolemia and diabetes. Elderly patients should be examined for an arteritic genesis. Young patients (< 45 years) without typical risk factors may suffer from thrombophilia. There is no uniform recommendation on ...
Hwang Gyo Jun - - 2010
A 65-year-old woman who had undergone internal carotid artery stenting and was being maintained on antiplatelet therapy developed features suggesting ipsilateral reduced retinal artery perfusion. Injection of urokinase into the ophthalmic artery provided temporary improvement. When manifestations of retinal arterial ischemia recurred, angiography revealed worsening stenosis at the origin of ...
Ramezani Alireza - - 2010
A 23-year-old male patient with right nasal Juvenile Nasopharyngeal Angiofibroma (JNA) developed Central Retinal Artery Occlusion (CRAO) during embolization of the tumor using polyvinyl alcohol particles before endoscopic excision. Classic CRAO management was initiated by an ophthalmologist after 12 h. Retrospective evaluation of the angiograms revealed a tiny communication between ...
Rishi Pukhraj - - 2010
Amongst the clinical presentations of retinal artery occlusion, hemi-central retinal artery occlusion (Hemi-CRAO) is rarely described. This case series of four adults aged between 22 and 36 years attempts to describe the clinical profile, etiology and management of Hemi-CRAO. Case 1 had an artificial mitral valve implant. Polycythemia and malignant ...
Longmuir Susannah Q - - 2010
BACKGROUND: Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) is an autosomal-dominant disease beginning with facial and shoulder girdle weakness with variable progression. Exudative retinal detachment, retinal vessel irregularities on fluorescein angiography, and retinal vessel tortuosity have been found in association with FSHD. METHODS: In this retrospective study, muscle affectedness severity was rated as ...
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