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Results 351 - 400 of 1070
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Beiran I - - 2001
PURPOSE: To report a case of probable non-uniting double retinal arterial circulation. METHODS: Case report. A 66-year-old man suffered central retinal artery occlusion. RESULTS: The medical findings and angiographic workup supported the existence of double central retinal circulation not uniting before entering the globe and independently branching in the retina. ...
Ohshima A - - 2001
PURPOSE: We recorded multifocal electroretinograms (M-ERG) in patients with branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) and compared the waveforms in the area of retinal artery occlusion with those in the normal area, to evaluate the influence of the damage to the inner retina shown by M-ERG responses. METHODS: Three patients who ...
Babikian V - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: To identify the most likely mechanisms of retinal ischemia and embolism in a hospital-referred population, and to determine the frequency of recurrent vascular events during the 3-month period following initial presentation. METHODS: Consecutive patients presenting to 2 tertiary medical centers and their outpatient clinics were prospectively enrolled over a ...
Jamous M - - 2001
A 57-year-old man developed visual loss following craniofacial surgery for an inflammatory ethmoidal sinus mass. Surgery was preceded by endovascular occlusion of the ophthalmic artery distal to central retinal artery (CRA). Routine angiography obtained immediately after endovascular ophthalmic artery occlusion showed patency of the CRA. He complained of visual loss ...
Haritoglou C - - 2001
PURPOSE: To report an unusual case of central retinal artery occlusion in a 41-year-old woman. DESIGN: Interventional case report. METHODS: A 41-year-old woman presented with sudden and painless decrease of visual acuity of the left eye. Indirect ophthalmoscopy revealed the typical fundus findings of a central retinal artery occlusion. The ...
Kramer M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in detecting cardiac and thoracic aortic sources of retinal emboli. DESIGN: Retrospective observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: The study population consisted of 18 patients who were initially seen with retinal artery occlusion (7 central, 11 branch) and underwent TEE as part of ...
Stahlfeld K R - - 2001
Vessel loops are invaluable in vascular surgery. Unfortunately, they frequently slide toward the ends of the arteriotomy, making precise stitch placement difficult. By bringing the vessel loops out separate stab wounds, we improve visualization at the heel and toe of the anastomosis while preserving arterial elevation and hemostasis.
Larsson J - - 2001
AIMS: To investigate the predictive value of the cone b-wave implicit time in the photopic compared with the scotopic 30 Hz flicker ERG for rubeosis in central retinal vein occlusion. METHODS: 44 patients with a central retinal vein occlusion were examined with full field electroretinogram (ERG). RESULTS: The average implicit ...
Yüksel N - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate orbital blood flow velocities by using color Doppler imaging in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome and pseudoexfoliation glaucoma. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative case series. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (n = 14) or pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (n = 14) and 14 healthy control participants were included. INTERVENTION: Color Doppler ...
Duparc F - - 2001
The arterial blood supply of the proximal humeral epiphysis is known to derive mainly from the anterior humeral circumflex a. (ACA), but this description may minimize the role of the posterior circumflex humeral a. (PCA). The studies of Laing [9] and Gerber [3] emphasized the role of the ACA and ...
Gibo H - - 2001
The 50 premamillary arteries (PremA), arising from 39 posterior communicating arteries (PCoA), were examined in injected human brains. The PremA, which commonly was single (71.8%) and less frequently double (28.2%), more often arose from the PCoA (97.4% ) than from the posterior cerebralartery (PCA) (2.6%). The PremA ranged between 280 ...
Lopez-Sanchez E - - 2001
PURPOSE: We describe a central retinal artery occlusion in a young man who was subsequently found to have an aortic valve papillary fibroelastoma. METHODS: Case report with clinical, echocardiographic, and histopathologic observations. RESULTS: The aortic valve papillary fibroelastoma was successfully treated with tumor resection. CONCLUSION: Appropriate investigations in young patients ...
Pislaru C - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: We propose a new method to easily quantify asynchronous wall motion due to postsystolic shortening (PSS). We also studied the relationship of the spatial and temporal extent of PSS to the extent of myocardium at ischemic risk after variable duration of ischemia. BACKGROUND: Postsystolic shortening is a sensitive marker ...
Brabrand K - - 2001
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic usefulness of an ultrasound contrast agent in examination of the retrobulbar arteries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ten healthy volunteers received a galactose-based echo-contrast medium (Levovist) by i.v. infusion. The ophthalmic, central retinal, the nasal and the temporal posterior ciliary arteries and the short ciliary arteries were ...
Hayreh S S - - 2001
PURPOSE: To investigate systemic diseases associated with various types of retinal vein occlusion. METHODS: We investigated prospectively in 1090 consecutive patients with retinal vein occlusion, almost all Caucasian (consistent with the racial pattern here), the prevalence of associated systemic disorders before or at the onset of various types of retinal ...
Masaoka N - - 2001
PURPOSE: To assess hemodynamic changes in two patients with severely affected retinal circulation. METHODS: A 62-year-old man with central retinal artery occlusion and a 46-year-old woman with branch retinal vein occlusion were studied by fluorescein angiography with a scanning laser ophthalmoscope (SLO). Fluorescein angiography with SLO revealed hypofluorescent clumps of ...
Kapran Z - - 2001
PURPOSE: Although significant decrease in retinal perfusion is usually not observed before all of the cervical arteries became markedly narrowed in patients with Takayasu's disease (TD), we present bilateral glaucomatous optic neuropathy in a patient with TD without any cervical arterial stenosis. METHODS: Ophthalmoscopic examination disclosed glaucomatous optic neuropathy in ...
Honigman B - - 2001
High altitude retinal hemorrhages are commonly seen at altitudes above 4270 m. While these hemorrhages are generally asymptomatic, macular involvement may result in permanent visual acuity deficit. We present the case of a 29-year-old male recreational skier who traveled to a ski resort at 2930 m, ascended to 3470 m, ...
Kalisa P - - 2001
PURPOSE: To report 3 new cases suggestive of SICRET syndrome. METHODS: Case reports. Three patients underwent clinical, laboratory and neuroradiological examination for recurrent retinal branch artery occlusions, encephalopathy and/or hearing loss. RESULTS: In all 3 patients the laboratory tests were unremarkable for infectious or systemic disease. All 3 cases showed ...
Nagaki Y - - 2001
PURPOSE: To report branch retinal vein occlusion and retinal hemorrhages associated with tsutsugamushi disease. METHODS: Case report of a 60-year-old woman who complained of fever, chills, headache, lymphadenopathy, and blurred vision in the right eye following an insect bite to the lower right forehead. RESULTS: Serological findings showed elevated titers ...
Eida H - - 2001
No previous attempt has been made so to demonstrate the details of the choroid vascularization in the rat. This paper describes the choroidal vascular pattern of the normal Wistar Kyoto rat using the corrosion cast method. 6-month-old normal Wistar Kyoto rats were used. Vascular casts prepared by our previously described ...
Rodger J - - 2001
The end-artery retinal vasculature of a marsupial, the fat-tailed dunnart, was defined by India ink injection and studied in wholemounts. In the adult, the vitreal vasculature supplying the ganglion-cell layer has major paired-vessels in a horizontal H shape. These vessels skirt the area centralis and visual streak that are supplied ...
Fine LC - - 2000
PURPOSE: To describe a case of spontaneous central retinal artery occlusion in a young man with hemoglobin sickle cell disease.METHOD: Case report.RESULTS: A 31-year-old African-American man with a history of hemoglobin SC (sickle C) disease developed sudden painless loss of vision in the right eye. Medical history was remarkable for ...
Recchia F M - - 2000
Occlusions of the retinal arterial and venous circulations are common causes of severe visual decline and can affect all age groups. Acute retinal arterial obstruction is often associated with critical cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease that may require systemic treatment. Retinal venous obstruction may be the presentation of significant systemic hypertension, ...
Paques M - - 2000
AIM: To study the effect of superselective ophthalmic artery fibrinolysis as a treatment for central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). METHODS: Retrospective, university based single centre study. The charts of 26 eyes of 26 patients treated were reviewed. Among the 26 patients, there were nine cases of combined artery and vein ...
Maaranen T H - - 2000
The purpose of this article is to describe a 75-year-old patient with an acute central retinal artery occlusion after a local anesthetic with adrenaline on nasal mucosa. The local anesthetic was used in removing Jackson tubes from the left lacrimal canal. Occlusion of the central retinal artery related to nasal ...
Lafaut B A - - 2000
AIMS: To analyse the histopathology of "deep retinal vascular anomalous complex" or "chorioretinal anastomosis". METHODS: Six patients with a deep retinal vascular anomalous complex (age range 66-88 years) had fundus photography and fluorescein angiography not more than 14 days before foveal translocation surgery. Four patients were also documented with indocyanine ...
Wong D M - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Retinal artery occlusions typically result in sudden, unilateral painless loss of vision and may have varying presentations. They are associated with systemic diseases such as atherosclerosis, hypertension, and valvular heart disease. Additional risk factors include diabetes mellitus, cigarette smoking, giant-cell arteritis, and hyperlipidemia. They most often occur in persons ...
Beatty S - - 2000
PURPOSE: To describe a congenital retinal venous macrovessel that communicates with a cilioretinal artery and a retinal artery, and to report how this vascular anomaly decompensated as a result of repetitive rollercoaster rides. METHODS: Case report with serial fundus photography and fluorescein angiography. RESULTS: After a short period of intensive ...
Aslan K - - 2000
In the present study, arterial vascularization of the uropygial glands (Gl. uropygialis) of 10 adult geese (Anser anser) and 10 adult ducks (Anas platyrhynches) were studied. Takilon was injected into the median coccygeal arteries of six specimens from each species, and Latex (a natural rubber with ammonia) into those of ...
Kakou M - - 2000
OBJECT: The pericallosal arterial complex supplies the callosal and pericallosal regions, as well as the anterior two thirds of the medial and superomedial aspects of both hemispheres. It is composed of the pericallosal artery (that is, the segment of the anterior cerebral artery located distal to the anterior communicating artery ...
Yoshinami M - - 2000
Purpose: The methods of diagnosing neovascular glaucoma were evaluated in a case with carotid artery occlusive disease. A trabeculectomy specimen taken from this patient was examined histologically to find the characteristic picture of this slowly progressive neovascular glaucoma.Materials and Methods: The left eye of a 48-year old man with neovascular ...
Beatty S - - 2000
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is usually a blinding event, and is not an infrequent presentation to the accident and emergency (A&E) department. The evidence-base in support of current treatment options is weak. METHODS: This paper reviewed the literature germane to the diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic aspects of retinal ...
Martin S C - - 2000
PURPOSE: Hyperhomocysteinaemia has been linked to macrovascular disease. Our aim was to investigate whether there is a relationship between fasting plasma total homocysteine levels and retinal vascular disease. METHODS: We measured the homocysteine levels in 70 patients with arterial or venous retinal vessel occlusion and compared them with the levels ...
Müller E - - 2000
BACKGROUND: The Wada test induces short-term anesthesia of one hemisphere by injection of sodium amytal into an internal carotid artery. It is an important presurgical diagnostic tool in epileptic patients. PATIENT: A 22-year-old man with idiopathic epilepsy noticed a shadow in the central visual field of his right eye immediately ...
Daugeliene L - - 2000
PURPOSE: To establish a clinically relevant model of transient retinal ischemia by thrombotic occlusion-thrombolytic reperfusion of the central retinal artery of the rat. METHODS: Thrombus was photochemically induced in the central retinal artery by the combination of intravenous injection of photo-sensitive dye, rose bengal, and green laser irradiation focused on ...
Lee S Y - - 2000
Retinal arterial circulation obstruction has serious implications. It may result in acute visual loss, but more significantly, it implies that the patient's systemic health needs further review and investigations in order to prevent severe and life-threatening consequences such as myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular accidents. We report a case of a ...
Beatty S - - 2000
BACKGROUND/AIM: Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is typically associated with a poor visual outcome. Several favourable reports of local intra-arterial fibrinolysis (LIF), which involves the superselective administration of a thrombolytic agent directly into the ophthalmic artery, have appeared in the recent literature. The aim of this study was to critically ...
Abu el-Asrar A M - - 2000
PURPOSE: To report the unusual association between non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) and non-ischaemic central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) in two patients. METHODS: Case reports are presented. RESULTS: Non-ischaemic CRVO was manifested by dilated, tortuous retinal veins with flame-shape retinal haemorrhages. Fluorescein angiography showed prolonged arteriovenous transit time and ...
Stefanov M - - 2000
The vascular bed of canine prostate was studied and detailed distinct vascular zones were visualized on corrosion casts by scanning electron microscopy. This study was performed because of scarce information about the zonal vascularization of the prostate gland in dogs. There are no studies for three-dimensional microvascular distribution of the ...
Yoshida K - - 2000
Vasculature was examined immunohistochemically in the villous stroma in 22 cases of complete hydatidiform mole (CHM). Only antibody CD-34 was able to detect the vasculature. Serial thin and thick sections and squashed preparations of molar villi were stained by CD-34, and sequential photographs of the vasculature were taken and projected ...
Hayreh S S - - 2000
PURPOSE: To evaluate the retinal tolerance time to acute ischemic insult in middle-aged or elderly rhesus monkeys with pre-existing atherosclerosis and arterial hypertension. METHODS: In 39 eyes of 39 middle-aged and elderly rhesus monkeys with a mean age of 19.5 +/- 2. 8 years, occlusion of the central retinal artery ...
Niwa Y - - 2000
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between the effect of carbon dioxide (CO2) inhalation or oral nilvadipine, a calcium-channel blocker, on orbital blood flow in patients with normal-tension glaucoma, as determined by color Doppler imaging. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixteen patients with normal-tension glaucoma (mean age, 55.6+/-9.8 years; male:female ratio, 3:13) underwent ...
McCabe C M - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To report visual acuity outcomes of nonsurgical management of macular hemorrhage secondary to retinal artery macroaneurysms. METHODS: Forty-one patients at multiple centers with macular hemorrhage secondary to retinal artery macroaneurysms managed with observation alone were reviewed. Time to clearance of macular hemorrhage, visual acuity at final follow-up, and presence ...
Larsson J - - 2000
PURPOSE: To report an association between central retinal artery occlusion and homozygosity for factor V Leiden. METHOD: Case report. RESULTS: A 48-year-old woman with sudden loss of visual acuity in her right eye caused by a central retinal artery occlusion showed abnormal resistance to activated protein C and was homozygous ...
Munroe G - - 2000
Over 80 per cent of 169 neonatal thoroughbred foals had some part of the hyaloid artery present bilaterally and its degree of completeness, colour and character was statistically symmetrical. The complete artery was present in over 60 per cent of the foals. The incidence of the hyaloid artery and its ...
Okamoto N - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Formation of collateral pathways by veins on the optic nerve head is sometimes observed during the resolution of a central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). However, no cases have been reported in which the formation and involution of these collateral pathways were documented during the resolution of a CRVO. CASE: ...
Fine L C - - 2000
PURPOSE: To describe a case of spontaneous central retinal artery occlusion in a young man with hemoglobin sickle cell disease. METHOD: Case report. RESULTS: A 31-year-old African-American man with a history of hemoglobin sickle cell disease developed sudden painless loss of vision in the right eye. Medical history was remarkable ...
Fujita H - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Little is known about retinal vascular lesions underlying hemorrhage in the acute phase of branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). CASE: A 64-year-old woman presented with a decrease in visual acuity of ten-day duration in her left eye. OBSERVATIONS: At the initial examination, her left fundus showed the typical appearance ...
Wen F - - 2000
PURPOSE: To report a case of branch retinal artery occlusion after thyroid artery interventional embolization. METHODS: A 33-year-old man with hyperthyroidism complained of visual loss and scotoma in the left eye after thyroid artery interventional embolization. He underwent a full ophthalmologic examination, including fluorescein angiography. RESULTS: Visual acuity was 20/25, ...
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