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Türkçüoğlu Peykan - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe a central retinal artery occlusion in a patient with antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) negative Churg-Strauss syndrome. METHODS: Review of clinical and laboratory findings of a 44-year-old woman with ANCA negative Churg-Strauss syndrome that developed sudden vision loss in left eye. RESULTS: Left central retinal artery occlusion was ...
Samkoe Kimberley S - - 2007
Complete blood vessel occlusion is required for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). AMD is the leading cause of blindness in developed countries and current treatment regimes have potential to cause collateral damage, or do not remove pre-existing unwanted vasculature. It has been proposed that two-photon excitation (TPE) photodynamic ...
Roberti Fabio - - 2007
The pterygopalatine fossa (PPF) is a small anatomic region of particular interest in cranial base surgery. Infectious diseases and malignancy may spread through the PPF to contiguous areas as a result of the low resistance offered by the numerous foramina and fissures that surrounds the fossa. We present an anatomic ...
Wakaiki Shinsuke - - 2007
In dogs, a variety of diseases of the retina and choroid have been reported, either separately or concomitantly; however, the canine choroid is difficult to evaluate by veterinary techniques currently available. Indocyanine green (ICG) angiography is widely used in human ophthalmology, but has not been investigated for use in canine ...
Ergun Kumral - - 2007
Cardiac papillary fibroelastoma (CPF) is a rare cardiac neoplasm predominantly affecting the cardiac valves. Although it is most commonly an incidental finding, it can result in life-threatening complications, such as coronary and cerebral embolism, acute valvular dysfunction, and sudden death. In this report, we describe a case of a patient ...
Liberato Bernardo - - 2007
In addition to the well-defined neurologic events due to arterial and venous thrombotic vascular occlusions of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), a broad spectrum of neuropsychiatric has been related to antiphospholipid (aPL). Experimental evidence of a pathogenic role of aPL in mice with impaired neurological function disclosed inflammatory reaction as a hallmark. ...
Michelson Georg - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Measurement of the retinal vessel wall thickness may contribute to the diagnosis of microvascular diseases. We present a methodical approach to calculate these alterations and to determine age-related differences. METHODS: One hundred fifty-three subjects without eye or internal diseases (mean age +/- SD, 47.6 +/- 14.9 years) underwent measurement ...
Amick Amy - - 2007
Transient monocular visual loss may be caused by a variety of ophthalmic and systemic conditions. Management depends on identifying the cause. Embolic occlusions of arteries supplying the eye are a most important cause. Such emboli often arise from the heart, aorta, and internal carotid arteries. The most common embolic substances ...
Chao A-Ching - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was to evaluate the retrobulbar hemodynamics in patients who have transient monocular blindness (TMB) without carotid stenosis. METHODS: Fifty-nine patients who have TMB without carotid stenosis were studied along with 59 age- and sex-matched controls. Color Doppler-imaging was used to study the retrobulbar hemodynamic by ...
Vyas Sandhya M - - 2007
Perfluorooctanesulfonyl (PFOS)-based materials and related compounds are an emerging group of environmental pollutants. Perfluorooctanesulfonyl fluoride, the key intermediate for the production of these materials, was manufactured by an electrochemical fluorination process that resulted in complex mixtures containing linear and branched PFOS derivatives and other perfluorinated compounds. This study uses 19F-NMR ...
Khan Jaheed - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aetiology of occlusion is thought to differ for branch retinal vein and central retinal vein types. This communication reports on an unusual presentation of two retinal vein occlusions in one eye of a patient with optic disc tortuosity where the occlusion was thought to occur at a site ...
Iwaniuk Andrew N - - 2007
Hummingbirds possess an array of morphological and physiological specializations that allow them hover such that they maintain a stable position in space for extended periods. Among birds, this sustained hovering is unique to hummingbirds, but possible neural specializations underlying this behavior have not been investigated. The optokinetic response (OKR) is ...
Hernaez-Ortega Maria C - - 2007
Obtaining a lower intraocular pressure (IOP) before an intravitreal injection is important to avoid the danger of an immediate increase in IOP. This article describes the use of the Honan balloon to reduce the IOP before an intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide injection instead of the other procedures described in the literature, ...
Palmowski-Wolfe Anja M - - 2007
PURPOSE: It was the aim of this study to evaluate antiphospholipid antibodies (APA), i.e. lupus anticoagulants (LA) and anticardiolipin (ACA) IgG and IgM, in ophthalmic occlusive disease. METHODS: Over a 3.5-year period, APA were evaluated in 368 patients. RESULTS: Eighty-six patients (23.4%), compared to 5% in the general population, tested ...
Perrini Paolo - - 2007
OBJECT: The authors studied the microsurgical anatomy of the ophthalmic artery (OphA), paying particular attention to its possibly dangerous anastomoses with the middle meningeal artery (MMA). METHODS: The microsurgical anatomy of the OphA and its anastomoses with the MMA were studied in 14 vessels from seven adult cadaveric heads. The ...
Yap Yew Chong - - 2007
We present a case of protein S deficiency causing central retinal vein occlusion treated with anticoagulation, which includes heparin followed by oral warfarin therapy. This article highlights the importance of looking for other possible causes of central retinal vein occlusion, especially in younger patients with negative initial investigations.
Fodor Mariann - - 2007
A 25-year-old woman who developed transient neurological abnormalities after scuba diving is reported. The subsequent day she experienced transient left-side monocular blindness. Arterial ocular occlusion in apparently healthy young women is unusual, and a search for the cause of this devastating vascular event is mandatory. Occlusion of the left branch ...
Knox Cartwright Nathaniel E - - 2007
A case of branch retinal vein occlusion associated with fluoxetine-induced secondary hypertension is described. Although an infrequent complication of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor therapy, it is important that ophthalmologists are aware that these agents can cause hypertension because this class of drugs is widely prescribed.
Shakoor A - - 2007
PURPOSE: To establish baseline and variability of oxygen tension (PO(2)) measurements in the choroid, retinal arteries, capillaries, and veins of spontaneously breathing anesthetized rats and determine the effect of a moderate surgical procedure on the chorioretinal PO(2). METHODS: Our previously established optical section phosphorescence imaging technique was utilized to measure ...
Suvajac Gordana - - 2007
Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is characterized by increased hypercoagulability and divergent symptoms including ocular manifestations. In APS patients arterial and/or venous thromboses and repeated fetal loss are diagnosed in presence of antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies. Antiphospholipid antibodies are heterogeneous group of immunoglobulins with different antigenic structure. Primary APS is defined in the ...
Martinez A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To compare the retrobulbar haemodynamic parameters in the ophthalmic artery (OA) and short posterior ciliary arteries (SPCA) in pseudoexfoliative and primary open-angle glaucoma patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fourty-three eyes from 43 patients with pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PXE) and 31 eyes from 31 patients with primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) who met ...
De Ridder Dirk - - 2006
CONCLUSION: The preliminary results suggest that in chronic unilateral tinnitus the contralateral amygdalohippocampal complex does seem to be involved in tinnitus perception of pure tones. OBJECTIVES: Functional neuroimaging studies have revealed that the hippocampus and amygdala are involved in tinnitus perception. The amygdala and hippocampus are supplied by the anterior ...
Hofmann Jennifer J JJ Molecular Biology Institute, Boyer Hall 559, 611 Charles Young Drive East, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, - - 2007
The critical contribution of the Notch signaling pathway to vascular morphogenesis has been underscored by loss-of-function studies in mouse and zebrafish. Nonetheless, a comprehensive understanding as to how this signaling system influences the formation of blood vessels at the cellular and molecular level is far from reached. Here, we provide ...
Ninomiya Hiroyoshi - - 2006
The microvasculature of the eye of 10 pigs was investigated using scanning electron micrographs of corrosion casts. The ciliary body, iris and bulbar conjunctiva were supplied by the iridociliary ring artery via the long posterior ciliary artery. Capillaries of the ciliary process were of large diameter (23.2-27.5 microm) with an ...
Hoyama Erika - - 2006
A 56-year-old healthy man underwent left medial rectus recession and lateral rectus resection for esotropia. The next day he developed severe left periocular pain with decreased vision, an afferent pupillary defect, periorbital edema, limited ocular motility, and proptosis. Computed tomography showed fat stranding and less than 90 degrees of posterior ...
Lee Young Hoon - - 2006
Concurrent development of retinal venous drainage and cerebral venous thrombosis has not been reported. Case Description We describe a 23-year-old man with bilateral central retinal vein occlusions and cerebral venous thrombosis. Initially observed bilateral hemorrhagic retinopathy and thrombus in the right transverse sinus of the patient began to resolve after ...
Hegde V - - 2006
The cilioretinal artery commonly supplies a small area of the retina, usually the macula. It can serve a valuable purpose in preserving the central vision in central retinal artery occlusion. We describe a case, where the total retinal circulation is from the cilioretinal artery in one eye and an abnormal ...
Hamann Steffen - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe a rare case of Churg-Strauss syndrome presenting with severe visual loss due to a combined central retinal vein and artery occlusion. METHODS: A 42-year old man with a medical history of asthma and blood hypereosinophilia developed a sudden loss of vision in his right eye. We describe ...
Tsutsumi Satoshi - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To define the microsurgical anatomy of the central retinal artery (CRA) and to provide a guide to avoiding damage to it during surgery. METHODS: The anatomic characteristics of the CRA and small arteries distributed to the optic sheath were examined in 109 orbits. The origin, course, and site of ...
Johnson T Mark - - 2006
Branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) is believed to arise at arteriovenous crossing sites. Surgical dissection of the arteriovenous sheath has been proposed as a treatment option, yet induction of a posterior vitreous detachment may be as important in obtaining a successful surgical outcome, suggesting that vitreoretinal traction may play a ...
Williamson Tom H - - 2007
To demonstrate a constriction in the central retinal vein in the region of the lamina cribrosa. A prospective comparative interventional study of 13 controls and 19 patients with central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) using colour Doppler imaging of the central retinal artery and vein in the region of the lamina ...
Yanik Bahar - - 2006
The aim of this prospective study was to determine and compare the orbital Doppler ultrasonography parameters of patients with Behçet's disease (with or without ocular involvement) with those of healthy subjects. We evaluated ophthalmic artery (OA), central retinal artery, posterior ciliary artery (PCA), central retinal vein, and superior ophthalmic vein ...
Simmen Daniel B - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to determine the variations in the branching pattern of the sphenopalatine artery medial to the crista ethmoidalis. Seventy-seven cadaver head sides that had been sectioned sagittally in the midline with their septum removed were used after injecting pink latex to highlight the arterial vessels. METHODS: ...
Schwartz Stephen G - - 2006
A patient with thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura secondary to adult-onset Still's disease presented with bilateral combined central retinal artery occlusion and central retinal vein occlusion, a rare complication reported only once before. Fundus appearance and fluorescein angiography were similar to the previous case. Optical coherence tomography findings demonstrated aspects consistent with ...
Andaluz N - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Although resection of the anterior clinoid process (ACP) is valuable in the surgical treatment of aneurysms of the ophthalmic (C6) segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA), quantitative assessment of this adjunct is incomplete. Our morphometric study assesses the effectiveness of the anterior clinoidectomy for exposure of the C6 ...
García-Arumí J - - 2006
To evaluate the anatomical outcomes, safety and functional effectiveness of surgical embolus removal in retinal artery occlusion (RAO). Prospective study of seven patients with RAO of <36 h duration. All eyes underwent pars plana vitrectomy and a longitudinal incision of the anterior wall of the occluded arteriole in an attempt ...
Szpinda Michał - - 2006
Angiographic patterns of the popliteal artery are of great clinical relevance in vascular surgery below the knee. Using radiological, digital and statistical methods the variants and Luminal diameters of the popliteal artery branching in 46 men and 30 women with Lerich syndrome were studied. Statistical analysis did not reveal any ...
Salyer David A - - 2006
PURPOSE: To demonstrate spectroscopic retinal oximetry measurements on arteries and veins in swine using intravitreal illumination. Retinal arterial and venous saturations are measured for a range of inspired O2 levels after pars plana vitrectomy. METHODS: Pars plana vitrectomy and intravitreal manipulations were performed on two female American Yorkshire domestic swine. ...
Hernández Alejandro - - 2006
The purpose of this work was to develop a procedure based on protein analysis by free zone capillary electrophoresis (FZCE) that can be used in the determination of smoked paprika "Pimentón de La Vera" adulteration with paprika elaborated from varieties of pepper foreign to the "La Vera" region, in central ...
Leung C K S - - 2007
AIM: To investigate the structure-function relationship in patients with retinal arterial occlusion by measuring the macular and the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness and the visual sensitivity. METHODS: This is an observational case series with three patients with central retinal arterial occlusion (CRAO) and two patients with branch ...
Kim Shane K - - 2006
A 76-year-old man developed a sudden painless superior field defect in the right eye, retinal whitening along the inferior temporal arcade, and fluorescein angiographic evidence of lobular choroidal non-perfusion. One week later, ophthalmoscopy revealed inferior optic nerve edema with splinter hemorrhages consistent with an anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) and ...
Venkatesh Pradeep - - 2006
IRVAN is a rare retinal vascular disease characterized by the presence of aneurysmal dilations along the retinal arteriolar tree. Visual loss occurs from sequelae to proliferative changes or due to severe macular exudation and rarely from secondary vascular occlusion following laser photocoagulation of the aneurysms. We herein report a patient ...
Peter Silvia - - 2006
The authors report a retinal branch artery occlusion occurring after facial injection of a dermal filler. The superior temporal artery showed occlusion due to a clearly visible long and fragmented embolus suggestive of gel and clearly distinguishable from calcific or cholesterol emboli. The authors suppose that hyaluronic acid gel was ...
Li Fang - - 2006
Neurofibromatosis type I (NF1) is a genetic disorder caused by mutations in the NF1 tumor suppressor gene. Neurofibromin is encoded by NF1 and functions as a negative regulator of Ras activity. NF1 patients develop renal artery stenosis and arterial occlusions resulting in cerebral and visceral infarcts. Further, NF1 patients develop ...
Patton Niall - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe a revised formula for the estimation of retinal trunk arteriole widths from their respective arteriolar branch widths that improves the summarizing of retinal arteriolar diameters. METHODS: A group of young, healthy individuals underwent retinal photography and arteriolar and venular branching points were identified. Vessel widths of the ...
Ohno-Matsui Kyoko - - 2006
PURPOSE: To describe highly myopic patients in which either the large choroidal veins or arteries were occluded following PDT treatment. METHODS: Demographic features of two highly myopic patients in which large choroidal vessels were occluded at 1 week following PDT, among a total of 23 patients who received PDT due ...
Guseva Y A - - 2006
The aim of this work is to reveal the optic canal (OC) development regularities. It is of importance to identify the anatomical preconditions of tunnel syndrome and other pathologies of the OC. One hundred and five human embryos (195 OC, out of them 98 - left-hand, 97 - right-hand) from ...
Schmidt Dieter - - 2006
BACKGROUND: In subtotal central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO), distinct retinal edema with acute onset irreversible visual loss is common. - METHODS: Clinical observation, fluorescein angiogram. - PATIENT: A 69-year-old patient presented with acute visual loss of his right eye. Risk factors for CRAO were arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus. A ...
Kimura Tsuyoshi - - 2006
A retinal specimen from a 68-year-old patient with glaucoma and branch retinal vein occlusion was examined by light and electron microscopy. The venous and arterial lumina were filled with erythrocytes, and many erythrocytes extravasated into the venous wall. We suggest that constant rubbing of endothelial cells of the occluded vein ...
van Lint M - - 2006
Report of two patients with severe loss of visual acuity after surgery in the head and neck area. Ophthalmic examination and imaging studies demonstrate an occlusion of the ophthalmic and central retinal arteries. In both cases, the underlying physiopathology is the embolisation by an intra-operatively injected substance. Embolisation is thought ...
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