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Raja Muhammad Sa - - 2009
A 75 year old lady presented with acute central retinal artery occlusion and contralateral cotton wool spots. General physical examination and investigations led to a diagnosis of CREST syndrome; however, association of central retinal artery occlusion with CREST syndrome is not well known. While diabetes, systemic hypertension, carotid atherosclerosis and ...
Sheth Hiten G - - 2009
Purpose. To report patent foramen ovale (PFO) as the cause of retinal artery occlusion in a young and previously fit male and discuss the appropriate medical and surgical management options. Methods. Interventional case report with serial fundus photographs of an 18-year-old male presenting to the eye casualty with sudden onset ...
Reddy Ashvini - - 2008
A 55-year-old man developed bilateral posterior ischemic optic neuropathy after prolonged prone position lumbar laminectomy. Brain MRI performed 19 hours after the procedure revealed markedly dilated superior ophthalmic veins, a finding that had disappeared on a comparable study performed 5 months later. This first report of dilated superior ophthalmic veins ...
Erdogmus Senem - - 2008
BACKGROUND: There is little documentation of the course and relations of the ophthalmic artery (OA) and posterior ciliary arteries (PCAs). METHODS: The anatomic characteristics of the OA and PCAs were determined from a dissection of 19 neoprene-injected cadaver heads. RESULTS: The intraorbital OA had three segments, considering its relation to ...
Sbeity Zaher - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report a case of a developmental anatomic finding of the ophthalmic artery (OA) in a patient with ipsilateral progressive advanced glaucomatous optic neuropathy and visual field loss. METHODS: A 59-year-old Asian man with normal tension glaucoma had progressive asymmetric visual field loss OD. Magnetic resonance imaging and angiography ...
Gaunt Morgan - - 2008
A 21-year-old Hispanic woman presented with a history of spontaneous miscarriage developed palpable purpura and transient visual loss followed by permanent vision loss OD, secondary to a central retinal artery occlusion with concomitant optic disk edema. The differential diagnosis for vascular occlusion in systemic lupus erythematosus includes antiphospholipid antibody, systemic ...
Roth Daniel B - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To report the visual acuity response after intravitreal triamcinolone injection in patients with macular edema due to retinal vein occlusions. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective nonrandomized interventional series of 172 consecutive patients with macular edema due to retinal vein occlusions who were treated with intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide injection. ...
Lee Ji Eun - - 2009
BACKGROUND: Triolein emulsion is under investigation for supplemental use to open the blood-brain barrier during chemotherapy. The effects of triolein emulsion on the blood-retinal barrier (BRB) were investigated. METHODS: Fat emboli were induced in 20 cats by injecting triolein emulsion through the carotid artery. At 30 min, 4, 12 and ...
Gürlü Vuslat Pelitli - - 2008
PURPOSE: We sought to determine the ideal length of time to use the diagnostic occlusion test (DOT) in the evaluation of patients with intermittent exotropia. METHODS: Eighty-two consecutive intermittent exotropia patients were prospectively evaluated. After the routine ophthalmic examination, the DOT was applied for 1, 3, and 24 hours. The ...
Hammer Martin - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to measure the hemoglobin oxygenation in retinal vessels and to evaluate the sensitivity and reproducibility of the measurement. Using a fundus camera equipped with a special dual wavelength transmission filter and a color charge-coupled device camera, two monochromatic fundus images at 548 and 610 ...
Bottós Juliana Mantovani - - 2008
We report a case of a patient with an impending central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) with cilioretinal artery obstruction, which may help to understand the nature of the retinal hemodynamic changes associated with CRVO which shows direct evidence of arterial vasospasm, suggesting an increased contractility of retinal arteries. The clinical ...
Kreis Andreas J - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There are concerns that cardiac catheterization may cause retinal embolization, a risk marker for cerebrovascular emboli and stroke. We describe the incidence of acute retinal embolism after cardiac catheterization. METHODS: One hundred unselected patients attending a tertiary referral center for diagnostic cardiac catheterization were recruited. Digital retinal ...
Taarnhøj N C B B - - 2008
BACKGROUND/AIMS: To assess the relative influence of genetic and environmental factors on retinal arterial tortuosity and the association between tortuosity and various health indices in healthy young to middle-aged persons. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 57 monozygotic and 52 dizygotic same-sex healthy twin pairs, aged 20 to 46 years, who ...
Zagórska-Swiezy K - - 2008
The topography of the arterial supply and venous drainage was visualised by corrosion casting and scanning electron microscopy in the human foetal (20 weeks) choroid plexus of the lateral ventricle. Although secondary villi were not yet present at that developmental stage, the topography of the large arteries and veins almost ...
Steigerwalt Robert D RD - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Retinal and orbital vein occlusions may cause a decrease in visual acuity. There is no known therapy to resolve ocular thrombosis. The authors used enoxaparin, a low-molecular-weight heparin, to treat 8 consecutive cases of retinal vein occlusions in 7 patients and 1 case of a superior orbital vein occlusion. ...
Edwards Albert O - - 2008
Intralesional injection of corticosteroid suspensions into or adjacent to the ocular adnexa is performed by a number of medical specialists including dermatologists. Although not widely known outside of the ophthalmic community, these injections can lead to blindness through embolization of the central retinal artery. A case of blindness following injection ...
Chen Celia S - - 2008
Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is considered to be an acute stroke of the eye that results in profound visual loss. Spontaneous recovery rates are poor. Most CRAOs are caused by thromboembolism in the central retinal artery. Current standard therapies for CRAO that aim to restore perfusion to the retina ...
Mirshahi Alireza - - 2008
Retinal venous and arterial occlusions are common causes of visual loss. Depending on the location and extent, symptoms may vary from very discrete impairments to complete loss of sight. Selective literature review including the authors' own research data with a particular focus on interdisciplinary aspects. Retinal vascular occlusions are not ...
Lu N - - 2009
To evaluate the effectiveness of vitreous surgery with direct central retinal artery massage for the treatment of central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO). Vitreous surgery with direct central retinal artery massage was performed on 10 consecutive patients with acute CRAO. After standard 3 port pars plana vitrectomy, a specially designed probe ...
Ho Tsung-Yu - - 2008
Ocular ischemic syndrome (OIS) is characterized by ocular symptoms and signs that are secondary to severe carotid artery obstruction. We report a 69-year-old man who suffered from progressively blurred vision in both eyes. Fundus examination showed scattered areas of retinal hemorrhage, some with a white center, in both eyes. Fluorescence ...
Hamid Sadaf - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relative position of the two vessels at the site of venous obstruction, as it facilitates Arteriovenous adventitial sheathotomy and to look for the associated diseases with branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) so as to create more awareness among the masses. METHODS: It was a case series ...
Salazar Ignacio - - 2008
The general morphology of the vomeronasal vessels in adult cows was studied following a classic protocol, including optical, confocal and ultrastructural approaches. This anatomical work was completed immunohistochemically. The vomeronasal organ in cows is well developed, and its vessels are considerable in size. This fact allowed some functional properties of ...
Hamid Sadaf - - 2008
Retinal vein occlusions (RVO) are the second commonest sight threatening vascular disorder. Branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) and central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) are the two basic types of vein occlusion. Branch retinal vein occlusion is three times more common than central retinal vein occlusion and- second only to diabetic ...
Liem Robert I - - 2008
Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is a rare and potentially devastating cause of acute blindness in sickle cell disease (SCD) that is unique compared to classic sickle retinopathy. Few details related to this complication in SCD are known, including its risk factors, pathogenesis, presentation, treatment and outcomes. We present three ...
Song Yoo Mi - - 2008
PURPOSE: To report a case of bilateral ophthalmic artery occlusion in rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis. METHODS: Reviewed clinical charts, photographs, and fluorescein angiography RESULTS: An 89-year-old man with poorly controlled diabetes developed sudden bilateral ptosis, complete ophthalmoplegia of the right eye, and superior rectus palsy of the left eye. Brain and orbit ...
Ho Jau-Der - - 2008
PURPOSE: To determine whether seasonal variation exists in the incidence of retinal vein occlusion. DESIGN: Retrospective, nationwide population-based administrative database study. METHODS: We collected data on outpatient and emergency visits for the period from January 1999 through December 2003 from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, a source that ...
Asefzadeh Baharak - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO) causes inner retinal ischemia leading to permanent inner retinal dysfunction and visual field loss in affected retinal sectors. Optical coherence tomography (OCT) offers a novel way to evaluate in vivo retinal morphologic changes in BRAO in both acute and longitudinal phases. This case report ...
Vortmann Michael - - 2008
Acute monocular visual loss is an alarming symptom for the patient and the emergency physician. This article focuses on the presentation, diagnosis, and management of several causes of acute monocular visual loss with suggestions for when to emergently involve an ophthalmologist. Topics discussed include temporal arteritis, optic neuritis, retinal artery ...
Wang Shou-Sen - - 2008
All surgical approaches to the anterior skull base involve the olfactory cistern and have the risk of damaging the olfactory nerve. The purpose of this study was to describe the microanatomical features of the olfactory cistern and discuss its surgical relevance. In this study, the olfactory cisterns of 15 formalin-fixed ...
Sherpa D - - 2008
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the association of Primary glaucoma with retinal vein occlusion. METHODOLOGY: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out in B.P. Koirala Lions Centre for Ophthalmic Studies from April 2002-July 2003. All diagnosed cases of retinal vein occlusion were evaluated in detail for the presence of primary ...
Kanungo Sanghamitra - - 2008
Dengue is known to affect the posterior segment of the eye, with a range of hemorrhagic and inflammatory sequelae. A 28-year-old lady convalescing from dengue fever complained of unilateral blurring of inferior visual field. She was evaluated clinically and with fluorescein angiography. Her best-corrected visual acuity was 20/20 bilaterally. Fundus ...
Taubert Mark - - 2008
Can vitamin B12 and folate deficiency cause central retinal vein occlusion? We conducted a literature search to find out whether nutritional deficiency of vitamin B12 and folate can lead to impaired vision. The patient in the article presented in an eye-casualty department in the North East of England with gradual ...
Lee Kang-Dae - - 2008
The authors measured the diameters of vessels around the surgical plane of tonsillectomy to investigate an anatomical basis to reduce hemorrhage. Thirty tonsils removed from 15 adult cadavers with the mean age of 56 years (range 44-71 years) at the time of death were studied. Calibration of the vessels across ...
Maldonado Miguel J - - 2008
PURPOSE: To present a patient with a prepapillary vascular loop, a congenital anomaly that has been associated with vitreous hemorrhage and retinal vascular occlusion, who underwent refractive surgery. METHODS: A 45-year-old man with 2.00 diopters (D) of myopia and a unilateral prepapillary arterial loop presented with an interest in LASIK. ...
Krishnamurthy Ashwin - - 2008
When present, the meningo-orbital foramen forms an additional link between the orbit and the middle cranial fossa. It contains an arterial anastomose between the middle menigeal artery--the meningo-lacrimal branch and the lacrimal artery--the meningeal branch. The incidence of this foramen is known to vary between 28-82.9%. In the present study ...
Shawber Carrie J - - 2008
We present three examples of key genes that function in arterial specification that have recently been implicated in lymphatic development; ephrinB2, FoxC2, and Notch. In arterial cell fate determination, Foxc2 regulates both Notch and Notch ligand expression. In turn, Notch signal activation in arteries drives expression of ephrinB2. It will ...
Inoue Hirosuke - - 2008
A 12-year-old girl with aortic valvular stenosis underwent transcatheter balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) using a femoral artery approach. Anticoagulation with heparin during the procedure was used. The patient noted sudden onset of concentric constriction of the visual field in the right eye 40 min after BAV. Brain magnetic resonance imaging ...
中里, 啓子
Offprint. Originally published in: Ophthalmologica, v. 219, no. 6, pp. 334-337, 2005
Cheung Ning - - 2007
Arterial stiffness is a newly recognized risk factor for stroke. Whether this is mediated by small- or large-artery disease is unknown. In this study, we examined the relationship between arterial stiffness and retinal vascular caliber. A cross-sectional, population-based study of 5,731 participants (aged 45-84 years) who were free of clinical ...
Katsaridis Vasilios - - 2007
A 76-year-old man developed blurred vision, and cerebral angiography disclosed an anterior skull base dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) supplied by both ethmoidal branches of the ophthalmic arteries and draining through a single cortical vein. Selective catheterization of both ophthalmic arteries distal to the origin of the central retinal arteries and ...
Koral Korgun - - 2007
Infarction of the choroid plexus of the lateral ventricle is a rare condition, and was not previously described in a child. We describe an infarction of the choroid plexus of the lateral ventricle in a 10-year-old girl, diagnosed upon diffusion-weighted imaging. An infarction of the choroid plexus of the lateral ...
Hayashi Nakamasa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Ectopic sites of origin of the ophthalmic artery from the MMA are associated with visual complications of surgery directed along the sphenoidal wing or embolization of the MMA. CASE DESCRIPTION: Three cases of skull base meningioma in which retinal blood supply originated from the MMA are presented. In one ...
Shao Bao-Ping - - 2008
The heads and necks of 10 yaks were dissected to study the arterial supply to the eye of the yak in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. The supply came from the internal ophthalmic, external eight ophthalmic, superficial temporal and malar arteries. The internal ophthalmic was one of sources of the posterior long ...
Wong Tien Y - - 2008
Microvascular disease, reflected by retinal vascular changes, has been shown to predict clinical coronary heart disease. Whether retinal vascular changes are associated with subclinical coronary artery disease is unclear and was examined in this study. The authors conducted a multiethnic, population-based study of 6,147 persons aged 45-84 years, sampled from ...
Shetty Rajesh K - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Optical coherence tomography (OCT) was used to evaluate the macular thickness in eyes with advanced glaucoma compared with eyes following a retinal artery occlusion. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten patients with a retinal artery occlusion and 10 patients with severe glaucoma were evaluated with OCT using the macular ...
Maia Mauricio - - 2007
Central retinal vein occlusion is a common vascular cause of blidness. In this paper, we first report focal haemorrhagic pigment epithelium detachment and chorioretinal anastomosis in the peripapillary area as an intraoperative complication of radial optic neurotomy (RON). A 65-year-old white man presented with ischaemic central vein occlusion OS. He ...
Gutteridge Ian F - - 2007
A 60-year-old male with a history of migraine presented with evidence of branch retinal arterial occlusion that developed at the time of an attack of retinal migraine. The diagnosis of branch arterial occlusion secondary to migraine was made after exclusion of numerous possible medical conditions. The possible role of vasospasm ...
Biousse Valérie - - 2007
Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) frequently causes severe and irreversible visual loss. For many years, various conservative treatments have been proposed for acute CRAO, but their efficacy remains unproven. Over the past 20 years, CRAO has also been treated with thrombolytic agents administered intravenously or intra-arterially. However, all thrombolytic studies ...
Theodossiadis P G - - 2007
To report in a single case the effectiveness of bevacizumab in the treatment of feeder vessels (FVs) of subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD). One patient received intravitreal bevacizumab (Avastin) (1.25 mg) which was repeated 4 weeks after the first intravitreal injection. Fluorescein angiography and optical ...
Skrapari Ioanna - - 2008
Ocular involvement in Churg-Strauss syndrome (CSS) is infrequent. We describe a case of a 50-year-old woman, with blood eosinophilia, involvement of the respiratory tract, skin, and peripheral nervous system, fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology criteria for CSS, who presented with left foot drop followed by left acute painless visual ...
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