Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 900
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Cheng Jacob Y C - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report a case of extensive cephalic and basilic venous thrombosis after fluorescein angiography. DESIGN: Interventional case report. METHODS: A 38-year-old Chinese male presented with blurring of vision in his left eye. Clinical examination revealed central serous retinopathy, and a routine fluorescein angiography was performed. RESULTS: He developed inflammation ...
Ansari Mohammed T MT Clinical Trials Centre, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong - - 2005
Anecdotal evidence suggests a possible link between travel and venous thromboembolism (VTE). We systematically evaluated the evidence from observational studies. We searched studies evaluating the risk of venous thrombosis in relation to traveling from MEDLINE and EMBASE up tp March 2004, together with a hand search of reference lists from ...
Wang I K - - 2005
Thromboembolic complications, frequently associated with idiopathic membranous glomerulonephritis, are frequent and serious problems associated with nephrotic syndrome. However, ovarian vein thrombosis associated with nephrotic syndrome has never been reported. This study describes the case of a 35-year-old woman with idiopathic membranous glomerulonephritis who developed left renal vein thrombosis with ovarian ...
Deshpande Pankaj V - - 2005
Thrombo-embolic episodes are an uncommon but known complication of nephrotic syndrome. However, pulmonary thrombosis/thromboembolism is rare, especially in children. We describe the cases of two girls, aged 12 years, who presented with severe oedema in relapse. They had intermittent tachypnoea, and CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) provided a less invasive and ...
Kim Byung-Jo - - 2005
Thrombo-embolic events, which can be increased after splenectomy in hemoglobin disorders, can cause potentially lethal complications. Although venous thrombosis has been reported, arterial strokes are rarely reported. A case of stroke in a 52-year-old patient with a previously performed splenectomy for known hemoglobin Madrid, an extremely unstable hemoglobinopathy, led us ...
Leon Luis R LR - - 2005
AIM: To assess the demographic features of superficial vein thrombosis and its relation with the occurrence of hypercoagulable states. METHODS: Data were gathered from pertinent papers using a MEDLINE search and an exhaustive bibliography review. Studies were considered only when they contained material to superficial vein thrombosis and hypercoagulable states. ...
Bartholomew John R - - 2005
Recommendations for transitioning from therapy with heparin or a low-molecular-weight heparin preparation to therapy with an oral anticoagulant in patients with acute venous or arterial thromboembolism have undergone several changes during the last two decades. Physicians are now comfortable with beginning treatment with an oral anticoagulant once the diagnosis is ...
Israels Sara J - - 2006
Platelets are essential for the maintenance of vascular integrity and control of bleeding at sites of injury, but they are also implicated in the progression of atherosclerotic lesions and arterial vascular thrombosis. The use of antiplatelet drugs for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular thromboses in adult ...
Mousa Shaker A - - 2005
The last decade witnessed major advances in the prevention and treatment of venous as well as of arterial thrombosis. Limitations of existing anticoagulants led to the development of novel therapeutic approaches. Ximelagatran is a new direct thrombin inhibitor (DTI) that is given orally, without the need for close monitoring. This ...
Martinelli Ida - - 2005
Since the early 1990s attempts have been made to elucidate whether high concentrations of von Willebrand factor (VWF) and factor VIII (FVIII) in plasma are associated with an increased risk of thrombosis. Several prospective studies on the role of VWF in arterial thrombosis, mainly coronary heart disease, were performed in ...
Bank I - - 2005
Elevated levels of coagulation factor VIII:C (FVIII:C) are associated with an increased risk for venous and arterial thromboembolism. Whether relatives of patients with elevated levels of FVIII:C are also at increased risk for thrombotic disease is unknown. The objective was to determine the annual incidences of both venous and arterial ...
Jain S - - 2005
Vascular thrombosis is a rare but well-recognized extraintestinal manifestation of ulcerative colitis. Thrombosis usually involves the peripheral veins and less commonly the cerebral veins and the arterial system. A case of a 22-year-old woman is reported who presented with an exacerbation of ulcerative colitis and developed extensive arterial and venous ...
Taylor Robert A - - 2005
The cause of transient global amnesia (TGA) remains controversial. Focal cerebral ischemia, seizure, venous congestion, and migraine have all been proposed as underlying mechanisms. We describe a patient presenting with typical TGA who two days later developed a posterior circulation stroke due to basilar artery occlusion. He was treated successfully ...
Yataco Jose - - 2004
Pulmonary vein stenosis is a recently described complication of radiofrequency ablation. We report a patient who experienced thrombosis of the lingular vein and pulmonary infarction resulting from mild single-vessel pulmonary vein stenosis. This report extends available experience with complications of radiofrequency ablation, by demonstrating pulmonary venous thrombosis as a complication ...
Kassis Jeannine - - 2004
Although antiphospholipid antibodies (aPL) are associated with thrombosis, it is not known who with aPL is at higher risk for thrombosis. It was the aim of this cross-sectional study to investigate how thrombophilic factors contribute to venous or arterial thrombosis in aPL-positive individuals. In outpatient test centres at two tertiary ...
Coleman David B - - 2004
Right atrial thrombosis and pulmonary embolism are infrequent complications of pacemaker insertion. We report a patient with a large mobile thrombus on an endocardial DDD pacing lead and probable pulmonary embolism. We believe that this is the first case of pacemaker lead thrombosis in which treatment included insertion of an ...
Costa Andry F - - 2004
The role of adenine nucleotides on vascular and platelet functions has long been established. Apyrase (CD39) takes part of a family of ecto-enzymes that hydrolyze adenosine diphosphate and adenosine triphosphate. The participation of apyrase in the thromboregulatory system is under study. An in vivo experimental model of acute arterial thrombosis ...
Kurokawa Manae S - - 2004
Behçet's disease (BD) is a systemic disorder characterized by recurrent attacks of acute inflammation. Major symptoms are oral aphthous ulcers, uveitis, skin lesions, and genital ulcerations. Involvement of vessels, gastrointestinal (GI) tract, and central nervous system (CNS) is less frequent but is associated with a poor prognosis. Pulmonary complications of ...
Chang Fung-Wei - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To assess plasma renin activity in a patient with severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) and internal jugular vein thrombosis. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University-affiliated infertility center. PATIENT(S): A 33-year-old woman with OHSS and internal jugular vein thrombosis. INTERVENTION(S): Controlled ovulation hyperstimulation with recombinant FSH induction. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Plasma ...
Konstantinides Stavros - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: Human obesity is associated with an increased risk for arterial and venous thrombosis and with elevated levels of leptin in the blood. Leptin administration promotes arterial thrombosis in mice, and leptin-deficient ob/ob mice have an attenuated thrombotic response to injury. Thus, endogenous leptin may regulate arterial and venous thrombosis ...
Ryan Barbara M - - 2004
Here we describe a patient with Crohn's disease who developed a severe infliximab infusion reaction (IIR), complicated 1 day later by severe swelling of the forearm and hand ipsilateral to the site of infliximab infusion. This proved to be extensive forearm deep venous thrombosis. The site of thrombosis and the ...
Zhou Wei - - 2004
Cocaine-induced arterial thrombosis is uncommon, and most reported cases involved small-diameter vessels such as the cerebral and coronary arteries. This study was undertaken to review our experience with peripheral arterial thrombosis presumed caused by cocaine abuse. Hospital records were reviewed for all patients admitted over 10 years with acute arterial ...
Yang Tung-Ying - - 2004
Clozapine-associated induction of venous thromboembolism has potentially catastrophic consequences. We report a case of sudden death caused by bilateral main pulmonary trunk thrombosis in a 31-year-old man receiving clozapine therapy. The patient presented with general weakness and exertional dyspnea. Bilateral main pulmonary trunk thrombosis was clearly demonstrated by helical chest ...
Prieto-Nieto M I - - 2004
Postpartum ovarian vein thrombosis is a rare condition, with an incidence rate being 1/600 deliveries. It most often arises in the right ovarian vein. A 33-year-old patient who had had normal vaginal delivery presented with fever, pain in the right iliac fossa, and leukocytosis on the sixth day after delivery. ...
Tektonidou Maria G - - 2004
Osteonecrosis is a disease in which death of cellular elements of bone occurs as a result of diminished arterial blood supply. The pathogenetic mechanisms of osteonecrosis remain unresolved. Extravascular pressure and subsequent tamponade of the arterial vessels or an intravascular thrombosis have been suggested. Immunologic factors may also play an ...
Matsumori Akira - - 2004
Concentrations of the circulating hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) increase in the very early phase of acute myocardial infarction, and are a marker of arterial thrombosis. A recently developed, highly sensitive HGF assay can detect the early stages of arterial thrombosis in patients with unstable angina pectoris, acute aortic dissection and ...
Marquardt G - - 2004
Three patients with bilateral subdural effusion, an exclusive manifestation of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis (CVST), are presented. A possible explanation of this rare occurrence is provided, and the differential therapeutic strategies are discussed. We propose to consider CVST in cases of subdural effusions of obscure origin. Appropriate imaging studies should ...
Legare Jean-Francois - - 2004
The present case report describes the spontaneous formation of blood clots in the right and left sides of the circulation, despite good anticoagulation, in a patient undergoing coronary bypass surgery. The authors hypothesize that, because the patient turned out to have positive serology for heparin-induced thrombocytopenia that was not diagnosed ...
Kuzeyli Kayhan - - 2004
Aneurysmal dilatation of the vein of Galen (AVG) is a common finding in vascular malformations that involve the Galenic system and spontaneous thrombosis is very rare. Although the presentation of the cases may differ with the age, the mortality and morbidity is high in all age groups. Here, we present ...
Casais Patricia - - 2004
Our objectives were to evaluate thrombotic complications in patients with lupus anticoagulant fulfilling Sapporo criteria, anticoagulated with an intended INR 2.0-3.0 due to venous and arterial thrombosis. In our series standard anticoagulation was safe and efficacious in preventing recurrences in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, with other thrombophilia and with ...
Poirée S - - 2004
We report two cases of acute aortic thrombosis in cancer patients. Aortic thrombosis is rare in the absence of atherosclerosis, dissection, or aneurysm. On the one hand, hypercoagulable state related to cancer is a well-known risk factor for venous thrombosis. On the other hand, arterial thrombosis has been rarely reported ...
Emir Mustafa - - 2004
Cerebral venous thrombosis in various clinical conditions, such as congenital heart disease (CHD) and hypercoagulable states, have been recognized previously. However, dural sinus thrombosis in a pediatric patient with Antiphospholipid Syndrome (APLS) after the repair of a ventricular septal defect (VSD) has not been reported yet. A child who underwent ...
Kakkar Ajay K - - 2004
Heparins and low-molecular-weight heparins (LMWHs) have been the mainstay for the prevention and management of venous and arterial thromboembolic disease. In particular, the LMWHs have become well established in the past 15 years for the prevention of thrombosis in medium- and high-risk surgical and medical patients and in the initial ...
Marret Emmanuel - - 2004
Hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) have been developed primarily for their oxygenating function and possible use as an alternative to red blood cells during surgery or after major trauma. However, their effect on hemostasis has not been studied extensively. We compared the effects on hemostasis of bovine-derived hemoglobin solution (HBOC-201) with ...
Vincent Robert N - - 2004
Acute thrombosis of a vascular channel can be a serious and perhaps fatal complication. We describe a patient who developed complete thrombosis of the left pulmonary artery following catheter placement of a stent in this vessel shortly after open heart surgery. The thrombosis was successfully removed using the Possis AngioJet ...
Bonde Christian T - - 2004
Venous thrombosis of a free flap is a serious complication in microsurgery. Several agents with the ability to dissolve an occluding thrombus exist. Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) seems the most effective. We present our experience with a procedure that was successful in elimination of the occluding thrombus in two ...
Silversides Candice K - - 2003
OBJECTIVES: We sought to determine the prevalence of pulmonary artery thrombosis in patients with Eisenmenger syndrome and to identify individuals at highest risk. BACKGROUND: Eisenmenger syndrome is associated with pulmonary arterial thrombus formation. Both the prevalence and the determinants of pulmonary arterial thrombosis are unknown. METHODS: This is a review ...
den Heijer Martin - - 2003
Classical homocystinuria is associated with arterial vascular diseases and venous thrombosis. In the last decade, many studies, including some prospective studies, have been published indicating that moderate hyperhomocysteinaemia is also a risk factor for venous thrombosis. The 677C>T mutation in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene is an important cause of ...
Grover Rahul - - 2003
The antiphospholipid syndrome encompasses a wide spectrum of presentations cutting across all subspecialties of medicine. It is characterized by recurrent thrombotic events involving both the arterial and venous systems. Large arteries and veins as well as the microcirculation are involved. Recurrent strokes, myocardial infarction, pulmonary embolism, gangrene of the digits, ...
Kirton Adam - - 2003
Pediatric stroke is an underrecognized, potentially treatable cause of childhood neurologic disease. Acute basilar artery thrombosis is a devastating disease rarely encountered in children. Acute interventions with both chemical and mechanical thrombolysis techniques can improve outcomes in adults with arterial thrombosis of the posterior cerebral circulation. We report a case ...
Biousse Valérie - - 2003
Because of its wide range of presentations, its highly variable mode of onset, its numerous causes, and its unpredictable outcome, cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) remains a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Treatment of CVT consists primarily of symptomatic treatment of seizures and intracranial hypertension, antithrombotics, and etiologic treatment whenever possible. Heparin ...
Nanas John N - - 2003
Following pretreatment with ticlopidine 250 mg bid for three days, a 40-year-old man underwent successful angioplasty and stenting of the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery and balloon dilation of the midcircumflex coronary artery without stenting. He subsequently developed acute coronary thromboses at both arterial sites and cardiogenic shock. The ...
Collart Frédéric - - 2003
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia and thrombosis syndrome (type II) is associated with thromboembolic complications and a mortality rate up to 30%. We describe a patient who developed intracardiac and aortic Dacron prosthesis heparin-induced thrombosis after aortic root conservative surgery. Successive transoesophageal echocardiographies demonstrated a progressive regression of intracardiac thrombosis with oral anticoagulation ...
Biousse Valérie - - 2003
Because of its wide range of presentations, its highly variable mode of onset, its numerous causes, and its unpredictable outcome, cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) remains a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Treatment of CVT consists primarily of symptomatic treatment of seizures and intracranial hypertension, antithrombotics, and etiologic treatment whenever possible. Heparin ...
Leach J Kent - - 2003
The present study compares the efficacy of two formulations of encapsulated streptokinase to streptokinase in a rabbit model of carotid artery thrombosis. Arterial thrombosis followed the injection of thrombin mixed with autologous whole blood into a carotid artery of New Zealand white rabbits. Thirty minutes after the confirmation of an ...
Golomb Meredith R - - 2003
Few reports describe the use of intraarterial recombinant tissue plasminogen activator to treat intracranial thrombosis in children. A 17-year-old girl with a history of prior venous thrombosis developed a left middle cerebral artery thrombus during diagnostic cerebral angiogram. Therapy with intra-arterial tissue plasminogen activator was initiated. An immediate follow-up angiogram ...
Ovali Ercüment - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Life-threatening complications following apheresis are rare, and include venous thrombosis. Arterial thrombosis following apheresis has not been reported. CASE REPORT: A 48 year old donor had cerebral infarction following large volume plasma donation. The outcome was fatal. He was found to be heterozygous for both methylene tetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) ...
Böhm G - - 2003
Thrombophilia may be defined as the tendency to arterial or venous thrombosis. Thrombophilia can be acquired or hereditary. Acquired conditions leading to arterial thrombosis are commonly encountered in vascular surgical practice, but less well known is the potential influence of genetic factors. In recent years, evidence has accumulated for a ...
Lenain N - - 2003
Previous studies in experimental models revealed a role for the P2Y1 platelet ADP receptor in systemic vascular thromboembolism models. In the present work, we used models of localized arterial and venous thrombosis to assess the role of the P2Y1 receptor in these processes. Arterial thrombosis was induced in one mesenteric ...
Dörffler-Melly Janine - - 2003
Thrombomodulin (TM) bound thrombin initiates the protein C anticoagulant pathway and defects in TM result in enhanced coagulation. Recent studies suggest a role for TM in arterial vascular disease. In order to corroborate this association we studied arterial thrombus formation in mice with a functional TM defect. We used mice ...
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