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Results 401 - 450 of 1086
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Gonzalez L Fernando - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To examine the reliability of using the optic strut as a landmark in computed tomographic (CT) angiography, to differentiate between intradural and extradural (cavernous sinus) aneurysms involving the paraclinoid segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA). METHODS: Microanatomic dissections were performed with five cadaveric heads (10 sides), to establish ...
Kazekawa Kiyoshi - - 2003
We present an alternative endovascular approach to treat dural anterio-venous fistulas (AVFs) of the cavernous sinus that drain only into the superior ophthalmic vein. Two cases of dural AVFs of the cavernous sinus producing increased intraocular pressure and diminishing visual acuity are reported. The cavernous sinus was accessed via the ...
Koebbe Christopher J - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Carotid-cavernous fistulae (CCFs) are abnormal communications between the carotid artery and cavernous sinus that may present with rapid visual deterioration and extraocular paresis as a result of increasing intraocular pressure requiring emergent treatment to preserve vision. We present a technique of balloon-assisted ethanol embolization of the cavernous carotid artery ...
Murata Hidetoshi - - 2003
A 41-year-old woman presented with tinnitus in the left ear and headache, followed by diplopia and pain in the left cheek. Angiography showed a left high-flow direct carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF), causing steal of the blood flow from the internal carotid artery into the cavernous sinus. A few days later, she ...
Kocaoğullar Y - - 2003
Fourteen cadaver specimens (28 sides) and twelve dry human skulls (24 sides) were used to study the anatomic relationships between bony, neurovascular and foraminal landmarks in the floor of the middle fossa in preparation for performing the extradural subtemporal keyhole approach to the sphenocavernous region. The interforaminal distance was largest ...
Erturk Mete - - 2004
In this study we present the incidence of caroticoclinoid foramen and interclinoid osseous bridge and some topographic aspects regarding the clinoidal internal carotid artery (ICA) in a recent Turkish population to provide a guide for neurosurgeons in any surgical approach, especially to the cavernous sinus. One hundred nineteen adult dry ...
Weber W - - 2003
Summary: We report the endovascular treatment of a 40- year-old woman with bilaterally thrombosed transverse sinuses and a dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) causing cortical venous reflux by recanalization, angioplasty and stent deployment of the occluded sinus segment followed by occlusion of the DAVF by stent deployment in the fistulous segment. ...
Kachhara R - - 2003
We present two cases of carotid injury during transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenoma. While in one of the cases it resulted in the formation of a false aneurysm of cavernous carotid artery, in the other patient, a carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) formed. The false aneurysm was managed by surgical trapping ...
Agarwal Anurag - - 2003
To demonstrate the evolution of sigmoid sinus thrombosis, we performed a prospective observational study on a 6-year-old girl who presented with mastoiditis, epidural abscess, and occipital osteomyelitis from multiple drug-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae. She underwent mastoidectomy and partial occipital craniectomy. This procedure produced a window in the occipital bone that allowed ...
Türe Uğur - - 2003
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Schwannomas of the central nervous system usually originate from the vestibular nerve and occasionally originate from the trigeminal nerve. Sympathetic plexus schwannomas are extremely rare and have never been noted within the cavernous sinus. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 23-year-old man experienced occasional double vision for a period of ...
Weaver Kyle D - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: Carotid-cavernous fistulae are uncommon but well-documented sequelae of craniofacial trauma. A rare subset may arise from the posterior communicating artery instead of from the carotid artery proper. The presentation is similar to that of carotid-cavernous fistulae, with ocular pain, chemosis, and proptosis being the common symptoms. The first successful ...
Goel Atul - - 2003
An 18-year-old male presented with severe proptosis and blindness in the right eye. Neuroimaging revealed a large and hypervascular tumor in the right retrobulbar region and a large tumor in the left cavernous sinus. Angiography showed the right tumor was extensively vascular, fed by a hypertrophic ophthalmic artery, and the ...
Gotwald Thaddaeus F - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify recognizable landmarks on coronal CT (CCT) scans for the localization of the anterior and posterior ethmoid arteries, which are important anatomic structures and surgical landmarks within the ethmoid sinuses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four series of plastinated cadaver specimens and 80 CCT ...
Speel T G W - - 2003
PURPOSE: We revalidate parameters of the cavernous arterial response (peak systolic blood flow velocity) and acceleration time using penile duplex pharmaco-ultrasonography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood flow velocity in the cavernous artery following pharmaco-stimulation was determined with duplex ultrasonography in 106 patients with erectile dysfunction. Intima media thickness of the common ...
Yoshikai Masaru - - 2003
We describe a simple reliable method to pass the right internal thoracic artery safely through the transverse sinus. At first, a 4-mm-wide vascular tape is passed through the transverse sinus. The cut end of the right internal thoracic artery is then attached to the right end of the tape with ...
Ahn Jung Yong - - 2003
Embolisation of a carotid cavernous fistula by means of a detachable balloon is a well-established method for treating carotid cavernous fistulas while preserving a patent internal carotid artery. However, failure to embolise the carotid cavernous fistula may occur. Herein we describe a stent-assisted Guglielmi detachable coil embolisation that completely occludes ...
Hillard Virany Huynh - - 2002
Cavernous internal carotid artery (ICA)-anterior cerebral artery (ACA) anastomoses are unusual anomalies in which a duplicated A, segment of the ACA arises from the infraoptic ICA. The authors report on a 30-year-old woman who presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage from an anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysm associated with an extremely rare ...
Hatzichristou Dimitrios - - 2002
PURPOSE: We present 7 cases of arterial high flow priapism and propose management algorithms for the condition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied 2 children and 5 adults with posttraumatic arterial priapism. Blood gas analysis and color Doppler ultrasonography of the corpora cavernosa confirmed the diagnosis in 4 adults, while 1 ...
Ozveren M Faik - - 2002
The goal of this study was to determine the membranous protection of the abducens nerve in the petroclival region. The petroclival portion of the abducens nerve was studied in ten dissections from five cadaveric head specimens. One of the heads was used for histological sections. Four heads were injected with ...
Berlis Ansgar - - 2002
We report the case of a 74-year-old woman with a complex indirect (Barrow D) carotid cavernous sinus fistula. The patient was treated incrementally and finally cured by a rarely reported bilateral retrograde direct transvenous approach via the superior ophthalmic vein. The treatment of the complex carotid cavernous fistula with multiple ...
Lee Hye Yeon - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the surgical anatomy of the sphenopalatine artery. First, the location of the sphenopalatine foramen on the lateral nasal wall and the pattern of the main branches of the sphenopalatine artery from the sphenopalatine artery were studied. Second, the course of the posterior lateral nasal artery with respect ...
Komiyama M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: A dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) involving the transverse-sigmoid (T-S) sinus which is occluded at its proximal and distal ends i.e., an isolated sinus, runs the risk of haemorrhaging or causing serious neurological deficits as a result of its retrograde leptomeningeal venous drainage. While lesions of this type have not ...
Workman M J - - 2002
Summary: We present a case of recurrent carotid-cavernous fistula after prior ipsilateral carotid artery ligation. Due to lack of endovascular access, embolization was performed by direct puncture of the cavernous sinus via a transorbital approach. Operative technique and an anatomical basis for treatment are described.
Mégarbané A - - 2002
A 24-year-old woman presented with bilateral giant intracavernous carotid artery aneurysms manifesting as a cavernous sinus syndrome on the left side, and anisocoria, ophthalmic pain, and oculomotor paresis on the left side. Physical examination showed mild hyperextensibility of the metacarpophalangeal joints, amelogenesis imperfecta, and hyperpigmentation following Blaschko lines. Analysis of ...
Sakamoto Hideo - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To assess the hemodynamics of the cavernous arteries (CAs) and helicine arteries (HAs) using power Doppler imaging (PDI) in patients with erectile dysfunction (ED). METHODS: Forty-two patients with and without a definite vascular component of ED were examined by PDI. The hemodynamic variables of the CAs and HAs were ...
Tsutsumi Masanori - - 2002
A 75-year-old man who had suffered from right visual disturbance for 10 years suddenly experienced right cavernous sinus syndrome. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a giant thrombosed aneurysm in the right cavernous sinus extending to the right middle cranial fossa. Digital subtraction angiography disclosed occlusion of the right internal carotid artery ...
Stiebel-Kalish Hadas - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To provide evidence that venous congestion and drainage patterns are responsible for the manifestations of cavernous sinus area dural arteriovenous malformations (CSdAVMs). DESIGN: Retrospective observational case series. PARTICIPANTS: Records of 85 patients with complete clinical and angiographic evaluations of CSdAVMs were evaluated for the clinical features of the disorder. ...
Chanda Amitabha - - 2002
OBJECT: An anatomical study in which measurements were obtained was undertaken to demonstrate that the orbitozygomatic transcavernous-transclinoidal approach provides excellent exposure of the trunk of the basilar artery (BA) and its bifurcation. METHODS: Bilateral stepwise dissections were performed on 10 fixed cadaver heads with the aid of x 3 to ...
Champagne Jean - - 2002
This present report describes a patient with syncope in whom asystole was triggered by right carotid sinus massage and complete atrioventricular block with slight bradycardia by left carotid sinus massage. A dual-chamber, rate-responsive, permanent pacemaker with 'sudden rate drop' algorithm was implanted. The present report underlines the pathophysiology and the ...
Goddard A J P - - 2002
Summary: Dural arteriovenous fistulas are most probably acquired lesions. However, they have been rarely encountered de novo.We present a unique case of a 71-year-old woman who initially presented with right-sided dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF), which spontaneously resolved after diagnostic arteriography. She later developed asymptomatic occlusion of the left transverse sinus. ...
Nomura Sadahiro - - 2002
A 59-year-old woman presented with a rare middle fossa dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) unrelated to the cavernous sinus manifesting only as subarachnoid hemorrhage. Angiography revealed shunts between the meningeal branches of both the internal and external carotid arteries and the sphenobasal sinus. The AVF drained into the superficial middle cerebral ...
Reisch Robert - - 2002
In this publication, the authors describe the microanatomic topography of the entire paraclinoid area with respect to the paraclinoid segment of the internal carotid artery and its surrounding anatomical structures. Special attention was given to the borders of the paraclinoid area, cavernous sinus, arterial vessels, and cranial nerves passing through ...
Nadkarni T D - - 2002
A 55 year old male patient was operated on for a massive and vascular acoustic neurinoma in a sitting position. The tumor was completely excised. Post-operatively, the patient developed irritability and clinical features suggestive of contralateral cavernous sinus thrombosis. CT scan showed air within the dural walls of the cavernous ...
Nishio Akimasa - - 2002
A 57-year-old woman presented with a dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) involving the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) based upon serial radiological examinations. Her chief complaints were headache and vomiting. Cerebral angiography and magnetic resonance (MR) venography revealed the sinus thrombosis involving the SSS, the bilateral transverse sinuses (TSs), and the right ...
Terada T - - 2002
The authors describe a case of indirect carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) appearing five months after embolization for traumatic direct CCF, which was treated six months after the trauma. Long-term (six months) venous hypertension to the affected cavernous sinus due to direct CCF and cavernous sinus thrombosis following a balloon embolization ...
Kiyosue Hiro - - 2002
Two cases of a second dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF), both developing in different locations after selective transvenous embolization of the first DAVF, are presented. One recurrent DAVF developed on the sigmoid sinus 5 months after transvenous embolization of a DAVF in the paratransverse sinus channel, and the other recurrence developed ...
Ushikoshi Satoshi - - 2002
BACKGROUND: When considering the treatment strategies for dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs), it is important to clarify the exact location of the fistula and venous drainage route from both DAVFs and normal brain tissue. DAVFs with leptomeningeal retrograde venous drainage carry a high risk of neurological deficits and require aggressive treatment. ...
Smit Arthur A J - - 2002
BACKGROUND: After experimental carotid sinus denervation in animals, blood pressure (BP) level and variability increase markedly but normalize to preoperative levels within 10 to 14 days. We investigated the course of arterial BP level and variability after bilateral denervation of the carotid sinus baroreceptors in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS: We ...
Murakami Gen - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: We clarified the configuration of the mediastinal lymphatics, focusing on the last intercalated lymph node and the direct drainage vessel to the thoracic duct, based on recent anatomical findings. METHODS: We macroscopically observed the lymphatics during dissections of 205 cadavers in combination with routine histology. We also review the ...
Benndorf G - - 2002
Two patients with vascular lesions of the cavernous sinus (CS) undergoing endovascular management are reported. During transvenous embolization an unusually low termination of the inferior petrosal sinus (IPS) was observed. In both patients, we were able to catheterize the CS using this aberrant venous route. Knowledge of this variant can ...
Kohyama Shinya - - 2002
Two elderly female patients with carotid-cavernous fistulas (CCFs) were treated by transvenous embolization through a transfemoral superior ophthalmic vein approach via the facial vein. Complete occlusion of CCFs was not achieved with this technique exclusively, but the technique was effective in these cases. This technique provides an alternative to other ...
Tzarnas C D - - 2001
Branchial cleft sinuses are congenital anomalies that usually present in childhood or early adulthood. It is uncommon that such a sinus will remain asymptomatic to the sixth decade of life. This case describes the presence of a second branchial cleft sinus in the setting of carotid artery disease, where both ...
Liu H M - - 2001
We report the long-term clinical outcome of spontaneous carotid cavernous sinus fistulae (CCF) originally supplied by branches arising from the internal carotid artery (Barrow's type B), or type-D lesion that became type B after particulate embolization. A total of 55 patients was included in this study. Their angiography revealed that ...
Kusaka N - - 2001
Various hypotheses have been reported concerning the pathogenesis of dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs). However, it is still controversial whether sinus thrombosis or venous hypertension has a greater influence on the formation of DAVFs. We present a rare case of multiple DAVFs that developed after sinus thrombosis. Chronic venous hypertension secondary ...
Churojana A - - 2001
Summary: This report describes a rare occurrence of spontaneous closure of direct bilateral carotid cavernous fistula in a 62-year-old woman who had head injury. This was confirmed by clinical examination and subsequent angiogram. Partial thrombosis of bilateral superior ophthalmic veins was observed in the initial arteriography. This finding may be ...
Gupta S K - - 2001
Surgery was performed, through single flap fronto-temporo-orbito-zygomatic approach in 22 patients with skull base lesions. In two of these patients, this approach was combined with a transpetrosal approach. The pathological spectrum consisted of trigeminal neurofibromas (5), spheno-orbital meningiomas (4), carotico-ophthalmic aneurysms (4), basilar top aneurysms (2), cavernous sinus haemangiomas (2), ...
Naito I - - 2001
We report six cases of transverse-sigmoid dural arteriovenous fistulae (TS DAVF) treated with percutaneous transvenous embolisation through the occluded sinus. All patients had sinus occlusive lesions: an isolated sinus in five cases and a distal occlusion of the affected sinus in one. Leptomeningeal retrograde venous drainage via the vein of ...
Einer-Jensen N - - 2001
Nasal administration to rats of small molecules (tritiated water, tyrosine, and propanol) results in a higher concentration in the brain arterial blood than in other arteries. The preferential distribution is based on a counter current transfer, which takes place between nasal vein blood and brain arterial blood in the cavernous ...
Ohba T - - 2001
To compare the depth of the maxillary sinus floor on panoramic radiographs between the edentulous and dentate patients. Thirty panoramic radiographs of edentulous female patients and 47 panoramic radiographs of female dentate patients were used for the sample. To measure the depth of the maxillary sinus floor, the outline of ...
Kim T S - - 2001
Summary: A rare case of carotid cavernous fistula occurring during endovascular embolization of the left carotid cave aneurysm in a 48-year-old female is reported. It was thought to be caused by the tear of a small branch derived from the intracavernous internal carotid artery while the guidewire was passing the ...
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