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Celil Göçer - - 2004
Although epistaxis is commonly seen in otorhinolaryngologic practice, it may rarely become a severe and life-threatening problem. Pseudoaneurysm of internal carotid artery (PICA) is an uncommon, but potentially fatal cause of epistaxis. Optimal management demands rapid recognition and treatment to give the best functional outcome. High suspicion and carotid arteriography ...
Manosuthi Weerawat - - 2004
The authors describe a rare case of an infection of both the chromomycosis and aspergillosis of the maxillary sinus in an immunocompetent 72-year-old female who presented with progressive visual loss and dull aching pain of the left eye. Sinuscopy of the left maxillary sinus showed swelling of the mucosa with ...
Baldauf J - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: In indirect carotid-cavernous sinus fistulas (CCF), abnormal connections exist between tiny dural branches of the external and/or internal carotid system and the cavernous sinus. Usually this kind of fistula occurs spontaneously and is characterized by a low shunt volume. Alternative vascular approaches for embolization are required when standard interventional ...
Rutka James T - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Craniopagus twinning is a rare embryological event occurring in 1 in 2.5 million births. CASE REPORT: We present our recent experience with the separation of total vertical craniopagus twins in the modern era of neuroimaging and interventional neuroradiology. Three-dimensional CT images revealed the twins' heads were axially rotated 30 ...
Chaffanjon P C J - - 2004
In a previous anatomical study of the oblique sinus of pericardium, we reported on the morphological variations of this recess. We noted a previously undescribed variation of its top in 32.7% of our cases. Here we detail this variation using microscopic and macroscopic mediastinal dissections of 107 adult fresh cadavers. ...
Batra Pete S - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The critical relationship of the carotid artery with the sphenoid sinus has been long established. Sophisticated imaging software in conjunction with three-dimensional high-resolution computed tomography (CT) imaging now facilitates detailed analysis of these anatomic relationships. METHODS: Siemens VolumeZoom CT scanner was used to obtain high-resolution computed tomography data that ...
Vecchietti Stefania - - 2004
To compare QT interval and QT dispersion in ventricular ectopic beats with measurements from the preceding and the immediately following sinus beats, and investigate differences between manual and automatic measurements. Patients: Eleven chronic uremic patients. Main outcome measures: ECGs were recorded during hemodialysis treatment and 12-lead sections containing five consecutive ...
Pejković Bozena - - 2004
The arteriovenous relations in human heart are, in some instances, different from arteriovenous relations in other parts of the body. The specific relations between cardiac arteries and veins may enable diffusible substances carried through the system of juxta-arterial cardiac veins to influence the regulation of the lumen of the coronary ...
Yalçin Bülent - - 2004
The purpose of this study was to investigate the sinus node artery in the sheep heart to establish adequate baseline information for use in cardiovascular research, and to compare this information with similar data for man. The coronary arteries were exposed by using injection-corrosion casting technique in 60 sheep hearts. ...
Ugur Hasan Caglar - - 2004
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Several neurosurgical procedures have been developed for the treatment of idiopathic trigeminal neuralgia: vascular decompression of the trigeminal root in the brainstem, percutaneous trigeminal ganglion procedures, and external beam radiosurgery. Percutaneous radiofrequency electrodes target the trigeminal fibers in the gasserian ganglion through the foramen ovale. Several complications ...
Rai Ansaar T - - 2004
An 11-month-old female patient presented with symptoms of orbital venous congestion. A CT scan showed enlarged superior ophthalmic vein and cavernous sinus on the symptomatic side. Catheter angiography confirmed a direct carotid-cavernous fistula with intra- and extracranial venous drainage. Successful coil embolization of the fistula was performed with resolution of ...
Tsai Li-Kai - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To validate carotid duplex sonography (CDS) in diagnosis of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) against the standard of cerebral catheter angiography. METHODS: We investigated 35 patients with dural AVFs and 64 patients without dural AVFs confirmed by the catheter angiographic studies. Twenty CDS parameters in 4 categories, including resistive ...
Suzuki Yasuhiro - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Variations of the venous system affecting the surgical treatment of cerebral aneurysm were evaluated using three-dimensional computed tomography angiography (3D-CTA) to evaluate the essential aspects of preoperative diagnosis. METHODS: This study included 50 patients who underwent clipping of cerebral aneurysm through the pterional and trans-sylvan approaches. The 3D-CTA and ...
Nakamura M - - 2004
Summary: For the treatment of transvenous embolization (TVE) of dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) the sites of arteriovenous shunts, fistulous drainage, and the pathological changes inside the affected sinuses were explored in detail by means of preoperative arteriograms, superselective arteriograms, and superselective venograms. Out of 42 adult patients with DAVFs involving ...
Kawaguchi T - - 2004
Summary: We evaluated dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVF) drains into leptomeningeal vein (LMV) without the venous sinus interposition. This type of DAVF contained the extra-sinusal type DAVF and the DAVF with so-called pure leptomeningeal venous drainage (PLMVD).We studied 15 patients with DAVF that flows into LMVD without passing into the sinus. ...
Prochazka V - - 2004
Summary: We report on the endovascular treatment of the spontaneous indirect dural carotid cavernous sinus type D fistula in a 60-year-old woman, in whom ipsilateral facial, angular and superior ophthalmic veins catheterization was performed to get access to the fistula site for embolization treatment. Approach via the facial vein is ...
Oran I - - 2004
Summary: We describe a relatively unusual case of traumatic direct carotid-cavernous fistula in association with a giant intradural venous pouch and ipsilateral carotid dissection, related to carotid artery fistula located in the supraclinoid segment just below the origin of posterior communicating artery. Endovascular therapy could be accomplished by use of ...
Ozdöl Cağdaş - - 2004
Congenital coronary sinus anomalies are unusual and they rarely coexist with accessory atrioventricular pathways. These anomalies are generally asymptomatic, however they can cause difficulty in mapping. The association between accessory pathway and coronary sinus anomalies may suggest an embryologic link. In this case, we report a male patient with permanent ...
San Millán Ruíz Diego - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The termination of the superficial middle cerebral vein is classically assimilated to the sphenoid portion of the sphenoparietal sinus. This notion has, however, been challenged in a sometimes confusing literature. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the actual anatomic relationship existing between the sphenoparietal ...
Scholten M F - - 2004
Cannulation of the coronary sinus (CS) is sometimes difficult due to the presence of anatomical anomalies. Fluoroscopy is of limited value in visualizing these variations. This case is the first to demonstrate how intracardiac echocardiography (ICE) allows visualization of a valve, which is one of the causes of problematic cannulation ...
Delbrouck C - - 2004
Mucormycosis is a rare disorder with a potentially lethal course caused by an opportunistic fungus of the Phycomycetes family. Rhinocerebral mucormycosis (RCM) is an acute fulminant form of invasive fungal sinusitis occurring principally in individuals who are immunologically or metabolically compromised. This form originates from one of the paranasal sinuses ...
Duncan I C - - 2003
Summary: A minority of traumatic carotido-cavernous fistulas (CCF) are of the indirect variety, and then usually supplied only by meningeal branches of the ipsilateral external carotid artery (Type C).We describe a case of a Type D CCF due to traumatic injury of the inferolateral trunk (ILT), and describe its angiographic ...
Agid R - - 2004
There are multiple transvenous approaches for treatment of cavernous dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVF). The choice of a specific route depends on the compartment of the cavernous sinus involved in the fistula and its venous drainage. We used two different facial vein approaches to treat patients with cavernous DAVF draining directly ...
Manabe H - - 2003
A contralateral inferior petrosal sinus approach is described for the successful treatment of a case of a dural arteriovenous fistula at an isolated right jugular bulb presenting with chemosis. A microcatheter could be inserted into the right jugular bulb from the left jugular bulb through the left inferior petrosal sinus, ...
Gottfried Oren N - - 2003
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: We present a previously undescribed variant of the cavernous internal carotid artery (ICA) and review the literature concerning other variants of the cavernous ICA. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: The patient, a 53-year-old woman with fibromuscular dysplasia and multiple intracranial aneurysms, underwent cerebral angiography in preparation for clipping of a ...
Suzuki Yasuhiro - - 2003
A 67-year-old woman presented with a ruptured aneurysm of the left internal carotid artery bifurcation. Three-dimensional computed tomography angiography (3D-CTA) demonstrated the first segment of the basal vein of Rosenthal passing in front of the internal carotid artery and the anastomosis with the cavernous sinus, the partially hypoplastic second segment, ...
Hasdemir Can - - 2003
A case of sinus node dysfunction is reported secondary to severe sinus node artery obstruction 3 years after orthotopic heart transplantation. The patient first presented with frequent dizzy spells and presyncopal episodes for 3 months and then recurrent syncope in the presence of an acute myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography showed ...
Ng Perry P - - 2003
Interventional neuroradiology is a less invasive modality than open neurosurgery for the treatment of a wide range of neurovascular disorders. Refinements in technique and improvements in the design of microcatheters, guide wires, and embolic materials have yielded superior clinical outcomes and provided an impetus to treat more of these lesions ...
Quisling Susannah V - - 2003
PURPOSE: We report a patient with an enlarging internal carotid mycotic aneurysm secondary to septic cavernous sinus thrombosis presenting with acute visual loss. DESIGN: Single observational case report. METHODS: Retrospective review of the medical record and review of the literature. RESULTS: A 19-year-old man with residual left sixth nerve palsy ...
Stephan Christina L - - 2003
Inherited thrombophilia is a risk factor for dural sinus thrombosis (DST). To our knowledge, this is the first description with autopsy findings of a patient with DST associated with heterozygous factor V Leiden and a short activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT). A 51-year-old woman presented with a 3-day history of ...
Poon W L - - 2003
Summary: The development of a high-flow carotid-cavernous fistula from the rupture of a large cavernous aneurysm successfully embolized by coils is rare. A 50-year-old male patient developed a high-flow carotid-cavernous fistula 48 hours after successful coiling of a large left cavernous aneurysm, presumably due to rupture of a focal dissection ...
Berdajs Denis - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Our basic aim was to describe the topographic relation between the sinus node artery and the superior posterior border of the interatrial septum with regard to the sinus node dysfunction that follows the superior transseptal approach to the mitral valve. METHODS: During our study 50 human hearts without previous ...
Sayad Dany E - - 2003
Implantation of the LV lead for biventricular pacing can be challenging, time consuming, and often requires extensive fluoroscopy time. A conventional diagnostic 5 Fr left Amplatz catheter was used to cannulate the coronary sinus in 15 consecutive patients undergoing implantation of a biventricular pacemaker. When the coronary sinus was cannulated, ...
Feiner Leonard - - 2003
Direct and indirect carotid cavernous sinus fistulas are uncommon vascular anomalies that result in increased pressure in the cavernous sinus. The subsequent changes in blood flow lead to orbital venous congestion, cranial neuropathies, and glaucoma. The following review summarizes knowledge of the clinical features, natural history, diagnostic testing, and therapy ...
Stenquist Monika - - 2003
A previously healthy 13-year-old girl presented with a left-sided deep cervical abscess. A CT scan demonstrated an abscess in the lower neck, anterior to the common carotid artery. Treatment with i.v. antibiotics and incision drainage resolved the condition. A recurrence of the abscess 7 months later was treated identically. Further ...
Men Süleyman - - 2003
The authors report on a case in which a carotid-cavernous fistula and an associated cavernous-carotid dissection developed in a 48-year-old man following a motor vehicle accident. The fistula was treated with coil embolization via a combined transarterial-transvenous approach. The dissected carotid artery segment was treated with a balloon-expandable stent, which ...
Troffkin Neil A - - 2003
Dural arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) involving the tentoria-incisura are associated with an aggressive clinical course characterized by subarachnoid and intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). In these lesions, venous outflow obstruction precipitates leptomeningeal venous drainage, resulting in the arterialization of pial veins and the formation of venous aneurysms, both of which are prone to ...
Mock A L - - 2003
Two patients with functional single ventricle and a left superior vena cava, which drained to the coronary sinus, are presented. Each had undergone a Fontan modification that incorporated the coronary sinus into the Fontan pathway. Each developed severe right atrial and coronary sinus dilatation. Revision of a Fontan with an ...
Paksoy Yahya - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We attempted to identify the cause of abnormal venous flow seen during arterial MR angiography in the inferior petrosal sinus by use of in three female patients (aged 51, 48, and 70 years, respectively). METHODS: Arterial 3D time-of-flight MR angiography was performed with a tilted optimized nonsaturating ...
Loré Fausto - - 2003
The clinical manifestations of carotid cavernous fistula, an abnormal arteriovenous connection between the cavernous sinus and the carotid artery, can closely mimic the cardinal signs of Graves' ophthalmopathy, an inflammatory disorder of the orbit usually associated with autoimmune thyroid disease. Therefore, carotid cavernous fistulas are generally considered in the differential ...
Venturi C - - 2003
We describe a new approach for transvenous embolisation of cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistulae through the superior ophthalmic vein (SOV), i.e., via percutaneous cannulation of a frontal vein. Modern neurointerventional angiographic materials make it possible to reach the SOV in this way without puncturing it in the orbit or a ...
Sanden Ulrike - - 2003
Duplex sonography used as a primary diagnostic tool in the case of a 17-year-old boy with a traumatic head injury revealed bilateral carotid cavernous sinus fistulas, with bilateral dilated venous convolutions next to the carotid siphon and dilated superior ophthalmic veins. A bilateral craniectomy allowed visualization of the entire circle ...
Benndorf Goetz - - 2003
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVFs) not directly shunting into the cavernous sinus are an infrequent cause of visual dysfunction. An unusual case of a tentorial DAVF associated with visual symptoms related to dysfunction of the anterior and posterior visual pathway is presented. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 38-year-old woman with ...
Srougi Miguel - - 2003
OBJECTIVE: To describe the original cystoprostatectomy technique which allows the preservation of sexual and urinary function in the majority of treated patients. SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: The described technique presents some details that distinguish it from classic cystectomy: 1) a more efficient control of prostate venous and arterial tributaries; 2) preservation of ...
Horinaka N - - 2003
A 69-year-old female complained of headache and tinnitus. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and angiography showed a tumour in the right transverse sinus extending to the transverse-sigmoid sinus junction, a dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF), and right transverse-sigmoid sinus thrombosis with the downstream from the right sigmoid sinus involved by the ...
Biondi Alessandra - - 2003
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Dural Carotid Cavernous Fistulas (CCFs) can be treated by transarterial and/or transvenous endovascular techniques. The venous route usually goes through the internal jugular vein (IJV) and the inferior petrosal sinus (IPS) up to the pathologic shunts of the cavernous sinus. In case a thrombosed IPS, catheterization through ...
Lee Andrew G - - 2003
A 63-year-old man who underwent uneventful trans-sphenoidal resection of a pituitary adenoma with fat packing complained postoperatively of progressive binocular visual acuity loss. Neuroimaging showed a suprasellar pneumatocele compressing the optic chiasm and a communication between the sphenoid sinus and the sella. After a second trans-sphenoidal procedure to remove the ...
Ozdoğmuş O - - 2003
The carotico-clinoid foramen is the result of ossification either of the carotico-clinoid ligament or of a dural fold extending between the anterior and middle clinoid processes of the sphenoid bone. It is anatomically important due to its relations with the cavernous sinus and its content, sphenoid sinus and pituitary gland. ...
R. Kachhara, G. Menon, ...
We present two cases of carotid injury during transsphenoidal surgery for pituitary adenoma. While in one of the cases it resulted in the formation of a false aneurysm of cavernous carotid artery, in the other patient, a carotid cavernous fistula (CCF) formed. The false aneurysm was managed by surgical trapping ...
Kon Takashi - - 2003
A 46-year-old man presented with severe tension pneumocephalus triggered by mild head injury 7 years after craniotomy. He had a history of subarachnoid hemorrhage due to ruptured anterior communicating artery aneurysm, coating of the aneurysm performed via a craniotomy, and a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt inserted. He fell from bed in ...
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