Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 1086
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Møller Peter R - - 2007
A single hagfish (Myxinidae, Eptatretus) specimen was recently captured at a hydrothermal vent site on the East Pacific Rise (38 degrees S). This is the first capture of a member of the jawless fishes (agnathans) from a hydrothermal vent site. The specimen differs from all congeners by the very slender ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: There is minimal detailed information regarding the sphenoparietal venous sinus found in the extant medical literature. Furthermore, there is controversy in the literature regarding drainage of the Sylvian vein into this sinus. The sphenoparietal sinus can potentially be encountered with cranial base approaches near the lesser wing of the ...
Yamada Shoko M - - 2007
Carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) generally causes periorbital aching with ocular symptoms due to high venous pressure in the cavernous sinus, while migraine is caused by arterial dilatation-stimulating trigeminal nerves around the vessels. The authors present a case of 47-year-old woman with a 4-month history of a temporal throbbing headache. As her ...
Hashiguchi Akihito - - 2007
A 67-year-old man presented with devastating intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) from an anterior cranial fossa dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF). Four years earlier, digital subtraction angiography had disclosed a DAVF at the right anterior cranial fossa fed mainly by the ethmoidal branches of the bilateral sphenopalatine arteries and slightly by the ethmoidal ...
Chen, Zhi
Worsening of ocular symptoms in cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistulae (CSDAVF) is rarely due to superior ophthalmic vein (SOV) thrombosis after palliative transarterial embolization and may resolve spontaneously. We present a unique case of a 38-year-old female whose ocular symptoms worsened three days after palliative embolization. Repeat angiography revealed incomplete ...
Bassim Marc K - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe the endoscopic anatomy of the cavernous sinus and adjoining parasellar regions and their relationships to the sphenoid sinus. METHODS: An endoscopic transnasal transsphenoidal approach to the pituitary gland and posterior skull base was performed on three fresh frozen cadaver heads (six ...
Wladis Edward J - - 2007
Because of inability to access a cavernous-carotid fistula through conventional means, a superior ophthalmic vein approach was used to allow access for embolization. Although there was initially robust flow through both the fistula and the ophthalmic artery on angiography, the flow stopped during the procedure, and the patient was found ...
Srijit D - - 2007
The dural venous sinuses lie in between the two layers of the dura mater. The dural venous sinuses are important, because they receive blood from the brain and the cranial bones. All sinuses are related to the inner surface of the skull, except for the inferior sagittal and the straight ...
Finn Michael - - 2007
Dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVFs) are acquired direct arteriovenous shunts that often drain into the dural venous sinus. Treatment options generally involve disrupting the abnormal vascular conduits by using a combination of modalities, including surgical disconnection, radiosurgery, and transarterial and transvenous embolization. Often these modalities provide only partial treatment of fistulous ...
Westhout Franklin - - 2007
Lemierre syndrome is an extremely rare complication of mild-to-moderate pharyngeal infections. The authors present an unusual case of Lemierre syndrome in a 16-year-old boy with cavernous sinus thrombosis and right internal carotid artery narrowing without neurological sequelae, right subdural empyema, and cerebritis in the right temporal and occipital lobes. Neuroimaging ...
Hoshino Chisho - - 2007
A 56-year-old woman was admitted because of a high fever, right ptosis, chemosis, proptosis and ocular muscle palsy. Cranial MRI revealed a cavernous sinus thrombosis and a subarachnoid abscess. Carotid angio-gram demonstrated marked stenosis as well as aneurismal formation of the right internal carotid artery at the intracavernous portion. Chest ...
Miller Neil R - - 2007
A carotid-cavernous sinus fistula (CCF) is an abnormal communication between the cavernous sinus and the carotid arterial system. Some fistulas are characterized by a direct connection between the cavernous segment of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and the cavernous sinus, whereas others consist of a communication between the cavernous sinus ...
Wong G K C - - 2007
Dural transverse sinus arteriovenous fistulas with cortical venous drainage were associated with a high hemorrhagic risk. Dural transverse sinus arteriovenous dural fistulas could be treated by embolization (transarterial or transvenous), surgery or a combination of both. Transvenous packing of the diseased sinus was considered to be a less invasive and ...
Kurata A - - 2006
Summary: Transvenous occlusion of an affected sinus has become a standardized curative treatment for dural sinus arteriovenous fistula. A 57-yearold man with a left sigmoid sinus isolated dural AVF was successfully treated with tansarterial followed by transvenous embolization. Followup angiography one year and two months thereafter showed complete disappearance of ...
Park Jong-Seon JS Division of Cardiology, Department of Intemal Medicine, Yeung-nam University Hospital, Daegu, - - 2006
We report on a case of ischemic dysfunction of the sinus node as a complication after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty of the distal left circumflex artery. After local thrombolytic therapy in the sinus node artery, sinus node arterial flow was re-established and sinus node function normalized over the period of ...
Luo C-B - - 2007
We report a case of dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) of the transverse-sigmoid sinus presenting with intraventricular hemorrhage. Cerebellar infarction developed after transarterial embolization, and decompressive craniectomy was performed to relieve the mass effect. Through the bone window of the decompressive craniectomy, transcranial puncture of the transverse sinus and coil occlusion ...
Usinskiene Jurgita - - 2006
We report the case of a 25-year-old woman treated for a spontaneous carotid-cavernous fistula in a context of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome type IV. Embolization with a transvenous approach was achieved without complications; however, the patient died 72 hr later of massive intraperitoneal bleeding. At autopsy, no lesion of the digestive arteries ...
Mylniczenko Natalie D - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate differences in Hct between 2 venipuncture sites in captive and free-ranging sharks. ANIMALS: 32 healthy adult captive sharks (Carcharhinus melanopterus, Carcharhinus plumbeus, Stegastoma fasciatum, Orectolobus japonicus, and Triaenodon obesus) and 15 captured free-ranging adult sharks (Carcharhinus limbatus and Carcharhinus acronotus). PROCEDURES: Blood samples were collected from the ...
Zhang Xue-lin - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To review the presentations of intracranial venous sinus lesions in phase-contrast (PC) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and discuss the diagnostic value of this imaging modality for these lesions. METHODS: This study involved 52 patients with intracranial venous sinus lesions, including 21 with dural venous sinus malformation, 7 dural arteriovenous ...
Chibbaro S - - 2006
The optimal management of symptomatic cavernous sinus aneurysms remains controversial. Carotid occlusion is a simple procedure, but carries an ongoing risk of early and late stroke. Cerebral revascularisation is technically demanding and carries a risk of morbidity and mortality of around 10%. Eight patients treated with an extracranial-intracranial vascular bypass ...
Lawton Michael T - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To introduce the supratonsillar approach, an approach that traverses the tonsillobiventral fissure in a trajectory over the cerebellar tonsil to the inferior cerebellar peduncle, and to demonstrate the utility of this approach for resecting peduncular cavernous malformations. METHODS: Anatomy of the cerebellar tonsil and surrounding fissures, arteries, and veins ...
Rivet Dennis J - - 2006
Definitive endovascular treatment of dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) requires obliteration of the site of the fistula: either the diseased dural sinus or the pial vein. Access to this site is often limited by occlusion of the sinus proximal and distal to the segment containing the fistula. The authors describe a ...
Chan Y L - - 2006
A carotid cavernous fistula is an abnormal communication between the internal carotid artery and the cavernous sinus. Rarely, this communication is associated with a persistent primitive trigeminal artery, with or without a trigeminal artery aneurysm. We report a case of spontaneous carotid-trigeminal cavernous fistula in which the persistent trigeminal artery ...
Heye S - - 2006
A 48-year-old woman, with right-sided proptosis and decreased visual acuity, presented with acute left sensorimotor deficit. Recent ischemia in the right posterior watershed area was found on CT and MR imaging, as well as a right-sided medial sphenoid wing meningioma causing high-grade stenotic encasement of the cavernous portion of the ...
Arat Anil - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The endovascular treatment of a complex superior sagittal sinus dural arteriovenous fistula with ethylene vinyl alcohol copolymer (Onyx) in one session is described. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old man presented with dizziness and a bruit. A cerebral angiogram demonstrated a superior sagittal sinus dural arteriovenous fistula with a patent superior ...
Chi John H - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Resection of the anterior clinoid process is important for the exposure of aneurysms on clinoidal and supraclinoidal segments of the internal carotid artery. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea can complicate anterior clinoidectomy when the optic strut is pneumatized and its removal communicates the subarachnoid space with the sphenoid sinus. We ...
Das Sunit - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Carotid cavernous sinus fistulae are abnormal communications between the carotid circulation and cavernous sinus that may arise spontaneously or develop after craniocerebral trauma. They may present with a constellation of signs and symptoms characteristic of raised cavernous sinus pressure, including orbital or retro-orbital pain, pulsatile proptosis, chemosis, ocular or ...
Sakuma I - - 2006
We describe a patient with dural arteriovenous fistulas of the cavernous sinus (CS-dAVFs) who developed an intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) mimicking hypertensive putaminal haemorrhage. Drainage into the superior ophthalmic vein (SOV) and inferior petrosal sinus (IPS) was not demonstrated on cerebral angiography, and only cortical venous reflux into the Sylvian vein ...
Figueiredo Eberval Gadelha - - 2006
OBJECT: The management of wide-necked, giant, or unsuccessfully coil-treated basilar apex aneurysms requires a wide exposure, for both working area and linear visualization of the basilar artery (BA). Cranial-based approaches, such as the transcavernous approach, have been proposed to deal with such aneurysms; whether abbreviated forms of this approach might ...
Hanaoka Mami - - 2006
The authors describe a novel technique involving the use of a gooseneck snare for microcatheterization of isolated sinus dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs). In some patients the inferior petrosal and transverse-sigmoid sinuses, the route of transvenous embolization (TVE) for DAVF, are separated by several channels. Even if a guidewire can be ...
Hollands J K - - 2006
We report a case of a 34-year-old female with type IV Ehlers-Danlos syndrome diagnosed with a carotid cavernous fistula presenting with progressive proptosis. Endovascular embolization using balloons or coils carries a high risk of complications in this group of patients, owing to the extreme fragility of the blood vessels. Initial ...
Araujo Filho Bernardo Cunha - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: The anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA) is an important point of anatomical reference in order to locate the frontal sinus and the skull base. Notwithstanding, despite numerous endoscopic studies in cadavers, we still lack an anatomical study on the AEA in the western population. AIM: to determine reference points used ...
Ashwath Mahi Lakshmi - - 2006
A patient with minimal coronary artery disease presented in cardiogenic shock when her previously undiagnosed hypothyroid state was complicated by an episode of AV nodal re-entrant tachycardia. She did not respond to multiple pressors, and recovered dramatically after starting thyroid supplementation. Hypothyroidism caused her lack of responsiveness to pressors and ...
Shoja M M - - 2006
Folds of the meningeal layer of the dura mater, the falx cerebri and tentorium cerebelli, traverse the vertebrate intracranial cavity and thus compartmentalise the brain. The falx cerebelli, another dural fold, is found in the posterior cranial fossa and attaches to the inferior aspect of the tentorium cerebelli and to ...
Haetinger Rainer G - - 2006
Basilar expansion of the sphenoidal sinus (BESS) was studied in order to demonstrate its critical relevance in endoscopic or microscopic endonasal surgical interventions, including access to the sphenoidal sinus itself or in transsphenoidal pituitary approaches. Direct evaluation of anatomical specimens (25 dry skulls and 25 formalin-fixed hemi heads) and the ...
Martins Carolina - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To define the characteristics of the arachnoidal sleeve and cistern that accompany the oculomotor nerve through the cavernous sinus roof. METHODS: Forty cavernous sinuses were examined using 3 to 40x magnification. Information was obtained about the size of the oculomotor cistern and its relationship to the roof of the ...
Bateman Grant A - - 2006
Twenty-four patients with a clinical diagnosis of idiopathic intracranial hypertension underwent standard magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. On the basis of MR venography, two groups of patients could be identified: (i) one group with an intrinsic venous outflow obstruction (intrinsic); and (ii) a non-intrinsically obstructed (extrinsic) group. MRI flow quantification studies ...
Millar D Anderson - - 2006
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to determine the location of the natural ostium of the sphenoid sinus relative to the intact superior turbinate. METHODS: Forty-seven cadaveric specimens were examined. Mucosa over the sphenoethmoidal recess, superior turbinate, and posterior ethmoid was left intact. The position of the sphenoid sinus natural ostium ...
Mazo Evsey - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: There is considerable clinical and scientific evidence that endothelial dysfunction may be an important clinical link connecting erectile dysfunction (ED) with cardiovascular diseases. AIMS: To modify the method of assessment of endothelial function of cavernosal arteries, to develop a new algorithm for evaluating its results, and to investigate the ...
Newman-Toker David E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A 90-year-old woman presented to a hospital emergency department with a brief loss of consciousness that was heralded by spinning vertigo lasting approximately 2 min. She had a long history of intermittent brief episodes of rotatory vertigo, presyncope, and non-vertiginous dizziness, occurring either with or without loss of consciousness. ...
Erdogmus Senem - - 2006
Knowledge of variations in the possible patterns of origins, courses, and distributions of the ethmoidal arteries are necessary for the diagnosis and important for the treatment of orbital disorders. Ethmoidal arteries are damaged in endonasal surgical interventions and in operations performed on the inner wall of the orbita.A description of ...
Horowitz M - - 2006
This case report demonstrates delayed rupture of a cavernous carotid fistula and aneurysm into the temporal lobe 12 years after treating a direct cavernous carotid artery fistula using detachable silicon balloons. The ultimate treatment was performed using arterial endovascular sacrifice. Successful treatment of cavernous carotid fistulas may ultimately lead to ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2006
OBJECT: Descriptions of the marginal venous sinus are lacking in the extant medical literature. The aim of this study was to characterize the anatomy of this intracranial venous sinus. METHODS: The authors examined the marginal sinuses in 15 adult cadavers following the injection of latex into the intracranial venous system. ...
Melgar Miguel A - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Bilateral carotid artery occlusion associated with lymphocytic hypophysitis is exceedingly rare. We describe this association and review the literature. METHODS: The authors describe a 38-year-old woman with a history of severe headaches. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging showed an intrasellar mass with invasion of both cavernous sinuses. Lymphocytic hypophysitis was ...
Mazo E - - 2006
The aim of the present study was to examine the effect of new phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor vardenafil on endothelial function of cavernous and brachial arteries in healthy men and in patients with different forms of erectile dysfunction (ED). This prospective, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was performed on 135 men with ...
Kanzaki S - - 2006
We report a case of sinolith in the left ethmoid sinus of a 61-year-old man. The patient complained of nasal obstruction. Computed tomography revealed a small, calcified mass associated with a nasal polyp in the left ethmoid sinus. The antrolith and polyp were removed via endoscopic sinus surgery. Histopathological analysis ...
Zhong Jing-Quan - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To assess the value of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) as an image guide in placing a coronary sinus catheter into the coronary sinus. METHODS: Sixty consecutive patients undergoing electrophysiologic study were randomized to TTE (30 patients, "TTE group") or x-ray fluoroscopy (30 patients, "x-ray group") as an image guide to ...
Tatewaki Y - - 2006
Summary: Aneurysmal rupture of the intra-cavernous carotid artery may cause idiopathic carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF), and the treatment choice for occluding shunting fistula in this type of CCF is an endovascular approach using detachable balloons. However, little has been reported on treating such lesions with the intra-aneurysmal embolization using Guglielmi detachable ...
Petrescu CodruĊ£a Ileana - - 2006
The importance of the sinus node as the cardiac pacemaker is well known. The aim of the present study was to investigate the microangioarchitecture at the level of the sinus node. Ten human adult hearts were injected with India ink in the initial segments of the coronary arteries. Pieces were ...
van Rooij W J - - 2006
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In this study, we present our experience with 11 patients with ruptured cavernous sinus aneurysms causing carotid cavernous fistulas (CCFs), to assess the incidence of ruptured cavernous sinus aneurysms causing CCFs and evaluate clinical presentations, treatments, and outcomes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During a 10-year period, 10 of ...
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