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Results 201 - 250 of 1086
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Dolenc Vinko V - - 2008
With his anatomical studies of the parasellar space, the so-called cavernous sinus (CS), Taptas opened Pandora's box more than 60 years ago. Parkinson continued the anatomical studies, and operated on vascular lesions in the CS with the help of extracorporeal circulation. The need for endovascular treatment of intracavernous internal carotid ...
Xuan Xujun - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: To assess the role of color Doppler flow imaging (CDFI) in the evaluation of Chinese patients with erectile dysfunction (ED) and to explore the association between penile rigidity and hemodynamic parameters of CDFI. METHODS: Totally 74 ED patients with an age range of 22-69 (median age 47) were included ...
Mathur Ranjana - - 2008
A 62-year-old Chinese man was found to have a mass in the right superior orbit and mild fullness in right cavernous sinus associated with minimal proptosis. Carotid artery angiography revealed a vascular tumor in the superior orbit with supply from the internal and external carotid arteries. Selective embolization of the ...
White James Bradley - - 2008
INTRODUCTION: Magnetic resonance venography (MRV) is a non-invasive imaging modality that is used in many centers to supplant conventional cerebral digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for the diagnosis of dural venous sinus thrombosis. DISCUSSION: We present the case of a pregnant female diagnosed with dural venous sinus thrombosis by serial time-of-flight ...
Anh D J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: The precise reasons for failure to cannulate the coronary sinus during biventricular device implantation are unknown. Visualization of the coronary sinus ostium during electrophysiology procedures may enhance understanding of how unusual anatomy can affect successful cannulation of the coronary sinus. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe ...
Badilla Jaime - - 2007
Many embolization procedures have been described for the treatment of cavernous dural fistulas, including direct superior ophthalmic vein cannulation. Sometimes thrombosis of the superior ophthalmic vein or an anatomic variant will not allow its cannulation. Herein, we describe a case of a cavernous dural fistula in which an anteriorly narrowed ...
Orbay Hakan - - 2007
The maxillary artery can be injured during procedures in the subcondylar portion of the mandible. Thorough knowledge of this region is mandatory to avoid accidental puncture of the maxillary artery, which can lead to profuse bleeding that is hard to control. In 16 halves of eight embalmed cadaver heads, the ...
Nof Eyal - - 2008
AIMS: To compare different coronary sinus (CS) leads and delivery systems (DSs) for left ventricular pacing. METHODS AND RESULTS: Delivery systems-related (including CS dissection and dislocations during sheath/stylet removal) and lead-related (including failure to accomplish implantations and long-term malfunctions resulting in abandonment or repositioning/replacing of the lead) complications between systems ...
Lucas César de Paula Cde - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Anatomic and clinical cure of dural arteriovenous malformations (DAVM) with isolated sinus is difficult to achieve by endovascular means without previous surgical exposure. We propose a new management technique using a new liquid embolic agent (ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer [Onyx-18]; ev3 Inc., Plymouth, MN) via an endoarterial approach that would ...
Martinez-Fernandez E - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Carotid sinus syncope may occur acutely during internal carotid artery angioplasty (CA). We performed this study to investigate the clinical, electroencephalographic (EEG), and hemodynamic features of carotid sinus syncope induced by CA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1992 and 2003, clinical, EEG, and cardiovascular monitoring was performed in ...
Kotoku Munenori - - 2007
We examined the frequency of side-branch occlusion of the sinus node (SN) artery and of the subsequent sinus arrest in 80 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for proximal right coronary artery (RCA) lesions. Side-branch occlusion of the SN artery occurred during PCI in 14 (17.5%) patients. Sinus ...
Hirai T - - 2008
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Differentiation between paraclinoid and cavernous sinus aneurysms of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is critical when considering treatment options. The purpose of this study was to determine whether contrast-enhanced (CE) 3D constructive interference in steady state (CISS) MR imaging is useful to differentiate between paraclinoid and cavernous ...
Michels Kevin S - - 2007
A 76-year-old woman presented with an acute onset of right periocular pain, diplopia, ocular injection, progressive proptosis, and periocular swelling. She had an unremarkable past medical history, and the erythrocyte sedimentation rate and complete blood count were normal. A carotid-cavernous sinus fistula was suspected, and an MRI demonstrated enlargement of ...
Fraioli Mario Francesco - - 2007
This article outlines the surgical technique and the indications for the lateral transmaxillosphenoidal approach, which is illustrated by an index case. A 27-year-old woman presented with a trigeminal sensory deficit caused by a dermoid tumor occupying the lateral compartment of her right cavernous sinus. A lateral transmaxillosphenoidal approach was performed, ...
Li Li - - 2007
Recent studies have suggested that oxidative stress may be involved in the development of arterial aneurysms. Xanthine oxidase is implicated in the generation of reactive oxygen species under pathological conditions in the cardiovascular system, and increased xanthine oxidase activity has been reported in human aortic aneurysms. We, therefore, studied the ...
Bruneau Michaël - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Transcranial approaches for transsinusal endovascular therapy of DAVF have been sporadically reported by large craniectomies. Large craniectomies carry nevertheless a risk of postembolization extradural hematoma, reduced by delaying the endovascular procedure. We report a 1-session technique of SIGC for percutaneous transvenous DAVF embolization. CASE DESCRIPTION: This 58-year-old woman developed ...
Attenhofer Jost Christine H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To analyze symptoms, associated anomalies, diagnostic approach, and surgical procedures in patients with partial fenestrations of the coronary sinus, a rare congenital disorder. BACKGROUND: Partial fenestrations of the walls that usually separate the coronary sinus from the left atrium, also known as partial unroofing of the coronary sinus, may ...
Argo Antonina - - 2008
The authors report about an unexpected death by traumatic lesion of the internal carotid artery in a 30-year-old man who had fallen two metres. The man suffered a fracture of the left maxillary sinus and a fracture of the right orbit with bilateral haemorrhage of the maxillary sinus. Surgical treatment ...
Adachi Masamitsu - - 2007
Previously, complications associated with the placement of the left ventricular pacing lead were reported in 1.9-6% of cases. We describe a case with a stripping of venous intima from the coronary sinus by a guidewire during a left ventricular lead implantation. Judging from this case, the firm guidewire and coronary ...
Chen Zhi - - 2007
Worsening of ocular symptoms in cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistulae (CSDAVF) is rarely due to superior ophthalmic vein (SOV) thrombosis after palliative transarterial embolization and may resolve spontaneously. We present a unique case of a 38-year-old female whose ocular symptoms worsened three days after palliative embolization. Repeat angiography revealed incomplete ...
Wang Hung-Jung - - 2007
The newly developed 64-multidetector-row computed tomography (MDCT) prompted us to evaluate coronary angiography using this noninvasive method. We reviewed 281 images of MDCT coronary angiography in Taiwanese. The origins of the coronary arteries were identified from the luminal aspect of the aorta. We described them as seen from the aortic ...
Turner R D - - 2007
Marginal sinus fistulas (MSFs) are uncommon vascular anomalies. Occasionally, the dominant venous drainage is forced retrograde up the inferior petrosal sinus and into the cavernous sinus, causing chemosis, proptosis, and ocular hypertension, mimicking a carotid cavernous fistula. This atypical clinical presentation may lead to misdiagnosis and inappropriate hazardous treatment of ...
Sugiu Kenji - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Dural arteriovenous fistulae involving the transverse-sigmoid sinus, which is occluded at its proximal and distal ends (i.e., an isolated sinus), carry a high risk of intracranial hemorrhage or progressive neurological deficits. Although transvenous coil embolization is a useful and safe treatment for such lesions, it is often difficult to ...
Krayenbühl Niklaus - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Improved understanding of the microsurgical anatomy of the cranial base region has made surgery in and through the cavernous sinus safer. However, continuous venous oozing that occurs during cavernous sinus surgery can cause significant blood loss and poor visualization. We describe a technique that will help minimize cavernous sinus ...
Sekhar Laligam N - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Various techniques have been used to stop venous bleeding from the epidural space, vertebral venous plexus, and cavernous sinus. Here, we describe our experience with the use of fibrin glue to stop venous bleeding in these areas. METHODS: During the last 8 years, the senior author (LNS) has used ...
Inui Toshitaka - - 2007
A 49-year-old female presented with a rare giant schwannoma arising from the dura mater of the middle fossa manifesting as loss of left visual acuity. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a heterogeneously enhanced giant mass in the left middle fossa. Surgery via the transsylvian approach confirmed the origin of the tumor ...
Tubbs R S - - 2007
Variations of the intracranial venous sinuses are important to the surgeon during intraoperative procedures and to the clinician during imaging interpretation. We report a male cadaver found to have a rare venous sinus variation. In all likelihood, this sinus corresponded to the rarely reported accessory venous sinus of Hyrtl. The ...
White J B - - 2007
This report describes a series of patients for whom dural arteriovenous fistulae (DAVFs) of the cavernous sinus were successfully embolized using a percutaneous, transorbital technique to directly cannulate the cavernous sinus. A vascular access needle and catheter are percutaneously advanced along the inferolateral aspect of the orbit to access the ...
Inoue Tomoo - - 2007
A 76-year-old man presented with a cavernous sinus (CS) dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF) associated with the development of a meningioma without venous sinus occlusion. Initial digital subtraction angiography did not reveal the CS dural AVF, which appeared simultaneously with the enlargement of the meningioma and lead to right oculomotor nerve ...
Das Jayanta Kr - - 2007
A carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) is an abnormal communication between the cavernous sinus and the carotid arterial system. A CCF is divided into two categories, direct and indirect. Direct fistulas usually account for 70 to 90% of all CCF. Spontaneous, low-flow fistulas are usually associated with atherosclerosis, hypertension and collagen vascular ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2007
OBJECT: The superior and inferior sagittal sinuses have been well studied. Interestingly, other venous structures within the falx cerebri have received scant attention in the medical literature. The present study was performed to elucidate the presence and anatomy of these midline structures. METHODS: The authors examined 27 adult latex- or ...
Lippert Burkard M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Damage of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is very rare but can be a dramatic complication of endonasal sinus surgery. In the literature only a few cases are reported, some of them with fatal results. METHODS: We present two cases with massive bleeding of the ICA caused by endonasal ...
San Millán Ruíz Diego - - 2007
We present a novel access for transvenous embolization of a dural arteriovenous fistula of the laterocavernous sinus through the external jugular vein and the pterygoid plexus. The anatomy of the laterocavernous sinus is reviewed, and its clinical implications discussed in light of the case of a patient whose management was ...
McDonald S E - - 2008
AIM: This study investigated the extent to which the anterior ethmoidal artery and anterior ethmoidal foramen could be reliably identified on routine coronal sinus computed tomography scans. Where they could be identified, the relationship of these structures with the vertical height of the skull base, and their distance from an ...
Ahmeto─člu A - - 2007
Intracranial lipomas are rare lesions. Intracranial lipoma associated with a subcutaneous lipoma is extremely rare. Various vascular abnormalities have been described in association with intracranial lipoma, including distension, kinking, or narrowing of arteries and veins; arteriovenous malformation; and aneurysm. To our knowledge, association of sagittal sinus fenestration, falcine sinus, and ...
Mitsuhashi Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The inferior petrosal sinus (IPS) is the main transvenous access route used to examine or treat lesions involving the cavernous sinus. To carry out these procedures successfully, one must have a detailed knowledge of the anatomy of the venous system around the junction of the IPS and ...
Yu Simon C H - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: We report our experience gaining access to the cavernous sinus via transfacial catheterization of the superior ophthalmic vein through the angular or retromandibular vein. We evaluate the viability of this approach as a safe and convenient alternative pathway for transvenous embolization of the cavernous sinus. METHODS: This is a ...
Watson R R - - 2007
Arterialized blood flow in the cavernous sinus may result from carotid-cavernous fistula or dural venous fistula. We encountered an unusual case of arterialized blood flow in the cavernous sinus on MR angiography resulting from arterialized retrograde venous flow in the internal jugular vein. This abnormal flow originated from an upper ...
Kurosu Akihiro - - 2007
A 37-year-old man presented with perimesencephalic non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage associated with cavernous sinus thrombosis. Anticoagulant therapy was administered to treat the cavernous sinus thrombosis, but provoked severe intracranial hemorrhage, severely disabling the patient. Perimesencephalic non-aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage is a benign clinical entity with generally good prognosis, but the association with ...
Postorino Claudia - - 2007
We report the case of a 60-year-old male with recurrent pre-syncope, referred with a provisional diagnosis of carotid sinus syndrome on the basis of a 4 s asystolic pause following carotid sinus massage. On repeat Holter monitoring there was ST-segment elevation followed by episodes of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia during a ...
Zhou Liang-Fu - - 2007
Dural arteriovenous fistula of the sphenobasilar sinus is a true but rare lesion that connects the meningeal arteries from both the external and internal carotid arteries to the superficial middle cerebral vein (SMCV) and dural sinus. It must be distinguished from other dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) of the middle cranial ...
Kan Peter - - 2007
A 27-year-old man developed an unruptured anterior-inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) feeding aneurysm from a transverse-sigmoid dural arteriovenous malformation. The patient, with a known history of left transverse and sigmoid sinus thrombosis, presented with pulse-synchronous tinnitus. Angiography revealed an extensive dural arteriovenous fistula (AVF), with feeders from both the extracranial and ...
Tubbs R Shane - - 2007
Persistence of fetal intracranial arteries is rare. We review this anatomical literature regarding the persistence of the trigeminal artery and discuss the findings in two cadaveric cases both found to harbor this vessel. This anomaly should be considered by the clinician and anatomist who view imaging of the skull base. ...
Shaibani Ali - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Carotid cavernous fistulae are abnormal communications between the carotid artery system and the cavernous sinus. Endovascular treatment is the treatment of choice, but because of their heterogeneous etiology and anatomy, an appropriate treatment plan must be tailored for each patient. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 77-year-old diabetic woman presented with rapid ...
Matsubara S S Department of Neurosurgery, Chikushi Hospital, Fukuoka University - - - 2007
We present an alternative endovascular approach to treat dural carotid cavernous fistulae (dural CCF) that drain only into the superior ophthalmic vein. Four cases of cavernous dural AVFs that could not be treated via the inferior petrosal vein were accessed via the direct superficial temporal vein approach through the superior ...
Kiura Y Y Department of Neurosurgery, Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan - - - 2007
Dural arteriovenous fistulas involving the transverse-sigmoid sinus (T-S dAVFs) are sometimes isolated because this affected sinus is often thrombosed. It is difficult to perform to microcatheter cannulation to the isolated sinus through the thrombosed portion. We are now treating these T-S dAVFs by transfemoral transvenous embolization via the ipsilateral side ...
Jha Neerod K - - 2008
Coronary artery to coronary sinus fistula (CACSF) in association with stenosis of coronary sinus (CS) ostium and retrograde drainage via persistent left superior vena cava (LSVC) is an extremely rare anomaly presenting in the neonatal period. We report herein a 2-day-old boy with similar anomalies, who presented to us with ...
Krishnakumar N - - 2007
A 25-year old acyanotic lady with unclear pulmonary venous drainage and a dilated coronary sinus was catheterized. Left pulmonary veins drained into coronary sinus in a left pulmonary vein angiogram done through the coronary sinus with a National Institute of Health 7F catheter. After the angiogram, the catheter got entrapped ...
Okahara M M Department of Radiology, Shinbeppu Hospital - - - 2007
The hypoglossal canal contains a venous plexus that connects the inferior petrous sinus, condylar vein, jugular vein and paravertebral plexus. The venous plexus is one of the venous drainage routes of the posterior skull base. Only a few cases of dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) involving the hypoglossal canal have been ...
Kashimura Hiroshi - - 2007
A 72-year-old woman presented with meningothelial meningioma causing obstruction of the superior sagittal sinus (SSS). Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated the lesion in the left occipital parasagittal region and a linear vascular structure in the posterior falx extending from the vein of Galen to the SSS. Cerebral angiography demonstrated obstruction of ...
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