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Borgeat K K Clinical Science and Services, Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, AL9 7TA; Highcroft Veterinary Referrals, Bristol, BS14 - - 2014
The outcome in dogs with pulmonary hypertension associated with natural Angiostrongylus vasorum infection is unclear. This study aimed to report long-term outcome of dogs with A. vasorum and pulmonary hypertension, and to evaluate factors associated with pulmonary hypertension development. It was hypothesised that dogs with pulmonary hypertension had a shorter ...
Malliaris Stephanie D SD New York, N.Y. From the Division of Plastic Surgery and the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Columbia University Medical Center, New York-Presbyterian - - 2014
Neointimal hyperplasia is a common cause of vein graft failure resulting from luminal narrowing and occlusion. Cilostazol is a U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved phosphodiesterase III and platelet aggregation inhibitor commonly used in peripheral vascular disease. The authors studied whether topical cilostazol treatment at the time of vein grafting helps ...
Tobisch Alexander A Department of General, Visceral and Thoracic Surgery, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
We report the case of a 65-year-old patient with esophageal necrosis that developed after thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) of a previously stented, ruptured chronic type B aortic dissection. The cause of this complication may have been related to an infected mediastinal hematoma causing esophageal compression. Emergent esophagectomy was performed ...
de Moreuil Claire C Département de Médecine Interne et Pneumologie, CHRU de Brest, France. Electronic address: - - 2014
Post-sternotomy mediastinitis, a nosocomial infection mostly caused by staphylococci, can be life-threatening. A case of mediastinitis due to Finegoldia magna after a coronary artery bypass graft surgery was reviewed. Although this bacterium is difficult to be isolated from routine blood cultures, a Finegoldia magna bacteriemia associated with mediastinitis was diagnosed.
Prinsen Jan-Hein S JH Department of Vascular Surgery, Jeroen Bosch Hospital, 's-Hertogenbosch, the - - 2014
We present a case of an endovascular aneurysm repair for a Q-fever-infected acute abdominal aortic aneurysm with aortocaval fistula. Type 2 endoleak persisted after successful endovascular repair.
Uurto Ilkka I Divisions of Vascular Surgery and Urology, Department of Surgery, Tampere University Hospital, Tampere, Finland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To evaluate the biocompatibility of a new muraglitazar-eluting polylactide copolymer stent and investigate its ability to prevent the formation of intimal hyperplasia. Ten self-expandable muraglitazar-eluting poly-96l/4d-lactic acid (PLA96) stents and 10 self-expandable control PLA96 stents were implanted into porcine common iliac arteries. After 28 days follow-up, all stent-implanted iliac arteries ...
Aoki Takuma T Laboratory of Veterinary Surgery I, School of Veterinary Medicine, Azabu - - 2014
Infective endocarditis (IE) in dogs with cardiac shunts has not been reported previously. However, we encountered a dog with concurrent patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and IE. The dog was a 1-year-old, 13.9-kg female Border collie and presented with anorexia, weight loss, pyrexia (40.4°C) and lameness. A continuous murmur with maximal ...
Bravo-Valenzuela Nathalie J M NJ Fetal Cardiology Unit, Institute of Cardiology, Porto Alegre, Brazil; University of Taubate, São Paulo, - - 2014
To test the hypothesis that the pulmonary vein pulsatility index (PVPI) is higher in fetuses with growth restriction (IUGR) than in normal fetuses METHODS: Twenty- two fetuses with IUGR and twenty-one (21) fetuses with appropriate growth for gestational age from healthy mothers were studied. PVPI was calculated by Doppler echocardiography ...
Ram R R Department of Nephrology, Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati, - - 2014
A 45-year-old male on maintenance hemodialysis through right radio cephalic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) also had mitral regurgitation. He presented with fever and chills of 2 days duration along with pain and swelling at median cubital fossa of right upper limb. Local examination revealed warmth, redness, and tenderness at median cubital ...
Nomoto Hiroaki H Division of Gastroenterology, Department of Medicine, Jichi Medical University, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Shimotsuke, Tochigi, 329-0498, - - 2014
Pulmonary complications of ulcerative colitis (UC) are relatively rare. Generally, pulmonary lesions with cavity formation are difficult to distinguish from infections or Wegener's granulomatosis lesions. A 15-year-old female with no remarkable past medical history had multiple pulmonary nodules on chest X-ray. Since empirical treatment with wide-spectrum antibiotics did not improve ...
Dua Anahita A Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, - - 2014
Infected popliteal aneurysms are a rare but high-risk pathology that may present as a surgical emergency with acute rupture and sepsis. Management of acute ischemia in the presence of systemic sepsis is challenging and requires timely diagnosis, rapid intervention, and multidisciplinary communication to ensure an optimum outcome for both life ...
Pepe Daniel L DL Division of General Surgery, Department of Surgery, Schulich School of Medicine, Western University, London, Ontario, - - 2014
In this report we describe a previously healthy 36-year-old man who presented with septic shock secondary to bacterial endocarditis with multiple cerebral, mesenteric, and peripheral embolic phenomena. He underwent emergent porcine prosthetic valve replacement with aortic annular reconstruction. Subsequently, he developed recalcitrant Candida parapsilosis endocarditis requiring treatment with multiple antifungal ...
Courtney Cynthia L CL Yerkes National Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA; Department of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, School of Medicine and Emory Vaccine Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, - - 2014
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) has been identified as a serious complication of HIV infection. Here, we report sudden death in two pigtailed macaques (Macaca nemestrina) chronically infected (~1-2 years post-infection) with an R5 SHIV strain. At necropsy, total occlusion of the pulmonary artery by a large fibrin thrombus was present in ...
Venco Luigi L Veterinary Hospital Città di Pavia, viale Cremona 179, 27100 Pavia, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite the term "heartworm disease" Dirofilaria immitis infection in dogs should be considered a pulmonary arterial disease that might only involve the right heart structures in its late stage. Chronic infection by adult heartworms in dogs results in proliferative endoarteritis leading to progressively increasing pulmonary artery pressure due to reduced ...
Nabati Maryam M Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, - - 2014
Left atrial dissection (LatD), defined as the forced separation of the left atrial (LA) wall layers by blood, is a rare and severe complication of cardiac surgery. It is most frequently associated with atrioventricular junction injuries. We report a case of infected LatD after coronary artery bypass graft, mitral valve ...
Cheng Zhaoping Z Department of Radiology, Shandong Medical Imaging Research Institute, Shandong University, Jingwu Road No 324, Jinan 250021, - - 2014
Cardiovascular syphilis is associated with the tertiary stage of syphilis infection; it involves the ascending aorta and can cause aortic aneurysm, aortic regurgitation, and coronary ostial stenosis. We report here a case in which bilateral coronary ostial stenosis and aortic regurgitation due to syphilitic aortitis was diagnosed; coronary artery bypass ...
Raju Vijayakumar V 1Department of Cardiovascular Surgery,Boston Children Hospital,Harvard Medical School,Boston,Massachusetts,United States of - - 2014
Transposition of the great arteries is a common congenital heart defect causing cyanosis in neonates, occurring in 0.2 per 1000 live births. It has been reported to occur with other associated congenital heart lesions. However, its association with a superior sinus venosus defect and partially anomalous pulmonary venous return has ...
Thadani Samir R SR Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, - - 2014
Transposition of the great arteries is marked by ventriculo-arterial discordance and occurs in 2 distinct subtypes. Echocardiography is the primary method of evaluating this condition in the adult. Key elements of the echocardiographic exam include confirming the diagnosis, evaluating ventricular size and function, assessing valvular regurgitation, identifying atrial baffle leaks ...
Sachdeva Ankush - - 2014
The name mycotic aneurysm was coined by Osler to describe aneurysms associated with bacterial endocarditis with an appearance of fresh fungal vegetations; however majority of them are caused by bacteria. Mycotic aneurysm (MA) is a rare complication of infective endocarditis (IE), seen in 3-15% of IE patients.
Koshiyama Hiroshi H Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Chiba Children's Hospital, Chiba, - - 2014
A 9-month-old boy with polysplenia, double-outlet right ventricle (DORV), transposition of the great arteries (TGA), a large ventricular septal defect (VSD), straddling mitral valve, pulmonary stenosis (PS), and a normal-sized pulmonary annulus underwent ventricular septation at the right side of the straddling mitral chord as well as an en bloc ...
Tsukashita Masaki M Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New - - 2014
Aortic injury during central venous catheter (CVC) insertion is an extremely rare complication. We report successful repair of an iatrogenic type A aortic dissection caused during mediport catheter insertion and discuss the prevention and management of aortic injury during CVC placement.
Kim Tae Sik TS Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Sejong General Hospital, Sejong Heart Institute, Bucheon City, Republic of - - 2014
The presence of accessory left atrial chordae tendineae inserting into the mitral valve leaflet is extremely rare. Two long and thin accessory chordae tendineae, one arising from the left atrial dome and the other from the inferior interatrial septum, were incidentally identified during corrective surgery for severe mitral regurgitation from ...
Sinelnikov Yuri S YS Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Novosibirsk State Research Institute of Circulation Pathology, Novosibirsk, - - 2014
Anatomical correction of transposition of the great arteries (TGA) with an intramural coronary artery is associated with high risk of coronary complications such as vessel injury and stenosis. Here, we report on a case of left main coronary artery stenting in a neonate with single coronary artery after repair for ...
Cohen David D Internal Medicine Resident at The Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University (Rhode Island - - 2014
Recent studies have shown that the incidence of bloodstream infections (BSIs) associated with arterial catheters (ACs) is comparable to that of central venous catheters (CVCs). In 2011, the CDC published guidelines recommending the use of limited barrier precautions during AC insertion. The goal of this study was to assess the ...
Mitropoulos F A FA Department of Paediatric and Congenital Cardiac Surgery, Onassis Cardiac Surgery Centre, Athens, - - 2014
The case is presented of a previously healthy infant with a known asymptomatic bicuspid aortic valve who developed fungal endocarditis. The patient underwent aortic root replacement with a pulmonary autograft (Ross procedure). Cultured operative material revealed Aspergillus infection. The patient had an excellent recovery and remained well one year later.
Goswami Umesh U Department of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, - - 2014
Septic pulmonary embolism is a serious but uncommon syndrome posing diagnostic challenges because of its broad range of clinical presentation and etiologies. To understand the clinical and radiographic associations of septic pulmonary embolism in patients presenting to an acute care safety net hospital. We conducted a retrospective analysis of imaging ...
Govedarski V - - 2014
The success of all vascular interventions depends mainly on the chosen strategy and access, especially in patients with severe co-morbidities, preceding operations or infection. In these cases the combination of retroperitoneal approach and extra-anatomical bypasses makes the revascularization possible. We present a clinical case of a patient after radiotherapy, peritonitis ...
Kuroda Fuminobu F Department of Respiratory Medicine, Chibaken Saiseikai Narashino Hospital, - - 2014
Objective We aimed to investigate the incidence and clinical characteristics of nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) pulmonary disease as a complication of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Methods We conducted a retrospective study of 10 cases (5.6%) complicated by NTM pulmonary disease among 180 CTEPH patients. Results Isolated species of avium (n=5), ...
Perera Kalpa G KG Department of Vascular Surgery, Eastern Health, Box Hill, VIC, Australia - - 2014
We present a case of a 73-year-old gentleman with an aortic endograft infection post endovascular abdominal aneurysm repair (EVAR), from whence erosion has come in from an acutely inflamed appendix. To our best understanding, there is no similar case published in the literature. Intra-operatively, there was obvious inflammation and oedema ...
Marchione Pasquale P Neurovascular Diagnosis Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences and Biotechnology - Section of Neurology, Sapienza, University of Rome, Rome, Italy; Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Neurological Centre of Latium - Institute of Neurosciences, Rome, - - 2014
Although recent studies excluded an association between Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency and Multiple Sclerosis (MS), controversial results account for some cerebrovascular haemodynamic impairment suggesting a dysfunction of cerebral autoregulation mechanisms. The aim of this cross-sectional, case-control study is to evaluate cerebral arterial inflow and venous outflow by means of a ...
Maitrias Pierre P Department of Vascular Surgery, Amiens University Hospital, Amiens, - - 2013
Closed dislocation of the knee with complete popliteal rupture is an uncommon injury. It requires prompt recognition and treatment to prevent limb loss. We describe a case of acute ischemia caused by complete knee dislocation with rupture of the popliteal artery that was successfully repaired with superficial femoral artery transposition. ...
Gupta Saurabh Kumar SK 1 Department of Cardiology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2013
We report a case of pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum, but in the setting of transposed great arteries, and thus the left rather than the right ventricle was hypoplastic.
Tarjuelo-Gutierrez J J Bioengineering and Telemedicine Centre, ETSI de Telecomunicación, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Madrid, Spain, - - 2013
In order to perform finite element (FE) analyses of patient-specific abdominal aortic aneurysms, geometries derived from medical images must be meshed with suitable elements. We propose a semi-automatic method for generating conforming hexahedral meshes directly from contours segmented from medical images. Magnetic resonance images are generated using a protocol developed ...
Maury Philippe - - 2013
We describe the case of a young boy with d-transposition of the great arteries (TGA) that was surgically corrected with an arterial switch operation, who presented with sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) that was successfully ablated at the embryologic pulmonary artery-related sinus of Valsalva (SV). Although the VT mechanism is still ...
Samas John J Department of General Surgery, Nassau University Medical Center, New York, New - - 2013
A 32-year-old female presented with dysphagia. Radiographic studies revealed external compression of esophagus by a vascular ring. The anatomy was a right-sided aortic arch with aberrant retroesophageal left subclavian artery, emanating from a large Kommerell diverticulum (KD). Traditional repair with ligamentum division and adhesiolysis leaves a large KD still adjacent ...
Ziaja Damian - - 2013
Intraluminal thrombus (ILT) formation plays a significant role in the progression of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Potentially, as ILT thickness increases the availability of trace elements in the aneurysm wall could decrease thereby leading to oxidative stress and intensifying pro-inflammatory cytokine generation. To determine if thrombus thickness is related ...
Nair Rajesh Gopalan - - 2013
Transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum and aortopulmonary window is an extremely rare anatomic combination associated with high morbidity and mortality. We report a case of a 3-month-old baby with d-transposition of the great arteries with intact ventricular septum and a large aortopulmonary window as a mechanism ...
Kawai Hideki - - 2013
A 62-year-old woman underwent percutaneous transhepatic obliteration of a giant portal-systemic shunt. Just after inserting a coil into the shunt, it slipped through the giant shunt and migrated to the right atrium. CT showed coil migration into the coronary sinus.
Goto Taichiro T Department of General Thoracic Surgery, National Hospital Organization Tokyo Medical Center, Tokyo, - - 2014
T-tube insertion is effective treatment for subglottic stenosis, but it is generally difficult due to bending of the T-tube. In a 52-year-old woman with relapsing polychondritis, a T-tube was inserted after predilatation using Hegar dilators. We describe the details of our T-tube insertion methods for sclerotic subglottic stenosis.
El Gharbawy Ramadan M - - 2013
A parenchyma-wise technique for the ex vivo procurement of segment 4 (S4) grafts, based on the detailed architecture of the segment, is proposed. Eighteen normal, fresh livers from adult cadavers were injected differentially with colored latex; dissection casts were prepared; and the intricate architecture of S4 was studied. The portal ...
Talwar Sachin S Cardiothoracic Center, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, - - 2013
We describe the technical aspects of performing an atrial switch operation in a 4-year-old boy with d-transposition of the great arteries and partial anomalous drainage of the left-sided pulmonary veins. The rarity of the condition is discussed.
Razzouk Louai - - 2013
Anomalies of the membranous portion of the interventricular septum include perimembranous ventricular septal defect and/or membranous septal aneurysm (MSA). In congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries (L-TGA in sinus solitus), the combination of ventricular inversion and arterial transposition creates a unique anatomic substrate that fosters subpulmonic left ventricular outflow ...
Rodrigues Gonçalo M GM Departmento de Angiologia e Cirurgia Vascular do Hospital de Santa Marta, Centro Hospitalar de Lisboa Central, Lisboa, - - 2013
Introduction: Mycotic pseudoaneurysms are an infrequent complication of infective endocarditis; most cases are secondary to arterial trauma. The commonest site involved are the intracranial arteries, followed by the abdominal aorta and then the peripheral vessels. Case presentation: We report a case of a 36-year-old man, admitted in our institution for ...
Taguchi Shinichi - - 2013
Ascending aortic cannulation for an antegrade central perfusion during surgery for type A aortic dissection is simple and can be performed within median sternotomy. This cannulation is performed routinely without problems in our hospital. Using our experience, the skills and pitfalls were clarified to make this challenging procedure successful. 29 ...
Kaladji Adrien - - 2013
During endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), the introduction of medical devices deforms the arteries. The aim of the present study was to assess the feasibility of finite element simulation to predict arterial deformations during EVAR. The aortoiliac structure was extracted from the preoperative CT angiography of fourteen patients underwent EVAR. ...
Greason Kevin L - - 2013
Early valve thrombosis is uncommon after pericardial aortic valve replacement. In this report, we describe such a complication after transcatheter aortic valve insertion.
Edwin Frank - - 2013
Congenital division of the left atrium (cor triatriatum) and congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries are both rare congenital cardiac malformations; their coexistence is exceedingly rare with only two previous reports identified in the literature. This combination of lesions is characterized by a pressure-loaded morphologically left ventricle and a ...
Di Donato Roberto M RM Department of Pediatric Cardiac Surgery, Prince Sultan Cardiac Center, Riyadh, Saudi - - 2013
Posterior coronary looping remains a risk factor when performing an arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries. In such a situation, to avoid the risk of overstretching, we use an 'inverse' flap technique, resulting in a tension-free relocation.
Dobson Richard - - 2013
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to evaluate long-term trends in morbidity and mortality in a national cohort of adult patients with a systemic right ventricle due to the atrial switch for transposition of the great arteries or congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort ...
Maddali Madan Mohan - - 2013
Following an arterial switch operation, aortopulmonary collateral arteries causing an over loading of the pulmonary vasculature and necessitating prolonged postoperative mechanical ventilation were coil embolized resulting in a rapid resolution of the problem. doi: 10.1111/jocs.12076 (J Card Surg 2013;28:180-182).
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