Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 611
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Urbanek Simon - - 2002
The detection and quantification of gaseous microbubbles in the arterial line of the extracorporeal circuit (ECC) are very important aims for quality assurance of perfusion. A system that allows a continuous measurement of microbubble distribution in the range of 10 and 120 microm was tested. The two-channel ultrasonic bubble counter ...
Berkan Ocal - - 2002
Sialic acid (SA), a family of acetylated derivatives of neuraminic acid, is elevated in patients with coronary heart disease. Cardiac troponin T (cTnT), myoglobin (Mb), and creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) are specific markers of myocardial injury and are, at present, widely used to detect perioperative myocardial damage during coronary artery bypass ...
Eikelaar Jan H R - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: In off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery, both plaque and calcifications and torrential back flow from side branches in the isolated coronary segment may hamper coronary anastomosis suturing. The epicardial application of an ultrasonographic minitransducer with color Doppler scanning modality was studied in off-pump coronary surgery to detect septal perforating ...
Papafili Anastasia - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: Cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 is a key regulatory enzyme in the synthesis of prostanoids associated with trauma and inflammation. We investigated the COX-2 gene for functional variants that may influence susceptibility to disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: The promoter of COX-2 was screened for variants in healthy subjects by use of polymerase ...
Caputo Massimo - - 2002
BACKGROUND: This study analyses the development of off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery training at a single institution, and compares the early and midterm clinical outcomes of OPCAB and conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) procedures performed by trainees with or without direct consultant cardiothoracic surgeon supervision. METHODS: Analysis was ...
Bonvini R F - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Cardiac surgery is generally well or over-represented in many Western countries. Since the southern part of Switzerland relies on 300 km distance centers for cardiac surgery, we started a project of telemedicine for the distant evaluation of cardiac surgery candidates. We report our experience of the results of the ...
Morsi Amr - - 2002
The majority of patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery have at least one internal thoracic artery used as a conduit. Internal thoracic artery atherosclerosis is a rare but distal anastamotic stenosis or occlusion can occur often early after surgery. Percutaneous coronary intervention is a management option. A patient with a left ...
Light Richard W - - 2002
After coronary artery bypass graft surgery, most patients will have a small, unilateral, left-sided pleural effusion, and approximately 10% of patients will have a larger effusion. These large effusions can be separated into (1) early effusions occurring within the first 30 days of surgery that are bloody exudates with a ...
Masuda Munetaka - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery is considered to be less invasive compared with a conventional coronary artery bypass surgery, while objective assessment of its invasiveness has not been well established. The grade of invasiveness of off-pump CABG was evaluated by biochemical markers released from the myocardium. METHODS: Perioperative serial ...
Kaul Padma - - 2002
The primary objective of this study was to examine trends in rates and outcomes of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery across the 3 Canadian provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, and Nova Scotia, during fiscal years 1991-1995. Annual age-standardized CABG surgery rates were calculated by sex for each province. Province-specific average ...
Singh Ajmer - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: To compare intermittent cardiac output (ICO) with continuous cardiac output (CCO) and stat cardiac output (SCO) measurements in patients undergoing minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, clinical study. SETTING: Single, tertiary referral center. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty adult patients undergoing off-pump MIDCAB surgery from January through June ...
Do Quoc-Bao - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the patients' hemodynamics during off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCABG) surgery. METHODS: Continuous monitoring of the mean systemic arterial pressure (SAP), mean pulmonary arterial pressure (PAP), mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO(2)) and cardiac output index (COI) was done on 55 patients ...
Aoki Tadashi - - 2002
The mortality rate in cardiac surgery patients with heritable generalized connective tissue disorders, such as Marfan s syndrome and osteogenesis imperfecta, is high due to tissue friability. We describe a successful open heart surgery for repair of aortic regurgitation in a woman with osteogenesis imperfecta (OI). Although tissue friability caused ...
Takami Yoshiyuki - - 2002
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine the clinical significance of the initial lactate level and its transpulmonary difference after open-heart surgery in adult patients. METHODS: The initial postoperative lactate levels were obtained from both radial and pulmonary arteries (La, Lv) in 65 consecutive patients undergoing coronary (n = 46), ...
Wolffgram T - - 2002
The diagnostic method of choice to proof coronary artery disease and to localize stenoses and to judge the stage of the disease is coronary angiography. A new angiographic technique invented by. Wolffgram and Krieter that works without cannulation of the coronary arteries could simplify the interventional procedure. In addition, a ...
Lowe Harry C - - 2002
Over 1 million percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI) and a half million surgical coronary artery bypass grafting procedures (CABG) are performed in the United States annually for treatment of coronary artery disease. With recent advances in anti-restenosis strategies, the number of PCIs is expected to increase dramatically. Still, these therapies treat ...
Kumar P - - 2001
Surgical management of patients with coexisting ischemic heart disease and pheochromocytoma remains challenging. We present one such case in which hybrid myocardial revascularization (angioplasty with stenting and off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting) and resection of pheochromocytoma were undertaken. Unusual features included simultaneous coronary artery surgery and tumor resection and, in ...
Yende S - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Platelet dysfunction is a common cause of bleeding after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. This study explores the effects of clopidogrel on bleeding complications after coronary artery bypass graft surgery. DESIGN: Prospective observational study of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENTS: A total of ...
Vanek T - - 2001
Thoracic epidural anesthesia without intubation was used in 10 patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery reconstruction performed through median sternotomy. Considering the preoperative finding of impaired pulmonary function, all were moderate-risk patients for surgery using conventional general anesthesia with intubation. All patients had an uneventful postoperative course. In indicated cases, we ...
Spiess B D - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To compare a second-generation thoracic electrical bioimpedance (TEB) hemodynamic monitoring system with the clinically used pulmonary artery catheter thermodilution (TD-PAC) system. DESIGN: Blinded, simultaneous measurements at specified key time points during surgery. SETTING: University teaching hospital cardiac surgical operating rooms. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-seven patients undergoing primary elective coronary artery bypass ...
Tanaka H - - 2001
We report a 23-year-old man who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for coronary aneurysms associated with Kawasaki disease using the left internal thoracic artery (LITA) and right gastroepiploic artery (RGEA) after a second myocardial infarction (MI). Preoperatively, this patient showed repetitive occlusion and recanalization of coronary artery flow without ...
Robson M J - - 2001
We reported that a decline in cognitive performance 3 mo after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery is associated with palpable aortic atheroma, but not postoperative jugular bulb oxyhemoglobin saturation (SjO2) <50%. However, the effect of SjO2 on clinical neurologic findings is not known. S100beta is a possible surrogate biochemical marker ...
Huber T S - - 2001
The Southern Association for Vascular Surgery (SAVS) has played a significant role in the development and evolution of vascular surgery. This study was designed to document the contribution to the scientific literature and to highlight the important publications from the annual meetings of the SAVS on its 25th anniversary. A ...
Shigematsu K - - 2001
Midgraft stenosis of the prosthesis after bypass surgery has seldom been reported. A man presented with an ischemic ulcer of the left foot. He had undergone bilateral femoropopliteal bypass surgery as well as left-sided iliofemoral bypass surgery with a knitted Dacron graft. The graft in his left thigh was occluded. ...
Millar S M - - 2001
Perioperative levels of jugular bulb oxyhaemoglobin saturation (Sj(O(2))) and lactate concentration (Lj), and postoperative duration of Sj(O(2))<50% were compared between patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (n=86), heart valve (n=14) and abdominal aortic (n=16) surgery. Radial artery and jugular bulb blood samples were aspirated after induction of anaesthesia, during ...
Shapira I - - 2001
This review of the literature is presented in an attempt to keep pace with the constantly changing statistics in postsurgical outcomes, which reflect the considerable strides in technology and technical skills that have been made during the past decade in cardiovascular surgery. Although there is still much to be done ...
Zegdi R - - 2001
Performing a conventional vascular anastomosis during minimally invasive surgery remains a technically difficult and time-consuming task. The purpose of our study was to assess the efficacy of a new sutureless vascular prosthesis. Through a left thoracotomy, a short segment of the descending aorta was bypassed in eight sheep. Our Dacron ...
Brancaccio G - - 2001
Chylothorax is a rare but serious complication of cardiac surgery. A 64-year-old man with three-vessel disease underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Ten days later he developed left pleural effusion. An intercostal drain was inserted and 1600 ml of pale pink, milky fluid were obtained. The results of biochemical analysis were ...
Kam P C - - 2001
The arterial tourniquet is widely used in upper and lower extremity surgery and in intravenous regional anaesthesia. The local and systemic physiological effects and the anaesthetic implications are reviewed. Localised complications result from either tissue compression beneath the cuff or tissue ischaemia distal to the tourniquet. Systemic effects are related ...
Meharwal Z S - - 2001
BACKGROUND: The feasibility of off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery has been well demonstrated. The purpose of the present study was to assess the safety and efficacy of off-pump coronary artery surgery in patients with left main coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between January 1997 and December 2000, 174 patients ...
Mets B - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To describe the washin and washout of desflurane when first administered during cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) for cardiac surgery. DESIGN: A single-arm prospective study. SETTING: University-affiliated hospital operating room. PARTICIPANTS: Ten adult patients presenting for cardiac surgery. INTERVENTIONS: Consenting patients presenting for cardiac surgery received anesthesia with midazolam and fentanyl. ...
Jansen E W - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic surgery in a major cavity in the body requires space for manipulation and presentation of the target organ or site. For coronary artery grafting on the working heart, additional local cardiac wall immobilization is indispensible. METHODS: A passive hydraulic arm was developed to be mounted on the operating ...
Mariani M A - - 2001
We report the case of a patient who underwent off-pump coronary surgery, whose postoperative (3 days) angiography showed the presence of a thrombus in the left internal mammary artery. The thrombus responded to an aggressive anticoagulant treatment, showing a perfect angiographic result 15 months later. According to our previous studies, ...
Gölba┼či I - - 2001
We performed coronary artery bypass grafting on a 58-year-old man who only 9 months earlier had undergone right pneumonectomy for bronchial carcinoma. Although his preoperative pulmonary function had been poor, coronary artery bypass surgery was successful, and the patient was discharged on the 9th postoperative day Two years after surgery, ...
Coulson A S - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Subclavian/axillary artery to coronary artery bypass (SAXCAB) surgery is defined as a minimally (or less) invasive coronary revascularization procedure where one or more grafts are anastomosed to the second or third parts of the subclavian artery or any of the three parts of the axillary artery (inflow ...
Borger M A - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of patent or diseased aorta-coronary bypass grafts and retrograde cardioplegia on mortality during reoperative coronary bypass surgery. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of prospectively gathered data, supplemented by systematic chart review, of all patients (n = 744) undergoing reoperative coronary bypass surgery at our ...
Yoon B W - - 2001
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although extracranial carotid artery disease (ECAD) is accepted as a risk factor for central nervous system (CNS) complications after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, it remains to be clarified whether intracranial cerebral artery disease (ICAD) may also increase the risk. We conducted a prospective study to ...
Kappert U - - 2001
Minimally invasive surgical procedures have become a part of routine cardiac surgery. The surgical techniques have been developed for the treatment of coronary artery disease in order to minimize surgical trauma. With the introduction of a 3-D-based totally endoscopically functioning system into minimally invasive cardiac (MIC) surgery, further reduction of ...
Zilbert A W - - 2001
This is a case review of a patient who, during surgery for stress incontinence using the tension-free vaginal tape procedure, sustained a laceration to the right external iliac artery.
Sipsas N V - - 2001
We report a case of sternal tuberculosis following sternotomy, which was performed during coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Although pre-operative evaluation revealed signs of asymptomatic tuberculosis of the lung, isoniazid chemoprophylaxis was not instituted, and the patient developed active tuberculosis in both the lung and sternum 5 y later.
Acorda R - - 2000
Several new surgical approaches to coronary artery disease revascularization have been developed to avoid the adverse effects associated with conventional coronary bypass graft surgery and the use of cardiopulmonary bypass. This article describes some of these approaches, including minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass graft surgery, port access surgery, hybrid ...
Ogino H - - 2000
We report successful coronary artery bypass grafting through a lower partial sternotomy for a patient with a tracheostoma. He required a tracheotomy for serious laryngeal edema which developed during anesthetic induction prior to elective conventional coronary surgery. A safe alternative approach, comprising a lower midline skin incision with a lower ...
Iwakura A - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Poor healing of the sternum often limits the use of bilateral internal thoracic arteries (BITAs) in coronary bypass surgery, especially for diabetic patients. We have reported that basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) enhanced regeneration of the skull. This study was designed to evaluate the effects of topical use of ...
Kappert U - - 2000
With the introduction of the da Vinci robotic surgical system (Intuitive Surgical, Mountain View, CA) into minimally invasive cardiac surgery, the outlook of performing coronary artery bypass operations "closed chest" became a reality. Between May 1999 and July 2000 this wrist-enhanced instrumentation was used in 143 patients (107 men, 36 ...
Kappert U - - 2000
BACKGROUND: With the introduction of a wrist-enhanced robotic surgical system into minimally invasive cardiac surgery, the outlook of performing closed chest coronary artery bypass operations became a reality. METHODS: Since May, 1999, this new wrist-enhanced instrumentation has been used in 109 (79 male, 30 female, median age 63 +/- 9.9 ...
Wijesinghe L D - - 2000
Acute lower limb ischaemia is associated with high morbidity and mortality. The authors describe an unusual cause of arterial occlusion two weeks following aorto-coronary bypass surgery. This case should make vascular surgeons aware of the possibility of prosthetic materials acting as emboli. Furthermore, they should also be mindful that the ...
Watters M P - - 2000
Cerebral emboli detected by transcranial Doppler imaging were recorded in 20 patients undergoing multiple-vessel coronary artery bypass surgery, either with or without cardiopulmonary bypass, in a prospective unblinded comparative study. Emboli were recorded continuously from the time of pericardial incision until 10 min after the last aortic instrumentation. The numbers ...
Niinami H - - 2000
A method of heart retraction during coronary artery bypass operations is described. The technique improves exposure of the coronary arteries, especially of the circumflex and posterior descending coronary branches during grafting. In addition, it is simple, safe, and inexpensive. Furthermore, this technique can be applied for off-pump coronary artery bypass ...
Sparks D L - - 2000
We investigated the brains of non-demented individuals with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) and found evidence of Alzheimer-like lesions. This neuropathology consisted of premature presence of beta-amyloid-containing senile plaques (SP) without increased prevalence of neurofibrillary tangles. Low levels of SP occurred in 20 to 45- year-old subjects with MVP, and much ...
Weissman C - - 2000
Cardiac and thoracic surgery cause alterations in ventilatory function that can lead to significant postoperative pulmonary complications. These complications often occur among patients with pre-existing pulmonary dysfunction and cause significantly longer hospital stays. This review explores some of the recent literature concerning this issue, including the effects of lung reduction ...
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