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Misra Satyajeet - - 2011
Interruption of the aortic arch is a rare anomaly affecting 1% of children with congenital heart disease. The systemic circulation is ductal dependent and is determined principally by the ratio of the resistances in the systemic and the pulmonary vascular bed. Any increase in the pulmonary vascular resistance may increase ...
Hardman Rulon L - - 2011
The development of collateral pathways for arterial blood flow is common in the presence of atherosclerotic occlusive disease of the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries. The collateral pathways are divided into systemic-systemic and systemic-visceral pathways. MDCT is commonly used to evaluate aortic stenosis and the resulting collateral pathways. Common and ...
Ryu Jung Min - - 2011
Due primarily to the increasing shortage of allogeneic donor organs, xenotransplantation has become the focus of a growing field of research. Currently, micropigs are the most suitable donor animal for humans. However, no standard method has been developed to evaluate the systemic vascular anatomy of micropigs and standard reference values ...
Kannan Balaji - - 2011
Cocaine is used to produce a euphoric effect by abusers, who may be unaware of the devastating systemic and ocular side effects of this drug. We describe the first known case of cilioretinal artery occlusion after intranasal cocaine abuse.
Cornet Alexander D - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Disturbed alveolar fibrin turnover is a characteristic feature of pneumonia. Inhibitors of coagulation could exert lung-protective effects via anticoagulant (inhibiting fibrin deposition) and possibly anti-inflammatory pathways, but could also affect host defense. METHODS: In this randomized controlled in vivo laboratory study, rats were challenged intra-tracheally with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, inducing ...
Hammwöhner Matthias - - 2011
Pulmonary vein isolation in a dual-chamber pacemaker patient using the pulmonary vein ablation catheter (PVAC) system resulted in perpetual induction of ventricular tachycardia (VT) during radio frequency energy application. Induction of VT was abolished by programming the PVAC-system to a pure bipolar ablation mode. Patients with implanted devices should be ...
Skalský I - - 2011
Autologous vein grafts used as aortocoronary bypasses are often prone to intimal hyperplasia, which results in stenosis and occlusion of the vein. The aim of this study was to prevent intimal hyperplasia using a newly developed perivascular system with sustained release of sirolimus. This system of controlled drug release consists ...
Nakamura Yoshihiro - - 2011
The fractal state of the arterial vascular tree is considered to have a universal dimension related to the principle of minimum work rate, but can demonstrate the capacity to adapt to other dimensions in disease states such as congenital high-flow pulmonary hypertension (PH) by a process that is incompletely understood. ...
Verhoeven E L - - 2011
AIM:The Gore Excluder device is a modern third generation device that performs well. Nevertheless, the proximal deployment was not as accurate and controlled as with some other modern devices. Therefore a new deployment system was developed. This system allows to reconstrain the graft after initial deployment, with the purpose to ...
Honma Satoru - - 2011
We observed a rare case of the middle suprarenal artery branching out from the superior mesenteric artery in a 78-year-old male. This atypical artery enters the right suprarenal gland that was also supplied by the superior and the inferior suprarenal arteries as usual. In embryonic stages, vasculature of the vitelline ...
San Norberto Enrique M - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the readability, accessibility, usability, and reliability of information available on the Internet in the Spanish language about aortic aneurysm and its endovascular treatment, and to determine whether this information source provides comprehensible material that will enable patients to participate in decisions regarding their condition. METHODS: ...
Yoo Albert J - - 2011
Major ischemic strokes secondary to proximal artery occlusions are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality. Owing to extensive clot burden, these strokes are poorly responsive to intravenous tissue plasminogen activator. The introduction of endovascular therapy, particularly mechanical devices, has resulted in markedly improved recanalization rates of large vessel occlusions. With ...
Schmidt W - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate performance characteristics of currently available superficial femoral artery (SFA) stents and stent delivery systems (SDS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six 7 mm/ 80 mm stent systems were included: BIOTRONIK Astron Pulsar (4F), EDWARDS LifeStent Flexstar, ev3 PROTÉGÉ Everflex, CORDIS Smart Control, BARD E-Luminexx, GUIDANT Absolute (all 6F). The SDS were evaluated ...
Kiguchi Misaki - - 2011
Endovascular repair of thoracic aortic pathology is an evolving and increasingly attractive alternative to open repair. Endograft technology and delivery systems have improved rapidly since their introduction in the 1990s, and early and mid-term results for currently available devices are promising. No individual device has proven to be superior as ...
Lachhab Fadoua - - 2011
A rare case of a newborn with situs inversus totalis associated with simple transposition of the great arteries is reported. A successful anatomical surgical repair was accomplished on day 10 of life, consisting of an arterial switch operation with reimplantation of the coronary arteries.
Vasseur M - - 2011
We report the case of a young female patient with a transient amaurosis due to a carotid rete mirabile (CRM), a rare congenital carotid malformation, and pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), an inherited autosomal recessive systemic metabolic disorder characterised by fragmentation and mineralisation of elastic fibres in connective tissues (skin, eyes) and ...
Ferrell Andrew Stephen - - 2011
Background Intracranial stents have expanded endovascular therapy to wide neck aneurysms whose dimensions and configurations are not amendable to coil embolization alone. Stents however have not eliminated all problems due to technical factors with their delivery systems. The Neuroform stent system is one of the most widely used for this ...
Kunihara Takashi - - 2011
While prolonged visceral ischemia seems to be a potential source of elevated proinflammatory cytokines during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We have investigated the production of cytokines and fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) in the hepatosplanchnic system during TAAA repair. Arterial and hepatic venous levels ...
Fritsch Peter - - 2011
In a girl suffering from "Scimitar syndrome", a rerouting of the scimitar vein was performed at the age of 6 years, but no embolisation of the aberrant systemic vessel was done. She presented with recurring respiratory problems 13 years later. An angiography revealed an invert flow from the aberrant systemic ...
Meiburger Kristen M - - 2011
Evaluation of the carotid artery wall is essential for the assessment of a patient's cardiovascular risk or for the diagnosis of cardiovascular pathologies. This paper presents a new, completely user-independent algorithm called carotid artery intima layer regional segmentation (CAILRS, a class of AtheroEdge™ systems), which automatically segments the intima layer ...
Moore Jonathan P - - 2011
In contrast to the reflex vasodilatation occurring in response to stimulation of baroreceptors in the aortic arch, carotid sinuses and coronary arteries, stimulation of receptors in the wall of pulmonary arteries results in reflex systemic vasoconstriction. It is rare for interventions to activate only one reflexogenic region, therefore we investigated ...
Pinter Laszlo - - 2011
Randomized controlled trials have shown that periprocedural rates of stroke and death are higher with carotid artery stenting (CAS) than with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in the treatment of carotid artery stenosis. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) has shown higher rates of clinically silent new ischemic brain lesions when CAS is ...
Iannelli Gabriele - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the usefulness of a new transfemoral device to avoid major complications related to residual type A aortic dissection following ascending aortic replacement. Case Reports: Three men (aged 60, 61, and 72 years, respectively) with a residual type A aortic dissection following replacement of the ascending aorta 1, ...
Jiang Sen - - 2011
The complete type of anomalous systemic arterial supply to normal basal lung segments is characterized by anomalous systemic artery supply to all or some of the normal basal segments with an absent corresponding pulmonary artery. Surgical intervention generally is required. This study reports on four patients with this anomaly with ...
Butts Ryan J RJ Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA. - - 2011
Differentiation of the so-called sinus venosus defect from other defects permitting shunting between the atrial chambers remains problematic. The lesion is not a true septal defect, and current theories to explain the existence of the sinus venosus defect fall short. The presence of persistent systemic to pulmonary venous connections has ...
O'Sullivan Brian P - - 2012
The pulmonary vasculitides are a heterogeneous group of diseases that often occur as a component of systemic vasculitic diseases. Most frequently, pulmonary vasculitis is observed in vasculitic syndromes that preferentially affect small vessels. Pulmonary involvement may develop because the lung has an extensive vascular and microvascular network. Sensitising antigens can ...
Iimura Akira - - 2011
In a student course of gross anatomy dissection at Kanagawa Dental College in 2008, we found an extremely rare case of the double superior vena cava that has a shunt between the right and left atria of a 81-year-old Japanese male cadaver. The left superior vena cava passed through the ...
Ohuchi Yasufumi - - 2011
To evaluate the technical feasibility of the transfemoral approach using a 3.5-Fr catheter system for transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study included 81 patients with unresectable HCC who underwent transfemoral TACE using a 3.5-Fr catheter system without a sheath between August 2008 and June ...
Arain Nofil - - 2011
The Jatene arterial switch operation (ASO) for dextro-transposition of the great arteries is ideally performed within the first 2 weeks of life. Clinical circumstances, however, may dictate a delayed ASO and left ventricle "retraining" prior to the procedure. Glucocorticoid remediable aldosteronism (GRA) accounts for 0.5% to 1% of primary aldosteronism. ...
Lee Sub - - 2011
Aortic thrombi are important because it can cause the central and peripheral embolizations. Aortic thrombi can occur anywhere in the aorta but extremely rare in ascending aorta without atherosclerosis, aneurysm, cardiosurgical or traumatic state. Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disorder of connective tissue and it can involve multisystem. Enhanced ...
de Conti Daniel Oliveira - - 2011
It is reported a ruptured descending thoracic aortic aneurysm in a 25-year-old systemic lupus erythematosus woman who underwent 19 years steroid therapy. She was treated with 2 endovascular stent-grafts, discharged from hospital 13 days after the procedure in good health. Three months later she returned with hemorrhagic shock due to ...
Aiello Vera Demarchi - - 2011
The basic morphology of transposition of the great arteries is described, together with a discussion of anatomic variables of surgical significance including the spectrum of variation of coronary artery anatomy and associated lesions.
Lichtenberg Michael - - 2011
The Rotarex catheter system is an effective tool for endovascular therapy of acute occluded arteries of the lower extremities, especially for the femoral artery. The authors report the use of the Rotarex catheter system for retrograde percutaneous thrombectomy of an occluded subclavian artery. A 79-year-old male patient was referred because ...
Cheung Po-Yin - - 2011
Annually more than 1 million neonates die worldwide as related to asphyxia. Asphyxiated neonates commonly have multi-organ failure including hypotension, perfusion deficit, hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, pulmonary hypertension, vasculopathic enterocolitis, renal failure and thrombo-embolic complications. Animal models are developed to help us understand the patho-physiology and pharmacology of neonatal asphyxia. In comparison ...
Haacke N N Department of Experimental Medicine, Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Campus Virchow-Klinikum, Berlin, - - 2011
In a porcine, aortic graft model we found 5 animals to develop and survive unnoticed, complete infrarenal aortic occlusion and 2 pigs with an acute occlusion but rather unspecific clinical symptoms. We investigated the pigs' vascular system to classify the anatomic capabilities to compensate for an acute abdominal aortic occlusion. ...
Sim Myeongheon M Department of Biomedical Engineering, Yonsei University, 234 maeji heung-up, Wonju, Kangwon, Republic of Korea. - - 2011
The pulmonary function test (PFT) is a widely used test in patients or for those who are at risk of respiratory dysfunction. In this study, we aimed to develop a more convenient system, namely, the impedance pulmonary function measurement system (IPFS), for overcoming the restrictions posed by the prevalent spirometric ...
Choi Joon Hwan JH Department of Bioengineering, Universityof Washington, Seattle, WA 98195, - - 2011
Coronary artery disease is a deadly and costly condition and represents an important public health issue globally. Coronary Doppler vibrometry (CDV), a new noninvasive coronary artery stenosis detection technique, showed encouraging results in our recent clinical study. However, the CDV system required lengthy offline data analysis, thus it did not ...
Banner Davina - - 2010
To explore women's experiences of becoming a coronary artery bypass graft surgery patient. Coronary heart disease is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality for both sexes worldwide and is associated with significant human, fiscal and personal burden. There are growing numbers of women undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery; ...
Baglin T - - 2010
See also Kovacs MJ, Hawel JD, Rekman JF, Lazo-Langner A. Ambulatory management of pulmonary embolism: a pragmatic evaluation. This issue, pp 2406-11; Erkens PMG, Gandara E, Wells P, Shen AY-H, Bose G, Le Gal G, Rodger M, Prins MH, Carrier M. Safety of outpatient treatment in acute pulmonary embolism. This ...
Murakami Hideki - - 2010
A retrospective review of patients with interruption of the artery of Adamkiewicz during total en bloc spondylectomy (TES). To assess neurologic function after interruption of the artery of Adamkiewicz in TES. The most important feeding artery of the thoracolumbar spinal cord is the great anterior radiculomedullary artery, also called the ...
Misfeld M - - 2010
Most studies comparing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) with conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (ONCAB) include patients with aortic manipulation in the OPCAB group. Performing OPCAB without aortic manipulation, i.e., "anaortic" OPCAB (anOPCAB), may improve neurological outcome. We reviewed the perioperative data of all isolated CABG patients at ...
Romano Gianpaolo - - 2010
Dextrocardia associated to situs inversus totalis is a rare congenital conditions (prevalence of 1:10,000) in which the organs are located in a symmetric or mirror position in the opposite side of the body. These individuals usually have a normal life expectancy and the same propensity to develop ischaemic coronary disease ...
Mehta Yatin - - 2010
The benefits of thoracic epidural analgesia in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting are well documented. However, the literature available on the role of high thoracic epidural analgesia (HTEA) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (OPCAB) surgery is scarce. We conducted a randomized ...
Raja Yogesh - - 2011
Iatrogenic coronary ostial stenosis after aortic valve replacement is a rare, life-threatening complication, which may follow implantation of either a mechanical or a biological prosthesis. Historically, this condition has been treated by urgent coronary bypass surgery but is associated with high morbidity and mortality, due to the hazards of early ...
Cichocki Frank R FR - - 2010
Suture needles are essential instruments for performing blood vessel anastomosis in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgeries. Exceptional needle performance is needed now as never before because of the increasing prevalence of elderly patients with advanced stages of coronary disease and calcified tissue. The various properties that affect the performance ...
Hadjimiltiades Stavros - - 2010
In a case of constrictive pericarditis post coronary artery bypass surgery we describe the diastolic compression of venous and arterial conduits and the timing of compression, as demonstrated during angiography, before and after pericardiectomy. In conclusion, angiographic demonstration of conduit compression is only suggestive of constriction, and consideration of the ...
Schölzel B E - - 2010
Patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) are at increased risk of developing arterial thrombosis. We report a case of a 36-year-man with unstable angina in the presence of occlusion of two coronary arteries with insufficient collateral perfusion. We also found essential thrombocythemia in this patient. The patient underwent coronary artery bypass ...
Taşdemir Oğuz - - 2010
The permanency of the coronary ostial anastomosis is an important predictor of morbidity in aortic root surgery. We introduced a technique to reduce coronary reimplantation-related complications in aortic surgery. We believe that plicating the folds of the graft at both sides of the coronary ostial anastomosis reduces the tension on ...
Pumar J M - - 2010
We present the case of a 47-year-old man with a fusiform aneurysm of the basilar cerebral artery, who was successfully treated with the placement of a novel flow diverter system (Silk stent).
Samyn Margaret M - - 2010
We present the first case report of successful cardiac surgery in a child with idiopathic infantile arterial calcification (IIAC), a disease that is generally lethal within the first 6 months of life. This 27-month-old Hispanic American boy with IIAC successfully underwent cardiothoracic surgery for severe pulmonary valve (PV) stenosis after ...
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