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Guyot Hugues - - 2011
A 12-year-old cow was presented with chronic respiratory disease and lameness. Chronic pleuritis, pneumonia, and bronchial carcinoma were found as well as periosteal proliferation on limb bones. Ancillary tests and necropsy confirmed a combined pathology of pulmonary inflammation and neoplasm, and hypertrophic pulmonary osteopathy.
Dong Ming-Feng - - 2011
BACKGROUND: To investigate blood lactate levels during and after peripherally established cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). METHODS: In 86 patients (41 males, mean age 13.8±7.2), CPB was established via femoral vein and artery cannulation for thoracoscopic closure of atrial (n=54) or ventricular septal defect (n=32). Arterial and venous blood lactate levels were ...
Ruckley C V - - 2012
The purpose of this study was to correlate the clinical findings in the Edinburgh Vein Study with the results of duplex scanning of the deep and superficial venous systems. An age-stratified random sample of 1566 people (699 men and 867 women) aged 16-64 were selected from computerized age-sex registers of ...
Ikutomi Masayasu - - 2011
Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related systemic disease was first recognized as a clinicopathological entity about 10 years ago, and since then, it has attracted growing attention. It is an autoimmune disease which affects multiple organs including the pancreas, bile duct, salivary glands and retroperitoneum. Further, it was recently reported that it can ...
Tehrai Mahmood - - 2011
Persistent fifth - double-lumen - aortic arch is a rarely seen entity, which is usually associated with other cardiac anomalies; it has been previously reported only in children. We report a new case of double-lumen aortic arch with a systemic-to-systemic connection diagnosed incidentally during cardiac multi-detector computer tomography evaluation of ...
Faber D R - - 2011
BACKGROUND:Adipose tissue dysfunction is associated with inflammation, type 2 diabetes mellitus and vascular diseases. Visceral adipose tissue (VAT)-derived adipokines, which are released in the portal circulation may influence liver metabolism.OBJECTIVES:(1) To estimate the contribution of VAT and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) on adipokine levels by measuring differences in adipokine concentrations ...
Pahlavan P - - 2011
Abdominal aortic aneurysm is one of the most common diseases of the vascular system for which the most definitive treatment is surgery. Laparoscopy is a primary method of minimally invasive surgery that could be useful in aortic repair surgeries. Although this method of surgery has significant advantages, the difficulty of ...
Matarrese Marissa R - - 2011
Chronic ischemia in the upper extremity is a challenging condition for both patients and surgeons. When ischemia reaches a critical level, tissue loss ensues, which results in necrosis of fingers at various levels. Amputation of necrotic digits, without addressing the etiology of the necrosis, often results in wound-healing problems and ...
Pestana Knight Elia M - - 2011
Bronchial artery embolization with microspheres constitutes an effective, safe procedure for controlling hemoptysis. A 17-year-old girl with cystic fibrosis developed hemoptysis and underwent bilateral bronchial artery embolization with 300-500 μm and 500-700 μm microsphere particles. Afterward, she was delirious and complained of headache. On initial examination, she manifested altered mental ...
Tokue Hiroyuki - - 2011
Anchoring system-assisted coil tract embolization (AACTE), a new nonvascular treatment technique for massive bleeding associated with percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN), consists of packing the tract with embolization coils, with a balloon catheter used as an anchoring system. After arterial bleeding associated with PCN was successfully treated with AACTE in three patients, ...
Shalgum A - - 2011
With 6 figures and 2 tables SUMMARY: Intrarenal anatomy was studied in detail to evaluate how useful rabbits could be as a urologic model. Only one renal artery was observed, which was divided into dorsal and ventral branches in all cases. Three segmental arteries (cranial, mesorenal and caudal) was the ...
Scolletta Sabino - - 2011
Background:Less-invasive monitoring systems, such as pulse contour methods, are increasingly being used to estimate cardiac output (CO). However, alterations in the arterial waveform caused by intraaortic balloon pump counterpulsation may affect the ability of pulse contour algorithms to determine CO. We investigated the reliability of an uncalibrated pulse contour method, ...
Londy Frank Joseph - - 2012
In a recent multi-center trial of gadolinium contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (Gd-MRA) for diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism (PE), two centers utilized a common MRI platform though at different field strengths (1.5T and 3T) and realized a signal-to-noise gain with the 3T platform. This retrospective analysis investigates this gain in ...
Jacqmot Olivier D - - 2011
The aim of our study was to establish head arterial cartographies-useful for the diagnosis of brain diseases leading to cerebral vascular modifications-by means of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). Casts of the arterial vascular brain system were used to corroborate the MRA results as they can be easily rotated in nonvirtual ...
Torsello G - - 2011
Endovascular repair was originally introduced as a less invasive alternative in less healthy patients, but potentially lower morbidity has been balanced by limited anatomic applicability, as well as inferior long-term device durability. The INCRAFT™ endograft was developed with surgical repair in mind, in an attempt to capitalize on the anatomic ...
Germann Günter - - 2011
Advances in anatomical research have created the base for a vast variety of flaps that can be raised in the hand. They are either based on the palmar arterial system or on the dorsal vascular system, which is fed by either perforating vessels from the palmar side or the dorsal ...
Gerstenfeld Edward P - - 2011
The past decade of ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) has seen the adaptation of catheters designed for "focal" tachycardias or single pathways to perform wide encirclement of the pulmonary veins (PV). During the next decade, technologies designed specifically for PV isolation will emerge. Each system has its unique attributes. The ...
Yarlagadda Vamsi V - - 2011
Among patients with congenital heart defects, neonates with single ventricle disease continue to challenge clinicians despite significant improvements in survival over the past 30 years. The cardiac anatomical variants associated with the term "single ventricle" are characterized by severe hypoplasia (or absence) of either ventricle, typically in association with obstruction or ...
Nieminen Tuomo - - 2011
BACKGROUND: -adrenergic receptor involvement (n=8). Rapid intracoronary administration of ranolazine (0.048 mg/kg) to achieve high local concentrations resulted in 91±11% increase in LAD coronary artery flow and 39±7% reduction in coronary vascular resistance (both, P<0.0001). This effect lasted 2-3 minutes without change in heart rate or rate-pressure product. Mean arterial ...
Durack Jeremy C - - 2011
A complication of the StarClose Vascular Closure System (Abbott, Des Plaines, IL) after a transarterial hepatic chemoembolization is described. After attempted clip deployment, the entire device became lodged in the tissues overlying the common femoral artery and could not be removed percutaneously. Successful removal of the device required surgical cutdown ...
Lowry Adam W - - 2011
Interrupted inferior vena cava (IVC) with azygous continuation to the superior vena cava (SVC) is a relatively common systemic venous anomaly. This anomaly can occasionally complicate transcatheter intervention by rendering more difficult the usual direct route to the systemic venous atrium afforded by femoral venous access. We report our experience ...
Hsia Tain-Yen TY Cardiac Unit, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children and Institute of Cardiovascular Sciences, University College of London, London, United Kingdom. - - 2011
Combining bilateral pulmonary artery banding with arterial duct stenting, the hybrid approach achieves stage 1 palliation for hypoplastic left heart syndrome with different flow characteristics than those after the surgical Norwood procedures. Accordingly, we used computational modeling to assess some of these differences, including influence on systemic and cerebral oxygen ...
Hirata Ayumu - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are at risk of polyvascular comorbidities and poor prognosis. Non-invasive techniques for early prediction of coronary artery disease (CAD) are desirable to prevent cardiovascular events in these patients. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between CAD and ...
Vassilev Dobrin - - 2011
Aims: The optimal treatment strategy for coronary bifurcation lesions is still unknown. The BiOSS Lim stents (Bifurcation Optimisation Stent System) is a novel dedicated bifurcation stent introduced over a single wire in to the main vessel, covered with biodegradable polymer and sirolimus. It has wider proximal and narrower distal parts. ...
Tanaka Koji - - 2011
A 66-year old hypertensive man having a prostate cancer was admitted to our hospital with sudden onset right hemiparesis. On admission, he showed left hemiplegia, hypesthesia, right limb ataxia, and dysarthria. The NIHSS score was 16. Diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging showed an acute infarct in the middle pons and ...
Misra Satyajeet - - 2011
Interruption of the aortic arch is a rare anomaly affecting 1% of children with congenital heart disease. The systemic circulation is ductal dependent and is determined principally by the ratio of the resistances in the systemic and the pulmonary vascular bed. Any increase in the pulmonary vascular resistance may increase ...
Hardman Rulon L - - 2011
The development of collateral pathways for arterial blood flow is common in the presence of atherosclerotic occlusive disease of the abdominal aorta and iliac arteries. The collateral pathways are divided into systemic-systemic and systemic-visceral pathways. MDCT is commonly used to evaluate aortic stenosis and the resulting collateral pathways. Common and ...
Ryu Jung Min - - 2011
Due primarily to the increasing shortage of allogeneic donor organs, xenotransplantation has become the focus of a growing field of research. Currently, micropigs are the most suitable donor animal for humans. However, no standard method has been developed to evaluate the systemic vascular anatomy of micropigs and standard reference values ...
Kannan Balaji - - 2011
Cocaine is used to produce a euphoric effect by abusers, who may be unaware of the devastating systemic and ocular side effects of this drug. We describe the first known case of cilioretinal artery occlusion after intranasal cocaine abuse.
Cornet Alexander D - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Disturbed alveolar fibrin turnover is a characteristic feature of pneumonia. Inhibitors of coagulation could exert lung-protective effects via anticoagulant (inhibiting fibrin deposition) and possibly anti-inflammatory pathways, but could also affect host defense. METHODS: In this randomized controlled in vivo laboratory study, rats were challenged intra-tracheally with Pseudomonas aeruginosa, inducing ...
Hammwöhner Matthias - - 2011
Pulmonary vein isolation in a dual-chamber pacemaker patient using the pulmonary vein ablation catheter (PVAC) system resulted in perpetual induction of ventricular tachycardia (VT) during radio frequency energy application. Induction of VT was abolished by programming the PVAC-system to a pure bipolar ablation mode. Patients with implanted devices should be ...
Skalský I - - 2011
Autologous vein grafts used as aortocoronary bypasses are often prone to intimal hyperplasia, which results in stenosis and occlusion of the vein. The aim of this study was to prevent intimal hyperplasia using a newly developed perivascular system with sustained release of sirolimus. This system of controlled drug release consists ...
Nakamura Yoshihiro - - 2011
The fractal state of the arterial vascular tree is considered to have a universal dimension related to the principle of minimum work rate, but can demonstrate the capacity to adapt to other dimensions in disease states such as congenital high-flow pulmonary hypertension (PH) by a process that is incompletely understood. ...
Verhoeven E L - - 2011
AIM:The Gore Excluder device is a modern third generation device that performs well. Nevertheless, the proximal deployment was not as accurate and controlled as with some other modern devices. Therefore a new deployment system was developed. This system allows to reconstrain the graft after initial deployment, with the purpose to ...
Honma Satoru - - 2011
We observed a rare case of the middle suprarenal artery branching out from the superior mesenteric artery in a 78-year-old male. This atypical artery enters the right suprarenal gland that was also supplied by the superior and the inferior suprarenal arteries as usual. In embryonic stages, vasculature of the vitelline ...
San Norberto Enrique M - - 2011
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the readability, accessibility, usability, and reliability of information available on the Internet in the Spanish language about aortic aneurysm and its endovascular treatment, and to determine whether this information source provides comprehensible material that will enable patients to participate in decisions regarding their condition. METHODS: ...
Yoo Albert J - - 2011
Major ischemic strokes secondary to proximal artery occlusions are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality. Owing to extensive clot burden, these strokes are poorly responsive to intravenous tissue plasminogen activator. The introduction of endovascular therapy, particularly mechanical devices, has resulted in markedly improved recanalization rates of large vessel occlusions. With ...
Schmidt W - - 2011
PURPOSE: To evaluate performance characteristics of currently available superficial femoral artery (SFA) stents and stent delivery systems (SDS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six 7 mm/ 80 mm stent systems were included: BIOTRONIK Astron Pulsar (4F), EDWARDS LifeStent Flexstar, ev3 PROTÉGÉ Everflex, CORDIS Smart Control, BARD E-Luminexx, GUIDANT Absolute (all 6F). The SDS were evaluated ...
Kiguchi Misaki - - 2011
Endovascular repair of thoracic aortic pathology is an evolving and increasingly attractive alternative to open repair. Endograft technology and delivery systems have improved rapidly since their introduction in the 1990s, and early and mid-term results for currently available devices are promising. No individual device has proven to be superior as ...
Lachhab Fadoua - - 2011
A rare case of a newborn with situs inversus totalis associated with simple transposition of the great arteries is reported. A successful anatomical surgical repair was accomplished on day 10 of life, consisting of an arterial switch operation with reimplantation of the coronary arteries.
Vasseur M - - 2011
We report the case of a young female patient with a transient amaurosis due to a carotid rete mirabile (CRM), a rare congenital carotid malformation, and pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE), an inherited autosomal recessive systemic metabolic disorder characterised by fragmentation and mineralisation of elastic fibres in connective tissues (skin, eyes) and ...
Ferrell Andrew Stephen - - 2011
Background Intracranial stents have expanded endovascular therapy to wide neck aneurysms whose dimensions and configurations are not amendable to coil embolization alone. Stents however have not eliminated all problems due to technical factors with their delivery systems. The Neuroform stent system is one of the most widely used for this ...
Kunihara Takashi - - 2011
While prolonged visceral ischemia seems to be a potential source of elevated proinflammatory cytokines during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. We have investigated the production of cytokines and fatty acid binding proteins (FABPs) in the hepatosplanchnic system during TAAA repair. Arterial and hepatic venous levels ...
Fritsch Peter - - 2011
In a girl suffering from "Scimitar syndrome", a rerouting of the scimitar vein was performed at the age of 6 years, but no embolisation of the aberrant systemic vessel was done. She presented with recurring respiratory problems 13 years later. An angiography revealed an invert flow from the aberrant systemic ...
Meiburger Kristen M - - 2011
Evaluation of the carotid artery wall is essential for the assessment of a patient's cardiovascular risk or for the diagnosis of cardiovascular pathologies. This paper presents a new, completely user-independent algorithm called carotid artery intima layer regional segmentation (CAILRS, a class of AtheroEdge™ systems), which automatically segments the intima layer ...
Moore Jonathan P - - 2011
In contrast to the reflex vasodilatation occurring in response to stimulation of baroreceptors in the aortic arch, carotid sinuses and coronary arteries, stimulation of receptors in the wall of pulmonary arteries results in reflex systemic vasoconstriction. It is rare for interventions to activate only one reflexogenic region, therefore we investigated ...
Pinter Laszlo - - 2011
Randomized controlled trials have shown that periprocedural rates of stroke and death are higher with carotid artery stenting (CAS) than with carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in the treatment of carotid artery stenosis. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) has shown higher rates of clinically silent new ischemic brain lesions when CAS is ...
Iannelli Gabriele - - 2011
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the usefulness of a new transfemoral device to avoid major complications related to residual type A aortic dissection following ascending aortic replacement. Case Reports: Three men (aged 60, 61, and 72 years, respectively) with a residual type A aortic dissection following replacement of the ascending aorta 1, ...
Jiang Sen - - 2011
The complete type of anomalous systemic arterial supply to normal basal lung segments is characterized by anomalous systemic artery supply to all or some of the normal basal segments with an absent corresponding pulmonary artery. Surgical intervention generally is required. This study reports on four patients with this anomaly with ...
Butts Ryan J RJ Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, USA. - - 2011
Differentiation of the so-called sinus venosus defect from other defects permitting shunting between the atrial chambers remains problematic. The lesion is not a true septal defect, and current theories to explain the existence of the sinus venosus defect fall short. The presence of persistent systemic to pulmonary venous connections has ...
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