Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 640
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Bolia A - - 1998
Patients with critical limb ischaemia (CLI) often have occlusive disease of the crural arteries. Therefore attempts at treating CLI by minimally invasive means has to be directed towards recanalization of occluded crural arteries. Subintimal angioplasty of long occlusions of the crural arteries is safe and effective and is therefore an ...
Wilson J A - - 1998
Coronary artery bypass surgery classically is undertaken with hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). There is a high incidence of neuropsychological defects after cardiac surgery, which may be related to cerebral ischaemia during the rewarming period. In this study, phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P MRS) was used to identify changes in cerebral ...
Burgwardt K - - 1998
A 62-year-old woman presented to the Emergency Department (ED) with chest pain, cough, subjective fever and chills. Symptoms had begun on the previous evening, three days after minimally invasive coronary artery bypass surgery (MICAB). A presumptive diagnosis of postpericardiotomy syndrome (postcardiac injury syndrome) was made and the patient admitted. This ...
Khaira H S - - 1998
Critical lower limb ischaemia can occur following rectal surgery by a number of mechanisms. Patients with aorto-iliac stenosis or occlusion may be dependent on collateral circulation to the lower limbs from the visceral arteries supplying the descending colon, sigmoid colon and the rectum. Division of these collaterals can precipitate critical ...
Tanemoto K - - 1998
We used the harmonic scalpel (an ultrasonic cutting and coagulating instrument) in coronary artery bypass surgery. The gastroepiploic artery was harvested using coagulating shears. The operating time was reduced without shortening or twisting of the artery. The blade-type was used for hemostasis around the coronary artery and also in dissecting ...
Pear S M - - 1998
Vancomycin prophylaxis for coronary artery bypass graft surgery without prosthetic valve implantation voluntarily decreased from 94% to 18% in one medical center. Median hospital stay (10 vs 9 days, P = .30) and number of postoperative infections (17.0% vs 14.3%, P = .60) did not differ among patients who received ...
Woodfield S L - - 1998
We present the case of a calcified right coronary artery lesion with a 90-degree exit angle. Attempts at rotational atherectomy led to wire transection and vessel wall perforation necessitating emergent pericardiocentesis and bypass surgery. We review the literature on complications of rotational atherectomy and the management of coronary perforations and ...
Galland R B - - 1998
AIM: This study aimed to examine changes in the provision of vascular services in the Oxford region over 5 years. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to all general surgeons in the region asking of their involvement in vascular surgery. Data were obtained from the Department of Health concerning vascular procedures ...
Ba┼čak M - - 1998
One of the severe complications of Behçet's syndrome is pulmonary arterial involvement. The authors report a patient with Behçet's syndrome who had the complications of multiple pulmonary arterial aneurysms presenting with hemoptysis and right ventricular thrombus. He underwent emergency surgery because of failure of intensive immunotherapy and died 2 months ...
McGee W A - - 1998
Coronary artery disease remains a predominant cause of morbidity and mortality in women. Some studies indicate that there exists a degree of gender bias in the distribution of surgical therapy for coronary artery disease. Numerous studies have demonstrated that female patients have a higher operative mortality rate when undergoing coronary ...
Coulson A A Division of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Dameron Hospital, Stockton, Calif, - - 1998
The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of an intracoronary cannula during minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass (MIDCAB) surgery. Evaluation of the coronary perfusion catheter was conducted during MIDCAB surgery to determine if there was any trauma to the coronary artery. The study was retrospective with ...
Coulson A S - - 1997
Traditional coronary artery bypass surgery involves a median sternotomy and the use of a heart-lung machine to stabilize the heart during suturing. Minimally invasive coronary artery surgery employs small incisions directly over the target vessels and avoids the use of a heart-lung machine, which can cause postoperative complications. The target ...
McEachern R C - - 1997
This is an uncommon case of a patient who developed pneumopericardium while being treated with face-mask continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for hypoxic respiratory failure following a coronary artery bypass graft surgery. A pneumopericardium detected by chest radiograph resolved completely after discontinuation of face-mask CPAP. Possible mechanisms that may have ...
Kawaguchi S - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated and analyzed the effect of superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery bypass for internal carotid artery occlusion on pure motor function using motor activation single photon emission computed tomography. METHODS: Motor activation single photon emission computed tomographic (SPECT) images were obtained for nine patients who had ...
Jickling J L - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To compare the information needs 24 to 48 hours before hospital discharge of male and female patients who have undergone first-time coronary artery bypass surgery. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive-comparative. SETTING: Teaching hospital in a city in central Canada. SAMPLE: The sample consisted of 20 men and 20 women who had ...
Cummings J F - - 1997
Coronary artery bypass surgery (CABS) is a common operation, which is often complicated by neurological sequelae. Disturbances of cerebral blood flow have been reported up to eight days after surgery and pituitary apoplexy has previously been reported. We report a case of hypopituitarism without pituitary apoplexy, which developed after a ...
Suzumura Y - - 1997
A 56-year-old woman underwent plication with U-stitches by thoracoscopic surgery for left diaphragmatic eventration. Marked improvement in left lung expansion, normalization of the position of the left diaphragm on chest radiograph, and improvement of pulmonary function and dyspnea on exertion have been maintained for 2 years. Plication for diaphragmatic eventration ...
Toomasian J M - - 1997
Minimally invasive surgery has been used in the treatment of some cardiovascular diseases. Port-Access surgery is a new minimally invasive technique that utilizes cardiopulmonary by-pass and a specialized catheter system that provides cardiopulmonary support and myocardial preservation. Extrathoracic cardiopulmonary support is established with femero-femoral bypass with kinetic assisted venous drainage. ...
Dougherty J E - - 1997
Bloodless cardiac surgery would be optimal for all patients undergoing major or complex heart surgery; however, for Jehovah's Witnesses it involves a religious law and is fundamentally mandated. In this context, we review a case of unstable angina with associated anemia requiring catheterization and definitive intervention in a Jehovah's Witness ...
Sullivan J M - - 1997
We examined the relation between postmenopausal estrogen placement therapy (ERT) and survival in 1,098 women who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Patients were selected for the study if their age was > or = 55 years at the time of preoperative coronary angiography or if they had previously undergone ...
Fujiwara T - - 1997
In order to examine the specificity of cytokine production during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery, we serially measured serum levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1), interleukin-8 (IL-8), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF), in twenty patients between 52 and 80 years of age, during ...
McCarthy J F - - 1997
Excessive bleeding post coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) remains a major source of morbidity and mortality. Approaching this bleeding with a resternotomy, while necessary in the vast majority of cases, is associated with an increased incidence of infections and sternal wound complications. A thoracoscopic approach in select patients with a ...
Hlozek C C - - 1997
At the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, RN first assistants (RNFAs) have replaced inexperienced interns and rotating general surgery residents as surgical first assistants. Their new role includes harvesting inferior epigastric arteries (IEAs) for coronary artery bypass procedures. The RNFAs remove the IEAs through paramedian incisions that extend from below the umbilicus ...
Ovcina F - - 1997
We studied the morphology and histology of intramural vessels in the sino-atrial [S-A] segment of the cardiac conducting system because of the clinical relevance of the anatomy of the microvascular system for those performing cardiac surgery or coronary angiography, catheterization or arterialization. In 25 human and 25 canine hearts the ...
Kuhan G - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Acute lower limb ischaemia following aortic surgery is commonly termed 'trash foot'. The exact cause of the ischaemia is unknown, but it has been attributed to athero-emboli from native arteries, thrombo-emboli from any prosthetic graft or thrombosis of small vessels in the distal arterial tree. METHODS: Review of 1601 ...
Reguillo F - - 1996
A new case of Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) suffering ischemic heart disease is reported. The patient was successfully operated on in our Institution and the bibliographic search showed only another case of such an association of diseases successfully treated by surgery. This patient proves that coronary artery surgery procedures are possible ...
Koide Y - - 1996
BACKGROUND: It has been demonstrated that new regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMAs) are infrequently associated with electrocardiographic (ECG) ischemic changes during coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. The evaluation of apical or basal areas by biplane transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) may clarify the relationship between RWMA and ECG changes. METHODS: Biplane ...
Jarow J P - - 1996
PURPOSE: We evaluated the long-term results of arterial bypass surgery in impotent men carefully selected for nonatherosclerotic arterial vascular disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a 7-year period only 11 of 1,352 impotent men (0.8%) were selected as ideal candidates for arterial vascular surgery. Initial evaluation included history, physical examination and ...
Stump David A. - - 1996
The dramatic decline in mortality related to cardiac surgery has resulted in over 330,000 surgeries involving cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) being performed yearly in the United States. Although few patients die as a result of cardiac surgery, over two thirds of the patients demonstrate evidence of acute neuropsychological dysfunction postoperatively. The ...
Miller S S - - 1996
This new instrument is a metal cannula designed for use in creating controlled intracorporeal knots similar to instrument ties used in open surgery. It can therefore be used in a number of situations in laparoscopic surgery for ligation in continuity-for example, of the undivided cystic duct or of a vascular ...
Shivalkar B - - 1996
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to identify hibernating myocardium (hypocontractile, hypoperfused viable myocardium that regains contractility after revascularization) in the clinical setting and to predict functional outcome in patients with coronary artery disease after coronary revascularization. METHODS AND RESULTS: Preoperative data related to the anterior free wall of ...
Piriou V - - 1996
Cholesterol crystal embolization (CCE) may be triggered by various factors: intra-arterial angiographic procedures, aortic or vascular surgery, anticoagulant or thrombolytic treatments, or both. There are few previous reports of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) experiencing and therefore displaying severe systemic CCE. We describe four patients presenting, shortly after ...
Marzelle J - - 1996
Angioscopy has been used in the superficial femoral artery for many years, as well as in the control of vascular surgery procedures. It is more reliable than angiography, which often misses such features as intimal flaps, residual valves in "in situ" vein bypasses or persisting thrombus after embolectomy. As fluid ...
Morris R W - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between smoking status, clinical need, and likelihood of coronary artery bypass grafting in middle aged men. DESIGN: A prospective study of cardiovascular disease in British men aged 40 to 59 years, screened in 1978-80 and followed until December 1991. SUBJECTS AND SETTING: 7735 men drawn ...
Vingerhoets G - - 1996
This prospective study reinvestigates the effect of asymptomatic carotid artery disease on the cognitive outcome after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) (Harrison et al., 1989). Patients (N = 104) scheduled for cardiac surgery using CPB were classified in one of two groups based on the results of a preoperative duplex B mode ...
Heaton J P - - 1996
Erectile function is markedly affected by acute alterations in circulatory homeostasis of which coronary artery bypass graft surgery is an excellent model. A group of consecutive patients who had undergone coronary artery bypass surgery 6-12 months previously were selected for detailed review by questionnaires that scored their pre-operative and post-operative ...
Grönroos J M - - 1996
OBJECTIVE: To study the catalytic activity of phospholipase A2 and the concentrations of group I and group II phospholipase A2 in the sera of patients during and after coronary artery bypass surgery. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: University hospital and research laboratory. PATIENTS: Fourteen consecutive patients operated on for ischemic heart ...
Unger F - - 1996
Since 1990 the Institute of Cardiac Survey has compiled data on open heart surgery. In 1993 247,943 operations were performed. Subsets have been performed as follows: 61.9%: 153,670 of the operations were on the coronaries (CABG), 22.8%: 56,574 for valve replacement, 9.7%: 24,174 for congenital lesions, 2.5%: 6,308 other operations, ...
Riesenman J P - - 1995
We report a case of a depressed patient who received a full course of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) 2 weeks post four-vessel coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). ECT was well tolerated, and a full remission was induced. In spite of the lack of information in the literature concerning guidelines for ...
Gårdebäck M - - 1995
The effect of low-dose dopexamine and dopamine on gastric intramucosal pH (pHi) during cardiac surgery and 16 hours postoperatively was studied in 35 adults patients (coronary artery bypass grafting and/or valve replacement). The patients were assigned randomly to treatment groups with either dopexamine (1 microgram.kg-1.min-1 (n = 12), dopamine 2.5 ...
Bell J - - 1995
Total intravenous anaesthesia with propofol and fentanyl was used in 23 patients undergoing coronary artery and 16 patients undergoing valve surgery and the haemodynamic effects in the two groups were compared. Baseline values showed that the valve surgery group had a higher mean heart rate, pulmonary artery wedge pressure and ...
Louagie Y - - 1995
Patient characteristics and the results of cardiac surgery change with time. To achieve the best possible treatment a continual analysis of results is necessary. The present study analyzes 1225 consecutive patients undergoing isolated aortocoronary bypass surgery for the four-year period ending September 1993. Average age was 63 years (range 32-86 ...
Lund G O - - 1995
Young patients with impotence and cavernous arterial insufficiency resulting from trauma-induced arterial occlusive disease are ideal candidates for microvascular arterial bypass surgery. To avoid the long abdominal incision required to harvest the inferior epigastric artery, a laparoscopic approach was used. We report a case of laparoscopically assisted penile revascularization for ...
Jahangiri M - - 1995
The effects of radiation on the heart have been well described including acute and chronic pericarditis, myocardial fibrosis, accelerated arteriosclerosis of the coronary arteries. However, valvular dysfunction secondary to mediastinal irradiation has received less attention. We report two cases who developed valvular dysfunction associated with coronary artery disease possibly caused ...
Gomez-Tortosa E - - 1995
We report on a right-handed bilingual patient with a left perisylvian arteriovenous malformation that caused a mild naming deficit evident only on formal language testing in both languages. Sodium amytal injected in the left carotid artery (Wada test) before surgery resulted in speech arrest for both languages. Following surgery for ...
Moneta G L - - 1995
A large proportion of general vascular surgery involves diagnosis and operative treatment of disorders of the arterial system. To a great extent, advances in the operative care of patients with arterial disease have been dependent on the development of clinically satisfactory arterial substitutes. Currently, based on extensive basic research and ...
Kyzer S - - 1995
A case of erroneous diagnosis of left ureteric injury and its results is reported. An 86-year-old man was operated on for perforated diverticulitis. A tubular structure was injured at the left paracolic gutter and repaired over double J catheter. Six months later the proximal side of the catheter was found ...
Oba J - - 1995
We investigated the alterations in the coagulation and fibrinolysis systems after aortic aneurysm surgery under cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) while using newly developed "molecular markers". Fibrinogen and antithrombin III (AT-III) decreased after surgery but returned to normal values within three days. The thrombin-antithrombin III complex (TAT) and plasmin-alpha-2-plasmin inhibitor complex (PIC) ...
Khan S S - - 1994
The most quoted long-term outcome studies from the coronary artery bypass surgery literature were performed in the 1970s, and these trials--the Coronary Artery Surgery Study, the Veterans Administration Study, and the European Cooperative Study--added significantly to our knowledge of the efficacy of bypass surgery. However, important studies are still being ...
Frank R A - - 1994
In recent years reoperative coronary artery bypass surgery has become increasingly more commonplace. This article reviews the current status of this procedure with regard to patient population, risk factors, and long-term follow-up. Important aspects of the specific technical considerations involved in reoperative surgery are also reviewed and evaluated.
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