Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 1194
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Dare A O - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Extensive experience and critical evaluation of the efficacy of a pharmacologic hypotensive challenge during conventional balloon test occlusion (BTO) of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is lacking. This prompted us to review our institution's most recent experience with this adjunctive provocative test before planned therapeutic balloon occlusion of the ...
Chaufour X - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects on the aortic wall of balloon dilatation as utilised in deployment of stent-graft devices during endoluminal repair of infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm. METHODS: Large dilatation balloons were expanded within the aorta of 41 cadavers. Testing was done to evaluate the effect of differing degrees of ...
Asakura Y - - 1998
A 65-year-old man with a restenotic lesion of the mid LAD was scheduled for Wiktor stent placement. The IVUS revealed circumferential severe calcification. Two conventional, non-compliant angioplasty balloons inflated to high pressures failed to achieved sufficient dilatation and both ruptured. At this point, we selected high pressure inflation of the ...
Chern M S - - 1998
Percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy using the Inoue technique was performed in a patient with a severe subvalvular lesion. Although not entrapped or impeded by the subvalvular lesion, the distal balloon was levered upwards and the procedure ended up with the balloon catheter popping-out during the late phase of inflation.
de Smet B J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: Remodeling in de novo atherosclerosis and in restenosis after balloon angioplasty constitutes a change in total arterial circumference which, together with plaque growth or neointimal formation, determines the lumen of the artery. To better understand the fundamental biology of neointimal formation, remodeling and their interaction, animal studies are needed. ...
Sing R F - - 1998
A 42-year-old man sustained a gunshot wound to the frontal process of the left maxilla just lateral to the nasal bone medial to the maxilla that caused profuse hemorrhage. Anterior and posterior nasal packing along with packing of the gunshot wound with Vaseline gauze did not control the hemorrhage. A ...
Molnar H M - - 1998
Long-term use of an intra-aortic balloon pump is often necessary for patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction who are awaiting cardiac transplantation. Complications caused by prolonged bed rest and immobility can occur when the traditional femoral approach is used for insertion of the balloon catheter. Insertion of the intra-aortic balloon ...
Galli M - - 1998
We performed percutaneous balloon pericardiotomy and pulmonary valvuloplasty in a woman affected with cardiac and pericardial involvement from a primary pulmonary adenocarcinoma. Pericardial window was indicated for a recurrent, symptomatic, pericardial effusion. Valvular stenosis was severe and related to metastatic infiltration of cardiac tissue. Open surgery was avoided and the ...
Shimauchi A - - 1998
We examined effects of a prostaglandin E1 analogue alprostadil on intimal thickening and arterial remodeling in balloon-injured rat carotid arteries. Right common carotid arteries were balloon-injured, and their left counterparts were sham-operated (uninjured). Rats were given alprostadil (0.3 microgram/kg/min, continuous subcutaneous (s.c.) infusion) or vehicle for 1 week after the ...
Cipriani L - - 1998
Intra-aortic balloon pump entrapment is a rare complication that may necessitate major abdominal surgery that is potentially life threatening in the critically ill patients who require balloon counterpulsation. We report successful removal of a ruptured and entrapped intra-aortic balloon pump catheter after use of streptokinase solution to clear clots from ...
Bao J Y - - 1998
Under certain circumstances during microsurgical anastomosis, vasospasm may persist, despite the use of multiple topical vasodilators. Mechanical dilatation may be needed but is difficult to perform in vessels smaller than 1 mm in diameter. Milking dilatation, a simple maneuver similar to a milking patency test, is introduced and tested for ...
Lindhardt T B - - 1998
Continuous monitoring of left ventricular (LV) function during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) was performed in 40 patients (53 +/- 2 years) with a miniature, nuclear detector system after labeling the patients' red blood cells with technetium-99m. Balloon dilation (113 seconds, range 60 to 240) induced on average a 0.12 ...
Godart F - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Balloon dilatation of the pulmonary valve remains controversial as a palliative procedure in tetralogy of Fallot. AIMS: To determine the clinical outcome, growth of the pulmonary vascular tree and findings at surgery of balloon dilatation of the pulmonary valve performed as a palliation in infants with tetralogy of Fallot. ...
Fatkin D - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Thromboembolism after percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy (PBMV) has been attributed to dislodement of preexisting thrombus during transseptal puncture and instrumentation of the left atrium. The occurrence of thromboembolic events after PBMV in the absence of demonstrable left atrial thrombus before PBMV suggests that thrombus might form during the procedure. ...
Radhakrishnan S - - 1998
Dilation of blood vessels transluminally was demonstrated by Dr Andreas Gruntzig in 1978. In 1982, Kan demonstrated that congenitally stenosed valve can be dilated with the use of cylindrical balloon and opened up new vistas in the non-surgical treatment of congenital heart lesions. Rapid progress has been now made in ...
Statius van Eps R G - - 1998
Intimal hyperplasia (IH) plays a dominant role in the development of restenosis. In previous studies, photodynamic therapy (PDT) prevented IH induced by segmental balloon injury of the rat carotid. The critical elements required to control IH effectively with this technique are not fully understood. This study assessed the importance of ...
Ino T - - 1998
PURPOSE: Little information is available about the dilatation mechanism in children. This prospective study aimed to (1) evaluate the dilatation mechanism of balloon angioplasty in children with arterial stenosis, and (2) compare the morphological changes seen by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and angiography. METHODS: Twenty consecutive patients, who had undergone a ...
Farshid A - - 1998
We report a case of intracoronary embolization of a ring marker on a stent sheath. The Microsnare device was unsuitable because of the distal position of the marker. After failing to retrieve the marker using an over-the-wire balloon and the two-wire technique, we succeeded in removing the marker using a ...
Bruijns R H - - 1998
To investigate the role of the sympathetic nervous system in angiotensin II (AngII)-stimulated medial and neointimal smooth muscle cell (SMC) replication, we sympathectomized rats with 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) in which the left carotid artery was injured by a balloon catheter. Balloon injury is associated with a loss of specific [3H]-prazosin binding. ...
Bahl V K - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is firstly to highlight the ease with which the antegrade balloon aortic valvuloplasty can be performed with the Inoue balloon and secondly, the utility of the Inoue rubber nylon self-positioning balloon catheter used for twin valve dilatation. STUDY DESIGN: Percutaneous balloon valvuloplasty is being ...
Pozzi M - - 1998
The same system of intraaortic balloon pumping has been used in 2 infants after surgical repair of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the main pulmonary artery. Intraaortic balloon pumping was started in the first patient on the second postoperative day, whereas in the second patient it was ...
Wilson N - - 1998
A 15 month old baby girl with pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect, and multiple aortopulmonary collateral arteries underwent rotational ablation assisted balloon angioplasty of a severely stenosed collateral artery that had previously proved undilatable using a high pressure non-compliant balloon angioplasty catheter. It is postulated that the rotablation debulked a ...
Adachi M - - 1998
We performed a histopathological study of two human brains to look at dilated Virchow-Robin (V-R) spaces in the anterior perforated substance and putamen. We measured the diameter of 74 arteries in 54 dilated V-R spaces. In 28 patients without neurological deficits we ascertained the characteristic location of dilated V-R spaces ...
Perrée J - - 1998
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Restenosis after balloon angioplasty is the summated effect of intimal hyperplasia and arterial shrinkage, both caused by hyperproliferation. In the present study, the potential of a photochemotherapeutic modality (Psoralen + UVA: PUVA) for the prevention of angioplasty induced proliferation was explored. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS: In rabbit ...
Alehan D - - 1998
The Fontan operation is used to supply a ventriculo-arterial connection in patients with tricuspid atresia. An important complication is the obstruction of the conduit that may necessitate reoperation. In these patients balloon dilation of the conduit stenosis has been advocated as a method to relieve the obstruction and postpone surgical ...
Avizohar Ophir - - 1998
This study was conducted to test the hypothesis that endothelin levels may be related to the coronary artery manipulation during balloon angioplasty (BA) or rotational atherectomy (RA). Blood endothelin levels were measured in 35 patients who underwent BA and in 11 patients who underwent RA followed by adjunctive balloon angioplasty. ...
Sakakibara Y - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To test the feasibility of an intraluminal balloon occlusion technique for the control of sudden arterial disruption from cervical branches in patients with advanced malignancy. BACKGROUND: A sudden disruption of large cervical arteries is a devastating complication of advanced cervical malignancy and local infection. METHODS: Three patients with this ...
Marano G - - 1998
The contribution of endothelin to the genesis of neointimal development in collared rabbit carotid arteries, a widely accepted model of atherosclerosis, was investigated. Three sets of rabbits were studied. In the first group, a non-occlusive, biologically inert silastic collar was positioned around the right carotid artery of the rabbit. In ...
Misra V K - - 1997
Substantial evidence of postangioplasty vasoconstriction is available, both at the dilated site and distal to balloon injury, demonstrating its frequent occurrence. It is likely that even mild or moderate vasoconstriction at the site of balloon injury may create flow turbulence, promoting platelet aggregation and contributing to thrombotic vessel closure. The ...
Goel P K - - 1997
Balloon dilatation of valvular aortic stenosis is often associated with problems of balloon seating across the valve and slippage during performance of dilatation. We describe 2 patients with congenital aortic stenosis who underwent balloon dilatation using the Inoue balloon, which to the best of our knowledge has not been reported ...
Pasterkamp G - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Before balloon dilation, failure of compensatory enlargement and even arterial shrinkage are frequently observed at the lesion site in response to plaque accumulation. Balloon angioplasty may be regarded as artificial remodeling to enlarge the artery. The prevalence of the different types of arterial wall remodeling after applied stretch by ...
Noppen M - - 1997
Bronchoscopic balloon dilatation (BBD) using angioplasty balloon catheters has been employed successfully in the treatment of tracheobronchial stenoses in children and has worked with variable success in adults with bronchial stenosis. In adults with tracheal stenosis, BBD only has been reported anecdotally. In this study, experience with BBD using a ...
Joseph G - - 1997
Mechanisms of cardiac perforation in 10 cases of cardiac tamponade encountered in a single-center series of 903 balloon mitral valvuloplasty procedures were elucidated by precise localization of the site of perforation at subsequent surgery. These mechanisms were perforation of the aortic root and adjacent right atrium by sliding up of ...
Eltchaninoff H - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to compare, by angioscopy, the morphologic changes induced by rotational atherectomy, followed by additional angioplasty, with those observed after balloon angioplasty alone. BACKGROUND: Rotational atherectomy and balloon angioplasty act by different mechanisms, which could explain the difference in morphologic changes induced by these two techniques. METHODS: ...
Salzmann D L - - 1997
The search for less invasive treatments for cardiovascular disease has lead to the development of endovascular stent grafts, metallic and alloy stents surrounded by prosthetic vascular graft material. Introduced intravascularly, the deployment of stent grafts requires balloon dilatation of the device which results in expansion of the stent along with ...
Steenhuijsen J L - - 1997
A relation between restenosis and arterial lesions resulting from balloon angioplasty has been suggested in literature. Nevertheless, it is unclear to what extent angioplasty-induced arterial wall lesions contribute to the occurrence of restenosis. One problem is that arterial ruptures cannot be detected during balloon inflation. This study describes a method ...
Trant C A CA - - 1997
Branch pulmonary artery stenosis is a common problem in pediatric cardiology. Treatment has included surgery, balloon angioplasty, and balloon expandable stent placement. It was the purpose of this investigation to demonstrate the cost-effectiveness of each of these modes of treatment. From 1983 to 1994 there were 30 patients admitted for ...
Tierney G - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: Intra-aortic balloon pumping is a therapeutic technique which carries a significant morbidity related to the interaction between the balloon catheter and the aorta. The aim of this study was to visualise directly the dynamic action of the balloon catheter within the cadaveric human aorta in an artificial circulation. METHODS: ...
Khowsathit P - - 1997
Balloon valvuloplasty has become the treatment of choice in pulmonary valvular stenosis. The objective of this report is to review the experience of this procedure in children at the Department of Pediatrics, Ramathibodi Hospital in the past 4 years (1991-1994) with at least one year follow-up. During the study period, ...
Siegel L C - - 1997
BACKGROUND: A method for monitoring patients was evaluated in a clinical trial of minimally invasive port-access cardiac surgery with closed chest endovascular cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS AND RESULTS: Cardiopulmonary bypass was conducted in 25 patients through femoral cannulas. An endovascular pulmonary artery vent was placed in the main pulmonary artery through ...
Teupe C H - - 1997
The transvalvular gradient was investigated in 14 patients with pulmonary stenosis 5 to 9 years after balloon valvuloplasty. None of the patients had developed restenosis, and in those who had a peak gradient >100 mm Hg before valvuloplasty, the gradient decreased further due to resolution of subvalvular muscular hypertrophy within ...
Oberhoff M - - 1997
It has been reported previously that systemic application of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) suppresses smooth muscle cell (SMC) proliferation after balloon angioplasty in experimental studies. However, the high concentration of heparin required for a beneficial effect may cause severe bleeding complications. The ideal situation to overcome the systemic side ...
Pavlides G S - - 1997
Local drug delivery at the lesion site in patients with coronary artery disease is being intensively studied to prevent restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention. However, the effective penetration of the delivered agents into the vessel wall and delivery time remain considerable problems for all currently existing devices. A unique, new ...
Wang A - - 1997
Balloon aortic valvuloplasty is a percutaneous, therapeutic option for patients with severe aortic stenosis, yet the effectiveness of this procedure is dependent on the morphology of the stenotic aortic valve and the respective mechanism of dilation. In younger patients with congenital aortic stenosis, acute and intermediate-term results are good. However, ...
Barath P - - 1997
OBJECTIVES: We describe a new angioplasty device (Infiltrator Angioplasty Balloon Catheter; IABC) with intramural drug delivery capability. The conventional balloon part of the device, when inflated, dilates the vessel or has three rows of longitudinally mounted infiltrator nipples to penetrate the tunica media. Through an independent infiltrator port and nipples, ...
Baumbach A - - 1997
Local drug delivery can be achieved with active injection systems or passive contact of a compound with the arterial wall. The Dispatch catheter allows for passive diffusion of drugs from drug compartments while preserving blood flow through the central conduit. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a ...
Azrin M A - - 1997
Intraluminal delivery of antisense oligonucleotides to c-myb was assessed following balloon angioplasty in swine peripheral arteries. Successful delivery and intramural persistence of oligonucleotide for over 24 h were demonstrated following angioplasty with hydrogel balloons coated with 32P-labeled antisense. Delivery of fluorescein-labeled antisense demonstrated further localization within the arterial media and ...
Robinson K A - - 1997
When delivered locally to the arterial wall by passive fluid transfer systems such as perforated balloons, water-soluble compounds in aqueous solution are not readily taken up by tissue, show low levels of cellular localization, and are quickly lost by wash-out. One approach to improve delivery is addition of an "active" ...
Luo H - - 1997
Intravascular ultrasound measurements of arterial cross-sectional area at the site of balloon dilatation are quantitatively accurate and consistent with measurements by digital planimetry. Lumen cross-sectional area determinations are virtually the same and the minor differences in total arterial cross-sectional area are probably related to the dehydration of each specimen, which ...
Bertrand O F - - 1997
Resistant coronary lesions remain a challenge for modern angioplasty. Classical approaches include high-pressure inflations, prolonged inflations, or balloon oversizing. More recently, new technologies like rotablator, atherectomy, or laser have been proposed as adjunct to balloon angioplasty for the treatment of these specific lesions. However, all these technologies remain more difficult ...
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