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Haponik E F - - 1989
Pulmonary sporotrichosis is an uncommon condition that may mimic tuberculosis. We present a patient who, years after antifungal therapy, presented with massive pulmonary hemorrhage. Although such life-threatening hemoptysis caused by sporotrichosis is rare, the possibility of this complication of progressive disease should influence decisions regarding medical and surgical treatment of ...
Rosenthal D - - 1989
Many patients who suffer a massive pulmonary embolus die despite emergent therapy. In these desperately ill patients an aggressive, combined method of management was initiated to improve their chances and quality of survival. During a 5-year period 10 patients were treated with (1) low-dose topical, intrapulmonary thrombolytic therapy to dissolve ...
Goossens A - - 1989
Solitary exulceratio simplex (ulcer of Dieulafoy--Dieulafoy vascular malformation) is a rare and frequently overlooked cause of massive gastric hemorrhage. The source of the bleeding, a large, submucosal artery penetrating the centre of a small mucosal defect, is usually located in the upper portion of the stomach. The pathogenesis of this ...
Shapiro M J - - 1988
Surgical therapy for massive hemoptysis associated with pulmonary aspergilloma carries a high morbidity and mortality in patients with limited pulmonary reserve. Bronchial artery embolization has proven ineffective in treating and in preventing recurrent episodes of hemoptysis in this group of patients. Over a four-and-one-half year period, we have successfully treated ...
Lee S C - - 1988
Acute massive pulmonary collapse following reflex bronchospasm is described in a patient undergoing general anesthesia. The authors suggest that a chest radiograph should be taken as routine procedure after the onset of airway constriction during anesthesia.
Buckels N J - - 1988
Untreated massive pulmonary embolism is associated with a high mortality. Pulmonary embolectomy has been largely superceded by thrombolytic therapy, but there are cases in which pulmonary embolectomy remains the treatment of choice. We present three case reports and discuss the merits of the various treatments available for massive pulmonary embolism. ...
Cooper S G - - 1988
Two patients with massive upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage due to duodenal ulceration underwent visceral angiography. In both cases there was extravasation of contrast from the cystic artery directly into the duodenal lumen. Selective transcatheter embolization of the right hepatic artery was performed in each patient, and in both cases, hemorrhage was ...
Gray H H - - 1988
Between 1964 and 1986 a total of 71 pulmonary embolectomies were performed for acute massive pulmonary embolism. All patients were severely compromised haemodynamically. Sixteen (64%) of 25 patients who had sustained significant periods of cardiac arrest before operation died. The principal cause of death in this group was severe neurological ...
Mosquera J A - - 1988
Black sputum is produced when cavitation of progressive massive fibrosis occurs due to mycobacterial and anaerobic bacterial infections (67%) or ischaemic necrosis. The blackish or greyish sputum suggests cavitation of conglomerated masses; the acinar shadows in gravity dependent areas together with cavitary pneumoconiosis, make us suspect an insufficiency of bronchial ...
Dahl O E - - 1988
This study was designed to evaluate the contribution of the plasma cascade systems to the cardiopulmonary complications, occasionally leading to sudden death during hip arthroplasty using acrylic cement. The intraoperative pattern following uneventful surgery was therefore investigated in 8 patients with osteoarthrosis with frequent sampling from the radial and pulmonary ...
Sui G J - - 1988
A description is given of a disease of infants occurring in Lhasa, Tibet at an altitude of 3600 m. Typically if affects infants who have been born at low altitude and subsequently brought to residue in Lhasa, and it is usually fatal within a few weeks or months. There is ...
Lincoln M J - - 1988
We describe an elderly patient with an unusual presentation of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (Rendu-Osler-Weber disease) involving the lung. He had recurrent "pneumonia" caused by massive hemorrhage from endobronchial telangiectases. When stable, he was normoxic, had no evidence of right-to-left shunting, and had mild pulmonary arterial hypertension. His pulmonary telangiectases may ...
Keller F S - - 1987
Twenty patients with massive or recurrent hemoptysis underwent percutaneous transcatheter embolotherapy between 1979 and 1986 for the following diseases: cavitary aspergillosis (n = 4); cystic fibrosis (n = 4); tuberculosis (n = 3); bronchogenic carcinoma (n = 3); bronchiectasis (n = 3); small cell lung carcinoma 6 years after irradiation ...
Memon M A - - 1987
An 8-year-old Quarter Horse stallion was admitted with a swelling involving the prepuce, dorsal part of the scrotum, and root of the penis. The swelling was first noticed 10 days after breeding, with no evidence that it had resulted from a kick by the mare. The penis was retracted into ...
Benbow E W - - 1987
The Chiari network is an embryologic remnant that is said to be present in only 1.5-3% of adults. It is rarely of clinical importance but may, very infrequently, be the site of thrombosis. The authors describe a patient in whom a massive right atrial thrombus formed on a Chiari network, ...
Goodman N W - - 1987
An 11-yr-old girl suffered a massive pulmonary embolus during an operation to insert an artificial bladder sphincter. Forty minutes after the induction of anaesthesia, the heart rate increased and she became hypotensive and deeply cyanosed. A definitive diagnosis was not made during surgery, but she improved after 45 min of ...
Schrodt J F - - 1987
Surgery remains the treatment of choice for massive and recurrent hemoptysis. In some instances, however, immediate surgical intervention is contraindicated. In these situations, bronchial artery embolization (BAE) has proved to be a successful definitive treatment for non-surgical candidates and a palliative therapy in patients requiring hemodynamic stabilization prior to surgery. ...
Muthuswamy P P - - 1987
Management of massive hemoptysis in patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis is complicated. Transcatheter hemostatic embolization of bleeding vessels with absorbable material has been reported to be useful in controlling this problem. Twelve patients with active pulmonary tuberculosis who had major or massive hemoptysis were managed at Cook County Hospital, Chicago, ...
Garino J P - - 1987
Carotid hemorrhage secondary to peritonsillar abscess occurs infrequently today because of the effectiveness of antibiotic therapy. When it does occur, however, emergency physicians unfamiliar with such a complication may have difficulty making its diagnosis and instituting appropriate therapy. Prevention is the easiest way to treat septic erosion. Abscesses are treated ...
Cabrera Fischer E I - - 1987
Massive acute pulmonary thromboembolism has a high mortality within the first few hours. Surgical intervention can remove only larger thrombi. Systemic fibrinolytic administration requires many hours for adequate treatment. We describe an anesthetized dog model of acute, massive, disseminated pulmonary thromboembolism achieved by injection of 1.7 ml/kg of 1-hour-old thrombi ...
Eller A W - - 1987
In a review of 160 cases of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), 14 patients were found to have an associated persistent hyaloid vascular system. The following four different manifestations of a persistent hyaloid system were identified: hyaloid artery anastomosed to peripheral neovascularization (1 case); hyaloid artery present with attached retina (3 ...
Katoh O - - 1987
In seven patients with nonmalignant disease, we bronchoscopically observed various types of bronchial arterial lesions that may have caused hemorrhage. Five of the seven showed a bulging lesion, and the other two demonstrated an intrabronchial mass. We also examined these seven patients using selective bronchial arteriography. Herein we report our ...
Mehta A C - - 1987
Massive hemoptysis is the expectoration of approximately 600 ml of blood in twenty-four hours. Major causes of massive hemoptysis are tuberculosis, bronchiectasis, pulmonary neoplasm, fungus ball, bronchial adenomas, lung abscess, intrabronchial rupture of an aortic aneurysm, cystic fibrosis, pulmonary infarction, and pulmonary trauma. Other, less common causes include Goodpasture's syndrome, ...
Swain C P - - 1987
This article reviews the pathophysiology and management of bleeding peptic ulcer. Ulcers bleed when and because they erode into a blood vessel, and bleed massively when they erode into a medium- or large-sized artery. Focal pathology at the bleeding point (such as arteritis, aneurysmal dilatation or recanalized thrombus) contributes to ...
Barberis M - - 1987
Behçet syndrome in association with pulmonary manifestations is rare. We describe a patient suffering from recurrent oral and genital ulcerations, conjunctivitis, thrombophlebitis and fluctuating radiological opacities in the lungs who died after massive haemoptysis. The autopsy showed a necrotizing vasculitis involving pulmonary arteries, muscular arteries and veins. It was complicated ...
Kaufmann K - - 1987
This case reports a 23-year-old female who experienced a massive bilateral pulmonary embolism. The source of thrombi was found to be in a large saccular aneurysm of the right ovarian vein. The pulmonary emboli were treated by local infusion of streptokinase. The patient was cured after removal of the aneurysm ...
Sassoon C S - - 1987
A fatal massive pulmonary embolus developed in a patient treated with streptokinase for acute deep vein thrombosis. This fatal complication occurred despite a careful selection of the patient and the presence of a lytic state. Embolization of a fragmented thrombus or/and attenuation of the lytic state leading to fresh embolization ...
Taguchi T - - 1987
Unilateral absence of a pulmonary artery is an uncommon condition and usually complicated by a cardiac anomaly. Our case is a rare one who showed the absence of the left pulmonary artery with left aortic arch and without cardiac anomaly. He suffered from recurrent hemoptysis and pneumonia since he was ...
Kohno S - - 1986
A 34 year old man suffering from oral and genital ulceration with uveitis (the complete type of Behçet's syndrome) developed fluctuating radiological opacities in the right lung and showed recurrent hemoptysis. Pulmonary angiography showed multiple aneurysms and obstruction of the pulmonary arteries. After he was treated with prednisolone, the symptoms ...
Robison R J - - 1986
Massive pulmonary embolus usually leads to in-hospital mortality if not treated aggressively. Four patients were seen with severe cardiorespiratory compromise resulting from massive pulmonary emboli. Emergent pulmonary embolectomy was followed by marked clinical improvement, and 3 patients were subsequently discharged from the hospital. The clinical courses of these patients are ...
Seal R M - - 1986
Lungs from 123 coalworkers coming to necropsy were examined to determine the association between dust related changes in the central lymph nodes and progressive massive fibrosis and secondary foci in the lung parenchyma. Increasingly extensive changes of the central nodes were scored macroscopically, the highest scores indicating erosion through the ...
Goldbaum T S - - 1986
An elderly man with tuberculous aortitis presented with massive gastrointestinal bleeding resulting from an aortoduodenal fistula. Aortic resection was successful, and he has done well over a 12 year period. The organism was recovered from the aorta and also seen on section of the neighboring lymph nodes. Although tuberculous aortitis ...
Yang S C - - 1986
An echodense mass in the right atrium was detected incidentally by two-dimensional echocardiography (ECHO) in a patient with clinical suggestions of cardiogenic shock. Autopsy revealed a cylindrical thrombus extending from the right atrium through a patent foramen ovale, and bilateral massive pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE). Pulmonary thromboembolism should be one of ...
Cadotte R - - 1986
Angiographic studies of the bronchial and other systemic thoracic arteries were requested by referring physicians in 21 patients, in 18 cases because of hemoptysis. Selective catheterization was carried out in 18 of the 21, and in an additional two patients the bronchial arteries were identified by thoracic aortography. Five examples ...
Casola G - - 1986
Massive dilatation of the cecum developed in an elderly man following admission for an acute episode of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage complicated by myocardial infarction, ventricular fibrillation, and pulmonary edema. A diagnosis of pseudo-obstruction was made. After an unsuccessful attempt at colonoscopy, percutaneous cecostomy was performed under computed tomographic guidance, using ...
Beilin B - - 1986
Massive pneumoperitoneum developing immediately following initiation of artificial ventilation is an unusual sign of pulmonary barotrauma, and must be distinguished from pneumoperitoneum following rupture of a hollow abdominal viscus. We present a case of massive pneumoperitoneum and scrotal pneumatocele which we attributed to pulmonary barotrauma after excluding other causes. Awareness ...
Jardin F - - 1985
Intravenous dobutamine was used in ten patients requiring aggressive therapy for massive pulmonary embolism with circulatory failure. Except in one patient who rapidly died, a 30-min dobutamine infusion (8.3 +/- 2.7 micrograms/kg . min) increased both cardiac index (from 1.7 +/- 0.4 to 2.3 +/- 0.6 L/min . m2, p ...
Haydon J R - - 1985
An investigation by a Naval Board of Inquiry into the circumstances of a fatal naval diving accident is presented. Although drowning contributed to the fatal outcome, massive arterial gas embolism is thought to have been the principal cause of death, and the value of post-mortem computed tomography scanning for its ...
Cohle S D - - 1985
A 16-year-old pregnant female presented to a hospital emergency room with vaginal bleeding and uterine cramping. She underwent a hysterotomy and curettage and, during the procedure, her pulse dropped from 130 to 30 beats/minute, her pO2 fell to 10 mm of mercury, and she could not be resuscitated. At autopsy, ...
Verhaegen J - - 1985
A case of bacteremia caused by Yersinia enterocolitica serotype 3, biotype 4, is described in a 79-year-old man with an aortic bifurcation prosthesis. He died, in spite of antibiotics, from massive intraabdominal bleeding at the infected suture site. Yersinia, like Salmonella, seems to have a special affinity for damaged endovascular ...
Dicicco B S - - 1985
A 62-year-old man developed massive lower gastrointestinal tract bleeding. Upper endoscopy and superior mesenteric arteriography initially failed to disclose a cause of bleeding. On rebleeding, intra-arterial vasopressin infusion during repeated arteriography caused reflux of dye into the iliac vessels to allow visualization of an arterial-enteric fistula. Exploratory laparotomy subsequently revealed ...
Hazarika P - - 1985
Nasopharyngeal angiofibroma (NPA) is a highly vascular, infiltrative tumour that occurs exclusively in the nasopharynx of young males. It is of special interest on account of its serious complications, and the difficulties that are encountered at the time of treatment. Various surgical approaches have been mentioned for both naso- and ...
Kumazaki T - - 1985
In selective pulmonary angiography, a low osmolality contrast medium, ioxaglate, was compared with diatrizoate from the aspects of subjective discomfort and angiographic information. A cross-over analysis was done in 40 cases. The intensity of local heat sensation during and after the injection of ioxaglate was significantly lower than with diatrizoate. ...
Abud-Mendoza C - - 1985
We describe 12 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who developed massive pulmonary hemorrhage with very active disease. Other causes of pulmonary bleeding were excluded. Eleven of the 12 patients died, but only 4 had hemoptysis. Massive pulmonary hemorrhage should be suspected, even in the absence of hemoptysis, in severely ...
Imgrund S P - - 1985
Pulmonary resection, when possible, is the conventional treatment of massive hemoptysis. Alternatives include bronchial artery embolization, Fogarty catheter balloon tamponade, and pharmacologic approaches. We used endotracheal intubation and flexible bronchoscopy to locate the bleeding site in three of four patients with massive hemoptysis. These cases are used to review the ...
Trento A - - 1985
The clinical management of massive hemoptysis in patients with cystic fibrosis proceeds according to the following paradigm. The site of bleeding is identified by bronchoscopy, ideally under general anesthesia. Then selective bronchial arteriography is performed. If collaterals to the spinal cord are visualized, arterial embolization is abandoned and pulmonary resection ...
Woods B O - - 1985
Subacute massive thromboembolic occlusion of the left main pulmonary artery in a 52-year-old woman is described. This disease remains a rare entity with a much less dramatic presentation than acute massive pulmonary embolus. The presenting symptom was unexplained dyspnea. Physical signs and laboratory tests were nonspecific. The perfusion scan is ...
de Camargo F P - - 1984
Angiography may play an important role in the understanding of the cause and treatment of Perthes' disease. Angiograms were performed in 30 patients, including 26 aortographies and six selective angiographies. The major angiographic alterations were: general decrease of blood flow in the affected hip, lack of a patent medial circumflex ...
Edwards B S - - 1984
Two cases are presented in which anomalies of the aortic arch system were associated with development of an arterial-esophageal fistula. The fistula resulted in massive upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage and death. In each malformation, part of the anomalous aortic arch system lay against the esophagus and thereby provided the anatomic substrate ...
Remy J - - 1984
Among 189 patients treated for massive or repeated hemoptysis by transcatheter techniques between 1973 and 1983, a prospective study was attempted between 1979 and 1983 (72 patients) to search for bleeding of pulmonary arterial origin. Among these 72 patients, six were treated by surgical (one) or angiographic (five) occlusion of ...
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