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Taragin Benjamin H - - 2006
Absent pulmonary valve syndrome (APVS) is a rare cardiac malformation with massive pulmonary insufficiency that presents with short-term and long-term respiratory problems secondary to severe bronchial compression from enlarged central and hilar pulmonary arteries. Association with chromosome 22.Q11 deletions and DiGeorge syndrome is common. This historical review illustrates the airway ...
Bechtel Joel J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Catheter-directed thromboembolus fragmentation and thrombolysis is used with success for treatment of pulmonary embolism with hemodynamic decompensation in nonpregnant patients, but information on its use during pregnancy is limited. We report successful treatment of massive bilateral pulmonary emboli in the third trimester of pregnancy. CASE: A 29-year-old multigravida at ...
Trukhacheva Elena - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Systemic thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) in pregnancy is still considered an experimental treatment. Several reports have described the successful use of t-PA in the setting of hemodynamic instability in gravidas with massive pulmonary emboli. CASE: A 34-year-old woman received a diagnosis of severe pulmonary embolism at 23 ...
Hama Yukihiro - - 2005
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a common disease with a high mortality rate due to right ventricular dysfunction and underfilling of the left ventricle. We present a case of a 33-year-old man with hemodynamically compromised massive PE. His left atrium was collapsed with marked dilatation of the right atrium and ventricle ...
Zarrabi Khalil - - 2005
The purpose of this study was introduction and evaluation of efficacy and safety of retrograde thromboembolectomy in acute massive pulmonary emboli. The method is described in a 56-year-old woman with acute massive pulmonary thromboemboli. Postoperative course was uneventful. The described surgical technique is not a panacea and definitely not the ...
Bracey Tim S - - 2006
A 29-year-old male developed a fatal stroke 6 h after successful thrombolysis for massive pulmonary embolism. Autopsy showed thrombus protruding through a patent foramen ovale (PFO). A strand of thrombus extended from the aortic arch into the left common carotid artery. The brain showed extensive infarction of the left fronto-parietal ...
Lorentziadis Michael - - 2005
The anatomy of porcine bronchial circulation has not been fully described. The purpose of this study was to investigate the extrapulmonary topographic anatomy of bronchial arteries in pig. Ten pigs weighing 15-25 kg were studied. Between one and four bronchial arteries were found in each pig. The bronchoesophageal artery (BEA), ...
Habek Dubravko - - 2005
A rare case of sudden death due to cerebral embolization of trophoblastic tissue and concomitant massive pulmonary embolization following artificial abortion in a 42-year-old woman with poorly regulated hypertension and chronic smoking is described. Histopathological analysis showed syncytiotrophoblast cells, positive on hPL immunostaining, obstructing vascular lumina in the small perforating ...
Lichodziejewska B - - 2005
The case report presents a patient with acute, massive pulmonary embolism diagnosed by transthoracic echocardiography, with the mobile thrombus visualized in the right atrium. During the thrombolytic therapy the thrombus was fragmented and migrated to the pulmonary artery, with a rapid transient worsening of the clinical status of the patient. ...
Chiam P - - 2005
The current treatment of massive pulmonary embolism (PE) has been either thrombolysis or surgical embolectomy. Recently, percutaneous rheolytic thrombectomy has emerged as an alternative treatment in patients with contraindications to thrombolysis. We describe a 45-year-old woman who developed major PE post-operatively, who was treated successfully with the AngioJet system. The ...
Hu B - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Existing animal models of ulcerative bleeding are not suitable for endoscopic investigation. We describe a new porcine model of massive arterial bleeding in the stomach and its use for assessing a novel endoscopic suturing device. METHODS: Two animal models were investigated. In model 1, the short gastric artery (mean ...
Baird J Scott - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To describe a patient who had been taking ibuprofen for 3 days before the diagnosis of a massive pulmonary embolus without hypoxemia. DESIGN: Institutional review board-approved case report. SETTING: Pediatric intensive care unit. PATIENT: A 16-yr-old male with a history of supraventricular tachycardia. RESULTS: The patient underwent an electrophysiology ...
Endo Hidehito - - 2005
Massive pulmonary embolism (PE) with concomitant intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) has a high mortality rate. Although thrombolytic therapy is generally accepted as emergent treatment for massive PE, the risk of bleeding complications are significant. A 69-year-old woman presented with acute PE 11 days after onset of ICH. Thrombolysis was deferred, and ...
Lasica Ratko - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Despite advances in prophylaxis, diagnostic modalities, and therapeutic options, pulmonary embolism remains a commonly undiagnosed entity with lethal outcome. Clinically, pulmonary embolism ranges from massive thromboembolism with cardiogenic shock to asymptomatic, microebolism with anatomically small emboli without hemodynamic, respiratory or other disturbances. CASE REPORT: A patient with massive pulmonary ...
Deisenberg Markus - - 2005
There is an increased incidence of pulmonary hemorrhage and hemoptysis among patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). The pathophysiology of pulmonary hemorrhage in CHD includes pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary venous congestion, aorto-pulmonary collaterals, pulmonary arteriovenous malformations, and dilated bronchial arteries. We present the case of a 6-year old boy who required ...
Simek Martin - - 2005
A 66-year-old female underwent elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Massive pulmonary embolism developed intraoperatively shortly after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass. A 25-cm large venous embolus was extracted from pulmonary artery by consequently performed open pulmonary embolectomy on the beating heart. Source of extracted embolus was not postoperatively revealed. Patient ...
Maurtua Marco - - 2005
Massive pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is a condition that can still be seen in the operating room despite the use of thromboprophylaxis. A high degree of suspicion of this condition is necessary to achieve an early diagnosis and a rapid treatment to improve patient outcome. We report on a 27-year-old patient ...
Tajima Hiroyuki - - 2005
Acute massive pulmonary thromboembolism is life-threatening and requires vigorous treatment. Anticoagulation is the most traditional treatment for pulmonary thromboembolism, but may not be sufficient for massive thromboemboli. Systemic thrombolytic therapy and surgical thrombectomy are the traditional therapeutic options in this situation. Catheter-directed thrombolysis, percutaneous embolectomy and, more recently, percutaneous thrombus ...
Silva Jose A - - 2005
Retroperitoneal bleeding is a potentially lethal complication of percutaneous intervention, when the common femoral artery is used as vascular access. Surgery, the traditional treatment for this complication in patients with persistent bleeding or hemodynamic instability, carries a considerable risk of morbidity and mortality. We report a case of life-threatening retroperitoneal ...
Kucik Corry J - - 2005
Family physicians frequently encounter patients with epistaxis (nasal bleeding). In rare cases, this condition may lead to massive bleeding and even death. Although epistaxis can have an anterior or posterior source, it most often originates in the anterior nasal cavity. A directed history and physical examination generally determine the cause ...
Suda Kenji - - 2005
A 20-year-old patient who had a single ventricle and pulmonary stenosis presented with recurrent hemoptysis 12 years after a Fontan-type operation. He was referred to us because of unsuccessful treatment with a tentative diagnosis of lung tuberculosis for 3 months. He had been relatively well for the prior 12 years, ...
Sadeghi Allreza - - 2005
We present the case of a 72-year-old woman who had an acute massive pulmonary embolism after abdominal surgery. The patient had undergone a right hemicolectomy and pancreaticoduodenectomy for locally invasive colonic adenocarcinoma. Six hours postoperatively, she required emergent intubation when she suddenly became cyanotic, severely hypotensive, and tachypneic, with an ...
Lim Kun-Eng - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Acute massive pulmonary embolism causes abrupt pulmonary arterial hypertension and right ventricular dysfunction (RVD). Patients with RVD have a worse prognosis than those with normal right ventricular function. Consequently, recognizing the RVD at the time of pulmonary embolism is useful for risk stratification and enables more aggressive therapy. The ...
Okamoto Taku - - 2005
A 69-year-old man underwent decortication and latissimus dorsi muscle transposition for the treatment of chronic empyema in January 2001. The empyema recurred in March 2002, and open drainage was thus started in July 2002. In February 2003, massive hemorrhaging from the thoracic cavity occurred. Tamponade and hemostasis were performed immediately, ...
Fava Mario - - 2005
Seven patients with massive pulmonary embolism (PE) causing cardiac arrest underwent percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy (PMT) with Hydrolyser and Oasis catheters during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Three received adjunctive recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. Thrombectomy was successful in restoring pulmonary perfusion in six patients (85.7%). One patient died of cardiac arrest. Systolic pulmonary ...
Abdulla W - - 2005
The use of thrombolytics for the treatment of massive pulmonary embolism with cardiopulmonary resuscitation is being controversially discussed. This is one of the first reports on the successful use of tenecteplase in a 59-year-old man who survived a massive pulmonary embolism after tracheostomy followed by a 30-minute cardiopulmonary resuscitation without ...
Gregoric Igor D - - 2005
Critically ill heart failure patients undergoing left ventricular assist device implantation have alterations in their coagulation profiles; as a result, hemorrhagic complications during the postoperative period are the most common and serious problems during device support of these patients. The use of aprotinin therapy is generally accepted for reducing bleeding ...
Yoon Young Cheol - - 2005
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate 16-detector row computed tomography (CT) compared with conventional angiography in depiction of bronchial and nonbronchial systemic arteries in patients with hemoptysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Institutional review board approval was obtained, and informed consent was not required. Sixteen-detector row helical CT and conventional angiography of the thorax ...
Sharma Krishna B - - 2004
Pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) are commonly supplied by the pulmonary arterial system and rarely by the systemic bronchial circulation. The authors outline the case of a young woman with pulmonary AVMs as part of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia with the uncommon presentation of massive hemoptysis. Management of her recurrent, life-threatening pulmonary ...
Britt Rebecca C - - 2004
Anterior duodenal ulceration with erosion into the cystic artery is an extremely rare source of upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Interventions that have previously been reported include open exploration with cholecystectomy, open exploration while leaving the gallbladder in situ, and angiographic management. We report a case of massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding related ...
Broberg C - - 2004
Although the frequency of haemoptysis in Eisenmenger's syndrome is well recognised, the high prevalence of pulmonary artery thrombus has been newly appreciated through the growing use of non-invasive imaging. Three patients with Eisenmenger's syndrome with haemoptysis are reported who underwent computed tomography pulmonary angiography and cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Each patient ...
Ho K M - - 2004
Massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding from Dieulafoy's lesion in the gastrointestinal tract is uncommon. The use of the Sengstaken-Blakemore tube in acute gastrointestinal bleeding has become less common since endoscopic sclerotherapy and banding procedures have become widely available. The successful use of a Sengstaken-Blakemore tube to control acute massive upper gastrointestinal ...
Manecke Gerard R GR - - 2004
Pulmonary thromboendarterectomy, the most common surgical treatment of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, is being performed with increasing frequency throughout the world. Massive pulmonary hemorrhage is a potentially fatal complication of this procedure. In this report of three such cases, the diagnosis, clinical course, and possible treatments are discussed. Anesthesiologists involved ...
Kessel B - - 2004
Massive hemothorax is an indication for thoracotomy. We report a case of an 85-year-old debilitated patient, in whom massive hemorrhage from an actively bleeding intercostal artery was controlled by angiographic embolization. Angiographic embolization proved to be an effective alternative to thoracotomy in this patient, thus avoiding numerous postoperative complications and ...
Won Je Hwan - - 2004
Five patients with moderate to massive hemoptysis who had a bronchial artery of anomalous origin or a nonbronchial systemic artery originating from the proximal subclavian artery underwent microcatheter placement through a created side hole of a 5-F catheter. All patients had pulmonary tuberculosis and had undergone bronchial artery embolization for ...
Karavidas Apostolos - - 2004
Clinically apparent pulmonary embolism is a rare complication of permanent transvenous pacing catheters. Here we report an unusual case of a 71-year-old man who developed massive pulmonary embolism 12 hours after a permanent transvenous pacemaker implantation in the absence of any patient-related predisposing factor. Transesophageal echocardiography showed a large thrombus ...
Nichol Peter F - - 2004
Unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis is an exceedingly rare condition. The authors report the case of a 9-year-old girl with unilateral pulmonary artery agenesis who presented with exertional hemoptysis. The patient underwent a right pneumonectomy with placement of an expandable. SILASTIC(R) (Dow Corning, Midland, MI) prosthesis in the right thorax. A ...
Pernat A - - 2004
We present two cases where successful thrombolysis of right heart thrombi and pulmonary embolism was accompanied by serious adverse events. In patient 1 with massive pulmonary thromboembolism, transesophageal ultrasound revealed large right atrial thrombus entrapped in a patent foramen ovale. Initial treatment with heparin was substituted with thrombolysis, which resulted ...
Kuo Hung-Yi - - 2004
A 76-year-old man, with a history of pneumoconiosis, developed massive hemoptysis after suction through endotracheal tube. Emergent bronchial artery angiography revealed that rupture of an aneurysm was the suspected culprit and coil embolization was performed. However, the bleeding persisted and he eventually succumbed. Here we bring forward the clinical evaluation ...
Tajima Hiroyuki - - 2004
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of percutaneous manual aspiration thrombectomy for the treatment of acute massive pulmonary thromboembolism with hemodynamic impairment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a period of 6 years and 9 months, 15 patients with hemodynamic impairment (4 men, 11 women; aged 27-79 years) were treated by ...
Lu Chen-Wei - - 2004
A 71-yr-old patient who underwent spinal anesthesia for left femoral fracture operation became hypotensive and unconscious after the application of an Esmarch bandage. The transesophageal echocardiography performed during resuscitation revealed pulmonary embolism and acute right ventricular failure. Pulmonary embolectomy with cardiopulmonary bypass was undertaken immediately after the echocardiographic diagnosis. Extracorporeal ...
Gill D S - - 2004
Antiplatelet medications such as clopidogrel and tirofiban (glycoprotien IIb/IIIa inhibitors) are associated with a reduction in mortality and morbidity and are therefore recommended in the treatment of acute coronary syndromes. Massive pulmonary haemorrhage is a rare complication of both clopidogrel and tirofiban. Pulmonary haemorrhage may easily be mistaken for acute ...
Georghiou Georgios P - - 2004
Acute massive pulmonary embolism is associated with a high mortality rate. Prompt diagnosis and treatment are mandatory for a successful outcome. Although thrombolysis is effective, it is associated with a high rate of bleeding complications. This report describes the use of emergent pulmonary embolectomy as an effective and aggressive therapeutic ...
Shang Jian-biao - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect and safety of transarterial embolization (TAE) in the management of massive hemorrhage in the nasopharyngeal and maxillofacial regions. METHODS: Forty-two cases of massive hemorrhage in the nasopharyngeal and maxillofacial regions were treated by TAE. Gelfoam particles, polyvinyl acohol particles, and metallic coil were used to ...
Yoon Woong - - 2004
Massive haemoptysis is a life-threatening disorder that is associated with a high mortality rate. It is mostly caused by bleeding from bronchial circulation. Bronchial artery embolisation is now considered to be the treatment of choice for acute massive haemoptysis. The safety and effectiveness of bronchial artery embolisation for massive haemoptysis ...
Brenes Juan-Carlos - - 2004
A 24-year-old man known to have a double outlet right ventricle, status post-modified Fontan procedure at age 10, taking coumadin after having a stroke one year prior, presented with a massive pulmonary embolism and hemodynamic instability. Locally delivered tPA was unsuccessful, and the pulmonary artery thrombus was finally removed with ...
Furnari M L - - 2003
Bronchial artery embolization is a well accepted and widely used technique in the management of massive haemoptysis in cystic fibrosis (CF). It can be a complex procedure requiring a deep knowledge of the bronchial artery anatomy including the possible bronchial anastomoses. We report a case of complex vascular anatomy of ...
Jeng Chuen-Shin CS Department of Anesthesiology, National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan, - - 2003
We present a successful thromboembolectomy under intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) monitoring on a woman with massive pulmonary embolism (PE). Sudden onset of dyspnea happened 7 days after lumbar spine surgery and ventilation/perfusion scan and angiography performed right away were suggestive of PE. Operation was performed 17 days later after invalid ...
Hsieh Shao Wei - - 2003
A rare case of postoperative cardiac arrest in an otherwise healthy, 49-year-old female patient who had a laparoscopic hysterectomy, is presented. The cause of cardiac arrest was due to massive pulmonary embolism, which was detected by transesophageal echocardiography. Laparoscopic surgery is regarded as a less invasive procedure and provides a ...
Santoro Roberto - - 2003
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Delayed massive arterial hemorrhage from the operating field occurs in 1-4% of cases after pancreaticoduodenectomy, with a mortality rate up to 50%. The purpose of this study was to define diagnostic and treatment methodologies to maximize survival. METHODOLOGY: Between 1990 and 1999, 84 pancreaticoduodenectomies were performed for periampullary and ...
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