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Sur James P - - 2007
Acute massive pulmonary embolism can have significant hemodynamic effects in both adults and children. We describe the case of a 10-year-old boy who developed cardiogenic shock after suffering a massive pulmonary embolism. A significant thrombus burden was removed using a catheter-based strategy of rheolytic thrombectomy, leading to stabilization of the ...
Sokouti Mohsen - - 2007
The management of penetrating chest injury by bullet or shrapnel for prevention of later complications has remained controversial. A 45-year-old man presented with a history of 3 years recurrent hemoptysis. He had massive hemoptysis 20 h before admission. He underwent tube thoracostomy for the left hemothorax due to a penetrating ...
Gutzeit A - - 2008
A 58-year-old patient with recently diagnosed non-small cell bronchial carcinoma was referred to us with increasing shortness of breath and orthopnea by her family practitioner. To exclude the possibility of a pulmonary embolism, contrast medium-enhanced angio-CT of the thorax was performed. This showed a large mediastinal tumor, which, on the ...
Schliamser Jorge E - - 2007
Free-floating right heart thrombi are rare echocardiographic findings usually encountered in patients with massive pulmonary embolism and associated with poor prognosis. We report a case of a large free-floating right heart thrombus without clinically significant pulmonary embolism. The patient was treated conservatively with heparin and warfarin, and the thrombus resolved ...
Bugra Zehra - - 2008
Pulmonary embolus sourced by right atrial thrombus trapped in a patent foramen ovale is an unusual, rare condition. Thus in suspicion of massive pulmonary thromboembolus, echocardiographic examination carries great importance evaluate right ventricular functions and diagnose right sided intracardiac thrombus. We report a 76-year-old female with massive pulmonary embolism caused ...
Cohen José E - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Tracheoinnominate artery fistula is a relatively rare but life-threatening complication of tracheostomy. Peristomal bleed or hemoptysis may be massive and usually fatal if treatment is not instituted immediately. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of a 40-year-old woman who sustained surgical evacuation of a brainstem cavernoma and developed a ...
Madani H - - 2007
A case of a patient who presented with massive pulmonary embolism (PE) requiring thrombolysis with alteplase is reported. The subsequent presence of a patent foramen ovale and paradoxical embolism clinically demonstrated the speed of action of the recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. The advantage of this class of medication when considering ...
Bigdeli A K - - 2007
Acute massive or submassive pulmonary embolism is a life-threatening condition with a poor prognosis. It causes sudden hemodynamic deterioration and warrants immediate surgery. We report the case of a 41-year-old male heart transplant recipient who had not been treated prophylactically for thrombosis, who was referred to our center because of ...
Li Chieh-Hung - - 2007
A 90-year-old female patient undergoing surgery for knee and hip fractures under general anesthesia sustained cardiac arrest intraoperatively. The transesophageal echocardiography performed during resuscitation revealed massive pulmonary embolism with a 2 x 3 cm oval-shaped thrombus in the bifurcation of pulmonary artery. Anticoagulant therapy was administered immediately. Clinical symptoms were ...
Bianchini Roberto - - 2007
We herein present the case of a 75-year-old woman undergoing double valve replacement who experienced a massive bronchial hemorrhage due to a Swan-Ganz catheter pulmonary artery perforation after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass. Early institution of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation allowed treatment of severe hypoxemia, refractory to mechanical ventilation, and the discontinuation ...
Maggio Paul - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Massive pulmonary embolism is frequently lethal because of acute irreversible pulmonary and cardiac failure. Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) has been used for cardiopulmonary failure in our institution since 1988, and we reviewed our experience with its use in the management of massive pulmonary emboli. METHODS: We reviewed our complete ...
Sato Tetsuya - - 2007
We report a rescued 37-year-old woman in her 30(th) week of gestation with massive pulmonary thromboembolism who was admitted to our cardiac care unit with progressive dyspnea and 2 episodes of syncope. Helical chest CT showed massive pulmonary thromboembolism of both pulmonary arteries. Although 26,000 U/day of heparin was administered ...
Paul Subroto - - 2007
We describe a 68-year-old man with recurrent episodes of hemoptysis. The patient had undergone right upper and middle lobectomies for a benign cystic lesion 13 years ago and coronary artery bypass grafting for ischemic heart disease immediately before the onset of hemoptysis. Diagnostic work-up revealed that pulmonary arterial flow to ...
Potapov Evgenij V - - 2007
CO(2) embolism is a known, though rare, complication of procedures using CO(2) insufflation. We report massive cardiac right atrial CO(2) embolism during minimally invasive harvesting of a varicose great saphenous vein. The patient's hemodynamics deteriorated significantly and needed to be stabilized by emergency institution of cardiopulmonary bypass. Causes of this ...
Chan E Y - - 2007
A 10-year-old girl developed recurrent bouts of massive hemoptysis over a 9-month period. No obvious bleeding source was detected. Her pulmonary angiogram showed a pulmonary aneurysm of the second branch of the left main pulmonary artery as well as widespread irregularities of the pulmonary arteries including areas of stenosis and ...
Dolhnikoff Marisa - - 2007
Leptospirosis is a re-emerging zoonosis occurring as large outbreaks throughout the world caused by Leptospira interrogans. The incidence of pulmonary involvement in leptospirosis has been reported to be increasing in the last years, affecting up to 70% of the patients. Alveolar hemorrhage presented as dyspnea and hemoptysis is the main ...
Bussières Jean S - - 2007
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pulmonary artery rupture is probably the most devastating complication associated with the use of the pulmonary artery catheter. This rare but disastrous situation requires a clear intervention plan. RECENT FINDINGS: The initial presentation of pulmonary artery ruptures may be as obvious as a massive pulmonary hemorrhage or ...
Khalil Antoine - - 2007
MDCT has improved the management of hemoptysis by providing more precise depiction of bronchial and nonbronchial systemic arteries than conventional CT. The purpose of this article is to review the role of MDCT in the identification of the bleeding site and the vessels causing hemoptysis. Identification of the origin of ...
Filip A. Konecny; McMaster ...
Massive pulmonary embolism (MPE) often leads to circulation collapse, a form of shock. The process is set off by thrombus or multiple thrombi dislodgement followed by a rapid perfusion insufficiency of pulmonary arterial system. Patients experience severe hypotension with diastolic and systolic failure with an acute tricuspid regurgitation. On many ...
Katmawi-Sabbagh Samer
Massive left sided Wilm′s tumours can be associated with significant distortion of the vascular anatomy. An anatomical explanation of mistaken ligation of the right renal artery will be provided in this article so that such a catastrophic complication can be avoided.
Myat Aung - - 2007
To our knowledge we report the first case of percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy used for the treatment of massive pulmonary embolism in the United Kingdom. Pulmonary embolism is a common disease process but can be difficult to diagnose. Massive pulmonary embolism presenting with profound hypotension, however, is rare. Both phenomena carry ...
Haruki Tomohiro - - 2007
Pulmonary endometriosis is a disease in which uterine endometrial cells with stromal components grow in the pulmonary parenchymal tissues or pleura. Surgical resection is considered an effective and radical treatment for pulmonary endometriosis to avoid the adverse effects of long-term hormone therapy in young women of childbearing years with a ...
Kominato Yoshihiko - - 2007
A 54-year-old man was shot into the face by a robber while sleeping in bed. Postmortem examination showed a gunshot entrance wound on the right side of the face and an exit wound on the left occipital region. Internal examination demonstrated massive contusion involving the brain stem and inferior surfaces ...
Garg Ravi K - - 2006
The current treatment of massive pulmonary embolism (PE) has been either thrombolysis or surgical embolectomy. Percutaneous rheolytic thrombectomy, however, has emerged as an alternative treatment in patients with contraindications to thrombolysis. This case illustrates the usefulness of the AngioJet(R) thrombectomy catheter in patients with contraindications to thrombolytics. Three-dimensional computed tomography ...
Chittithavorn Voravit - - 2006
Tracheo-innominate artery fistula (TIF) is an uncommon but frequently fatal complication of tracheostomy. Significant airway hemorrhage usually occurs after premonitory bleeding. When massive bleeding occurs, immediate control of arterial bleeding, control of the airway and subsequent definite treatment are the principles for saving lives. Without prompt surgical intervention, the outcome ...
Lohan Derek G - - 2007
Recent advances in pharmacotherapeutics and interventional techniques have resulted in resurgence in interest regarding the optimal means of management of hemodynamically significant pulmonary embolic disease. However, these various techniques have many associated disadvantages, and it is of paramount importance that the responsible physician has a detailed understanding of each of ...
In H S - - 2006
This report describes a bronchial artery originating from the left gastric artery in a patient with recurrent massive haemoptysis caused by chronic pulmonary tuberculosis. The artery was not evident on the initial angiographic work-up including thoracic aortography, but it was evident in the selective angiography upon follow-up study. Haemoptysis was ...
Takeda Shinichi - - 2007
A 71-year-old man visited our hospital complaining of increasing fatigue and exertional dyspnea. He had had severe epigastric pain for the past 5 months. On admission, chest radiogram showed marked cardiac dilatation and echocardiogram massive pericardial effusion with a small subepicardial aneurysm at the posterior wall of the left ventricle. ...
Andersen P E - - 2006
Hemoptysis is coughing up blood originating from the lower respiratory tract. There are multiple causes of hemoptysis, from airway diseases, parenchymal diseases, cardiovascular diseases, and other causes. Hemoptysis may cease temporarily, but a possible life-threatening condition may still be present, requiring complete evaluation and probably treatment. Massive hemoptysis (>300 ml ...
Naithani Rahul - - 2006
A seven-year-old girl presented with frequent fever, cough and shortness of breath of three months duration. On the basis of her clinical features, peripheral blood and sputum findings, she was diagnosed as a case of idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis. After initial stabilisation with steroids and chloroquine, she presented four years later ...
Inoue Hiromu - - 2006
A 40-year-old man presented with massive pulmonary embolism related to diffuse large B cell lymphoma. His hemodynamic state worsened rapidly to shock after sudden onset of dyspnea. Echocardiography and thoracic computed tomography indicated pulmonary thromboembolism due to deep venous thromboembolism, associated with a mass in the anterior mediastinum and a ...
Komai Hiroyoshi - - 2006
We report a case of massive bleeding from a varicose vein in a calf. A 56-year-old man was brought into the emergency unit of our hospital with massive bleeding from an ulcer on his left calf. A duplex scan and arteriography revealed arteriovenous communication at the site of stasis ulceration. ...
Kaneda Hideaki - - 2007
Recently several contrast delivery systems for coronary angiography have been introduced to provide adequate artery opacification through small catheters, which are thought to facilitate patient comfort and reduce hemorrhagic/vascular complications. However, the safety profile of a specific system has not been fully examined. In this case report, we present patients ...
Han Steve - - 2006
The objective was to describe and review the use of thrombolytic therapy in a patient with an intracranial tumor and massive pulmonary embolism. This is the first reported case of a patient with a known glioblastoma multiforme and massive pulmonary embolism who was successfully treated with alteplase. Pulmonary embolism was ...
Jeong Yeon Joo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To identify the computed tomography (CT) findings to predict recurrent bleeding in patients with massive hemoptysis. METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with massive hemoptysis underwent both CT and conventional bronchial angiography for bronchial artery embolization. Retrospective analysis was done to analyze the statistical differences in the initial CT findings between the ...
Li Yi-Jung - - 2006
Calciphylaxis is a rare and life-threatening disorder characterized by small-vessel mural calcification with intimal proliferation, fibrosis, and thrombosis, resulting in tissue ischemic necrosis. Although it has been viewed as a systemic disease involving mainly the dermis, subcutaneous fat, or muscle, calciphylaxis of other organs rarely is reported. We describe the ...
Burgoyne Laura L - - 2006
When anesthetizing a patient with an anterior mediastinal mass, sudden hypoxaemia and cardiovascular collapse may result from compression of a large airway or vascular structure in the mediastinum. We report the case of a pediatric cancer patient with an anterior mediastinal mass, who developed sudden and fatal hypoxaemia and cardiovascular ...
Weil Yoram - - 2006
Sciatic nerve paralysis as a complication of bleeding due to hip surgery is a rare entity. The use of thrombolysis and full-dose heparin administration for the treatment of massive pulmonary embolism increase the risk for developing major bleeding. Prompt recognition and intervention in this condition are warranted. A case of ...
Asma A - - 2006
Post-traumatic pseudoaneurysms of internal carotid arteries are uncommon. The patients may present with massive epistaxis due to rupture of the aneurysm into the sphenoid sinus. Early diagnosis and treatment is mandatory as the likelihood of exsanguinations increases with each subsequent episode of epistaxis. The clinical features of unilateral blindness and ...
Cowles Robert A - - 2006
Sacrococcygeal teratomas (SCTs) can present a challenging problem and can be associated with significant perinatal morbidity and mortality. A female child was born at 36 weeks' gestation with a large, vascular Type 1 SCT originally identified by prenatal ultrasound. A CT scan showed two large feeding vessels arising from both ...
Amorim Sandra - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a specific marker which allows detection of minor myocardial cell damage. In patients with severe pulmonary embolism (PE), the rise in pulmonary artery pressure can lead to progressive right ventricular dysfunction (RVD), and clinical studies have demonstrated the presence of ischemia and even right ...
Egozi Eric - - 2006
Successful salvage of the tongue following near or complete traumatic amputation is a rare event. We now report only the second reported successful case of a revascularization of a near or complete amputation of the tongue while in the setting of massive facial trauma. Microscopic revascularization was performed utilizing the ...
Sersar Sameh Ibrahim - - 2006
A 32-year-old male was presented with massive haemoptysis. An urgent chest X-ray (Fig. 1a) and CT chest (Fig. 1b-e) was done revealing a right lower lobe consolidation collapse. An urgent rigid bronchoscopy was performed to localize the source of bleeding and try to control it. A right lower lobectomy was ...
Naja Ghassan - - 2006
A case is reported of aneurysm of both the ascending aorta and pulmonary artery, associated with massive pulmonary valve insufficiency. Pulmonary artery aneurysm is a rare condition of unknown natural history; therapeutic management has not yet been established. Pulmonary valve insufficiency is also rare, with reported etiologies comprising mainly pulmonary ...
Hizawa Kazuoki - - 2006
A 67-year-old diabetic man was emergently hospitalized in our department because of a huge duodenal ulcer without visible vessels. Despite of intravenous administration of 40 mg omeprazole and fasting with intravenous nutritional support, endoscopically unmanageable massive bleeding occurred on the 8th hospital day. Emergent angiography showed extravasation of contrast media ...
Dutau Hervé - - 2006
A 39-year-old-woman was treated successfully by a combination of endobronchial and bronchial artery embolization for massive hemorrhage originating from the posterior segment of the right upper lobe. Endobronchial embolization was performed using a silicone spigot placed via flexible bronchoscopy in order to prevent alveolar inundation preceding and during the time ...
Akay Tankut Hakki - - 2006
Acute massive pulmonary embolism after cardiac surgery is very rare. Although accurate diagnosis and rapid treatment are crucial to a successful outcome, there is no standard treatment option. Thrombolytic therapy and catheter embolectomy are the usual treatment options, but they are associated with risks, especially in patients who experience massive ...
Bruzzi John F - - 2006
Hemoptysis is symptomatic of a potentially life-threatening condition and warrants urgent and comprehensive evaluation of the lung parenchyma, airways, and thoracic vasculature. Multi-detector row computed tomographic (CT) angiography is a very useful noninvasive imaging modality for initial assessment of hemoptysis. The combined use of thin-section axial scans and more complex ...
Erkut Bilgehan - - 2006
We report a case of massive right pulmonary embolism with a patent foramen ovale and straddling thrombus, occurring a few days after cesarean section in a 31-year-old woman. Preoperatively, a mass was seen echocardiographically in four cardiac cavities. We performed emergency surgery because of the patient's acute hemodynamic deterioration. Intraoperatively, ...
Chen Li-ying - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Acute pulmonary thromboembolism (PTE) is a serious high mortality pulmonary vascular disease whose effective treatment decreases morbidity and mortality. To determine if low-molecular-weight-heparin (LMWH) is clinically as efficient and safe as unfractionated heparin (UH) in patients with diagnosis of acute non-massive PTE, our study compares the efficacy, adverse effects ...
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