Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 759
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Gabeler Edward E E - - 2003
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) based on the photosensitive protoporphyrin IX (PpIX) may prevent restenosis after transluminal angioplasty. PpIX is synthesized in mitochondria, which differ in number and activity among various tissues. Therefore, we questioned whether the course of PpIX concentration after systemic aminolaevulinic acid (ALA) administration differed among various arteries. ALA ...
Kuvin Jeffrey T - - 2003
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in pulse wave amplitude (PWA) have been described in subjects with atherosclerosis and may be a marker of future cardiac events. We evaluated the relationship between changes in PWA of the finger and peripheral endothelial function. METHODS: We performed measurements of PWA with a novel finger plethysmograph (peripheral ...
Hoffman Arlene F - - 2003
Arterial pathology of the lower extremity is common in the elderly. It has been the author's experience that most arterial pathology affecting the foot is caused by peripheral arterial occlusive disease, emboli, or infection. One of the most important factors determining whether healing will take place is the adequacy of ...
Walker Isobel D - - 2003
Arterial occlusion resulting from primary thrombus formation in an artery or due to embolization from a site elsewhere in the circulation is uncommon in women of childbearing age. Myocardial infarction, stroke and peripheral arterial occlusion are rare in pregnant or puerperal women. Although atherosclerosis is the most common cause of ...
van den Berg Jos C - - 2003
PURPOSE: To demonstrate the feasibility and applicability of 3-dimensional rotational angiography (3D-RA) in the assessment of candidates for endovascular treatment of occlusive or aneurysmal arterial disease. TECHNIQUE: In 3D-RA, a continuous rotation of the fluoroscopic tube around the region of interest is made while intra-arterial contrast is continuously infused. The ...
Vasquez Pedro - - 2003
Tissue ischemia, necrosis, and gangrene are uncommon but well-described complications of arterial catheterization in the neonate. Treatment options for progressive tissue necrosis following arterial embolization and/or vasospasm are limited in these patients secondary to unpredictable pharmacokinetics and risks associated with systemic anticoagulation or vasodilatation in newborns. We report a case ...
Andrikopoulos Vassilios - - 2003
Osteochondromas occasionally cause arterial complications, mainly concerning the distal superficial femoral and popliteal arteries. The authors present 11 patients (12 cases) with arterial disorders caused by exostoses who were hospitalized in their Vascular Clinic. All but 1 had signs or symptoms of peripheral arterial disease such as intermittent claudication or ...
Willens Howard J - - 2003
Abnormalities of peripheral arterial compliance are clinically useful markers of atherosclerosis and risk of vascular events. Local peripheral arterial compliance can be easily and accurately assessed in the clinic by computer-controlled pulse volume recordings (air plethysmography). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between clinical cardiovascular risk ...
Sanada M - - 2003
Peripheral neuropathy due to vasculitis without any complications of vasculitis in other organs was first reported in 1987. This condition was termed non-systemic vasculitic neuropathy (NSVN). Although vasculitis is believed to develop in small arteries and arterioles in this disease, the level of vascular involvement has not been fully established. ...
Khan A M - - 2003
Cholesterol crystal embolisation is a frequently underdiagnosed condition. While coronary catheterisation is safe and commonly performed, the reported patient developed very painful trash feet after undergoing this routine procedure. Ulceration and gangrene occurred after catheter manipulation during cardiac angiography, which caused occlusion of the small arteries in his feet. The ...
Trivedi Kalyani R - - 2003
Peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis challenges therapeutic algorithms for the management of congenital heart malformations. Surgical repair of the proximal pulmonary artery lesion remains with a high recurrence rate while the distal lesions are difficult to access. With the development of transcatheter interventional strategies in the early 1980s, a number of ...
Gagne Paul J - - 2003
Ischemia of the leg in a peripartum female is an uncommon condition. Paradoxical arterial embolisation, and arterial dissection, are rarely encountered but recognized causes of this clinical condition. Peripartum cardiomyopathy is a rare life-threatening cardiac condition that can foster intracardiac thrombosis and produce peripheral vascular complications through embolization. We present ...
van Bemmelen Paul - - 2003
A case is presented of a female ex-smoker who underwent bypass or exploration of all three below-knee arteries with failed results. Three separate arteriograms, performed at other academic institutions, demonstrated progressive, severe involvement of the pedal arteries. Therefore, the patient was prepared to undergo below-knee amputation surgery for uncontrollable rest ...
de Hoon J N - - 2003
As migraine is associated with an increased risk for ischaemic stroke and peripheral vasospastic disorders, it was hypothesized that interictal vascular changes may be present in migraine patients. Using ultrasound and applanation tonometry, the cardiovascular properties of migraine patients were compared with those of matched control subjects. Vascular parameters of ...
Buschmann Ivo R - - 2003
Our current knowledge regarding the efficacy of factors stimulating collateral artery growth in the peripheral circulation primarily stems from models in small animals. However, experimental models in large sized animals are a prerequisite for extrapolation of growth factor therapy to patients with peripheral atherosclerotic obstructive disease. Therefore, we have developed ...
Müller-Hülsbeck Stefan - - 2003
Various devices have been introduced for the purpose of percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy (PMT). These devices show promise as a valuable treatment option in acute arterial thrombotic occlusions, in addition to the gold-standard surgical method, the Fogarty balloon embolectomy, and local fibrinolysis therapy. Local fibrinolytic therapy cannot be used in the ...
Goyen Mathias - - 2003
In 100 consecutive patients with peripheral vascular disease whole-body three-dimensional magnetic resonance (MR) angiography was performed by using the rolling table platform system with a 1.5-T MR unit and five three-dimensional MR angiographic data sets during 72 seconds (0.2 mol per kilogram of body weight of gadobenate dimeglumine). Apart from ...
Dillavou Ellen - - 2003
A common sign of generalized atherosclerosis, peripheral vascular disease (PVD) occurs as a result of arterial narrowing or obstruction that restricts blood flow to distal tissues. Prevalence of PVD ranges from 3% in patients age > 55, to 11% in patients age > 65, to 20% in those age 75 ...
Klein Steven - - 2003
Peripheral arterial occlusive disease or congenital anomalies of the major crural arteries may limit the use of the fibula free flap and should be detected preoperatively. Conventional selective angiography is the definitive standard imaging method for making this diagnosis, but it has drawbacks. A safer, cheaper, more accurate, and noninvasive ...
Denton Michael - - 2003
Epworth Hospital has been a leading centre for vascular surgery in Melbourne for over 30 years with a strong focus on vascular reconstruction by open surgical methods. Epworth pioneered the hybrid suite, which combined state-of-the-art imaging, and operating theatre standard suite. This development has become the benchmark for other vascular ...
Ramakrishna Gautam - - 2003
The relationship between iron status and atherosclerosis has long been a topic of debate in the literature. Despite more than 25 years of research, there is no consensus regarding a causal relationship. To date, the vast majority of studies have focused on iron burden with respect to a hypothesized role ...
Ho Vincent B - - 2003
Contrast-enhanced MRA can be an accurate and reliable method for the arterial evaluation of the abdominal aorta and peripheral vessels. This technique can be adapted for a variety of anatomic regions. The basic issues relate to proper synchronization of imaging with peak arterial enhancement and to optimization of voxel dimensions ...
Pelisek Jaroslav - - 2003
Angiogenesis and arteriogenesis play an important role in advanced vascular occlusive diseases. Whether angiogenesis or arteriogenesis predominate depends on the preexisting collateral vessel network, the type and location of occlusion, and different developmental origin of the arteries. Angiogenesis and arteriogenesis were investigated following vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) treatment in ...
Chan Christopher T - - 2003
A 42-year-old man with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) was referred for conversion to nocturnal hemodialysis (NHD) therapy from conventional hemodialysis (CHD) therapy because of refractory intermittent claudication secondary to peripheral arterial disease (PAD). The patient was initiated on CHD therapy in 1976 and subsequently had undergone two unsuccessful renal transplantations. ...
Elsharawy M - - 2002
BACKGROUND: With the technologic advancement in vascular ultrasound imaging, surgeons are now encouraged to perform their own examinations. Vascular surgeons run the vascular laboratory in the Suez Canal University hospital. The aim of this study is to determine the efficiency and advantages of arterial duplex scanning performed by the surgeon. ...
Nikol Sigrid - - 2002
PURPOSE: To use local gene delivery to determine any district-specific influence of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF(165)) on angiogenesis and arteriogenesis in arteries of distinct developmental origin. METHODS: Coronary and peripheral arteries were chronically occluded in 30 Pietrain pigs using a percutaneous approach and blinded stent-graft. DNA was delivered to ...
Kamimura Motohiro - - 2002
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD; arteriosclerosis obliterans) shows ischemic symptoms along the peripheral arteries due to reduced blood flow, and the number of patients with PAD is increasing. Several papers have reported on the clinical effect of low-density lipoprotein apheresis (LDL-A) on PAD, but there has been no report so far ...
Humeau Anne - - 2002
In order to improve peripheral arterial occlusive diseases (PAOD) diagnoses, five de-noising algorithms based on a multiresolution analysis computed with wavelets are applied on reactive hyperemia signals obtained with the laser Doppler flowmetry technique. Results are presented on recordings acquired on patients suffering from PAOD and on healthy subjects.
Khan Faraz A - - 2002
PURPOSE: To retrospectively review the incidence and types of arterial problems associated with dysfunctional hemodialysis grafts in patients who are at high risk for peripheral arterial disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During the 1-year period from February 2001 to February 2002, 40 patients with polytetrafluoroethylene hemodialysis grafts underwent upper extremity arteriography ...
Coche Emmanuel - - 2003
Our objective was to analyze the peripheral pulmonary arteries using thin-collimation multi-slice spiral CT. Twenty consecutive patients underwent enhanced-spiral multi-slice CT using 1-mm collimation. Two observers analyzed the pulmonary arteries by consensus on a workstation. Each artery was identified on axial and 3D shaded-surface display reconstruction images. Each subsegmental artery ...
Burkart David J - - 2002
PURPOSE: To prospectively assess the feasibility, risk profile, and effect on fibrinogen levels of tenecteplase in transcatheter thrombolysis for peripheral arterial and venous occlusive disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2001 and January 2002, 18 consecutive patients (14 men, four women) with arterial (n = 13) or venous (n = ...
Ouriel Kenneth - - 2002
Acute peripheral arterial occlusion occurs as a result of thrombosis or embolism. A reduction in the prevalence of rheumatic heart disease accounts for a shift in the frequency of embolic to thrombotic occlusions. Also, a dramatic increase in the number of lower extremity arterial bypass graft procedures explains the predominance ...
Rossi Peter J - - 2002
Spontaneous embolization resulting in peripheral arterial occlusion remains a significant cause of morbidity and limb loss. Accurate localization and correction of the embolic source is paramount for the prevention of further episodes and for the preservation of long-term patency and limb salvage. Common well-recognized embolic sources include intracardiac thrombus or ...
Nikol S - - 2002
Clinical trials have demonstrated therapeutic benefit in inducing angiogenesis in chronic occlusive arterial disease. The route of application mostly used was the intramuscular injection of high dosages of plasmid. Therefore, a local perivascular application of low amounts of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plasmid was used in an interventional occlusion ...
Shimizu Masumi - - 2002
Recent advances in growth factor therapy for the treatment of ischemic disease of the heart and peripheral vasculature offer hope for a novel strategy that is based on the generation of a new blood supply. Members of the fibroblast growth factor and vascular endothelial growth factor families and several other ...
Oh-i Tsunao - - 2002
Plethysmogram has been widely known as a conventional non-invasive simple method to obtain information on peripheral circulatory kinetics. We made a quantitative assessment of the relationships between the various circulatory parameters, using the simple conventional measurement method of treating acceleration plethysmograms (the second derivatives of digital plethysmograms) as indicators of ...
Top Cihan - - 2002
Calcification of the media of peripheral arteries is referred to as Mönckeberg's sclerosis and occurs commonly in aged individuals. However, it also occurs in younger patients with diabetes mellitus and chronic renal failure. In diabetic patients, medial calcification appears to be a strong independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality. In this ...
Baserga Mariana C - - 2002
Catheterization of the aorta through the umbilical artery and/or of peripheral arteries in neonates may be accompanied by a number of complications, of which thrombotic phenomena and peripheral vasospasm are the most common. Two neonates with peripheral ischemia caused by vasospasm from indwelling umbilical artery catheterization and one infant with ...
Prince Martin R - - 2002
PURPOSE: To retrospectively review time-resolved two-dimensional projection magnetic resonance (MR) angiographic data to characterize the passage of gadolinium-based contrast material down the leg arteries in patients undergoing peripheral MR angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 87 consecutive standardized peripheral MR angiographic examinations were retrospectively reviewed to determine contrast material arrival ...
Makin Andrew J - - 2002
Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a significant cause of cardiovascular morbidity. We hypothesised that there would be significant alterations of thrombogenesis, platelet activation and endothelial damage, which could be associated with abnormal oxidative stress during femoral artery bypass surgery for PVD, where the femoral artery is cross-clamped (causing acute ischaemia) ...
Mukouyama Yoh-suke - - 2002
Nerves and blood vessels are branched structures, but whether their branching patterns are established independently or coordinately is not clear. Here we show that arteries, but not veins, are specifically aligned with peripheral nerves in embryonic mouse limb skin. Mutations that eliminate peripheral sensory nerves or Schwann cells prevent proper ...
Costantini Vincenzo - - 2002
Acute lower-extremity peripheral arterial occlusion is responsible for a wide variety of complications culminating in limb loss or death. The real incidence of acute limb ischemia (ALI) in the general population is not well known even though recent epidemiological data estimated that it occurs in 14 out of a population ...
Halperin Jonathan L - - 2002
Approximately 10% of people age >55 years have asymptomatic peripheral atherosclerotic disease (PAD), 5% have intermittent claudication (IC, the cardinal symptom), and 1% critical leg ischemia (rest pain or gangrene). In patients with IC, worsening occurs in approximately 16%, bypass surgery is required in approximately 7%, and amputation in approximately ...
Cañedo-Dorantes Luis - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Mitogen-activated autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells applied locally on the ulcer surface promote healing of chronic arterial and venous leg ulcers. In vitro, extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF) interact with peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) via Ca++ channels, activating signal transduction cascades, promoting cytokine synthesis, and changing cell ...
Tomaino Matthew M - - 2002
Two patients with scleroderma, ischemic pain, non-healing digital ulceration, and digital arterial obstruction were successfully treated with peripheral sympathectomy and digital arterial reconstruction using a reversed small-caliber vein graft. Postoperatively, digital blood flow increased and ulceration healed in both patients. Peripheral sympathectomy alone may not adequately improve digital perfusion, when ...
Sidawy Anton N - - 2002
Ongoing advances in peripheral endovascular technology have been met with disappointing results because of restenosis within the treated vessel. In particular, stent balloon angioplasty of peripheral vessels has yet to achieve patency rates that approximate conventional treatment in the long term. Recent advances in stent, balloon, and wire construction include ...
Odurny Allan - - 2002
The contribution of radiological investigation and treatment in the management of the critically ischemic lower limb is reviewed. The methods of classifying and assessing the cause, level, and severity of the arterial disease causing the ischemia are discussed with comparison of the relative merits of the various invasive and noninvasive ...
Serra A - - 2002
The objective of the present study was to test the hypothesis that in neonatal piglets there would be no hypoventilation after sham denervation or aortic denervation (AOD) alone, but there would be transient hypoventilation after carotid body denervation (CBD) and the hypoventilation would be greatest after combined carotid and aortic ...
Gudmundsson Gudmundur - - 2002
Peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) results from atherosclerosis of large and medium peripheral arteries, as well as the aorta, and has many risk factors, including smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. PAOD often coexists with coronary artery disease and cerebrovascular disease. Cross-matching a population-based list of Icelandic patients with PAOD who ...
Ouriel Kenneth - - 2002
Thrombolytic agents are in widespread use for the dissolution of arterial and venous pathologic thrombi. Clinical settings where thrombolysis has played an important role include the acute coronary syndromes, peripheral arterial occlusion, ischemic stroke, deep venous thrombosis, and pulmonary embolism. Thrombolytic agents have been successfully employed in each of these ...
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