Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 751
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Lee Jason T - - 2006
Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has emerged as a useful and often necessary adjunct in a rising number of catheter-based peripheral interventions. IVUS catheters enable luminal and transmural cross-sectional imaging of peripheral vessels with high dimensional accuracy and provide detailed information about lesion morphology. IVUS is able to guide the optimal choice ...
Delis Konstantinos T - - 2006
Neurofibromatosis type 1, also called von Recklinghausen's disease, is an autosomal dominant disorder linked to chromosome 17, characterized by growth impairment of the neural crest cells (ectoderm) manifested by multiple neural tumors, cutaneous pigmentations, and Lisch nodules. Disease phenotype develops with time, making its penetrance almost complete by 5 years ...
Luque Contreras Diana - - 2006
Following arterial occlusion, blood vessels respond by sprouting new capillaries (i.e. angiogenesis) and by growing and remodelling pre-existing arterioles into physiologically relevant arteries (i.e. arteriogenesis). The importance of nitric oxide (NO) in ischemia-induced angiogenesis is supported by 4 main findings: (i) the ischemic limb shows an increase in endothelial nitric ...
Yilmaz Mehmet Birhan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Peripheral artery disease is a common condition, mainly associated with clinical cardiovascular risk factors. Patients with peripheral artery disease suffer from coronary artery disease-related complications. On the other hand, metabolic syndrome, as a constellation of specific risk factors, represents a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality. Metabolic syndrome might increase ...
Thakur, R. S.
Background: Arteriography has been considered the "Gold Standard" for the investigation of Peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). The development of Colour flow Doppler (CFD) has extended the scope of non-invasive assessment of chronic lower limb arterial disease. Aims: To evaluate and correlate the findings of CFD with arteriography as the ...
Zhou Wei - - 2006
Excimer laser atherectomy (LA) employs precision laser energy control (shallow tissue penetration) and safer wavelengths (ultraviolet as opposed to the infrared spectra in older laser technology), which decreases perforation and thermal injury to the treated vessels. Though extensively used by cardiologists for severe obstructive coronary artery disease, peripheral interventionalists have ...
Bova Carlo - - 2006
Recent data have shown a higher incidence of arterial events in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) of unknown origin than in those with the secondary form of disease. Whether patients with idiopathic VTE have a higher risk of subsequent arterial events than the general population is unknown. The aim was ...
Ancora Gina - - 2006
We report a case of severe, peripheral, and diffuse tissue ischemia after umbilical vein catheterization (UVC) in a preterm newborn born to a preeclamptic mother. Nitroglycerin ointment was used to treat lesions. The recovery was good but partial loss of the distal phalange of one finger and one toe occurred. ...
MacGregor John M - - 2006
A 4-month-old West Highland White Terrier was evaluated for dyspnea. Severe cardiac silhouette enlargement was present radiographically. Severe right ventricular hypertrophy and dilation with a dilated pulmonary trunk and a stenosis of the right pulmonary artery were diagnosed via echocardiography. Additional areas of peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis were diagnosed with ...
Thakur RajeshwarSingh, Minhas SS, ...
Background: Arteriography has been considered the "Gold Standard" for the investigation of Peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). The development of Colour flow Doppler (CFD) has extended the scope of non-invasive assessment of chronic lower limb arterial disease. Aims: To evaluate and correlate the findings of CFD with arteriography as the ...
Clair Daniel G - - 2006
The interventional treatment of peripheral atherosclerotic occlusive disease is increasingly becoming accepted as an appropriate initial form of therapy. Standard methods of treatment include balloon angioplasty and stent assisted angioplasty. Laser catheters and mechanical atherectomy catheters are newer tools, which can be utilized to assist in achieving and maintaining patency ...
Sabatier Manning J - - 2006
PURPOSE: The difference between structural remodeling and changes in tone of peripheral arteries in the lower extremities has not been evaluated. The purpose of this study was to (1) evaluate the day-to-day reproducibility and interobserver reliability (IOR) of posterior tibial artery (PTA) diameter measurements and (2) evaluate the effect of ...
Calvo-Alén Jaime - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between deficient mannose-binding lectin (MBL) genotypes and arterial thrombotic events in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Patients with SLE of Hispanic, African American, and Caucasian ethnicity from LUMINA (LUpus in MInorities, NAture versus nurture), a multiethnic, longitudinal study of outcome, were studied. Arterial thrombotic events ...
Brewer LaPrincess C - - 2007
We hypothesized that measures of arterial stiffness and wave reflection influence functional capacity of patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Consecutive patients (n=106, 69+/-10 years, 66% men) referred for lower extremity arterial evaluation were studied. Radial artery pulse waveforms were obtained by applanation tonometry and an ascending aortic pressure waveform ...
Osuga Keigo - - 2006
Transcatheter embolotherapy (TCE), a common procedure for interventional radiologists, comprises transcatheter delivery of embolic agents into target vessels in order to eliminate lesions or lesion-associated symptoms. Good knowledge of delivery catheters and embolic agents is essential to optimize embolization techniques and to obtain the desired therapeutic outcomes. In this review, ...
Golijanin D - - 2007
Doppler evaluation in erectile dysfunction (ED) has a significant role in determining the cause of ED. The advantages of penile Doppler and pharmacologic duplex ultrasonography include objective, minimally invasive evaluation of penile hemodynamics at a relatively low cost. Arteriogenic ED may be secondary to peripheral vascular disease and diabetes, or ...
Miller, Thomas A.
The 133xenon clearance test is an easy, noninvasive method to assess arterial blood flow and can distinguish a normal from an ischemic limb. In addition, the close correlation with clinical findings affords an objective method of evaluating the results of surgical revascularization. On the basis of these findings, we feel ...
Korkut A K - - 2006
A 70-year-old male patient was admitted with symptoms of unstable angina pectoris and claudication. He presented critical left main and right coronary artery disease and juxtarenal aortic occlusion at the same time. Internal thoracic artery increased in diameter with many collateral branch arteries distally. Coronary artery bypass graft operation was ...
Vicari E - - 2006
The aim of this study is to evaluate whether penile peak systolic velocity (PSV) varies in patients with erectile dysfunction (ED) due to artery insufficiency associated with abnormalities in other arterial districts or not. To accomplish this, cavernous artery PSV was determined 10, 20 and 30 min after intracavernously administering ...
Perin Emerson C - - 2006
There are several strategies for cell delivery in cardiac stem cell therapy. The cells can be delivered through coronary arteries, coronary veins, or peripheral veins. Alternatively, direct intramyocardial injection can be performed, using a surgical, transendocardial, or transvenous approach. In this article, we describe the most important conceptual aspects and ...
Funahashi Satoru - - 2006
The authors herein report the case of a teenage boy who presented with peripheral arterial occlusion of both upper and lower extremities associated with hypereosinophilia. During a 10-year follow-up, corticosteroid therapy was continued for the treatment of hypereosinophilia. The patient underwent bilateral lumbar sympathectomies because of severe ischemia of the ...
Ozçay Figen - - 2006
We described a case of Alagille syndrome with severe peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis and very high right ventricular pressure that underwent successful living-related liver transplantation without any peri-operative and mid-term postoperative complication because of this cardiac malformation. The aim of this report is to point out that the severe pulmonary ...
Singh D - - 2006
Floating thrombus in a non-aneurysmal and non-atherosclerotic brachio-cephalic trunk is an extremely rare event with potentially catastrophic complications. There is a risk of both peripheral and cerebral embolization. We present a very rare case of floating thrombus in the brachio-cephalic trunk that presented with advanced ischaemia of the right upper ...
Garcia Lawrence A - - 2006
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD), a major cause of disability, loss of work, and lifestyle changes in the United States, is defined as obstruction of blood flow into an arterial tree excluding the intracranial or coronary circulations. PAD is mostly silent in its early stages, but when lesion obstruction exceeds 50%, ...
Sidhu P S - - 2006
The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the improvement in diagnostic quality and diagnostic accuracy of SonoVue microbubble contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CE-US) versus unenhanced ultrasound imaging during the investigation of extracranial carotid or peripheral arteries. 82 patients with suspected extracranial carotid or peripheral arterial disease received four SonoVue doses (0.3 ...
Sander Stephen - - 2006
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate differences in the efficacy and safety of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA) and urokinase in the treatment of peripheral arterial occlusion. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective comparative trials. DATA SOURCE: PubMed/MEDLINE database from 1966-October 2004. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The literature was systematically searched ...
Dogan Omer Faruk - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Catheter- or noncatheter-related peripheral arterial complications such as arterial pseudoaneurysm, embolus, or arteriovenous fistula may be seen in the pediatric age group. The most common etiologies defined for arterial complications are peripheral arterial puncture performed for a routine arterial blood gas analysis, arterial catheters placed for invasive monitorization of ...
Bianchi Giampaolo - - 2006
Patients submitted to orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) show an increased rate of cardiovascular events. OLT subjects have high homocysteine (Hcy) levels, but no data are available on the association of Hcy with cardiovascular events. In a cross-sectional analysis, 230 subjects were studied at least 6 months after OLT (159 on ...
Simpson John D - - 2006
Peripheral arterial disease in the legs represents a subset of atherosclerosis that manifests a particularly sinister profile. A predominance of sympathetic activity in the periphery favors the development of neurogenic atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis may then produce flow derangements and decreased physical activity that serves to escalate sympathetic bias in a vicious ...
Bonham Phyllis A - - 2006
Lower extremity arterial disease affects approximately one third of individuals 66 years of age and older and has a high risk for nonhealing wounds, infection, and limb loss. Much wound care is given by or under the direction of nurses. Therefore, the assessment and management of these patients presents many ...
Cunningham Leslie D - - 2005
Peripheral arterial disease is a common disorder in the aging United States population that is both underdiagnosed and undertreated. In this review, we outline the general approaches to the diagnosis and management of lower-extremity arterial diseases. A broad array of current treatment options, including medical, catheter-based, and open surgical interventions ...
Tercan Fahri - - 2005
Popliteal artery entrapment syndrome is a rare but potentially limb threatening peripheral vascular disease occurring predominantly in young adults. We report a case of a 17-year-old boy who presented with intermittent claudication on the right side. Digital subtraction angiography revealed bilateral, focal narrowing of the popliteal arteries. Magnetic resonance imaging ...
Willmann Jürgen K - - 2005
With the introduction of multidetector-row CT (MDCT) technology indications for MDCT angiography have expanded to include assessment of the peripheral arteries of the upper and lower extremities. Combined with patient- and scanner-adjusted CT data acquisition and contrast medium application strategies, an accurate and reliable evaluation of the peripheral arteries of ...
Perrone-Filardi Pasquale - - 2005
In patients at risk for coronary atherosclerosis, brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) rules out significant coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the value of this approach is unknown in patients with peripheral arterial disease who are at increased risk for CAD. This study assessed whether the noninvasive evaluation of endothelial function ...
Aboyans Victor - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to determine the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in candidates for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and to assess the predictive value of different types of subclinical PAD (peripheral occlusive disease and medial arterial calcification [incompressible ankle arteries]). BACKGROUND: Observational studies report poor prognosis ...
Isezuo S A - - 2005
Thromboembolic complications are frequent in patients with peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM). Peripheral artery occlusions are however rare. This case report describes a 30-year-old grand multiparous woman with PPCM complicated by acute lower limb ischaemia and gangrene. This followed left intraventricular thrombi despite maintenance of sinus rhythm. We suspect that the thrombosis ...
Lind Lars - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Three different techniques to evaluate endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the peripheral circulation have been described but not simultaneously tested in a large-scale population-based setting. This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of these techniques in the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study. METHODS AND ...
Kals Jaak - - 2006
The role of endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) in modulation of large artery stiffness in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is unexplored. The aim of this study was to evaluate, using pulse wave analysis (PWA), changes in aortic and systemic arterial stiffness following administration of nitroglycerin and beta(2)-agonist salbutamol in ...
Luján S - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: To determine clinical parameters that could predict occult vascular lesions (OVL) in patients with symptomatic atherosclerosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Prospective evaluation of 269 consecutive patients with symptomatic atherosclerosis (cerebral 32%, peripheral vascular 15%, and coronary 53%): complete laboratory, ultrasound exams (carotids, aorta, heart), ankle-brachial index. OVL were defined as: ...
Ahimastos Anna A - - 2005
Ramipril improves cardiovascular outcome in patients with peripheral arterial disease; however, the precise mechanisms of benefit remain to be elucidated. The effect of ramipril on large-artery stiffness in patients with peripheral arterial disease was examined. In addition, we determined the effect of ramiprilat on extracellular matrix from human aortic smooth ...
Chen Wei-Hsi - - 2005
Intracranial embolization usually arises from heart, precerebral artery or aorta but rarely the peripheral artery as retrograde upstream of embolus should be overcome. We encountered a woman who experienced a transient right acronumbness followed by a sudden onset of left hemiplegia and conscious change concurrently. Cranial computerized tomography revealed a ...
Andaluz N - - 2005
In this case report, a 49-year-old woman developed subarachnoid hemorrhage in the right cerebellopontine angle cistern and blood into the fourth ventricle from a ruptured peripheral aneurysm of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) located at the meatal loop. Concomitantly, a contralateral peripheral aneurysm was found in the posterior inferior ...
Pannier Bruno - - 2005
The aorta is the principal capacitive element of the arterial tree and its increased stiffness, determined by measurement of aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV), is a strong independent predictor of cardiovascular mortality in the general population and end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Whether stiffness of ESRD patients' peripheral arteries has ...
Inoue Tatsuyuki - - 2005
Paradoxical embolism may occur in patients with acute pulmonary thromboembolism, when patent foramen ovale (PFO) coexists with pulmonary hypertension (right-left shunt). There have been few case reports of paradoxical embolism in peripheral arteries coincident with acute pulmonary thromboembolism. Here, we describe a case of paradoxical peripheral embolism associated with PFO ...
Al-Omran Mohammed - - 2005
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a marker of advanced atherosclerosis with an elevated risk of cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. The modification of risk factors to improve the outcomes of patients with coronary artery atherosclerosis is proven and has become an accepted standard of care that is widely followed. Recent evidence ...
Aliberti Giuseppe - - 2005
The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the pulmonary vessel endothelium in the metabolism of fibrinogen (FBG), by measuring the FBG, D-dimer, and fibrin(ogen) degradation product levels in the blood from pulmonary and radial arteries from 99 patients undergoing aortocoronary bypass. For comparison, protein C, protein ...
Leithäuser Boris - - 2005
This case report describes a 22-year-old woman with severe arterial ischemia leading to claudication and ulceration of the feet, presumably due to long-term abuse of amphetamine derivates, such as "speed" or "ecstasy," and cannabis. Known causes for peripheral occlusive disease, such as atherosclerosis, vasculitis, or collagen vascular disease, were excluded. ...
Schneditz Daniel - - 2005
Impaired arterial compliance contributing to increased blood pressure and cardiac workload is well accepted as a major factor in cardiovascular disease. Information on local arterial compliance is obtained when analyzing the deformation of selected arterial segments under stress. A more global measure of arterial compliance is obtained by analyzing the ...
Morales Fernando - - 2005
The standardisation of manoeuvres to perform clinically discriminative microvascular flow reserve tests is still poorly developed, as well as the response analysis. The aim of this study was to establish a reproducible analysis method for the post-occlusive reactive hyperaemia (PORH) test measured using laser Doppler perfusion monitoring (LDPM). LDPM data ...
Chauvapun Joe R - - 2005
Distal peripheral microembolism is caused by embolization of atherosclerotic debris into small arteries and arterioles. The recent advances in endovascular technique have been met with a gradual increase in the incidence of iatrogenic atheroembolism. This review seeks to explore the nature of distal peripheral microembolism, pathophysiology, and the management options, ...
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