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Apitz Christian - - 2008
We present a 3-year-old boy with an elastin gene mutation and multiple peripheral pulmonary stenoses, who developed aneurysms of the pulmonary arteries spontaneously. We performed transcatheter occlusion of the aneurysms with detachable coils. While pulmonary arterial aneurysms may develop following pulmonary balloon angioplasty, spontaneous development is exceedingly rare. To the ...
Missault L - - 2007
RATIONALE: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is an underestimated and under diagnosed disease with as much as 60% of the patients having at least one other vascular bed affected. PURPOSE: The study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of PAD defined by different means in high risk Belgian ambulatory patients. METHODS: Participating ...
Stanek F - - 2007
A case report of a patient with unusual compressive syndrome is reported herein. A 27-year-old woman was referred to our hospital due to intermittent claudication in the left thigh and calf which gradually developed over the last five months. Angiography showed an atypical short occlusion of the external iliac artery. ...
Perry Rebecca - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to determine the effects of salbutamol and nitroglycerin (NTG) on the luminal diameter of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery, as measured noninvasively by the novel technique of high-resolution transthoracic echocardiography (HRTTE). BACKGROUND: Invasive studies of the coronary arteries have demonstrated vasodilatation by salbutamol ...
Qi Xian-Rong - - 2007
The clinical benefits of coronary artery bypass graft operations can be compromised by postoperative vasospasm. Traditionally, local papaverine (PPV) has been employed during the procedure to prevent and counteract vasospasm. But the relatively short action period limited its application. Fibrin glue (FG) might be a potential carrier of PPV for ...
Mishra Anuj - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of multidetector (16-row) computed tomography (MDCT) in imaging the upper and lower limb arterial tree in trauma and peripheral vascular disease. METHODS: Thirty three patients underwent multislice computed tomography angiography (MSCTA) of the upper or the lower limb on multislice (16-slice) CT scanner between November ...
Faglia E - - 2007
AIM: To determine parameters predictive of avoidance of major (above-the-ankle) amputation after a technically successful peripheral angioplasty (PTA) in patients with diabetes with critical limb ischaemia. METHODS: From January 1999 to December 2003, 420 consecutive patients with diabetes admitted to hospital because of critical limb ischaemia underwent peripheral angiography and ...
Wolff Birger - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary endothelial function is known to be impaired in subjects with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH), but peripheral endothelial dysfunction and its predictive value for pulmonary vasoreactivity have not been previously investigated. METHODS: Measurements of peripheral endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent vasoreactivity using flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and nitroglycerin-mediated dilation of the ...
Simons Alan J - - 2007
This report describes the simultaneous use of both peripheral and coronary distal protection techniques to prevent no-reflow phenomena in a large sequential saphenous vein graft. The use of a large peripheral stent allowed for simultaneous distal protection while advancing the larger-lumen stent over both wires, resulting in safe deployment.
Roos Justus E - - 2007
The study was approved by the institutional review board, and informed consent was obtained. The purpose of the study was to prospectively quantify the angular visibility range, determine the existence of orthogonal viewing pairs, and characterize the conditions that cause artifacts in multipath curved planar reformations (MPCPRs) of the peripheral ...
Mohiuddin Mohammad W - - 2007
Two competing schools of thought ascribe vascular disease states such as isolated systolic hypertension to fundamentally different arterial system properties. The "windkessel school" describes the arterial system as a compliant chamber that distends and stores blood and relates pulse pressure to total peripheral resistance (R(tot)) and total arterial compliance (C(tot)). ...
Böckler D - - 2007
Intraluminal mobile thrombus of the descending aorta are rare disorders. They are at high risk for peripheral embolism and therefore indication for treatment is mandatory. We report on a 54-year-old patient with peripheral arterial embolization who was treated by surgical thrombus removement by thoracotomy and staged peripheral bypass grafting. New ...
Lin Peter H - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: Rheolytic thrombectomy using the AngioJet catheter for arterial thrombosis has been shown to be effective in restoring blood flow. Additional infusion of thrombolytic agents via the AngioJet catheter results in combined rheolytic pharmacomechanical thrombolysis (PMT), which further enhances thrombectomy efficacy. However, the histologic response to rheolytic PMT therapy remains ...
Lumsden Alan B - - 2007
Atherosclerosis accounts for most peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAD). Although many of the risk factors for atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) such as hyperlipidemia have been identified as risk factors for peripheral arterial disease, strong evidence is lacking that risk factor modification is effective in halting progression or improving outcomes. ...
Ludyga Tomasz - - 2007
Ankle-brachial index (ABI) measurements are widely used for evaluating the functional state of circulation in the lower limbs. However, there is some evidence that the value of ABI does not accurately reflect the degree of walking impairment in symptomatic patients with peripheral arterial obstructive disease (PAOD). We investigated the diagnostic ...
White John V - - 2007
Published in 2000, the TransAtlantic Inter-Societal Consensus (TASC) guidelines contained a new classification system for treatment of peripheral arterial disease. The classification was based upon response to intervention and was independent of technology and techniques. The goal of this system was to indicate the best form of treatment, endovascular (TASC ...
Kirvaitis Romas J - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A forward-looking, fiberoptic guided device (Safe-Cross System, Intraluminal Therapeutics, Carlsbad, CA) has been used with guided radiofrequency energy to open chronic total occlusions (CTOs). This report describes the use of optical coherent reflectometry (OCR) system to assess safety and efficacy of opening CTOs in native peripheral arteries in the ...
Akishima Shinji - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Although cigarette smoking is thought to constrict peripheral vessels, details have not been clarified because of the limitation of spatial resolution in conventional X-ray angiography systems. Synchrotron radiation microangiography can identify small arteries down to 50 microm in diameter. METHOD AND RESULTS: Male Wistar rats (n=9) were made to ...
Hingorani Anil P - - 2007
Duplex arteriography may be a potential replacement of preoperative standard contrast arteriography for peripheral arterial imaging in lower extremity revascularization procedures. In patients with chronic or acute ischemia, a well-performed duplex arteriography offers several practical advantages over contrast arteriography: it is noninvasive; it does not require nephrotoxic agents; it is ...
Vanninen Ritva L - - 2007
PURPOSE: To describe our preliminary experience with a new liquid embolization agent, Onyx, in peripheral interventions. METHODS AND RESULTS: We successfully treated two peripheral aneurysms (one in an internal iliac artery, one in a thoracic collateral artery of an aortic coarctation), two peripheral pseudoaneurysms (one in a lumbar artery, one ...
Diehm Nicolas - - 2007
Endovascular therapy is a rapidly evolving field for the treatment of patients with peripheral arterial disease, and a magnitude of studies reporting on various modern revascularization concepts have been recently published. Thus, studies assessing the efficacy of endovascular therapy of peripheral arteries do not operate with uniformly defined endpoints, rendering ...
Martin Linda - - 2007
A 48-year-old woman presented with acute unilateral ischaemia of the left hand. She had a background of chronic peripheral neuropathic pain, palpitations, anaemia and an episode of superficial thrombophlebitis. Physical examination revealed non-blanching purple discoloration of her left fingers and her left thumb, index finger and thenar eminance appeared ischaemic. ...
Mazzone Antonino - - 2007
We describe a case of acute ischemia of the 2nd, 3rd and 4th fingers of the right hand secondary to peripheral vascular occlusive disease induced by repeated intra-arterial cocaine injections. The complete occlusion of the distal arteries resolved following treatment with iloprost, a synthetic stable analogue of prostacyclin PGI2, in ...
Janvier Marie-Ange - - 2007
Stenosis degree is the most common criterion used to assess the severity of atherosclerosis. This form of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is often present in lower limb arteries. However, to detect and quantify distributed arterial stenoses in lower limbs, a high precision is required over a long segment. Moreover, to ...
Sakuma Masahito - - 2007
Pulmonary artery aneurysm (PAA), especially the peripheral type, is a rare disease. We report 2 cases of peripheral PAA with pulmonary artery hypertension. Complication associated with peripheral PAA was hemoptysis. Endovascular coil embolization was performed successfully in one patient. The other with peripheral PAA was died of massive hemoptysis. In ...
Sardella Gennaro - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Naturally-occurring regulatory T cells (Treg) constitute a mature T-cell population characterized phenotypically by co-expression of CD4 and CD25(high) surface molecules. We investigated here the frequency of circulating Treg in patients presenting with STEMI in comparison with subjects without coronary artery disease (CAD). The effect of primary percutaneous coronary intervention ...
Suzuki Toshihide - - 2007
We have recognized marked effectiveness for intermittent claudication with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) apheresis in two cases of arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO). The Case 1 was a 73-year-old man with intermittent claudication of both lower extremities (Fontaine class II), digital subtraction angiography (DSA) revealed complete obstruction of the left common iliac artery, ...
Mardikar H M - - 2007
Atherosclerotic peripheral arterial disease is a common medical problem worldwide and portends a poor prognosis because of increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Regular exercise, weight loss, and aggressive risk factor modification, including treatment of dyslipidemia and complete cessation of smoking, is extremely important in this high-risk cohort. Vascular surgery in ...
Nayak Keshav R - - 2007
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a condition typified by decreased arterial blood flow in the non-coronary branches of the aorta as a result of chronic atherosclerosis. Despite the higher prevalence of PAD compared with other cardiovascular entities such as myocardial infarction and stroke, far less import is given to its ...
Brière Jean B - - 2007
Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is an acquired myeloproliferative disorder (MPD) characterized by a sustained elevation of platelet number with a tendency for thrombosis and hemorrhage. The prevalence in the general population is approximately 30/100,000. The median age at diagnosis is 65 to 70 years, but the disease may occur at any ...
McCaslin J E JE Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Vascular Office, Department of Surgery, Gateshead, Tyne & Wear, UK, NE9 6SX. - - 2007
In the UK, symptomatic peripheral arterial disease (PAD) occurs in 5 to 7% of people over the age of 55 years. Cryoplasty offers a new approach by combining the dilation force of balloon angioplasty with the delivery of cold thermal energy to the vessel wall. Cryoplasty is thought to provoke ...
Schueller-Weidekamm Claudia - - 2006
PURPOSE: To retrospectively compare a low kilovoltage scanning protocol with a reduced radiation dose with a standard high kilovoltage, moderate-dose protocol for the depiction of central and peripheral pulmonary arteries at single-detector spiral computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study had institutional review board approval; informed consent was ...
Fatma Fidan, Murat Acar, ...
A 54 year-old male admitted to our hospital with sudden onset shortness of breath, chest and back pain, weakness, and fever. Chest radiography and CT examination revealed consolidations and nodular densities 1-2 cm sized in both lungs. Swelling and redness were noticed in the dorsal aspect of patients' right hand ...
Gerhard-Herman Marie - - 2006
Accompanying the rapid growth of interest in percutaneous vascular interventions, there has been increasing interest among cardiologists in performing noninvasive vascular testing using ultrasound. In an attempt to provide recommendations on the best practices in vascular laboratory testing, this report has been prepared by a writing group from the American ...
Bedarida Gabriella V - - 2006
Lipoprotein (a) (Lp(a)) is a well-documented risk factor for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Its role in acute thrombo-embolic occlusions of peripheral arteries is not known. We describe two cases of multiple, acute, peripheral arterial occlusions in two previously healthy men with markedly elevated Lp(a). Both cases had unsatisfactory results after percutaneous ...
Niazi Khusrow - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a common disease that is diagnosed with a screening test called the Ankle Brachial Index (ABI). Different methods of ABI have been described in the literature. We wanted to estimate and compare the sensitivity and specificity of an alternative method of calculating the ABI ...
Saberin Amir - - 2006
Peripheral vascular disease is an obstacle to the use of continuous aortic flow augmentation (CAFA). The authors used CAFA in a patient with a 50% stenosis of the left iliac artery. Five hours after initiating therapy, flow rates dropped from 1.47 L/min to 0.2 L/min, possibly due to obstruction around ...
Reisch Nicole - - 2007
Acute leukemia may be associated with coagulopathy, predominantly severe bleeding diathesis caused by disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and/or hyperfibrinolysis. Disordered hemostasis is characteristic for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL, FAB M3). However, thromboembolic events such as arterial occlusion localized to the large vessels at presentation is very rare and almost exclusively ...
Schillaci Giuseppe - - 2006
Chronic kidney disease is accompanied by increased large-artery stiffness, but the relation between glomerular filtration rate within the reference range and central or peripheral arterial stiffness has been understudied. The link between renal function and arterial stiffness was assessed in 305 patients with never-treated essential hypertension (men: 58%; age: 48+/-11 ...
Goktas Serdar - - 2006
Thromboangiitis obliterans (TAO) or Buerger's disease is a clinical syndrome characterized by the development of segmental thrombotic occlusions of the medium and small arteries of the extremities. Exception of the peripheral arteries of the extremities in TAO is very rare. Reported herein is the first case of intrarenal branch involvement ...
Schröder Frank - - 2006
Ankle-brachial pressure index (ABI) is a simple, inexpensive, and useful tool in the detection of peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAD). The current guidelines published by the American Heart Association define ABI as the quotient of the higher of the systolic blood pressures (SBPs) of the two ankle arteries of that ...
Lee Jason T - - 2006
Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) has emerged as a useful and often necessary adjunct in a rising number of catheter-based peripheral interventions. IVUS catheters enable luminal and transmural cross-sectional imaging of peripheral vessels with high dimensional accuracy and provide detailed information about lesion morphology. IVUS is able to guide the optimal choice ...
Delis Konstantinos T - - 2006
Neurofibromatosis type 1, also called von Recklinghausen's disease, is an autosomal dominant disorder linked to chromosome 17, characterized by growth impairment of the neural crest cells (ectoderm) manifested by multiple neural tumors, cutaneous pigmentations, and Lisch nodules. Disease phenotype develops with time, making its penetrance almost complete by 5 years ...
Luque Contreras Diana - - 2006
Following arterial occlusion, blood vessels respond by sprouting new capillaries (i.e. angiogenesis) and by growing and remodelling pre-existing arterioles into physiologically relevant arteries (i.e. arteriogenesis). The importance of nitric oxide (NO) in ischemia-induced angiogenesis is supported by 4 main findings: (i) the ischemic limb shows an increase in endothelial nitric ...
Yilmaz Mehmet Birhan - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Peripheral artery disease is a common condition, mainly associated with clinical cardiovascular risk factors. Patients with peripheral artery disease suffer from coronary artery disease-related complications. On the other hand, metabolic syndrome, as a constellation of specific risk factors, represents a risk factor for cardiovascular mortality. Metabolic syndrome might increase ...
Thakur, R. S.
Background: Arteriography has been considered the "Gold Standard" for the investigation of Peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). The development of Colour flow Doppler (CFD) has extended the scope of non-invasive assessment of chronic lower limb arterial disease. Aims: To evaluate and correlate the findings of CFD with arteriography as the ...
Zhou Wei - - 2006
Excimer laser atherectomy (LA) employs precision laser energy control (shallow tissue penetration) and safer wavelengths (ultraviolet as opposed to the infrared spectra in older laser technology), which decreases perforation and thermal injury to the treated vessels. Though extensively used by cardiologists for severe obstructive coronary artery disease, peripheral interventionalists have ...
Bova Carlo - - 2006
Recent data have shown a higher incidence of arterial events in patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) of unknown origin than in those with the secondary form of disease. Whether patients with idiopathic VTE have a higher risk of subsequent arterial events than the general population is unknown. The aim was ...
Ancora Gina - - 2006
We report a case of severe, peripheral, and diffuse tissue ischemia after umbilical vein catheterization (UVC) in a preterm newborn born to a preeclamptic mother. Nitroglycerin ointment was used to treat lesions. The recovery was good but partial loss of the distal phalange of one finger and one toe occurred. ...
MacGregor John M - - 2006
A 4-month-old West Highland White Terrier was evaluated for dyspnea. Severe cardiac silhouette enlargement was present radiographically. Severe right ventricular hypertrophy and dilation with a dilated pulmonary trunk and a stenosis of the right pulmonary artery were diagnosed via echocardiography. Additional areas of peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis were diagnosed with ...
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