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Adragao Teresa - - 2008
The objective of this study was to evaluate the correlation of bone mineral density (BMD), evaluated by DXA, with vascular calcifications, arterial stiffness, and vascular disease in patients on peritoneal dialysis. Vascular calcifications were evaluated by vascular calcification score on plain x ray, and arterial stiffness was measured by pulse ...
Santoro Giuseppe - - 2008
Arterial tortuosity syndrome is a rare connective tissue disorder characterized by elongation and tortuosity of large elastic arteries resulting in multiple vascular stenoses. This article reports on a novel hybrid transcatheter-surgical strategy to treat bilateral peripheral pulmonary artery stenoses due to this syndrome. Operation consisted of stent implantation by midline ...
Gardner Andrew W AW CMRI Metabolic Research Center (Dr Gardner), University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73117, USA. - - 2008
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD), a manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis, is a significant health problem. It manifests in lower extremities as intermittent claudication, limb ischemia, or gangrene and other locations as stroke, renal failure, or mesenteric ischemia. Fontaine and Rutherford classifications are the 2 commonly used classifications to stage the severity ...
Jurado Javier A - - 2008
Radiation therapy is a cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. This is due to the significant degree of atherosclerosis seen in the vessels in the vicinity of the area being irradiated. Radiation-induced peripheral arterial disease is increasingly being recognized as large populations of cancer patients survive longer, yet it is ...
Paraskevas Kosmas I - - 2008
Cholesterol crystal embolization (CCE) is a possible complication of peripheral endovascular interventions. The diagnosis of CCE is suggested by the gradual onset of peripheral cutaneous manifestations (e.g., livedo reticularis, blue toe syndrome) accompanied by progressive increases in blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels following an invasive arterial procedure. On occasion, ...
Movahedi Namvar - - 2008
During coronary artery bypass grafting in a 58-year-old man, a mass was discovered incidentally in the right atrium, measuring 1.5 x 1 x 0.5 cm. It was composed of disorganized hypertrophic mature cardiac myocytes, and associated with focal fibrosis, mature adipocytes, and mild lymphocytic infiltration in peripheral areas, indicative of ...
Pearce Lyndsay - - 2008
Peripheral arterial disease is both common and disabling. Contemporary management of peripheral arterial disease is multimodal, encompassing both medical and interventional treatments. Cilostazol (Pletal), a 2-oxoquinolone derivative, is currently licensed in the UK for the treatment of patients with intermittent claudication to improve their walking distance in the absence of ...
Hara Masahiko - - 2008
A 58-year-old man who required long-term hemodialysis was referred to our institution for the management of life-limiting intermittent claudication of the right lower extremity. The diagnostic arteriography demonstrated heavily calcified chronic total occlusion in the right common iliac artery. The lesion was successfully treated with the combination of a Tornus ...
Park Jong-Ho - - 2008
The corticobulbar tract fibers descend near the corticospinal tract, mostly to the upper medulla, where they decussate and ascend in the dorsolateral medulla to connect with the contralateral facial nucleus. Therefore, central type facial palsy can be present in patients with ipsilateral dorsolateral upper medullar lesion. We describe a 71-year-old ...
Palmas G - - 2008
Idiopathic infantile arterial calcificationI (IIAC) is a rare disorder characterized by calcium deposition in the internal elastica lamina of medium and large arteries and it has been defined in term of molecular genetics. It is usually fatal, approximately 85% of all patients die within the first months of life owing ...
Seemungal Barry M BM Neuro-otology Unit, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Imperial College London, Charing Cross Hospital, London, UK. - - 2008
Patients complaining of symptoms of acute vertigo present a diagnostic challenge for the clinician; the main differential diagnoses are acute unilateral peripheral vestibulopathy ("vestibular neuritis"), cerebellar stroke or migraine. The head impulse test is useful in the acute situation because, of these three diagnostic alternatives, it will only be positive ...
Samson Russell H - - 2008
The impact of statin therapy on established vascular conditions and recurrent disease is most relevant for long-term care. Patients receiving statin therapy have been shown to experience less recurrent stenosis following carotid endarterectomy and stent angioplasty, reduced cardiac events following cardiac and noncardiac vascular surgery, and reduction in aneurysm development. ...
Castagna Olivier - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of peripheral arterial disease and its implications for exercise limitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. METHOD: One hundred and fifty-one moderate-to-severe COPD patients (forced expiratory volume in 1 s: 37+/-6 SD% predicted) and 73 healthy age-matched control individuals (divided into 31 smokers and ...
Soor Gursharan S - - 2008
AIMS: This retrospective study aimed to document and illustrate the histomorphological changes underlying peripheral vascular disease (PVD). More specifically, it aimed to analyse and quantify those changes that lead to lower limb amputations. Histological changes were assessed in relation to various clinical pathologies, and significant correlations were sought thereafter. METHODS: ...
El-Hajjar Mohammad - - 2008
Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is associated with adverse outcomes. Strategies for its prevention have been evaluated for patients undergoing invasive coronary and peripheral angiography, including treatment with N-acetylcysteine, sodium bicarbonate, and use of iso-osmolar nonionic contrast. Recently, multidetector computed tomographic angiography (MDCTA) of the coronary and peripheral arteries has been introduced ...
Her Keun - - 2008
The present study examines the use of routine coronary angiography (CAG) before elective peripheral artery disease (PAD) surgery and the early outcome and technical features of simultaneous coronary revascularization and PAD surgery in PAD patients with asymptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD). We performed preoperative CAG in 82 patients who were ...
Ahimastos Anna A - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Claudication is a debilitating consequence of peripheral arterial disease. Evidence is accumulating to suggest that large artery stiffness may influence peripheral perfusion and walking time through effects on peripheral hemodynamics as well as microvascular structure and function. We have previously shown that the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor ramipril increased systemic ...
Vandy Frank - - 2008
Angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia (ALHE) is a rare vascular proliferative disorder, which most commonly involves the skin of the head and neck regions. Noncutaneous localization of this pathology is unusual, and its primary localization in large arteries presenting as a pulsatile mass is extremely rare. We report here two cases ...
Moise Mireille A - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Catheter-directed thrombolysis for the management of acute peripheral arterial occlusion emerged as a viable treatment option in the 1990s. It offers a less invasive approach than traditional open surgery for correcting acute limb ischemia. Nonetheless, thrombolysis is plagued by a relatively high rate of bleeding complications as well as ...
Goksel Onur S - - 2008
Acute presentation of critical peripheral arterial ischemia in an unstable cardiac patient is a challenge to the surgeon. Coexistence of two entities is usually managed with a staged approach; however, decision to treat which entity first may be difficult clinically. We present a 49-year-old man with acute infrarenal aortic occlusion ...
Roldán José F - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between peripheral arterial function and cortical bone thickness in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, we measured the combined cortical thickness (CCT) of the second metacarpal bone from hand radiographs, and the ankle-to-arm systolic blood pressure ratio, also known as ankle-brachial index (ABI), ...
Met Rosemarie - - 2008
The objective of this study was to summarize outcomes of subintimal angioplasty (SA) for peripheral arterial occlusive disease. The Cochrane Library, Medline and Embase databases were searched to perform a systematic review of the literature from 1966 through May 2007 on outcomes of SA for peripheral arterial occlusive disease of ...
Ni W - - 2008
5-HT is a vasoconstrictor exhibiting enhanced effects in systemic arteries from subjects with cardiovascular disease. The effect of endogenous 5-HT on arteries is controversial, because the concentration of free circulating 5-HT is low and a 5-hydroxytryptaminergic system has not been identified in peripheral arteries. We hypothesized that a local 5-hydroxytryptaminergic ...
Nguyen M C - - 2008
The prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) continues to rise in an ever ageing society and consumes a significant part of health resources. Percutaneous revascularization has revolutionized the treatment of lower extremity peripheral vascular disease over the past 10 years. Additionally, novel devices have allowed improved endovascular treatment of femoropopliteal ...
Meyer B C - - 2008
The influence of different table feeds (TF) on vascular enhancement and image quality in patients undergoing lower extremity runoff-CTA for peripheral artery occlusive disease (PAOD), acute ischemia (AI) or abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) with PAOD was investigated retrospectively. One hundred eighty-five patients (PAOD: n = 132; AI: n = 40; ...
Sassard Thomas - - 2008
As a ventricular unloading catheter, the Impella Recover LP 5.0 (Abiomed, Danvers, MA) is appropriate for temporary circulatory assistance in severe left ventricular dysfunction. We describe a new implantation approach to the right axillary artery with the aims of avoiding vascular problems due to atherosclerosis of the peripheral arteries and ...
Brevetti Gregorio - - 2008
Dysfunctional endothelium plays a crucial role in all stages of atherosclerosis and thus the accurate assessment of this organ is a valuable tool, especially if such assessments are clinically relevant. In peripheral arterial disease (PAD), which affects about 27 million of individuals in Europe and North America, increased plasma markers ...
Nunes J L B - - 2008
The presence of peripheral arterial occlusive disease increases the morbidity and mortality of patients with coronary artery disease. The objective of the present study was to calculate the prevalence of peripheral arterial occlusive disease in patients referred for coronary angiography. This prevalence study was carried out at the Hemodynamics Unit ...
Yeo Khung Keong - - 2008
Vessel rupture and perforation are important complications of percutaneous treatment of coronary and peripheral arterial disease. These complications can result in abrupt vessel closure, distal organ injury, bleeding into the surrounding tissue, and death. Prompt management of such complications is therefore critically important. This paper reviews the management of vessel ...
Badger Stephen A - - 2008
Peripheral arterial disease is prevalent and reflects overall cardiovascular disease state. Best medical treatment is the cornerstone of management to reduce peripheral arterial disease symptoms and to minimize vascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to assess the prescription practice of general practitioners in Northern Ireland for ...
Marwah Ashutosh
We present a 5 month old baby who was referred for an incidental detection of a murmur and was found to have tortuous pulmonary arteries with multiple peripheral pulmonary stenoses and bilateral inguinal hernia pointing towards the diagnosis of arterial tortuosity syndrome.
Pichler G - - 2008
Several studies of peripheral measurements with near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and venous or arterial occlusion have been performed in neonates. Results have been variable. Reasons include differences in patient populations, technical aspects of the devices used or the way measurements were made. It is therefore important that there should be ...
Anaya-Ayala J E - - 2008
Venous hypertension due to dialysis access is usually secondary to outflow obstruction. The bidirectional proximal radial artery arteriovenous fistula (PRAVF) has been proposed as a procedure to increase autogenous fistula utilization and is rarely reported to cause peripheral venous hypertension. We report here a case of peripheral venous hypertension from ...
Marwah Ashutosh - - 2008
We present a 5 month old baby who was referred for an incidental detection of a murmur and was found to have tortuous pulmonary arteries with multiple peripheral pulmonary stenoses and bilateral inguinal hernia pointing towards the diagnosis of arterial tortuosity syndrome.
Daly Kevin J - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Transcranial Doppler is a sensitive test for patent foramen ovale (PFO), but an absent temporal window precludes this in 12-15% of patients. We investigated whether the brachial (BrA), common carotid (CCA) or common femoral (CFA) artery provided reliable alternatives. METHODS: Patients underwent simultaneous insonation of a middle cerebral artery ...
Bunting Troy A - - 2007
Atherectomy is experiencing increased interest from endovascular specialists as a therapeutic treatment in the peripheral arteries. Long studied in the coronary vasculature, atherectomy has several theoretical advantages that make it uniquely suited for the peripheral circulation. In particular, infra-inguinal peripheral arterial disease experiences physiologic stresses and forces that have made ...
Bandyk Dennis F - - 2007
A surveillance program based on duplex ultrasound testing after peripheral arterial intervention can increase long-term patency by identifying and by repairing clinical significant lesions. Its successful application requires numerous conditions regarding pathobiology of arterial repair failure and its consequences, arterial testing expertise, and durability of secondary procedures used to repair ...
Albrecht Thomas - - 2007
With the introduction of MDCT with 16 or more detector rows, CTA of aortoiliac and peripheral run-off vessels has become a routine clinical tool. Rapid scan times of approximately 30 s for the entire peripheral vascular tree combined with thin slices (1-2 mm) allow high-resolution 3-D reconstruction. The short scan ...
Pham Thomas T - - 2007
Vascular causes of exertional lower extremity pain are relatively rare, but may be the answer in athletes refractory to treatment for the more common overuse syndromes of the lower extremities. It is important to differentiate these vascular causes from chronic exertional compartment syndrome (CECS), medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS), and ...
White Christopher J - - 2007
Peripheral arterial disease is one manifestation of systemic atherosclerosis. The prevalence of peripheral arterial disease increases with the age of the population. It is important to remember the significant association of coincident coronary artery disease, which is the major cause of mortality in these patients. Remarkable technological advances in the ...
Franklin Stanley S - - 2007
Recent interest in arterial stiffness as a possible new biomarker of cardiovascular (CV) disease has emerged. Arterial stiffness of the large, elastic conduit arteries is considered a risk marker of vascular aging; it leads to widened pulse pressure (PP) and the development of isolated systolic hypertension in the middle-aged and ...
A Svoboda Jirí - - 2008
Paleoanthropological materials from Predmostí, recovered by J. Wankel in 1884, K.J. Maska in 1894, M. Kríz in 1895, and K. Absolon in 1928 (and probably 1930), represent one of the largest collections of early modern human remains. Unfortunately, most of these fossils were destroyed in 1945. The aim of this ...
Apitz Christian - - 2008
We present a 3-year-old boy with an elastin gene mutation and multiple peripheral pulmonary stenoses, who developed aneurysms of the pulmonary arteries spontaneously. We performed transcatheter occlusion of the aneurysms with detachable coils. While pulmonary arterial aneurysms may develop following pulmonary balloon angioplasty, spontaneous development is exceedingly rare. To the ...
Missault L - - 2007
RATIONALE: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is an underestimated and under diagnosed disease with as much as 60% of the patients having at least one other vascular bed affected. PURPOSE: The study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of PAD defined by different means in high risk Belgian ambulatory patients. METHODS: Participating ...
Stanek F - - 2007
A case report of a patient with unusual compressive syndrome is reported herein. A 27-year-old woman was referred to our hospital due to intermittent claudication in the left thigh and calf which gradually developed over the last five months. Angiography showed an atypical short occlusion of the external iliac artery. ...
Perry Rebecca - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The study objective was to determine the effects of salbutamol and nitroglycerin (NTG) on the luminal diameter of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery, as measured noninvasively by the novel technique of high-resolution transthoracic echocardiography (HRTTE). BACKGROUND: Invasive studies of the coronary arteries have demonstrated vasodilatation by salbutamol ...
Qi Xian-Rong - - 2007
The clinical benefits of coronary artery bypass graft operations can be compromised by postoperative vasospasm. Traditionally, local papaverine (PPV) has been employed during the procedure to prevent and counteract vasospasm. But the relatively short action period limited its application. Fibrin glue (FG) might be a potential carrier of PPV for ...
Mishra Anuj - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of multidetector (16-row) computed tomography (MDCT) in imaging the upper and lower limb arterial tree in trauma and peripheral vascular disease. METHODS: Thirty three patients underwent multislice computed tomography angiography (MSCTA) of the upper or the lower limb on multislice (16-slice) CT scanner between November ...
Faglia E - - 2007
AIM: To determine parameters predictive of avoidance of major (above-the-ankle) amputation after a technically successful peripheral angioplasty (PTA) in patients with diabetes with critical limb ischaemia. METHODS: From January 1999 to December 2003, 420 consecutive patients with diabetes admitted to hospital because of critical limb ischaemia underwent peripheral angiography and ...
Wolff Birger - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary endothelial function is known to be impaired in subjects with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH), but peripheral endothelial dysfunction and its predictive value for pulmonary vasoreactivity have not been previously investigated. METHODS: Measurements of peripheral endothelium-dependent and endothelium-independent vasoreactivity using flow-mediated dilation (FMD) and nitroglycerin-mediated dilation of the ...
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