Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 784
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Blann A D - - 1998
Development of an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) may be a product of generalised atherosclerosis. If that is indeed the case, we would expect similarities in various risk factors and other markers in common with occlusive peripheral arterial disease (peripheral arterial disease), and less congruity with healthy controls. To test this ...
Aly S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of duplex imaging, compared with arteriography, in detecting arterial disease distal to the renal arteries. METHODS: Some 177 legs were studied in 90 patients (59 men, 31 women; median age 68 years) with peripheral arterial disease. Each patient had ...
Tetzlaff J E - - 1998
PURPOSE: Spinal anaesthesia is selected for many lower extremity surgical procedures each year in the United States with a high degree of safety and efficacy. Even when adverse neurological outcomes have occurred, anatomical abnormality or coagulopathy have been implicated in the majority of cases. Epinephrine is used in high concentrations ...
Hite S H - - 1998
A 10-month-old boy with a known diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis presented with axillary and brachial masses. Cross-sectional imaging with computed tomography, magnetic resonance, and ultrasound demonstrated unsuspected aneurysms of the axillary and brachial arteries. The results of these studies significantly changed the preoperative planning for this patient, who was scheduled ...
Jahns R - - 1998
The case of a 66-year-old woman with a primary cardiac osteosarcoma is described. These distinctly rare malignant tumors arise preferentially in the left atrium. Clinically, they often present symptoms of both, intramural and intracavitary neoplasm in addition to general weakness, recurrent breast pain, and dyspnea. As shown in the present ...
Rubano J J - - 1998
Multiple conditions, such as peripheral atherosclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, polyarteritis nodosa, and dermatomyositis, predispose a patient to arterial insufficiency of the lower extremities and subsequent formation of nonhealing wounds. This article will review the pathophysiology of these conditions, identify the unique physical characteristics of each, and describe the diagnostic tests ...
Salenius J P - - 1998
Near-infrared Raman spectroscopy provides an important new means of analyzing the chemical composition of the arterial wall. The objective of this study was to show that Raman spectroscopy can be used to evaluate the lipid and calcium salt contents of human peripheral arteries. The results extend a recently developed Raman-based ...
Gutierrez A - - 1998
Two patients with cocaine-induced peripheral vascular occlusive disease are presented. A 37-year-old man was admitted to the hospital for evaluation of severe pain and numbness of his feet. He had used cocaine prior to admission. Arteriography showed bilateral occlusions of superficial femoral, popliteal, and trifucation arteries. Despite repeated infusions of ...
de Vries S O - - 1998
The objectives of this study were (1) to determine the incidence of contralateral symptoms in patients with a unilateral intervention for peripheral arterial occlusive disease and (2) to identify characteristics that predict these symptoms. We included patients who had a unilateral surgical or percutaneous intervention for peripheral arterial occlusive disease ...
White C J - - 1998
PURPOSE: To report the initial results of a newly designed catheter for percutaneous circumferential atherectomy in patients with lower extremity atherosclerotic occlusive disease. METHODS: The Pullback Atherectomy Catheter (PAC) is an over-the-wire device that circumferentially debulks atherosclerotic lesions in peripheral arteries up to 6 mm in diameter. Pullback atherectomy with ...
- - 1998
The aim of this paper is to develop an intercontinental consensus on the use of thrombolytic therapy in occlusive peripheral arterial disease affecting lower limbs. A working party of self-designated angiologists, hematologists, interventional radiologists, and vascular surgeons of Europe and North America convened at 4 closed meetings. All published data ...
Tobias J D - - 1998
PURPOSE: To determine the accuracy of the Paratrend 7 monitor inserted into a peripheral vein in providing continuous measurements of PCO2 and pH in children with respiratory failure. METHODS: In a prospective, case series at a University based PICU in a tertiary referral hospital and following informed consent, the Paratrend ...
Knight J K - - 1997
Sudden occlusion of a peripheral artery by embolization or acute thrombosis results in acute ischemia. This is most commonly associated with sudden onset of severe pain, numbness and pallor. Chronic ischemia from peripheral vascular disease results in intermittent claudication. We present a case of peripheral embolization from a left ventricular ...
Majewski W - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Thirty-five patients with TAO and 35 with ASO have been studied. To determine differences between these two arterial diseases, we used clinical criteria, arteriographic and morphological methods. The peripheral (below the bifurcation of the popliteal artery) angiographic changes were found in TAO with 94% sensitivity, 94% specificity and with ...
Lund F - - 1997
In peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD), and particularly in critical limb ischaemia, fluorescence recording of the skin after i.v. injection of sodium fluorescein provides an overviewing functional imaging of regional blood perfusion as revealed by a continuous, almost geographical, mapping of changes in the dynamic fluorescence pattern. Based on the ...
Birnbaum Y - - 1997
In this review we present the current data on remodeling, based on in vivo ultrasound imaging or postmortem histologic analysis of native peripheral and coronary arteries from animal models and studies in patients (coronary artery saphenous vein bypass grafts, lesions of restenosis after balloon angioplasty and other catheter-based interventions). Histologic ...
Rubio A - - 1997
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a non-arterio-atherosclerotic, non-amyloidotic arteriopathy affecting preferentially the small arteries and arterioles of the brain. The morphologic hallmark is the presence of a characteristic granular alteration of the arterial media that ultrastructurally corresponds to the accumulation of electron-dense material surrounding ...
Piscaglia F - - 1997
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between changes in splanchnic and systemic haemodynamics in liver cirrhosis. DESIGN AND METHODS: Abdominal and peripheral duplex-Doppler sonography and Doppler echocardiography were performed in 42 cirrhotic patients with (group A, ascitic) or without ascites (group NA, non-ascitic) and in a control group of 36 healthy ...
Poppas A - - 1997
BACKGROUND: Temporal changes in systemic arterial compliance and wave propagation properties (pulsatile arterial load) and their role in ventricular-systemic arterial coupling during gestation have not been explored. Noninvasive methods combined with recently developed mathematical modeling techniques were used to characterize vascular and left ventricular (LV) mechanical adaptations during normal gestation. ...
Frank J R - - 1997
Systemic arterial dirofilariasis is an unusual manifestation of heartworm disease of dogs that results from aberrant migration of Dirofilaria immitis into the peripheral arterial circulation. To expand the clinical characterization of systemic arterial dirofilariasis, 5 dogs evaluated at the North Carolina State University's College of Veterinary Medicine were reviewed. Common ...
Larch E - - 1997
This study investigated the accuracy of color duplex sonography (CDS) compared with anterograde intraarterial digital subtraction angiography in the evaluation of the tibioperoneal arteries in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease. Fifty consecutive patients with femoropopliteal obstruction were examined immediately before planned percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. All CDS examinations were performed ...
Quan K J - - 1997
Neurocardiogenic syncope is a general term that describes syncope resulting from altered autonomic activity, as manifested by abnormal regulation of peripheral vascular resistance and heart rate. Although there has been great interest in the contribution of heart rate to this form of syncope, the peripheral circulation plays the dominant role ...
Zumbé J - - 1997
Variations of Hauri's penile revascularization have been in clinical use since 1983. The hemodynamics of the so-called three-vessel anastomosis remain uncertain despite successful, clinically reproducible results. The goal of this study was to depict the increased perfusion of the erectile system of the penis following revascularization by means of the ...
Lau T K - - 1997
Apart from predisposing to the formation of atherosclerosis in the coronary and cerebrovascular circulation, the menopause is also associated with an increased risk of developing peripheral vascular disease. The aim of this observational study was to determine whether the administration of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) had any effect on peripheral ...
Pinto F - - 1996
We examined 334 legs in 167 consecutive patients with advanced peripheral ischemic disease using color Doppler sonography and angiography. Angiography revealed 714 lesions (369 nonsignificant stenoses, 297 significant stenoses, and 48 occlusions) in the 334 legs examined. Overall, color Doppler sonography revealed diagnostic agreement with angiography in 668 of 714 ...
Buchwald H - - 1996
BACKGROUND: Few lipid/atherosclerosis intervention trials have assessed the impact of cholesterol reduction on peripheral arterial disease. The 838 patients evaluated in the Program on the Surgical Control of the Hyperlipidemias (POSCH) trial represent more than the total number of patients in the seven previously reported studies. METHODS: Peripheral arterial disease ...
Porembka D T - - 1996
This article presents an overview of the benefits and efficacy of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in the critically ill patient. The echocardiographic evaluation of ventricular function both regional and global, is discussed with special emphasis on ischemic heart disease; assessment of preload, interrogation of valvular heart disease (prosthetic and native) and ...
Wills E M - - 1996
Patients with peripheral vascular diseases (PVD) have venous problems, arterial problems, or both. Although several home care clinical guidelines exist for PVD, the multidisciplinary clinical guidelines for clients with peripheral arterial diseases outlined in this article present new material for nurses and agencies who are interested in developing clinical paths ...
Adegboyega P A - - 1996
This paper reports a case of migrating intravascular bullet embolus that initially produced no symptoms but resulted in an above-knee amputation 14 months after its entry into a peripheral artery. The missile entered through a penetrating gunshot wound to the abdominal aorta and later became lodged in the left popliteal ...
Chaloupka J C - - 1996
Peripheral aneurysms of the superior cerebellar artery may be difficult to treat surgically owing to their inaccessibility and to the frequent inability to preserve the involved parent artery. In fact, for most cases, surgical treatment consists of proximal parent artery occlusion and/or trapping with surgical clips. An equivalent endovascular therapeutic ...
Ferguson J M - - 1996
The procedures used in the treatment of peripheral arterial disease are evolving constantly. The most rapid changes have been in the use of endovascular techniques in which the interventions are occurring from within the blood vessel either in the radiology suite percutaneously or in the operating theatre by open access. ...
Schmiedl U P - - 1996
MR angiography (MRA) for the evaluation of peripheral arterial occlusive disease is a rapidly evolving technique. Recent prospective clinical trials have indicated that MRA may play an important role in the evaluation of patients with peripheral arterial disease. This article discusses the pertinent technical aspects and limitations of peripheral MRA ...
Caldwell B D - - 1996
Cyanosis of the digits may have several etiologies ranging from trauma to connective tissue disease; however, the most common cause of the so-called blue toe syndrome is atheroembolic disease or aneurysm and is frequently misdiagnosed on initial presentation. Pedal pulses are often palpable which may misdirect the physician from a ...
Isner J M - - 1996
The age-adjusted prevalence of peripheral arterial disease (PAD) in the U.S. population has been estimated to approach 12%. The clinical consequences of occlusive peripheral arterial disease (PAD) include pain on walking (claudication), pain at rest, and loss of tissue integrity in the distal limbs; the latter may ultimately lead to ...
Miyamura H - - 1996
An infant girl diagnosed with multiple peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis and Williams syndrome was followed-up for 17 years. Three cardiac catheterizations performed over the follow-up period showed that spontaneous gradual regression of the stenosis occurred with time. The initial systolic pressure gradient of 77-79 mmHg at the stenoses had decreased ...
Yang X - - 1996
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated pathologic correlations of pulmonary parenchymal manifestations surrounding small peripheral masses and their usefulness in differentiating small peripheral bronchogenic carcinomas from tuberculomas. METHODS: We evaluated 29 resected lobe specimens with 1.5- to 3.5-cm solitary pulmonary masses, including 24 carcinomas and five tuberculomas. These specimens were prospectively ...
Fushimi H - - 1996
Abnormal vasoreactions of peripheral arteries to cold stimulus of both hands were studied in controls and NIDDM patients by measuring changes of toe skin temperatures using thermography, and compared with thickness and calcification of wall and inner diameters of popliteal and dorsal pedal arteries using B mode ultrasonic imaging. Cold ...
de Vries S O - - 1996
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: We summarized and compared the diagnostic performance of duplex and color-guided duplex ultrasonography in the evaluation of peripheral arterial disease. We present our research as an example of the use of summary receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves in a meta-analysis of diagnostic test data. METHODS: A search ...
Diao E - - 1996
The peripheral suture in flexor tendon repairs was originally introduced to "tidy up" the repair site and to improve gliding after core suture placement. More recently, it has been proposed that the peripheral suture can be an important structural component of tendon repair; yet, the effect of peripheral suture technique ...
Takahashi K - - 1996
PURPOSE: To evaluate the angioarchitecture and the hemodynamics in the peripheral choroid in humans. METHODS: Choroidal circulation was examined in 23 normal eyes and in 7 with equatorial lattice degeneration by wide-angle indocyanine green (ICG) angiography using a scanning laser ophthalmoscope. A hand-held 30-diopter lens was placed in front of ...
Kinney T B - - 1996
Many operative and percutaneous procedures are available for the treatment of occlusive disease involving the lower-extremity arterial system. Peripheral vascular disease involving the aorta and lower-extremity vessels usually is attributable to atherosclerosis. The lower-extremity arterial supply is divided segmentally into the inflow (aortoiliac) and outflow (femoropopliteal and tibioperoneal) vessels. Given ...
Graham A A - - 1996
Plethysmography, a semiquantitative method of measuring segmental blood flow and velocity in the carotid and peripheral vascular systems, is safe, easy to perform, and inexpensive. Impedance, strain guage, air, and photoelectric plethysmographic methods are assessed in this publication for their relative safety, efficacy, and clinical utility in diagnosing vascular disease. ...
Jacobs M L - - 1996
A 4-year-old child with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and a 6-year-old child with tricuspid atresia had both undergone staged reconstructive operations culminating in a Fontan operation. Peripheral edema, ascites, and hypoalbuminemia refractory to dietary manipulation and steroid therapy developed in both patients. After hemodynamic assessment, each child underwent surgical creation ...
Lagattolla N R - - 1995
Thirty patients with peripheral arterial embolism underwent conventional transthoracic echocardiography. Transoesophageal echocardiography was also performed in ten of the same patients. The detection rate of cardiac abnormalities considered responsible for embolism was five of 20 in patients who received only transthoracic echocardiography and eight of ten in those who underwent ...
Woodburn K R - - 1995
We investigated the relationships between the angiographic severity of peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) and haemostasis, fibrinolytic, and rheological variables in 219 patients with symptomatic peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD). White cell count, fibrinogen, cross-linked fibrin degradation products (FDP), von Willebrand factor, and plasminogen activator inhibitor levels were all elevated ...
Ouriel K - - 1995
Thrombolytic therapy has been used as an alternative to surgery in the treatment of peripheral arterial occlusion. Only recently has data from controlled clinical trials become available to allow comparison of the results of both treatment modalities. This article reviews surgical results in the treatment of peripheral arterial occlusions, the ...
Meyerovitz M F - - 1995
Fibrinolytic therapy has become an accepted treatment modality for recent peripheral arterial and bypass graft occlusions and, in some cases, for chronic arterial occlusions. Streptokinase, urokinase, and tissue plasminogen activator have all been used for intraarterial infusion with varying protocols and results. This review focuses on dosing variables and clinical ...
Breek J C - - 1995
We describe a case of a complete persistent sciatic artery in an asymptomatic patient with multiple aortoiliac aneurysms. After endoaneurysmorraphy and ligation of the persistent sciatic artery at its origin, the patient did well, without ischaemic complications. Peripheral vascular reconstruction, although often recommended in the literature, did not seem to ...
Chantelau E - - 1995
In diabetes mellitus, peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) more often affects the lower rather than the upper leg. It is hypothesized that peripheral medial arterial calcification (MAC) may be related to this phenomenon. In 42 diabetic patients subjected to arteriography for PAOD, forefoot roentgenogrammes were also obtained for assessment of ...
Holgert H - - 1995
The drive on respiration mediated by the peripheral arterial chemoreceptors was assessed by the hyperoxic test in 3-day-old rat pups. They accounted for 22.5 +/- 8.8% during control conditions, but only for 6.9 +/- 10.0% after nicotine exposure, an effect counteracted by blockade of peripheral dopamine type 2 receptors (DA2Rs). ...
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