Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1206
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Guérin P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Dyspnea and the decrease in arterial saturation in the upright position in elderly subjects is described as platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome (POS). POS is secondary to the occurrence of an atrial right-to-left shunt through a patent foramen ovale (PFO). METHODS: This French multicentric study reports on 78 patients (mean age 67 ...
Cetin Gürkan - - 2005
A systemic-to-pulmonary arterial shunt is still widely used for palliation of some neonates with cyanotic congenital cardiac lesions. This procedure, however, is well known to be associated with some degree of morbidity and mortality. To reduce the incidence of iatrogenic pulmonary arterial deformities, we have devised a new and simple ...
Wallace Michael J - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and short-term patency of an experimental transvenous extrahepatic portacaval shunt (TEPS) in an animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With use of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance, the main portal vein (PV) was accessed from the inferior vena cava in six pigs and a TEPS was created ...
Kohli Vikas - - 2005
In some children of Tetralogy of Fallot's (TOF) presenting with progressive cyanosis, are palliative Blalock-Taussing (BT) shunt may be required. There are no reports of this modality of management in India, though this has been practiced in the other countries. The author reports an infant with Tetralogy of Fallot's who ...
Li Jiang-shan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the therapeutic effect of mini-traumatic ventriculo-atrial shunt on hydrocephalus. METHODS: Seventeen patients were treated with right internal jugular venepuncture intubation to finish minimally invasive ventriculo-atrial shunt for hydrocephalus. The patients were evaluated by CT/MRI. The catheters were deployed at the proper position in the right atrium under ...
Batra Anjan S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The modified Blalock-Taussig shunt is a common palliative procedure for children with cyanotic congenital heart disease. The distal shunt anastomosis can be done to a branch pulmonary artery or to the main pulmonary artery. The purpose of this study was to determine if the site of shunt connection influences ...
Yurtseven Taşkin - - 2005
A 21-year-old man presented with a sausage shaped mass lesion, located in the right anterolateral region of the neck. He had been operated on for hydrocephalus and thoraco-lumbar myelomeningocele at the age of 10 days and 2 months, respectively. Although he was asymptomatic at the age of 10 years, ventriculoatrial ...
Chen Grace Pei-Wen - - 2005
The platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome is a rare but important condition caused by a variety of clinical entities. Several mechanisms have been postulated to cause platypnea and orthodeoxia. These mechanisms mainly involve intracardiac shunting, pulmonary vascular shunting, and ventilation-perfusion mismatching. Patent foramen ovale is an important type of intracardiac shunt that can ...
Suda Kenji - - 2005
A 26-year-old patient, who has double inlet left ventricle, pulmonary atresia, and a patent vertical arterial duct, presented with progressive cyanosis with an arterial oxygen saturation of 71%. He had had three shunt operations and only the last aortopulmonary shunt was patent. Angiography revealed a stenotic aortopulmonary shunt, stenotic vertical ...
Lee Jui-Tien - - 2005
Although there are case reports about salvaging amputated digits without venous return by shunting retrograde blood flow from a distal digital artery to a proximal vein (Smith et al., Plast Reconstr Surg 71:52, 1983), successful salvage of a congested free toe with efferent arteriovenous (AV) shunting retrograde arterial flow from ...
Woodworth Graeme F - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunting effectively reverses symptoms of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Lumboperitoneal (LP) shunts have traditionally been used in patients with IIH due to a frequently undersized ventricular system. However, the advent of image-guided stereotaxis has enabled effective ventricular catheter placement in patients with IIH. We describe the ...
Hiraki T - - 2005
The aim of this study was the evaluation of preliminary suitability of the piglet small intestinal submucosa (SIS) sandwich Zilver endograft for experimental transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation. TIPS was created in six swine. The five surviving animals underwent the follow-up portogram and were sacrificed at four weeks after ...
Nguyen Thelinh Q - - 2005
Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is an effective treatment for significant carotid atherosclerosis. Perioperative stroke, a devastating complication, may be partially circumvented by shunting. However, routine shunt use is not without complications and does not benefit every patient. Our study is designed to determine whether CEA under general anesthesia, without cerebral monitoring, ...
Nakano Atushi - - 2005
Autologus veins have been used clinically as a bypass conduit for reconstruction of small arteries, but there are few data available for microvascular response to arteriovenous (AV) shunting. This study was aimed to evaluate microvascular hemodynamic changes induced by creating AV anastomosis in rat hindlimb. Using intravital fluorescence videomicroscopy, we ...
Freedom Robert M - - 2004
The palliation of the cyanotic child with a dominant morphologically left ventricle, discordant ventriculo-arterial connections, and obstruction to the pulmonary outflow tract has continued to evolve and mature. The evolution began in the early days of surgical palliation with the Blalock-Taussig shunt, extended to construction of cavopulmonary shunts, if required, ...
Pizarro Christian - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Despite significant improvement in survival after stage 1 Norwood, interim mortality before the second-stage operation remains significant. On the basis of reports of improved circulatory stability associated with the use of a right ventricle to pulmonary artery conduit, the difference between two physiologically different sources of pulmonary blood flow ...
Michelakis Nickolaos - - 2004
Ivemark's syndrome consists of intracardiac anomalies, abnormal lobation of the lungs, and abdominal heterotaxy. A frequent intracardiac anomaly seen in Ivemark's syndrome is a common atrium, which is associated with left-to-right shunting. The increased blood flow and resistance within the pulmonary vasculature creates pulmonary hypertension and eventual reversal of the ...
Tanoue Yoshihisa - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Midterm and long-term results of patients who underwent a Norwood procedure with a right ventricular-pulmonary artery conduit remain unclear. This study aimed to compare the midterm ventricular performance of the Norwood procedure with right ventricular-pulmonary artery conduit and the Norwood procedure with systemic-pulmonary shunt. METHODS: Twenty-one patients who underwent ...
Mezawa Shinichi - - 2004
Obliteration of portal-systemic shunts is effective for portosystemic encephalopathy but is often associated with complications such as retention of ascites and worsening of esophageal varices. Selective embolization of the splenic vein was performed on six patients with hepatic encephalopathy and splenorenal shunts. Hepatic encephalopathy was not observed in four patients ...
Dai Zen-Kong - - 2004
The expressions of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and endothelial nitric oxide synthase were assessed in the lung of adult Wistar rats (n = 6/group) undergoing an abdominal aortocaval shunt to increase pulmonary blood flow for 4, 8 or 12 weeks. The shunt resulted in significant medial hypertrophy of the pulmonary artery without ...
Leães Paulo E - - 2004
Newer oxygenators with the latest technologies are designed to attenuate the immune response, including lymphopenia, prompted by cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in cardiac surgery. We evaluated the effect of CPB, comparing an oxygenator with a venous-arterial shunt and a conventional oxygenator with regard to lymphocyte's early activation and apoptosis induction and ...
Wilmshurst P T - - 2004
To determine whether smaller atrial shunts (large persistent foramen ovale (PFO) and small atrial septal defect (ASD)) are inherited and whether this has a role in the inheritance of migraine with aura. Contrast echocardiography was used to detect atrial shunts in 71 relatives of 20 probands with a significantly sized ...
Greenberg S Bruce - - 2005
The classic Norwood I palliation for the treatment of hypoplastic left-heart disease includes an atrial septectomy, neoaorta creation, and a systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunt. The Norwood I palliation has been modified by the use of a right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt instead of a traditional systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunt. Right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunts ...
Maeda Katsuhide - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The various types of cavopulmonary connection are occasionally unsuccessful even when the indications have been strictly fulfilled based on preoperative hemodynamic studies. We performed a detailed study of lung specimens from 60 patients who were judged to be candidates for the modified Fontan procedures based on a catheterizaton study ...
Okamura Toru - - 2004
Our patient was diagnosed with complete atrioventricular canal and Tetralogy of Fallot with pulmonary atresia at the age of 1 month. Then he underwent right and left Blalock-Taussig shunts at the ages of 2 months and 5 years, respectively. His cyanosis had increased at 20 years of age. Cardiac catheterization ...
Russell W J - - 2004
Theoretically, if the cardiac output were increased in the presence of a given intrapulmonary shunt, the arterial saturation should improve as the venous oxygen extraction per ml of blood decreases if the total oxygen consumption remains constant. Previous work demonstrated that this was not achieved with adrenaline or isoprenaline as ...
Andersson T T Department of Neuroradiology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, - - 2004
We report a case of a frontal dural arteriovenous shunt or fistula (DAVS) adjacent to the left side of the cribriform plate, with bilateral supply from multiple arteries, the most prominent being the dural branches originating from the anterior ethmoidal artery coming from the left ophthalmic artery. Before treatment there ...
Ohye Richard G - - 2004
The Norwood procedure remains one of the highest-risk operations in congenital heart surgery. A significant contributor to this risk is thought to be the diastolic run-off into the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS). In an effort to eliminate this risk, several groups have begun to utilize a right ventricle to pulmonary ...
Chikamori Fumio - - 2004
The treatment of chronic portosystemic encephalopathy with esophageal varices has not yet been established. We were able to control a case of chronic portosystemic encephalopathy with esophageal varices using a combination treatment of transjugular retrograde obliteration and endoscopic embolization. A 57-year-old man came to our hospital in a confused, apathetic ...
Hotta Tsukasa - - 2004
An extrahepatic portosystemic shunt that has neither liver cirrhosis nor portal hypertension is rare. A 60-year-old Japanese woman who had been suffering chronic liver disease and anemia with mild disorientation was admitted to investigate general fatigue with dizziness and disorientation. The laboratory data revealed mild pancytopenia and liver dysfunction including ...
Chopra I - - 2004
A 25-year-old woman, who was 25 weeks pregnant, underwent insertion of a VP shunt for hydrocephalus, secondary to a bithalamic glioma. Two months later, she represented with symptoms of raised intracranial pressure and MR scan revealed increased ventricular size. On exploration of the shunt, manometry with saline confirmed blockage of ...
Clarke N R A - - 2004
AIMS: To assess transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) using second harmonic imaging with Valsalva manoeuvre compared to transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) for the diagnosis of right to left cardiac and pulmonary shunts. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and ten patients referred for TEE underwent TTE with bubble contrast. Bubbles in the left atrium ...
de Zeeuw Sandra - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Left ventricle-coronary artery shunting is proposed as an alternative means of myocardial revascularization when standard methods are not an option. During diastole, however, regurgitant coronary flow to the left ventricle decreases the efficacy of the left ventricle-coronary artery shunt. We investigated whether augmented coronary compliance would improve net forward ...
Shnaider H - - 2004
A 73 year old woman presented with profound central cyanosis and a history of a minor stroke. She had normal heart morphology, normal pulmonary artery pressure, and a normal coronary angiography. A patent foramen ovale (PFO) with a massive right to left shunt was demonstrated at the atrial level, with ...
Geffroy Arnaud - - 2004
PURPOSE: To report a case of severe and fatal cardiac complication following pericardiotomy to relieve a malignant tamponade. Right ventricular (RV) failure was responsible for major hypoxemia and for a persistent shunt through a patent foramen ovale. In the absence of pulmonary embolism and coronary occlusion, possible pathophysiologic mechanisms are ...
Ikai Akio - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Cavopulmonary shunt is widely known as an interim staging procedure in patients with single-ventricle physiology. However, the physiologic characteristics of the pulmonary arterial system after cavopulmonary shunt are not clearly understood. In this article, we developed a rabbit cavopulmonary shunt model and studied the morphologic changes and physiologic characteristics ...
Washizu Makoto - - 2004
Since the isotopes can not be utilized for veterinary patients in Japan, the authors developed a simple calculation formula of shunt fraction of portosystemic shunt based on the hepatic circulation model. The shunt fraction can be calculated utilizing only 2 portal pressure measurements of pre-shunt ligation and temporary or permanent ...
Tugrul Mehmet - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between end-tidal carbon dioxide levels and augmentation of pulmonary blood flow achieved by insertion of systemic-pulmonary shunts. DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. SETTINGS: University hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Nineteen cyanotic children with tetralogy of Fallot. INTERVENTIONS: Modified Blalock-Taussig shunt operations were performed on the left side in 14 ...
Shivaprakasha Krishnanaik - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Modifications have been made in cardiopulmonary circuit to reduce the inflammatory deleterious effects and cost. We present our experience of one such right heart bypass (RHB) circuit utilizing autologus lung as oxygenator. METHODS: From September 2001 to December 2002, 15 patients underwent congenital heart surgery with this technique. Bypass ...
Morandi Federica - - 2004
Diagnosing right-to-left congenital cardiac shunts can be difficult. Cardiac catheterization and angiocardiography represent the traditional gold standard for diagnosis, but they are invasive. Nuclear scintigraphy using 99mTc-macroaggregated albumin (MAA) has been employed in humans as an alternate method of diagnosis. This study reviews eight dogs presented for evaluation of a ...
Hangler Herbert B - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Local occlusion of coronary arteries during beating heart revascularization leads to injury of the arterial wall especially disturbing the integrity of the endothelium. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effects of intracoronary shunts versus local occlusion with elastic silicone loops on the beating heart in human ...
Koide Kazuyoshi - - 2004
Examination of a 2-month-old male golden retriever presented to the hospital revealed malnutrition, ascites, cardiac murmur and hyperammonemia. Identification of subaortic stenosis and hepatic arteriovenous fistula was made through ultrasonography and angiocardiography. In addition, intrasurgical mesenteric portography showed an intrahepatic portosystemic shunt. The dog did not show portal hypertension and ...
Tsunoda, Yuichi
Long-term volume overload causes an enlargement of vessels. This study was undertaken to examine the effects of angiotensin II type 1 (AT-1) receptor antagonist CV-11974 on the flow-induced vascular remodeling. Our methods involued the use of an artcvia-venous shunt made between the left common carotid artery and the external jugular ...
Cakir Ertuğrul - - 2004
Calcification and related dysfunction of ventriculo-peritoneal shunts are rare events in neurosurgical practice. Shunt calcification causes shunt dysfunction in two ways, namely disconnection and obstruction. We present a 16-year-old girl with shunt malfunction due to disconnection secondary to calcification. The shunt tubing fractured during attempted removal and some of the ...
Fewel Matthew E - - 2004
Migration of distal ventriculoperitoneal shunt tubing is known to occur in a wide of variety of locations. The authors report an unusual complication involving a previously confirmed intraperitoneal shunt catheter that migrated into the heart and pulmonary vasculature. Radiographic evidence suggested that this occurred secondary to cannulation of a segment ...
Maher K O - - 2004
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) was once a uniformly fatal disease, accounting the majority of neonatal deaths due to congenital heart defects. Twenty-five years of advances in the surgical and medical management of this disease have resulted in dramatic improvements in survival for these children. The goal for patients with ...
Riding G - - 2004
Fat embolism occurs following fractures of a long bone or arthroplasty. We investigated whether paradoxical embolisation through a venous-to-arterial circulation shunt (v-a) could lead to cerebral embolisation during elective hip or knee arthroplasty. Transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD), following the intravenous injection of microbubble contrast, identified the presence of a shunt ...
Benito A - - 2004
The role of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in the management of complications of portal hypertension such as variceal hemorrhage and ascites is well established. However, TIPS has a limited patency due to dysfunction consisting in occlusion or stenosis of the intrahepatic tract or stenosis of the outflow hepatic vein. ...
Reutershan Jörg - - 2004
In the daily clinical routine at the bedside, information on effective pulmonary blood flow (PBF) is limited and requires invasive monitoring, including a pulmonary artery catheter, to determine both cardiac output and intrapulmonary shunt. Therefore we evaluated a non-invasive method for the measurement of PBF in a clinical setting, including ...
Droste Dirk W - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and transcranial Doppler sonography (TCD) can identify right-to-left-shunts that predispose to paradoxical embolism. In a large cohort we compared the results of both techniques. METHODS: 222 patients were investigated by both techniques using the contrast agent Echovist-300 and performing each test once without and once with ...
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