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Results 301 - 350 of 1198
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Ikeda Akihiko - - 2006
An 8-year-old boy experienced progressive cyanosis after a Fontan type operation. Under the guidance of intraoperative color Doppler we performed a transabdominal ligation of the accessory hepatic veins which drained into a common atrium. Reoperation was needed through a median sternotomy to eliminate residual shunting. Although intraoperative Doppler is useful ...
Kim Jae Min - - 2006
Recently, it was reported that fenestration of the lamina terminalis (LT) may reduce the incidence of shunt-dependent hydrocephalus in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The authors investigated the efficacy of the LT opening on the incidence of shunt-dependent hydrocephalus in the ruptured anterior communicating artery (ACoA) aneurysms. The data of 71-ruptured ...
Pemberton James - - 2007
Platypnoea orthodeoxia syndrome is a rare condition in which shortness of breath and hypoxaemia occur when upright and resolve when prone. The hypoxaemia results from increased right to left shunting of deoxygenated blood, when standing, through a patent foramen ovale (PFO), atrial septal defect (ASD) or other right to left ...
Dygert James H - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Injury to and dysfunction of the endothelium can compromise the patency of coronary arteries and lead to impaired perfusion of the heart. Such injury can occur after the application of an intravascular shunt and/or a snare to a coronary artery during bypass surgery. In this study, multiphoton microscopy was ...
Filik Levent - - 2006
Spontaneous intrahepatic portosystemic venous shunt (SIPSVS) is relatively rare and not well recognized. Herein, we report 75-year-old female of an aneurysmal portosystemic venous shunt detected by colour Doppler ultrasound in check-up examination. A direct vascular communication between left portal vein and middle hepatic vein was confirmed by CT-angiography. The cause ...
Allin David M DM Academic Neurosurgical Unit, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK. - - 2006
Adjustable shunts are very popular in the management of hydrocephalus and are believed to help in minimizing the number of surgical revisions. The drawback with almost all constructions is that they may be accidentally readjusted in relatively weak magnetic fields (around 30-40 mTesla) The ProGav Miethke shunt is composed of ...
Kim Hyun Koo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The placement of a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt in patients suffering from pulmonary coarctation can result in the aggravation of uneven pulmonary blood flow. This may subsequently obviate the possibility of future performance of the Fontan procedure. The objective of this study was to evaluate mid-term results in patients with ...
Falcucci Octavio A - - 2005
Mechanical stabilization of target coronary arteries in the beating heart has facilitated the practice of "off-pump" coronary artery bypass grafting. Exposing the target coronary artery for stabilization involves maneuvers that frequently cause hemodynamic alterations including decreased cardiac output and increased pulmonary artery and/or central venous pressures (CVP). The presence of ...
Borth-Bruhns Thomas - - 2005
We report the rare combination of a severely hypoplastic left ventricle and discordant ventriculoarterial connections, with associated subpulmonary obstruction of the left ventricular outflow tract. The long tortuous arterial duct originated at an acute angle from the aorta, suggesting that the subpulmonary obstruction developed early in fetal life. Residual flow ...
Fukui Shinya - - 2006
A 13-year-old boy developed cardiogenic shock secondary to end-stage dilated cardiomyopathy and extracorporeal life support (ECLS) was initiated. However, pulmonary hemorrhage occurred due to severe pulmonary hypertension. He underwent implantation of a left ventricular assist system (LVAS) and right ventricular assist system (RVAS) plus extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) shunting between ...
Xiaohui Li - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The mechanisms responsible for the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH) and pulmonary vascular structural remodeling induced by high pulmonary blood flow are not fully understood. The present study was designed to explore the possible changes in endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S), a novel gasotransmitter, on the pathogenesis of PH and ...
Wang Ying-Wen - - 2005
Hepatopulmonary syndrome is defined as the clinical triad of advanced liver disease, arterial deoxygenation and intrapulmonary vascular dilatation. Its pathogenesis is not completely understood. Excessive pulmonary nitric oxide production seems to be one of the factors that contribute to the intrapulmonary vascular dilatation. Other mediators such as endothelin-1 and the ...
Tabbutt Sarah - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Recent reports advocate that a right ventricular to pulmonary artery (RV-PA) conduit improves outcome after the stage I reconstruction. METHODS: We retrospectively compared the outcomes of all neonates who underwent a stage I reconstruction between January 1, 2002, and October 1, 2004, with use of the RV-PA conduit and ...
Karamlou Tara - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to characterize morphologic substrate of tricuspid atresia with ventriculoarterial concordance and discriminate management strategies that lead to successful definitive repair. METHODS: From 1999 to 2004, a total of 150 babies with type I tricuspid atresia were enrolled from first diagnosis at 26 institutions. Antegrade pulmonary ...
Budts Werner - - 2005
The original definition of Eisenmenger syndrome refers to an unrestrictive post-tricuspid valve congenital systemic-to-pulmonary shunt. When the pulmonary arterial systolic pressure becomes equal to the systemic arterial systolic pressure, the direction of the shunt becomes pulmonary-to-systemic. The latter leads to progressive cyanosis, and exercise intolerance is initially proportional to the ...
Nakano Shinichi - - 2006
We report two neonatal patients with high-flow intracranial or cervical arteriovenous (AV) shunts who presented with congestive heart failure and were successfully managed with endovascular treatment. One with vein of Galen malformation with body weight of only 2.0 kg is, to our knowledge, the smallest neonate successfully treated with endovascular ...
Mansencal Nicolas - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The quantification of intracardiac shunt (ICS) with echocardiographic pulsed-wave Doppler (PWD) method using pulmonary-to-systemic flow ratio (QP/QS ratio) remains difficult and may induce false quantification of pulmonary output. We sought to validate the recent echocardiographic automated cardiac output measurement (ACM) for the calculation of pulmonary output and the quantification ...
Seong Chang Kyu - - 2005
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the feasibility of the creation of a percutaneous extrahepatic portacaval shunt (PEPS) in swine by a transjugular approach and to find a suitable stent-graft to use in PEPS. In 12 swine, the extrahepatic portal vein (PV) was entered from the inferior vena ...
Tanaka T - - 2005
We successfully implanted a coronary stent via a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt to relieve stenosis of the left pulmonary artery in an infant with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect. The placement of a flexible coronary stent via a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt is a safe and feasible catheter intervention for the ...
Sharma Arun - - 2005
There are cases in the literature describing the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in patients with intracerebral aneurysms. We report the clinical course of a 60-year-old woman with a history of a recently ruptured intracerebral aneurysm and placement of a ventriculoperitoneal shunt that was successfully treated with ECT for major ...
Chen Kuang-Te - - 2005
Replantation of digits following avulsion amputation is a challenge due to the severity of damage to the digital vessels. When the digital vessels are absent or severely injured, standard artery-to-artery or vein-to-vein anastomoses may be impossible and arteriovenous shunting can be used as a salvage procedure for arterial inflow or ...
Ito Hisao - - 2005
We describe the CT features of an unusual collateral pathway of systemic to pulmonary venous shunt in a patient with lung cancer that obstructed the superior vena cava (SVC). Spiral CT scan with rapid injection of contrast medium from a right arm vein revealed a systemic to pulmonary venous shunt ...
Shehu B B - - 2005
A three month old girl with progressive hydrocephalus from birth had a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt, during which the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was found to be xanthochromic. She developed acute ileus four hours post-operatively and continued to deteriorate. The shunt was exteriorised as an external ventricular drain. She did well and ...
Okazaki T - - 2005
We report a rare case of shunt malfunction resulting from breakage of the Codman-Hakim programmable shunt valve system following a blow to the head. Originally, the patient had suffered intraventricular hemorrhage a month after birth; ventriculoperitoneal shunt was performed at 7 months. After that, the shunt valve functioned well for ...
Kouatli Amjad - - 2005
A 14-year-old female with complex congenital heart disease underwent a left-sided classical Blalock Taussig (BT) shunt 15 days after birth. Ten years after the operation her oxygen saturation had decreased significantly. An angiography revealed a severely stenosed BT shunt. Balloon dilation including implantation of a 6 x 13 mm stent ...
van Albada M E - - 2005
Chronic increased pulmonary blood flow is considered a pre-requisite for the induction of advanced vascular lesions in pulmonary arterial hypertension in congenital heart defects. The aim of the present study was to characterise the effects of increased pulmonary flow induced by an aortocaval shunt in the monocrotaline rat model for ...
Tang Y - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Respiratory dead-space is often increased in lung disease. This study evaluates the effects of increased alveolar dead-space (Vd(alv)), pulmonary shunt, and abnormal ventilation perfusion ratio (/) distributions on dead-space and alveolar partial pressure of carbon dioxide (Pa(co(2))) calculated by various methods, assesses a recently published non-invasive method (Koulouris method) ...
Schuchlenz Herwig Walter - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Transesophageal contrast echocardiography (cTEE) is considered to be the method of choice for diagnosing patent foramen ovale (PFO), but its diagnostic accuracy compared with color Doppler guided TEE in the presence of an Eustachian valve (EV) has not been evaluated. The main aim of this study was to assess ...
Caro Colin G - - 2005
Intimal hyperplasia (IH), which causes occlusion of arterial bypass grafts and arteriovenous (A-V) shunts, develops preferentially in low wall shear, or stagnation, regions. Arterial geometry is commonly three-dimensional, generating swirling flows, the characteristics of which include in-plane mixing and inhibition of stagnation. Clinical arterial bypass grafts are commonly two-dimensional, favouring ...
Saunders Paul C - - 2005
Localized pericardial hematomas after cardiac surgery may have atypical clinical presentations due to regional alterations in cardiac function and hemodynamics. We report a case of extravascular thrombus that compressed the main pulmonary artery and produced acute hypoxemia due to right-to-left shunting across a patent foramen ovale. We review the pathophysiology ...
Wells Winfield J - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous reports describing the clinical course of patients undergoing a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS), there is limited information on shunt obstruction. No studies have quantified MBTS stenosis histopathologically and correlated that with demographic and clinical risk factors. METHODS: From June 2001 to June 2003, 155 patients had MBTS ...
Adeolu A A - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic pleural effusion following ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt insertion is very rare. The patient was an 8-year-old girl who had VP shunt for hydrocephalus as a result of aqueductal stenosis. Six weeks after surgery, she presented with headache, vomiting and drowsiness. She developed respiratory distress with pain in the right ...
Takabayashi Shin - - 2005
Since 2002, we have performed bilateral pulmonary artery banding for stage I palliation and maintained systemic flow by prostaglandin E1 infusion or a main pulmonary artery to the descending aorta shunt, and here report our experience. Three of the 4 patients were diagnosed with aortic atresia/mitral atresia and 1 with ...
Daehnert Ingo - - 2005
A 35-year-old man with residual Waterston shunt and concomitant right pulmonary artery stenosis after multiple surgery for tetralogy of Fallot presented with significant left to right shunt and left heart failure. We describe the percutaneous placement of an endovascular stent graft to occlude the Waterston shunt and relieve the right ...
Frazier O H - - 2005
In an ovine feasibility study, we implanted two HeartMate-III centrifugal ventricular assist devices (VADs) for total heart replacement. With cardiopulmonary bypass support, both ventricles were transected at the atrioventricular groove, preserving a rim of ventricular tissue. The atrioventricular valves were excised, and the aorta and pulmonary artery were transected above ...
Bichell David P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Late left pulmonary artery (LPA) stenosis occurs commonly after the Norwood procedure, and complicates subsequent stages. Compression by the neoaorta and ductal stump may favor flow into the right pulmonary artery, resulting in LPA hypoplasia. We hypothesize that an early compromise of LPA flow contributes to late LPA stenosis, ...
Migliavacca Francesco - - 2006
Multiscale computing is a challenging area even in biomechanics. Application of such a methodology to quantitatively compare postoperative hemodynamics in congenital heart diseases is very promising. In the treatment of hypoplastic left heart syndrome, which is a congenital heart disease where the left ventricle is missing or very small, the ...
Januszewska Katarzyna - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The advantageous effect of right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt (RV-PA) on the early postoperative hemodynamics in the Norwood procedure for hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS) is well known. Numerous controversies still exist with respect to the late consequences of this new palliation method in preparation for the second stage procedure. ...
Ko Yoshihiro - - 2005
A case is described in which a two-year-old boy, diagnosed with common atrioventricular canal, pulmonary atresia, major aortopulmonary collateral artery, asplenia, and situs inversus, underwent palliative operations for the following: unifocalization of the right major aortopulmonary collateral artery, right ventricle-to-pulmonary artery shunt, and pulmonary artery plasty. Upon completion of the ...
Chittithavorn Voravit - - 2005
Aneurysms of the extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) are uncommon. These lesions usually present with symptoms of transient ischemic attacks (TIA) from emboli and cranial nerve dysfunction from compression. The primary objective of treatment is to prevent a permanent neurologic deficit arising as a result of atheroembolism. The resection of ...
Ley Sebastian - - 2005
Cystic fibrosis (CF) leads to disabling lung disease and pulmonary hypertension (PH). The goal of this study was to assess the hemodynamics in the systemic and pulmonary arterial circulation of patients with CF using MRI. Ten patients with CF and 15 healthy volunteers were examined (1.5-T MRI). Phase-contrast flow measurements ...
Thornton Raymond H - - 2005
Creation of a mesenterico-left portal vein (PV) shunt with use of autologous internal jugular vein (ie, Rex shunt) is a surgical option for the treatment of symptomatic extrahepatic PV occlusion. Herein a patient is described who underwent angioplasty and stent placement across a shunt stenosis by ultrasound (US)--guided percutaneous transhepatic ...
Guérin P - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Dyspnea and the decrease in arterial saturation in the upright position in elderly subjects is described as platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome (POS). POS is secondary to the occurrence of an atrial right-to-left shunt through a patent foramen ovale (PFO). METHODS: This French multicentric study reports on 78 patients (mean age 67 ...
Cetin Gürkan - - 2005
A systemic-to-pulmonary arterial shunt is still widely used for palliation of some neonates with cyanotic congenital cardiac lesions. This procedure, however, is well known to be associated with some degree of morbidity and mortality. To reduce the incidence of iatrogenic pulmonary arterial deformities, we have devised a new and simple ...
Wallace Michael J - - 2005
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and short-term patency of an experimental transvenous extrahepatic portacaval shunt (TEPS) in an animal model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: With use of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance, the main portal vein (PV) was accessed from the inferior vena cava in six pigs and a TEPS was created ...
Kohli Vikas - - 2005
In some children of Tetralogy of Fallot's (TOF) presenting with progressive cyanosis, are palliative Blalock-Taussing (BT) shunt may be required. There are no reports of this modality of management in India, though this has been practiced in the other countries. The author reports an infant with Tetralogy of Fallot's who ...
Li Jiang-shan - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: To study the therapeutic effect of mini-traumatic ventriculo-atrial shunt on hydrocephalus. METHODS: Seventeen patients were treated with right internal jugular venepuncture intubation to finish minimally invasive ventriculo-atrial shunt for hydrocephalus. The patients were evaluated by CT/MRI. The catheters were deployed at the proper position in the right atrium under ...
Batra Anjan S - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The modified Blalock-Taussig shunt is a common palliative procedure for children with cyanotic congenital heart disease. The distal shunt anastomosis can be done to a branch pulmonary artery or to the main pulmonary artery. The purpose of this study was to determine if the site of shunt connection influences ...
Yurtseven Ta┼čkin - - 2005
A 21-year-old man presented with a sausage shaped mass lesion, located in the right anterolateral region of the neck. He had been operated on for hydrocephalus and thoraco-lumbar myelomeningocele at the age of 10 days and 2 months, respectively. Although he was asymptomatic at the age of 10 years, ventriculoatrial ...
Chen Grace Pei-Wen - - 2005
The platypnea-orthodeoxia syndrome is a rare but important condition caused by a variety of clinical entities. Several mechanisms have been postulated to cause platypnea and orthodeoxia. These mechanisms mainly involve intracardiac shunting, pulmonary vascular shunting, and ventilation-perfusion mismatching. Patent foramen ovale is an important type of intracardiac shunt that can ...
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