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Srinivas Coimbatore V - - 2007
We report a case of profound systemic hypoxemia complicating left ventricular assist device (LVAD) insertion due to right to left shunting through a patent foramen ovale (PFO) in association with a Chiari network. The patient was successfully managed with percutaneous closure of the interatrial defect using an Amplatzer PFO occlusion ...
Rondelet Benoit - - 2007
We previously reported on the partial prevention of experimental shunt-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) by the nonselective endothelin (ET) ET-A/ET-B receptor antagonist bosentan. As the respective roles of the ET-A and ET-B receptor signaling in the pathobiology of the disease remain undefined, we investigated the effects of selective ET-A receptor ...
Geibprasert S - - 2007
Summary: A three-year-old girl with an incidentally discovered infantile type of dural arteriovenous shunts (DAVs) along the superior sagittal sinus during investigation of a minor head trauma is presented. The DAVs drained into a developmental venous anomaly of the right cerebral hemisphere. In addition, there was a small cavernoma within ...
Bhasin R Rick - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Placement of a ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt is the long-standing treatment of choice for hydrocephalus. However, in many patients with repeated distal failures, ventriculoatrial (VA) shunts are placed. Should the VA shunt fail, finding appropriate distal sites is often difficult. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified six patients, over a 3-year ...
Ohye Richard G - - 2007
The initial Norwood procedure remains the highest risk operation for the staged repair of univentricular congenital malformations with associated systemic outflow obstruction. The modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (MBTS) has been implicated as a major cause of not only the operative mortality, but also associated morbidity and interstage attrition. The etiology of ...
Matsumoto S - - 2007
AIM: To describe the imaging features of inferior mesenteric vein (IMV)-inferior vena cava (IVC) shunts, and to describe a treatment strategy for portosystemic encephalopathy, which can be caused by them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2000 and 2004, we treated seven patients who had symptomatic IMV-IVC shunts. The results of imaging ...
Schroeder Henry W S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This article describes our endoscopic techniques developed for the treatment of various obstructions of cerebrospinal fluid pathways. METHODS: Blocked cerebrospinal fluid pathways result in ventricular dilation in front of the obstruction, which may cause acute or chronic symptoms of hydrocephalus. The traditional treatment is insertion of a shunt. Because ...
Weber Frank - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a risk factor for cerebrovascular accidents and provides a potential mechanism for paradoxical systemic embolization of venous gas bubbles produced after altitude decompression. The objective of the study is to describe the prevalence of PFO and of possible subsequent brain lesions in active military ...
Graham Eric M - - 2007
INTRODUCTION: A recent modification to the Norwood procedure involving a shunt placed directly from the right ventricle to the pulmonary arteries may improve postoperative haemodynamics. Concerns remain, however, about the potential problems produced by the required ventriculotomy. METHODS: We compared 76 patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome who underwent the ...
Fateh-Moghadam Suzanne - - 2007
We report on a 66-year-old patient with a history of two cryptogenic strokes and a patent foramen ovale (PFO) who received a transcatheter closure of his PFO in our institution, but shortly after the intervention there was still a relevant right-to-left shunt. The following work-up showed an isolated pulmonary arteriovenous ...
Vargas-Beal Franco - - 2007
A right-to-left shunt in the presence of normal pulmonary artery pressure is an unusual cause of hypoxemia in an adult who has a patent foramen ovale. We report a rare case of such a shunt-the result of a right atrial thrombus that formed in a hypercoagulable patient after placement of ...
Wedgwood Stephen - - 2007
A lamb model of pulmonary hypertension, developed by inserting an aortopulmonary vascular graft (shunt), displays vascular remodeling and increased pulmonary blood flow characteristic of children with congenital heart disease. The purpose of this study was to determine whether expression of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2), a smooth muscle cell mitogen, is ...
Matsui Yoshiro - - 2007
Retrograde cardioplegia often fails to provide adequate perfusion of the right ventricle and the posterior wall of the left ventricle because of the shunt through the thebesian vein. However, much of the retrograde cardioplegic solution may leak into the right atrium after veno-venous anastomoses at the apex of the heart, ...
Ibukuro Kenji - - 2007
A direct shunt between the inferior mesenteric vein and the inferior vena cava was detected in a patient with hepatic encephalopathy. The authors performed balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) for this shunt. Before the obliteration, the shunt was occluded by using a balloon catheter and it was confirmed that the ...
Sakano Yasuhito - - 2007
A 70-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital for treatment of right heart failure 16 years after undergoing Bentall's operation with a Cabrol shunt procedure. Various investigations showed detachment of the coronary artery and graft. We surmised that the heart failure was caused by a massive left to right shunt ...
Cottin Vincent - - 2007
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) or Rendu-Osler-Weber disease is a genetic disorder with autosomal dominance and variable penetrance, characterized by epistaxis, telangiectasia and visceral manifestations of the disease. The estimated minimal prevalence is 1/10,000 inhabitants. The diagnosis is established on clinical criteria, and may be further confirmed by the identification of ...
Humphries William E - - 2007
The authors describe the case of a 36-year-old woman with bilateral internal jugular vein occlusion, hydrocephalus, and Dandy-Walker variant who presented with myelopathy that was ultimately attributed to ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunt failure. Computed tomography (CT) angiography of the head and neck revealed epidural venous engorgement within the cervical spine, greater ...
Sakamoto Kisaburo - - 2007
It is difficult to manage patients with single ventricular physiology and unbalanced pulmonary arteries. Since 1998, we started a novel approach [Intrapulmonary-artery Septation (IPAS)] to improve the result for those with severe unbalanced pulmonary arteries consisting of a well-grown pulmonary artery and an inadequately-grown pulmonary artery. The inadequately-grown pulmonary artery ...
Liu James K - - 2006
The authors report an unusual case of engorged epidural veins causing progressive cervical myelopathy after long-term cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) shunt therapy and intracranial hypotension. An 18-year-old woman, who had previously undergone shunt placement with a distal slit valve for a porencephalic cyst when 2 years of age, presented with progressive ...
LaBarbera Matthew - - 2006
A patent foramen ovale (PFO) can act as a conduit between the venous and arterial circulations, allowing right-to-left shunting and bypass of the pulmonary circulation. Brain abscess may develop as a result of paradoxical embolism of organisms through a PFO. In this small series, we report on the closure of ...
Surfield Gregory A - - 2006
Hydrocephalus is a prevalent problem in the pediatric population, and patients with ventriculo-peritoneal shunts are often encountered. The use of ventricular cholecystic shunts is an option for patients who are unable to have a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt. This is a case report that describes a late complication of a ventricular cholecystic ...
Therapondos George - - 2006
This review will discuss the use of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt in a number of relatively uncommon clinical situations. In particular, we will focus our paper on the use of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt for hepatic hydrothorax, hepatopulmonary syndrome, veno-occlusive disease, portal hypertensive gastropathy and gastric antral vascular ectasia, before ...
Tripathi Dhiraj - - 2006
The introduction of expandable metal stents in the mid 1980s led to the development of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent-shunt (TIPSS) as we know it today. Short-lived detrimental effects on the hyperdynamic circulation in cirrhosis accompany the acute reduction in portal pressure following TIPSS creation. Caution is needed in patients with ...
Atalay B - - 2006
Rapid therapeutic drainage of one lateral ventricle may lead to ipsilateral slit ventricle, and the resultant functional obstruction of cerebrospinal fluid flow through the foramen of Monro may cause dilatation of the contralateral ventricle. Drainage of the lateral ventricle with a low-pressure shunt led to functionally isolated contralateral ventriculomegaly in ...
Gupta A - - 2006
An umbilical CSF fistula following a ventriculoperitoneal shunt is an extremely rare complication. We report a 28-year-old man who presented with leak of clear fluid from the umbilicus, one month after a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt revision. Shuntogram revealed communication between umbilicus and abdominal end of the catheter. He was managed successfully ...
Chowdhury Ujjwal K - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We describe alternative surgical techniques for construction of systemic-to-pulmonary arterial shunts, and propose criterions for their application in selected patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We constructed a variety of modified systemic-to-pulmonary arterial shunts, using polytetrafluoroethylene grafts, in 92 selected patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease and anomalies of the aortic ...
Nakai Motoki - - 2006
A patient presented with hematemesis due to gastric variceal bleeding with an intratumoral arterioportal shunt. Contrast-enhanced CT revealed gastric varices and hepatocellular carcinoma with tumor thrombi in the right portal vein. Angiography and angio-CT revealed a marked intratumoral arterioportal shunt accompanied with reflux into the main portal vein and gastric ...
Chaiyaroj Suchart - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The outcome of the off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is highly dependent on surgical techniques. To overcome problems of intraoperative hemodynamic instability and avoid potential injury to coronary artery arising from occlusive technique, the authors have modified the strategy of performing distal anastomosis by using the authors' homemade ...
Muzumdar Dattatraya - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Significant constipation in patients with shunt-dependent hydrocephalus may often be enough to bring a subclinical shunt malfunction to clinical attention or even to be the cause of temporary distal peritoneal shunt malfunction. The treatment of the constipation may address the symptomatic shunt dysfunction so as to avoid operative intervention. ...
Nadkarni Trimurti D - - 2007
A 10-month-old male child with severe congenital hydrocephalus due to aqueduct stenosis presented with cranial migration of the entire ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt. The complete shunt assembly, including the shunt chamber, was noted in the dilated ventricles. The migrated shunt was left in situ. A VP shunt was performed on the ...
Eitenmüller Inka - - 2006
Natural adaptation to femoral artery occlusion in animals by collateral artery growth restores only approximately 35% of adenosine-recruitable maximal conductance (C(max)) probably because initially elevated fluid shear stress (FSS) quickly normalizes. We tested the hypothesis whether this deficit can be mended by artificially increasing FSS or whether anatomical restraints prevent ...
Jurmann Michael J - - 2006
A 62-year-old man with liver cirrhosis and esophageal varices had received a peritoneovenous shunt (Denver shunt) in 1997. He was then re-admitted in 2005 with the clinical signs of recurrent ascites formation. The presence of a large intracardiac mass at the tip of the Denver shunt was demonstrated and the ...
Darchis Julie S - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: To report a specific pathophysiology of hemidiaphragmatic paralysis that may result in severe hypoxemia. DESIGN: Case series. SETTING: Intensive care unit in a cardiology hospital. PATIENTS: The series included three patients with refractory hypoxemia in whom a diagnosis of right-to-left-shunt through a patent foramen ovale was made by contrast ...
Kono Y - - 2006
Although cholesterol crystal embolism can present with diffuse visceral involvement, lung lesions do not occur unless there is left to right circulatory shunting. Pulmonary atheroembolism was confirmed by histology in an elderly male with recent end-stage renal failure (ESRF) due to atheroembolic renal disease, who presented with massive hemoptysis and ...
Maree A - - 2006
A 21 year-old female with complex congenital heart disease presented with declining exercise tolerance, presyncope and increasing cyanosis despite regular venesection. Her double inlet left ventricle with rudimentary right ventricle, restrictive ventricular septal defect and pulmonary stenosis had been managed with a Classic Left Blalock-Taussig (B-T) Shunt aged 2 months ...
Ahmar Walid - - 2006
Pulmonary hypertension secondary to residual Potts shunt is not an uncommon phenomenon. A 59-year-old male with a history of tetralogy of Fallot was noted, on a full heart study, to have persistent pulmonary hypertension, normal left ventricular function, severe aortic regurgitation, and a residual Potts shunt. A previous surgical attempt ...
Hsu Jui-Yu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: The presence of major aortopulmonary collateral arteries (MAPCA) in patients with right isomerism may alter the prognosis, which is still unclear. METHODS: From 1994 to 2003, 138 out of 155 patients (89%) with right isomerism had pulmonary stenosis or pulmonary atresia and constituted the study population. RESULTS: Two groups ...
Marini C - - 2006
After lung surgery, some patients complain of unexplained increased dyspnoea associated with hypoxaemia. This clinical presentation may be due to an interatrial right-to-left shunt despite normal right heart pressure. Some of these patients show postural dependency of hypoxaemia, whereas others do not. In this article, the pathogenesis and mechanisms involved ...
Joyce Joseph A - - 2006
Eisenmenger syndrome is an insidious disease entity. This disease is characterized by an unrepaired congenital heart defect and left-to-right cardiac shunting. After many years of increased blood flow through the pulmonary system as a result of the shunting, damage to the pulmonary vessels occurs, culminating in severe pulmonary hypertension. The ...
Grobe Albert C - - 2006
Although oxidative stress is known to contribute to endothelial dysfunction-associated systemic vascular disorders, its role in pulmonary vascular disorders is less clear. Our previous studies, using isolated pulmonary arteries taken from lambs with surgically created heart defect and increased pulmonary blood flow (Shunt), have suggested a role for reactive oxygen ...
Cohen Remy - - 2006
Diagnosis of patent foramen ovale (PFO) is commonly made by echocardiography with contrast injection. PFO can be responsible for a transient right-to-left shunting with paroxysmal dyspnoea but punctual measurements of oxygen saturation may fail to detect arterial desaturations. Thus, claiming the imputability of PFO in dyspnoeic symptoms remains difficult. We ...
van der Torn M - - 2006
BACKGROUND: A pneumatic artificial sound source incorporated in a regular tracheoesophageal shunt valve may improve alaryngeal voice quality. METHODS: In 20 laryngectomees categorized for sex and pharyngoesophageal segment tonicity, a prototype sound-producing voice prosthesis (SPVP) is evaluated for a brief period and compared with their regular tracheoesophageal shunt speech. RESULTS: ...
Kaneko Yukihiro - - 2006
Using an expanded polytetrafluoroethylene conduit, a subclavian artery-to-pulmonary artery shunt was created in an infant with tetralogy of Fallot. The postoperative course was complicated by sepsis, shunt occlusion, and pneumonia. Four years later, an obstructive mass was found in the right main bronchus on fluoroscopy and was retrieved on rigid ...
Hussain Riffat - - 2006
Extra pulmonary accumulation of Tc-99m-macroaggregate of albumin (MAA) is rarely seen on perfusion lung scan, and has been reported in less than 4% of a study population of nearly 380 patients. It occurs when the agent bypasses the lungs due to a right to left (R-L) cardiac or pulmonary shunt, ...
Yeh Yu-Ling - - 2006
Intracardiac right to left shunt through a patent foramen ovale (PFO) may result in the development of hypoxemia after cardiac surgery. Cardiac tamponade and mechanical ventilation with high positive endexpiratory pressure are the most common factors responsible for enhancing intracardiac right to left shunt through a PFO. We report an ...
Barros D'Sa A A B - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: Complex lower limb vascular injuries (CLVIs) in high-energy penetrating or blunt trauma are associated with an unacceptably high incidence of complications including amputation. Traumatic ischaemia and ischaemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) of skeletal muscle often lead to limb loss, the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) which affects remote organs and even ...
Thenganatt John - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is an association between migraines and intrapulmonary right-to-left shunt. BACKGROUND: Several studies have described an association between migraines and intracardiac right-to-left shunt. METHODS: Patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) were retrospectively recruited from the Toronto Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia Center Clinical Database. All patients had been ...
Wu Chia-Chan - - 2006
Closure of atrial septal defect (ASD) is critically dependent on the shunt flow direction. However, shunt flow direction through ASD may change under variable clinical conditions. We present here a 53-year-old woman with a confirmed left-to-right shunt ASD prior to Amplatzer Septal Occluder placement. The development of atrial flutter during ...
Wilmshurst Peter - - 2006
From observation of recent data linking migraine with right-to-left shunts and by analogy with the etiologies of decompression illness, we postulate that cardiac and pulmonary pathology can have an important effect on the cranial final common pathway that generates attacks of migraine. One possible mechanism is associated with a significant ...
Kats Suzanne - - 2006
The ventriculo-pulmonary shunt in hypoplastic left heart syndrome has become an alternative to the arterio-pulmonary shunt. We present a patient with a severe stenosis in the ventriculo-pulmonary shunt at the proximal anastomosis, for which emergency balloon dilatation and stent implantation was performed. The location of the stent in the shunt, ...
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