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Tanaka T - - 1987
The authors followed up on a series of 24 eyes in 12 patients with Takayasu disease in its moderate to advanced stage over the past 10 years. They paid particular attention to arteriovenous shunt formation in the retina. The authors could identify two types of arteriovenous shunts based on rapid ...
Ullom R L - - 1987
In recent years, the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt--a polytetrafluoroethylene graft from the subclavian artery to the pulmonary artery--has been preferred over the standard shunt by some surgeons because (1) it requires less dissection and (2) length of native vessels is not critical. From January, 1979, to June, 1985, we operated on ...
Mori H - - 1987
Portosystemic venous shunt within the hepatic parenchyma is rare, and its cause is disputed. Only 12 cases have been reported in the literature. Four new patients are presented here, all of whom had cerebral manifestations due to elevated blood-ammonia levels. One patient, initially misdiagnosed as having a psychiatric disorder, had ...
Rosenberg H G - - 1987
Failure to achieve adequate pulmonary artery growth in patients with cyanotic congenital heart disease is a major obstacle to surgical correction. To assess whether differences in structural composition of central pulmonary arteries influence their growth potential after surgically created shunts, we obtained full-thickness biopsy specimens from the hilar pulmonary arteries ...
Lodge J P - - 1987
Persistent right lower lobe consolidation in a 5-year-old girl is described. In infancy she had been diagnosed to have tricuspid atresia and pulmonary stenosis, and she had undergone a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt using a polytetrafluoroethylene tube graft at the age of 1 year. The shunt had parasitized and then occluded ...
Niggemann E H - - 1987
Intracardiac left-to-right shunting may be detected and quantitated by an oximetric analysis of blood from the right-sided cardiac chambers and prominent early recirculation of indocyanine green after it is injected into the central venous circulation and sampled from a systemic artery. Although the variability of oximetric measurements has been established ...
Tenholder M F - - 1987
Orthodeoxia--arterial desaturation accentuated by the upright position and improved by recumbency--has been described earlier with true pulmonary vascular shunts and intracardiac shunts. This phenomenon has been described in some parenchymal lung diseases, but has not been reported with interstitial fibrosis. We describe 2 patients with predominantly basal interstitial fibrosis, disabling ...
Moritz M J - - 1987
Occlusion of the Denver peritoneovenous shunt can occur when fibrinous debris block the inflow tubing or valve chamber. In this situation, revision is simplified by replacing only the valve chamber and inflow tubing, without requiring exposure of the central vein or the peritoneum. The outflow tubings are then joined over ...
Radmilović A - - 1987
Previous studies demonstrated a high incidence of local thrombosis in patients in whom external arteriovenous shunts were used for vascular access. This procedure provides, therefore, a useful model for the evaluation of potential antithrombotic agents. The effect of the hemorheologically and hemostasiologically active drug Pentoxifylline on the incidence of thrombosis ...
Chen C - - 1987
The ability of two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) to quantitate the atrial septal defect size and left-to-right shunt magnitude was examined in 75 adult patients with simple ostium secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) with left-to-right shunts of 19-92% of systemic flow as determined by oximetry. The ASD was visualized in 71 of ...
Momma K - - 1987
The central pulmonary artery was studied angiographically 1-10 years after a palliative operation in 56 patients (mean age 6 years, range 1-20) with congenital heart disease and pulmonary atresia. All of them had originally had a central pulmonary artery that was common to both the right and left pulmonary arteries. ...
Kanter K R - - 1987
Our current approach to the management of neonates with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum is to perform a transarterial pulmonary valvotomy through a left anterolateral thoracotomy followed by a polytetrafluoroethylene shunt between the left subclavian artery and the pulmonary trunk at the site of the pulmonary arteriotomy. From October, ...
Barragry T P - - 1987
Methods of palliating critical pulmonary oligemia in neonates with complex cyanotic congenital heart disease continue to evolve. Pulmonary artery distortion and other complications of the use of native vessels to increase pulmonary blood flow has led to the more frequent use of polytetrafluoroethylene shunts either in a central position or ...
Casta A - - 1987
A 6-month-old infant developed pulmonary atresia following placement of a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt for tetralogy of Fallot with absent left pulmonary artery. This condition was diagnosed by failure of opacification of the pulmonary trunk and the right pulmonary artery following an injection of contrast in the right ventricle. At surgery ...
Husseini Z M - - 1987
The rare association of DAA with TOF is reported in a young boy who underwent successfully at the age of 3 months an emergency shunt between the anterior (left) hypoplastic aortic arch and the LPA after the vascular ring was divided. Total correction of the cardiovascular malformation was performed at ...
Verbeke L - - 1987
The ventriculo-subgaleal shunt is a useful technique for obtaining a temporary decompression of the ventricles in patients with obstructive hydrocephalus. A direct surgical approach to remove the obstruction can restore the CSF circulation. When the shunt tube is left behind after restoration of the CSF dynamics, an extensive CSF oedema ...
Gosse P - - 1987
We report the case of a right atrial-ventricular chamber thrombus discovered four years after insertion of a Le Veen shunt for treatment of refractory ascites. A two-dimensional echocardiogram, performed after the discovery of an isolated systolic murmur, demonstrated a "tumorlike" mass seated in both the right atrium and the right ...
Redmond P L - - 1987
When inferior vena caval obstruction complicates the Budd-Chiari syndrome, conventional portosystemic shunts are not possible. The mesoatrial shunt has been devised to enable portal and sinusoidal decompression in these patients. Findings in 12 patients with Budd-Chiari syndrome and inferior vena caval obstruction in whom a mesoatrial shunt was performed are ...
DeLeon S Y - - 1987
Eight infants with complex cardiac anomalies and pulmonary stenosis or atresia were noted to have obstructed total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (TAPVD) either at the initial cardiac catheterization (Group 1; n = 2) or after creation of systemic-pulmonary artery shunts (Group 2; n = 6). The 2 patients in Group ...
Dietrich U - - 1987
A child with hydrocephalus and macrocrania was treated by a shunt procedure. After placement of a bilateral ventriculo-atrial shunt subdural hematomas developed on both sides. Burr hole drainage and insertion of a pressure-adjustable valve were used to obliterate the subdural hematomas and to influence the outflow resistance of the shunt.
Korber K E - - 1987
A method is described that allows high-frequency venous and arterial blood sampling in the laboratory rat. After distal ligation and division of the external jugular vein and carotid artery, sections of Teflon intravenous catheters are inserted and secured with circumferential ligatures. Between these Teflon segments, a vascular circuit is maintained ...
Wu X - - 1987
Accurate quantitation of three-dimensional pulmonary arterial geometry is difficult in vivo by the usual clinical imaging techniques. We have used a fast, multislice, computed tomography (CT) scanner, the dynamic spatial reconstructor (DSR), to obtain such measurements. After one injection of contrast medium into the right atrium, all major pulmonary arteries ...
Jöji P - - 1987
In nine children with congenital heart defects, left-to-right shunting was assessed during open-heart surgery by injecting cold 5% glucose solution through a left atrial line and detecting temperature change with a pulmonary arterial thermistor. The shunt was quantified by recording the temperature after injecting the same amount of cold glucose ...
Abdel-Dayem H M - - 1986
Right-to-left extra cardiac shunts are usually congenital and are rarely due to trauma or complicating thoracic or vascular surgery. A case of a right-to-left cardiac shunt due to an arteriovenous fistula between the left pulmonary artery and the left pulmonary vein is reported. This may be the first report of ...
Brandt B B - - 1986
The Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt remains the standard systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunt. We reviewed our experience with the classic BT shunt in terms of mortality, patency, duration of palliation, and growth of the pulmonary artery. Records were reviewed in 49 consecutive patients, 25 of whom were less than one month old at ...
LaManna M M - - 1986
An interesting case of ilioportal shunting in a patient with seminoma and infrarenal thrombosis of the inferior vena cava, iliac and femoral veins is presented. This case demonstrates the utility of the nuclear venogram/lung scan for revealing venous collaterals in an ilioportal shunt, and illustrates shunting of femoral venous drainage ...
Liu Y H - - 1986
In patients with pulmonary valve atresia, the arterial supply to the lungs is derived entirely from the aorta or its major branches. The anatomic detail of this arterial supply is usually identified by obtaining multiple selective arteriograms involving numerous injections of contrast material and x-ray exposures. In this study, we ...
Smadja C - - 1986
Twenty-five patients with cirrhosis with a peritoneojugular (LeVeen) shunt had recurrence of ascites because of obstruction of the venous catheter. They were investigated by direct shuntography and angiography of the superior vena cava (SVC). Shuntograms were suggestive of venous obstruction in all patients and showed either complete blockage at the ...
Loftus C M - - 1986
Technical factors and surgical techniques in carotid endarterectomy remain a controversial subject. The use of an indwelling arterial shunt has theoretical advantages in assuring intraoperative hemispheric perfusion and affording a more relaxed surgical environment. There has been little clinical demonstration, however, of superior results with carotid shunting. Although champions of ...
Dobell A R - - 1986
A concept of management of pulmonary atresia in infancy has been presented. The basic theme employed is that pulmonary valvotomy or an outflow patch should be applied to most infants so that a biventricular heart is achieved in as many children as possible. Clearly, a functioning right ventricle cannot result ...
O'Donohue W J WJ - - 1986
A 62-year-old woman with multiple neurofibromas of the lung was found to have severe hypoxemia due to right-to-left shunting within the tumors. Pulmonary angiograms demonstrated that the major area of shunting was in a large tumor mass in the right lower lobe. Pathologically the neurofibromas were vascular with hyperplastic small ...
Scavelli T D - - 1986
Congenital portosystemic venous shunt causing signs of hepatic encephalopathy was diagnosed in 7 cats. The left gastric vein served as the shunt in four of these. Increases in blood ammonia and postprandial serum bile acids were the most consistent serum biochemical abnormalities. Excessive variation in red blood cell shape was ...
Manning F A - - 1986
In the period 1982 to 1985, 73 placements of catheter shunts for fetal obstructive uropathy and 44 drainage procedures for obstructive hydrocephalus were reported to a voluntary international registry. The attempts to decompress the obstructed fetal urinary tracts resulted in the survival of 30 fetuses (41 percent), with a procedure-related ...
Malvin G M - - 1986
The presence of adrenergic innervation was investigated in four different vascular segments of the neotenic tiger salamander, Ambystoma tigrinum, by histofluorescent staining for catecholamines. The segments were the respiratory section of the gill, the branchial shunt vessels, a vascular plexus in the pulmonary artery, and the dorsal aorta. No adrenergic ...
Doyle D J - - 1986
A critical analysis of the arterial/alveolar oxygen tension ratio (a/APO2) is presented by rearranging the terms of the pulmonary shunt equation. The influence of the shunt and inspired oxygen concentration on a/APO2 are illustrated. It is shown that, despite reports to the contrary, a/APO2 varies with F1O2, particularly at high ...
Aoshima M - - 1986
The Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt was performed in two infants with simple transposition of the great arteries (TGA) after poor response to septostomy not only to improve hypoxia but also in expectation of preparing the left ventricle for later anatomic correction. One patient had adequate muscle mass and pressure of the ...
Richardson J B JB - - 1986
The use of a temporary arteriovenous shunt distal to the repair of a traumatic venous injury of the lower extremity in eight patients is reported. Three patients sustained injury to the superficial femoral vein, three had common femoral vein injuries, one had a through-and-through injury of common iliac vein, and ...
Park M K - - 1986
A successful two-stage surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot with absent pulmonary valve is reported. A newborn with hyperinflated lungs and tachypnea underwent pulmonary artery banding and an aortopulmonary artery shunt, which reversed the air trapping. A successful corrective operation was performed at 28 months of age, and the patient ...
Sethia B - - 1986
False aneurysm formation is a rare complication of the modified Blalock-Taussig shunt. A patient is described in whom this complication arose 11 months after operation. Death resulted from rupture of the aneurysm into the right lung with associated massive hemoptysis. The onset of hemoptysis in patients with a functioning modified ...
Pitcher D - - 1986
A 70-year-old woman presented with disabling breathlessness. She was found to have severe arterial hypoxaemia due to isolated right-to-left shunting through a patent foramen ovale. In the absence of pulmonary hypertension or evidence of right ventricular dysfunction this is attributed to reduced right atrial compliance. The phasic nature of the ...
Okubo S - - 1986
Left-to-right (L-R) shunting across a ventricular septal defect (VSD) often involves a direct VSD-pulmonary arterial component (jet) that surges from the VSD immediately into the pulmonary artery. We used the thermodilution technique in dogs with acute experimental VSD to quantify this component. In dogs with supracristal VSD (n = 7), ...
Garner W L - - 1986
The hypersplenism associated with portal hypertension usually resolves with a successful shunting procedure. Recurrent hypersplenism has been associated with shunt thrombosis. We describe a patient with pancytopenia, jaundice, and diffuse edema after a distal splenorenal shunt. His shunt was angiographically proved patent. Extensive evaluation revealed severe alcoholic cardiomyopathy with passive ...
Van Acker K J - - 1986
The etiology and pathogenesis of oligomeganephronic renal hypoplasia (OMN) are not known. In the present paper a second case of monozygotic twins non-concordant for OMN is described. It is hypothesized that one of the mechanisms which have been proposed to explain structural defects in monozygotic twins, namely placental artery-vein shunting, ...
Siboni A H - - 1986
At the autopsy of a man, aged 21 years, who had suffered from spastic tetraplegia for 10 years, the distal 25 cm of the Pudenz low-pressure ventriculoatrial shunt was found in the pulmonary artery, partly adherent to and partly covered with intima. The site of the detachment was the connection ...
Wright J - - 1986
During the past 15 years, 143 systemic pulmonary shunt procedures have been performed in 117 patients. These have been evaluated for their clinical effectiveness, the need for a repeat operation and the mortality; particular attention was paid to the Teflon shunt. Variations were found in shunt performance, depending on the ...
van Niekerk J L - - 1986
From 1970 to 1985, 49 patients were operated for traumatic aortic rupture (TAR) in 2 university hospitals. Protection of distal ischemia was performed 31 times with a left heart bypass (LHB), 5 times with a heparin coated shunt and, 13 times using simple aortic cross-clamping combined with pharmacological vasodilatation. Total ...
Opie J C - - 1986
Survival and event-free rates of 47 polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) (Gore-Tex) shunts for severe cyanotic congenital heart defects were studied in 42 children from April, 1981, to March, 1983. Retrospective actuarial analysis was conducted over the 27 months of the study in 3-month intervals of the follow-up. The estimated actuarial patient survival ...
Simonsen R - - 1986
A cirrhotic woman with a LeVeen shunt developed right atrial thrombi, acute bacterial endocarditis, and a major pulmonary embolus. The right atrial mural thrombi and resultant pulmonary emboli arose as a result of the placement of the venous end of the LeVeen shunt within the right atrium. This untoward event ...
Joshi S V - - 1986
Neonates with pulmonary atresia with intact ventricular septum are ductus dependent from birth. The initial approach in these patients is to ensure continued adequate pulmonary blood flow in anticipation of imminent spontaneous closure of the ductus. Our experience and evolving approach in the management of 16 consecutive neonates with pulmonary ...
Saladino A - - 1986
A technique for temporary ventricular drainage using a subcutaneous pouch is described for use in neonatal hydrocephalus after intraventricular hemorrhage. The advantages include continuous, valve-regulated ventricular decompression, no exposed tubing, avoidance of electrolyte imbalance and of the loss of CSF, obviation of the need for repeated tapping, and the ability ...
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