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Results 701 - 750 of 1196
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Rees J H - - 1994
Ventilation-perfusion lung scans are routinely performed using Tc-99m labeled MAA particles administered intravenously which are subsequently trapped in the pulmonary artery capillary bed. In the presence of a right-to-left shunt, activity may be seen in the systemic circulation. Right-to-left shunts may be worsened by inducing hypoxemia which causes pulmonary artery ...
Salzer-Muhar U - - 1994
The systolic and diastolic Doppler tracings in the right and left pulmonary artery were analyzed in 10 patients with complex cyanotic congenital heart disease, aged 6 months to 12 years (median 3 years), after employment of a bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt. The postoperative interval ranged from 2 weeks to 1.7 years ...
Vorwerk D - - 1994
PURPOSE: A hydrodynamic thrombectomy system was used for the treatment of recent dialysis shunt thrombosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixteen shunt thromboses in 14 patients were included in the study. There were seven polytetrafluoroethylene grafts and nine native arteriovenous fistulas. Occlusion time ranged from 6 to 48 hours, and thrombus length ...
Yurdakul Y - - 1994
We present a case of tetralogy of Fallot who had previously undergone a graded Brock-type operation. The post-operative development of pulmonary arteries and pulmonary trunk after the Brock operation were very suitable for total correction, which was then performed successfully. In contrast to shunt, in Brock-type operations enlargement of the ...
Haskal Z J - - 1994
A 59-year-old woman underwent chest tube placement, repeated pleurodesis, and pleuroperitoneal shunt implantation for unsuccessful treatment of a large refractory hepatic hydrothorax. Two days after placement of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt for treatment of variceal hemorrhage, her pleural effusion resolved. At 10 months' follow-up, only minimal fluid remains.
Parízek J - - 1994
A case of a catheterobronchial fistula as a rare late complication of a ventriculoatrial shunt is reported. The ventriculoatrial shunt was implanted in a 4-month-old boy suffering from extreme postinfectious hydrocephalus. During the following years, twelfth nerve palsy on the right, vertebralgias, and salty taste sensations in the mouth associated ...
Klötzsch C - - 1994
Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is increasingly recognized in association with cryptogenic stroke. Using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and transcranial Doppler sonography with ultrasonic contrast medium (contrast-TCD), we evaluated the frequency of a PFO as the fundamental condition of paradoxical embolism in 111 patients after cerebral ischemia. There was a right-left shunt ...
Strider D - - 1994
Atelectasis is a major factor in postoperative morbidity for patients undergoing cardiopulmonary surgery. We evaluated the effectiveness of stacked inspiratory spirometry (STIS) in 17 patients status postcoronary artery bypass graft in a nonrandomized fashion. We measured pulmonary shunt as an endpoint, and compared the magnitudes before and after the STIS ...
Raia S - - 1994
The long-term follow-up of patients with the severe form of Manson's schistosomiasis who had had elective surgical treatment for portal hypertension, in a randomized trial, was clinically evaluated. Of 94 patients, proximal splenorenal shunting was performed in 32, esophagogastric devascularization with splenectomy in 32 and distal splenorenal shunting in 30. ...
Heim R C - - 1994
The entire length of distal tubing from a ventriculoperitoneal shunt was found to have migrated into the subgaleal space, and resulted in a shunt obstruction. Upward migration of distal shunt catheters has rarely been reported, but probably involves patient motion that creates a "windlass" effect. Cephaled migration requires a potential ...
Ganjoo P - - 1994
A patient with an intracranial fourth ventricular cyst developed right heart endocarditis from an infected ventriculoatrial shunt inserted previously. Investigation revealed pneumonic involvement of the right lung, moderate tricuspid regurgitation, mild pulmonary artery hypertension, and a large right atrial vegetation. The shunt was removed and treatment of endocarditis started, before ...
Saba Z - - 1994
A mathematical derivation is presented of an equation that allows quantitation, in the cardiac catheterization laboratory, of the effective output of the right ventricle (QRV) in patients with pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum (PA/IVS) after palliation with a right ventricular outflow patch and an aorticopulmonary shunt. This derivation is ...
Boix J H - - 1994
The effects of hypo-, normo- and hypercapnia on the variations in arterial oxygenation and their indices in critical patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) receiving mechanical ventilation are studied. It is a prospective and randomized study carried out in multidisciplinary ICU. Fifteen ARF patients, intubated and mechanically ventilated, were studied ...
Sugita T - - 1994
Several authors have reported cases of respiratory distress resulting from bronchial compression due to a hypertensive pulmonary artery in the setting of a large left-to-right shunt. However, respiratory distress due to bilateral main bronchial compression due to an enlarged pulmonary artery suspended posteriorly by the ductal ligament following repair of ...
Haskal Z J - - 1994
We describe a simple technique for recatheterization of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) with severe hepatic vein ostial stenoses that are inaccessible to standard transvenous approaches. A small gauge needle is used to transhepatically introduce a guidewire into the shunt; the wire is passed through the hepatic vein stenosis, snared, ...
Mendelsohn A M - - 1994
The changes in pulmonary artery size and hemodynamics in 30 patients with univentricular cardiac anatomy were examined before and after bidirectional Glenn procedures done between October 1989 and February 1992. Serial angiographic and hemodynamic examinations before and 17.6 +/- 1.6 months after bidirectional Glenn procedures were compared. At the follow-up ...
Morell R C - - 1994
Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunts have been reported to migrate into a number of unusual locations within the abdomen, chest, and pelvis. We report a case in which a documented, correctly placed VP shunt subsequently migrated to an intravascular location. This intravascular migration led to malposition of the shunt tubing within the ...
Imanishi Y - - 1994
Although various types of portosystemic shunts with portal hypertension have been widely reported, a collateral circulation near the pancreas head is rare. The authors report a case of a rare portosystemic shunt surrounding the pancreatic head, which was diagnosed by dynamic liver scintigraphy using Ikoma's scintigraphic criteria for the presence ...
Hausegger K A - - 1994
PURPOSE: To evaluate transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placements and secondary interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty shunt venograms were obtained in 21 patients with TIPS placement at 6-month intervals or if Doppler ultrasound showed an abnormality. RESULTS: Abnormalities in the shunt were shown in 24 venograms (80%). Eight occlusions (two ...
Wilmshurst P - - 1994
1. Blind analysis of contrast echocardiograms to detect intracardiac shunts, blind analysis of lung function tests for evidence of small airways disease, smoking history and dive characteristics were examined in an attempt to explain neurological symptoms that occurred within 5 min of surfacing from unprovocative dives. 2. Pulmonary abnormalities were ...
Meeker D P - - 1994
BACKGROUND: Pseudotumor cerebri or benign intracranial hypertension is a collection of disorders characterized by papilledema and increased intracranial pressure without associated neurologic abnormalities and wherein the cerebrospinal fluid composition is normal. Therapy may consist of diuretics, acetazolamide, and, in more severe cases, ventricular shunts. SUMMARY: A patient with pseudotumor cerebri ...
Walker A J - - 1994
After vascular injury, intraluminal arterial shunting may be employed if definitive surgery must be delayed. This paper describes use of a heparin-bonded polyurethane shunt to restore distal circulation after ligation of the femoral artery in sheep. In studies to determine tissue viability for 12 h after insertion into the femoral ...
Sugano S - - 1994
OBJECTIVES: To investigate intrahepatic arteriovenous shunt rate due to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), complicated by cirrhosis, and its change after transcatheter arterial embolization. METHODS: The shunt rate was measured by hepatic artery infusion of labeled macroaggregated albumin. Counts were taken over the liver and both lungs for calculation of ...
Kessler R M - - 1994
In spite of a trend toward earlier complete repair, some neonates and infants with complex cyanotic heart disease continue to require interim palliation with systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunts. A variety of shunt procedures have been proposed, each with inherent advantages and disadvantages. We have found a prosthetic interposition shunt between the ...
Lin H - - 1994
An arteriovenous (AV) shunt as a method of restoring venous drainage during replantation was examined by use of the rabbit ear model. The results were compared to ears replanted using one vein (1:1) or two veins (2:1) for venous drainage. The success rate for AV shunt replantations was found similar ...
Yamamoto M - - 1994
A new small, flexible fiberoptic ventriculoscope for the accurate positioning of a ventricular catheter tip has been developed. The technique for ventriculoscope-guided ventriculoperitoneal shunt and shunt revision is described. The ventricular catheter can easily be positioned away from the choroid plexus. Choroid plexus adhering to the shunt tube can be ...
Voiculescu M - - 1994
The prevention and therapy of upper digestive hemorrhage due to rupture of esophageal varices in patients with liver cirrhosis are not yet effective enough. For their improvement, a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is achieved by a new method which, without requiring general anesthesia, creates a shunt between a portal ...
Ladouceur D - - 1994
Right atrial thrombi are rare but serious complications of ventriculoatrial (VA) shunts. Two hydrocephalic patients who received a VA shunt developed thromboembolic complications. The initial manifestation was malfunction of the distal end of the shunt and right heart failure. Bidimensional echocardiography demonstrated an intracardiac mass on the distal intra-auricular end ...
Reyes-Iglesias Y - - 1994
A patient with an acute ischemic stroke had an interatrial septal aneurysm shown by transesophageal echocardiography. Interatrial shunting, compatible with a patent foramen ovale, was observed on a follow-up study after a second stroke. This was seen in association with a right atrial thrombus. This case illustrates that an interatrial ...
Tarazov P G - - 1994
A 55-year-old man with hepatic cirrhosis, gastroesophageal varices, ascites, slight abdominal pain, and transient encephalopathy experienced unexpected spontaneous relief of his symptoms during hospitalization. Percutaneous transhepatic portography showed an aneurysmal intrahepatic portosystemic venous shunt. Three years later, the shunt was still patent and had led to disappearance of the patient's ...
Heinemann M K - - 1994
Children with visceral heterotaxy often present with total anomalous pulmonary venous drainage (TAPVD) associated with univentricular congenital heart disease. We reviewed our experience with the primary surgical management of this lesion under these circumstances. Over a recent 10-year span, 38 patients within the first 3 days of life were admitted ...
Taki W - - 1994
Carotid-cavernous sinus fistula (CCF) is a syndrome in which arteriovenous shunts exist between the carotid artery and the cavernous sinus. These shunts vary widely in pathogenesis, angiogram, haemodynamics and treatment. Several systems of classification in terms of either haemodynamics, aetiology and/or pathogenesis have been reported, but they are not comprehensive. ...
Freeman J E - - 1993
A 20-month-old girl with pulmonary atresia, intact ventricular septum, and ventriculocoronary connections underwent successful interposition of a right ventricle-to-aorta conduit and Fontan operation. The patient initially had a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt at birth and subsequently a bidirectional Glenn shunt at 8 months of age. After Fontan and right ventricle-to-aorta conduit ...
Van Fraeyenhoven L - - 1993
Two cases showing systemic to pulmonary artery shunting, during the venous phase of bronchial arteriography are presented. In the first patient with chronic bronchiectasis, the shunting is believed to be due to newly formed vessels in the granulomatous tissue. At pulmonary angiography, the increased pressure in the pulmonary arteries simulated ...
Sreeram N - - 1993
A four year old boy with pulmonary atresia and ventricular septal defect had an acute cyanotic episode three years after undergoing a right-sided, 6 mm diameter, modified Blalock-Taussig shunt. On admission no continuous murmur could be heard from the shunt and the typical high velocity, continuous flow profile of the ...
Rafla S M - - 1993
Two patients with schistosomal cor pulmonale and central cyanosis were studied by contrast-enhanced echocardiography, using indocyanine green injection. Intrapulmonary shunts were detected by this method. To our knowledge, this is the first report that proves the presence of intrapulmonary shunts in schistosomal cor pulmonale detected by contrast-enhanced echocardiography.
Sarsam M A - - 1993
A technique of aorto-aortic shunt using ordinary non-heparin-bound tubing was used in 21 patients. The proximal limb of the shunt was introduced via the left ventricular apex and advanced through the aortic valve into the ascending aorta, thereby avoiding the difficulty of cannulating the ascending aorta and offering a superior ...
Benjamin M E - - 1993
BACKGROUND: The indications for shunt placement to prevent cerebral ischemia during carotid endarterectomy have been controversial. Some investigators have recommended empiric shunting for patients presumed to be at higher risk for cerebral ischemia with a recent stroke or severe stenosis or occlusion of the contralateral internal carotid artery. METHODS: Carotid ...
Johnston T D - - 1993
Gut ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) appears to produce pulmonary vascular injury through endotoxin release and cytokine activation. The ability of hepatic reticuloendothelial cells to clear bacterial products may also be impaired during I/R. To test this, diversion of the splanchnic blood flow from the liver into the systemic circulation was performed via ...
Burrows P E - - 1993
PURPOSE: This review of findings in children undergoing transcatheter shunt occlusion was carried out to describe and compare the results of four different embolization techniques. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of clinical, radiologic, and cardiac catheterization records was carried out for 18 consecutive pediatric patients referred for Blalock-Taussig shunt ...
Eng J - - 1993
When non-surgical methods for removing intracardiac foreign body have failed, surgical removal should be attempted. Two patients who had dislodged ventriculoatrial shunts for hydrocephalus underwent open removal of catheters, one from the pulmonary artery while the other from the right atrium. Both were successfully retrieved without cardiopulmonary bypass. We describe ...
Yoshimura N - - 1993
We report the long-term results after systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunts using the internal mammary arteries in 2 patients. The systemic-to-pulmonary artery shunts using the internal mammary arteries were created in 2 children. Both of them are doing well 11 years and 7 years after operation. This procedure could be a reasonable ...
Walls J T - - 1993
We report our experience with 27 (22 male and 5 female) patients who were from 16 to 82 years of age (median 29 years) who underwent surgical repair for traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the thoracic aorta. The cause of injury in all cases was blunt trauma. Repair was accomplished with partial ...
Brydon C - - 1993
A patient with a large pulmonary embolus is described. The striking features were those of cardiovascular stability with hypoxaemia and hypercapnia. Cardiac catheterization confirmed the pulmonary embolus; in addition there was found to be a patent foramen ovale (PFO), causing a large right-to-left shunt. Removal of the pulmonary embolus and ...
Planas R - - 1993
The LeVeen peritoneovenous shunt has been used for nearly 20 yr in the treatment of refractory ascites due to liver cirrhosis. However, the technique encompasses a high incidence of serious complications. We report the case of a 59-yr-old man presenting with right pulmonary artery embolization caused by ruptured venous segment ...
Zavisca F G - - 1993
The successful management of a cesarean section in a parturient with a single ventricle and pulmonary atresia using general anesthesia is discussed. After cyanosis at birth, the patient underwent cardiac catheterization, which showed an apparent severe tetralogy of Fallot, atresia of the main pulmonary artery (PA), and a large patent ...
Hamid I A - - 1993
Eighteen patients under went surgical treatment of univentricular hearts between April 1989 till October 1992. All 18 had palliative operations in the form of: a modified Blalock-Taussig shunt (5), pulmonary artery banding (2), bidirectional Glenn shunts (2), conventional Fontan repair (1) and total cavo pulmonary connection (8). There were 11 ...
Triedman J K - - 1993
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of and risk factors for aortopulmonary collateral vessels in patients who have undergone a bidirectional Glenn or Fontan procedure, or both. BACKGROUND: Aortopulmonary collateral vessels are frequently observed angiographically in patients after a bidirectional Glenn or Fontan procedure. These ...
Maeda T - - 1993
A 57-year-old woman presented with hepatic encephalopathy, cirrhosis, and a dual-channel portosystemic venous shunt (PSVS). The shunt was treated successfully by embolization with steel coils via retrograde systemic venous access. Encephalopathy resolved. This new approach is considered safer than the previously reported percutaneous transhepatic route or the mesenteric venous route, ...
van Gelder H M - - 1993
Placement of an encircling Silastic band around Blalock-Taussig shunts facilitates identification and ligation of the shunt at the time of corrective operation. This technique of "shunt banding" is particularly useful for left-sided shunts, both native and modified. We have noted no complications, specifically shunt constriction. Placement of the band adds ...
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