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Patel Nirav C - - 2002
Intracoronary shunting is a useful method for maintaining distal perfusion as well as providing a bloodless field during off-pump coronary revascularization. Intracoronary shunts require insertion of both ends through a limited arteriotomy, which sometimes can be troublesome. We describe the 'shunt shuffle' as a simple technique, which allows rapid, atraumatic ...
Kong Huafu - - 2002
A nitinol shunt device was applied in six minipigs to create a precise intra-atrial shunt. This self-expanding shunt device consists of two retention disks of 2-8 mm, a 4 mm connecting waist with a 10 mm eccentric hole. It requires a 7 Fr introducer sheath. The device is attached to ...
Andersson L - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that pneumoperitoneum transiently reduces venous admixture as assessed by a calculation based on the shunt formula, and increases arterial oxygen tension (PaO(2)) in patients without heart or lung disease. The aim of the present study was to further explore the relationship between ventilation-perfusion (V(A)/Q) before ...
Okada Munemasa - - 2002
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to evaluate electron beam CT (EBCT) for the noninvasive assessment of modified Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt patency in patients with pulmonary atresia. METHOD: Five infants and children with pulmonary atresia and modified BT shunts underwent contrast-enhanced EBCT. Modified BT shunts from the subclavian artery ...
Silav G - - 2002
We present a case of umbilical perforation of the distal end of ventriculoperitoneal shunt as a rare complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunts including an umbilical abscess and an infection related with ventriculoperitoneal shunt. The ventriculoperitoneal catheter was removed, the umbilical abscess was drained and appropriate medication was employed for infection with ...
Liebold A - - 2002
We report the use of a pumpless extracorporeal lung assist (PECLA) in 70 patients with severe pulmonary failure of various causes. The device was used under rescue conditions in patients with preserved cardiac function. By establishing a shunt between femoral artery and vein using the arterio-venous pressure gradient as the ...
Giamberti Alessandro - - 2002
We describe two patients with right isomerism, corrected with a fenestrated Fontan operation, who suffered severe progressive cyanosis. Cardiac catheterisation in both revealed a massive right-to-left shunt from the inferior caval vein, through the liver, to a hepatic vein draining directly to the left side of the intra-atrial baffle. The ...
Cabanes Laure - - 2002
BACKGROUND: An accurate diagnosis of patent foramen ovale (PFO) and atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) may be of decisional importance in the management of patients with ischemic stroke. Very few studies have been devoted to observer agreement in the diagnosis of these atrial septum abnormalities using contrast transesophageal echocardiography, which is ...
Yamauchi Hitoshi - - 2002
During the early development of the Fontan operation, a number of physiologic and anatomical limits were proposed as selection criteria, and two criteria, pulmonary vascular resistance and ventricular function, have been important in predicting surgical outcome. The use of the bidirectional cavo pulmonary shunt as a staging procedure performed to ...
Kuhlman Chad G - - 2002
Thirteen patients underwent placement of a balloon-expandable stent either at initial transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation (n = 3) because of immediate technical failure of the Wallstent or at shunt revision because of failure of the Wallstent to reduce the portosystemic gradient <or=12 mm Hg despite overdilation (n = ...
Kronzon Itzhak - - 2002
Direct Doppler echocardiographic calculation of shunt flow in patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) may be difficult because the orifice area is not well visualized. We used proximal isovelocity surface area (PISA) method to calculate the effective shunt orifice area and the shunt volume in a patient with PDA. The PISA calculation ...
Chiu Shuenn-Nan - - 2002
A 7-year-old boy who presented with cyanosis and exercise intolerance was diagnosed with pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVMs) secondary to a congenital superior-mesenteric-vein-to-left-renal-vein (SMV-LRV) shunt. Resolution of the PAVMs (confirmed by chest computed tomography [CT]) occurred after embolization of this shunt. Although the pathogenesis of his PAVM is not well known, ...
Gorenflo Matthias - - 2002
A 9-year-old boy, with significant left-to-right shunting across a large duct in the context of rubella syndrome, was tested during catheterization to establish the feasability of occluding the duct with a device. The testing, including temporary closure of the duct and monitoring of pulmonary vascular reactivity to vasodilative substances, lead ...
Parvathy U - - 2002
A 3 1/2-year-old female child presented with massive hemoptysis 5 months after a modified Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt for double-outlet right ventricle with pulmonary stenosis. Computerized tomographic scan and angiography showed a false aneurysm of the subclavian artery at the insertion of the shunt. Successful surgical management is discussed.
Odenstedt H - - 2002
BACKGROUND: Monitoring central hemodynamics is essential in critically ill patients and less invasive techniques are needed. In this study, the clinical and technical performance of a new non-invasive cardiac output monitor (NICO) based on partial CO2 rebreathing technique and a modified Fick equation were evaluated. The various sources of possible ...
Demyanchuk V B - - 2002
Three cases of pseudoaneurysm of subclavian artery in long-term follow-up after staged repair of tetralogy of Fallot are described. The angiographical study revealed that aneurysms were located in the systemic end area of previously ligated modified Blalock-Taussing shunt. Aneurysmectomy with resection of a shunt and segment of subclavian artery was ...
Tanaka Akira - - 2002
With a cavernous hemangioma the vascular space does not form an anastomosis, and the blood flow is slow. In contrast, several atypical hemangiomas, including those with shunt formation, have been recently recognized. We report here two extreme cases of atypical hemangioma with severe clinical symptoms due to shunts. In the ...
White R N - - 2001
The biplanar mesenteric vein portovenograms of 10 cats with left divisional intrahepatic portosystemic shunts consistent with a patent ductus venosus (PDV) were reviewed. A corrosion cast of the hepatic portal vasculature was made post mortem from one individual that died post operatively following surgical attenuation of the shunting vessel. On ...
Ghamande S - - 2001
A right-to-left shunt (RLS) is an uncommon complication of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) that may cause hypoxemia from venous admixture and ischemic complications from paradoxic embolization. This report presents the third described patient whose RLS through a PFO and profound hypoxemia developed in association with right hemidiaphragm dysfunction (but ...
Hartmann A - - 2001
Intracranial venous congestion is often caused by local venous thrombosis or brain arteriovenous fistulas. Hemodialysis shunts are known to cause venous enlargement in the arm or chest but have not been related to intracranial vascular pathology. Case Description- A 59-year-old woman who presented with increasing headache, gait instability, and memory ...
Wallace M J - - 2001
PURPOSE: To investigate the feasibility of percutaneous renal artery and vein access for the creation of a transrenal arteriovenous hemodialysis graft. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Renal-artery-to-ipsilateral-renal-vein conduits were constructed with use of entirely percutaneous techniques in seven swine. Renal artery and vein access was performed in six animals with use of ...
Angeli S - - 2001
Right-to-left shunt due to patent foramen ovale is a well-established risk factor for ischemic stroke, especially in young subjects and in patients with cryptogenic stroke. We report a detailed method for the diagnosis of a right-to-left shunt by means of transcranial Doppler as established at a recent consensus conference, and ...
Belardi P - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: to assess the application of external carotid artery (ECA) shunting in cerebral protection during carotid endarterectomy (CEA). DESIGN: prospective study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: the study comprised 137 consecutive patients who underwent CEA under locoregional anaesthesia. Transcranial Doppler was used to monitor the mean velocity of the middle cerebral artery ...
D'Cruz K - - 2001
Shunt procedures being used in the emergency surgical management of variceal bleeding include total (portocaval shunt-PCS), partial (mesocaval H graft shunt-MCS) or selective shunts (distal splenorenal shunt-DSRS). We report the use of inferior mesenteric vein to left renal vein (IMV to LRV) shunt in an emergency situation in a 24 ...
Gouw Samantha C. - - 2001
The optimal surgical approach and timing for patients with tetralogy of Fallot remain controversial. There are two options in current practice: a two-stage repair (an initial palliative aortopulmonary shunt at an early age followed by complete repair at an older age) or primary complete repair. There has been a trend ...
Grutters J C - - 2001
A 75-yr-old female presented with platypnoea and orthodeoxia, shortly after laying down an old and pinching corset. The injection of activated Haemaccel in the right cubital vene during transoesophageal echocardiography, in the upright position, revealed a direct blood flow from the superior caval vein at a patent foremen ovale, consequently ...
Kerut E K - - 2001
Patent foramen ovale (PFO) is implicated in platypnea-orthodeoxia, stroke and decompression sickness (DCS) in divers and astronauts. However, PFO size in relation to clinical illness is largely unknown since few studies evaluate PFO, either functionally or anatomically. The autopsy incidence of PFO is approximately 27% and 6% for a large ...
Sugiyama M - - 2001
PURPOSE: Right-to-left shunts of pulmonary arteriovenous malformation (PAVM) can be detected and measured by pulmonary perfusion scans using Tc-99m MAA. In PAVM with a relatively small right-to-left shunt, however, measurement of the shunt ratio may not be reliable. This study re-evaluated pulmonary perfusion scans for a small right-to-left shunt of ...
Shibata K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the possibility of identifying critical segmental arteries (CSAs) based on Doppler ultrasonographic hemodynamics. METHODS: In 18 mongrel dogs, the descending aorta was scanned directly with a 5-MHz linear probe through left thoracotomies and the flow velocities in segmental arteries were measured ...
Vogt P R - - 2001
Bleeding after complex ascending aortic, aortic root or transverse arch surgery which is inaccessible or difficult to control may present a major problem. Here, we describe a modified Cabrol-shunt technique using complete mediastinal coverage with decompression into the innominate vein where the classical technique is not suitable. The long-term fate ...
Fike C D - - 2001
Our purpose was to determine if abundance of proteins underlying nitric oxide (NO) and prostanoid production is altered in lungs of piglets with aortopulmonary shunts. We also evaluated whether shunted piglets exhibit abnormal pulmonary vascular responses to ACh, an endothelium-dependent agent that mediates dilation in part by NO and prostanoid ...
Kokov L S - - 2001
The modified Blalock-Taussig shunt is the palliative treatment of choice for tetralogy of Fallot. Shunt thrombosis is a potential complication, requiring high-risk reoperation. The use of percutaneous rheolytic devices for thrombus removal in such occluded shunts has not been previously reported. We describe a case in which use of a ...
Montemurro S - - 2001
Intractable bleeding from anorectal varices is a serious and often misdiagnosed complication of portal hypertension and no agreement has been reached on which could be the optimal diagnostic and therapeutic strategy. Indeed, fatal outcome has been often reported resulting from delayed diagnosis and improper treatment. The case of a 67-year-old ...
Meng J S - - 2001
Surgical specimens of four adult cases of cerebral pial arteriovenous malformation (AVM) were examined by reconstruction of serial sections to disclose the actual anatomical structure and to analyze the mechanism of gradual growth and rupture. More than seven arteriovenous shunts (AV-shunts) per case were found in all four cases, and ...
Yamane T - - 2001
An anomalous shunt between the bronchoesophageal artery and pulmonary artery was diagnosed in a 1-year- old, 3.5 kg female Miniature Dachshund by selective contrast angiography. A cardiac murmur had been observed in the dog during examination at another hospital. The machinery murmur was auscultated at the left side of the ...
Cartmill M - - 2001
Neuroendoscopic third ventriculostomy (NTV) has superseded shunting as the treatment of choice in non-communicating hydrocephalus. Intracranial developmental anomalies have been considered to be relative contraindications for this procedure. We present one patient with a Dandy-Walker malformation and another with septo-optic dysplasia who presented with hydrocephalus. An NTV was performed successfully ...
Hu R H - - 2001
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Peritoneovenous shunt is one of the treatments for refractory ascites. However, the dysfunction of the shunt is frequently seen and needs further management. We in this manuscript reported our experience in the salvaging procedures of dysfunctional peritoneovenous shunt. METHODOLOGY: A total of 29 Denver shunts were constructed for the ...
López-Medina A - - 2001
Surgical treatment of an occluded or stenotic portosystemic shunt is difficult and carries a high risk of mortality. We report two cases of early thrombosis of distal splenorenal shunt (DSRS) successfully treated by transcatheter recanalization and stent placement. At 18-month follow-up, the patients remained asymptomatic and control venograms showed continued ...
Uno M - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We designed a new external shunt system and evaluated its indications and efficacy in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA). METHODS: In 8 of 332 CEA procedures, external shunts were placed between the common carotid artery and the internal carotid artery (ICA). This procedure was implemented for one of two ...
Wilmshurst P T - - 2001
The presence of a large right-to-left shunt is associated with neurological decompression illness after non-provocative dives, as a result of paradoxical gas embolism. A small number of observations suggest that cutaneous decompression illness is also associated with a right-to-left shunt, although an embolic aetiology of a diffuse rash is more ...
Itai Y - - 2001
PURPOSE: The purpose of this work was to survey the spectrum of CT findings in intrahepatic portosystemic venous shunts (IPSVSs). METHOD: One thousand consecutive liver CT scans examined with an enhanced helical technique were retrospectively reviewed on workstation to find IPSVSs. RESULTS: IPSVSs were noted in 37 patients and divided ...
Tam V K - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Excessive pulmonary blood flow increases ventricular volume work in the face of inadequate systemic cardiac output, low diastolic blood pressure, and inadequate coronary perfusion. Using the smallest available 3-mm polytetrafluoroethylene shunts have been successful, although catastrophic shunt thrombosis has occasionally been observed. To avoid thrombosis with a smaller conduit, ...
Brophy D P - - 2001
A 65-year-old man with cryptogenic cirrhosis initially underwent transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation for variceal bleeding. For the following 16 months, variceal bleeding and intractable ascites persisted despite TIPS revision with variceal embolization. A surgical distal splenorenal shunt was then created, but, although there was initial improvement, intractable ascites ...
Chen Q - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Modified Blalock-Taussig (BT) shunt causing pulmonary artery distortion has been reported. This distortion may get worse after a corrective operation if the BT shunt is ligated, rather than divided. In this study we examined whether division of modified BT shunt at the time of corrective operation would allow pulmonary ...
Short J A - - 2001
In children with congenital cyanotic heart disease, right-to-left intracardiac shunting causes an obligatory difference between arterial and end-tidal carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2-PE'CO2) as venous blood, rich in carbon dioxide, is added to the arterial circulation. This obligatory PaCO2-PE'CO2 difference, which can be predicted from knowledge of oxygen saturation, haemoglobin concentration ...
Wang J K - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The results of percutaneous balloon angioplasty for obstructed modified Blalock-Taussig (BT) or central shunts and pulmonary artery (PA) stenoses were studied to assess its role as an alternative to second shunt and surgical PA angioplasty. BACKGROUND: Obstruction of a modified shunt and PA stenosis related to the shunt or ...
Ofoe V D - - 2001
We describe a 2-year-old girl with tetralogy of Fallot and pulmonary atresia, palliated as a neonate with a right modified Blalock Taussig shunt, who developed severe cyanosis following total correction in the absence of corresponding evidence of parenchymal lung disease on the chest X-ray. Selective pulmonary angiography showed new intrapulmonary ...
Mariani L - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: Intratumoral arteriovenous shunting in glioblastomas has been suspected but neither proven nor quantified. METHODS: Using a previously described technique of selective intra-arterial intratumoral injection of 99mTc-labeled microparticles (macroaggregated albumin), we measured the amount of radioactivity, by cerebral and pulmonary scintigraphy, in seven patients with malignant gliomas (six with glioblastomas ...
Piéchaud J F - - 2001
Hypoxemia related to right-to-left shunting through a patent foramen ovale (PFO) is not rare. It can be observed in correlation with a specific situation such as pneumonectomy and can occur even with normal pulmonary pressure. This article reports the experience of 12 patients in which a transcatheter closure with the ...
Bihari I - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Sclerotherapy of telangiectasias is widely used for their treatment, but causes skin ulceration in 0.2-1.2% of patients. The cause of this complication is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that an arteriole is occluded because the sclerosant gets into an arteriovenous (AV) shunt. We have looked for these communications underneath ...
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