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de Araújo Júnior Antônio Santos AS Division of Post Graduation in Surgery, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil, - - 2015
This study was undertaken to determine variables that could predict, in the perioperative period of anterior communicating artery (ACom) aneurysms surgeries, the likelihood of postoperative sequelae and complications, after temporary arterial occlusion (TAO). In a universe of 32 patients submitted to ACom aneurysm repair in the last 7 years, 21 ...
Scheglov Dmitry V DV Department of Vascular Patholopy of the Brain Spinal Cord, Scientific -Practical Center of Endovascular Neuroradiology, National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, - - 2015
In the first 2 weeks after subarachnoid hemorrhage caused by a ruptured aneurysm, 30-35 % of surviving patients treated with conservative nonoperative therapy experience rebleeding. This is fatal in 60-90 % of cases and leads to significant disability in 17-20 % of cases. A major factor for this poor outcome ...
Davierwala Piroze M PM Department of Cardiac Surgery, Heart Center, University of Leipzig, Struempellstraße 39, 04289, Leipzig, Germany, - - 2014
New-generation stents have been continually developed in order to improve the safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Several randomized clinical trials have been conducted over the last two decades to compare the outcomes of PCI with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), which has been the time-tested treatment of ...
Yoshidome Hiroyuki H Department of General Surgery, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuo-ku, Chiba, 260-8670, - - 2014
The possibility of resection for locally advanced pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) with involvement of hepatic or superior mesenteric artery is low. The treatment strategy for these locally advanced PDAC needs to be elucidated. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 107 patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy for PDAC between 2007 and 2012. ...
Sivananthan Gajan G Departments of Radiology (G.S., N.J.H., J.F.P.) and Vascular Surgery (J.M.E., J.M.A.-C.), Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts USA. - - 2014
To evaluate the diagnostic yield of complete lower extremity venous sonography for diagnosing deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in patients undergoing computed tomographic (CT) pulmonary angiography for suspected pulmonary embolism (PE). We retrospectively reviewed all cases of lower extremity venous sonography and CT pulmonary angiography performed within 1 day of each ...
Kent K Craig - - 2014
Key Clinical Points Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms Abdominal aortic aneurysms are usually asymptomatic until they rupture, with an ensuing mortality of 85 to 90%. Symptomatic patients require urgent repair. U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommendations support screening in men 65 to 75 years of age with a history of smoking and ...
Benomrane Skander S 1Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery,La Rabta - - 2014
Aortic coarctation in older children most frequently represents cases of re-coarctation following previous transcatheter or surgical therapy or missed cases of native coarctation. We describe three cases of adolescents - two girls and one boy - with aortic coarctation, operated between January, 2012 and December, 2013. Computed tomography angiography was ...
Rodrigues Ana Clara AC Echocardiography Laboratory - MDP, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo, Brazil, - - 2014
The impact of pulmonary embolism on right ventricular (RV) performance can be evaluated by echocardiography, however, the relationship between pulmonary vascular involvement and RV burden is controversial. To assess the effect of clot burden on RV performance we studied 85 patients (aged 53 ± 17 years, 39 female) with confirmed PE by multislice ...
Bak So Hyeon SH Departments of Radiology, Konkuk University Medical Center, Konkuk University School of Medicine, 4-12 Hwayang-dong, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 143-729, - - 2014
The objective is to determine cardiac computed tomography (CCT) features capable of differentiating between bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) in severe aortic stenosis (AS) patients with fused cusp and without elliptical-shaped systolic orifices. We retrospectively enrolled 53 patients who had severe AS with fused cusps and ...
Goyal Manu S MS From the Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology (M.S.G., R.G., S.B., C.P.D.), Cardiovascular Division of the Department of Internal Medicine (A.K.), and Departments of Neurology and Neurosurgery (G.J.Z., C.P.D.), Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO. - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of bicuspid aortic valves (BAVs) and thoracic ascending aortic aneurysms (TAAs) in a retrospective cohort of patients treated for intracranial aneurysms (IAs). Patients treated for IA at our institution between 2002 and 2011 were identified and their clinical records reviewed. ...
Spanos Konstantinos K Department of Vascular Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, School of Health Sciences, University Hospital of Larissa, University of Thessaly, Larissa, Greece - - 2014
Type II endoleak after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair still remains the Achilles' heel of the treatment, the source of which regularly is difficult to identify and treat. We present a patient with a persistent type II endoleak associated with a continuous aneurysm sac expansion after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair for ...
Compter Annette A Brain Centre Rudolf Magnus, Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, G 03.232, University Medical Centre Utrecht, PO Box 85500, 3508, GA, Utrecht, The Netherlands, - - 2014
We assessed the prevalence of vertebral artery (VA) stenosis or occlusion and its influence on outcome in patients with acute basilar artery occlusion (BAO). We studied 141 patients with acute BAO enrolled in the Basilar Artery International Cooperation Study (BASICS) registry of whom baseline CT angiography (CTA) of the intracranial ...
Barvalia Mihir - - 2014
Carotid Duplex Ultrasonography (CDUS) is one of the non-invasive imaging modalities used to evaluate for carotid artery stenosis. However, it is often used in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), peripheral artery disease (PAD), before heart surgery, syncope and non-specific neurological symptoms although its value is unclear. Our study aimed ...
Munich S A SA Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY, USA - - - 2014
Carotid artery revascularization is an effective means of stroke prevention in selected patients with carotid stenosis. Traditionally, carotid endarterectomy (CEA) was performed to achieve this goal. With the development of endovascular techniques and technologies, carotid artery stenting (CAS) has become a viable alternative to CEA, particularly in patients considered high ...
Panfili Elisabetta E Scuola di Specializzazione in Radiodiagnostica, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Ancona, Italy, - - 2014
Pulmonary complications are common causes of morbidity and mortality after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) and consist of atelectasis, pleural effusion, pulmonary oedema, adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and pneumonia. The aim of this paper is to describe the incidence of pulmonary complications after OLT during the first postoperative week and ...
Angriman Federico F Internal Medicine Department, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires University, Buenos Aires, Argentina - - 2014
Since the introduction of computed tomography pulmonary angiography, isolated subsegmental pulmonary embolism has become a commonly recognized clinical problem, but its clinical relevance remains unclear. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the extent to which the simplified Wells score discriminates between patients with varying levels of risk ...
Milks Michael Wesley MW From the *Department of Internal Medicine, and †Section of Cardiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC; ‡Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, - - 2014
The assessment of right ventricular (RV) perfusion defects has remained challenging during vasodilator stress perfusion with cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). The significance of RV signal abnormalities during vasodilator stress perfusion and late gadolinium-enhanced CMR is yet uncertain. Among 61 individuals who underwent adenosine CMR stress testing before cardiac catheterization, we ...
Borowiec Anna A II Ischemic Heart Disease Department, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate value of osteoprotegerin (OPG) in patients with degenerative aortic stenosis and preserved left-ventricular ejection fraction. We have prospectively followed 70 patients with aortic stenosis (mean aortic gradient ≥15 mmHg) and preserved left-ventricular ejection fraction for 1 year. In all patients, echocardiography and ...
Tsotetsi Sc S Department of Vascular Surgery, Steve Biko Academic Hospital, South Africa - - 2014
Aneurysms associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are pseudo-aneurysms and the pathology is unique to HIV vasculopathy. We report outcomes of endovascular therapy for HIV iliac artery aneurysms in a series of patients to augment the sparse literature on these aneurysms. The records from January 2010 to December 2013 of ...
Dreyer Stephan B SB Specialist Trainee in General Surgery, West of Scotland Deanery, Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, UK - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine whether there has been a change in annual ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm admissions and elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repairs in a tertiary vascular surgery department. All patients admitted with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm from 1987 to 2009 and all undergoing elective abdominal ...
Ryu Wi-Sun WS Department of Neurology, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Republic of - - 2014
Background: Intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) is a major cause of ischemic stroke in Asians. Despite the clinical importance of ICAS, the literature on the natural history of ICAS has been less enlightening. The aims of our study were to evaluate a long-term natural course of symptomatic and asymptomatic ICAS. Methods: ...
Kalteis Manfred M Department of cardiovascular Surgery, Klinikum Wels-Grieskirchen, Wels, Austria Department of Surgery, Elisabethinen Hospital, Linz, Austria - - 2014
To report the long-term results for patients treated with endovascular aneurysm repair and additional embolization and coverage of the hypogastric artery compared with patients treated with simple endovascular aneurysm repair. A database of our endovascular aneurysm repair patient cohort was reviewed to find patients with iliac artery aneurysms. The baseline ...
Raymond Timothy E TE Cleveland Clinic, Department of Hospital Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, United States ; - - 2014
Proper and early identification of patients whom harbour serious occult illness is the first step in developing a disease management strategy. Identification of illnesses through the use of non-invasive techniques provides assurance of patient safety and is ideal. Pulmonary artery dilation is easily measured non-invasively and it is usually caused ...
Wadia Rajeev S RS From the *Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Division of Pediatric Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD; †Divisions of Critical Care Medicine and Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC; and ‡Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine & Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, - - 2014
Aortic dissection secondary to thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms is very uncommon in children, and this life-threatening diagnosis requires a high clinical index of suspicion. Unlike adults, in whom atherosclerosis, inflammation, and advanced age are typically contributing factors, aortic dissection in children is usually due to nonatherosclerotic causes.Aortic aneurysms can be asymptomatic ...
Celestin Carey C Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA, 70148, - - 2014
The central aortic shunt, consisting of a Gore-Tex (polytetrafluoroethylene) tube (graft) connecting the ascending aorta to the pulmonary artery, is a palliative operation for neonates with cyanotic congenital heart disease. These tubes often have an extended length, and therefore must be angulated to complete the connection to the posterior pulmonary ...
Jang Gi Young GY Department of Pediatrics, Korea University Hospital, Ansan, - - 2014
We investigated the course of coronary aneurysm with a diameter > 6 mm in Kawasaki disease (KD), as well as related therapeutic trends and prognosis in Korea. We performed a nationwide questionnaire survey in 77 hospitals, conducting a retrospective study of patients with KD who had coronary aneurysms with a ...
Bramlage Peter - - 2014
In patients with severe calcific aortic stenosis, balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) is routinely performed in order to pre-dilate the stenosed aortic valve prior to transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Although pre-dilation is considered to be essential for the preparation of the valve landing zone, there is no clear evidence to ...
van Oppen James D JD The University of Nottingham Medical School, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom. - - 2014
Transcutaneous carbon dioxide (PtcCO2 ) monitoring is rarely used in the acute hospital setting, where serial samples of arterial blood are instead taken to measure carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2 ). In this pilot observational study, we assessed the potential of PtcCO2 monitoring to calculate pH and guide management of acute ...
Porzionato Andrea A Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Padova, Padova, - - 2014
Diffuse pulmonary ossification (DPO) is a rare condition characterized by diffuse metaplastic bone formation in the lungs. Two patterns have been described: dendriform, with a coral-like network of bone spiculae along the alveolar septa; and nodular, with lobulated fragments in the alveolar spaces. Dendriform DPO is frequently associated with chronic ...
Champion Sébastien S Réanimation Polyvalente, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de la Réunion, Saint Denis, France - - 2014
Recent series reported excellent results of surgical embolectomy in patients with acute pulmonary embolism with mortality rates of about 5-9% (range 0-13%). However, very low mortality of patients receiving medical treatment for intermediate-risk pulmonary embolism (1.5 and 2.8% at 7 and 30 days, respectively) was recently reported. Thus, we would ...
Yamamoto Satoshi S Department of Vascular Surgery, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
The object of the study is to determine the long-term outcomes of surgical treatment of patients with popliteal artery entrapment syndrome at a single institute. We retrospectively reviewed 19 limbs of 16 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for popliteal artery entrapment syndrome at our hospital over the past 36 years. ...
Duan Guoli G Department of Neurosurgery, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, - - 2014
We evaluated the correlation between posterior communicating artery (PcomA) aneurysm rupture and morphological and hemodynamic parameters to assess related rupture risk indices. Six patients with PcomA aneurysms that ultimately ruptured (cases) were studied after initially being included in a prospective database including their three-dimensional (3D) imaging before rupture. For each ...
Elbadawy A A Vascular Surgery Department, Assiut University Hospital, Assiut,Egypt - - - 2014
to demonstrate the impact of duplex arterial mapping on decision making in non--acute ischemic limb patient group reporting pain onset between 15 days and 3 months. We prospectively evaluated patients presented with critical limb ischemia who reported pain onset of duration between 15 days and 3 months in one--year period. ...
Taniguchi Ryosuke R Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of - - 2014
Aim: The viscoelastic properties of the artery are known to be altered in patients with vascular diseases. However, few studies have evaluated the viscoelasticity of the vascular wall in humans. We sought to investigate the degree of viscoelastic deterioration of the carotid artery and assess its clinical implications.Methods: Between January ...
Dournes Gaël G Univ. Bordeaux, Centre de Recherche Cardio-Thoracique de Bordeaux, U1045, Bordeaux, France, Inserm, Centre de Recherche Cardio-Thoracique de Bordeaux, U1045, CIC1401, Bordeaux, France, CHU Bordeaux, Service d'Imagerie Thoracique et Cardio-vasculaire, BORDEAUX, France ; - - 2014
Purpose: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an established complication of advanced COPD associated with increased mortality. The mechanisms coupling PH and bronchial obstruction are unknown; in particular PH appears unrelated to emphysema. We hypothesized that CT measurement of airway remodeling instead of emphysema may correlate with PH in COPD. Material and ...
Isselbacher Eric M EM Massachusetts General Hospital Thoracic Aortic Center & Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA - - 2014
In this issue of Circulation, Sidloff and colleagues have presented their findings that, among 18 World Health Organization member states over a period of 16 years (from 1994 to 2010), there has been a reduction in the age-standardized mortality from both thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection.(1) If one considers the ...
Bor A Stijntje E AS From the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands (A.S.E.B., A.T.T.G., G.J.E.R.); Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Medical Imaging, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (A.T.T.G., K.G.t., R.A.); Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands (B.K.V.); and Department of Neurology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands (M.J.H.W.). - - 2014
Unruptured intracranial aneurysms are frequently followed to monitor aneurysm growth. We studied the yield of follow-up imaging and analyzed risk factors for aneurysm growth. We included patients with untreated, unruptured intracranial aneurysms and ≥6 months of follow-up imaging from 2 large prospectively collected databases. We assessed the proportion of patients ...
Kanber B B Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of a novel ultrasound-based carotid plaque risk index (CPRI) in predicting the presence of cerebrovascular symptoms in patients with carotid artery stenosis. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional, observational study involving 56 patients (mean age 76.6 years, 62.5 % ...
Waldo Stephen W SW Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
-Decisions to proceed with surgical versus percutaneous revascularization for multivessel coronary artery disease are often based on subtle clinical information that may not be captured in contemporary registries. The present study sought to evaluate the association between surgical ineligibility documented in the medical record and long-term mortality among patients with ...
Singh Sushil Kumar SK Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India - - 2014
Thromboelastography enables complete evaluation of the process of clot initiation, the structural characteristics of the formed clot and its stability. Many previous studies have assessed the predictive role of thromboelastography in on-pump cardiac surgery, but there are no clear guidelines on its use in off-pump coronary artery bypass. The aim ...
Harris Brett S BS From the Heart and Vascular Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Ashley River Tower, MSC 226, 25 Courtenay Dr, Charleston, SC - - 2014
Purpose To assess the accuracy of computed tomographic (CT) examinations performed for the purpose of transcatheter aortic valve replacement ( TAVR transcatheter aortic valve replacement ) planning to diagnose obstructive coronary artery disease ( CAD coronary artery disease ). Materials and Methods With institutional review board approval, waivers of informed ...
Oh Hyung-Geun HG From the Department of Neurology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea (H.-G.O.); and Departments of Neurology (P.-W.C.) and Endocrinology and Metabolism (E.-J.R.), Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) is considered an important cause of stroke in Asians. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is a surrogate marker for subclinical atherosclerosis. We aimed to analyze the association of ICAS assessed by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and CAC in middle-aged Korean population. This study included 10 550 participants (81.3% men, ...
Hodis Simona S Neuroradiology Research Laboratory, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2014
Implanted, actual flow diverter pore density is thought to be strongly influenced by proper matching between the device size and parent artery diameter. The objective of this study was to characterize the correlation between device sizing, metal coverage, and the resultant occlusion of aneurysms following flow diverter treatment in a ...
Ozturk Derya D Department of Cardiology, Istanbul Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey - - 2014
We investigated the association between the preoperative logistic clinical syntax score (log CSS), saphenous vein graft (SVG) patency, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). Of 1875 patients undergoing isolated CABG between 2009 and 2011, 267 patients, who later underwent coronary angiography, were ...
Schmelter Christopher C Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Klinikum Ingolstadt, Krumenauerstraße 25, 85049, Ingolstadt, Germany, - - 2014
The study was designed to assess outcomes of arteriovenous (AV) accesses after interventional stent-graft deployment in haemodialysis patients. 63 haemodialysis patients with 66 AV fistulas and AV grafts were treated by interventional stent-graft deployment from 2006 to 2012 at our hospital. Data of these patients were retrospectively analysed for location ...
Fujihara Masahiko M Department of Cardiology, Kishiwada Tokushukai Hospital, Kishiwada, Japan; Department of Medicine and Biosystemic Science, Kyushu University Graduate, School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka, - - 2014
Objectives: To assess the safety and efficacy of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) angiography-guided endovascular therapy (EVT) for renal, iliofemoral artery disease. Background: Patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD) often have chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the use of iodinated contrast media may enhance the risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). Contrast ...
Cerro Marín M J MJ Hospital Ramon y Cajal, Madrid, Spain ; - - 2014
Rationale: There is a lack of knowledge regarding the epidemiology, clinical characterization, and survival in pediatric pulmonary hypertension. Methods: We analyzed data from the Spanish Registry for Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension. From January 2009 to June 2012, 225 patients diagnosed of pulmonary hypertension in 1998 or after were collected from 21 ...
Balderston Jessica R JR Division of Cardiology, Virginia Commonwealth University Medical Center, Richmond, - - 2014
Background: Coronary artery aneurysms (CAA) are seen in 1-5% of angiograms. Aneurysmal coronary disease has been thought to be a variant of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) in most patients, but this has not been systematically studied. Methods: To better understand the pathophysiology of CAA, we reviewed the cardiac catheterization ...
Müller-Wille René R From the Department of Radiology (R.M.W., S.S., W.U., O.G., C.S., W.A.W.), Center for Clinical Studies (F.Z.), and Department of Surgery (K.P., P.K.), University Medical Center Regensburg, Franz-Josef-Strauss-Allee 11, 93053 Regensburg, - - 2014
Purpose To determine computed tomographic (CT) features of early type II endoleaks associated with aneurysm sac enlargement after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair ( EVAR endovascular aortic aneurysm repair ) of abdominal aortic aneurysm. Materials and Methods Institutional review board approval was not required for this retrospective study. The authors reviewed ...
Song Ji-Yong JY Ji-Yong Song, Bing-Yi Shi, Zhi-Dong Zhu, De-Hua Zheng, Gang Li, Li-Kui Feng, Lin Zhou, Tian-Tian Wu, Guo-Sheng Du, Organ Transplant Institute, the 309 Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army, Beijing 100091, - - 2014
To explore a prophylactic procedure to prevent splenic artery steal syndrome (SASS), as well as a therapeutic intervention to correct it. Forty-three liver transplant patients were enrolled in a non-randomized controlled trial, with the eligible criterion that the diameter of the splenic artery is more than 5 mm and/or 1.5 ...
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