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Musoke Charles - - 2014
Falciparum malaria is known to cause alterations in the coagulation cascade, including disseminated intravascular coagulation. Microthrombotic complications are the best described; however, a number of cases of thrombosis involving larger vessels have been published in the literature. Herein, we describe the case of a woman with malaria associated with massive ...
Pozgain Zrinka - - 2013
Dirofilaria immitis is a parasite transmitted by mosquito bites, where the most common primary hosts are dogs, cats and some wild animals. Humans become accidental hosts after being bitten by an infected mosquito and the number of such infections has rapidly increased during the last decade. We present a patient ...
Wang David S DS Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, Stanford University Medical Center, 300 Pasteur Drive, H3630, Stanford, CA 94305-5642, USA. - - 2013
Cutaneous complications can result from nontarget deposition during transcatheter arterial chemoembolization or radioembolization. Liver tumors may receive blood supply from parasitized extrahepatic arteries (EHAs) that also perfuse skin or from hepatic arteries located near the origin of the falciform artery (FA), which perfuses the anterior abdominal wall. To vasoconstrict cutaneous ...
Carretón E - - 2013
Dirofilaria immitis adult worms lodged in the pulmonary arteries are the causative agent of heartworm disease, characterized by endarteritis and obstruction of the blood flow. Dying worms form embolic fragments which trigger thrombosis. Thus, pulmonary thromboembolism is an inevitable consequence of successful adulticide therapy. Clinical signs of pulmonary thromboembolisms are ...
Sharif-Kashani Babak - - 2012
Pulmonary embolism is major cause of hospital death. Clinical prediction rules such as Wells' prediction rules can help in selection of at-risk patients who need further testing for pulmonary embolism. We evaluated the usefulness of such criteria for detection of patients with diagnosed pulmonary embolism. Patients enrolled in National Research ...
Bayaro─čullari Hanifi - - 2013
Hydatid disease (HD) is a worldwide parasitic disease. Echinococcosis may involve many organs but affect most commonly liver and lungs. The location of echinococcal cysts inside pulmonary artery is extremely rare. Radiologic findings range from purely cystic lesions to a completely solid appearance. Hydatid cysts (HC) can be solitary or ...
Firth Amy L - - 2012
Pulmonary Hypertension is a terminology encompassing a range of etiologically different pulmonary vascular diseases. The most common is that termed pulmonary arterial hypertension or PAH; a rare but often fatal disease characterized by a mean pulmonary arterial pressure of >25mmHg. PAH is associated with a complex etiology highlighted by core ...
Pankey Edward A - - 2012
Responses to a selective azaindole-based Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitor (azaindole-1) were investigated in the rat. Intravenous injections of azaindole-1 (10-300 µg/kg), produced small decreases in pulmonary arterial pressure and larger decreases in systemic arterial pressure without changing cardiac output. Responses to azaindole-1 were slow in onset and long in duration. When ...
Giannakopoulos T G - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/DESIGN: The aim of the study was to investigate debris captured in filter embolic protection devices (EPDs) during carotid artery stenting (CAS) and its possible correlation with plaque echogenicity and other risk factors. MATERIALS/METHODS: Between June 2010 and March 2011, 51 consecutive CAS patients (11 females, mean age 71.2 ± 7, 10 ...
Antoniu Sabina Antonela - - 2012
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease with a complex pathogenesis. It is often associated with an increased vascular resistance, whilst in the more advanced stages there is a remodelling of the vascular walls. PAH has an intricate involvement of various signaling pathways, including the ras homolog family member ...
Waldkirch Eginhard S - - 2012
Introduction.  Rho kinases (ROKs) cause calcium-independent modulation of smooth muscle contraction. A significant role for the RhoA/ROK pathway in mediating the contraction of the penile erectile tissue has been suggested. Moreover, it has been postulated that ROK activity might represent a key factor in the pathophysiology of erectile dysfunction. Up ...
Margaritis Marios M Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Oxford, West Wing Level 6, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley way, Oxford OX3 9DU, - - 2012
Saphenous vein grafts used in coronary artery bypass graft surgery suffer from lower patency rates compared to left internal mammary artery. A number of clinical trials and observational studies have demonstrated a significant benefit of statin treatment on vein graft patency. Aside from their well-known lipid-lowering capacities, statins exert pleiotropic ...
Cross J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Endovascular technology has advanced rapidly in the development of fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR). Current evidence for endovascular aneurysm repair is limited to infra-renal aortic aneurysms. With increased costs and complexity of FEVAR, its current role is unclear. A national multicentre, cross-disciplinary consensus model was developed to propose indications ...
Kung David K - - 2012
Background. Coil and stent migration is a potentially catastrophic complication in endovascular neurosurgery, which may lead to cerebral thromboembolism. Techniques for removing migrated coil and stent are not well established. Methods and Results. We present three cases in which coil or stent migration occurred during endovascular embolization of a cerebral ...
Frisbie J H - - 2012
Qualitative systematic review. To examine the validity of the prevailing notion that pulmonary embolism (PE) is rare in the chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) population. USA. Review surveys of adult SCI subjects >2 months after injury in which PE has been looked for and its prevalence estimated. A total of ...
Pate G - - 2011
A survey was conducted of medication administered during radial artery cannulation for coronary angiography in 2009 in Ireland; responses were obtained for 15 of 20 centres, in 5 of which no radial access procedures were undertaken. All 10 (100%) centres which provided data used heparin and one or more anti-spasmodics; ...
Khan Imtiaz R - - 2011
Phlegmasia cerulea dolens is a rare condition in which an extensive deep venous thrombus can partially or completely occlude venous outflow from the affected extremity. Clinical presentation is typically characterized by extremity edema, cyanosis, and pain. This condition is associated with a high rate of extremity amputation and mortality. Although ...
Liao Hsiu-Rong - - 2011
We report a rare malposition of a central venous catheter in a liver transplantation patient which occurred during an intensive care period. The waveform of central venous pressure was aberrant after connecting the catheter to the pressure kit transducer. It was misplaced into left internal mammary vein confirmed by thoracic ...
Hernandez Carlos Martinez - - 2011
We present a patient with an accidental self-inflicted stab wound to his right thigh in whom three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound was able to find two communications between the right femoral artery and the femoral vein, in contrast to two-dimensional (2D) peripheral ultrasound which could find only one communication between them, thereby ...
Eriksson Mats-Ola - - 2011
Background Careful pre-, intra- and postoperative diagnostics in endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic pathology is crucial for a favourable outcome. Computer tomography (CT) and digitally subtracted angiography (DSA) do not always provide sufficient diagnostic information. Purpose To report our primary experiences of using intraluminal phased-array imaging (IPAI) as an additive ...
Stein Andreas - - 2011
The report is on a 49-year-old patient who experienced life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias caused by a pacemaker lead that was abandoned 26 years ago, migrated with its proximal ending to the main pulmonary artery and remained there asymptomatically for at least 3 years.
Pontone Gianluca - - 2011
We report the case of an asymptomatic 67-year-old man with positive ECG stress testing in whom low-dose multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) demonstrated a large aneurysm associated with critical stenoses of the mid left anterior descending coronary artery. A detailed anatomical depiction of this complex coronary lesion was obtained with MDCT ...
Clevert D A - - 2011
Carotid duplex ultrasound is the standard of care for the initial diagnosis of carotid artery bifurcation diseases. But in difficult examinations, carotid abnormalities are commonly encountered and may represent a diagnostic challenge in patients with clinical symptoms as well as in the follow up after carotid endarterectomy or carotid artery ...
Sachdeva Rajesh - - 2011
This case illustrates that fractional flow reserve (FFR) in addition to the severity and length of the coronary stenosis is critically dependent on the extent of viable myocardium perfused. In the presented case, the left anterior descending artery (LAD) that had modest angiographic stenosis supplied collaterals to the entire left ...
Davis Melissa F - - 2011
Using a rodent model of ischemia (permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion), our laboratory previously demonstrated that 4.27 minutes of patterned single-whisker stimulation delivered over 120 minutes can fully protect from impending damage when initiated within 2 hours of permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion ("early"). When initiated 3 hours postpermanent middle ...
Coppi Francesca - - 2011
Coronary artery anomalies are identified in approximately 1% of patients who undergo angiography; among these, circumflex branch agenesis represents 0.003%. A 38-year-old woman was brought to our emergency department with clinical findings suggestive of acute myocardial infarction. Absence of circumflex branch was reported during angiography. Further analysis showed great vessel ...
Tan M - - 2011
See also Tan M, Velthuis SI, Westerbeek RE, van Rooden CJ, van der Meer FJ, Huisman MV. High percentage of non-diagnostic compression ultrasonography results and the diagnosis of ipsilateral recurrent proximal deep vein thrombosis. J Thromb Haemost 2010; 8: 848-50; Hassen S, Barrellier MT, Seinturier C, Bosson JL, Genty C, ...
Lee Chih-Chia - - 2011
We report an unusual case of spontaneous coronary artery dissection in a 59-year-old patient with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease who presented with mild intermittent chest discomfort during hiking. Coronary computed tomography angiography revealed an unexpected dissection flap in the left main coronary artery extending to the proximal part of ...
Ramankutty Rajesh - - 2011
Abstract  Left main coronary artery aneurysm is a rare condition that presents as a potential surgical challenge due to its location. We present a case of successful repair of a posterior saccular aneurysm of the left main coronary artery by aneurysm exclusion, afferent and efferent ligation with coronary artery bypass ...
Huckstorf Katarina - - 2011
The phylogenetic position of Euphausiacea within Malacostraca is still under debate. Either they are seen as sister group to a taxon comprising Pancarida and Peracarida or closer related to Decapoda. Both hypotheses can be supported by characters of the circulatory system. Therefore, a comparative re-evaluation of the circulatory system seems ...
Gargani Luna - - 2011
For many years the lung has been considered off-limits for ultrasound. However, it has been recently shown that lung ultrasound (LUS) may represent a useful tool for the evaluation of many pulmonary conditions in cardiovascular disease. The main application of LUS for the cardiologist is the assessment of B-lines. B-lines ...
Eyding J - - 2010
Atherosclerotic alterations of the internal carotid artery frequently result in ischemic stroke. However, it remains unclear which specific factor mainly causes an increased risk of stroke. Constant improvements of the diagnostic possibilities of ultrasonic examinations provide increasingly profound insight into plaque alterations. If "risk plaque" could be reliably identified, the ...
Sánchez-Recalde Angel - - 2010
Very late thrombosis in an implanted bare-metal stent is a very uncommon event outside the context of brachytherapy and few data about its pathophysiology are available. We performed an intravascular ultrasound study during primary angioplasty in five patients with very late bare-metal stent thrombosis and carried out a histological analysis ...
Hayashida Kyoko - - 2010
A 74-year-old woman with exertional angina was diagnosed with occlusion of the left coronary ostium associated with a rudimentary aortic valve cusp. A transesophageal echocardiogram, a multi-detector computed tomographic scan, and a coronary angiographic scan revealed the rudimentary aortic cusp covering the small left coronary aortic sinus leading to occlusion ...
Sarno Giovanna - - 2010
The purpose of this study was to compare the performance of both conventional quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) and the dedicated three branch QCA model for bifurcations in the prediction of a functionally significant lesion according to fractional flow reserve (FFR) in patients with bifurcation lesions. Twenty patients with bifurcation lesions ...
Monopoli Daniel E - - 2011
Double-arterial coronary stent thrombosis in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is an infrequent but severe complication, especially when the third main coronary artery is chronically occluded. The conus artery (CA) can serve as a major source of collateral when the left anterior descendent coronary artery (LAD) becomes obstructed. We report a ...
Paraskevas P - - 2011
Pelvic varicose veins secondary to ovarian vein reflux are common and can present with clinical pelvic congestion syndrome (PCS). After assessment with duplex ultrasound and venography, treatment often involves surgical ovarian vein ligation and more recently embolization of the ovarian vein(s) followed by ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (UGFS) of the pelvic ...
Nakayama Yuki - - 2011
We describe a rare case of surgical repair of a coronary artery aneurysm with arteriosclerotic changes accompanied by coronary arteriovenous fistula (CAVF) after 26 years of conservative therapy. A 71-year-old woman, diagnosed with CAVF 26 years previously, was admitted to our hospital for general fatigue and dyspnea on exertion. Physical examinations revealed ...
Attaran Robert R - - 2010
Following aortic valve replacement (AVR) and a single vessel bypass (SVG) to the left-anterior descending artery (LAD), the patient had a non-ST segment myocardial infarction with graft occlusion and underwent left internal mammary artery (LIMA) to SVG to LAD. When we evaluated her at our institution for ischemic symptoms, we ...
Hussein Hesham - - 2010
Trifurcation lesions, especially around the left main coronary artery (LMCA), are occasionally encountered. Complex lesions, involving the bifurcation or the trifurcation of the unprotected LMCA, represent a real challenge for interventional cardiologists. Trifurcation lesions intervention reported to have high overall major adverse cardiovascular events, and require the use of various ...
Simmons Ashley - - 2010
Dynamic compression of the left main coronary artery during systole is extremely rare. We report a case of a 29-year old female who presented with shortness of breath and chest pain with exertion. She had a history of congenital pulmonic stenosis and had a pulmonary valve resection at age 2. ...
Capodanno Davide - - 2011
Several studies have produced estimates of the outcome of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the field of left main (LM) coronary artery disease, but no research has been found that surveyed the issue of a comprehensive knowledge of LM anatomy and assessed the impact of different anatomic phenotypes on the ...
Toh E-L - - 2010
Transanal haemorrhoidal dearterialisation is a non-excisional surgical method for the treatment of haemorrhoidal disease. It uses a Doppler ultrasound probe to accurately identify the site to suture-ligate the piles, resulting in a decrease in the arterial inflow to the piles and their subsequent regression. A total of 140 consecutive patients ...
de Groot Daphne - - 2011
Therapeutic stimulation of collateral artery growth is a promising approach for treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Unfortunately, translation into clinical practice yet remains cumbersome. Cardiovascular physiology and anatomy are major determinants of vascular growth processes. Hence, large-animal models are needed to improve clinical translatability of preclinical research. Furthermore, acute complete occlusions ...
Lee Michael S - - 2010
Extrinsic compression of the left main coronary artery by an enlarged pulmonary artery is an increasingly recognized and potentially reversible cause of angina and left ventricular dysfunction in patients with pulmonary hypertension. The diagnosis of extrinsic left main coronary artery compression requires a high index of suspicion and should be ...
Suzuki Makoto - - 2010
As one of the great breakthrough techniques in the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for the chronic total occlusions of coronary arteries, the controlled antegrade and retrograde subintimal tracking, so called the "CART" technique, has been developed. We present a first case in whom CTO of the mid LAD coronary artery ...
Ozmen Namik - - 2010
Background: Exercise treadmill testing (ETT) is the most widely used method for evaluating patients with coronary artery disease. Predicting the left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease before invasive procedures is very important in risk assessment because of its severe clinical outcome. Aim: To examine whether ST elevation in lead aVR ...
Trost Biana - - 2010
The prevalence of coronary anomalies is about 1.3% among patients who undergo coronary angiography. Although the majority of coronary artery anomalies are incidental findings and are not clinically significant, the interarterial course between the great vessels of the aberrant artery may be responsible for syncope, angina, arrhythmias or sudden death. ...
Watanabe Yoshinori - - 2010
A 74-year-old female patient with left main trunk (LMT) and triple vessel disease underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. The patient began to experience exertional dyspnea. A coronary artery angiogram confirmed a severe stenosis in the proximal side of the saphenous vein graft (SVG). The patient had impending infarction ...
Fazliogullari Z - - 2010
This study examined the routes and variations of the left coronary artery (LCA), the right coronary artery (RCA), and their branches, as well as the frequency of a median artery in cadaver hearts. The hearts of 50 adult Turkish cadavers from various centres were dissected. The LCAs branched out of ...
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