Search Results
Results 401 - 450 of 1537
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >
Lanjewar Charan - - 2007
Aortoarteritis presenting with isolated bilateral coronary artery ostial stenosis is a serious but rare condition. This letter emphasizes on a very atypical presentation of aortoarteritis and also distinct but unusual form of angiographic findings involving total occlusion of left main coronary artery from the ostium and tight ostial right coronary ...
Ariyarajah Vignendra - - 2007
Interatrial block (IAB), denoted by P waves > or =110 ms, is believed to be associated with underlying ischemia, particularly with that of its principal interatrial conduction pathway, the Bachmann bundle. We investigated if there is an angiographic association of IAB on electrocardiograms at rest in patients who underwent cardiac ...
Watanabe Toshiki - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate our newly developed 3-dimensional digital motion-capture and reconstruction system in an animal experiment setting and to characterize quantitatively the three regional cardiac surface motions, in the left anterior descending artery, right coronary artery, and left circumflex artery, before and after stabilization using a stabilizer. ...
Bouchot Olivier - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of the novel reversible thermosensitive gel poloxamer 407 for occlusion of the coronary vessel necessary for minimally invasive operations and its effects on coronary endothelium. METHODS: Domestic swine were submitted to occlusion of the left anterior descending or right ...
Fuzellier Jean-François - - 2006
Mediastinal irradiation can induce coronary artery disease characterized by the localization of lesions at the proximal segment of the arteries. We report the case of a 17-year-old patient who underwent a mediastinal irradiation for pulmonary sarcoma and developed 15 years later an asymptomatic ischemic cardiopathy. Bilateral coronary ostial stenosis was ...
de Man Karen - - 2006
Acute occlusion of the left main coronary artery frequently causes cardiogenic shock and, when this occurs with an initial TIMI 0 flow, has an extremely poor prognosis. The use of a bifurcation system has not been described previously in this situation but has advantages that may result in a simpler ...
Pérez-Sanz Teresa M - - 2006
We report a case of a patient who was admitted to our hospital complaining of angina pectoris. On auscultation, a systolic ejection murmur was heard at the right upper sternal border. Transthoracic echocardiography displayed regional wall motion abnormalities and detected a mobile mass in the left ventricular outflow tract, causing ...
Kacila Mirsad - - 2006
Coronary artery aneurysms (CAAs) are rare and their management is controversial. Their incidence varies from 1,5% to 5% of the coronary angiographies, with predilection of the right coronary artery. Unruptured coronary aneurysms are often silent and may remain undiagnosed. The etiology can be either congenital or acquired. We describe a ...
Kosar Feridun - - 2006
Double left anterior descending coronary artery originating from the left and right coronaries is an extremely rare coronary artery anomaly. In the present report, an unusual case with double left anterior descending coronary artery arising from the left and right coronary arteries is described. To our knowledge, only a few ...
Muto Mitsuru - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of beta1-selective blocker on coronary vasospasm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Balloon epicardial coronary artery endothelial denudation was performed at the left anterior descending coronary artery every 2 weeks for a total of 4 times in pigs. Changes in denuded site ...
Pflederer Tobias - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Optimal stent deployment in coronary artery bifurcations requires information about the angle between main vessel and side branch. We evaluated the accuracy and interobserver variability of bifurcation angle measurements by contrast-enhanced 16-slice multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in comparison with invasive angiography and examined the average angles of 4 main ...
Momen Afsana - - 2007
In animal studies, sympathetically mediated coronary vasoconstriction has been demonstrated during exercise. Human studies examining coronary artery dynamics during exercise are technically difficult to perform. Recently, noninvasive transthoracic Duplex ultrasound studies demonstrated that 1) patients with left internal mammary artery (LIMA) grafts to the left anterior descending artery can be ...
Meraj Perwaiz M - - 2007
Coronary artery aneurysm is an uncommon finding. It is defined as a dilated coronary artery which exceeds the diameter of the normal adjacent vessel by 1.5-2 times. Although theorized mechanisms include atherosclerotic coronary artery disease (CAD) and iatrogenic causes such as the use of percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), the natural ...
Greig Lynn D - - 2007
A 31-year-old female smoker on the combined oral contraceptive pill presented late with an anterior myocardial infarction. At emergency coronary angiography she was found to have a coronary artery thrombus occluding the left anterior descending artery, with no other coronary artery disease. Subsequent saline bubble contrast echocardiography revealed a patent ...
Tuncer Cemal - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: To present the clinical and angiographic properties of the left anterior descending artery anomalies. BACKGROUND: Coronary artery anomalies are discovered in less than 1% of angiography series. Since the number of angiographies and coronary bypass operations are increasing significantly every day, these anomalies are of clinical importance. However, data ...
Clauss Sarah B - - 2006
Abnormal patterning of coronary arteries (CAs) is a clinically significant problem, and as yet, few animal models have been systematically investigated for coronary patterning defects. Here we characterized coronary artery (CA) insertion and branching patterns of the proximal coronary stems in the hearts of wildtype and heterozygous connexin43 knockout (Cx43alpha1 ...
Chatzizisis Yiannis S - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The geometrically correct three-dimensional reconstruction of human coronary arteries by integrating intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) and biplane angiography constitutes a promising imaging method for coronaries with broad clinical potential. The determinants of the accuracy of the method, however, have not been investigated before. METHODS: In total, 17 arterial segments (right ...
Arteaga Roque B - - 2006
Single coronary ostium is a very rare congenital anomaly with an incidence of 0.024% in angiographic series. This is the third case of Shirani-Roberts subtype IB4: solitary ostium in the left coronary sinus associated with a retroaortic-coursing right coronary artery that arises from the left main coronary artery. The patient ...
Fujii Hiromichi - - 2006
Coronary angiography (CAG) of a 57-year-old woman with anterior chest discomfort revealed no stenosis of the coronary arteries but multiple coronary artery fistulas (CAFs). The sites of origin for the CAFs were the right coronary artery, left main coronary artery, left anterior descending coronary artery, and ascending aorta. The only ...
Imren Y - - 2006
Coronary artery aneurysms may predispose to acute thrombosis, embolisation and myocardial ischaemia or rupture with subsequent tamponade and/or sudden death. The optimal therapy for patients with coronary artery aneurysm is unknown, and controversy persists regarding the use of medical or surgical modalities. There is no doubt that surgical therapy is ...
Wykrzykowska Joanna J - - 2006
Iatrogenic aortocoronary dissection is a rare but devastating complication of percutaneous coronary interventions and cardiac surgery, with a mortality rate up to 35%. Of the type-A dissections in the International Registry of Aortic Dissections (IRAD), 27% were caused by coronary interventions. The mechanism involves an initial dissection in the coronary ...
Takagi Tsutomu - - 2006
To evaluate the usefulness of adenosine triphosphate stress strain imaging for detecting significant coronary artery disease in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), 34 patients underwent coronary flow velocity reserve measurement in the distal LAD and adenosine triphosphate stress strain imaging simultaneously. Time to peak strain (TPS) was measured ...
Sato Yuichi - - 2007
Whole heart coronary magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) was performed in a 57-year-old man with a provisional diagnosis coronary artery aneurysm due to Kawasaki disease. MRA revealed aneurysms in the left anterior descending artery and the left circumflex artery. It also revealed stenosis in the left anterior descending artery and occlusion ...
Gavrielatos Gerasimos - - 2006
Persistent intercoronary communications, forming the so-called open ended coronary circulation pattern, are rare findings of coronary angiography. A case of intercoronary connection between the left anterior descending artery (LAD) and the right coronary artery (RCA), with an obstructive lesion, and no evidence of myocardial infarction is presented. This is an ...
Dogan Sait Mesut - - 2006
We present the case of a patient in anomalous origin of the left anterior descending coronary artery that caused myocardial ischemia and led to positive myocardial scintigraphic results. Coronary angiography showed that the left anterior descending coronary artery arose from the right coronary ostium-an anomaly that has been associated with ...
Aras Dursan - - 2006
Extracardiac collaterals generally from bronchial and internal thoracic arteries to coronary circulation have been described in the literature. In this report, we present a case of 59-year-old male patient with collaterals from the left internal thoracic artery to the left anterior descending artery developed after coronary artery bypass grafting and ...
Turkoglu Sedat - - 2006
We present the case of a 67-year-old female who was admitted to our institution because of anginal chest pain. Selective coronary angiography revealed separate ostial origins of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery and the right coronary artery (RCA) from the right coronary sinus (RCS). The left circumflex (LCx) coronary ...
Loukas Marios - - 2006
Myocardial bridging is recognized as an anatomical variation of the human coronary circulation in which an epicardial artery lies in the myocardium for part of its course. Thus, the vessel is 'bridged' by myocardium. The anterior interventricular branch of the left coronary artery has been reported as the most common ...
Papafaklis Michail I - - 2007
We report for the first time a real three-dimensional reconstruction of the left main coronary artery, left main bifurcation, left anterior descending coronary artery and left circumflex coronary artery using biplane angiography and intravascular ultrasound imaging in a patient with a proximal stenosis in the left anterior descending coronary artery. ...
Iwata Shinichi - - 2006
We evaluated the influence of collateral circulation on a donor left anterior descending artery and an appropriate cut-off value of coronary flow velocity reserve for the diagnosis of significant donor left anterior descending artery stenosis. Measurement of coronary flow velocity reserve by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography provides noninvasive assessment of significant ...
Nakamura Michitsugu - - 2006
Coronary artery fistulas (CAF) are a rare anomaly in which there is communication between a coronary artery and a cardiac chamber or another vascular structure. A giant congenital CAF to the left brachial vein was identified clearly by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in an 84-year-old woman who presented with orthopnea ...
Garbade Jens - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Intraoperative application of thermal coronary angiography based on dynamic infrared imaging leads to useful qualitative information concerning coronary artery bypass graft flow and anatomy. Additional quantitative flow estimation is desirable to detect graft failures. The aim of this study was to develop a heat-transfer model for quantitative flow estimation ...
Chang Hyun H Division of Cardiology, Yonsei Cardiovascular Center, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2006
Essential thrombocythemia (ET) is a clonal disorder of myeloid stem cells that causes thrombocytosis. As a result, ET can lead to vascular thrombosis and tissue ischemia; the association of coronary artery abnormalities such as myocardial infarction or unstable angina is rare. Here we describe a 45,-year-old male patient with essential ...
Pizzuto Francesco - - 2006
The measurement of collateral flow reserve (CFR; the hyperemic/baseline collateral flow velocity ratio) in patients with chronic total coronary occlusion requires invasive and expensive techniques. Noninvasive transthoracic coronary Doppler echocardiography may be an alternative option. Fifty-one patients with chronic total coronary occlusion were evaluated by transthoracic coronary Doppler echocardiography and ...
Drexler E S - - 2007
Results of comparative tests on pulmonary arteries from untreated Long-Evans rats are presented from three sections of the artery: the trunk, and the right and left main extrapulmonary arteries. Analyses were conducted looking for mechanical differences between the flow (longitudinal) and circumferential directions, between the right and left main arteries, ...
Szpinda M - - 2006
The anterior tibial artery is of great clinical relevance to vascular infrapopliteal surgery. The sources (origins), length and luminal diameter of the anterior tibial artery in 46 men and 30 women with Lerich syndrome were studied by means of radiological and digital methods. The results obtained were described by two-way ...
Kosar Feridun - - 2006
Coronary artery anomaly has been reported at a rate of 0.6% to 1.3% in routine angiographic series. Moreover, single coronary artery is one of the rarest anomalies among coronary anomalies. Eventhough patients with coronary anomalies are usually asymptomatic, they may also be associated with myocardial ischemia, ventricular fibrillation, syncope, congestive ...
Rasche Volker - - 2006
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Three-dimensional high-spatial-resolution angiograms of the coronary arteries were acquired with an electrocardiogram-gated three-dimensional rotational angiography technique on an interventional X-ray system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During selective injection of contrast material in the left and right coronary artery, projection images were obtained in eight pigs during a continuous ...
Tanriverdi Halil - - 2006
Coronary artery fistula is a rare heart defect found in approximately 0.2% of the adult population undergoing coronary angiography. The diagnosis is usually made by aortography and selective coronary angiography. We report here an adult patient with rheumatic mitral stenosis and left anterior descending coronary artery and pulmonary conus branch ...
Vassiliades Thomas A TA - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: We sought to demonstrate the safety and feasibility of an integrated coronary revascularization strategy that combines minimally invasive left internal thoracic artery to left anterior descending coronary artery anastomosis with drug-eluting stent implantation to non-left anterior descending coronary artery lesions. METHODS: Over 18 months, 47 consecutive patients with multivessel ...
Frey Bret W - - 2006
We describe the case of a 38-year-old woman who presented with a chief complaint of chest heaviness approximately 2 weeks postpartum. She was otherwise healthy with no cardiac risk factors. Coronary angiography revealed a spiral dissection of the left main coronary artery that extended to the left anterior descending coronary ...
Jiménez-Navarro Manuel F - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Calculation of myocardial fractional flow reserve (FFR) enables coronary stenoses to be evaluated. OBJECTIVES: We determined the usefulness of measuring the FFR in multivessel coronary artery disease, reflected in changes in the therapeutic options for patients with moderate coronary stenosis. METHODS: We studied 38 patients (30 men, 8 women; ...
Funabashi Nobusada - - 2007
PURPOSE: To exclusively enhance the left side of the heart by a small amount of contrast material (CM) using rapid acquisition of multislice computed tomography (MSCT) with a 64-data acquisition system (DAS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty consecutive subjects underwent MSCT (Light Speed VCT, GE) with 0.625mm slice thickness to evaluate ...
Satran Aaron - - 2006
We describe a 41-year-old woman with no cardiac risk factors, typical exertional angina and an abnormal noninvasive stress test. Coronary angiography demonstrated an ambiguous left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) demonstrated no atheroma, but the minimum lumen diameter and area of the ostial LMCA were significantly reduced. ...
Udyavar Ameya R - - 2006
Patients with concomitant carotid and left main or left main equivalent coronary artery disease are at high risk of both cardiac and cerebrovascular complications when they undergo revascularization procedures. Here, we present case reports of three patients who successfully underwent elective carotid stenting prior to coronary artery bypass surgery. Any ...
Ishizawa Akimitsu - - 2006
In dissection courses conducted from 1999 through to 2003, five specimens were found to have coronary arteries with variant roots and branches, as follows: in specimens 1-4, roots of the right coronary artery (RCA) and right conus branch arose independently from the right aortic sinus (RAS); in specimen 5, the ...
Botman Cornelis J - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Direct surgical angioplasty of the left main coronary artery is aimed to restore a more physiologic flow of the left coronary artery compared with conventional coronary artery bypass graft surgery and allows subsequent percutaneous coronary interventions of more distal coronary lesions if necessary. Relatively little data are known about ...
Shechter Guy - - 2006
This paper presents measurements of three-dimensional (3-D) displacements and velocities of the coronary arteries due to the myocardial beating motion and due to breathing. Data were acquired by reconstructing the coronary arteries and their motion from biplane angiograms in 10 patients. A parametric motion model was used to separate the ...
Liu Ju-Chi - - 2006
A 78-year-old woman presented with acute myocardial infarction, anterior wall, Killip III, with congestive heart failure. The finding of coronary angiographic examination was multiple congenital coronary artery fistulas with a huge aneurysm, with fistulas originating from both the right coronary artery and left anterior descending artery. The patient received surgery ...
Anania A - - 2006
Since the advent of coronary angiography, coronary artery aneurysm has been diagnosed with increased frequency. The etiology of coronary artery aneurysm is atherosclerosis in 50%, followed by other causes. In a 71-year-old man with previously documented abdominal aortic aneurysm of 6 cm diameter and ectasia of both left and right ...
< 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 >