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Results 251 - 300 of 1543
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Byrne John G - - 2008
A hybrid strategy combines the treatments traditionally available only in the catheterization laboratory with those traditionally available only in the operating room to offer patients the best available therapies for any given set of cardiovascular lesions. Examples include hybrid coronary revascularization (coronary artery bypass grafting [CABG]/percutaneous coronary intervention [PCI]) wherein ...
Wu Eugene B - - 2008
We report on three cases of left main stem thrombosis complicating percutaneous coronary angioplasty. We focused on the issue of dealing with emboli in the non-culprit vessel, as embolism in the "virgin" vessel is often associated with severe cardiogenic shock. We describe the use of a FilterWire technique to protect ...
Pejković B - - 2008
Classic anatomical dissection of 150 heart specimens from adults aged 18 - 80 years was performed. Anatomical variations were studied in: (i) the position of the ostium of the left coronary artery; (ii) the angle between the proximal segment of the left coronary artery and the longitudinal axis of the ...
Vasheghani-Farahani Ali - - 2008
The association between coronary arterial dominance patterns and the coronary artery diameter, length, and valvular heart diseases were previously studied. However, its association with coronary artery disease (CAD) is unclear. We investigated to determine whether the extent and localization of CAD differ in right, left, or codominant coronary arterial patterns. ...
Jung Christian - - 2009
High-risk percutaneous procedures are necessary in patients with contraindications to surgery in whom the inherent risk of the underlying disease is very high. Circulatory support may be provided with an intra-aortic balloon pump. If active cardiac support is required different devices have been successfully used. We report the case of ...
Lee Jae-Hwan - - 2010
Though atherosclerotic obstruction is the major cause of the obstructive left main coronary artery (LMCA) disease, it can be associated with iatrogenic dissection during coronary angiography. Here we report a case with severe LMCA stenosis due to catheter induced dissection in a 77-year-old man which was detected 9 months later. ...
Schoen S P - - 2008
A previously healthy 46-year-old male presented to our emergency department with severe thoracic pain, dyspnea and vomiting, which had suddenly started 2 hours before. He had no history of unusual features and no cardiovascular risk factors. The 12-lead electrocardiogram indicated a posterolateral myocardial infarction. Immediate coronary catheterization revealed occlusion of ...
Prabhu Anil D - - 2008
Most patients with diffuse coronary disease require endarterectomy for revascularization. In view of the high morbidity and mortality associated with coronary endarterectomy, patch angioplasty and reconstruction of the coronary artery was developed. We retrospectively evaluated 104 patients who underwent mammary artery patch angioplasty of the left anterior descending coronary artery. ...
Okamoto Kazuma - - 2008
We performed surgical repair of a giant left coronary ostial aneurysm after aortic root replacement using composite valve graft (modified Bentall procedure) in a patient with Marfan syndrome. Aneurysmal formation in the left main stem itself is very rare. In order to avoid mobilizing the coronary ostium from severe adhesions ...
Cini Roberto - - 2008
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare and generally fatal disease. A review of the literature demonstrates that the aetiopathogenesis of the disease is unknown and that the histology is rarely described. It usually occurs in young women during the post-partum period or while taking oral contraceptives. The treatment depends ...
Kharrat Ilyes - - 2008
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) has established itself as a first-line therapy for the curative treatment of many patients with supraventricular or atrioventricular tachycardias and has exhibited a generally low incidence of serious sequelae (N Engl J Med. 1991;324:1612; Lancet. 1991;337:1557). Coronary artery injury is a rare complication. We present a patient ...
Namboodiri Narayanan - - 2008
Dual left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) distribution with either of the vessels originating from the left main coronary artery (LMCA) and the right aortic sinus of Valsalva is an extremely rare coronary artery anomaly. Here we discuss a 45-year-old male who presented with non-ST-elevation anterior wall myocardial infarction due ...
Husmann Lars - - 2008
In a 66-year-old patient with prolonged episodes of chest pain, catheter angiography revealed total occlusions of the right coronary artery and the distal circumflex artery (CX) as well as 2 sequential significant stenoses in the proximal CX and one significant stenosis in the proximal left anterior descending artery (LAD). To ...
Anselmino Matteo - - 2008
Trifurcating coronary artery disease is a complex atherosclerotic process involving the origin of one or more of three side branches arising from a left main coronary artery. With the emergence of drug-eluting stents, interventional cardiologists have become more aggressive in treating this kind of complex diseases, also in patients with ...
Ginghina Carmen - - 2008
Dilatation of the pulmonary artery may lead to the compression of adjacent structures. Of those, the extrinsic compression of the left main coronary artery is the most worrisome. We present the case of a 48-year-old woman who was diagnosed with pulmonary artery dilatation due to severe, thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension. She ...
Le Huy - - 2008
The determination of regional myocardial mass at risk distal to a coronary occlusion provides valuable prognostic information for a patient with coronary artery disease. The coronary arterial system follows a design rule which allows for the use of arterial branch length and lumen volume to estimate regional myocardial mass at ...
Zhu Hui - - 2009
The non-uniform distribution of atherosclerosis in the human vasculature suggests that local fluid dynamics or wall mechanics may be involved in atherogenesis. Thus certain aspects of vascular geometry, which mediates both fluid dynamics and wall mechanics, might be risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis. Cataloguing the geometry of normal human coronary ...
Saito Takahiko - - 2009
Left main coronary artery atresia is an extremely rare disease. Differential diagnosis of left main coronary artery atresia from atherosclerotic occlusion of left main coronary artery is difficult even if performing invasive coronary angiography. We present a case of a 48-year-old male with left main coronary artery atresia. Echocardiography showed ...
Biswas D - - 2009
OBJECTIVE: We present a rare and clinically relevant anomaly of the sphenopalatine artery in relation to its blood supply of the nasal mucosa, with implications for the management of epistaxis. METHOD: Case report and review of the world literature, using Medline through Pub Med (1950-2005), EMBASE (1980-2005) and Ovid (1958-2005), ...
Wei Jia-Perng Jennifer - - 2008
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare cause of acute myocardial infarction and sudden death. It typically, but not always, occurs in healthy postpartum women without traditional risk factors for atherosclerosis. Moreover, the site of dissection usually involves the proximal, major coronary arteries: left main coronary artery and/or the left ...
White Anthony J - - 2008
The purpose of this study was to compare outcomes for drug-eluting stents (DES) and coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery in patients with unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) stenosis. Expert guidelines recommend coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery for the treatment of significant stenosis of the unprotected left main ...
Prashanth Panduranga - - 2008
The occurrence of a single coronary artery (SCA) is rare in the absence of other associated anomalies of the heart and is often detected incidentally during coronary angiography. This anomaly is usually benign and various types of SCA have been described. We report a rare type of SCA originating from ...
Matsubayashi Keiji - - 2008
Giant coronary artery aneurysm is quite rare and the corresponding surgical strategy is difficult to standardize. We present the case of a patient with giant coronary aneurysm involving the left main coronary artery who underwent an aneurysmectomy and coronary artery reconstruction with direct suture of the coronary vessels. Because of ...
Vizzardi E - - 2008
Congenital coronary artery fistulas (CAFs) are rare. Some patients develop symptoms of congestive heart failure secondary to a large left-to-right shunt or myocardial ischemia from coronary artery steal in the first few years after birth. After the second decade the frequency of symptoms and complications increase. We report a case ...
Kelly Robert V - - 2008
The effect of the contrast agent iohexol on reference vessel size in patients with proximal left anterior descending disease is unknown. Quantitative coronary angiography and intravascular ultrasound were performed in 15 patients with atherosclerotic disease of the proximal left anterior descending. Mean proximal reference vessel diameter was 2.95 +/- 0.59 ...
Lilli Alessio - - 2009
Coronary artery vasospasm rarely appears as a diffuse phenomenon that involves all the coronary tree. We present a clinical case of acute myocardial infarction complicated by ventricular fibrillation and cardiogenic shock. Urgent coronary angiography showed occlusion of proximal Circumflex coronary artery and a TIMI I flow in the left anterior ...
Hernandez Juan L - - 2008
A 6-month-old German shepherd dog was referred for evaluation of a cardiac murmur. Upon physical examination, the auscultated heart rate was 120 beats/min, and a grade IV/VI systolic heart murmur with a point of maximal intensity over the left heart base radiating up the neck was heard. The standard echocardiographic ...
Boshchenko Alla A - - 2009
AIMS: The aim of our study was to detect chronic total occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD), circumflex coronary artery (Cx), and right coronary artery (RCA) using transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in 110 consecutive patients who underwent coronary angiography for investigation of angina. METHODS AND RESULTS: Coronary blood ...
Poh Angeline C - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: To describe and characterize morphological characteristics of endocardial irregularities in the roof of the left atrium as seen on coronary CT angiography. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the left atrium in 50 consecutive coronary CT patients with multiplanar reformatting, volume rendering, and virtual endoscopy. RESULTS: Twenty-one of the 50 patients ...
Ortiz-Pérez José T - - 2008
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the correspondence between the coronary arterial anatomy and supplied myocardium based on the proposed American Heart Association 17-segment model. BACKGROUND: Standardized assignment of coronary arteries to specific myocardial segments is currently based on empirical assumptions. METHODS: A cardiac magnetic resonance study ...
Ballesteros L E - - 2008
The left coronary artery presents wide variability in its morphological expression. The purpose of this work was to determine the variations in the left coronary artery and those of its branches in heart samples taken from a group of 154 Colombian mixed-race people. Cadaveric coronary arteries were injected with synthetic ...
Wild Philipp S - - 2008
AIMS: Ultrasound differs procedurally from the established methods for non-invasive coronary visualization and is therefore an interesting alternative for non-invasive diagnostics. In this study, fragment reconstruction of coronary arteries by transesophageal echocardiography (FRC-TEE) was investigated for the first time in a patient population being evaluated for coronary angiography. METHODS AND ...
de Visser Randall N - - 2008
BACKGROUND: A 75-year-old male with a history of myocardial infarction and recent transient ischemic attack was referred to a cardiology clinic for preoperative evaluation before a cystectomy. Transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography revealed a mobile mass on the right coronary cusp of the aortic valve. Multislice CT demonstrated a significant narrowing ...
Saroli Tania - - 2008
There has traditionally been less concern regarding coronary anomalies with left-sided congenital heart lesions such as hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS)or Shone complex than with other lesions. However, coronary anomalies in this setting can profoundly affect surgical intervention, particularly when surgical repair involves the ascending aorta. We describe four patients ...
Just Pierre-Alexandre - - 2009
BACKGROUND: A 59-year-old male had a latent epicardial mass discovered at cardiovascular imaging during the assessment of an aortic murmur. RESULTS: The resected mass surrounded the left anterior descending coronary artery. It was a well-limited pericoronary cellular lesion. It was made of a mixture of polytypic plasma cells, lymphocytes with ...
Darabian Sirous - - 2009
In 258 patients with left main tract disease, the atherosclerotic risk factors were compared between patients with ostial and nonostial lesions of the left main coronary artery. Also, it was done for patients with ostial right coronary artery. Women were more likely to have ostial left main coronary artery and/or ...
Dounis George B - - 2009
The authors present the case of a healthy 40-year-old man who developed a myocardial infarction because of traumatic dissection of the left circumflex coronary artery following a fall from height. To our knowledge, this is the first time that a traumatic lesion of the left circumflex artery is being reported ...
Koster Nancy K - - 2009
In this report, the case of a 40-year-old patient with chronic total occlusion of the left main coronary artery is discussed. Total occlusion of the left main coronary artery is a rare finding at coronary angiography. When present, patients most often have extensive collateral circulation from the right coronary artery. ...
Chammas Elie - - 2008
In this article, myocardial perfusion in patients with a totally occluded left anterior descending artery reinjected by a normal right coronary artery is assessed using stress single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). In all, 20 patients, with a totally occluded left anterior descending artery reinjected by normal right coronary artery, ...
Ozer Necla - - 2008
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery (ALCAPA) is a rare congenital anomaly that is often referred to as Bland-White-Garland syndrome. Isolated anomalous origin of the left anterior descending (LAD) or circumflex arteries is even rarer. A 38-year-old woman presented with typical angina of about two-year ...
Aghasadeghi Kamran - - 2008
Differentiating coronary artery disease with left ventricular dysfunction from dilated cardiomyopathy is important prognostically and therapeutically. To provide a diagnostic algorithm to distinguish these conditions using a standard 12-lead electrocardiogram, all 105 patients with left ventricular ejection fraction < 50% who underwent angiography between January 2004 and December 2006 were ...
Caciolli Sabina - - 2008
A 55-year-old man experienced chest pain on the seventh day after valve surgery. Coronary angiography showed embolic occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. The lesion was treated successfully with thrombectomy using the angiojet rheolytic thrombectomy system, resulting in rapid mechanical thrombolysis and removal via the effluent lumen of ...
Tigen Kursat - - 2008
Interventionalists have many tools at their disposal for percutaneous revascularization and they all use every modality to restore flow. Sometimes they face challenging situations in the setting of acute coronary syndromes in which more than one strategy has to be used urgently. We are presenting a young male patient with ...
Lilli A - - 2008
We present a case report of a man with atherosclerotic involvement of a left main trifurcation treated by the Venture wire control catheter. The patient was submitted to primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in a primary center for acute occlusion of the left anterior descending artery, then he was ...
Toker Alper - - 2008
We describe a 37-year-old female patient who had a major vehicle accident 17 years ago. A chest tube had been inserted through the left side of the chest to treat pneumothorax. She was readmitted to the hospital with dyspnea 17 years later. Her examinations, including fiberoptic bronchoscopy, revealed total atelectasis ...
Hajek Petr - - 2009
A left main coronary artery thrombosis is a life-threatening condition demanding immediate therapeutic management. Traditional treatment options include thrombolysis, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with stenting or cardiac bypass surgery. The number of reported cases in which aspiration thrombectomy has been used is limited. Indications for this therapeutic approach are determined ...
Anjaneyulu Anne - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: We sought to demonstrate left main coronary artery (LM) stenosis by transthoracic echocardiography. BACKGROUND: Evaluation of LM stenosis was done mostly by transesophageal echocardiography in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: A total of 1456 patients with coronary artery disease were studied, of which 801 patients (55%) had adequate ...
Li Jian-jun - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Muscle fibers overlying the intramyocardial segment of an epicardial coronary artery are termed myocardial bridging (MB). Variable prevalence of MB has been described at autopsy and angiographic series with small and large sample size studies. In addition, no similar study was reported in Chinese population. The aim of this ...
Kappert Utz - - 2008
OBJECTIVE: Robotic totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass of the left anterior descending artery has been introduced in the clinical setting using a wrist-enhanced computer-assisted device to provide a minimally invasive therapeutic approach. Early clinical results were focused on the initial hospital course of patients. This report describes the first 5-year ...
Vieira T H M - - 2008
The interest in experimental use of coronary arteries of swine as a stage towards their application in human hearts justifies the need for obtaining a detailed anatomical understanding of those arteries, particularly to evaluate similarities and differences. However, we did not find any citations about anatomical indicators of coronary dominance ...
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