Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2026
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Mohammadi Siamak - - 2014
BackgroundWe sought to determine the early and long-term results of in-situ bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) grafting in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG).MethodsBetween 1992 and 2011, 16,364 patients underwent primary isolated CABG involving at least one in-situ IMA at our institution. Among these, 1,977 patients underwent in-situ ...
Pilt K K Department of Biomedical Engineering, Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, 19086 Tallinn, - - 2014
The aim of this research was to assess the validity of the photoplethysmographic (PPG) waveform index PPGAI for the estimation of increased arterial stiffness. For this purpose, PPG signals were recorded from 24 healthy subjects and from 20 type II diabetes patients. The recorded PPG signals were processed with the ...
Sibley Christopher T CT From the Department of Radiology and Imaging Sciences, National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (C.T.S., A.Z., A.C.K., E.B.T., D.A.B.), Laboratory of Host Defenses (T.E., P.B.S., A.K.R.S., H.L.M., K.A.Z., J.I.G.), Biostatistics Research Branch (C.-Y.H.), and Laboratory of Clinical Infectious Diseases (S.M.H.), National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (A.T.R.), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, - - 2014
Patients with chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) experience immunodeficiency because of defects in the phagocyte NADPH oxidase and the concomitant reduction in reactive oxygen intermediates. This may result in a reduction in atherosclerotic injury. We prospectively assessed the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, biomarkers of inflammation and neutrophil activation, and the ...
Gopal Deepa M DM Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Biomarkers of cardiovascular stress have been associated with incident cardiovascular outcomes. Their relations with measures of subclinical atherosclerosis, as assessed by carotid intima-media thickness, have not been well described. We measured plasma growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15), soluble ST2 (sST2), and high-sensitivity troponin I (hsTnI) in 3111 Framingham Offspring participants who ...
Benedik Jaroslav J Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, West-German Heart Center, University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg Essen, Essen, Germany - - 2014
A bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is commonly associated with aortic wall abnormalities, including dilatation of the ascending aorta and increased potential for aortic dissection. We compared the mechanical properties of the aortic wall of BAV patients with aortic valve stenosis (AS) and regurgitation (AR) using a dissectometer, a device mimicking ...
Narayan Pradeep P From the NH Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Sciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2014
Perioperative myocardial ischemia (PMI) is a relatively rare but potentially fatal complication after coronary artery bypass grafting and is due to graft-related problems in a significant proportion of cases. The usual indicators of MI in the postoperative setting are unreliable and therefore have uncertain diagnostic value. Angiography, the criterion standard ...
Futami K K From the Department of Neurosurgery (K.F.), Mattoh-Ishikawa Central Hospital, Ishikawa, Japan; and Departments of Neurosurgery (H.S., T.K., K.M., M.N., N.U.) and Radiology (F.U.), Kanazawa University School of Medicine, Ishikawa, Japan. - - 2014
Future aneurysmal behaviors or treatment outcomes of cerebral aneurysms may be related to the hemodynamics around the inflow zone. Here we investigated the influence of parent artery curvature on the inflow zone location of unruptured sidewall internal carotid artery aneurysms. In 32 aneurysms, the inflow zone location was decided by ...
Schäfers Hans-Joachim HJ Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Saarland University Medical Center, Homburg Saar, Germany; Xanit Hospital Internacional, Malaga, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
Root remodeling was proposed as valve-preserving root replacement to treat patients with aortic regurgitation and root aneurysm. The objective of this retrospective study was to review 18 years of experience with root remodeling and to identify predictors of valve durability. Between October 1995 and December 2013, root remodeling was performed ...
Aanerud Marianne M 1Department of Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital , Bergen , - - 2014
Abstract Background: Knowledge on factors associated with mortality can help identify patients with COPD that might benefit from close monitoring and intervention. Arterial blood gases (ABGs) are related to mortality, but both arterial tension of oxygen (PaO2) and arterial tension of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) vary over time. The aim of ...
Jones J J Division of Neurointerventional Radiology, Department of Radiological Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
Cerebral vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) results in significant morbidity due to ischemia. Subarachnoid hematoma evacuation during aneurysm clipping reduces the incidence of vasospasm. However, studies comparing endovascular coiling with open clipping have reported similar rates of spasm. We addressed the question of how coiling produces similar (if not ...
Lin Ning N Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, - - 2014
Utilization of the Pipeline embolization device (PED) in complex ruptured aneurysms has not been well studied. We evaluated the safety and effectiveness data from five participating US centers. Records of patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysms who underwent PED treatment between 2011 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. 26 patients with ruptured ...
Haussen Diogo C DC University of Miami Miller School of Medicine/Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, Florida, USA Harvard Medical School/Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Miami, Florida, - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate if vertebrobasilar anatomic variations impact reperfusion and outcome in intra-arterial therapy (IAT) for basilar artery occlusion (BAO). Consecutive BAO patients with symptom onset <24 h treated with IAT were included. Vertebral artery (VA) V3 and posterior communicating artery (PCoA) diameters were measured (CT angiography or MR angiography). ...
Thalji Nassir M NM Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, - - 2014
Clinicians may give greater consideration to medical management versus coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for coronary artery disease (CAD) at the time of aortic valve intervention. We evaluated the prognostic impact of revascularization strategy during aortic valve replacement (AVR). We studied 1308 consecutive patients with significant CAD (≥50% stenosis) undergoing ...
Löwenthal D D Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, University - - 2014
Purpose: An extensive analysis of the value of computed tomography (CT) parameters as potential predictors of the clinical outcome of type 2 endoleaks after endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR). Materials and Methods: Initial CT scans of 130 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) were retrospectively reviewed. On the basis of ...
Pan Xiang-Bin XB Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, National Center for Cardiovascular Disease, China and Fuwai Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, - - 2014
To evaluate a novel hybrid balloon valvuloplasty procedure for severe congenital valvular aortic stenosis in low-weight infants, performed through the ascending aorta via median sternotomy. Eighteen infants (<90 days of age) with severe congenital aortic stenosis were included in this study. Hybrid balloon valvuloplasty procedures were performed in a hybrid ...
Haberal Ismail I Ismail Haberal, Deniz Ozsoy, Ege Sipahi, Murat Mert, Department of Cardiovasculary Surgery, Cardiology Institute, Istanbul University, 34116 Istanbul, - - 2014
A 75-year-old male patient had stable angina pectoris. After coronary angiography we decided to perform a coronary artery bypass graft surgery. Twenty years ago the patient underwent radical cystectomy and bilateral ureterosigmoidostomy because of bladder cancer. After that, his micturition was via the rectum. We did not experience that before. ...
Shimogawa Takafumi T Takafumi Shimogawa, Takato Morioka, Tetsuro Sayama, Takeshi Hamamura, Department of Neurosurgery, Kyushu Rosai Hospital, Fukuoka 800-0296, - - 2014
The champagne bottle neck (CBN) sign refers to a reduction in the diameter of the proximal portion of the internal carotid artery that resembles a CBN, and is a characteristic feature of Moyamoya disease. A 43-year-old woman with an infarction of the posterior limb of the left internal capsule was ...
Neufang Achim A Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, Johannes Gutenberg University School of Medicine, Mainz, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
Femorodistal autologous vein bypass proves to be the preferred surgical therapy for long arterial occlusions and provides excellent early and long-term results in critical lower limb ischemia. Whenever vein length was insufficient and two distal outflow arteries were present, a sequential composite bypass configuration was chosen with human umbilical vein ...
Lanza Gaetano G Department of Vascular Surgery, IRCCS MultiMedica Hospital, Castellanza, - - 2014
Background: A major debate in cerebrovascular medicine today is over the choice of the best treatment to implement for stenosis of the carotid artery. Carotid artery stenting is a less invasive technique than endarterectomy for the treatment of carotid stenosis, and is becoming more widely performed, particularly on patients with ...
Sebastianski Meghan M Epidemiology Coordinating and Research Centre, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada; Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, - - 2014
Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is strongly associated with coronary artery disease and poor outcomes after coronary revascularization. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that patients with PAD diagnosed by a low ankle-brachial index (ABI; ≤0.90) have more complex coronary artery disease and more myocardium at risk ...
Lee Jae-Seo JS Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Dental Science Institute, Chonnam National University, Republic of - - 2014
To investigate the association of carotid artery calcification (CAC) on panoramic radiographs and determine carotid artery atherosclerosis with ultrasonography. The study included 4050 subjects aged 50 years and older. Panoramic radiographs for the presence of CAC were interpreted. Common carotid artery intima-media thickness (CCA-IMT), carotid bulb IMT (CB-IMT), carotid plaques, ...
Chiesa R R Department of Vascular Surgery, Vita--Salute University, San Raffaele Scientific InstituteMilano, Italy - - - 2014
Reinterventions following previous ascending aorta and aortic arch repair are uncommon, but technically challenging and often burdened with high morbidity and mortality. The aim of this article is to present a single--Center experience in the treatment of this complex pathology, using different surgical approaches. Between 1999 and 2014, 17 patients ...
Hupkens Pieter P Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Radboud University Medical Center (Radboudumc), Geert Grooteplein 10, Nijmegen, The - - 2014
Despite increasing use of lateral lower leg perforator flaps, comprehensive anatomical data are still lacking. The aim of this article was to comprehensively document the pattern of usable lateral lower leg perforators. Systematic mapping of 16 cadaver leg perforators in a well-defined area was performed to elucidate location, course, length, ...
Ware Stephanie M SM Division of Human Genetics, and Division of Cardiology, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, Ohio - - 2014
Thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) is a genetically mediated disease with variable age of onset. In the pediatric age range, nonsyndromic TAA frequently has a milder course than syndromic forms of TAA, such as Marfan syndrome or Loeys-Dietz syndrome. Herein, we describe 17-year-old identical twin brothers with severe progressive TAA due ...
Nasis Arthur A Monash Cardiovascular Research Centre, MonashHEART, Monash Health, 246 Clayton Road, Clayton, 3168, Australia, - - 2014
We sought to determine the anatomic characteristics of coronary arteries arising from an anomalous location (CAAL) detected on coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) and assess the impact of high-risk anatomic characteristics on patient management and outcomes. We reviewed 9,774 consecutive CTA studies performed in adults between 2008-2013 and identified 114 with ...
Dobrocky Tomas T Department of Interventional, Pediatric and Diagnostic Radiology, Inselspital, University Hospital, University of Bern, Freiburgstrasse 10, 3010, Bern, Switzerland, - - 2014
Portal vein embolization (PVE) may be performed before hemihepatectomy to increase the volume of future liver remnant (FLR) and to reduce the risk of postoperative liver insufficiency. We report the case of a 71-year-old patient with hilar cholangiocarcinoma undergoing PVE with access from the right portal vein using a mixture ...
Matsukawa H H Department of Neurosurgery, St. Luke's International Hospital, Chuo-ku, Tokyo, - - 2014
A low ankle-brachial index (ABI) is associated with increased mortality and risk of myocardial infarction and stroke in the general population. Arterial stiffness can be assessed non-invasively by the measurement of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (PWV), a simple and reproducible method. Because the importance of ABI and baPWV in the ...
Ener B K BK Dept. of Thoracic and Vascular Surgery, Ümraniye Training and Research Hospitalİstanbul, Turkey - - - 2014
This prospective and controlled study was carried out to show the role of hyperperfusion due to decreased arterial resistance in patients with arterial neuropathy of lower limbs. Arterial Duplex color scanning and Magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) angiography were made in 54 patients with lower limb venous stasis in which pulsatility index ...
Bhatt Hemal H Department of Internal Medicine, Lutheran Medical Center, Brooklyn, NY, USA - - 2014
We assessed the association of mitral annular calcification (MAC) with atherosclerotic risk factors and severity and complexity of coronary artery disease (CAD). Cardiac catheterization reports and electronic medical records from 2010 to 2011 were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 481 patients were divided into 2 groups: MAC present (209) and ...
Jander Nikolaus N University Heart Center Freiburg, Bad Krozingen, - - 2014
To evaluate the usefulness of velocity ratio (VR) in patients with low gradient severe aortic stenosis (LGSAS) and preserved EF. LGSAS despite preserved EF represents a clinically challenging entity. Reliance on mean pressure gradient (MPG) may underestimate stenosis severity as has been reported in the context of paradoxical low flow, ...
Mestres G G Vascular Access Unit, Vascular Surgery Division, Thorax Institute, Hospital Clínic, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address: - - 2014
After arteriovenous fistula creation, the arterial flow increase can lead to aneurysmal degeneration, even increased after fistula ligation or renal transplant immunosuppression. The aim of this study is to describe the therapeutic options and outcomes of true aneurysms of the inflow artery after arteriovenous fistula for hemodialysis. Prospectively collected data ...
Tattersall Matthew C MC From the Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Medicine (M.C.T., C.E.K., A.D.G., J.H.S.), and Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology (B.C.A.), University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI; Department of Preventive Medicine Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL (K.J.L.); and Departments of Epidemiology (J.D.K.) and Biostatistics (A.G., L.S., R.A.K.), University of Washington School of Public Health, - - 2014
Carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaque are noninvasive markers of subclinical arterial injury that predict incident cardiovascular disease. We evaluated predictors of longitudinal changes in IMT and new plaque during a decade in a longitudinal multiethnic cohort. Carotid IMT and plaque were evaluated in Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) ...
de Ciriza Carmen Pérez CP Clinical Chemistry Department, Clínica Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, - - 2014
The relationship between osteoprotegerin (OPG) a glycoprotein related to bone metabolism and the metabolic syndrome (MS) has not been established. The aim of this study is to evaluate OPG concentration in patients with MS and its association with subclinical atherosclerosis and coronary arterial calcification (CAC). The study included 238 asymptomatic ...
Aykan Ahmet Çağrı AC Department of Cardiology, Ahi Evren Chest Cardiovascular Surgery Education and Research Hospital, Trabzon, Turkey - - 2014
We investigated the relationship between peripheral artery disease complexity and coronary artery disease complexity in patients with peripheral artery disease. A total of 449 patients were enrolled. SYNTAX score, a marker of coronary artery disease complexity, was assessed by dedicated computer software and complexity of peripheral artery disease was determined ...
Hathout G - - 2014
Purpose: A previously described Doppler parameter, the sonographic NASCET index (SNI), was derived to be more directly analogous to the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET) methodology for assessing carotid artery stenosis. However, this index does not account for complex changes affecting the Doppler waveform. We propose a revised ...
Sacho Raphael H RH From the Departments of Interventional Neuroradiology (R.H.S., G.S., A.K., R.M., T.K., K.T., R.W.) and Neurosurgery (R.H.S., M.T., I.R.), University Health Network, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands (G.J.E.R.). - - 2014
Management of unruptured fusiform intracranial aneurysms is controversial because of the paucity of natural history data. We studied their natural history and outcome after treatment. We reviewed our neurovascular database from January 2000 to October 2013. Inclusion criteria were unruptured, intradural fusiform aneurysms with a diameter of <2.5 cm. Criteria ...
Nakanishi Hiroko H Department of Cardiology, Wakayama Medical University, Wakayama, - - 2014
Computed tomographic (CT) angiography provides high sensitivity for the detection of coronary stenosis, while its specificity is relatively low. The aim of this study was to determine the incremental value of coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) by transthoracic echocardiography when used with CT angiography for detecting stenosis of the major ...
Une Dai D From the Division of Cardiac Surgery (D.U., T.A.-A., M.R.) and Division of Cardiology (M.L.M.), University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Lynn Heart and Vascular Institute, Boca Raton, FL (A.K.); Division of Cardiac Surgery, Hôpital Laval, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada (P.V.); and Department of Epidemiology and Community Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada - - 2014
The effects of dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin and clopidogrel on the progression of native coronary artery disease after coronary artery bypass grafting are unknown. In the Clopidogrel After Surgery for Coronary Artery DiseasE (CASCADE) trial, a total of 113 patients were randomized to receive aspirin plus clopidogrel or aspirin ...
Mizukami Heisuke H Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Neurology, St. Marianna University School of - - 2014
Aim: Intracranial atherosclerotic major artery stenosis (IMAS) is associated with a high risk of ischemic stroke. Carotid ultrasound (US) has been widely used to evaluate an individual's atherosclerotic burden, but no information is available on whether the carotid US findings are associated with IMAS progression. The aim of the present ...
Martínez-Galdámez M M Interventional Neuroradiology Unit, Hospital Clínico Univeristario de Valladolid, Valladolid, - - 2014
The aim of our study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the pipeline endovascular device for the treatment of anterior circulation aneurysms at the level of the circle of Willis and beyond. A consecutive series of 25 patients (24 unruptured and one ruptured) with anterior circulation aneurysms treated ...
Gershengorn Hayley B HB Division of Critical Care Medicine, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New - - 2014
Arterial catheters are used frequently in intensive care units (ICUs). Clinical effectiveness and adverse events associated with the use of the catheters have not been formally evaluated in clinical studies. To determine whether an association exists between arterial catheter use and hospital mortality in ICU patients. Propensity-matched cohort analysis of ...
Bersvendsen Jørn - - 2014
Transcatheter aortic valve implantation involves percutaneously implanting a biomechanical aortic valve to treat severe aortic stenosis. In order to select a proper device, precise sizing of the aortic valve annulus must be completed. In this paper, we describe a fully automatic segmentation method to measure the aortic annulus diameter in ...
Choi Keum-Ju KJ Department of Internal Medicine, Kyungpook National University School of Medicine, Daegu, - - 2014
In patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE), the prognostic implications of saddle or central emboli, as observed on computed tomography (CT), remain to be established. The aim of the present study was to assess whether the presence of saddle and central emboli could be used to predict clinical outcomes in ...
Wongkornrat Wanchai W Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand - - 2014
Although the results of surgical repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm continue to improve, the incidence of paraplegia remains within a wide range depending on each institution. The purpose of this study was to find predictors of paraplegia following thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair in our institute, using the current spinal cord ...
Highland Kristin B KB Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, Cleveland, Ohio, - - 2014
This review summarizes recent advances in pulmonary hypertension, a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in scleroderma (SSc). Although WHO Group I pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is the most common cause of pulmonary hypertension, all WHO Groups can occur. PAH is now a criterion for the diagnosis of SSc. Results ...
Ikeda Yohei Y Department of Radiology, Niigata University Graduate School of Medical and Dental Science, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine if lung perfusion blood volume (lung PBV) with non-occlusive pulmonary embolism (PE) differs quantitatively and visually from that with occlusive PE and to investigate if lung PBV with non-occlusive PE remains the same as that without PE. Totally, 108 patients suspected of ...
Mohar Dilbahar S DS Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, University of California, 333 City Tower West, Suite 400, Orange, CA 92868, United States; Irvine-School of Medicine, Irvine, CA, United - - 2014
The association between epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) volume and coronary artery disease (CAD) severity was evaluated, independent of traditional risk factors and coronary artery calcium (CAC) scores, in patients with diabetes type 2 (DM-2) using cardiac computed tomography angiography (CTA). A multivariate analysis was utilized to assess for an independent ...
Park Keun-Myoung KM Division of Vascular Surgery, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
Background The primary goal of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) is to prevent death from aneurysm rupture. Regression of aortic sac size is believed to be a marker for success after EVAR. This study analyzes the changes in aneurysm sac size and the factors affecting sac regression after EVAR. Patients and Methods We ...
Munich Stephan A SA Department of Neurosurgery, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, - - 2014
Object Vertebrobasilar fusiform aneurysms (VFAs) are rare lesions characterized by abnormal dilation and tortuosity of the vertebral and/or basilar arteries. Untreated, these aneurysms have a tendency to progress, often resulting in neurological symptoms or rupture leading to subarachnoid hemorrhage. The microsurgical treatment of these lesions can be difficult due to ...
Murashita Takashi T Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Hyogo, - - 2014
Background In patients with small aortic annulus, sufficient size of stented aortic bioprosthesis cannot be implanted without additional procedures. In such cases, we use stentless aortic bioprosthesis to obtain sufficient effective orifice area. In this study, we investigated long-term impact of stentless aortic bioprosthesis on clinical outcomes, compared with stented aortic ...
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