Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1802
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Jung Chang Hee CH Department of Internal Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of - - 2014
The degree of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis detected by coronary multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in four groups defined by the state of metabolic health and obesity in an asymptomatic Korean population was compared. The data of 4009 asymptomatic subjects who participated in a routine health screening examination were collected. Significant coronary ...
Neven Kars K Department of Cardiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands & Department of Rhythmology, Alfried Krupp Krankenhaus, Essen, Germany - - 2014
-Permanent coronary artery damage is a hazardous complication of epicardial radiofrequency ablation. Irreversible electroporation (IRE) is a promising non-thermal ablation modality able to create deep myocardial lesions. We investigated the effects of epicardial IRE on luminal coronary artery diameter and lesion depth. -In 5 pigs (60-75 kg), the pericardium was ...
Toeg Hadi H aDivision of Cardiac Surgery bDivision of Cardiology, University of Ottawa Heart Institute, Ottawa, Ontario, - - 2014
Recently, hybrid coronary artery revascularization (HCAR), combining the benefits of both percutaneous coronary intervention and coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) while minimizing their respective shortcomings, has been developed. This review is aimed to explore and discuss recent clinical outcomes and patient selection, and comment on surgical approaches for HCAR. ...
Chen Rui-Hua RH Department of endocrinology, Pudong New Area People's Hospital, 490, South Chuan Huan Road, Shanghai, - - 2014
To explore the potential association between the serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and carotid atherosclerosis in patients with type 2 diabetes. Three hundred and fifty patients with type 2 diabetes were enrolled in this study in Shanghai, China. B-mode ultrasound was used to detect carotid plaques as indicators of ...
Kedev Sasko - - 2014
With recent advancement in percutaneous endovascular interventions, angioplasty and stenting of axillary artery lesions could become the treatment of choice vs. surgical intervention owing to its lower complication and mortality rates and shorter hospital stay.We report a Caucasian female case with axillary artery chronic total occlusion (CTO) with dual etiology ...
Dey Damini D Department of Biomedical Sciences, Biomedical Imaging Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Taper Building, Room A238, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA. Electronic address: - - 2014
Coronary CTA allows characterization of non-calcified and calcified plaque and identification of high-risk plaque features. We aimed to quantitatively characterize and compare coronary plaque burden from CTA in patients with a first acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and controls with stable coronary artery disease. We retrospectively analyzed consecutive patients with non-ST-segment ...
Schölzel Bastiaan E BE Department of Cardiology, St Antonius Hospital, Koekoekslaan 1, 3435 CM, Nieuwegein, The - - 2014
Pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) is the recommended treatment in chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Prediction of outcome after PEA remains challenging. In search for pre-operative predictors we evaluated non-invasive parameters measured by chest CT-scan and echocardiography. Between May 2004 and January 2009, 52 consecutive patients with CTEPH who underwent PEA (59.6 % ...
Murakami Takashi T Department of Pediatric Cardiology, Ibaraki Children's Hospital, Mito, - - 2014
Congenital absence of aortic valve (AAV) is a rare cardiac anomaly associated with high mortality. We present 2 prenatally diagnosed cases of AAV. In both cases, fetal echocardiography showed no aortic valve tissue and free aortic regurgitation. At 24 weeks' gestation, case 1 showed a hypoplastic hypocontractile left ventricle and ...
Tanweer O O From the Departments of Neurosurgery (O.T., A.B., D.Z., P.K.N.), Radiology (E.R., D.Z., M.S., H.A.R., T.B., P.K.N.), and Neurology (M.F., T.B., P.K.N.), New York University School of Medicine, New York, New - - 2014
Recent techniques of endoluminal reconstruction with flow-diverting stents have not been incorporated into treatment algorithms for cavernous carotid aneurysms. This study examines the authors' institutional experience and a systematic review of the literature for outcomes and complications using the Pipeline Embolization Device in unruptured cavernous carotid aneurysms. A retrospective search ...
Shibayama Kentaro K Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, Los Angeles, California; University of California-Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California (T.S.), Heart Center, Tokyo Bay Urayasu/Ichikawa Medical Center, Chiba, - - 2014
An understanding of aortic root anatomy in bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) has not been well established. The aims of this three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiographic study were (1) to examine whether aortic root geometry differs between BAV and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) and (2) to analyze the dynamic motion of the aortic ...
Asztabski Michal M John Paul II Hospital, Krakow, - - 2014
Formation of denser fibrin networks displaying impaired lysability has been reported in subjects at an increased risk of atherosclerosis. Given recent data on prothrombotic fibrin clot phenotype reported in patients with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS), we tested the hypothesis that altered fibrin clot properties are associated with increased intima-media thickness (IMT) ...
Jalaie H H European Vascular Centre Aachen-Maastricht, University Hospital of the RWTH Aachen, Aachen, Germany. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study is to present experience with 10 patients with symptomatic aberrant subclavian artery (ASA) and aneurysm of ASA who underwent surgical treatment. From 2008 to 2011 10 patients with symptomatic aberrant subclavian artery (mean age 60 years [range 24-90 years]) were studied. Symptoms were dysphagia (n = 7), ...
Patel Mira A MA Department of Neurosurgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 1800 Orleans Street, Zayed Tower 6115F, Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD 21287, - - 2014
Fenestrations of intracranial arteries and associated aneurysms are rare. The significance of these fenestrations in relation to aneurysms remains unclear. We present four patients with fenestration-associated aneurysms and a comprehensive review of associations with aneurysms and other vascular lesions. A PubMed search of the literature was conducted from 1970-2012 reporting ...
Bos Daniel D Department of Radiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The Netherlands; Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus Medical Center, Rotterdam, The - - 2014
Longitudinal data on the role of atherosclerosis in different vessel beds in the etiology of cognitive impairment and dementia are scarce and inconsistent. Between 2003-2006, 2364 nondemented persons underwent computed tomography of the coronaries, aortic arch, extracranial, and intracranial carotid arteries to quantify atherosclerotic calcification. Participants were followed for incident ...
Lim Seong Joo SJ Department of Radiology, Center for Imaging - - 2014
To evaluate the clinical results and imaging follow-up findings of stent grafts placed for hemorrhage from hepatic arteries following surgery. The investigation included 17 patients (14 men and 3 women) who underwent endovascular stent graft placement for hepatic arterial hemorrhage following surgery. Bleeding occurred from the common hepatic artery (n ...
Raja Shahzad G SG Department of Cardiac Surgery, Harefield Hospital, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Additional arterial grafts such as the right internal mammary artery (RIMA) or the radial artery (RA) have been proposed to improve long term outcomes in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). RA is largely preferred over RIMA as it is less technically demanding and there is a perception that bilateral IMA ...
Jackson Veronica V Cardiothoracic Surgery Unit, Department of Molecular Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden. Electronic address: - - 2014
Differences in clinical presentation between patients with tricuspid aortic valves (TAVs) or bicuspid aortic valves (BAVs) and aortic valve disease are evident. Whether these differences can be attributed to differences in cardiovascular risks remains uncertain. Patient characteristics, echocardiographic findings, medical history, medication, and laboratory findings were evaluated in 702 patients ...
Ngian Gene-Siew GS Department of Medicine (Royal Melbourne Hospital/Western Hospital), The University of Melbourne, Parkville, Australia. - - 2014
Increased arterial stiffness is a predictor of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. Atherosclerosis may be increased in systemic sclerosis (SSc). Our aims were to determine if arterial stiffness is elevated and to evaluate correlates of arterial stiffness in SSc. We carried out two studies: 1. a comparison of arterial stiffness in ...
Branchetti Emanuela E From the Department of Surgery, Thoracic Aortic Program, Perelman School of Medicine at University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (E.B., J.E.B., J.B.G., P.P., E.K.L., N.D.D., J.H.G., R.C.G., G.F.); and Department of Surgery, Valley Hospital, Columbia University, Ridgewood, NJ - - 2014
A total of 30% to 50% of patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) require surgery for aortic valve replacement (AVR), ascending aortic replacement (AA), or both. To prevent adverse aortic events, they are risk stratified using imperfect criteria based on imaging modalities. As a result, a significant number of dissections ...
Kimura Naoyuki N Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, Jichi Medical University, Saitama, Japan. Electronic address: - - 2014
We investigated the long-term outcomes of repair for acute type A aortic dissection on the basis of false lumen status and assessed treatment modalities for the enlarged downstream aorta. Between January 1990 and March 2013, 534 patients underwent surgery for acute type A aortic dissection. In-hospital mortality was 9.3% (50/534), ...
Esposito Giampiero G Department of Cardiac Surgery, Humanitas Gavazzeni Hospital, Bergamo, - - 2014
Replacing the ascending aorta and the arch in patients with type A acute aortic dissection achieves good short-term results, but several patients are left with distal intimal tears or a patent false lumen in the descending aorta. In this series, we report the 10-year experience with the Lupiae technique, a ...
Gabriels Charlien C University Hospitals Leuven, - - 2014
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is an important complication in hemodynamically relevant atrial septal defects (ASD) and negatively affects outcome. This retrospective study aimed at (1) estimating the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with secundum ASD and (2) identifying predictors of PH development or persistence after ASD closure. Consecutive patients ...
Alsoufi Bahaaldin B Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Ga. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pulmonary artery banding is the initial palliative surgery in patients with single ventricle cardiac anomalies presenting with unrestricted pulmonary blood flow. Reported mortality in those receiving pulmonary artery banding is high, and its application in patients with single ventricle anomalies and arch obstruction is controversial. We report current-era results after ...
Holley Christopher T CT Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
We have previously shown that mitochondrial uncoupling protein-2 (UCP-2) is increased in a swine model of hibernating myocardium (HM). Although UCP-2 reduces oxidant stress, it can promote inefficiency of the electron transport chain. In this study, we tested whether UCP-2 remains increased in revascularized HM (RHM) after coronary artery bypass ...
Jaisson Stéphane - - 2014
Abstract Background: Carbamylation is a non-enzymatic post-translational modification of proteins that has been recently identified as a non-traditional risk factor for atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether serum homocitrulline (HCit), a characteristic carbamylation-derived product, was related to the presence and the severity of coronary artery disease ...
Biglino Giovanni G Centre for Cardiovascular Imaging, Institute of Cardiovascular Science, University College London, London, United Kingdom; Cardiorespiratory Unit, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare atrial switch and arterial switch operations for the repair of transposition of the great arteries (TGA), assessing cardiac function and ventriculoarterial (VA) coupling based on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) data. Using CMR-derived wave intensity analysis, this study provides a noninvasive comparison of ...
Sundt Thoralf M TM Division of Cardiac Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite more than a decade of intense investigation, controversy persists regarding appropriate triggers for aortic replacement in the setting of bicuspid aortic valve. The difficulty is that the data are inescapably imperfect. Although we can count individuals with bicuspid valve who suffer dissection, we have an insufficient understanding of the ...
Vallabhajosyula Prashanth P Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Although endovascular repair has been widely adopted for treatment of descending thoracic aortic pathologies, its role in ascending aortic pathologies remains undefined. We reviewed our experience with endovascular repair of ascending aortic pathologies in patients facing high or prohibitive risk with open surgical treatment. From 2007 to 2013, 6 patients ...
Park Seung-Jung SJ Department of Cardiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study sought to evaluate the intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) minimal lumen area (MLA) for functionally significant left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis using fractional flow reserve (FFR) as the standard. The evaluation of significant LMCA stenosis remains challenging. We identified 112 patients with isolated ostial and shaft intermediate LMCA stenosis ...
Khalique Omar K OK Columbia University Medical Center/New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New - - 2014
This study sought to determine the impact of quantity and location of aortic valve calcification (AVC) on paravalvular regurgitation (PVR) and rates of post-dilation (PD) immediately after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The impact of AVC in different locations within the aortic valve complex is incompletely understood. This study analyzed 150 ...
Zhu Jiaquan J Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Labatt Family Heart Centre, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is a relentless disease with a poor prognosis. Although surgical repair can effectively treat "downstream" (near left atrial junction) PVS, residual "upstream" (deep in lung parenchyma) PVS commonly dictates long-term survival. Our initial studies revealed an association between PVS and transforming growth factor-β signaling, which led ...
Diken Adem I AI Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hitit University Faculty of Medicine, Corum, - - 2014
Ischemic heart disease is a significant complication of atherosclerosis. Myocardial infarction after the development of coronary artery disease can lead to a number of serious complications, including ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR). Currently there is no consensus regarding the preferred therapeutic modality for moderately severe IMR. In this study, the postoperative ...
Sokhanvar Sepideh - - 2014
Conventional repair of pararenal aortic aneurysms has been a technically challenging operation, with a significant morbidity rate of 28-35%. Endovascular stent grafting requires satisfactory landing zones for stent graft anchoring. Therefore, pararenal abdominal aortic aneurysms are usually contraindicated for this procedure because of difficulties associated with proximal graft fixation. In ...
Fu Fei - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Kanglaite (KLT) injection combined with hepatic arterial intervention for treatment of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by meta-analysis. Computerized bibliographic searching were undertaken to identify all eligible published studies about the KLT injection combined with hepatic arterial intervention for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma ...
Goksel Onur Selcuk OS Cardiovascular Surgery, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
Conventional surgical repair of thoracic aortic dissections is a challenge due to mortality and morbidity risks. We analyzed our experience in hybrid aortic arch repair for complex dissections of the aortic arch. Between 2009 and 2013, 18 patients (the mean age of 67 ± 8 years-old) underwent hybrid aortic arch ...
Kim Sung Soo SS The Heart Center of Chonnam National University Hospital, Cardiovascular Research Institute of Chonnam National University, Gwangju, - - 2014
An aneurysm of the subclavian artery is rare. Recently, we experienced a case of a ruptured subclavian artery aneurysm presenting as hemoptysis. The patient had experienced atypical chest discomfort, and computed tomography (CT) revealed a small aneurysm of the left subclavian artery (SCA). Hemoptysis occurred 2 weeks later. Follow-up CT ...
Stio Rocco Edoardo RE Faculty, Department of Cardiovascular, Respiratory and Morphologic Sciences, Policlinico Umberto I, "Sapienza" University of Rome , Italy - - 2014
We are reporting a clinical case of a 78-year-old male who had oppressive chest pain at rest, which regressed with the intake of sublingual nitrates. Coronary angiography showed a chronic total occlusion (CTO) of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery, a normal circumflex, a hypoplasic right coronary artery and a ...
Preventza Ourania O Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Texas Heart Institute, Houston, Tex; Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the preoperative and perioperative risk factors that significantly predict adverse outcomes after total arch replacement in patients with previous proximal aortic surgery and to analyze patient survival. We performed univariate analysis and logistic regression on data extracted from a prospectively maintained database for 119 patients who had undergone ...
Filardo Giovanni G Office of the Chief Quality Officer, Baylor Scott & White Health, Dallas, Texas; Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas; Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky; The Heart Hospital at Baylor Plano, Plano, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2014
Randomized controlled trials have shown no significant difference in survival between immediate open repair and surveillance with selective repair for asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysms of 4.0 to 5.5 cm in diameter. This lack of difference has been shown to hold true for all diameters in this range, in men and women, ...
Baker Nevin C NC Department of Cardiology, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, - - 2014
To evaluate access site and other bleeding complications associated with radial versus femoral access in patients receiving oral anticoagulation (OAC) with warfarin. Patients receiving OAC with warfarin undergoing coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may have OAC continued despite the risk of bleeding. To what extent arterial access site ...
Gaur Sara S Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, Skejby, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is the standard of reference for assessing the hemodynamic significance of coronary stenoses in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Noninvasive FFR derived from coronary CT angiography (FFRCT) is a promising new noninvasive method for assessing the physiologic significance of epicardial stenoses. The reproducibility of FFRCT ...
Brennan Connie C Connie Brennan, RN, CPSN, CANS, CPC, is currently the Director of Medical Aesthetic Education at the Center for Advanced Aesthetics at Life Time Fitness and President/Founder of Aesthetic Enhancement Solutions, LLC. Connie is a licensed registered nurse in 10 states and has earned advanced certifications in aesthetic injectables, laser resurfacing, skin care, sclerotherapy, and perioperative nursing over the course of 26 years in aesthetic medicine. Connie has worked as an expert alongside the ASPSN task force in creating the first certified aesthetic nurse specialist (CANS) - - 2014
Aesthetic providers need to be aware of the serious potential complications that can result from occlusion of specific facial arterial and venous structures. This article focuses on the anatomical "danger zones" to avoid during dermal filler and volume enhancer injection procedures. Clinical pearls are provided on how to avoid these ...
Durga Padmaja P Departments of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
Anesthetic management of extracranial to intracranial (EC-IC) bypass for complex intracranial aneurysms is challenging as the goals involve balancing the cerebral perfusion during parent artery clamping and avoiding factors that predispose to rupture of the unsecured aneurysm. There is very sparse literature available on anesthetic management for this procedure. A ...
Chinchure Swati Dayanand - - 2014
Blister aneurysms of are rare lesions representing a real challenge for diagnosis and management. They typically show small size, hemispherical shape, fragile wall, broad neck, and are arising from non-branching sites of intracranial arteries. We retrospectively reviewed all aneurysms treated at our institution. Seventeen patients (6 male, 11 female) with ...
Mehrpooya Maryam M Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is defined by a lack of the luminal continuity between the ascending and descending thoracic aorta. It is a rare, severe congenital heart defect which without surgery is associated with high mortality in the neonatal period. The aims of this study were to present a case ...
Naoum Joseph J - - 2014
Revascularization alternatives for patients with critical limb ischemia and without adequate autogenous vein remain challenging. We reviewed our experience with the use of arterial homograft as a conduit for limb salvage in patients with limb ischemia and active lower extremity infections. A retrospective review of patients who underwent open arterial ...
Nanda Anil A Department of Neurosurgery, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in Shreveport, - - 2014
Treatment of middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms remains controversial because of their morphological characteristics. The aim of our study was to analyze the morbidity, mortality, and outcome of patients who underwent clipping of MCA aneurysms and compare with that of endovascular therapy. Patient and aneurysm characteristics and treatment outcomes of ...
Khouzam Rami N RN Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Tennessee Health Science Center in - - 2014
It is rare to find aortic root thrombi in the absence of aortic root aneurysm or extensive aortic atherosclerosis. Up to this date, only a few cases have been reported. The etiology has been mainly attributed to hypercoagulable disorders. Herein, we present a case of a large thrombus obliterating the ...
Regeer Madelien V MV Department of Cardiology, Heart Center Leiden, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA Leiden, The - - 2014
The underlying mechanism of aortic regurgitation and aortic valve and root characteristics are associated with the durability of surgical repair. We investigated whether multidetector CT (MDCT) identifies the characteristics of the aortic valve and root that may be associated with the ability to perform successful surgical repair. Sixty-one patients with ...
Hapka Lukasz - - 2014
Abstract The study presented a case of a 58-year-old male patient treated for retroperitoneal fibrosis, right hydronephrosis, and right common iliac artery stenosis and saccular aneurysm of the above-mentioned vessel. The patient was qualified for endovascular treatment. Stentgraft implantation was performed with good long-term patency during more than 3 years ...
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