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Gabriels Charlien C University Hospitals Leuven, - - 2014
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is an important complication in hemodynamically relevant atrial septal defects (ASD) and negatively affects outcome. This retrospective study aimed at (1) estimating the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in patients with secundum ASD and (2) identifying predictors of PH development or persistence after ASD closure. Consecutive patients ...
Alsoufi Bahaaldin B Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Children's Healthcare of Atlanta, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Ga. Electronic address: - - 2014
Pulmonary artery banding is the initial palliative surgery in patients with single ventricle cardiac anomalies presenting with unrestricted pulmonary blood flow. Reported mortality in those receiving pulmonary artery banding is high, and its application in patients with single ventricle anomalies and arch obstruction is controversial. We report current-era results after ...
Holley Christopher T CT Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, - - 2014
We have previously shown that mitochondrial uncoupling protein-2 (UCP-2) is increased in a swine model of hibernating myocardium (HM). Although UCP-2 reduces oxidant stress, it can promote inefficiency of the electron transport chain. In this study, we tested whether UCP-2 remains increased in revascularized HM (RHM) after coronary artery bypass ...
Jaisson Stéphane - - 2014
Abstract Background: Carbamylation is a non-enzymatic post-translational modification of proteins that has been recently identified as a non-traditional risk factor for atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to determine whether serum homocitrulline (HCit), a characteristic carbamylation-derived product, was related to the presence and the severity of coronary artery disease ...
Biglino Giovanni G Centre for Cardiovascular Imaging, Institute of Cardiovascular Science, University College London, London, United Kingdom; Cardiorespiratory Unit, Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children, NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The aim of this study was to compare atrial switch and arterial switch operations for the repair of transposition of the great arteries (TGA), assessing cardiac function and ventriculoarterial (VA) coupling based on cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) data. Using CMR-derived wave intensity analysis, this study provides a noninvasive comparison of ...
Sundt Thoralf M TM Division of Cardiac Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass. Electronic address: - - 2014
Despite more than a decade of intense investigation, controversy persists regarding appropriate triggers for aortic replacement in the setting of bicuspid aortic valve. The difficulty is that the data are inescapably imperfect. Although we can count individuals with bicuspid valve who suffer dissection, we have an insufficient understanding of the ...
Vallabhajosyula Prashanth P Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, - - 2014
Although endovascular repair has been widely adopted for treatment of descending thoracic aortic pathologies, its role in ascending aortic pathologies remains undefined. We reviewed our experience with endovascular repair of ascending aortic pathologies in patients facing high or prohibitive risk with open surgical treatment. From 2007 to 2013, 6 patients ...
Park Seung-Jung SJ Department of Cardiology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address: - - 2014
This study sought to evaluate the intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) minimal lumen area (MLA) for functionally significant left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis using fractional flow reserve (FFR) as the standard. The evaluation of significant LMCA stenosis remains challenging. We identified 112 patients with isolated ostial and shaft intermediate LMCA stenosis ...
Khalique Omar K OK Columbia University Medical Center/New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, New - - 2014
This study sought to determine the impact of quantity and location of aortic valve calcification (AVC) on paravalvular regurgitation (PVR) and rates of post-dilation (PD) immediately after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). The impact of AVC in different locations within the aortic valve complex is incompletely understood. This study analyzed 150 ...
Zhu Jiaquan J Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Labatt Family Heart Centre, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Surgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, - - 2014
Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is a relentless disease with a poor prognosis. Although surgical repair can effectively treat "downstream" (near left atrial junction) PVS, residual "upstream" (deep in lung parenchyma) PVS commonly dictates long-term survival. Our initial studies revealed an association between PVS and transforming growth factor-β signaling, which led ...
Diken Adem I AI Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hitit University Faculty of Medicine, Corum, - - 2014
Ischemic heart disease is a significant complication of atherosclerosis. Myocardial infarction after the development of coronary artery disease can lead to a number of serious complications, including ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR). Currently there is no consensus regarding the preferred therapeutic modality for moderately severe IMR. In this study, the postoperative ...
Sokhanvar Sepideh - - 2014
Conventional repair of pararenal aortic aneurysms has been a technically challenging operation, with a significant morbidity rate of 28-35%. Endovascular stent grafting requires satisfactory landing zones for stent graft anchoring. Therefore, pararenal abdominal aortic aneurysms are usually contraindicated for this procedure because of difficulties associated with proximal graft fixation. In ...
Fu Fei - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the Kanglaite (KLT) injection combined with hepatic arterial intervention for treatment of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by meta-analysis. Computerized bibliographic searching were undertaken to identify all eligible published studies about the KLT injection combined with hepatic arterial intervention for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma ...
Goksel Onur Selcuk OS Cardiovascular Surgery, Istanbul Medical Faculty, Istanbul University, Istanbul, - - 2014
Conventional surgical repair of thoracic aortic dissections is a challenge due to mortality and morbidity risks. We analyzed our experience in hybrid aortic arch repair for complex dissections of the aortic arch. Between 2009 and 2013, 18 patients (the mean age of 67 ± 8 years-old) underwent hybrid aortic arch ...
Kim Sung Soo SS The Heart Center of Chonnam National University Hospital, Cardiovascular Research Institute of Chonnam National University, Gwangju, - - 2014
An aneurysm of the subclavian artery is rare. Recently, we experienced a case of a ruptured subclavian artery aneurysm presenting as hemoptysis. The patient had experienced atypical chest discomfort, and computed tomography (CT) revealed a small aneurysm of the left subclavian artery (SCA). Hemoptysis occurred 2 weeks later. Follow-up CT ...
Preventza Ourania O Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Texas Heart Institute, Houston, Tex; Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Michael E. DeBakey Department of Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Tex. Electronic address: - - 2014
To determine the preoperative and perioperative risk factors that significantly predict adverse outcomes after total arch replacement in patients with previous proximal aortic surgery and to analyze patient survival. We performed univariate analysis and logistic regression on data extracted from a prospectively maintained database for 119 patients who had undergone ...
Filardo Giovanni G Office of the Chief Quality Officer, Baylor Scott & White Health, Dallas, Texas; Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas; Department of Infectious Diseases, University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky; The Heart Hospital at Baylor Plano, Plano, Texas. Electronic address: - - 2014
Randomized controlled trials have shown no significant difference in survival between immediate open repair and surveillance with selective repair for asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysms of 4.0 to 5.5 cm in diameter. This lack of difference has been shown to hold true for all diameters in this range, in men and women, ...
Baker Nevin C NC Department of Cardiology, Geisinger Medical Center, Danville, - - 2014
To evaluate access site and other bleeding complications associated with radial versus femoral access in patients receiving oral anticoagulation (OAC) with warfarin. Patients receiving OAC with warfarin undergoing coronary angiography and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) may have OAC continued despite the risk of bleeding. To what extent arterial access site ...
Gaur Sara S Department of Cardiology, Aarhus University Hospital, Brendstrupgaardsvej 100, Skejby, 8200 Aarhus N, Denmark. Electronic address: - - 2014
Fractional flow reserve (FFR) is the standard of reference for assessing the hemodynamic significance of coronary stenoses in patients with stable coronary artery disease. Noninvasive FFR derived from coronary CT angiography (FFRCT) is a promising new noninvasive method for assessing the physiologic significance of epicardial stenoses. The reproducibility of FFRCT ...
Brennan Connie C Connie Brennan, RN, CPSN, CANS, CPC, is currently the Director of Medical Aesthetic Education at the Center for Advanced Aesthetics at Life Time Fitness and President/Founder of Aesthetic Enhancement Solutions, LLC. Connie is a licensed registered nurse in 10 states and has earned advanced certifications in aesthetic injectables, laser resurfacing, skin care, sclerotherapy, and perioperative nursing over the course of 26 years in aesthetic medicine. Connie has worked as an expert alongside the ASPSN task force in creating the first certified aesthetic nurse specialist (CANS) - - 2014
Aesthetic providers need to be aware of the serious potential complications that can result from occlusion of specific facial arterial and venous structures. This article focuses on the anatomical "danger zones" to avoid during dermal filler and volume enhancer injection procedures. Clinical pearls are provided on how to avoid these ...
Durga Padmaja P Departments of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
Anesthetic management of extracranial to intracranial (EC-IC) bypass for complex intracranial aneurysms is challenging as the goals involve balancing the cerebral perfusion during parent artery clamping and avoiding factors that predispose to rupture of the unsecured aneurysm. There is very sparse literature available on anesthetic management for this procedure. A ...
Chinchure Swati Dayanand - - 2014
Blister aneurysms of are rare lesions representing a real challenge for diagnosis and management. They typically show small size, hemispherical shape, fragile wall, broad neck, and are arising from non-branching sites of intracranial arteries. We retrospectively reviewed all aneurysms treated at our institution. Seventeen patients (6 male, 11 female) with ...
Mehrpooya Maryam M Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Imam Khomeini Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, - - 2014
Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is defined by a lack of the luminal continuity between the ascending and descending thoracic aorta. It is a rare, severe congenital heart defect which without surgery is associated with high mortality in the neonatal period. The aims of this study were to present a case ...
Regeer Madelien V MV Department of Cardiology, Heart Center Leiden, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA Leiden, The - - 2014
The underlying mechanism of aortic regurgitation and aortic valve and root characteristics are associated with the durability of surgical repair. We investigated whether multidetector CT (MDCT) identifies the characteristics of the aortic valve and root that may be associated with the ability to perform successful surgical repair. Sixty-one patients with ...
Hapka Lukasz - - 2014
Abstract The study presented a case of a 58-year-old male patient treated for retroperitoneal fibrosis, right hydronephrosis, and right common iliac artery stenosis and saccular aneurysm of the above-mentioned vessel. The patient was qualified for endovascular treatment. Stentgraft implantation was performed with good long-term patency during more than 3 years ...
He Yue Y Professor, Department of Oral Maxillofacial-Head Neck Oncology, Faculty of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Shanghai, - - 2014
To investigate the application of the medial sural artery perforator flap in hemiglossectomy reconstruction and evaluate the value of preoperative computed tomographic angiography (CTA) for perforator location. Nine patients received medial sural artery perforator flaps for tongue reconstruction from August 2013 to January 2014. Of the 9 patients, 5 were ...
Raja Shahzad G SG Shahzad G Raja, Umberto Benedetto, Department of Cardiac Surgery, Harefield Hospital, Middlesex UB9 6JH, United - - 2014
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) continues to be one of the most commonly performed cardiac surgical procedures worldwide. Conventional CABG performed on cardiopulmonary bypass termed on-pump CABG is regarded as the gold standard. However, on-pump CABG results in several physiologic derangements including but not limited to thrombocytopenia, activation of complement ...
Adeli Hassan H Clinical Research Development Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, - - 2014
Primary pulmonary artery sarcomas are very rare and their histologic type called leiomyosarcoma is even rarer. These tumors are frequently misdiagnosed as pulmonary thromboembolism in clinical settings. Many patients receive anticoagulant therapy without response, and many are diagnosed postmortem only. Most of the tumors reported in the literature have involved ...
Musoke Charles - - 2014
Falciparum malaria is known to cause alterations in the coagulation cascade, including disseminated intravascular coagulation. Microthrombotic complications are the best described; however, a number of cases of thrombosis involving larger vessels have been published in the literature. Herein, we describe the case of a woman with malaria associated with massive ...
Baseri Mehdi M Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) has an important role in the both processes of inflammation and oxidative stress. It plays proatherogenic role via low-density lipoprotein oxidation, functional inactivation of the high-density lipoprotein and endothelial dysfunction, and seems to be involved in the atherogenesis of coronary arteries. This study designed to evaluate the association ...
Janić Miodrag M Department of Vascular Diseases, University of Ljubljana Medical Centre, Zaloška 7, SI 1000 Ljubljana, - - 2014
The world population is aging and the number of old people is continuously increasing. Arterial structure and function change with age, progressively leading to arterial stiffening. Arterial stiffness is best characterized by measurement of pulse wave velocity (PWV), which is its surrogate marker. It has been shown that PWV could ...
Fanari Zaher Z Section of Cardiology, Christiana Care Health System, Newark, DE 19718, - - 2014
Patients with multivessel coronary artery disease are more likely to have extensive atherosclerosis that involves other major arteries. Critical subclavian artery (SCA) stenosis can result in coronary subclavian steal syndrome that may present as recurrent ischemia and even myocardial infarction in patients with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). In patients ...
Miller Charles Philip CP Department of Cardiology, Buckinghamshire Trust, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, - - 2014
Chronic cough has a wide differential, of which thoracic aortic aneurysm is a rare but potentially devastating cause. We present a patient with previous aortic valve replacement for a bicuspid valve who had been suffering from a chronic cough for 8 months and who developed subsequent voice hoarseness. This had been ...
Munk Marion R MR Department of Ophthalmology, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. - - 2014
Retinal artery occlusion can be the first indicator of a significant cardiovascular disorder and the need for treatment. We present the case of a 69-year-old man with a cilioretinal artery occlusion and retinal ischemia. Retinal imaging, in particular fundus autofluorescence, highlighted an intraluminal hyperautofluorescent lesion which led to the diagnosis ...
Buczkowski P P Department of Cardiac Surgery and Transplantology, University of Medical Sciences Poznan, - - 2014
We present a case of the native valve used to complete closure of a ruptured aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva. Aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva is rare and a non-coronary artery is affected in only 20% of cases. To close the rupture, we decided to use a non-coronary ...
Donzé Jacques D JD Division of General Internal Medicine, Bern University Hospital, 3010 Bern, Switzerland Division of General Internal Medicine and Primary Care, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 02120 Boston, Massachusetts, USA Harvard Medical School, 02115 Boston, Massachusetts, USA - - 2014
To evaluate the impact of preoperative sepsis on risk of postoperative arterial and venous thromboses. Prospective cohort study using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database of the American College of Surgeons (ACS-NSQIP). Inpatient and outpatient procedures in 374 hospitals of all types across the United States, 2005-12. 2 305 380 adults ...
Zhang Jing-Xia JX Department of Cardiology, Tianjin Chest Hospital, Tianjin 300051, - - 2014
Tissue factor (TF) is the initiation factor of the extrinsic coagulation pathway, and plays a critical role in the process of thrombosis. This study aimed to investigate the expression of TF and to explore their clinical effect on the pulmonary artery after acute pulmonary thromboembolism. Thirty-four Japanese white rabbits (Level ...
Georgescu Stefan S Department of Surgery, "Gr. T. Popa" University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iaşi, University Hospital "St. Spiridon" Iaşi, 1 Bulevardul Independentei, 700111 Iaşi, - - 2014
Background. Pancreaticoduodenectomy is the potentially curative treatment for malignant and several benign conditions of the pancreatic head and periampullary region. While performing pancreaticoduodenectomy, early neck division may be impossible or inadequate in case of hepatic artery anatomic variants, suspected involvement of the superior mesenteric vessels, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm, and ...
Singh Vasvi V Department of Internal Medicine, Unity Health System, Rochester, New York, - - 2014
A 50-year-old man presenting with chest pain had positive stress echocardiography; and angiogram showed single artery coronary stenosis, presumed to be atherosclerotic. He was started on optimal medical therapy with good compliance. Four months later, he had a myocardial infarction (MI) and cardiac catheterisation surprisingly showed interval development of severe ...
Davidovic L - - 2014
Rupture is the most serious and lethal complication of the abdominal aortic aneurysm. Despite all improvements during the past 50 years, ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms are still associated with very high mortality. Namely, including patients who die before reaching the hospital, the mortality rate due to abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture ...
Orion Kristine C KC Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Halsted 668, 600 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD - - 2013
Renal artery aneurysm (RAA) is an uncommon disease and is typically an incidental finding on imaging performed for other medical ailments. Sequelae of RAA include rupture and difficult to control hypertension. Repair of RAA is considered in suitable surgical candidates when a maximum diameter of 2 cm is reached or ...
Jain Amit A Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, PO Box 800679, Charlottesville, VA - - 2013
Renal malperfusion associated with renal artery dissection can present as either an isolated disease process or in the setting of branch vessel stenosis complicating aortic dissection. Isolated renal artery dissection is a rare disorder, the clinical presentation of which often presents both diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. The true incidence and ...
Pozgain Zrinka - - 2013
Dirofilaria immitis is a parasite transmitted by mosquito bites, where the most common primary hosts are dogs, cats and some wild animals. Humans become accidental hosts after being bitten by an infected mosquito and the number of such infections has rapidly increased during the last decade. We present a patient ...
Wang David S DS Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, Stanford University Medical Center, 300 Pasteur Drive, H3630, Stanford, CA 94305-5642, USA. - - 2013
Cutaneous complications can result from nontarget deposition during transcatheter arterial chemoembolization or radioembolization. Liver tumors may receive blood supply from parasitized extrahepatic arteries (EHAs) that also perfuse skin or from hepatic arteries located near the origin of the falciform artery (FA), which perfuses the anterior abdominal wall. To vasoconstrict cutaneous ...
Carretón E - - 2013
Dirofilaria immitis adult worms lodged in the pulmonary arteries are the causative agent of heartworm disease, characterized by endarteritis and obstruction of the blood flow. Dying worms form embolic fragments which trigger thrombosis. Thus, pulmonary thromboembolism is an inevitable consequence of successful adulticide therapy. Clinical signs of pulmonary thromboembolisms are ...
Bagga Veejay V Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, . Apartment 31, Queens View, 88 Park Grange Road, Sheffield, S2 3RY, Birmingham B9 5SS, - - 2013
We report a case of a 64-year-old woman who was admitted to intensive care unit with multiorgan failure secondary to Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Haemodynamic monitoring using the transpulmonary thermodilution with pulse contour analysis system (PiCCO) was achieved via the left brachial artery. Two days later, a flexion deformity of the ...
Mirsadraee Majid M Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad - - 2013
Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) is difficult to diagnose because of its nonspecific symptoms. Although echocardiography can reliably and rapidly recognize the presence of pulmonary hypertension, chest X ray (CXR) is more widely used because of its availability. The objective of this study was to find a parameter, which, by changing ...
Sazak Hilal Günal HG Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Atatürk Chest Disease and Thoracic Surgery Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2012
As a rare procedure, massive bronchoalveolar lavage (MBAL) is a large-volume lavage which necessitates general anesthesia and one-lung ventilation (OLV). During MBAL isotonic saline is instilled into one lung and drained through one lumen of a double-lumen tube. MBAL is the most effective treatment for symptomatic pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). ...
Sharif-Kashani Babak - - 2012
Pulmonary embolism is major cause of hospital death. Clinical prediction rules such as Wells' prediction rules can help in selection of at-risk patients who need further testing for pulmonary embolism. We evaluated the usefulness of such criteria for detection of patients with diagnosed pulmonary embolism. Patients enrolled in National Research ...
Bayaroğullari Hanifi - - 2013
Hydatid disease (HD) is a worldwide parasitic disease. Echinococcosis may involve many organs but affect most commonly liver and lungs. The location of echinococcal cysts inside pulmonary artery is extremely rare. Radiologic findings range from purely cystic lesions to a completely solid appearance. Hydatid cysts (HC) can be solitary or ...
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