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Durga Padmaja P Departments of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, - - 2014
Anesthetic management of extracranial to intracranial (EC-IC) bypass for complex intracranial aneurysms is challenging as the goals involve balancing the cerebral perfusion during parent artery clamping and avoiding factors that predispose to rupture of the unsecured aneurysm. There is very sparse literature available on anesthetic management for this procedure. A ...
Regeer Madelien V MV Department of Cardiology, Heart Center Leiden, Leiden University Medical Center, Albinusdreef 2, 2333 ZA Leiden, The - - 2014
The underlying mechanism of aortic regurgitation and aortic valve and root characteristics are associated with the durability of surgical repair. We investigated whether multidetector CT (MDCT) identifies the characteristics of the aortic valve and root that may be associated with the ability to perform successful surgical repair. Sixty-one patients with ...
Hapka Lukasz - - 2014
Abstract The study presented a case of a 58-year-old male patient treated for retroperitoneal fibrosis, right hydronephrosis, and right common iliac artery stenosis and saccular aneurysm of the above-mentioned vessel. The patient was qualified for endovascular treatment. Stentgraft implantation was performed with good long-term patency during more than 3 years ...
He Yue Y Professor, Department of Oral Maxillofacial-Head Neck Oncology, Faculty of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Shanghai, - - 2014
To investigate the application of the medial sural artery perforator flap in hemiglossectomy reconstruction and evaluate the value of preoperative computed tomographic angiography (CTA) for perforator location. Nine patients received medial sural artery perforator flaps for tongue reconstruction from August 2013 to January 2014. Of the 9 patients, 5 were ...
Adeli Hassan H Clinical Research Development Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, - - 2014
Primary pulmonary artery sarcomas are very rare and their histologic type called leiomyosarcoma is even rarer. These tumors are frequently misdiagnosed as pulmonary thromboembolism in clinical settings. Many patients receive anticoagulant therapy without response, and many are diagnosed postmortem only. Most of the tumors reported in the literature have involved ...
Musoke Charles - - 2014
Falciparum malaria is known to cause alterations in the coagulation cascade, including disseminated intravascular coagulation. Microthrombotic complications are the best described; however, a number of cases of thrombosis involving larger vessels have been published in the literature. Herein, we describe the case of a woman with malaria associated with massive ...
Baseri Mehdi M Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) has an important role in the both processes of inflammation and oxidative stress. It plays proatherogenic role via low-density lipoprotein oxidation, functional inactivation of the high-density lipoprotein and endothelial dysfunction, and seems to be involved in the atherogenesis of coronary arteries. This study designed to evaluate the association ...
Janić Miodrag M Department of Vascular Diseases, University of Ljubljana Medical Centre, Zaloška 7, SI 1000 Ljubljana, - - 2014
The world population is aging and the number of old people is continuously increasing. Arterial structure and function change with age, progressively leading to arterial stiffening. Arterial stiffness is best characterized by measurement of pulse wave velocity (PWV), which is its surrogate marker. It has been shown that PWV could ...
Fanari Zaher Z Section of Cardiology, Christiana Care Health System, Newark, DE 19718, - - 2014
Patients with multivessel coronary artery disease are more likely to have extensive atherosclerosis that involves other major arteries. Critical subclavian artery (SCA) stenosis can result in coronary subclavian steal syndrome that may present as recurrent ischemia and even myocardial infarction in patients with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). In patients ...
Miller Charles Philip CP Department of Cardiology, Buckinghamshire Trust, High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, - - 2014
Chronic cough has a wide differential, of which thoracic aortic aneurysm is a rare but potentially devastating cause. We present a patient with previous aortic valve replacement for a bicuspid valve who had been suffering from a chronic cough for 8 months and who developed subsequent voice hoarseness. This had been ...
Munk Marion R MR Department of Ophthalmology, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL 60611, USA. - - 2014
Retinal artery occlusion can be the first indicator of a significant cardiovascular disorder and the need for treatment. We present the case of a 69-year-old man with a cilioretinal artery occlusion and retinal ischemia. Retinal imaging, in particular fundus autofluorescence, highlighted an intraluminal hyperautofluorescent lesion which led to the diagnosis ...
Buczkowski P P Department of Cardiac Surgery and Transplantology, University of Medical Sciences Poznan, - - 2014
We present a case of the native valve used to complete closure of a ruptured aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva. Aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva is rare and a non-coronary artery is affected in only 20% of cases. To close the rupture, we decided to use a non-coronary ...
Donzé Jacques D JD Division of General Internal Medicine, Bern University Hospital, 3010 Bern, Switzerland Division of General Internal Medicine and Primary Care, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 02120 Boston, Massachusetts, USA Harvard Medical School, 02115 Boston, Massachusetts, USA - - 2014
To evaluate the impact of preoperative sepsis on risk of postoperative arterial and venous thromboses. Prospective cohort study using the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database of the American College of Surgeons (ACS-NSQIP). Inpatient and outpatient procedures in 374 hospitals of all types across the United States, 2005-12. 2 305 380 adults ...
Zhang Jing-Xia JX Department of Cardiology, Tianjin Chest Hospital, Tianjin 300051, - - 2014
Tissue factor (TF) is the initiation factor of the extrinsic coagulation pathway, and plays a critical role in the process of thrombosis. This study aimed to investigate the expression of TF and to explore their clinical effect on the pulmonary artery after acute pulmonary thromboembolism. Thirty-four Japanese white rabbits (Level ...
Pozgain Zrinka - - 2013
Dirofilaria immitis is a parasite transmitted by mosquito bites, where the most common primary hosts are dogs, cats and some wild animals. Humans become accidental hosts after being bitten by an infected mosquito and the number of such infections has rapidly increased during the last decade. We present a patient ...
Wang David S DS Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, Stanford University Medical Center, 300 Pasteur Drive, H3630, Stanford, CA 94305-5642, USA. - - 2013
Cutaneous complications can result from nontarget deposition during transcatheter arterial chemoembolization or radioembolization. Liver tumors may receive blood supply from parasitized extrahepatic arteries (EHAs) that also perfuse skin or from hepatic arteries located near the origin of the falciform artery (FA), which perfuses the anterior abdominal wall. To vasoconstrict cutaneous ...
Carretón E - - 2013
Dirofilaria immitis adult worms lodged in the pulmonary arteries are the causative agent of heartworm disease, characterized by endarteritis and obstruction of the blood flow. Dying worms form embolic fragments which trigger thrombosis. Thus, pulmonary thromboembolism is an inevitable consequence of successful adulticide therapy. Clinical signs of pulmonary thromboembolisms are ...
Bagga Veejay V Department of Intensive Care Medicine, Birmingham Heartlands Hospital, . Apartment 31, Queens View, 88 Park Grange Road, Sheffield, S2 3RY, Birmingham B9 5SS, - - 2013
We report a case of a 64-year-old woman who was admitted to intensive care unit with multiorgan failure secondary to Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Haemodynamic monitoring using the transpulmonary thermodilution with pulse contour analysis system (PiCCO) was achieved via the left brachial artery. Two days later, a flexion deformity of the ...
Mirsadraee Majid M Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad - - 2013
Pulmonary artery hypertension (PAH) is difficult to diagnose because of its nonspecific symptoms. Although echocardiography can reliably and rapidly recognize the presence of pulmonary hypertension, chest X ray (CXR) is more widely used because of its availability. The objective of this study was to find a parameter, which, by changing ...
Sazak Hilal Günal HG Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Atatürk Chest Disease and Thoracic Surgery Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, - - 2012
As a rare procedure, massive bronchoalveolar lavage (MBAL) is a large-volume lavage which necessitates general anesthesia and one-lung ventilation (OLV). During MBAL isotonic saline is instilled into one lung and drained through one lumen of a double-lumen tube. MBAL is the most effective treatment for symptomatic pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP). ...
Sharif-Kashani Babak - - 2012
Pulmonary embolism is major cause of hospital death. Clinical prediction rules such as Wells' prediction rules can help in selection of at-risk patients who need further testing for pulmonary embolism. We evaluated the usefulness of such criteria for detection of patients with diagnosed pulmonary embolism. Patients enrolled in National Research ...
Bayaroğullari Hanifi - - 2013
Hydatid disease (HD) is a worldwide parasitic disease. Echinococcosis may involve many organs but affect most commonly liver and lungs. The location of echinococcal cysts inside pulmonary artery is extremely rare. Radiologic findings range from purely cystic lesions to a completely solid appearance. Hydatid cysts (HC) can be solitary or ...
Firth Amy L - - 2012
Pulmonary Hypertension is a terminology encompassing a range of etiologically different pulmonary vascular diseases. The most common is that termed pulmonary arterial hypertension or PAH; a rare but often fatal disease characterized by a mean pulmonary arterial pressure of >25mmHg. PAH is associated with a complex etiology highlighted by core ...
Vuran Can C Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, İstanbul Medical Application and Research Center, Başkent University, İstanbul, - - 2012
The aim of this study was to analyze the midterm clinical results of aortic valve replacement with cryopreserved homografts. Aortic valve replacement was performed in 40 patients with cryopreserved homograft. The indications were aortic valve endocarditis in 20 patients (50%), truncus arteriosus in 6 patients (15%), and re-stenosis or regurtitation ...
Pankey Edward A - - 2012
Responses to a selective azaindole-based Rho kinase (ROCK) inhibitor (azaindole-1) were investigated in the rat. Intravenous injections of azaindole-1 (10-300 µg/kg), produced small decreases in pulmonary arterial pressure and larger decreases in systemic arterial pressure without changing cardiac output. Responses to azaindole-1 were slow in onset and long in duration. When ...
Giannakopoulos T G - - 2012
OBJECTIVES/DESIGN: The aim of the study was to investigate debris captured in filter embolic protection devices (EPDs) during carotid artery stenting (CAS) and its possible correlation with plaque echogenicity and other risk factors. MATERIALS/METHODS: Between June 2010 and March 2011, 51 consecutive CAS patients (11 females, mean age 71.2 ± 7, 10 ...
Antoniu Sabina Antonela - - 2012
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a rare disease with a complex pathogenesis. It is often associated with an increased vascular resistance, whilst in the more advanced stages there is a remodelling of the vascular walls. PAH has an intricate involvement of various signaling pathways, including the ras homolog family member ...
Waldkirch Eginhard S - - 2012
Introduction.  Rho kinases (ROKs) cause calcium-independent modulation of smooth muscle contraction. A significant role for the RhoA/ROK pathway in mediating the contraction of the penile erectile tissue has been suggested. Moreover, it has been postulated that ROK activity might represent a key factor in the pathophysiology of erectile dysfunction. Up ...
Margaritis Marios M Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Oxford, West Wing Level 6, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headley way, Oxford OX3 9DU, - - 2012
Saphenous vein grafts used in coronary artery bypass graft surgery suffer from lower patency rates compared to left internal mammary artery. A number of clinical trials and observational studies have demonstrated a significant benefit of statin treatment on vein graft patency. Aside from their well-known lipid-lowering capacities, statins exert pleiotropic ...
Cross J - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Endovascular technology has advanced rapidly in the development of fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR). Current evidence for endovascular aneurysm repair is limited to infra-renal aortic aneurysms. With increased costs and complexity of FEVAR, its current role is unclear. A national multicentre, cross-disciplinary consensus model was developed to propose indications ...
Kung David K - - 2012
Background. Coil and stent migration is a potentially catastrophic complication in endovascular neurosurgery, which may lead to cerebral thromboembolism. Techniques for removing migrated coil and stent are not well established. Methods and Results. We present three cases in which coil or stent migration occurred during endovascular embolization of a cerebral ...
Razi Ebrahim E Trauma Research Centre, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, - - 2012
Arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis is useful in evaluation of the clinical condition of critically ill patients; however, arterial puncture or insertion of an arterial catheter may cause many complications. The aim of this study was to determine whether venous blood gas (VBG) values can be used as an alternative ...
Frisbie J H - - 2012
Qualitative systematic review. To examine the validity of the prevailing notion that pulmonary embolism (PE) is rare in the chronic spinal cord injury (SCI) population. USA. Review surveys of adult SCI subjects >2 months after injury in which PE has been looked for and its prevalence estimated. A total of ...
Pate G - - 2011
A survey was conducted of medication administered during radial artery cannulation for coronary angiography in 2009 in Ireland; responses were obtained for 15 of 20 centres, in 5 of which no radial access procedures were undertaken. All 10 (100%) centres which provided data used heparin and one or more anti-spasmodics; ...
Khan Imtiaz R - - 2011
Phlegmasia cerulea dolens is a rare condition in which an extensive deep venous thrombus can partially or completely occlude venous outflow from the affected extremity. Clinical presentation is typically characterized by extremity edema, cyanosis, and pain. This condition is associated with a high rate of extremity amputation and mortality. Although ...
Liao Hsiu-Rong - - 2011
We report a rare malposition of a central venous catheter in a liver transplantation patient which occurred during an intensive care period. The waveform of central venous pressure was aberrant after connecting the catheter to the pressure kit transducer. It was misplaced into left internal mammary vein confirmed by thoracic ...
Hernandez Carlos Martinez - - 2011
We present a patient with an accidental self-inflicted stab wound to his right thigh in whom three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound was able to find two communications between the right femoral artery and the femoral vein, in contrast to two-dimensional (2D) peripheral ultrasound which could find only one communication between them, thereby ...
Eriksson Mats-Ola - - 2011
Background Careful pre-, intra- and postoperative diagnostics in endovascular treatment of thoracic aortic pathology is crucial for a favourable outcome. Computer tomography (CT) and digitally subtracted angiography (DSA) do not always provide sufficient diagnostic information. Purpose To report our primary experiences of using intraluminal phased-array imaging (IPAI) as an additive ...
Stein Andreas - - 2011
The report is on a 49-year-old patient who experienced life-threatening ventricular tachyarrhythmias caused by a pacemaker lead that was abandoned 26 years ago, migrated with its proximal ending to the main pulmonary artery and remained there asymptomatically for at least 3 years.
Pontone Gianluca - - 2011
We report the case of an asymptomatic 67-year-old man with positive ECG stress testing in whom low-dose multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) demonstrated a large aneurysm associated with critical stenoses of the mid left anterior descending coronary artery. A detailed anatomical depiction of this complex coronary lesion was obtained with MDCT ...
Clevert D A - - 2011
Carotid duplex ultrasound is the standard of care for the initial diagnosis of carotid artery bifurcation diseases. But in difficult examinations, carotid abnormalities are commonly encountered and may represent a diagnostic challenge in patients with clinical symptoms as well as in the follow up after carotid endarterectomy or carotid artery ...
Sachdeva Rajesh - - 2011
This case illustrates that fractional flow reserve (FFR) in addition to the severity and length of the coronary stenosis is critically dependent on the extent of viable myocardium perfused. In the presented case, the left anterior descending artery (LAD) that had modest angiographic stenosis supplied collaterals to the entire left ...
Davis Melissa F - - 2011
Using a rodent model of ischemia (permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion), our laboratory previously demonstrated that 4.27 minutes of patterned single-whisker stimulation delivered over 120 minutes can fully protect from impending damage when initiated within 2 hours of permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion ("early"). When initiated 3 hours postpermanent middle ...
Coppi Francesca - - 2011
Coronary artery anomalies are identified in approximately 1% of patients who undergo angiography; among these, circumflex branch agenesis represents 0.003%. A 38-year-old woman was brought to our emergency department with clinical findings suggestive of acute myocardial infarction. Absence of circumflex branch was reported during angiography. Further analysis showed great vessel ...
Tan M - - 2011
See also Tan M, Velthuis SI, Westerbeek RE, van Rooden CJ, van der Meer FJ, Huisman MV. High percentage of non-diagnostic compression ultrasonography results and the diagnosis of ipsilateral recurrent proximal deep vein thrombosis. J Thromb Haemost 2010; 8: 848-50; Hassen S, Barrellier MT, Seinturier C, Bosson JL, Genty C, ...
Lee Chih-Chia - - 2011
We report an unusual case of spontaneous coronary artery dissection in a 59-year-old patient with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease who presented with mild intermittent chest discomfort during hiking. Coronary computed tomography angiography revealed an unexpected dissection flap in the left main coronary artery extending to the proximal part of ...
Ramankutty Rajesh - - 2011
Abstract  Left main coronary artery aneurysm is a rare condition that presents as a potential surgical challenge due to its location. We present a case of successful repair of a posterior saccular aneurysm of the left main coronary artery by aneurysm exclusion, afferent and efferent ligation with coronary artery bypass ...
Huckstorf Katarina - - 2011
The phylogenetic position of Euphausiacea within Malacostraca is still under debate. Either they are seen as sister group to a taxon comprising Pancarida and Peracarida or closer related to Decapoda. Both hypotheses can be supported by characters of the circulatory system. Therefore, a comparative re-evaluation of the circulatory system seems ...
Gargani Luna - - 2011
For many years the lung has been considered off-limits for ultrasound. However, it has been recently shown that lung ultrasound (LUS) may represent a useful tool for the evaluation of many pulmonary conditions in cardiovascular disease. The main application of LUS for the cardiologist is the assessment of B-lines. B-lines ...
Xu Xiao-Li XL The Medical Team in Command Academy of the Frontier Control,Urumqi 830049,China (Xu XL); Emergency Medicine Department, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China (Wang W Meng HC); Emergency Medicine Department, 309 Hospital of the People's Liberation Army, Beijing 100091, China (Song ZJ, Ding H); School of Stomatology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an 710032, China (Duan XH, Chong - - 2011
The most common cause of death from paraquat (PQ) poisoning is respiratory failure from pulmonary fibrosis, which develops through pathological overproduction of extracellular matrix proteins such as collagens. In this study, a MicroCT system was used to observe dynamic changes of pulmonary fibrosis in rats with PQ poisoning, and find ...
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