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Milks Michael Wesley MW From the *Department of Internal Medicine, and †Section of Cardiology, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC; ‡Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, - - 2014
The assessment of right ventricular (RV) perfusion defects has remained challenging during vasodilator stress perfusion with cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR). The significance of RV signal abnormalities during vasodilator stress perfusion and late gadolinium-enhanced CMR is yet uncertain. Among 61 individuals who underwent adenosine CMR stress testing before cardiac catheterization, we ...
Tota-Maharaj Rajesh R Johns Hopkins Ciccarone Center for the Prevention of Heart Disease, Carnegie 565A, Johns Hopkins Hospital, 600 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21287, USA; Danbury Hospital, 24 Hospital Avenue, Danbury, CT 06810, - - 2014
Background: The Agatston coronary artery calcium (CAC) score predicts cardiovascular events through its association with overall burden of coronary atherosclerosis. It is unclear whether adding regional measures of CAC distribution to the Agatston score improves this association. Methods: We studied 920 consecutive patients (mean age 57 ± 12, 53% female), referred for ...
Siracuse Jeffrey J JJ Section of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Interventions, New York-Presbyterian Hospital, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY - - 2014
The external carotid artery can be an important collateral for cerebral perfusion in the presence of severe internal carotid artery (ICA) disease. ICA stenting that covers the ECA origin may put the ECA at increased risk of stenosis. Our objective was to determine the rate of ECA stenosis secondary to ...
Rijkée M P MP Vascular Surgery and Vascular Radiology Department, HagaZiekenhuis, The Hague, The - - 2014
To identify predictors of failure in percutaneous endovascular aneurysm repair (P-EVAR) using the Prostar XL Percutaneous Vascular Surgery Device (Abbot Vascular, Santa Clara, CA, USA) and the need for conversion to conventional femoral cutdown (O-EVAR). Consecutive patients who underwent P-EVAR with the Prostar XL device between January 2009 and April ...
Borowiec Anna A II Ischemic Heart Disease Department, Institute of Cardiology, Warsaw, - - 2014
The aim of the present study was to evaluate value of osteoprotegerin (OPG) in patients with degenerative aortic stenosis and preserved left-ventricular ejection fraction. We have prospectively followed 70 patients with aortic stenosis (mean aortic gradient ≥15 mmHg) and preserved left-ventricular ejection fraction for 1 year. In all patients, echocardiography and ...
Tsotetsi Sc S Department of Vascular Surgery, Steve Biko Academic Hospital, South Africa - - 2014
Aneurysms associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are pseudo-aneurysms and the pathology is unique to HIV vasculopathy. We report outcomes of endovascular therapy for HIV iliac artery aneurysms in a series of patients to augment the sparse literature on these aneurysms. The records from January 2010 to December 2013 of ...
Dreyer Stephan B SB Specialist Trainee in General Surgery, West of Scotland Deanery, Department of Vascular Surgery, Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh, UK - - 2014
The aim of this study was to determine whether there has been a change in annual ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm admissions and elective abdominal aortic aneurysm repairs in a tertiary vascular surgery department. All patients admitted with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm from 1987 to 2009 and all undergoing elective abdominal ...
Bervini D D Lausanne, Suisse. Electronic address: - - 2014
Somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) are commonly used to monitor cerebral activity during intracranial aneurysm surgery. Temporary arterial occlusion is sometimes necessary and brain physiological response is heterogeneous and highly dependent to patient's physiological conditions and vascular anatomy. The aim of this study was to analyse the relation between baseline SSEP ...
Ahn Jee Hwan JH 0000-0001-6653-998X Department of Internal Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, - - 2014
We aimed to identify a vasoreactive subset of patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) in Korea and to show their clinical characteristics and prognosis. Data on patients who were diagnosed with IPAH at Asan Medical Center between January 1994 and March 2013 were retrospectively collected. Acute vasodilator testing was ...
Ryu Wi-Sun WS Department of Neurology, Dongguk University Ilsan Hospital, Goyang, Republic of - - 2014
Background: Intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) is a major cause of ischemic stroke in Asians. Despite the clinical importance of ICAS, the literature on the natural history of ICAS has been less enlightening. The aims of our study were to evaluate a long-term natural course of symptomatic and asymptomatic ICAS. Methods: ...
Kalteis Manfred M Department of cardiovascular Surgery, Klinikum Wels-Grieskirchen, Wels, Austria Department of Surgery, Elisabethinen Hospital, Linz, Austria - - 2014
To report the long-term results for patients treated with endovascular aneurysm repair and additional embolization and coverage of the hypogastric artery compared with patients treated with simple endovascular aneurysm repair. A database of our endovascular aneurysm repair patient cohort was reviewed to find patients with iliac artery aneurysms. The baseline ...
Nijjer Sukhjinder S SS Imperial College London, London, United - - 2014
The aim of this study was to perform hemodynamic mapping of the entire vessel using motorized pullback of a pressure guidewire with continuous instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR) measurement. Serial stenoses or diffuse vessel narrowing hamper pressure wire-guided management of coronary stenoses. Characterization of functional relevance of individual stenoses or narrowed segments ...
Douglas Pamela S PS Duke Clinical Research Institute and Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina. Electronic address: - - 2014
Inoperable aortic stenosis may be treated with either transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) or medical management (MM) with or without balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV). The aim of this study was to compare the long-term echocardiographic findings among TAVR, MM, and BAV in patients with severe, inoperable aortic stenosis. A total ...
Raymond Timothy E TE Cleveland Clinic, Department of Hospital Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, United States ; - - 2014
Proper and early identification of patients whom harbour serious occult illness is the first step in developing a disease management strategy. Identification of illnesses through the use of non-invasive techniques provides assurance of patient safety and is ideal. Pulmonary artery dilation is easily measured non-invasively and it is usually caused ...
Wadia Rajeev S RS From the *Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Division of Pediatric Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD; †Divisions of Critical Care Medicine and Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Children's National Medical Center, Washington, DC; and ‡Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine & Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, - - 2014
Aortic dissection secondary to thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms is very uncommon in children, and this life-threatening diagnosis requires a high clinical index of suspicion. Unlike adults, in whom atherosclerosis, inflammation, and advanced age are typically contributing factors, aortic dissection in children is usually due to nonatherosclerotic causes.Aortic aneurysms can be asymptomatic ...
Celestin Carey C Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, LA, 70148, - - 2014
The central aortic shunt, consisting of a Gore-Tex (polytetrafluoroethylene) tube (graft) connecting the ascending aorta to the pulmonary artery, is a palliative operation for neonates with cyanotic congenital heart disease. These tubes often have an extended length, and therefore must be angulated to complete the connection to the posterior pulmonary ...
Jang Gi Young GY Department of Pediatrics, Korea University Hospital, Ansan, - - 2014
We investigated the course of coronary aneurysm with a diameter > 6 mm in Kawasaki disease (KD), as well as related therapeutic trends and prognosis in Korea. We performed a nationwide questionnaire survey in 77 hospitals, conducting a retrospective study of patients with KD who had coronary aneurysms with a ...
Bramlage Peter - - 2014
In patients with severe calcific aortic stenosis, balloon aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) is routinely performed in order to pre-dilate the stenosed aortic valve prior to transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Although pre-dilation is considered to be essential for the preparation of the valve landing zone, there is no clear evidence to ...
van Oppen James D JD The University of Nottingham Medical School, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, United Kingdom. - - 2014
Transcutaneous carbon dioxide (PtcCO2 ) monitoring is rarely used in the acute hospital setting, where serial samples of arterial blood are instead taken to measure carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2 ). In this pilot observational study, we assessed the potential of PtcCO2 monitoring to calculate pH and guide management of acute ...
Porzionato Andrea A Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Padova, Padova, - - 2014
Diffuse pulmonary ossification (DPO) is a rare condition characterized by diffuse metaplastic bone formation in the lungs. Two patterns have been described: dendriform, with a coral-like network of bone spiculae along the alveolar septa; and nodular, with lobulated fragments in the alveolar spaces. Dendriform DPO is frequently associated with chronic ...
Champion Sébastien S Réanimation Polyvalente, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de la Réunion, Saint Denis, France - - 2014
Recent series reported excellent results of surgical embolectomy in patients with acute pulmonary embolism with mortality rates of about 5-9% (range 0-13%). However, very low mortality of patients receiving medical treatment for intermediate-risk pulmonary embolism (1.5 and 2.8% at 7 and 30 days, respectively) was recently reported. Thus, we would ...
Yamamoto Satoshi S Department of Vascular Surgery, The University of Tokyo Hospital, Tokyo, - - 2014
The object of the study is to determine the long-term outcomes of surgical treatment of patients with popliteal artery entrapment syndrome at a single institute. We retrospectively reviewed 19 limbs of 16 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for popliteal artery entrapment syndrome at our hospital over the past 36 years. ...
Duan Guoli G Department of Neurosurgery, Changhai Hospital, Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, - - 2014
We evaluated the correlation between posterior communicating artery (PcomA) aneurysm rupture and morphological and hemodynamic parameters to assess related rupture risk indices. Six patients with PcomA aneurysms that ultimately ruptured (cases) were studied after initially being included in a prospective database including their three-dimensional (3D) imaging before rupture. For each ...
Gray William A WA Columbia Presbyterian Medical Center/New York Presbyterian Hospital, 161 Fort Washington Avenue, New York, NY 10032. Electronic address: - - 2014
To assess safety and efficacy of the S.M.A.R.T. Vascular Stent System (Cordis Corp, Fremont, California) in obstructive superficial femoral artery (SFA) disease. The single-arm, multicenter STROLL study (S.M.A.R.T. Nitinol Self-Expanding Stent in the Treatment of Obstructive Superficial Femoral Artery Disease) included 250 patients (250 lesions in SFA or proximal popliteal ...
McNamara J R JR Department of Surgery, Cork University Hospital, Cork, Ireland. Electronic address: - - 2014
To investigate variability in the level of bifurcation relative to other anatomical landmarks on computed tomography (CT) and to develop an objective and reproducible technique for identifying patients with a high carotid bifurcation who might therefore be at greater risk of operative complications. This was a retrospective cross-sectional, imaging study. ...
Ilyas S S Addenbrooke's Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 0QQ, UK. Electronic address: - - 2014
Endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) is a well-established procedure, which has long-term mortality rates similar to that of open repair. It has the additional benefit of being less invasive, making it the favoured method of treating abdominal aortic aneurysms in elderly and high-risk patients with multiple co-morbidities. The main ...
Oh Se-Yang SY Department of Neurosurgery, Inha University School of Medicine and Hospital, Incheon, Republic of - - 2014
Advances in endovascular treatment (EVT) have greatly improved the treatment outcomes of paraclinoid aneurysms. However, EVT had the shortcoming of durability and thromboembolic complications. As well, surgical treatment of paraclinoid aneurysms is still challenging due to the complexity of adjacent structures. The objective of this study is to report our ...
Elbadawy A A Vascular Surgery Department, Assiut University Hospital, Assiut,Egypt - - - 2014
to demonstrate the impact of duplex arterial mapping on decision making in non--acute ischemic limb patient group reporting pain onset between 15 days and 3 months. We prospectively evaluated patients presented with critical limb ischemia who reported pain onset of duration between 15 days and 3 months in one--year period. ...
Taniguchi Ryosuke R Division of Vascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of - - 2014
Aim: The viscoelastic properties of the artery are known to be altered in patients with vascular diseases. However, few studies have evaluated the viscoelasticity of the vascular wall in humans. We sought to investigate the degree of viscoelastic deterioration of the carotid artery and assess its clinical implications.Methods: Between January ...
Dournes Gaël G Univ. Bordeaux, Centre de Recherche Cardio-Thoracique de Bordeaux, U1045, Bordeaux, France, Inserm, Centre de Recherche Cardio-Thoracique de Bordeaux, U1045, CIC1401, Bordeaux, France, CHU Bordeaux, Service d'Imagerie Thoracique et Cardio-vasculaire, BORDEAUX, France ; - - 2014
Purpose: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an established complication of advanced COPD associated with increased mortality. The mechanisms coupling PH and bronchial obstruction are unknown; in particular PH appears unrelated to emphysema. We hypothesized that CT measurement of airway remodeling instead of emphysema may correlate with PH in COPD. Material and ...
Isselbacher Eric M EM Massachusetts General Hospital Thoracic Aortic Center & Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA - - 2014
In this issue of Circulation, Sidloff and colleagues have presented their findings that, among 18 World Health Organization member states over a period of 16 years (from 1994 to 2010), there has been a reduction in the age-standardized mortality from both thoracic aortic aneurysm and dissection.(1) If one considers the ...
Bor A Stijntje E AS From the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Brain Center Rudolf Magnus, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands (A.S.E.B., A.T.T.G., G.J.E.R.); Division of Neuroradiology, Department of Medical Imaging, Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (A.T.T.G., K.G.t., R.A.); Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands (B.K.V.); and Department of Neurology, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, The Netherlands (M.J.H.W.). - - 2014
Unruptured intracranial aneurysms are frequently followed to monitor aneurysm growth. We studied the yield of follow-up imaging and analyzed risk factors for aneurysm growth. We included patients with untreated, unruptured intracranial aneurysms and ≥6 months of follow-up imaging from 2 large prospectively collected databases. We assessed the proportion of patients ...
Rettmann Maryam E ME Biomedical Imaging Resource, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, MN 55905, United - - 2014
Geometric analysis of the left atrium and pulmonary veins is important for assessing reverse structural remodeling following cardiac ablation therapy. Most volumetric analysis techniques, however, require laborious manual tracing of image cross-sections. Pulmonary vein diameters are typically measured at the junction between the left atrium and pulmonary veins, called the ...
Poncyljusz Wojciech W Departament of Interventional Radiology, Pomeranian Medical University, Neurointerventional Cath Lab MSW Hospital, Al. Powst. Wielkopolskich 72, 70-111 Szczecin, Poland. Electronic address: - - 2014
The HydroCoil Embolic System (HES) was developed to improve aneurysm filling to provide superior occlusion efficacy, reduce retreatment rates and enhance long-term durability. We performed a randomized clinical trial to compare the effectiveness of bare platinum coils (BPC) vs. HES for unruptured intracranial aneurysms. Ninety-six patients underwent endovascular coiling of ...
Kanber B B Department of Cardiovascular Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, - - 2014
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of a novel ultrasound-based carotid plaque risk index (CPRI) in predicting the presence of cerebrovascular symptoms in patients with carotid artery stenosis. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional, observational study involving 56 patients (mean age 76.6 years, 62.5 % ...
Waldo Stephen W SW Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, - - 2014
-Decisions to proceed with surgical versus percutaneous revascularization for multivessel coronary artery disease are often based on subtle clinical information that may not be captured in contemporary registries. The present study sought to evaluate the association between surgical ineligibility documented in the medical record and long-term mortality among patients with ...
Singh Sushil Kumar SK Department of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India - - 2014
Thromboelastography enables complete evaluation of the process of clot initiation, the structural characteristics of the formed clot and its stability. Many previous studies have assessed the predictive role of thromboelastography in on-pump cardiac surgery, but there are no clear guidelines on its use in off-pump coronary artery bypass. The aim ...
Harris Brett S BS From the Heart and Vascular Center, Medical University of South Carolina, Ashley River Tower, MSC 226, 25 Courtenay Dr, Charleston, SC - - 2014
Purpose To assess the accuracy of computed tomographic (CT) examinations performed for the purpose of transcatheter aortic valve replacement ( TAVR transcatheter aortic valve replacement ) planning to diagnose obstructive coronary artery disease ( CAD coronary artery disease ). Materials and Methods With institutional review board approval, waivers of informed ...
Zheng Jian J Department of Neurosurgery, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, - - 2014
Multiple cerebral aneurysms resulting from cardiac myxoma is a very rare disease, and the optimal treatment is not yet determined. We present 2 cases of multiple cerebral myxomatous aneurysms and give an overview of the English literature pertaining to this disease. We described 2 new cases of multiple cerebral myxomatous ...
Patterson Benjamin Oliver BO St George's Vascular Institute, St George's Hospital, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
Different methods have been used to assess remodeling of the thoracic aorta after endovascular treatment of Stanford type B aortic dissections. Changes in morphology may be described using diameter, area, or volume. The aim of this study was to determine if aortic diameter measurements could be used to approximate aortic ...
Dedmon Matthew M Department of Otolaryngology - Head & Neck Surgery, Massachusetts Eye & Ear Infirmary, Boston, Massachusetts, United States ; Department of Otology & Laryngology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United - - 2014
Internal carotid artery injury is a rare and devastating complication of endoscopic sinus and skull base surgery that has an associated mortality rate of 15%. This case describes a patient who developed massive epistaxis following routine sinus surgery and was eventually diagnosed with a pseudoaneurysm of the cavernous internal carotid ...
Takashima Akira A Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, The University of Tokushima Graduate School of Health Biosciences, Tokushima, - - 2014
Here, we histopathologically compare four patients undergoing coronary artery bypass with coronary endarterectomy and onlay patch grafting for in-stent restenosis (ISR) after the implantation of a bare-metal stent (BMS), sirolimus-eluting stent (SES), or paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES) in an everolimus-eluting stent (EES). Heterogeneity of ISR was noted histopathologically. In ISR for ...
Oh Hyung-Geun HG From the Department of Neurology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan, Korea (H.-G.O.); and Departments of Neurology (P.-W.C.) and Endocrinology and Metabolism (E.-J.R.), Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, - - 2014
Intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) is considered an important cause of stroke in Asians. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is a surrogate marker for subclinical atherosclerosis. We aimed to analyze the association of ICAS assessed by transcranial Doppler ultrasonography and CAC in middle-aged Korean population. This study included 10 550 participants (81.3% men, ...
Hodis Simona S Neuroradiology Research Laboratory, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota, - - 2014
Implanted, actual flow diverter pore density is thought to be strongly influenced by proper matching between the device size and parent artery diameter. The objective of this study was to characterize the correlation between device sizing, metal coverage, and the resultant occlusion of aneurysms following flow diverter treatment in a ...
Lian Jiangfang J Ningbo Medical Center, Lihuili Hospital, School of Medicine, Ningbo University, Ningbo, Zhejiang 315000, P.R. - - 2015
Coronary artery disease (CAD) is mainly caused by atherosclerosis, which is closely associated with the C-reactive protein (CRP), a systemic inflammatory mediator. The aim of the present study was to examine whether the CRP rs2794520 polymorphism played a role in the risk of CAD. A total of 459 CAD patients ...
Mazzaccaro D D Ist Unit of Vascular Surgery, IRCCS Policlinico San Donato, University of Milan, San Donato Milanese, Italy. Electronic address: - - 2014
To analyze the variability of origin of the celiac trunk (CT), the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), the right renal artery (RRA), and the left renal artery (LRA) in terms of mutual distances, angle from the sagittal aortic axis (clock position), and ostial diameters on computed tomography angiographies (CTAs) in three ...
Ozturk Derya D Department of Cardiology, Istanbul Mehmet Akif Ersoy Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey - - 2014
We investigated the association between the preoperative logistic clinical syntax score (log CSS), saphenous vein graft (SVG) patency, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) after coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). Of 1875 patients undergoing isolated CABG between 2009 and 2011, 267 patients, who later underwent coronary angiography, were ...
Raja Shahzad G SG Department of Cardiac Surgery, Harefield Hospital, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address: - - 2014
The internal mammary artery is universally recognised as the preferred conduit for coronary artery bypass grafting. Accumulating evidence in recent years has demonstrated the superiority of bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) grafting over single internal mammary artery grafting in terms of survival, event-free survival, and freedom from re-intervention. The survival ...
Schmelter Christopher C Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Klinikum Ingolstadt, Krumenauerstraße 25, 85049, Ingolstadt, Germany, - - 2014
The study was designed to assess outcomes of arteriovenous (AV) accesses after interventional stent-graft deployment in haemodialysis patients. 63 haemodialysis patients with 66 AV fistulas and AV grafts were treated by interventional stent-graft deployment from 2006 to 2012 at our hospital. Data of these patients were retrospectively analysed for location ...
Fujihara Masahiko M Department of Cardiology, Kishiwada Tokushukai Hospital, Kishiwada, Japan; Department of Medicine and Biosystemic Science, Kyushu University Graduate, School of Medical Sciences, Fukuoka, - - 2014
Objectives: To assess the safety and efficacy of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) angiography-guided endovascular therapy (EVT) for renal, iliofemoral artery disease. Background: Patients with peripheral vascular disease (PVD) often have chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the use of iodinated contrast media may enhance the risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN). Contrast ...
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