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Velez Erik E University of Newcastle Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, John Hunter Hospital, Lookout Rd, New Lambton Heights, Newcastle, NSW 2905, Australia. - - 2014
Severe tortuosity of the right subclavian artery (RSCA) encountered during transradial cardiac catheterization can lead to longer procedures, increased fluoroscopy time, inability to engage the coronary artery ostia, and potentially procedural failure. Increasing age is strongly correlated with subclavian tortuosity; however, the magnitude and direction of age-related changes in aortic ...
Poncelet Alain Jean AJ Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Cliniques universitaires Saint-Luc, Brussels, Belgium. Electronic address: - - 2014
One drawback of the arterial switch operation for treating transposition of the great arteries is the occurrence of coronary lesions, found during follow-up in about 5% of (a)symptomatic children. The established corrective procedures include coronary artery proximal patch arterioplasty or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). To avoid aortic manipulations and ...
Maeda Koichi K Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, - - 2014
Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a rare disease characterized by occlusive intracranial arteriopathy with formation of abnormal cerebrovascular collateral networks. Conventional cardiovascular surgical procedures using cardiopulmonary bypass for patients with MMD is challenging because low cerebral perfusion pressure and nonpulsatile (continuous) flow during cardiopulmonary bypass can cause severe cerebral ischemia. We ...
Hurks Rob R Department of Vascular Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands; Experimental Cardiology Laboratory, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: - - 2014
Popliteal artery aneurysms (PAAs) and abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) frequently coincide; however, symptoms differ. We systematically assessed aneurysm cellular wall composition and inflammatory markers to compare both anatomic locations. Aneurysmal walls of 38 PAAs and 198 AAAs were harvested from patients undergoing elective open surgical repair. Elastin, collagen, smooth muscle ...
Hughes G Chad GC Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina. Electronic address: - - 2014
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) for chronic DeBakey IIIb dissection with associated descending aneurysm remains controversial. This study examines long-term results of TEVAR for this disorder including examination of anatomic features associated with TEVAR outcomes. Between July 2005 and January 2013, 32 patients underwent TEVAR for chronic (>30 days) DeBakey ...
Jones Steven M SM 1 Liverpool Vascular and Endovascular Service, Royal Liverpool Hospital, Liverpool, - - 2014
Purpose : To present confirmed cases of type IIIb endoleak in second and third-generation stent-grafts used for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Case Reports : Four patients developed type IIIb endoleak caused by fabric tears between 4 and 13 years following their initial EVAR. Three patients presented with rupture and one ...
Huang Chen C Department of Vascular Surgery, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital, the Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, People's Republic of - - 2014
Purpose : To characterize type A aortic dissection (TAAD) in the Chinese population using high-resolution computed tomography (CT) and explore potential candidacy for endovascular repair of TAAD. Methods : The imaging studies and medical records of all 302 patients presenting with TAAD at two Chinese hospitals from 2010 to 2013 ...
Hosaka A A Department of Surgery, Tokyo Metropolitan Tama Medical Center, Musashidai, Fuchu-shi, Tokyo, Japan - - - 2014
Despite improvements in therapeutic modalities, the treatment of arterial aneurysms complicating Behçet's disease (BD) is still challenging. This study examined the long-term prognosis after surgery for arterial aneurysms in BD. This study included 9 patients with BD (8 men and 1 woman) who underwent surgery for arterial aneurysms between 1989 ...
Choi Moon Hyung MH From the Department of Radiology, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital (M.H.C., J.I.J., W.D.C., D.H.H., M.I.A., S.H.P.), and Catholic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Center (Y.J.K., S.E.L.), College of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea, 222 Banpo-daero, Seocho-gu, Seoul 137-701, - - 2014
Various acute pulmonary complications may occur in patients with hematologic malignancies because they are in an immunocompromised state due to systemic disease or to chemotherapy or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Pulmonary complications may arise from other treatment regimens, as well, or from direct pulmonary involvement in the malignant disease process. ...
Meredith Am Ian T IT MonashHEART, Monash Health, and Monash University, Clayton, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: - - 2014
Transcatheter aortic valve replacement provides results comparable to those of surgery in patients at high surgical risk, but complications can impact long-term outcomes. The Lotus valve, designed to improve upon earlier devices, is fully repositionable and retrievable, with a unique seal to minimize paravalvular regurgitation (PVR). The prospective, single-arm, multicenter ...
D'Souza Stanlies S Department of Neuroanesthesiology, Baystate Medical Center, Tufts University School of Medicine, Springfield, - - 2014
Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a worldwide health burden with high fatality and permanent disability rates. The overall prognosis depends on the volume of the initial bleed, rebleeding, and degree of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI). Cardiac manifestations and neurogenic pulmonary edema indicate the severity of SAH. The International Subarachnoid Aneurysm ...
Rodés-Cabau Josep J From the Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Quebec City, Quebec, Canada (J.-R.C., P.P., E.D.); Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN (R.M.S.); Columbia University Medical Center/NewYork Presbyterian Hospital (S.K., R.T.H., M.B.L.); Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA (V.H.T.); Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (W.Y.S.); Cleveland Clinic, OH (L.G.S.); and Cardiovascular Research Foundation, New York, NY (K.X.). - - 2014
The objective was to evaluate the effects of aortic annulus size on valve hemodynamics and clinical outcomes in those patients included in the Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves (PARTNER) randomized controlled trial cohort A and the nonrandomized continued access cohort. Patients included the randomized controlled trial (n=574) and nonrandomized continued ...
Chen Hong H Department of Respiratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, - - 2014
Randomized trials and meta-analyses have reached conflicting conclusions regarding the risk benefit ratio of thrombolytic therapy or anticoagulant therapy in patients with moderate pulmonary embolism. To investigate the effect of initial thrombolysis and anticoagulant therapy in patients with moderate pulmonary embolism, we performed an updated meta-analysis. We searched the MEDLINE, ...
Hiteshi Amit K AK Los Angeles Biomedical Research Institute, Department of Medicine, Harbor University of California Los Angeles Medical Center, Torrance, - - 2014
Smaller coronary artery diameter portends worse outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The suggestion that women have smaller coronary artery diameters than men has not been validated by a large-scale study. We sought to confirm a gender difference with respect to coronary artery diameter, ...
Matsumoto Juntaro J Department of Neurosurgery, Faculty of Medicine, Fukuoka University, - - 2014
The purpose of this study was to clarify the features of posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) dissection. We prospectively registered 93 consecutive patients and 108 arteries with confirmed diagnoses of dissection in the vertebral artery (VA) or PICA between February 2007 and January 2014. Patients were diagnosed with arterial dissection ...
Lee Young-Hoon YH Department of Preventive Medicine & Institute of Wonkwang Medical Science, Wonkwang University School of Medicine, Iksan, Jeonbuk, South Korea; Regional Cardiocerebrovascular Center, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, Jeonbuk, South - - 2014
Objectives: There is little evidence for an association between gamma-glutamyltransferase (GGT) and carotid atherosclerosis, an independent predictor of cardiovascular disease. We examined the association between serum GGT and carotid atherosclerotic parameters, including carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and plaques, in a large general population. Methods: The study population consisted of community-dwelling ...
Ito Yoshiro Y Department of Neurosurgery, Tsukuba Medical Center - - 2014
The natural history of aneurysms of the major arteries after revascularization in moyamoya disease has yet to be documented. At our institute, we treated two patients with moyamoya disease-associated aneurysms involving major arteries of the posterior cerebral circulation. The aneurysms became enlarged at an early stage after revascularization, necessitating coil ...
Zhao Yuanting Y Department of Spine Surgery, Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University College of Medicine;No 555, Friendship Road, District Beilin, Xi'an, - - 2014
Study Design. A case report and literature review.Objective. To present a case of dynamic detection of a large pulmonary cement embolus as it formed and migrated during percutaneous vertebroplasty, which was successfully managed by percutaneous endovascular retrieval.Summary of Background Data. Pulmonary embolism resulting from cement leakage following percutaneous vertebroplasty to ...
Yamamoto Teppei T Department of Urology and Andrology, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata, Osaka, - - 2014
A 71-year-old male patient who was diagnosed with renal cell carcinoma (cT1aN0M0) underwent a laparoscopic left partial nephrectomy. Because the bleeding could not be controlled, conversion to laparotomy was instigated. A ureteral stent was placed on confirmation of postoperative urine leakage from the drain, but the volume of drainage did ...
Masuzawa Yuko Y Department of Pediatrics, Yokohama City University Medical Center, Yokohama, - - 2014
Although there are many reports on the resistance of Kawasaki disease (KD) to initial intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) therapy, risk factors for coronary artery lesions in such cases remain to be established. The objective of this study was to explore when additional therapies should be administered and to identify factors helpful ...
Hess Connie N CN Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke Medicine, Durham, - - 2014
-Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) success is limited by vein graft failure (VGF). Understanding factors associated with VGF may improve patient outcomes. -We examined 1828 participants in the PREVENT IV trial undergoing protocol-mandated follow-up angiography 12-18 months post-CABG or earlier clinically-driven angiography. Outcomes included patient- and graft-level angiographic VGF (≥75% ...
Elgharably Haytham H Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Heart and Vascular Institute, Cleveland, OH, - - 2014
Saphenous vein graft aneurysm is a relatively rare but serious complication of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The diagnosis of such cases is clinically challenging and requires a high index of suspicion, especially if presented atypically or very late after CABG. Herein, we report a case of a saphenous vein ...
Knott-Craig Christopher J CJ 1Division of Pediatric Cardiovascular Surgery,Le Bonheur Children's Hospital,University of Tennessee Health Science Center,Memphis,Tennessee,United States of - - 2014
Objective: Symptomatic neonates with Ebstein's anomaly pose significant challenge. Within this cohort, neonates with associated anatomical pulmonary atresia have higher mortality. We review our experience with this difficult subset. Methods: A total of 32 consecutive symptomatic neonates with Ebstein's anomaly underwent surgical intervention between 1994 and 2013. Of them, 20 ...
Bhyravavajhala Srinivas S Department of Cardiology, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, - - 2014
Pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) is a crucial parameter in the management of patients with left-to-right shunt lesions. Cardiac catheterization (Cath) is the gold standard test to assess PVR (PVRcath ), but it is invasive and hence, risky in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). A noninvasive tool to assess PVR ...
Lin Ning N 1Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 2Department of Neurosurgery, Gates Vascular Institute/Kaleida Health, Buffalo, NY 3Department of Neurology, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 4Department of Radiology, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 5Toshiba Stroke and Vascular Research Center, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY 6Jacobs Institute, Buffalo, - - 2014
Coiling in conjunction with Pipeline embolization device placement could provide immediate dome protection and an intraaneurysmal scaffold to prevent device prolapse for intracranial aneurysms with high rupture risk and complex anatomy. To report results after treatment of aneurysms with PED with or without coils at a single-institution. In this case-controlled ...
Can Anil A 1Department of Neurosurgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA 2These two authors contributed equally to this - - 2014
The pathogenesis of intracranial aneurysms (IAs) is multifactorial and includes genetic, environmental, and anatomical influences. Hemodynamic stress plays a particular role in the formation of IAs, which is conditioned by the geometry and morphology of the vessel trees. To identify image-based morphological parameters that correlated with the formation of basilar ...
Nussbaum Eric S ES National Brain Aneurysm Center at the John Nasseff Neuroscience Institute, Allina Health, United Hospital, St. Paul, - - 2014
Selected intracranial aneurysms still require parent artery occlusion. Although such occlusion is usually performed proximal to the aneurysm, in rare instances it may be difficult or impossible to access the proximal parent artery. To describe the use of parent artery sacrifice distal to the aneurysm (distal outflow occlusion) in the ...
Qin Jizheng J The Center of Diagnosis and Treatment for Joint Disease, Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Medical School of Nanjing University, Zhongshan Road 321, Nanjing, 210008, Jiangsu, People's Republic of - - 2014
Deep vein thrombosis is one of the common complications of orthopedic surgery, and pulmonary embolism which is one of its lethal complications can lead to mortality. Numerous efforts have been made to identify reliable and predictive biomarkers to detect the early signs of deep vein thrombosis. These studies have, however, ...
Platz Johannes J Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University, Department of Neurosurgery, Schleusenweg 2-16 D, 60528, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, - - 2014
Data on arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the brain with AVM-associated aneurysms (AAA) are scarce. This study addresses the incidence, rate of hemorrhage, treatment strategies and stability during follow-up in a neurovascular center. We retrospectively reviewed patients harboring an AVM with at least one AAA treated at our neurovascular center between ...
Dinc T T Ankara Numune Teaching Hospital General Surgery Clinic, Ankara, - - 2014
Despite advances in surgery and intensive care, mortality in acute mesenteric ischemia remains between 50% and 90%. In this study, we evaluated factors affecting mortality in acute arterial mesenteric ischemia. This is a retrospective cohort study involving 73 patients with an initial diagnosis of arterial acute mesenteric ischemia admitted to ...
da Silva Erasmo S ES Hospital das Clínicas, Vascular and Endovascular Division, Department of Surgery, University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil - - 2014
To analyze the characteristics of patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms referred to a tertiary center and to compare with individuals with abdominal aortic aneurysm found at necropsy. We have retrospectively analyzed the medical records of 556 patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm and 102 cases abdominal aortic aneurysm found at necropsy. ...
Qu Shao-Hui SH Department of Ultrasound, Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, - - 2014
To observe the geometric changes in aortic-mitral valve coupling (AMC) on three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography and the factors leading to decreased mitral regurgitation (MR) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). This study included 23 patients undergoing CABG for coronary artery disease. Fifteen patients with moderate to severe MR were separately analyzed ...
Wang Sarah B SB Centre for Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology and Westmead Millennium Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, - - 2014
To describe the prevalence of early, late and any age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a clinical cohort (Australian Heart Eye Study, AHES) and to determine whether associations exist between extent and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) and AMD, independent of traditional cardiovascular risk factors. The AHES is an observational ...
Sunahara Hiroshi H Laboratory of Surgery 1, Azabu - - 2014
A two-month-old female Chihuahua was diagnosed as severe pulmonary valvular stenosis (PS). Although balloon valvuloplasty (BV) was successfully performed, restenosis was observed 19 months after the procedure. Euthanasia was chosen due to low output syndrome during the surgical repair attempted when the dog was 5 years old. Postmortem examination revealed ...
Morgan Courtney E CE Department of Surgery, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, - - 2014
To determine anatomic and plaque-related risk factors for patients undergoing carotid artery stenting. A retrospective review of patients from a prospectively maintained database undergoing carotid artery stenting at our institution between 2001 and 2010 was performed. Preoperative imaging studies (ie, ultrasound, computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, and angiograms) were ...
Liu Jun J Department of Cardiology, The 1st Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, - - 2014
Transradial access has become commonly used for elective evaluation of patients with coronary artery disease, but it has some disadvantages and has had limited use in the acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Because the diameter of the ulnar artery is usually larger than that of the radial artery, we hypothesized that ...
Troutman Douglas A DA Section of Vascular Surgery, Pennsylvania Hospital, Philadelphia, - - 2014
We previously showed that duplex ultrasound (DU) imaging is beneficial in the diagnosis of failing vein and prosthetic grafts performed for arterial occlusive disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether DU imaging can reliably diagnose failing stent grafts (ie, covered stents) placed for arterial occlusive disease. Between ...
Pepino Paolo P Unità Operativa di Cardiochirurgia, Presidio Ospedaliero Pineta Grande, Castel Volturno, - - 2014
Surgical coronary revascularization is being performed with ever increasing frequency in patients at high surgical risk. Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) is particularly appealing in such subjects, but may limit the options for concomitant mechanical circulatory support. We hereby report an original case of mechanical circulatory support with the ...
Zhang Yongxue Y Division of Vascular Surgery, Changhai Hospital, Shanghai, China; Military Institute of Vascular Disease, the First Affiliated Hospital of the Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, - - 2014
Total endovascular repair of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms with customized branched or fenestrated endografts could be technically challenging outside large-volume centers. This study aims to describe a new endovascular strategy for use of both noncustomized stent grafts and flow-diverting stents in treating complicated thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. Patients diagnosed with thoracoabdominal aortic ...
Mohammadi Siamak - - 2014
BackgroundWe sought to determine the early and long-term results of in-situ bilateral internal mammary artery (BIMA) grafting in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG).MethodsBetween 1992 and 2011, 16,364 patients underwent primary isolated CABG involving at least one in-situ IMA at our institution. Among these, 1,977 patients underwent in-situ ...
Sibley Christopher T CT NIH Clinical Center, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, - - 2014
-Patients with Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD) suffer immunodeficiency due to defects in the phagocyte NADPH oxidase (NOX2) and concomitant reduction in reactive oxygen intermediates. This may result in a reduction in atherosclerotic injury. -We prospectively assessed the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors, biomarkers of inflammation and neutrophil activation, and the ...
Pilt K K Department of Biomedical Engineering, Tallinn University of Technology, Ehitajate tee 5, 19086 Tallinn, - - 2014
The aim of this research was to assess the validity of the photoplethysmographic (PPG) waveform index PPGAI for the estimation of increased arterial stiffness. For this purpose, PPG signals were recorded from 24 healthy subjects and from 20 type II diabetes patients. The recorded PPG signals were processed with the ...
Gopal Deepa M DM Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, - - 2014
Biomarkers of cardiovascular stress have been associated with incident cardiovascular outcomes. Their relations with measures of subclinical atherosclerosis, as assessed by carotid intima-media thickness, have not been well described. We measured plasma growth differentiation factor-15 (GDF-15), soluble ST2 (sST2), and high-sensitivity troponin I (hsTnI) in 3111 Framingham Offspring participants who ...
Benedik Jaroslav J Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, West-German Heart Center, University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg Essen, Essen, Germany - - 2014
A bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is commonly associated with aortic wall abnormalities, including dilatation of the ascending aorta and increased potential for aortic dissection. We compared the mechanical properties of the aortic wall of BAV patients with aortic valve stenosis (AS) and regurgitation (AR) using a dissectometer, a device mimicking ...
Narayan Pradeep P From the NH Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Sciences, Kolkata, West Bengal, - - 2014
Perioperative myocardial ischemia (PMI) is a relatively rare but potentially fatal complication after coronary artery bypass grafting and is due to graft-related problems in a significant proportion of cases. The usual indicators of MI in the postoperative setting are unreliable and therefore have uncertain diagnostic value. Angiography, the criterion standard ...
Futami K K From the Department of Neurosurgery (K.F.), Mattoh-Ishikawa Central Hospital, Ishikawa, Japan; and Departments of Neurosurgery (H.S., T.K., K.M., M.N., N.U.) and Radiology (F.U.), Kanazawa University School of Medicine, Ishikawa, Japan. - - 2014
Future aneurysmal behaviors or treatment outcomes of cerebral aneurysms may be related to the hemodynamics around the inflow zone. Here we investigated the influence of parent artery curvature on the inflow zone location of unruptured sidewall internal carotid artery aneurysms. In 32 aneurysms, the inflow zone location was decided by ...
Aanerud Marianne M 1Department of Medicine, Haukeland University Hospital , Bergen , - - 2014
Abstract Background: Knowledge on factors associated with mortality can help identify patients with COPD that might benefit from close monitoring and intervention. Arterial blood gases (ABGs) are related to mortality, but both arterial tension of oxygen (PaO2) and arterial tension of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) vary over time. The aim of ...
Jones J J Division of Neurointerventional Radiology, Department of Radiological Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, - - 2014
Cerebral vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) results in significant morbidity due to ischemia. Subarachnoid hematoma evacuation during aneurysm clipping reduces the incidence of vasospasm. However, studies comparing endovascular coiling with open clipping have reported similar rates of spasm. We addressed the question of how coiling produces similar (if not ...
Lin Ning N Department of Neurosurgery, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, - - 2014
Utilization of the Pipeline embolization device (PED) in complex ruptured aneurysms has not been well studied. We evaluated the safety and effectiveness data from five participating US centers. Records of patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysms who underwent PED treatment between 2011 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. 26 patients with ruptured ...
Haussen Diogo C DC University of Miami Miller School of Medicine/Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, Florida, USA Harvard Medical School/Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Miami, Florida, - - 2014
We aimed to evaluate if vertebrobasilar anatomic variations impact reperfusion and outcome in intra-arterial therapy (IAT) for basilar artery occlusion (BAO). Consecutive BAO patients with symptom onset <24 h treated with IAT were included. Vertebral artery (VA) V3 and posterior communicating artery (PCoA) diameters were measured (CT angiography or MR angiography). ...
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