Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1569
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Kurisu Satoshi - - 2004
A 49-year-old man was admitted to our hospital due to chest oppressive sensation. Coronary angiography showed total occlusion in the proximal right coronary artery even after intracoronary nitroglycerin, but no stenosis in the left coronary artery. He was treated with aspiration thrombectomy and stent deployment. After 23 hours, he suddenly ...
Skalidis Emmanuel I - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess regional coronary flow and contractile reserve in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM). BACKGROUND: Although IDCM has been associated with alterations in coronary blood flow and contractile reserve, little is known about their regional distribution and correlation. METHODS: Fourteen patients with ...
Raanani Ehud - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Isolated stenosis of the left main coronary artery is usually treated by coronary bypass surgery. However, this approach restores a less physiologic perfusion of the myocardium that leads to occlusion of the left main coronary artery, and restores only a retrograde perfusion of a rather extensive myocardial area. Coronary ...
Wakeyama Takatoshi - - 2004
A 68-year-old woman with recurrent chest pain was referred to our institution. Coronary angiography showed 100% obstruction of the left main trunk, the proximal right coronary artery with good collaterals to the left anterior descending artery and left circumflex artery along the conus artery. Emergency surgical revascularization was undertaken with ...
Kosiński Adam A Department of Clinical Anatomy, Medical University of Gdańsk, Poland. - - 2004
Muscle bridges (MBs) are structures consisting of heart muscle tissue which pass above the coronary arteries and their branches. Although there are a relatively large number of descriptions of these MBs, researchers do not share a common view of the frequency of their occurrence, their location and their morphology, which ...
Cademartiri Filippo - - 2004
PURPOSE: To compare test bolus and bolus-tracking techniques for intravenous contrast material administration at 16-detector row computed tomographic (CT) coronary angiography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study had institutional review board approval, and patients gave informed consent. Thirty-eight patients (mean age, 60 years; three women) were randomized into two groups according ...
Iyisoy Atila - - 2004
A 42-year-old woman with Behcet's disease and pericardial effusion for 14 years presented with acute myocardial infarction and received thrombolytic therapy. Coronary angiography showed total occlusion of the left anterior descending artery. Subsequently, the left internal mammary artery was grafted to the left anterior descending artery. Approximately one year after ...
Nezić Dusko G - - 2004
Radial artery segment has been used as a coronary-coronary graft for single, distal lesion of the large left anterior descending coronary artery running well over the cardiac apex. In our opinion this technique may occasionally be an attractive approach for bypassing very distal lesions of large coronary arteries combined with ...
Jo Won-Min - - 2004
We present the case of a Cabrol-type proximal anastomosis technique in off-pump coronary artery bypass. The patient was a 64-year-old man with significant stenoses on the left main, left anterior descending, and proximal right coronary artery. The obtuse marginal and right coronary arteries were anastomosed with both ends of a ...
Bruhin R - - 2004
In a male patient, presenting with progressive angina refractory to medical treatment, a solitary aneurysm of the left main coronary artery without fistula, a 2 cm large atrial septal defect (ASD) and a persisting left superior caval vein were diagnosed. Successful resection with subsequent in situ repair by vein grafting ...
Rodrigues Alfredo J - - 2004
A case of anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery in an adult with collateral circulation between the left coronary artery and systemic extracardiac vessels is reported. After evaluating the surgical options, my colleagues and I conclude that ligation of the left coronary artery and a ...
Unic D - - 2004
Coronary artery aneurysms are a rare condition with left-main trunk aneurysms occurring in only about 0.1 % of the population. We report on a giant left-main coronary artery aneurysm in a young male status post two previous open-heart operations. The aneurysm was successfully treated by patch occlusion of the ostial ...
Kaden Jens J - - 2004
Coronary calcification is a strong predictor of significant coronary stenosis in symptomatic patients. While discrete calcification within coronary arteries is only detected by sensitive methods such as computed tomography, severe calcification can already be seen on the plain chest radiograph. In this article, we describe a patient with a high ...
Vavuranakis Manolis - - 2004
OBJECTIVES: Left main coronary artery dimensions were evaluated in patients with and without arterial hypertension, in the presence of coronary artery disease, and correlated to left ventricular mass. METHODS AND RESULTS: Intracoronary ultrasound was performed in 25 patients (pts) with coronary artery disease and hypertension (+HTN) and in 25 pts ...
Iguchi Atsushi - - 2004
A 35-year-old man presented to our institution one day after the onset of dyspnea. Coronary angiography revealed the occlusion of the left main trunk. The left main coronary artery and the left circumflex artery were recanalized, but he was hypotensive with low cardiac output. Even after he was placed on ...
Hirose Makoto - - 2004
This case report demonstrates subacute luminal narrowing 20 days after balloon angioplasty in the left anterior descending coronary artery due to an intramural hematoma. Stenting was performed and resulted in side-branch compromise caused by squeezing the hematoma from the left anterior descending coronary artery into the left circumflex artery. Another ...
Wang John C - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Acute coronary occlusions leading to ST-segment elevation myocardial infarctions (STEMIs) are due primarily to rupture of atherosclerotic plaques. Present "vulnerable plaque" detection technology focuses on identifying individual plaques with no clear therapeutic plan beyond conventional risk factor reduction. We developed a spatial map of the distribution of acute coronary ...
Balbi Manrico - - 2004
Severe ostial left main coronary stenosis developed 35 days after successful Bentall-type operation for acute aortic dissection. Treatment of this kind of complication is usually performed with open chest coronary artery bypass grafting. In our case, treatment with percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and stenting of the lesion immediately after diagnostic ...
Turhan Hasan - - 2004
Double left anterior descending coronary artery arising from the left and right coronary arteries is a very rare congenital coronary artery anomaly. In this report, we describe a patient with double left anterior descending coronary artery originating from the left and right coronary arteries. To the best of our knowledge, ...
Nemes Attila - - 2004
BACKGROUND AND AIM OF THE STUDY: A number of clinical and experimental studies have suggested that aortic valve stenosis (AS) is a manifestation of atherosclerotic process. Previous studies have revealed a decreased coronary flow velocity reserve (CFR) in AS patients in consequence of left ventricular hypertrophy. The hypothesis was tested ...
Lam C S P - - 2004
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is a well-recognised, albeit rare, angiographic finding of abnormal coronary dilatation. To our best knowledge, its incidence has never been described in Singapore. We aimed to determine the incidence of CAE at our teaching hospital and to describe patient and angiographic characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ...
Anderson Curtis A - - 2004
Left main coronary artery aneurysms are rare, and treatment options are poorly defined. Here we report the surgical management of a female patient who presented with an acute coronary syndrome resulting from dissection of an aneurysmal left main. She was successfully managed with an interposition graft fashioned from the lateral ...
Iadanza Alessando - - 2004
A 55-year-old woman with angina was found to have multiple fistulae from all three major coronary arteries to the left ventricle. The aortography mimicked a severe aortic insufficiency. This rare vascular anomaly can cause a coronary steal phenomenon and subsequent myocardial ischemia in patients without angiographic evidence of major atherosclerotic ...
Immer Franz F - - 2004
We report a case of a 73-year-old man in which coronary angiography demonstrated a large side branch of the internal thoracic artery (ITA). The side branch was identified intraoperatively. As assessed intraoperatively by transit time Doppler flow measurement, temporary occlusion of the side branch showed no effect on ITA flow, ...
Auer J - - 2004
This case report describes the devastating consequences of spontaneous coronary dissection in a 36 year old female patient who otherwise had a normal coronary arteriogram. Intravascular ultrasound showed coronary artery dissection and intramural haematoma at the left main stem coronary artery. Acute coronary syndrome developed and subsequently surgical revascularisation was ...
Izumi Yuichi - - 2004
We report an emergent operation on a 37-year-old man presenting with acute myocardial infarction with an aneurysm of the left main coronary artery. A preoperative coronary angiogram revealed a large saccular aneurysm of the left main coronary artery and complete occlusion of the left anterior descending artery. Emergent coronary artery ...
Balci Bahattin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: There are variations in the anatomy of the coronary arteries in patients with left dominant circulation. The influence of anatomical variations in patients with left dominant circulation on coronary arteriosclerosis is not clear. AIM: We investigated whether atherosclerotic involvement in patients with left dominant circulation differs from that in ...
Ozdemir Kurtuluş - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The thrombolysis in myocardial infarction frame count (TFC) has been proposed as a simple, reproducible, objective and quantitative method to assess coronary blood flow. However, the TFC in normal coronary arteries has not been investigated in detail. The aim of this study was to determine normal TFC values and ...
Dhakam Sajid - - 2004
Chronic total occlusion of left main coronary artery is a very rare angiographic finding as majority of these patients do not survive long enough to undergo coronary angiography. We describe a patient with angiographic findings of chronic total occlusion of left main coronary artery with left coronary circulation collateralized from ...
Onishi Hiroshi - - 2004
We report a case of aorto-bronchial fistula (ABF) caused by a self expanding metallic stent (EMS) 51 days after insertion into the left main bronchus. The patient presented with left main bronchial stenosis caused by post-operative local recurrence of esophageal cancer. Post-operative radio therapy totaling 40 Gy and post-recurrence radiotherapy ...
Kim Sang-Gon - - 2004
BACKGROUND: It remains controversial whether women have smaller coronary arteries than men because of a gender-specific trait, or whether the observed differences are primarily due to a difference in body size. Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), with its ability to provide unique coronary images that allow precise measurement of arterial size in ...
Budde Ricardo P J - - 2004
BACKGROUND: In totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting the target coronary artery is difficult to locate and assess. We explored the capacity of a high-frequency epicardial ultrasound mini-transducer (Aloka, Tokyo, Japan) to endoscopically locate and assess the left anterior descending (LAD), third obtuse marginal (OM3), and right posterior descending (RDP) ...
Kaimkhani Z - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: To study the diameter of coronary arteries in a cohort of adult Pakistani population and to compare these with the diameters of Caucasians mentioned in the literature. METHODS: A study of 220 adult patients referred to National Institute of Cardiovascular Disease (NICVD) for diagnostic coronary angiography between May 2000 ...
Mert M - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Mild to moderately stenotic coronary arteries present a major problem as the progression of atherosclerosis is unpredictable. In addition, residual flow from the native coronary artery has been proposed as a mechanism that reduces blood flow in bypass grafts resulting in failure of the graft. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The ...
Watanabe Hiroyuki - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) measurement by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTDE) has been found to be useful for assessing left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) stenosis. However, this method has been restricted only for the LAD. The purpose of this study was to detect severe right coronary artery (RCA) ...
Lin Fun-Chung - - 2004
A total of 173 patients with chest pain but without visually discernible wall-motion abnormalities by 2-dimensional echocardiography underwent pulsed wave Doppler tissue imaging examination before angiography. Segmental longest time to peak contraction velocity (Tpv) was acquired through 3 apical views. The longest time period from electrocardiographic R wave to peak ...
Decuypere V - - 2004
Pulmonary artery aneurysms are uncommon and may be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The unique combination of left main coronary artery and upper right pulmonary vein compression by a large pulmonary artery aneurysm is reported. Furthermore, the aetiology, clinical manifestations, complications, diagnostic approach, and possible therapeutic interventions are briefly ...
Mesquita Sonia M F - - 2004
PURPOSE: In patients with pulmonary hypertension, extrinsic compression of the left main coronary artery by a dilated pulmonary trunk may cause angina, left ventricular ischemia, and sudden death. We assessed coronary artery compression in relation to pulmonary trunk diameter and other demographic, echocardiographic, hemodynamic, and scintigraphic variables. METHODS: Thirty-six patients ...
Hidetsugu Sakai - - 2004
A 74 year-old male with old anterior and inferior myocardial infarctions was treated with staged percutaneous coronary intervention. A chronic total occlusion of the middle segment of the left anterior descending branch was successfully stented during the first stage, and during the second stage, preprocedural intravascular ultrasonography (IVUS) revealed that ...
Surucu Huseyin S - - 2004
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to assess the variations in the branching pattern and diameters of the terminal branches of the left coronary artery and discuss various names given to the third branch. METHODS: Hearts of 21 autopsies and 19 cadavers were fixed with 10% formalin and their coronary arteries ...
Yavuz Turhan - - 2004
Dual left anterior descending artery (or dual anterior interventricular artery, LAD) is a rare coronary artery anomaly. Dual but normally originated LAD has been usually reported to have no clinical significance. In this case report, we present a case of 75 year old male with anginal symptoms in whom coronary ...
Olearchyk Andrew S - - 2004
A 44-year-old man had severe stenosis of the left main coronary artery. The middle portion of the left anterior descending coronary artery was in an intramyocardial location. The pericardium, ascending aorta, epicardium, and coronary arteries were encased by a metastatic, poorly differentiated papillary adenocarcinoma. The left anterior descending artery was ...
Mert Murat - - 2004
The current trend in coronary artery surgery is to revascularize the left coronary artery branches with bilateral internal thoracic arteries (ITA). For this procedure, the right ITA is usually grafted to the left anterior descending coronary artery while the circumflex coronary artery is revascularized by the left ITA. The mid ...
Nakajima Masato - - 2004
Surgical cases for myocardial ischemia due to spontaneous coronary artery dissection have rarely been reported. We describe a young male who had a myocardial infarction with left ventricular aneurysm due to spontaneous left anterior descending coronary artery dissection. He was successfully treated with Dor's left ventriculoplasty without coronary artery revascularization. ...
Jim Man-Hong - - 2004
A 53 year old man complained of chest pain during an exercise treadmill test. Electrocardiogram revealed transient giant R-wave, right-axis deviation, intraventricular conduction delay, and ST-segment elevation in the inferolateral leads. Subsequent coronary angiography showed an 80% lesion in mid part of a nondominant left circumflex artery, whereas the other ...
Johnson Kevin R - - 2004
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery motion can decrease image quality during coronary magnetic resonance angiography and computed tomography coronary angiography. PURPOSE: To characterize the three-dimensional motion of the coronary arteries along the entire vessel length and to identify the temporal location and duration of periods of relatively low cardiac motion in patients ...
Ankeney Jay L - - 2004
This is a review of 733 patients who underwent off-pump bypass surgery of the right coronary artery and left anterior descending coronary artery between 1969 and 1985. Two hundred sixty-four patients underwent single bypass of the left anterior descending coronary artery, and 79 patients underwent single bypass of the right ...
Stazka Janusz - - 2004
Coronary artery aneurysms are very rare abnormalities in patients undergoing coronary angiography. Clinical manifestation is usually that of coronary artery disease, and acute myocardial infarction. We present the case of a patient admitted to the Department of Cardiac Surgery due to coronary artery disease and the presence of thrombus in ...
Ishikawa Susumu - - 2004
We report on a 51-year-old Japanese female with bilateral coronary artery aneurysms. Severe calcified aneurysms were detected in the proximal right coronary artery (RCA) and left anterior descending branch (LAD). The RCA was totally occluded and supplied by the blood flow via septal branches of the LAD. A two-stage management ...
Sugihara Masaaki - - 2004
A 38-year-old Japanese woman underwent cardiac evaluation to assess an arrhythmia detected after the delivery of her fourth baby. At the age of 22 years, she had undergone cardiac evaluation, including catheter examination, because of a heart murmur. Coronary angiography showed a huge right coronary artery (RCA) draining to the ...
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