Search Results
Results 451 - 500 of 2026
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Namazi Gholamreza G 0000-0002-4485-1347 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Hezar-Jerib Street, Isfahan 8174673461, - - 2014
Increasing evidence suggests that erythrocytes may participate in atherogenesis. We sought to investigate whether the total cholesterol content of erythrocyte membranes (CEM) is significantly different in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) compared to patients with nonsignificant coronary stenosis and determine the correlation between CEM and the severity of ...
Berger Jeffrey S JS Department of Medicine, Divisions of Cardiology and Hematology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, USA ; Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY 10016, - - 2014
OxLDL/β2GPI complexes have been implicated in the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis and associated with disease severity and adverse outcomes. We investigate the significance of anti-oxLDL/β2GPI antibodies and oxLDL/β2GPI complexes in patients with arterial and idiopathic venous disease. A cohort of 61 arterial disease patients, 32 idiopathic venous disease patients, ...
Tarbiat Masoud M Ekbatan Cardiovascular Surgery Center, Department of Anesthesiology, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, - - 2014
Percutaneous subclavian vein catheterization is one of the most common invasive procedures performed in cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to compare left and right subclavian vein catheter placement via the infraclavicular approach in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. This prospective, randomized clinical trial ...
Jansen Felix F Department of Internal Medicine II, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms University, Bonn, Germany (F.J., S.P., M.H., D.P., K.B., T.S., J.M.S., M.V.N., G.N., - - 2014
Circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are differentially regulated and selectively packaged in microvesicles (MVs). We evaluated whether circulating vascular and endothelial miRNAs in patients with stable coronary artery disease have prognostic value for the occurrence of cardiovascular (CV) events. Ten miRNAs involved in the regulation of vascular performance-miR-126, miR-222, miR-let7d, miR-21, miR-20a, ...
Lintin Luke L University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, UK - - 2014
We report the case of a 78-year-old female who was found to have a mycotic thoracic aortic arch aneurysm caused by Clostridium septicum. Subsequent investigations demonstrated adenocarcinoma of the caecum with two liver metastases. The patient underwent a hybrid procedure involving endovascular repair of the aneurysm with a right-to-left carotid ...
Sponder Michael M Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, - - 2014
Several scoring systems have tried to determine the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) to investigate the connection between CAD severity and laboratory parameters. In total, 189 male (mean age: 61.86±10.77 years) and 75 female CAD patients (mean age: 67.84±7.70 years) were recruited and underwent angiography, which determined stenosis grade, ...
Panayiotides Ioannis M IM Cardiologist in private practice, affiliated with Nicosia General Hospital, Cardiology Department, Nicosia, - - 2014
Patients with severe aortic stenosis are sometimes not candidates for conventional open heart surgery because of severe deconditioning, excessive risk factors, and multiple comorbidities. Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is a relatively recent intervention, which was initially addressed to individuals with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis at substantial or prohibitive surgical ...
Davidovic L - - 2014
Rupture is the most serious and lethal complication of the abdominal aortic aneurysm. Despite all improvements during the past 50 years, ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms are still associated with very high mortality. Namely, including patients who die before reaching the hospital, the mortality rate due to abdominal aortic aneurysm rupture ...
Tanaka Keizo K Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Hamamatsu Medical Center, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka, - - 2014
A 50-year-old man presented with an acute type A aortic dissection with an aberrant right subclavian artery. Emergent total arch replacement with an elephant trunk was performed. Intraoperatively, the origin of the aberrant right subclavian artery could not be resected because it was located too far from the distal arch. ...
Baseri Mehdi M Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Center, Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, - - 2014
Myeloperoxidase (MPO) has an important role in the both processes of inflammation and oxidative stress. It plays proatherogenic role via low-density lipoprotein oxidation, functional inactivation of the high-density lipoprotein and endothelial dysfunction, and seems to be involved in the atherogenesis of coronary arteries. This study designed to evaluate the association ...
Sabol F - - 2014
Aortic coarctation in adults is sometimes associated with concomitant cardiovascular pathologies which require intervention. The optimal operative approach for such patients remains unsettled. An extra-anatomic aortic bypass from the ascending aorta to the descending aorta via median sternotomy allows simultaneous performance of repair of complex aortic coarctation and concomitant cardiac ...
Picard Fabien A FA Cardiology Department, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Hôpital Bichat, Université Paris-Diderot, Sorbonne-Paris Cité, Paris, - - 2014
Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is suggested to correlate with metabolic risk factors and to promote plaque development in the coronary arteries. We sought to determine whether EAT thickness was associated or not with the presence and extent of angiographic coronary artery disease (CAD). We measured epicardial fat thickness by computed ...
Barvalia Mihir M Department of Medicine, Newark Beth Israel Medical Center, 201 Lyons Avenue at Osborne Terrace, Newark, NJ, USA. - - 2014
Carotid Duplex Ultrasonography (CDUS) is one of the non-invasive imaging modalities used to evaluate for carotid artery stenosis. However, it is often used in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD), peripheral artery disease (PAD), before heart surgery, syncope and non-specific neurological symptoms although its value is unclear. Our study aimed ...
Natsis Konstantinos K Department of Anatomy, Medical School, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Post Box: 300, 54124 Thessaloniki, - - 2014
The axillary artery presents abnormalities in its origin and course and a variable branching. A rare case of axillary artery bifurcation and branching was observed in a 60-years-old European male cadaver of Greek origin. The right axillary artery at the second part was bifurcated into a superficial and a deep ...
Guz Goksel G Department of Cardiology, Istanbul Medicana International Hospital, Istanbul, - - 2014
Retrograde coronary aortic dissection is a rare but dangerous complication of coronary angioplasty. Mostly seen in right coronary artery procedures, especially in chronic total oclussion lesions, and rarely seen in left side procedures. This is a case report of an aortic dissection complicated by coronary angioplasty of the left circumflex ...
Bashar Khalid K Department of Vascular Surgery, University Hospital Limerick (UHL), Limerick, County Limerick, - - 2014
Radiation arteritis following neck irradiation as a treatment for head and neck malignancy has been well documented. The long-term sequelae of radiation exposure of the carotid arteries may take years to manifest clinically, and extra-cranial carotid artery (ECCA) stenosis is a well-recognised vascular complication. These carotid lesions should not be ...
Onohara Takeshi T Division of Organ Regeneration Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Tottori University, Yonago, Tottori, - - 2014
Hybrid TEVAR was performed in 2 patients with right aortic arch accompanied by Kommerell's diverticulum and aortic aneurysm. In patient 1, total debranch + TEVAR was performed with 1-stage median sternotomy. In patient 2, total arch replacement and insertion of a peripheral elephant trunk were performed first, followed by TEVAR. ...
Rahimi Darabad B B . - - 2014
Cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death in our country. Recently, it has been found that the use of opium like other risk factors can be an independent risk factor for coronary artery disease. Therefore, this study examines the impact of opioid abuse on the extent of coronary ...
Inoue Yoshiaki Y Department of General Thoracic Surgery, Saitama Medical Center, Saitama Medical University, 1981 Kamoda, Kawagoe, Saitama 350-8550, - - 2014
A female patient in her 30s was referred to us with a mass approximately 8 centimeters in diameter in right lung segment 6. Bronchoscopy was done, and a tumorous lesion obstructing right B6 was found. Biopsy of this lesion supported suspicions of sarcoma or spindle cell carcinoma. Contrast-enhanced CT showed ...
Çimen Serkan - - 2014
A 3D+t description of the coronary tree is important for diagnosis of coronary artery disease and therapy planning. In this paper, we propose a method for finding 3D+t points on coronary artery tree given tracked 2D+t point locations in X-ray rotational angiography images. In order to cope with the ill-posedness ...
Konarik Marek M Department of Anatomy, Third Faculty of Medicine, Charles University in Prague. - - 2014
A case of anomalous terminal branching of the axillary artery was encountered and described in a left upper limb of a male cadaver. A series of 214 upper limbs of Caucasian race was dissected. A variant artery, stemming from the very end of the axillary artery followed a superficial course ...
Janić Miodrag M Department of Vascular Diseases, University of Ljubljana Medical Centre, Zaloška 7, SI 1000 Ljubljana, - - 2014
The world population is aging and the number of old people is continuously increasing. Arterial structure and function change with age, progressively leading to arterial stiffening. Arterial stiffness is best characterized by measurement of pulse wave velocity (PWV), which is its surrogate marker. It has been shown that PWV could ...
Fanari Zaher Z Section of Cardiology, Christiana Care Health System, Newark, DE 19718, - - 2014
Patients with multivessel coronary artery disease are more likely to have extensive atherosclerosis that involves other major arteries. Critical subclavian artery (SCA) stenosis can result in coronary subclavian steal syndrome that may present as recurrent ischemia and even myocardial infarction in patients with coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). In patients ...
Garcia Nelson A Telles NA Internal Medicine Resident PGY-3, The University of Iowa - Des Moines Internal Medicine Residency Program, IA, - - 2014
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare and often lethal cause of acute coronary syndrome, which typically affects young women and otherwise healthy individuals. SCAD can be diagnosed in patients undergoing coronary angiography and can be underestimated. Special techniques such as optical coherence tomography (OCT) and intravascular ultrasound should ...
Singh Vasvi V Department of Internal Medicine, Unity Health System, Rochester, New York, - - 2014
A 50-year-old man presenting with chest pain had positive stress echocardiography; and angiogram showed single artery coronary stenosis, presumed to be atherosclerotic. He was started on optimal medical therapy with good compliance. Four months later, he had a myocardial infarction (MI) and cardiac catheterisation surprisingly showed interval development of severe ...
de Barros E Silva Pedro G M PG Department of Clinical Research, Hospital Totalcor, Sao Paulo, - - 2014
Background Acute aortic syndrome is the modern term that includes aortic dissection, intramural hematoma, and symptomatic aortic ulcer. Iatrogenic coronary artery dissection extending to the aorta during percutaneous coronary intervention is a very rare but life-threatening complication. Despite some reports of spontaneous recovery, most of these patients are treated surgically ...
Rolf Andreas A Department of Cardiology, Kerckhoff Heart and Thorax Centre, Benekestrasse 2-8, Bad Nauheim 61231, Germany. - - 2014
The aim of the study was to characterize RV adaptation to varying loading conditions in patients with chronic thromboembolic hypertension (CTEPH) before and after pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA). Nearly 4% of patients with pulmonary embolism develop CTEPH. PEA offers a cure with excellent outcome. By use of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) ...
Ding Song S From Department of Cardiology, Ren Ji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, - - 2014
The predictive value of plaque characteristics assessed by virtual histology-intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) including fibrous tissue (FT), fibrofatty (FF), necrotic core (NC) and dense calcium (DC) in identifying distal embolization after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is still controversial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to summarize the association of pre-PCI ...
Akturk Ibrahim Faruk IF . - - 2014
Coronary artery ectasia (CAE) is characterized by inappropriate dilatation of the coronary vasculature. The mechanisms of CAE are not well known. Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) may make endothelial cells and smooth muscle cells more sensitive to the effects of growth hormone. In the present study, we hypothesized that IGF-1 may ...
Smolka Grzegorz G 3 Department of Cardiology, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice, - - 2014
Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the left main coronary artery (LMCA) for revascularization after stenosis is still considered controversial therapy. Previous studies were performed with balloon-expandable drug-eluting stents (DES). Balloon-expandable stents presented a challenge because they were not able to adapt effectively to variation in the vessel lumen. There are ...
Said Karim K Aswan Heart Centre, Aswan, - - 2014
Major limitations of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) drug trials include the small number of enrolled patients, short term follow up (12-16 weeks), and lack of morbidity and mortality primary endpoints. The recently published SERAPHIN (Study with an Endothelin Receptor Antagonist in Pulmonary arterial Hypertension to Improve cliNical outcome) trial represents ...
Demircelik Bora - - 2014
Saphenous vein graft disease (SVGD), defined as an occlusion of 50% or more of the SVG excluding distal anastomotic occlusion, is an important predictor of morbidity after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Late graft occlusion is a serious complication that often limits the use of the saphenous vein as a ...
Georgescu Stefan S Department of Surgery, "Gr. T. Popa" University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iaşi, University Hospital "St. Spiridon" Iaşi, 1 Bulevardul Independentei, 700111 Iaşi, - - 2014
Background. Pancreaticoduodenectomy is the potentially curative treatment for malignant and several benign conditions of the pancreatic head and periampullary region. While performing pancreaticoduodenectomy, early neck division may be impossible or inadequate in case of hepatic artery anatomic variants, suspected involvement of the superior mesenteric vessels, intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm, and ...
Moris Demetrios N DN The First Department of Surgery, Division of Vascular Surgery, "Laiko" General Hospital, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens Athens, - - 2014
Abdominal aorta aneurysm (AAA) is a serious threat for human life. AAA repair is a high-risk procedure which results in a severe surgical stress response. We aim to give a conceptual description of the underlying pathophysiology of stress after surgical repair of AAA. The MEDLINE/PubMed database was searched for publications ...
Chevli Parag P Department of Internal Medicine, Jersey City Medical Center, Jersey City, NJ, - - 2014
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is a rare cause of acute myocardial infarction that is more common in younger patients (under age 50) and in women. Although the etiology is not known, some predisposing conditions to SCAD are well known and include Marfan syndrome, pregnancy and peripartum state, drug abuse, ...
Li Fang-Ming FM Department of Neurology, Jiangmen Central Hospital Jiangmen 529070, - - 2014
To investigate therapeutic effect of carotid artery stenting versus endarterectomy for patients with high-risk carotid stenosis. A total of 130 carotid stenosis patients at high-risk of stroke were randomly divided into stenting group and endarterectomy group, including 65 patients in each group. The patients in the endarterectomy group underwent endarterectomy ...
Li Yetian Y Department of Orthopaedics, No. 2 People's Hospital - - 2014
The study aimed to observe the complications after the bilateral internal iliac arteries and the median sacral artery embolization by different severity and combinations of gelfoam particles. Sixteen healthy adult dogs were randomly divided into five groups. Under the monitoring of digital subtraction angiography (DSA), gelfoam particles with diameter of ...
Tang Lu L Department of Anesthesiology, General Hospital of Jinan Military Command, Jinan 250031, - - 2014
Since a previous meta-analysis reported that ultrasound guidance was associated with a higher first-attempt success rate in catheterization of the radial artery, a number of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have reported inconsistent results. The aim of the present study is to conduct an updated meta-analysis to clarify the role of ...
Buczkowski P P Department of Cardiac Surgery and Transplantology, University of Medical Sciences Poznan, - - 2014
We present a case of the native valve used to complete closure of a ruptured aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva. Aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva is rare and a non-coronary artery is affected in only 20% of cases. To close the rupture, we decided to use a non-coronary ...
Zhang Jing-Xia JX Department of Cardiology, Tianjin Chest Hospital, Tianjin 300051, - - 2014
Tissue factor (TF) is the initiation factor of the extrinsic coagulation pathway, and plays a critical role in the process of thrombosis. This study aimed to investigate the expression of TF and to explore their clinical effect on the pulmonary artery after acute pulmonary thromboembolism. Thirty-four Japanese white rabbits (Level ...
Pancholy Samir Bipin SB The Wright Center for Graduate Medical Education, - - 2014
In this study, we have developed an electrocardiogram-based scoring system to predict secondary pulmonary hypertension. A cross-sectional study. Single tertiary-care hospital in Scranton, Pennsylvania, USA. Five hundred and fifty-two consecutive patients undergoing right heart catheterization between 2006 and 2009. Surface electrocardiogram was assessed for R-wave in lead V1 ≥ 6mm, R-wave ...
Ede Hüseyin H Department of Cardiology, Bozok University School of Medicine, Yozgat, - - 2014
Background Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Aortic elasticity and diastolic functions are helpful parameters in assessment of CAD. In this study we aimed to learn whether diastolic function and aortic elastic properties measured by echocardiography are associated with coronary calcium score (CACS), ...
Macovei Liviu Gheorghe LG Cardiovascular Diseases Institute "George I.M. Georgescu", Iasi, - - 2014
A 64-year-old woman with a history of coronary artery bypass and coronary angioplasty with unexpanded stent entrapment blocked in the circumflex coronary artery and left main is now presenting with crescendo angina pectoris. The Department of Cardiovascular Surgery established that a new surgical intervention presents a very high risk. In ...
Faisal Muhammad M Division of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, University of Florida, Jacksonville, FL 32209, - - 2014
Background. Little is known about the effect of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) specific therapy on pulmonary hemodynamics and exercise capacity in patients with portopulmonary hypertension (PoPH) because such patients are usually excluded from randomized clinical trials (RCT) of such therapy. Methods. We searched PUBMED using the terms "(Therapy/Broad (filter)) AND ...
Jain Amit A Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, University of Virginia Health System, PO Box 800679, Charlottesville, VA - - 2013
Renal malperfusion associated with renal artery dissection can present as either an isolated disease process or in the setting of branch vessel stenosis complicating aortic dissection. Isolated renal artery dissection is a rare disorder, the clinical presentation of which often presents both diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. The true incidence and ...
Orion Kristine C KC Division of Vascular Surgery and Endovascular Therapy, The Johns Hopkins Hospital, Halsted 668, 600 N. Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD - - 2013
Renal artery aneurysm (RAA) is an uncommon disease and is typically an incidental finding on imaging performed for other medical ailments. Sequelae of RAA include rupture and difficult to control hypertension. Repair of RAA is considered in suitable surgical candidates when a maximum diameter of 2 cm is reached or ...
Diomedi Marina - - 2014
This study aimed to identify clinical and ultrasound imaging predictors of progression of carotid luminal narrowing in subjects with asymptomatic moderate internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis. A total of 571 subjects with asymptomatic moderate (50-69%) ICA stenoses were enrolled. They underwent ultrasound examination at baseline and after 12 months. Demographics, ...
Pozgain Zrinka - - 2013
Dirofilaria immitis is a parasite transmitted by mosquito bites, where the most common primary hosts are dogs, cats and some wild animals. Humans become accidental hosts after being bitten by an infected mosquito and the number of such infections has rapidly increased during the last decade. We present a patient ...
Bernhardt Alexander Martin AM Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, University Heart Center Hamburg, Hamburg, - - 2013
Coronary arteriovenous fistula is a rare entity and is mostly diagnosed and corrected in early childhood. We report the case of a 59-year-old female patient who was presented with chest pain during exertion for 3 months because of an aneurysmatic circumflex artery and coronary sinus fistula. We successfully ligated the ...
Wang David S DS Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology, Stanford University Medical Center, 300 Pasteur Drive, H3630, Stanford, CA 94305-5642, USA. - - 2013
Cutaneous complications can result from nontarget deposition during transcatheter arterial chemoembolization or radioembolization. Liver tumors may receive blood supply from parasitized extrahepatic arteries (EHAs) that also perfuse skin or from hepatic arteries located near the origin of the falciform artery (FA), which perfuses the anterior abdominal wall. To vasoconstrict cutaneous ...
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