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Kahn S Lowell SL Baystate Vascular Services, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield - - 2014
Although not currently available in the United States, multilayer stents have been used successfully to treat a variety of aneurysms. These stents promote laminar flow and depressurize the aneurysmal portion of the vessel, while preserving side branch vessel flow. A conceivable benefit of the multilayer stent is in the treatment ...
De Caridi Giovanni G Cardiovascular and Thoracic Department, 'Policlinico G. Martino' Hospital, University of Messina, Messina, - - 2014
Thromboangiitis obliterans or Buerger's disease is a rare non-atherosclerotic segmental inflammatory vasculitis that most commonly involves small and medium-sized arteries, veins and nerves of the extremities, and generally affects young tobacco smokers. A 53-year-old man was found to have critical ischaemia of his left lower limb with foot gangrene. He ...
Coscas Raphaël - - 2013
Endovascular repair of chronic aortic dissections (CAD) intend to promote false lumen thrombosis (FLT). This article describes a technique using Amplatzer vascular plugs (AVPs) for entry tear closure of CAD. A 70-year-old man presented with a type II dissecting thoracoabdominal aneurysm. Computed tomography scan showed a very tight true lumen, ...
Boyle Leryn J - - 2013
Physical inactivity promotes the development of cardiovascular diseases. However, few data exist examining the vascular consequences of short-term reductions in daily physical activity. Thus, we tested the hypothesis that popliteal and brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) would be reduced and concentrations of endothelial microparticles (EMPs) would be elevated following reduced ...
Aubry Estelle - - 2013
Tracheal occlusion (TO) promotes fetal lung growth through an increase in intraluminal pressure. Although evidence suggests that fetal TO (FETO) decreases the occurrence of pulmonary hypertension in severe congenital diaphragmatic hernia, controversies on its effect on the pulmonary circulation remain. Therefore, we investigated the effects of FETO on the lung ...
Cui Xu X Neurology Research, E&R Bldg., Room #3091, Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 West Grand Boulevard, Detroit, MI 48202, - - 2013
GW3965, a synthetic liver X receptor agonist, elevates high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and has antiatherosclerosis and anti-inflammation properties. We tested the hypothesis that GW3965 treatment of stroke increases vascular remodeling, promotes synaptic protein expression and axonal growth in the ischemic brain, and improves functional outcome in mice. Mice were subjected to ...
Farres Houssam - - 2012
Aortoduodenal fistula is a well-known complication of abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and has been described after endovascular repair. A unique complication of duodenal perforation by intentionally placed embolic material in the aneurysm sac is described. Intentional off-label use of material to promote aneurysm sac thrombosis should be avoided.
Fan Jun - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have suggested that c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) plays an important role in the formation of abdominal aortic aneurysms, and that direct blockade of JNK by specific inhibitors can effectively prevent the progression of aortic aneurysms. A study has demonstrated that curcumin can suppress the development of experimental ...
Ma Jun - - 2012
Pulmonary artery endothelial plexiform lesion is responsible for pulmonary vascular remodeling (PVR), a basic pathological change of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Recent evidence suggests that epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET), which is derived from arachidonic acid by cytochrome p450 (CYP) epoxygenase, has an essential role in PAH. However, until now, most research ...
Siegenthaler Andreas - - 2012
The most common techniques to perform stellate ganglion blocks (SGBs) are the blind C6 approach and the fluoroscopic-controlled paratracheal C7 approach, both after manual dislocation of the large vessels. Complications due to vascular or esophageal puncture have been reported. The goal of this ultrasound imaging study was to determine how ...
Prabhakaran Shyam - - 2012
Intracranial atherosclerotic disease (IAD) is likely the most common cause of stroke world-wide and is associated with a very high risk of recurrence. It results in cerebral ischemia due to a variety of mechanisms, including artery-to-artery embolism, hemodynamic failure, and occlusion of penetrating arteries. New imaging modalities focused on physiological ...
Rosenfeld Hannah - - 2012
  Venous stasis predisposes to thrombosis. One hundred and sixty cases of fatal pulmonary thromboembolism were reviewed to determine how many cases had deep venous thromboses associated with venous blood flow reduction caused by external pressure from benign pelvic masses. Three cases were identified, representing 2% of cases overall (3/160): ...
Matsumura Jon S - - 2012
The Protected Carotid Artery Stenting in Patients at High Risk for Carotid Endarterectomy (PROTECT) study was performed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of two devices for carotid artery stenting (CAS) in the treatment of carotid artery stenosis in patients at high risk for carotid endarterectomy (CEA): (1) a new ...
Jussen D - - 2012
Intracranial pseudoaneurysms are rare and mostly associated with a history of head trauma. Only little is known about their natural development. They are characterized by an unpredictable course with a possibility of causing secondary intracranial hemorrhage with significant morbidity and mortality. We present two cases of traumatic pseudoaneurysms of the ...
Dewey Todd M - - 2012
BACKGROUND: A volume-outcome association has been shown for cardiovascular procedures such as coronary artery bypass grafting. The association of a volume-outcome relationship for aortic valve replacement procedures, however, has not been clearly defined. We evaluated the influence of surgeon volume on operative outcomes with isolated aortic valve replacement and aortic ...
Ludeman Daniel J - - 2012
The Impella LP 2.5 left ventricular assist device (Abiomed) is safe and effective for assisting high-risk percutaneous interventions. A 77-year-old woman with severe aortic stenosis, severe coronary artery disease, an ejection fraction of 20%, severe peripheral vascular disease, and other comorbidities presented to a private, tertiary referral hospital with shortness ...
Al-Shraim Mubarak M - - 2012
Mesenteric ischemia which can be acute or chronic depending on the rapidity of compromised blood flow produces bowel ischemia, infarction, bacterial transmigration, endotoxemia, multisystem organ failure and death. High altitude can precipitate thrombosis because of hypobaric hypoxia and its effect on coagulation system. The objectives of this study are to ...
Kahn Philip J - - 2012
Behcet's is an idiopathic multi-organ syndrome, which may have onset during childhood. Vascular involvement is uncommon, with rarely reported coronary aneurysm formation. We present a case report of a teenager girl who developed recalcitrant life-threatening Behcet's vasculitis, involving both small and large venous and arterial systems including a giant coronary ...
Aoki Toshinari - - 2012
We analyzed the causal relationship between LDL susceptibility to oxidation and the development of new carotid artery atherosclerosis over a period of 5 years. We previously described the determinants related to a risk of cardiovascular changes determined in a Japanese population participating in the Niigata Study, which is an ongoing ...
Wu Chuntao - - 2012
The survival difference between off-pump and on-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery for follow-up longer than 5 years is not well-understood. The objective of this study is to examine the difference in 7-year mortality after these 2 procedures. The state of New York's Cardiac Surgery Reporting System was used to ...
Ferrero Emanuele - - 2012
Thoracic, arch, and proximal descending thoracic aorta diseases are still considered an enormous challenge. The hybrid approach developed in recent years (supra-aortic trunks debranching and thoracic endovascular repair aortic repair; TEVAR) may improve the morbidity and mortality of the population at risk. The aim of this study was to analyze ...
Friedlander Arthur H - - 2012
In Spain a significant number of individuals die from atherosclerotic disease of the coronary and carotid arteries without having classic risk factors and prodomal symptoms. The diagonal ear lobe crease (DELC) has been characterized in the medical literature as a surrogate marker which can identify high risk patients having occult ...
Pereira-Sampaio Marco A - - 2011
Purpose: To assess intrarenal arteries injuries after cranial pole nephrectomy in a pig model in order to compare these findings with those in humans. Materials and Methods: Polyester resin was injected through the ureter and the renal artery to make 3 dimensional casts of 61 pig kidneys. The cranial pole ...
Nilsson Greger - - 2012
To study distribution of coronary artery stenosis among patients with breast cancer (BC) and to assess correlation between radiotherapy (RT) and location of stenosis. A Swedish BC cohort diagnosed from 1970 to 2003 was linked to registers of coronary angiography from 1990 to 2004, which yielded 199 patients. Stenoses of ...
Chen Chun-Ku - - 2012
Analysis of the coronary artery calcium levels usually provides important information that can be used in patient prognosis and stratification of treatment when coronary artery disease is suspected. However, plaques, with or without significant stenosis, have been reported in patients without coronary artery calcium. The aim of this study was ...
Osorio Andres F - - 2011
Background. Currently, mechanical support is the most promising alternative to cardiac transplantation. Ventricular assist devices (VADs) were originally used to provide mechanical circulatory support in patients awaiting planned heart transplantation ('bridge-to-transplantation' therapy). The success of short-term bridge devices led to clinical trials evaluating the clinical suitability of long-term support ('destination' ...
Vlak Monique H M - - 2012
Female gender, age above 60 years, and an aneurysm larger than 5 mm or location on the posterior circulation are associated with a higher rupture risk of intracranial aneurysms. We hypothesized that this association is explained by a higher susceptibility to (one of) the eight trigger factors that were recently ...
Watanabe Masaaki - - 2011
A 62-year-old male treated with pegylated interferon α-2b plus ribavirin for chronic hepatitis C complained of sudden painless decreased visual acuity. This patient was diagnosed as having simultaneous occlusions of the branch retinal artery and central retinal vein, although he had no history of major risk factors for retinal vessel ...
Craiem Damian - - 2012
An increasing number of intermediate risk asymptomatic subjects benefit from measures of atherosclerosis burden like coronary artery calcification studies with non-contrast heart computed tomography (CT). However, additional information can be derived from these studies, looking beyond the coronary arteries and without exposing the patients to further radiation. We report a ...
Cotter P E - - 2011
Background: Stroke in younger people is relatively common and frequently unexplained. While understanding of the causes of young stroke has improved, there remains uncertainty over the role of low-risk lesions such as a patent foramen ovale (PFO). The TOAST criteria are often used to describe stroke aetiology, but in younger ...
Raaz-Schrauder Dorette - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is a marker for the presence and extent of coronary atherosclerotic plaques and can be detected non-invasively by multi-detector row CT (MDCT). Well known predictors of CAC are age, gender, and the classical atherogenic risk factors. CAC is associated with atherosclerotic plaque burden, but it ...
Hori Daijiro - - 2011
A 62-year-old man with a medical history of aortic valve replacement was referred to our hospital with high-grade fever. Blood culture was positive for Streptococcus dysgalactiae, and the echocardiogram showed edematous aortic annulus, suggesting a perivalvular abscess. Treatment with antibiotics was started, which showed progressive improvement. The echocardiogram at 2 ...
Hennessey Adam - - 2012
We report a patient with chest pain who was classified as having low risk for pulmonary embolism with clinical gestalt and accepted clinical decision rules. An inadvertently ordered D-dimer and abnormal result, however, led to the identification of a large saddle embolus. This case illustrates the fallibility of even well-validated ...
Buttarelli L - - 2011
Vascular complications remain a major cause of graft loss after pancreatic transplantation. They include vascular thrombosis, pseudoaneurysm, and arteriovenous fistula (AVF). We report a case of an AVF that appeared 3 months after a simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation (SPKT). Doppler ultrasonography followed by magnetic resonance angiography and later angiography provided a ...
Rosenberg Karen - - 2011
Trial stopped early because of unexpectedly higher risks associated with stenting.
Rosenthal Julie M - - 2011
A 46-year-old man with schizoaffective disorder suffered carotid thrombosis, subdural hemorrhage, and stroke resulting in death following autoenucleation of the left globe. This is the first reported case of carotid thrombosis as a result of autoenucleation.
Kapoor Aditya - - 2011
Coronary pseudoaneurysms following implantation of drug-eluting stents, although rare, are not unknown. Nearly all such cases have been reported in patients with sirolimus or paclitaxel polymer-based stents. We describe a case of coronary pseudoaneurysm developing with a non-polymer-based drug-eluting stent in a 50-year-old man who was successfully managed by coronary ...
Dey Mahua - - 2011
Fenestration of internal carotid artery (ICA) is extremely rare and may be associated with aneurysms arising from the fenestrated segment. Here we report two cases with successful surgical clipping of associated saccular aneurysms, and we systematically review the 12 previously reported cases. In one case of 39-year-old female patient, the ...
Ramos M J - - 2011
The aim of this paper was to determine the prevalence of extracraneal carotid artery disease in patients with intermittent claudication, to describe clasic cardiovascular risk factors in those with hemodynamically significant stenosis and to try to define subgroups at high risk, improving therefore the performance of non invasive testing. A ...
Jondeau Guillaume - - 2011
BACKGROUND: -Optimal management, including timing of surgery, remains debated in Marfan syndrome (MFS), due to lack of data on aortic risk associated with this disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: -We used our database to evaluate aortic risk associated with standardised care. Patients who fulfilled the international criteria, had not had previous ...
McKinsey David S - - 2011
Pulmonary histoplasmosis is an important cause of morbidity in the United States. Several outbreaks of acute pulmonary histoplasmosis have been linked to potentially preventable environmental exposures. Progressive disseminated histoplasmosis, which is seen frequently in the growing population of immunocompromised hosts, often presents with prominent pulmonary manifestations and is more commonly ...
Totsugawa Toshinori - - 2011
Background: Coronary perforation (CP) is a rare, but sometimes lethal, complication of percutaneous catheter intervention (PCI). We reviewed surgically-treated cases of type 3 CP during PCI. Methods and Results: From 2007 to 2010, 5 patients underwent surgical repair for type 3 CP (3 men, 2 women; mean age, 74 years). ...
Russjan Arkadiusz - - 2011
Background: Carotid stenting carries a risk of periprocedural stroke. We aimed at determining predictors of cerebral ischemic events associated with stenting for symptomatic carotid stenosis. Methods: 127 patients who had been studied by diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) before and on the day after carotid stenting were included. Six clinical variables ...
Zhang Ying - - 2011
Background and Purpose: Intracranial aneurysms with daughter blebs appear to have a higher risk of rupture. Whether hemodynamic factors are involved in this phenomenon is not clear. Methods: 54 patient-specific aneurysms harboring 69 daughter blebs were divided into ruptured and unruptured groups based on their clinical history. Realistic models were ...
Yoo Dong Hyun - - 2011
We aimed to investigate the prevalence and severity of noncalcified coronary plaques (NCP) using coronary CT angiography (CCTA) and analyze predictors of significant coronary stenosis by NCP in asymptomatic subjects with low coronary artery calcium score (CACS). The institutional review board approved this retrospective study and all patients gave written, ...
Daneault Benoit - - 2011
Stroke is a potential complication of treating patients with aortic stenosis via surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR), transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), and balloon aortic valvuloplasty. Because there are limited and heterogeneous data on the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of stroke among patients being treated for aortic stenosis, we ...
Seiffert M - - 2011
Transcatheter valve-in-valve implantation is evolving as a promising alternative to reoperative valve replacement in selected high-risk patients, considering the increasing need for redo surgery due to bioprosthetic degeneration in the future. Reoperative double valve replacements are particularly associated with an elevated surgical risk. The transapical access provides the opportunity to ...
Zhang Chi - - 2011
It has been widely observed that atherosclerotic stenosis occurs at sites with complex hemodynamics, such as arteries with high curvature or bifurcations. These regions usually have very low or highly oscillatory wall shear stress (WSS). In the present study, 3D sinusoidally pulsatile blood flow through the models of internal carotid ...
Karamanakos Petros N - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the impact of factors known after admission on mortality attributable to aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) resulting from saccular intracranial aneurysm (IA). METHODS: Data of 1657 consecutive patients admitted alive within 24 hours after aneurysmal SAH to Kuopio Neurosurgery during the years 1980-2007 from a defined population were ...
Haygood T M - - 2011
AIM: To report 11 cases of central venous access catheters migrating from the superior vena cava to the azygos vein in order to raise radiologists' awareness of this possibility. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of the clinical history and imaging of 11 patients whose central line migrated ...
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