Search Results
Results 201 - 250 of 1369
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Rasmussen Vibeke Guldbrand - - 2011
Several observational studies suggest an association between treatment with ergoline-derived dopamine agonists and valvular regurgitation. In this article, we present an overview of the literature and conduct a meta-analysis. Observational studies addressing the frequency of moderate or severe valvular regurgitation among ergoline-treated patients with Parkinson's disease were considered for a ...
Gupta N K - - 2011
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has considerable effects on cardiac functions, including those of the right ventricle, left ventricle, and pulmonary blood vessels. Most of the increased mortality associated with COPD is due to cardiac involvement. Echocardiography provides a rapid, noninvasive, portable, and accurate method to evaluate the cardiac changes. ...
Kalyani R - - 2011
Coronary artery anomalous course is rare, reported incidence is approximately 0.3-1.3% of patients undergoing coronary angiography and approximately 1% of routine autopsy examinations. A single coronary artery is an unusual congenital anomaly where only one coronary artery arises from the aortic trunk from a single coronary ostium, supplying the entire ...
Cho Sung Woo - - 2011
Abstract Objectives. The aim of the study was to assess the relationship between non-invasively (NIA) and invasively assessed (IA) aortic pulsatile indices and the presence and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). Subjects and Methods. The study group consisted of 58 patients who were admitted to our institute for elective ...
Sai Chandran B V - - 2011
Brachial arterial aneurysm is a rare entity. We present a case of multiple serial aneurysms of the brachial artery with associated multiple arteriovenous malformations of the forearm, along with symptoms of distal ischemia and its surgical management.
Chalmers Laura J - - 2011
We determined whether arterial compliance measured by pulse wave analysis is impaired in obese pubertal children compared to normal weight controls, and assessed whether arterial compliance is associated with ambulatory activity. Body fat percentage was significantly different between the normal (n = 33) and obese (n = 34) participants (P ...
Dohadwala Mustali M - - 2011
Cranberry juice contains polyphenolic compounds that could improve endothelial function and reduce cardiovascular disease risk. The objective was to examine the effects of cranberry juice on vascular function in subjects with coronary artery disease. We completed an acute pilot study with no placebo (n = 15) and a chronic placebo-controlled ...
Lozano-López Virginia V Department of Ophthalmology, Hospital Universitario de Canarias, Ctra. Gral del sur s/n, 38300, La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain, - - 2011
To report a case of central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) in a patient with biopsy-verified Wegener's granulomatosis (WG) with positive C-ANCA. A 55-year-old woman presented with a 3-day history of acute painless bilateral loss of vision; she also complained of fever and weight loss. Examination showed a CRAO in the ...
Steffenino Giuseppe - - 2011
radial arterial access is becoming increasingly popular for coronary angiography and angioplasty. The technique is, however, more demanding than femoral arterial access, and hemostasis is not care-free. A quality assurance program was run by our nursing staff, with patient follow-up, to monitor radial arterial access implementation in our laboratory. in ...
Budhiraja V - - 2011
Classically, a single renal artery arising from the abdominal aorta supplies the respective kidney on each side. Near the hilum of the kidney each renal artery divides into anterior and posterior branchs, which in turn divide into segmental arteries supplying the different renal segments. A total of 84 formalin fixed ...
Koivistoinen Teemu - - 2011
Abstract Objective. We conducted the present study to examine the associations of two different paediatric metabolic syndrome (MetS) definitions and recovery from childhood MetS with arterial pulse wave velocity (PWV), an index of arterial stiffness, measured in adulthood. Methods. A total of 945 subjects participated in the base-line study in ...
Parsa Cyrus J - - 2011
Thoracic endovascular aortic repair for chronic type B aortic dissection with associated descending thoracic aneurysm remains controversial. Concerns include potential ischemic complications due to branch vessel origin from the chronic false lumen and continued retrograde false lumen/aneurysm sac pressurization via fenestrations distal to implanted endografts. The present study examines midterm ...
Kaul Pankaj - - 2011
A 56-year-old man with sudden onset chest pain, absent right lower limb pulses and ECG changes suggestive of inferior ST elevation MI underwent coronary angiogram through the right radial artery with a view to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The left coronary angiogram demonstrated severe proximal stenotic disease in the ...
Eid N - - 2011
The persistent median artery (PMA) may compress the median nerve (MN) and may be a significant supply of blood to the hand. Two cases of unilateral PMA (4%) were detected during the dissection of 50 upper limbs. The first case was a 75-year-old, right-handed male who suffered from chronic pain ...
Shamsolkottabi Hamid - - 2011
Context: Mycotic aneurysm of the ulnar artery is extremely rare. We report a case of mycotic aneurysm of the ulnar artery due to subacute bacterial endocarditis (SBE) presenting with a painful pulsatile mass in hypotenar region. Case report: In a 39-year-old man, treated as a case of SBE, a painful ...
Radwan Kazimierz - - 2011
Coronary artery aneurysm is a rare congenital or acquired anomaly. The commonest location of coronary artery aneurysms is the right coronary artery and they are found slightly more often in males. We report an unusual case of multiple and extremely large aneurysms, therefore potentially at risk of rupture or thrombosis. ...
Farooq Vasim - - 2011
Risk stratification is an important and essential component in appropriately informing patients electing to undergo coronary artery bypass graft or percutaneous coronary intervention. This process is an integral part of the SYNTAX pioneered Heart Team approach in selecting the most appropriate revascularization modality in patients with complex coronary artery disease. ...
Fares Wassim H - - 2011
INTRODUCTION: A persistent left superior vena cava is found in 0.3-0.5% of the general population and in up to 10% of patients with a congenital cardiac anomaly. It is the most common thoracic venous anomaly and is usually asymptomatic. Being familiar with such anomaly could help clinicians avoid complications during ...
Szmuda Tomasz - - 2011
Background and purpose : An analysis of predictors of mortality in patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysm is an important aspect in the assessment of outcome. The aim of the study was to analyse factors determining mortality risk after the surgical treatment of ruptured internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm. Material and ...
Winner Marshall W MW - - 2011
Anomalous origin of the right coronary artery from the pulmonary artery is a rare condition. Two cases are presented in this paper. One case was treated by ligation and coronary artery bypass. The other was treated by direct reimplantation of the anomalous coronary artery into the aorta.
Sewell G W - - 2011
We describe a case of a 56 year old man with no previous medical history who presented with sudden onset dyspnoea, expressive dysphasia, and right arm sensory loss and paresis. A diagnosis of bilateral pulmonary embolism and transient cerebral ischaemic attack was confirmed by CT pulmonary angiogram and MRI. Paradoxical ...
Han Hoon - - 2011
Basilar artery dissection is a rare occurrence, and is significantly associated with morbidity and mortality. To the best of our knowledge, we report the first case of basilar artery dissection treated with mesenchymal stem cells. We present the case of a 17-year-old Korean man who was diagnosed with basilar artery ...
Testa-Fernández Ana - - 2011
The exercise treadmill test is widely used in the evaluation of patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease. The typical ischemic response used to be ST-segment depression. We describe a case of a 51-year-old Caucasian man with an unusual ischemic response during the exercise treadmill test: a "giant R ...
Sasaguri Shiro - - 2011
Coronary pseudoaneurysm usually occurs after catheter-based intervention as a result of traumatic dissection or perforation of a coronary artery in 4%-5% of cases. Here, we report the successful case of pseudoaneurysm occurring after percutaneous coronary angioplasty (PTCA) against the severely calcified coronary artery treated with off-pump long onlay patch bypass ...
Nazareth Justin - - 2011
Coronary artery aneurysms are seen in 1.5-5% of patients presenting for coronary angiography, but giant aneurysms, defined as being greater than 2 cm in diameter, are rare. Given the paucity of cases and limited experience in diagnosis and management of the disease, each case is a learning tool in itself. ...
Tsukioka Katsuaki - - 2011
We describe the case of a 69 year-old woman with a dilated ascending aorta, who presented with aortic valve regurgitation due to a quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV). There are only a few reports in the literature describing aortic replacement and subsequent aortic valve replacement for a malfunctioning QAV. We discuss ...
Mizoguchi Hiroki - - 2011
Transdiaphragmatic off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCAB) to the right coronary artery, is an effective way to reduce the risks of second bypass surgery as well as the risk of graft injury after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We report two cases of successful OPCAB as re-do surgery in which ...
Stojkovic Mirjana - - 2011
The aim of this study was to try to diagnose malignant liver lesions and hemangiomas by means of vascularisation and perfusion studies. The study was performed in 32 patients with hepatocelullar carcinoma (HCC), in 74 with metastatic liver carcinoma (MLC) and in 40 with hemangiomas (H). Color Doppler ultrasonography (DUS) ...
Matsushima Ken - - 2011
Giant distal anterior cerebral artery (DACA) aneurysms are extremely rare, with only 32 cases reported in the literature. Most giant DACA aneurysms have features that make standard neck clipping difficult, and bypass surgery is sometimes required, although this surgery was performed in only three reported cases. This report presents the ...
Koul Parvaiz A - - 2011
Arterial blood gas (ABG) analysis is routinely performed for sick patients but is fraught with complications, is painful, and is technically demanding. To ascertain agreement between the arterial and peripheral venous measurement of pH, pCO(2), pO(2), and bicarbonate levels in sick patients with cardiopulmonary disorders in the valley of Kashmir ...
Santillan Alejandro - - 2011
Aneurysms of the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA), especially those located in the distal portion of the AICA, are rare. There are few reported cases treated with surgery or endovascular embolization. We report two cases of fusiform distal AICA aneurysms presenting with subarachnoid hemorrhage. Parent artery occlusion with coils and ...
Guimarães Henriques João César - - 2011
Atherosclerosis is a serious chronic disease, responsible for thousands of deaths worldwide and is characterized by thickening and loss of elasticity of the arterial walls, associated with the presence of atheromatous plaques. Various risk factors act directly on predisposition to the disease, among which the following are pointed out: diabetes ...
Takano Tamaki - - 2011
Although Staphylococcus capitis is considered to be a rare causative organism for prosthetic valve endocarditis, we report 4 such cases that were encountered at our hospital over the past 2 years. Case 1 was a 79-year-old woman who underwent aortic valve replacement with a bioprosthetic valve and presented with fever ...
Li Chia-Ing - - 2011
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of MetS on arterial stiffness in a longitudinal study. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV), a measurement interpreted as arterial stiffness, was measured in 1518 community-dwelling persons at baseline and re-examined within a mean follow-up period of 3 years. Multivariate linear ...
Ma Shao-gang - - 2011
To determine whether there is an association between serum ischemia-modified albumin and the risk factor profile in type 2 diabetic patients with peripheral arterial disease and to identify the risk markers for peripheral arterial disease. Participants included 290 patients (35.2% women) with type 2 diabetes. The ankle-brachial pressure index was ...
Liang Fuyou - - 2011
Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome develops in a small subset of patients following carotid artery surgery (CAS) performed to treat severe carotid artery stenosis. This syndrome has been found to have a close correlation with cerebral hyperperfusion occurring after CAS. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether and how the ...
Diedrich Karl T - - 2011
High arterial tortuosity may signify early arterial pathology which may precede development of intracranial aneurysms. We measured arterial tortuosity of intracranial vessels and reviewed the medical records of three groups of patients: with intracranial aneurysms, without aneurysms but at increased clinical risk, and controls without aneurysms or associated risk factors. ...
Vanezis Andrew P - - 2011
Symptomatic severe aortic stenosis carries a two year survival of only 50%. However many patients are unsuitable for conventional aortic valve replacement as they are considered too high risk due to significant co-morbidities. Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) offers a viable alternative for this high risk patient group, either by ...
Santana Orlando - - 2011
Herein, we report the case of a 77-year-old man who presented with congestive heart failure. Echocardiography and cardiac catheterization revealed severe aortic stenosis with severe mitral regurgitation and a left ventricular ejection fraction of 0.20. Because of comorbidities, the patient was considered to be at high risk for double-valve surgery. ...
Nano Giovanni - - 2011
We report a case of delayed endovascular correction of graft collapse occurred after emergent Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair (TEVAR) for traumatic aortic isthmus rupture. In 7th post-operative day after emergent TEVAR for traumatic aortic isthmus rupture (Gore TAG® 28-150), a partial collapse of the endoprosthesis at the descending tract occurred, ...
Kabrhel Christopher - - 2011
To determine the association between physical inactivity (that is, a sedentary lifestyle) and incident idiopathic pulmonary embolism. Prospective cohort study. Nurses' Health Study. 69 950 female nurses who completed biennial questionnaires from 1990 to 2008. Main outcome measures The primary outcome was idiopathic pulmonary embolism confirmed in medical records. Multivariable ...
Kyriacou Efthyvoulos E Frederick University, Limassol, Cyprus. - - 2011
Carotid plaques have been associated with ipsilateral neurological symptoms. High-resolution ultrasound can provide information not only on the degree of carotid artery stenosis but also on the characteristics of the arterial wall including the size and consistency of atherosclerotic plaques. The aim of this study was to determine cerebrovascular risk ...
Zhang Jin - - 2011
Intracranial large artery disease (ICLAD), such as stenosis and calcification, is common in Chinese patients with stroke. However, little is known about ICLAD and its association with large arterial stiffness in hypertensive patients. We recruited 270 (mean age 61.0 years, 45.6% male) untreated hypertensive patients without stroke from a community ...
Prince Ethan A - - 2011
Background and purpose The clinical benefits of intra-arterial thrombolysis for ischemic stroke must be weighed against the risks, including hemorrhagic conversion. Summary of case A case of angiographically documented hemorrhagic conversion of an ischemic stroke during intra-arterial thrombolysis is presented. Discussion focuses on recognition and management of risk factors for ...
Hussein E A - - 2010
A male patient who sustained a blunt trauma to the right knee and chest resulting in posterior dislocation of the knee joint and avulsion injury to the right popliteal artery (segments II and III) had a vascular repair by interposition saphenous vein graft. Postoperatively an episode of hypotension resulted in ...
Guo Li-Xin - - 2010
Numerous studies have developed a "severity score" or "risk index" for short-term mortality associated with coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Due to the different distribution of disease types, the number of valve surgeries in the US and Europe is relatively small. Thus, a risk-scoring system for valve surgeries was developed ...
Armstrong David W J - - 2010
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a major risk factor for adverse cardiovascular events. There has been a definite push for wider use of the ankle-brachial index (ABI) as a simple screening tool for PAD. Perhaps this has occurred to the detriment of a thorough physical examination. To assess the accuracy ...
Kikuchi Y - - 2011
A left brachial plexus and axillary artery of bonobo (Pan paniscus) were examined, and the interrelation between the brachial plexus and the axillary artery was discussed. This is the first report of the brachial plexus and the axillary artery of bonobo. The bonobo brachial plexus formed very similar pattern to ...
Markose George - - 2010
There has been a longstanding debate about the roles of surgical bypass graft, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, subintimal angioplasty, and conservative management for femoro-popliteal occlusive disease. Subintimal angioplasty was first described in 1987 as a method of performing an endovascular arterial bypass. The subintimal space at the start of the occlusion ...
Gorny O - - 2010
Neurofibromatosis Type I (NF-I) is one of the most common inherited human diseases with an incidence of 1/3000. Besides the cardinal features, all organs or body structures as well as several arterial regions can occasionally be affected. We present an unusual case of an access-site hematoma following percutaneous transluminal coronary ...
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