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Prasad Anand - - 2011
The purpose of the present study was to determine the prevalence and risk factor associations for subclavian artery calcification. Arterial calcification is a marker of atherosclerosis, and its presence portends an adverse prognostic risk. The prevalence and associated risk factors for aortic arch, carotid, renal, and coronary calcification have been ...
Szeto Wilson Y - - 2011
Abstract  Aim of Study: To characterize the cerebral embolic exposure during transfemoral (TF) and transapical (TA) TAVR. Methods: To detect cerebral embolic events during TAVR, intraoperative neuromonitoring using transcranial Doppler (TCD) was utilized in 28 patients (Edwards SAPIEN valve TF n = 18, TA n = 10). High intensity transient ...
- - 2011
Retinal vein occlusion can provoke a sudden loss of visual acuity. It is generally unilateral. Risk factors include ageing, arterial hypertension, diabetes and elevated intraocular pressure. Neovascularisation of the retina or iris can occur in patients with macular ischaemia, creating a risk of glaucoma. If macular oedema develops, recovery of ...
Warren Mary Lou - - 2011
Stroke is the third leading cause of death, ranking lower only to cardiac disease and cancer. Patients with stroke involving large vessels, including the middle cerebral artery, account for almost half of all patients with ischemic strokes and have an increased risk for poor outcomes and mortality at 6 months. ...
Oh Se-Yang - - 2011
Spontaneous acute subdural hematomas (aSDH) secondary to ruptured intracranial aneurysms are rarely reported. This report reviews the clinical features, diagnostic modalities, treatments, and outcomes of this unusual and often fatal condition. We performed a database search for all cases of intracranial aneurysms treated at our hospital between 2005 and 2010. ...
Jung Dong Hyuk - - 2011
Patients with coronary artery calcification have an increased risk of coronary vascular events and mortality. Coronary artery calcification can be quantified using the coronary calcium score (CCS) from multi-detected row computed tomography (MDCT), and the score is proportionally related to the severity of atherosclerotic disease. Mean platelet volume (MPV) is ...
Vrijenhoek Joyce E P - - 2011
Objectives: After exclusion of popliteal artery aneurysms (PAAs) through bypass surgery, there is a risk of persistent flow through collaterals and growth of the excluded aneurysmal sac. This study was conducted to evaluate this risk at long-term follow-up. Methods: Sixty-five PAAs treated by proximal and distal ligation and bypass grafting ...
Huang Chi-Ming - - 2011
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary embolism is a common disease associated with a high mortality rate. The risk assessment and appropriate treatment selection of patients with acute pulmonary embolism remains a challenge. DESIGN AND METHODS: This single center cohort study included a total of 150 patients (96 male, age=71±15years) with acute pulmonary embolism ...
Rounds Kacie - - 2011
We present a case of partial amputation of the forearm resulting in soft-tissue and radial artery defects that were simultaneously repaired using a large artery-vein-artery venous flap. The flap measured 4 × 11 cm, and we attribute its complete survival and long-term durability to the artery-vein-artery configuration.
Walha Kamel - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Hippocampus is selectively susceptible to ischemic damage and it could be, in some conditions, considered as a border zone of brain ischemia. RESULTS: We illustrate this concept with three cases of hippocampal diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) restrictions secondary to a carotid artery dissection with an ipsilateral fetal posterior cerebral artery ...
Lee Bai-Chin - - 2011
We aimed to determine whether the Framingham risk score (FRS), systematic coronary risk evaluation (SCORE), and Chinese multi-provincial cohort study (CMCS) could predict anatomic severity of coronary plaques. From January 2007 to October 2010, we performed a contrast-enhanced 64-slice or 256-slice multidetector computed tomography coronary angiography as part of a ...
Shi Xiang'en - - 2011
The authors report three cases of radial artery (RA) graft bypass from the maxillary artery (MA) to either the middle cerebral artery (MCA) or the posterior cerebral artery (PCA). The first two cases presented with the features of basal ganglion ischemia, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed left and right ...
Benza Raymond L - - 2012
In pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH), survival predictions can be important for optimization of therapeutic strategies. The present study aimed to validate a quantitative algorithm for predicting survival derived from the Registry to Evaluate Early and Long-term PAH Disease Management (REVEAL Registry) and develop a simplified calculator for everyday clinical use. ...
Calvert Patrick A PA Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, - - 2011
Leukocyte telomere length (LTL), a marker of cellular senescence, is inversely associated with cardiovascular events. However, whether LTL reflects plaque extent or unstable plaques, and the mechanisms underlying any association are unknown. One hundred seventy patients with stable angina or acute coronary syndrome referred for percutaneous coronary intervention underwent 3-vessel ...
Rusu Mugurel Constantin - - 2011
Numerous, but not all, anatomical variants of the hepatic artery are known presently. New or extremely rare anatomical variations of the hepatic arteries can however be encountered in the current practice. The first case report was documented using computed tomography and refers to a rare variation: retroportal proper hepatic artery ...
Joyeux Frederic - - 2011
Hybrid repair of ruptured aortic arch repair has been proposed as a valuable approach. However, the presence of an anterior mediastinal hematoma must be carefully detected because of the inherent risk of rupture at sternotomy. We report the case of a patient presenting a ruptured aortic arch aneurysm with anterior ...
Wilson Sean R - - 2011
Coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death worldwide, and has traditionally been assessed through a patient's cardiovascular risk profile that is comprised of a combination of genetic, social, physiologic, and environmental factors. A growing discordance is being recognized in the ability of current risk estimation tools to predict ...
Wu Yi-Hsuan - - 2011
Anatomical limitations have been identified as barriers to the more widespread application of thoracic endovascular aortic repair. Here, we report a case in which a novel technique was used as a solution for an extremely dilated aortic landing zone. An elderly gentleman in profound shock was diagnosed with a ruptured ...
Bartholomew John R - - 2011
For those traveling on long flights, the risk of deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism, generally referred to as venous thromboembolism (VTE), is real and dangerous if left unrecognized or untreated. The goal of this article is to provide an overview of how best to prevent VTE during travel, and ...
Mut Fernando - - 2011
Assessing the risk of rupture of intracranial aneurysms is important for clinicians because the natural rupture risk can be exceeded by the small but significant risk carried by current treatments. To this end numerous investigators have used image-based computational fluid dynamics models to extract patient-specific hemodynamics information, but there is ...
Firnhaber Jonathon M - - 2011
The coronary artery calcium (CAC) score-an independent predictor of cardiovascular events can be used, in addition to traditional risk factor assessment, to further stratify the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) in asymptomatic patients.
Tsunoda Koichi - - 2011
When excessive height loss occurs in the elderly, which may be indicated by a cervical-bent posture, examination of the head and neck should be performed to detect common carotid artery (CCA) and internal carotid artery (ICA) aberration. In such cases brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination should be conducted to ...
Harrison Michelle - - 2011
Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) is a surrogate marker for endothelial function. In the FMD procedure, arterial response during cuff inflation is not taken into consideration yet studies have demonstrated vasoconstriction, vasodilation and no change in the brachial artery during cuff inflation. The term low flow-mediated constriction (L-FMC) has been introduced to ...
Norby Gudrun E - - 2011
Objectives. Patients with SLE who undergo kidney transplantation are at increased risk of premature cardiovascular disease. The current study aimed to investigate the prevalence of coronary artery calcification in transplanted SLE patients without coronary symptoms and to explore risk factors associated with coronary atherosclerosis. Methods. This was a cross-sectional study ...
Ferrero Emanuele - - 2011
The aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) aneurysm is rare; however, the risk of rupture and thromboembolism is high, with a postrupture mortality rate of 50%. In this report, we have described two cases of this anomaly. In the first case, a 62-year-old male patient presented with a symptomatic aneurysm of ...
La Spada Michele - - 2011
In 80% of the patients presenting with deep-venous thrombosis (DVT), a risk factor can be identified. An absent or hypoplastic infrarenal vena cava is a rare risk factor for DVT in young adults. In these cases, the prevalence of congenital anomalies of the inferior vena cava (IVC) is estimated at ...
Bui Huu Tri - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Global cardiovascular (CV) risk associated with abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) has been poorly documented. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the presence of AAA in patients hospitalized for acute coronary syndrome with coronary stenosis (≥50%) was associated with an increased CV risk at 1-year follow-up. METHODS: ...
Louise Calder A - - 2011
Symmetry of bronchi, lung lobation, and atrial appendages is frequently found in patients with heterotaxy syndromes. To evaluate the reliability of thoracic situs as an indicator of atrial appendage morphology, thoracic situs was assessed in 306 postmortem cases: 250 with atrial situs solitus and 56 with heterotaxy syndromes. Five features ...
Uchino A - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A nonbifurcating cervical carotid artery is a branching anomaly in which the ECA has no proximal main trunk. We report its incidence and characteristic features on MRA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed MRAs of 2866 patients obtained by using a standard noncontrast MRA protocol and two ...
Vijayvergiya Rajesh - - 2011
With recent advancement in percutaneous endovascular management, most atherosclerotic peripheral arterial diseases are amenable for intervention. However, there is limited published literature about atherosclerotic axillary artery involvement and its endovascular management. We report two cases of atherosclerotic axillary artery stenosis, which were successfully managed with stent angioplasty using self expanding ...
Blackshear Joseph L - - 2011
The Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy Versus Stenting Trial (CREST) found a higher risk of stroke after carotid artery stenting and a higher risk of myocardial infarction (MI) after carotid endarterectomy. Cardiac biomarkers and ECGs were performed before and 6 to 8 hours after either procedure and if there was clinical evidence ...
Dato Ilaria - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Trans-radial access in coronary intervention has gained popularity as it grants advantages in patients with higher risk of haemorrhage, especially those with non-cardiac conditions and those treated with oral anticoagulant therapy. CASE REPORT: We report a case of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the left anterior descending (LAD) artery ...
Imai Masao - - 2011
Background- We have noted abnormal angiographic findings-at the sites of drug-eluting stent implantation, suggesting contrast staining outside the stent struts-that do not fulfill the classic definition of coronary artery aneurysm. We propose a new term, peri-stent contrast staining (PSS), for these abnormal angiographic findings and assess their incidence, risk factors, ...
Russo Antonio - - 2011
Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by a low platelet count and an increased risk of bleeding. At the same time, ITP patients present an increased risk of thrombosis and atherosclerosis related to the high presence of haemostatic factors and chronic steroid therapy. Although relatively rare, the ...
Wang Fangfang - - 2011
Vascular endothelial growth factor and its receptor the kinase domain receptor play critical roles in the pathogenesis of coronary artery disease. Periostin is an up-regulator of kinase domain receptor expression. The purpose of this study was to determine whether polymorphisms in periostin are associated with the risk of coronary artery ...
Masoudkabir Farzad - - 2011
There is growing clinical interest in liver transaminases as novel biomarkers of cardiovascular risk. We investigated the possible association of serum liver transaminase activity with the presence and angiographic severity of premature coronary artery disease (CAD). A cross-sectional study was conducted on 187 younger patients (females <55 years and males ...
Guilcher Antoine - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: To compare estimation of central cSBP by application of a generalized transfer function (GTF) to a peripheral arterial waveform and from the late systolic shoulder (SBP2) of such a waveform and assess errors introduced by noninvasive calibration of the waveform. METHODS: The digital arterial pulse was acquired noninvasively with ...
Saia Francesco - - 2011
We describe the case of an 89-year-old woman who developed severe left main coronary artery stenosis shortly after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with the Medtronic CoreValve Revalving System. Urgent coronary angiography revealed the protrusion of a large calcium nodule of the native valve as the cause of left main ...
Gurgacz A M - - 2011
The blood supply of the liver and other abdominal organs plays a significant role during abdominal surgery. Knowledge of the most common patterns of vascularisation should be broadened and new anomalies of the celiac trunk and its branches dutifully reported. This paper presents two case reports which describe the lack ...
Iqtidar Ali F - - 2011
The role of atherosclerosis and atherosclerotic risk factors in predicting progressive aortic dilatation in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is not well defined. The study aim was to assess the role of these risk factors in progressive aortic dilatation in patients with this condition. Adult patients were identified with ...
Baxter Andrew R - - 2011
Cystic adventitial disease (CAD) is a well described disease entity that commonly affects the popliteal artery, presenting as a rare cause of non-atherosclerotic claudication. The traditional surgical approaches are cyst resection and bypass, or cyst evacuation or aspiration. We report the case of a 58-year-old female with CAD of the ...
Kalra Sarathi - - 2011
Coronary artery disease is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Nepal, however, there are very few published reports of prevalence of various risk factors for coronary artery disease in the community from Nepal. We evaluated 140 adult subjects by simple randomization from all wards in the community in ...
Whistance Robert N - - 2011
Pancreaticoduodenectomy is the standard treatment for localised neoplasms of the pancreatic head. The operation can be performed safely in specialist units but good outcome is compromised if postoperative blood flow to the liver and biliary tree is inadequate. Coeliac artery occlusion with blood supply to the liver arising from the ...
Zaltz Ira - - 2011
Venous thromboembolism, a known complication of orthopaedic procedures, is thought to be more prevalent following hip surgery. Venous thromboembolism risk assessment and appropriate prophylaxis according to the American College of Chest Physicians guidelines has become the standard of care. However, it is accepted that venous thromboembolism prophylaxis is associated with ...
Lee Cheong J - - 2011
Symptomatic disease of the vertebrobasilar circulation is often underdiagnosed and undertreated. In recent years, endovascular revascularization of vertebral artery stenosis has been heralded as a less invasive treatment option in comparison to open surgery, with the inherent risk of morbidity. Although a growing number of case reports and small nonrandomized ...
Mostafa Ahmad E - - 2011
Coronary artery disease has been reported in more than 50% of patients with severe aortic stenosis above the age of 70 years. Combined surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is associated with a higher operative risk. Concomitant coronary artery disease also increases the procedural risk ...
Fan Qing-Sheng - - 2011
Embolization of collateral arteries is important for transcatheter hepatic arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We evaluated the efficacy and safety of TACE, and the prevention and management of complications among patients in whom the internal thoracic artery (ITA) was involved. A total of 3614 cases of ...
Liu Chiu-Shong - - 2011
Aim: Carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity is a well-known predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. Few studies have evaluated the relationship between brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (ba-PWV) and coronary artery disease. We conducted this study to elucidate the relationship between arterial stiffness measured by ba-PWV and coronary atherosclerosis.Methods: An automatic waveform ...
Rasmussen Vibeke Guldbrand - - 2011
Several observational studies suggest an association between treatment with ergoline-derived dopamine agonists and valvular regurgitation. In this article, we present an overview of the literature and conduct a meta-analysis. Observational studies addressing the frequency of moderate or severe valvular regurgitation among ergoline-treated patients with Parkinson's disease were considered for a ...
Gupta N K - - 2011
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) has considerable effects on cardiac functions, including those of the right ventricle, left ventricle, and pulmonary blood vessels. Most of the increased mortality associated with COPD is due to cardiac involvement. Echocardiography provides a rapid, noninvasive, portable, and accurate method to evaluate the cardiac changes. ...
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