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Işıkay Canan Togay - - 2011
We present a case of transient ischemic attack (TIA) as an extremely rare presentation of cerebral vein thrombosis. A 41-year-old man presented with a headache and episodes of hypoesthesia on his left side lasting approximately 30 minutes. Several vascular risk factors were remarkable in his medical history. The neurologic examination ...
Boutouyrie Pierre - - 2011
Arterial stiffness has emerged as an important marker of cardiovascular risk in various populations and reflects the cumulative effect of cardiovascular risk factors on large arteries, which in turn is modulated by genetic background. Arterial stiffness is determined by the composition of the arterial wall and the arrangement of these ...
Qian Y - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The decision as to the treatment of incidental IAs is complex. There are no certain quantitative methods that can be used to evaluate the risk of rupture in IAs. In recent years, CFD technology has been recognized as a potential risk-analysis tool. The aim of this article was ...
Lad Shivanand P - - 2011
Abstract Objective and importance. In rare instances, patients who are undergoing evaluation for temporal lobe epilepsy surgery will also be found to have an incidental aneurysm adjacent to the temporal lobe. Although busy epilepsy centers will eventually come across cases like this, to our knowledge there are currently no publications ...
Ye C - - 2011
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to summarise our experience of endovascular stent grafting for Stanford type A aortic dissection. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis at single centre. METHODS: From January 2001 to January 2009, we treated 45 cases of Stanford type A aortic dissection with endovascular stent grafting. The entry ...
Sørensen Henrik T - - 2011
Background-Heart diseases increase the risk of arterial embolism; whether they increase the risk of pulmonary embolism without peripheral venous thrombosis is less certain.Methods and Results-We conducted a nationwide, population-based case-control study in Denmark using patients diagnosed with pulmonary embolism and/or deep venous thrombosis between 1980 and 2007. We computed odds ...
Miller John A - - 2011
Certain coronary anomalies are associated with high risk features. We sought to determine the diagnostic accuracy of coronary computed tomographic angiography (CTA) in determining high-risk features, particularly intramural segments. Anomalous coronary arteries can be associated with adverse clinical events. Anomalous coronaries that course between the great vessels (interarterial) have been ...
Tohno Yoshiyuki - - 2011
To clarify the manner of accumulation of Ca and P in the coronary arteries, the authors divided the coronary arteries into many segments based on arterial ramification and investigated the element contents of the segments by direct chemical analysis. After ordinary dissection at Chiang Mai University was finished, the left ...
Rudan Diana - - 2011
Coronary artery aneurysm (CAA) is defined as dilatation of the coronary artery that is more than 1.5 times the diameter of normal adjacent segments. A coronary artery with a diameter more than 2 cm is termed as 'giant aneurysm' and only a few cases have been described in the literature. In ...
Dorfer Christian - - 2011
BACKGROUND:: Coil instability possibly translating into higher delayed rebleeding rates remains a concern in the endovascular management of cerebral aneurysms. OBJECTIVE:: To report on 127 patients with endovascular aneurysmal remnants who underwent retreatment over an 18 yr period. METHODS:: Patients presenting with aneurysm residuals >20% of the original lesion, unstable ...
Naylor A R - - 2011
To determine the role of carotid artery disease in the pathophysiology of stroke after coronary artery bypass (CABG). Systematic review of the literature. The risk of stroke after CABG was 2% and remained unchanged between 1970-2000. Two-thirds occurred after day 1 and 23% died. 91% of screened CABG patients had ...
Ausen Kjersti - - 2011
Abstract Flaps pedicled on the superficial temporal vessels are versatile in reconstruction of the face and scalp. Various tissues can be harvested and flexible pivot points and long pedicles allow for them to reach the entire face. Colour and texture match is good, and morbidity at the donor site is ...
London N J M - - 2011
The technique of subintimal angioplasty has been attempted on 200 consecutive femoropopliteal artery occlusions of median (range) length 11 (2-37) cm. The principle of the technique is to traverse the occlusion in the subintimal plane and recanalise by inflating the angioplasty balloon within the subintimal space. The technical success rate was ...
Guo Lie-Mei - - 2011
Rebleeding from ruptured intracranial aneurysms is a major cause of death and disability. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of rebleeding and the risk factors related to rebleeding before early aneurysm repair. The incidence of rebleeding, demographic data, and clinical data from 326 patients with aneurysmal ...
Galanaud Jean-Philippe - - 2011
Isolated distal deep-vein thrombosis (iDDVT) is a distal deep-vein thrombosis (DVT) without proximal DVT or pulmonary embolism. Although its clinical significance is uncertain, its prevalence is increasing with the use of whole leg compression ultrasonography. Epidemiological data giving reported rates of venous thromboembolism (VTE) are scarce, and there is potential ...
Lalezari Shirin - - 2011
We evaluated the results of the arterial switch operation (ASO) being performed at our institution for more than 30 years and identified risk factors for mortality and reoperation. Clinical outcome of 332 consecutive patients with transposition of the great arteries undergoing ASO was retrospectively analyzed, using surgical reports, medical charts, ...
Padovani Trivelato F - - 2011
The posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) frequently has a variable course and target territory. However, double origin PICA is a rare finding. Its significance is uncertain, but it has been associated with intracranial aneurysms localized at the PICA proper or at a distant site. The presence of this variation imposes ...
Rouska Efthymia - - 2011
The surgical management of aortic regurgitation in a patient with aortitis is potentially of high risk, especially if it is a reoperation. We present the case of a 59-year-old man for whom coronary artery bypass surgery was not feasible due to structural abnormalities of the aorta and hybrid management was ...
Baikoussis Nikolaos G - - 2011
Acute cerebral embolism or cerebral aneurysm formation as a consequence of left atrial myxomas has been well documented, but the formation of multiple cerebral aneurysms resulting from atrial myxoma is a very rare neurological complication. We present the case of a 72-year-old-woman with a cardiac myxoma who suffered multiple cerebral ...
Sherlock Katrina E - - 2011
Abstract  In certain complex cases, where there is severe calcification of the mitral annulus but significant mitral regurgitation or systolic anterior motion (SAM), or in high-risk cases where prolonged bypass is to be avoided, the Alfieri-stitch repair of the mitral valve may be the most appropriate option available, particularly as ...
Schneider J R - - 2011
We present a case of an infected stent graft in the superficial femoral artery (SFA). A 67-year-old woman underwent excision of an infected Viabahn stent graft. At exploration there was no apparent artery around the majority of the stent graft, suggesting that the SFA had been autolysed. Infected stents and ...
Yoshimura Shinichi - - 2011
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A major disadvantage of carotid artery stenting (CAS) compared to carotid endarterectomy is the increased risk of cerebral embolism. Thus, establishing a simple method to discriminate fragile plaques on preoperative routine examination is important. The present study examined whether high-intensity signal (HIS) in the plaque on time-of-flight ...
Cournot Maxime - - 2011
One of the imaging tests most commonly used to assess cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in daily practice is Doppler ultrasonography of the carotid and femoral arteries. We included 2709 participants with no history or symptoms of CVD; they had a risk factor assessment and a carotid and femoral ultrasonography at baseline. ...
Fineschi Vittorio - - 2011
The accuracy of antemortem diagnosis of pulmonary embolism is within the range of just 10-30%, so representing one of the most frequent missed diagnosis in sudden, unexpected death. We describe 43 fatal cases of pulmonary embolism as confirmed by post-mortem examination. The aim of our study was to verify the ...
Sakalli Hale - - 2011
A 12-year-old girl presented with a sudden decrease in her right visual acuity and homonymous hemianopsia. An angiography of the retinal arteries demonstrated recanalized occlusion of the right retinal artery. Cerebral angiography showed bilateral internal carotid artery stenosis associated with the development of collateral circulation. Laboratory evaluations revealed dual antineutrophil ...
Holmlund Anders - - 2012
Periodontal disease has been associated with cardiovascular disorders with an atherosclerotic background, and number of teeth (NT) has been suggested as a possible risk indicator for cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study is to investigate whether NT was related to the intima-media thickness (IMT) and to atherosclerotic plaque in ...
Quin Jacquelyn A - - 2011
BACKGROUND: Geographic variations in patient risk factors and operative mortality after coronary artery bypass graft surgery have not been well studied. METHODS: Using The Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Cardiac Database, a retrospective cohort study was performed of patients undergoing isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery from 2004 to 2007 ...
Fujii Kosuke - - 2011
Closure of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in the elderly is a high-risk procedure due to the fragility of the aorta and aneurysmal changes in the ductus. Stent grafting has emerged as a method for treating aortic disease. We describe a case in which this endovascular technique was successfully performed for ...
Bajaj Amit - - 2011
We describe an unusual case of PHACE syndrome that provides a demonstration of the role of vascular anomalies in the causation of external ear and facial anomalies. The child in our case was characterized by a small segmental hemangioma of the face, tetralogy of Fallot, and anomalous origin of left ...
Lal Brajesh K - - 2011
Percent diameter reduction provides an imperfect assessment of the risk for stroke from carotid atheroembolism. Stroke associated with atherosclerotic carotid stenosis commonly results from plaque disruption brought about by hemodynamic shear stress and Bernoulli forces. The aim of the present study was to predict the effect of incomplete intracranial collateralization ...
He Yu - - 2011
Partial steal has been regarded as a classic ultrasound appearance of subclavian steal syndrome. We report a case with the vertebral artery origin stenosis and intact subclavian artery, which showed the similar partial steal ultrasound features. The following computerized tomography angiography confirmed the stenosis. Therefore, when an alternating flow in ...
Venkatachalam Sridhar - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The management of concurrent severe carotid and coronary disease is a subject of ongoing debate in the absence of randomized clinical trials. Amidst the growing controversy, the clinician has to carefully tailor the best strategy for a given patient based on neurologic and cardiac symptoms. This review ...
Nair Vidhya - - 2011
BACKGROUND: The Medtronic Freestyle valve is a stentless porcine valve with reportedly excellent clinical and hemodynamic results, but little has been reported about its long-term pathology. METHODS: Seventeen Freestyle valves were explanted (from 2003 to 2009) and reviewed to assess reasons for bioprosthesis failure. All valves were examined in detail, ...
Tarantini Giuseppe - - 2011
We present the case of an 83-year-old man who was admitted with New York Heart Association class III dyspnea and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea. Because of high surgical risk, a percutaneous treatment of both mitral and aortic valvulopathies was planned. This case reports the feasibility of a totally percutaneous approach in ...
Eagleton Matthew J - - 2011
Thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAA) remain a challenging problem to manage. Operative care for patients afflicted with this devastating problem is associated with significant risks, including renal failure and paraplegia. Several techniques have been developed to help limit the risk for these complications, yet they still remain some of the greatest ...
Badheka Apurva O - - 2011
We used the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Limited Access Dataset of Prevention of Events with Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibition (PEACE) Trial (n = 8290) which included patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and preserved ejection fraction (>40%). We identified risk factors for the development of critical peripheral arterial ...
Yoshioka Daisuke - - 2011
Giant traumatic coronary artery pseudoaneurysm is extremely rare, and very few cases of traumatic coronary artery aneurysm have been previously reported. We present a case of an asymptomatic, giant, traumatic right coronary artery pseudoaneurysm caused by blunt chest trauma and sternal fracture. The risk of rupture or peripheral embolization remains ...
Bianchini Massoni Claudio C Department of Specialistic Surgeries and Anesthesiological Sciences, University of Bologna, Policlinico S Orsola-Malpighi, Bologna, Italy. - - 2011
To evaluate the role of 3-projection completion angiography in defining endograft limb stenosis after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and to determine the role of adjunctive stenting in reducing the risk of endograft limb occlusion. In our center, stent-graft limb dilation was routinely done after endograft deployment in patients with preoperatively ...
Parmar Jitesh - - 2011
Streptococcus equi is a common equine infectious disease, but transmission to man is rare and confined to those who commonly come into close contact with horses. Similarly, prosthetic stent graft infection is a rare complication of endovascular aortic aneurysm repair. We describe the first reported case of aortic stent graft ...
Sato Yukihisa - - 2011
Ascending pharyngeal-vertebral anastomosis has been identified by angiography of the carotid artery in several cases. We present a case of ascending pharyngeal-vertebral anastomosis that was found incidentally in computed tomography angiography of the ascending pharyngeal artery. Images revealed that the anastomosis formed through the hypoglossal branch of the neuromeningeal trunk. ...
Meier Bernhard - - 2011
A first case of coronary stent implantation through a 4 French diagnostic catheter is described.© 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Zeb Irfan - - 2011
Coronary artery calcium (CAC) score correlates strongly with the burden of atherosclerotic plaques in the coronary arteries. It is the strongest predictor of future coronary events in asymptomatic individuals, being stronger than all traditional risk factors combined. It is also a better predictor of future events than carotid intima-media thickness ...
Hsu Po-Chao - - 2011
Functional coronary artery occlusion due to type A aortic dissection has rarely been reported in the literature. We report a case of aortic dissection presenting with anterior ST elevation. Coronary angiography revealed normal findings and chest computed tomography-confirmed type A aortic dissection. Emergent surgery was performed and dissection involving the ...
Cheema Riffat - - 2011
Abstract Objectives: Analysis of fetal arterial and venous Doppler predictability for adverse perinatal outcome. Methods: Blood flow in the uterine, umbilical and middle cerbral arteries, umbilical vein, ductus venosus and Galen vein were examined with in 72 hours of delivery in 88 high-risk pregnancies. The managing clinicians were only informed ...
van Wijk Marja J - - 2011
The study aim was to identify risk factors for morphological rejection of aortic and pulmonary valves for transplantation that could be used to optimize donor selection. The files of all Dutch heart valve donors, donating in a 2.5 years period, whose hearts were processed at Heart Valve Bank Rotterdam, were reviewed ...
Dardas P - - 2011
Mechanical circulatory support (MCS) with short-term ventricular assist devices has been used as a bridge to high-risk percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI), as well as during interventions and in the post-procedural recovery period. Percutaneous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is used when full cardiopulmonary support is necessary due to severe biventricular and ...
Schmehl Jörg - - 2011
Malignancies of the aortic wall represent a rare condition, and only a few reports have covered cases of sarcomas arising at the site of a prosthesis made of Dacron. A coincidence with endovascular repair has only been reported in one case to date. We report a patient with epithelioid angiosarcoma ...
Poli Daniela - - 2011
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Pulmonary embolism is the most serious complication of venous thromboembolism, with an elevated case/fatality rate. Patients who survived a first episode of pulmonary embolism should be evaluated for the risk of recurrence and of chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). RECENT FINDINGS: The risk of recurrence is higher ...
Sprunger D B - - 2012
Recent epidemiological studies have suggested an increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in lung fibrosis. Large-scale epidemiological data regarding the risk of VTE in pulmonary fibrosis-associated mortality have not been published. Using data from the National Center for Health Statistics from 1988-2007, we determined the risk of VTE in decedents ...
Cheung Helen M C - - 2011
To determine if complicated plaque can be found by using magnetic resonance (MR) imaging-depicted intraplaque hemorrhage (IPH), even among symptomatic patients with low-grade (≤50%) carotid stenosis. The institutional ethics review board approved this retrospective study and waived requirements for written informed consent. Symptomatic patients with bilateral 0%-50% carotid stenosis referred ...
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