Search Results
Results 551 - 600 of 1366
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Doshi S - - 1999
New lesions appearing during coronary angioplasty may be due to a number of causes including spasm, dissection, embolisation, thrombosis and creation of a pseudo-lesion. The term "coronary pseudo-lesions" has been given to describe artefactual lesions occurring during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty and induced by the angioplasty guide-wire and/or balloon as ...
Katoh H - - 1999
The clinical efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and intra-arterial papaverine infusion for treatment of vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage was investigated. Between 1990 and 1993, 84 patients were treated for cerebral vasospasm in National Defense Medical College Hospital. Angioplasty was performed for asymptomatic vasospasm in 18 patients and for symptomatic vasospasm ...
Eckard D A - - 1999
Our objective is to describe the use of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty in eight patients with symptomatic high-grade atherosclerotic intracranial internal carotid artery stenoses. We describe our technique for performing the procedure and clinical and radiographic follow-up for an average of 53 months to determine the long-term results. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty ...
Leu A J - - 1999
Early reocclusion and late restenosis are well-known problems after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). We report here on a phenomenon not described so far in two patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease who had PTA of the common iliac and the superficial femoral artery, respectively. Both had a good hemodynamic and ...
Al-Hamali S - - 1999
Embolism is believed to be the major cause of end-organ damage after angioplasty and endoluminal procedures. Recently, Doppler ultrasound scanning has been used to detect asymptomatic cerebral emboli. We determined whether asymptomatic embolic signals (ES) could be detected distal to a significant iliac artery stenosis of >60% both before and ...
Rees M R - - 1999
Activated guidewire angioplasty (AGA) is a new technique which has been designed to assist in angioplasty of total occlusions. The purpose of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of using flexible relatively soft guidewires (floppy wires) in conjunction with this technique and also to determine the predictors ...
Ragosta M - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Thrombus is important in the pathophysiology of several complications of angioplasty, including abrupt closure and restenosis. Levels of prothrombin fragment F1.2 and fibrinopeptide A reflect thrombin generation and activity. The effect of angioplasty on levels of these markers is unclear. METHODS: Patients undergoing either balloon angioplasty (n = 30) ...
van de Ven P J - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for ostial atherosclerotic renal-artery stenosis has poor results. Angioplasty with stent placement (PTAS) may be more effective. We undertook a randomised prospective study to compare PTA with PTAS in patients with ostial atherosclerotic renal-artery stenosis. METHODS: Patients with ostial atherosclerotic renal-artery stenosis were assigned to ...
O'Donohoe M K - - 1999
OBJECTIVES: To examine the factors influencing outcome and restenosis in an initial series of 100 infrainguinal angioplasties. DESIGN: Prospective study of angioplasties of the superficial femoral and popliteal arteries performed over a 42-month period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive angioplasties in 96 patients performed in the operating theatre between ...
Jimenez C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Angioplasty for basilar artery stenosis is often complicated by recurrent abrupt vessel closure. The clinical results can be catastrophic. In this case report, we assess the effects of intra-arterial papaverine (American Regent Laboratories Inc., Shirley, NJ) on rebound occlusion. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: The patient presented with crescendo transient ...
Vigliaroli L - - 1999
During a 6-year period the authors performed percutaneous dilational tracheostomy (PDT) in 304 cases using the technique introduced by Ciaglia in 1985. A following study on 40 patients evaluated late complications of PDT; none of the patients developed laryngotracheal stenosis. In our experience PDT has been a very sure technique ...
Giavroglou C - - 1999
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and stenting in the management of the coronary-subclavian steal syndrome (CSSS). A 56-year-old man presented with CSSS due to occlusion of the left subclavian artery. He was treated with PTA and placement of two stents ...
Nakai K - - 1999
We applied low-power ultraviolet (UV) laser irradiation via a thin flexible optical fiber to an in vivo model of vasospasm using an intravascular transluminal approach. The surgically exposed left femoral arteries of a rabbit were constricted by norepinephrine. A quartz fiber of 400 microm in diameter was introduced into the ...
Parsons R E - - 1998
Results of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in selected cases have been reported to be equal or superior to those of arterial bypass graft surgery, with a lower morbidity and mortality. We performed PTA of stenotic or occlusive lesions in patients with limb-threatening ischemia, hoping to improve our overall success and ...
Chetter I C - - 1998
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the impact of PTA on the quality of life (QoL) of claudicants and to analyse which patients and which arterial lesions derive the most benefit. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. MATERIALS: One hundred and seventeen claudicants undergoing PTA were studied; 35 patients had bilateral ...
Mori T - - 1998
A 65-year-old man, who suffered from recurrent syncopal attacks after a minor stroke, was treated by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty using the kissing balloon technique (KBT) in which two angioplasty balloons were inflated simultaneously for the right carotid bifurcation stenoses. Because they involved the right internal carotid artery and the right ...
Min J H - - 1998
A successful attempt at percutaneous transluminanl coronary angioplasty (PTCA) to relieve stenosis of the mid-portion of the left anterior descending artery was achieved in a 6-year 9-month old boy who had multiple coronary aneurysms and stenosis due to Kawasaki disease. Despite the progression of coronary stenosis he had been well ...
Mandai S - - 1998
Summary: Eleven patients with symptomatic intracranial atherosclerotic stenotic lesions underwent percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). Seven patients had stenosis in M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery (MCA), two in the cavernous internal carotid artery, one in M2 segment of the MCA and one in the P2 segment of the posterior ...
Yoshimura S - - 1998
Summary: Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is currently performed as a therapeutic strategy for the management of the cervical carotid artery stenosis. In our clinic, PTA was performed successfully in all 24 patients initially. Restenosis was observed in 4 of 24 patients who received 3 to 6 month follow-up angiography. Repeated ...
Sprecher D L - - 1998
The evolution of the management of coronary artery disease over the last 30 years has been dramatic. Medical therapy, which often proved ineffective, was the mainstay of therapy until the mid-1960s. Then, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) revolutionized treatment, and the overall strategy became an invasive one. There was another ...
Bahl V K - - 1998
Coronary angioplasty of total occlusions is technically difficult and is associated with limited success rates. The procedural outcome is mainly determined by the underlying pathological process. Recanalization of total occlusions is aimed at finding the passage with least resistance, without causing dissection or perforation. Several techniques have been advocated to ...
Nicholson T - - 1998
PURPOSE: To determine whether percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and enclosed thrombolysis (ET) is superior to PTA alone in the treatment of femoropopliteal occlusions. METHODS: Twenty-five patients with 5-15-cm-long occlusions in the femoropopliteal segments, with otherwise normal run-in arteries and at least one normal tibioperoneal artery to the foot, were randomized ...
Moreno P R - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Early loss of minimal luminal diameter of >0.3 mm after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) is associated with a higher incidence of restenosis. The underlying mechanism of this early loss is unknown and thrombus may be a contributing factor. METHODS: We performed a prospective study using quantitative computerized ...
Eschelman D J - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the value and limitations of carbon dioxide (CO2) as a contrast agent to guide vascular interventional procedures. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty-two adults underwent 26 vascular interventional procedures (21 arterial, five venous). We aimed to use only CO2 if possible because these ...
Kyriakides Z S - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that coronary flow reserve could increase in the angiographically normal contralateral artery after successful coronary angioplasty of an ipsilateral coronary artery. DESIGN: Coronary flow reserve was estimated using a Doppler flow guide wire, by giving intracoronary adenosine in the contralateral artery, before and 15 minutes ...
Deitch J S - - 1998
Because the beta3-antagonist abciximab (c7E3 Fab) has significantly improved late outcomes after coronary angioplasty, the beta3 integrins have been implicated in the arterial response to injury. However, the mechanisms underlying this benefit are unknown. The observation that c7E3 binds beta3 integrins on vascular cells (alphavbeta3) with affinity equal to that ...
Okada M - - 1998
OBJECTIVE: The authors studies laser angioplasty for patients with obstructive arterial diseases since the 1980s. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Usefulness of laser angioplasty for endovascular surgery was recognized especially for patients having short segments of severe atherosclerotic changes in vessels. METHODS: The authors retrospectively reviewed clinical experience of angioplasty by argon ...
Simsir S A - - 1998
The hospital records of 22 patients on hemodialysis undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting, and 19 others undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty were reviewed to compare the outcomes of these procedures in this population. Evidence of previous myocardial infarction or triple vessel or left main coronary artery disease was more common ...
Rundback J H - - 1998
To evaluate percutaneous treatment options for preserving hemodialysis access after angioplasty-related venous rupture, we retrospectively reviewed the charts for all dialysis access angioplasties performed over a 33-month period. Seven cases of venous rupture after venous angioplasty were identified (four men and three women; mean age, 63.5 years). Treatment included observation ...
Touho H - - 1998
The relationship between clinical improvement after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and hemodynamic condition in vertebrobasilar insufficiency was evaluated in 43 patients between 45 and 86 years of age with clinically symptomatic atherosclerotic stenotic lesions in the posterior circulation. The 43 patients had a total of 51 stenotic lesions, including 17 ...
Tamura S - - 1998
We present a patient with renal artery stenoses due to fibromuscular dysplasia involving the point of arterial bifurcation that we could successfully dilate with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. We used the kissing balloon technique to prevent possible complications of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty (PTRA), including occlusion of the other branch while ...
Kellogg J X - - 1998
Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), an established treatment of arterial stenosis in coronary, renal, and other peripheral sites, is being applied to the cerebrovascular territory with greater frequency. Early results suggest that PTA may be safe and efficacious in the treatment of extracranial arterial stenosis secondary to atherosclerosis and fibromuscular dysplasia. ...
Stuhrmann M - - 1998
PURPOSE: To examine the extent of the changes in the intrarenal spectral waveform patterns after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) and whether there is a correlation with the angiographic and clinical results. METHODS: In 44 patients with 68 PTAs we analyzed the intrarenal spectral waveform regarding the existence of a tardus-parvus ...
Yokote H - - 1998
We report 17 cases of intracranial arterial stenosis treated by percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA), including 9 on the intracranial internal carotid (ICA), 4 on the middle cerebral (MCA), and 4 on vertebrobasilar artery (VBA) system. All patients had ischaemic brain symptoms and stenoses of more than 60% (calculated angiographically). We ...
Amin H - - 1998
Infectious complications of coronary angioplasty and stenting are uncommon. A 70-year-old man is presented who underwent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and stenting of an occluded left anterior descending artery. This was complicated by Staphylococcus aureus pericarditis with tamponade. He was successfully treated with a closed drainage and antibiotics. This ...
Abizaid A - - 1998
This study evaluated the clinical, intravascular ultrasound (IVUS), and angiographic determinants of the coronary flow reserve (CFR) as measured by guidewire Doppler velocimetry. Using standard methodology, 86 consecutive patients were studied before intervention (n = 73 patients, including the assessment of intermediate stenoses) and/or after intervention (n = 39 patients, ...
Thomas S M - - 1998
Although balloon angioplasty is the most widely used technique for treating peripheral vascular disease, developments in endovascular therapies have extended methods of percutaneous vascular intervention. Lasers have been used to recanalize occluded arteries. Mechanical devices can remove obstructions and metallic stents can be placed to keep a vessel open with ...
Keris V - - 1998
The increasing incidence of stroke is frequently maintained by the processes narrowing precerebral and cerebral arteries. That is why the surgical treatment of cerebrovascular disorders has increasingly included percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. However, the influence of transluminal angioplasty on the biomechanical properties of arterial wall have not been assessed so far. ...
Brachmann J - - 1998
This study prospectively compared immobilization time followed by use of a vascular hemostasis device (VasoSeal) versus manual compression to achieve hemostasis at the arterial puncture after angiography and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). The trial shows that use of a vascular hemostasis device results in earlier mobilization, even in highly ...
Chandra S - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Alleviating vascular restenosis after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty remains a formidable challenge. Although multiple factors have been implicated in the pathophysiology of this vascular remodeling disorder, only limited therapeutic success has been achieved. Endothelin (ET)-1 has recently been implicated in the pathogenesis of neointimal growth. We report the in vivo ...
Terada T - - 1998
We treated three patients with tandem internal carotid stenoses in single procedures including carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for the proximal stenosis and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for the distal stenosis. We devised a Y-shaped shunt tube for the CEA, through which a balloon catheter was introduced to perform PTA guided by ...
Hofbeck M - - 1998
In young children with renal artery stenosis the applicability of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty is limited by the small vessel size. We report our experience in a 15-month-old girl with severe hypertension, who underwent successful balloon dilatation of a tight renal artery stenosis caused by fibromuscular dysplasia. The procedure was performed ...
Sugiura T - - 1998
To evaluate the incidence and clinical significance of infarction-associated pericardial effusion in patients with successful primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, we studied 214 consecutive patients with a first Q-wave acute myocardial infarction. Based on 9 clinical variables, multivariate analysis was performed to determine the important variables related to the occurrence ...
Tyagi S - - 1998
PURPOSE: To compare the early and long-term outcomes of subclavian artery angioplasty in patients with aortoarteritis and atherosclerosis. METHODS: Sixty-one subclavian artery angioplasties were performed in 55 consecutive patients with aortoarteritis (n = 32) and atherosclerosis (n = 23) between 1986 and 1995. An arch aortogram followed by a selective ...
Seggewiss H - - 1998
Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) is an established therapy for coronary artery disease (CAD), whereas percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) is becoming increasingly significant in the therapy of symptomatic patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM). We report the first ever simultaneous treatment, in a 62-yr-old patient, of significant HOCM ...
Nakayama T - - 1998
Three cases of intracranial vertebrobasilar occlusion were successfully treated in the acute stage by thrombolysis and angioplasty. All three patients were admitted to the hospital because of consciousness disturbance and other brainstem signs. Initial angiography revealed intracranial vertebrobasilar occlusions. At first, a microcatheter was introduced into the distal site of ...
Topaz O - - 1998
BACKGROUND: Severe allograft coronary artery disease is a significant cause of death in heart transplant recipients. Percutaneous revascularization has thus far been attempted with balloon angioplasty and, to a lesser extent, with directional atherectomy. The new, investigational, solid-state pulsed-wave mid-infrared laser (holmium:YAG) can vaporize and remove atheromatous and thrombotic plaques. ...
de Smet B J - - 1998
Geometric remodeling in de novo atherosclerosis and in restenosis after balloon angioplasty constitutes a change in total arterial circumference that, together with plaque growth or neointima formation, determines the lumen of the artery. The heterogeneous nature of arterial obstructions raises the question of whether early and late outcomes (restenosis) of ...
Valéro F - - 1998
Restenosis remains the major limitation of coronary angioplasty. The objective of this study was to develop microspheres able to be delivered at the angioplasty site for long-term drug release and to test their effects in a model of balloon angioplasty. Polylactic-co-glycolide acid microspheres (5-10 microm in diameter) were prepared by ...
Gaxiola E - - 1998
An 82-year-old woman undergoing percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty experienced perforation of the terminal portion of the left anterior descending coronary artery caused by guidewire trauma. The coronary artery perforation was successfully closed using a vascular occlusion system consisting of individual thrombogenic coils delivered to the site. Coronary artery perforation (CAP) ...
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