Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1374
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Yoo B S - - 2001
We describe a first case of successful transcatheter management of guidewire-induced distal coronary artery perforation and impending cardiac tamponade, which developed during percutaneous coronary angioplasty, with transcatheter injection of polyvinyl alcohol form. This method may be an effective alternative in the management of distal coronary artery perforation requiring surgical repair.
Faries P L - - 2001
The success of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) in the treatment of common and external iliac atherosclerotic lesions has been established for the general population. However, several studies have suggested that the presence of diabetes may reduce the effectiveness of iliac angioplasty, particularly in the setting of limb-threatening ischemia requiring concomitant ...
Fasseas Panayotis - - 2001
Distal embolization of particulate matter complicates percutaneous coronary and peripheral interventions more often than had been recognized until recently. A number of distal protection devices are under development. The PercuSurge GuardWiretrade mark is a balloon occlusion thrombectomy device approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for saphenous vein ...
Payne M M - - 2001
The 1st percutaneous transluminal angioplasty marked a new era in the treatment of peripheral atherosclerotic lesions. The early techniques used in peripheral percutaneous transluminal angioplasty form the basis for subsequent percutaneous intervention both in the peripheral and coronary arteries and are largely the contribution of Charles Dotter. Dotter was the ...
Patel T - - 2000
We report a technique for retrieval of a broken angioplasty wire fragment from the coronary system using a more simplified technique that does not involve the use of a snare or any other retrieval tool. With the use of an additional angioplasty wire and a balloon catheter, we could safely ...
Sheikh B Y BY Department of Neurosurgery, King Faisal University, P.O. BOX 40040, Al-Khobar, 31952, Saudi Arabia - - - 2000
This is a retrospective study of 15 cases with symptomatic basilar artery atherosclerotic chronic stenosis. One patient presented with reversible ischemic neurological deficits and another with completed infarction, the rest of patients presented with progressive transient neurological deficits (TIA) that was refractory to medical treatment. The protocol of PTA included ...
Yoshino K K Department of Neurosurgery, Kagawa Rosai Hospital; Kagawa Rosai, - - 2000
To date in our hospital, surgical reconstructions and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) were carried out in 168 patients with vertebral artery (VA) stenosis at the origin. In this article, we discuss the comparison between surgical reconstructions and PTA, especially regarding long term follow up, patency and complications. PTA is a ...
Katritsis D - - 2000
Previous studies have investigated the radiation dose to doctors and patients during coronary angiography and angioplasty, but most of them were retrospective, conducted in the prestent era, and results have not been consistent. Effective dose of 57 patients undergoing coronary angiography and/or angioplasty was assessed by using a dose-area product ...
Bulvas M - - 2000
In 23 patients, percutaneous atherectomy was performed with an endomyocardial biopsy device in 27 eccentric stenoses of lower limb arteries. The mean percentage stenosis was reduced from 82% to 14% (P: <.001). Histopathologic examination revealed no media or adventitial tissue in the extracted particles. The technical success and complication rates ...
Hagenaars T - - 2000
This retrospective observational intravascular ultrasound study evaluated whether simvastatin therapy limits lumen area reduction 1-year after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) by reducing reactive plaque growth, reducing reactive vasoconstriction, or both. This study showed that plaque growth is a general response 1 year after PTA regardless of the use of simvastatin; ...
Pizzuto F - - 2000
We report the diagnosis of mammary artery graft dysfunction by high-resolution transthoracic Doppler and venous adenosine infusion. The patient was treated by percutaneous balloon angioplasty, with optimal angiographic results. Coronary flow reserve in the distal left anterior descending artery was abnormal before angioplasty, and recovered soon after the procedure. The ...
Katzenschlager R - - 2000
BACKGROUND: To evaluate colour duplex sonographic guidance of local lysis of occlusions in the femoropopliteal region. METHODS: Thirteen consecutive patients (8 female, mean age 67) with peripheral artery disease with acute and subacute occlusions in the superficial femoral or popliteal artery were included in this study. The lesions were identified ...
Steinkamp H J - - 2000
AIM: To demonstrate the range of applying laser angioplasty after unsuccessful recanalization of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) with conventional interventional techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a prospective trial in 94 cases with occlusion of the SFA and formerly unsuccessful conventional percutaneous transluminal angioplasty, laser angioplasty for recanalization was applied. ...
Inoguchi H - - 2000
A 42-year-old woman complicated with neurofibromatosis underwent both balloon percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of the iliac artery and femoropopliteal (FP) bypass grafting for critical lower limb ischemia. Seven months after the initial intervention, a recurrence of stenosis in the iliac artery and at the anastomoses of the FP bypass necessitated ...
Nguyen K T - - 2000
A man with four endocardial pacemaker leads and two vegetations (1.5 cm and 1 cm) underwent successful percutaneous laser-assisted lead extraction. Although this procedure was complicated by embolization to a left pulmonary arterial branch, the patient recovered without sequelae. This article reviews the literature on lead extraction associated with large ...
Cognard C - - 2000
Basilar artery occlusions are rare but have a very poor prognosis. Intra-arterial thrombolysis may produce recanalization and better clinical outcome. A short delay between the onset of symptoms and thrombolysis is considered essential for successful recanalization and for the smallest possible risk of haemorrhagic complications. We present a case of ...
Akagi T - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To assess the current status of catheter intervention in Kawasaki disease and to evaluate its efficacy and outcome. STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire was sent to 55 major institutions in Japan. RESULTS: A total of 58 procedures in 57 patients were reported. The median age at the time of intervention ...
Hojo Y - - 2000
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in cytokine expression in the coronary circulation induced by percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). METHODS: The study involved 32 patients with ischaemic heart disease who underwent elective PTCA for isolated stenotic lesions of the left coronary artery. Ten patients had plain old balloon angioplasty, 10 had ...
Steinmetz E - - 2000
Because a popliteal artery aneurysm (PAA) generates emboli that progressively deteriorate the distal arterial network, they can constitute limb-threatening lesions. In 20 to 40% of cases, discovery of PAA coincides with sudden occlusion and resulting acute ischemia. In 40 to 60% of these patients, surgical revascularization fails and amputation is ...
Sreeram N - - 2000
RATIONALE: To assess the effect of thermal balloon angioplasty on surgically created peripheral arterial stenoses. METHODS: Unilateral femoral arterial stenoses were created in 17 neonatal lambs (Dorset X Suffolk/Mule), using absorbable sutures. Six to 8 weeks later, the stenoses were dilated using either a standard (N=5), or thermal balloon angioplasty ...
Suzuki H - - 2000
Increases in the levels of plasma endothelins (ETs) have been reported after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). To examine the mechanism of this increase, we measured plasma endothelin-1 (ET-1) and thrombomodulin (TM) levels in both the Valsalva sinus (VAL) and the great cardiac vein (GCV) together with oxygen saturation of ...
Crawley F - - 2000
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is currently being assessed for the treatment of carotid stenosis. In comparison with carotid endarterectomy (CEA), there is evidence of an increased risk of cerebral microembolism during the procedure. We have sought evidence of any neuropsychological sequelae of carotid PTA and compared it ...
Cantor A A - - 2000
The purpose of this study is to measure QRS duration changes in the human model of ischemia during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and compare these results to the commonly used ischemia markers, chest pain, and classical ST-T changes. Using a computerized method, QRS duration was measured in 51 patients ...
Kanamasa K - - 2000
Vascular injury resulting from percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) and subsequent thrombus formation are important factors in the pathogenesis of coronary arterial restenosis. The present study was undertaken to determine whether infusions of tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), beginning immediately after PTCA, would decrease the renarrowing of the coronary arterial lumen. ...
Senechal Q - - 2000
We report a case of a woman presenting with right severe buttock claudication and normal neurological and osteoarticular examination, in whom a guidewire recanalization and percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of an occluded right superior gluteal artery (SGA) has provided relief of her symptoms. To our knowledge, this is the first ...
Hirami R - - 2000
PURPOSE: To examine changes in the reference segment luminal diameter after coronary angioplasty. METHODS: Sixty-one patients with stable angina pectoris or old myocardial infarction were examined. Coronary angiograms were recorded before coronary angioplasty (pre-angioplasty) and immediately after (post-angioplasty), as well as 3 months after. Artery diameters were measured on cine-film ...
Sankari A - - 2000
Infectious complications occurring after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty are uncommon. We are reporting a case of bacterial pericarditis developing 1 week after coronary angioplasty and stent implantation. Treatment with appropriate antibiotics and drainage of the infected pericardial effusion was followed by a protracted hospital course and eventual control of infection ...
Shioi K - - 2000
A 56-year-old man presented with late cardiac tamponade appearing on 9 postoperative day after weaning from percutaneous cardiopulmonary support. He had been referred to our hospital for congestive heart failure. He underwent aortic valve replacement and fell into postcardiotomy low output syndrome. He could not be weaned from extracorporeal circulation, ...
Coggia M - - 2000
Embolic events during carotid angioplasty are a challenging problem. This experimental study was undertaken to determine the embolic risk after each stage of carotid angioplasty procedure. Five ex vivo carotid artery balloon angioplasties were performed on fresh carotid specimens. The carotid specimens were obtained from five patients who underwent an ...
Paganelli F - - 2000
BACKGROUND: Even minimal amounts of adenosine is released during myocardial ischemia. Its role in coronary blood flow has been extensively studied, but little is known about its behaviour during percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTCA) in man. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using in situ samples the aim of this study was to evaluate ...
Banerjee S - - 2000
In the routine reporting of coronary angiograms, there are no contemporary estimates of the magnitude and consequences of interobserver variability. We therefore measured the agreement beyond chance between (1) the number of narrowed arteries on an angiographic report extracted from case notes and independent assessments by 2 cardiologists, and (2) ...
Moscucci M - - 2000
Despite the advancements in the pharmacological and mechanical treatment of acute coronary syndromes, intracoronary thrombus and distal embolization remain among the major limitations of percutaneous transluminal coronary interventions. We describe three cases in which intragraft or intracoronary thrombus was completely aspirated during PTCI using the guiding catheter. In the first ...
Mendelsohn A M - - 2000
We present a case of arterial thrombosis of the upper extremity in a 1-day-old neonate. The initial response to thrombolytic and anticoagulant therapy alone was unsuccessful. Distal flow to the extremity was reestablished by combined percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of the subclavian artery using transumbilical access followed by resumption of the ...
Somauroo J D - - 2000
Anomalous coronary arteries are rare and single coronary arteries are very rare congenital abnormalities. Significant stenoses within these arteries have been described, but interventional procedures on such anomalies are very infrequently performed. We describe a patient with angina pectoris and a single left coronary artery with multiple lesions treated with ...
Crawley F - - 2000
Carotid percutaneous transluminal angioplasty may be a useful non-surgical procedure for carotid stenosis, particularly for lesions not suitable for surgery. The objective of this review was to assess the effect of carotid percutaneous transluminal angioplasty compared with carotid endarterectomy (in patients suitable for surgery) or medical therapy (in patients not ...
Crawley F - - 2000
Surgery to the vertebrobasilar region is difficult and not considered in most centres. Furthermore, the basilar artery, with its penetrating branches supplying the brain stem, is likely to be extremely hazardous to dilate. The objective of this review was to assess the effect of vertebral artery percutaneous transluminal angioplasty combined ...
Ansel GM - - 1999
The nonsurgical treatment of occlusive iliac arterial disease is undergoing continued improvement. No longer is conservative management the primary alternative for patients with symptomatic but noncritical limb ischemia. The low morbidity, the option for repeating the procedures, as well as good long-term results, makes these techniques a first- line treatment ...
Roth S M - - 1999
Duplex scan surveillance after lower extremity bypass and endovascular interventions can have a favorable impact on outcome. Its application during an arterial intervention to exclude technical or hemodynamic abnormalities and as part of a postoperative surveillance program to detect stenosis has been shown to improve patency. Results of duplex imaging ...
Hyodo A - - 1999
Summary: Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) was carried out 52 times for 49 lesions in 47 cases of atheroscrelotic stenosis of the intracranial or skull base cerebral arteries. The stenotic lesions involved the middle cerebral artery in 21 cases, the basilar artery in eight cases, the internal carotid artery (petrous-supraclinoid portion) ...
Peuster M - - 1999
Nine patients with arterial thrombosis were treated with transcatheter recanalization and subsequent balloon dilation of the occluded vessel. Repeat angiography or duplex sonography 3 to 14 months after intervention showed completely patent arteries without restenosis in 7 patients; there was residual narrowing of the vessel in the remaining 2 patients.
Grellner W - - 1999
Coronary embolisation is a very rare complication of the clinically widespread method of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). The well-documented case of a 64-year-old male patient is presented comparing angiographic and morphological findings. The occluded left anterior descending artery (LAD) was successfully dilated during PTCA. Simultaneously the circumflex artery showed ...
Sangiorgi G - - 1999
BACKGROUND: We studied the histomorphometric correlates of long-term successful coronary balloon angioplasty (percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty [PTCA]). Restenosis after PTCA may occur secondary to the failure of compensatory arterial enlargement or post-PTCA arterial constriction. The histopathology of this process in human subjects remains poorly defined. METHODS: Forty-two coronary segments from ...
Verberne H J - - 1999
OBJECTIVE: To determine the relation between the relative and absolute coronary blood flow velocity reserve (CFVR) compared with the results of (99m)Tc MIBI single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). METHODS: In 37 patients with one vessel disease, (99m)Tc MIBI SPECT was performed before angioplasty, two to three weeks after angioplasty, ...
Thomas P W - - 1999
We describe the management of a 65-yr-old woman anaesthetized for thoracotomy. The patient suffered a pulmonary haemorrhage after percutaneous paravertebral injection performed using the loss of resistance to saline technique. Thoracotomy at a later date revealed that the lung tissue had become adherent to the chest wall and that the ...
Kalef-Ezra J - - 1999
PURPOSE: To study the effect of external beam irradiation on the morphometry of both angioplasted and nonangioplasted arteries in a hypercholesterolemic rabbit model. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Four groups of rabbit femoral arteries were studied: arteries (a) with no intervention, (b) irradiated with a 12-Gy x-ray dose, (c) treated with balloon ...
Teitelbaum B A - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for the treatment of coronary artery disease has increased in frequency as technological advances have made the procedure more effective and cost-efficient. In spite of the number of procedures that have been performed, ocular complications have rarely been reported. CASE REPORT: A case of ...
Chaloupka J C - - 1999
OBJECTIVE AND IMPORTANCE: Although conventional superselective chemical thrombolysis is frequently successful for the treatment of severe acute dural sinus thrombosis, the technique has limitations and risks. This prompted us to develop a supplemental technique for achieving more rapid recanalization, using coronary microballoon percutaneous transluminal angioplasty catheters. We describe a successful ...
Suggs W D - - 1999
BACKGROUND: Intra-arterial thrombolytic therapy is currently a therapeutic option for the treatment of acute limb ischemia. A recent large prospective randomized trial (TOPAS) comparing lytic therapy and operative intervention showed that both forms of treatment had similar results in terms of amputation-free survival. However, the exact role for lytic treatment ...
Vavuranakis M - - 1999
Thrombotic occlusion of an ectatic coronary artery may not respond to thrombolytic therapy or balloon angioplasty, since the infarct-related vessel contains a significant amount of thrombus. A patient with acute myocardial infarction of an ectatic right coronary artery that was occluded by a heavy clot burden is described. The patient ...
Verhelst H - - 1999
A 47-year-old female with fibromuscular dysplasia of both external iliac arteries was treated by percutaneous balloon catheter angioplasty. The immediate result was unsatisfactory. On discharge from hospital, the patient was only able to walk one kilometer, and had reduced ankle:arm blood pressure indices. Conservative treatment with anticoagulants for three months, ...
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