Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 1463
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Wakasa Satoru - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aortic arch repair for interrupted aortic arch (IAA) with the hypoplastic ascending aorta through a median sternotomy requires cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), which is very invasive in neonates and complicates pulmonary artery banding (PAB) is staged repair. METHODS: A 22-day-old neonate with a type B IAA having a functional ...
Bachet Jean - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Giant false or pseudoaneurysm of the aorta is a rare but dreadful complication occurring several months or years after cardiac or aortic surgery. We describe a surgical approach that allowed safe reentry in the chest in five patients, with a mean follow-up of almost seven years. METHODS: From December ...
Iida Hiroshi - - 2007
We report a surgical case of mycotic aneurysm of the aortic arch, the possible cause, and the growth of which were retrospectively determined. A 61-year-old man with diabetes mellitus, free of aneurysm had bacteremia develop that was caused by Staphylococcus aureus. A computed tomographic scan was taken 110 days afterward ...
Bautista-Hernandez Victor - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: Neoaortic arch obstruction after stage I palliation is an important risk factor affecting interstage mortality in patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome, with no accepted standard surgical approach. We sought to determine the efficacy of different techniques for aortic arch reconstruction to reduce the incidence of postoperative neoaortic arch ...
Ahn Kyung-Sik - - 2007
We present a rare case of right circumflex retro-oesophageal aortic arch with coarctation of a high-positioned right arch. A 7-month-old boy presented with a cardiac murmur. Cardiac situs was normal and there was no evidence of an intracardiac shunt or patent ductus arteriosus. MR aortography revealed a right aortic arch ...
Molisse Theresa A - - 2007
Patients with severe aortic atherosclerosis are at high risk for stroke and other embolic complications. Therapy to prevent emboli from aortic plaque is not yet established. Therefore, patients with atherosclerosis or risk factors for embolic disease should be identified and treated aggressively. Aspirin, smoking cessation, and control of blood pressure ...
Shingu Yasushige - - 2007
A right aortic arch is an anatomic variant only occurring in approximately 0.1% of the population. A mirror-image right artic arch without congenital cardiac anomaly is fairly uncommon. We report on a rare case of dysphagia due to isolated aortic diverticulum in a mirror-image right aortic arch. A 72-year-old man ...
Martin D - - 2007
Interrupted aortic arch is a rare congenital malformation, which is defined as a loss of luminal continuity between the ascending and descending aorta. Usually, there is a considerable distance between the ascending and descending parts of the aorta. According to the classification system of Celoria and Patton, three subtypes have ...
Rodefeld Mark D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: A variety of definitive operations have been used to manage patients with double-outlet right ventricle and subpulmonary ventricular septal defect (Taussig-Bing anomaly). This study identifies the impact of the position of the great arteries and use of a staged surgical approach on the outcome after the arterial switch operation ...
Leo F - - 2007
In mediastinal dissection through a right thoracotomy, the definition of station 2 is arbitrary because no anatomical landmark indicates the line drawn tangentially to the upper margin of the aortic arch. We have developed a technique to localize it by evaluating the distance between the upper aortic arch and the ...
Kirsch Jacobo - - 2007
Persistence of a fifth aortic arch with an ipsilateral fourth arch manifested as a double-lumen aortic arch (DLAA) is a rare congenital anomaly. We present one of the first cases diagnosed by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in a 7-year-old girl referred for treatment of subaortic membrane and aortic regurgitation.
Kolesová Hana - - 2007
In order to gain insights into how the aortic arches changed during the transition of vertebrates to land, transformations of the aortic arches during the metamorphosis of Pelobates fuscus were investigated and compared with data from the early development of a recent ganoid fish Amia calva and a primitive caudate ...
Kumar Sanjay - - 2008
An aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) arising from a left-sided aortic arch (LAA) is an uncommon aortic arch anomaly. Aneurysms of ARSA arising from different degrees of Kommerell's diverticulum may modify surgical approach. We describe a safe technique for the surgical management of ARSA aneurysm in a 67-year-old gentleman. We ...
Lee Pyng - - 2007
A 67-year-old female chronic smoker was evaluated for an asymptomatic right paratracheal mass and the diagnosis of double-arch aorta was made. She returned 2 years later with dyspnoea on exertion, productive cough and wheeze on lying supine. Flow volume curve showed variable intrathoracic airway obstruction, and bronchoscopy revealed extrinsic compression ...
Szeto Wilson Y - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Repair of aortic arch aneurysm is technically demanding, requiring complex circulatory management. Very large atherosclerotic saccular aneurysms of the arch are grave markers of extensive arch and brachiocephalic atheromatous disease and represent high surgical risks for perioperative neurologic complications. Operative morbidity and mortality may be prohibitive with traditional surgical ...
Kogon Brian E - - 2007
The use of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is becoming increasingly common in the treatment of congenital heart defects, particularly for the division of vascular rings. We compare the short-term outcomes of vascular ring division by VATS as opposed to open thoracotomy and discuss new issues raised by VATS division of ...
Saleh H M - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Conventional surgical repair of the aortic arch using cardiopulmonary bypass and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest still carries a substantial rate of mortality and morbidity especially myocardial injury, and predicts a high incidence of permanent neurological injury. Endovascular stent-graft placement has been developed as an effective treatment modality in various ...
Gulbins Helmut - - 2007
There is a trend towards cannulation of the axillary artery for extracorporeal circulation in patients requiring aortic arch surgery. We analyzed the published data comparing axillary and femoral cannulation for safety and outcome. End points were death; stroke, neurologic, and vascular complications; and malperfusion. Femoral cannulation is safe for extracorporeal ...
Grillo Hermes C - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Four patients with severe tracheal obstruction due to right aortic arch, aberrant left subclavian artery, diverticulum of Kommerell, ligamentum or ductus arteriosum, and, additionally, right descending aorta, mild pectus excavatum, and high aortic arch apex, with narrow space between the ascending and descending aortic limbs, underwent division of ligamentum, ...
Bernheimer Jonathan - - 2007
We describe echocardiography and computerized tomographic imaging findings in the two subtypes of fifth aortic arch in infants. In the first form, the fifth aortic arch creates a systemic to systemic connection extending from the ascending to the descending aorta. When this form appears in isolation, it does not cause ...
Ferreira Marcelo - - 2007
Of all of the aortic segments, the aortic arch is the last frontier for endovascular treatment. The main difficulty for arch repair is the lack of an appropriate proximal landing zone of at least 2 to 3 cm required for endograft sealing and anchoring to diminish the risk of endoleaks ...
Antona Carlo - - 2007
PURPOSE: Endovascular repairs of the aortic arch aneurysms require correct placement and an appropriate landing zone for fixation, which are not present in the majority of cases. DESCRIPTION: We report a less invasive approach in 4 patients presenting an aortic arch aneurysm. We performed a hybrid procedure that is a ...
Coppola Roberto - - 2007
Conventional surgical treatment of a ruptured aortic arch aneurysm is a challenging approach with a high rate of adverse outcomes. The midsternotomy can be complicated by total aortic disruption with often fatal massive hemorrhage. A preliminary cardiopulmonary bypass with peripheral cannulation and cooling is often preferred. Endovascular stents have been ...
Asano Mitsuru - - 2007
Total arch replacement (TAR) for aneurysm of the aortic arch through the midsternotomy has several advantages over left thoracotomy. The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that might have an effect on the distal anastomosis through midsternotomy. From October 1999 to August 2005, 125 patients underwent TAR ...
Muhs Bart E - - 2007
The potentially devastating complication of total or near total thoracic endoprosthesis collapse has been described with the TAG device (W. L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, Ariz). This rare complication has resulted in a warning to clinicians and speculation about the etiology of this problem. This report evaluates potential causative anatomic ...
Ou Phalla - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to investigate the influence of aortic arch geometry on vascular remodeling after anatomically successful repair of coarctation of the aorta (CoA). BACKGROUND: Abnormalities of the precoarctation vasculature are known to occur after CoA repair and appear related to adverse outcomes. The influence of aortic arch ...
Kouchoukos Nicholas T - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Staged procedures for extensive aneurysmal disease of the thoracic aorta are associated with a substantial cumulative mortality for the two procedures and death in the interval between, often from aortic rupture. We have used a one-stage approach for operative repair of most, or all, of the thoracic aorta. METHODS: ...
Kiokawa Keiko - - 2007
Right-sided aortic arch accompanied by an aberrant origin of the left subclavian artery is rare and seen in 0.05% approximately 0.1% of the population. A 73-year-old woman with this anomaly was admitted to our institution because of the enlargement of the distal aortic arch aneurysm. She also had mild dysphagia. ...
Sorokin Vitaly Aleksandrovich - - 2007
A 62-year-old man with an acute Stanford type A dissection underwent successful emergent replacement of the ascending aorta. The patient was readmitted with a left pleural effusion and complex dissection in the arch and descending thoracic aorta. A hybrid surgical procedure was performed involving complete arch transposition, followed by arch ...
Kazui Teruhisa - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The present study was conducted to report our clinical experience with aortic arch replacement using selective cerebral perfusion (SCP) and determine the independent predictors of in-hospital mortality and neurologic outcome. METHODS: We studied 472 consecutive patients who underwent aortic arch replacement using SCP between January 1986 and February 2006. ...
Spielvogel David - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to review the results of aortic arch replacement using a trifurcated arch graft in conjunction with hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) and selective antegrade cerebral perfusion (SCP). METHODS: One hundred fifty consecutive patients (91 male; mean age, 63 +/- 14 years; range, 20 to ...
Czerny Martin M Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Vienna Medical School, Vienna, Austria. - - 2007
To evaluate mid-term results of supraaortic transpositions for extended endovascular repair of aortic arch pathologies. From October 2002 to July 2006, 27 patients (mean age 72 years) with aortic arch diseases were treated (arch aneurysms n=18, type B dissections n=5, perforating ulcers n=4). Strategy for distal arch disease was autologous ...
Mestres Carlos-A - - 2007
A young male patient underwent supracoronary replacement of the ascending aorta for acute type A dissection under hypothermic circulatory arrest. After discharge, he was readmitted two weeks later due to severe aortic regurgitation and acute arch redissection. Under a second period of hypothermic circulatory arrest three weeks after the initial ...
Schaefer Benjamin M - - 2007
Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) affects about 0.5% to 2% of the population and predisposes patients to aortic dilation and dissection. We hypothesized that aortic size and elastic properties are related to BAV phenotype. In a retrospective study of 158 consecutive patients with BAV referred for echocardiography, the phenotype was defined ...
Zhong Yumin - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Cine angiography and echocardiography have been utilized to diagnose congenital aortic arch anomalies. However, the visualization of great vessels by echocardiography is limited, while cine angiography requires cardiac catheterization with ionizing radiation. Contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) is a noninvasive modality suitable for visualization of congenital aortic arch anomalies. ...
Sensoz Yavuz - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the cause of aortic arch calcification and to evaluate its prognostic value as an indicator of cardiovascular disease and its severity. METHODS AND RESULTS: The study was conducted prospectively among 1027 patients who underwent a coronary angiography in our hospital between ...
Lacour-Gayet François - - 2007
The arterial switch operation for transposition of the great arteries or double outlet right ventricle with ventricular septal defect (VSD) and aortic arch obstruction is a challenging procedure. One-stage neonatal repair is preferred; however, palliation may be indicated in the newborn who presents with Swiss cheese septum or the patient ...
Matsumoto Mitsuaki - - 2007
We operated on a 77-year-old woman with extensive thoracic aortic aneurysm by staged repair using the reversed elephant trunk technique. First, we performed descending aortic replacement with a 28-mm straight Dacron graft through a left lateral thoracotomy. Considering the high possibility of a proximal operation in the near future, the ...
Hsieh Yu-Cheng - - 2007
Interruption of the aortic arch is a rare and usually lethal congenital anomaly that is often associated with multiple cardiac malformations. Most neonates with aortic arch interruption perish once the ductus arteriosus closes after birth. However, sporadic cases have been reported to survive into adulthood uneventfully. Here, we report a ...
Ayoub Omar M - - 2007
Percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is not a new technique. However, it was not until Ciaglia introduced a simple technique using a needle, catheter, and guidewire that it became a possible alternative to open surgical tracheotomy. PDT is not performed blindly but with the assistance of fiberoptic endoscopy. However, even with ...
Ugurlucan Murat - - 2007
Although truncus arteriosus is often treated with low mortality and morbidity rates, truncal valve patency and aortic arch and coronary artery anomalies are factors that can contribute to a worse outcome. In this report, we present our experience with the combination of Rastelli and Norwood procedures for the treatment of ...
Tsujimura R - - 2007
During our dissection of a Japanese elderly female cadaver, a double aortic arch with a deformed trachea was found in the cadaver. The ascending aorta was bifurcated to form the left (anterior) and right (posterior) aortic arches. Encircling and compressing the trachea and esophagus, they confluenced into the descending aorta. ...
Bardakci Hasmet - - 2007
Aortic arch aneurysm, pseudocoarctation, and coronary artery stenosis are extremely rare in Behçet's syndrome. We present the case of a 25-year-old man with Behçet's syndrome who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting for severe stenosis in the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery and concomitant surgical correction of a saccular aneurysm ...
Nappi Gianantonio - - 2007
We propose a new cannulation and perfusion technique for aortic arch surgery, in order to achieve continuous antegrade total-body perfusion under moderate hypothermia. The heart and the aortic arch are exposed through a median sternotomy. Cardiopulmonary bypass is established from the right atrium to the right axillary artery. At 26 ...
Brueck Martin - - 2006
OBJECTIVES: Conventional surgical treatment of complex aortic pathologies involving several thoracoabdominal aortic segments necessitates extended incisions or subsequent surgeries, resulting in significant mortality and morbidity rates. The combination of surgery and simultaneous stenting in the operating theater may reduce the surgical trauma. METHODS: A total of nine patients (62 +/- ...
Feldtman Robert W - - 2006
Atypical aortic arch anatomy, vessel tortuosity, and extensive atherosclerotic disease in the aortic arch and great vessels represent significant risks for embolization during angioplasty and stenting of carotid occlusive lesions. The technique of cervical access to the proximal common carotid artery is demonstrated as a safer means for dealing with ...
Morishige Noritsugu - - 2006
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the axillary artery or ascending aorta cannulation combined with the arch first method decreases the risk of stroke during total arch replacement. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From January 2002 to January 2006, 35 total arch replacements were performed with the arch first method and central arterial cannulation. ...
Ji Bingyang - - 2006
We reviewed the perfusion experiences of 60 cases with a modified technique of selected cerebral perfusion (SCP) under deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) during ascending aorta and total aortic arch replacement combined with transaortic stented graft implantation into the descending aorta for acute and chronic type A aortic dissection. Right ...
St Louis James D - - 2006
A 2.6 kg female with the diagnosis of type "B" interruption of the "right" aortic arch and mitral atresia underwent stage I palliation with translocation and anastomosis of the distal right carotid artery to the descending aorta. The distal main pulmonary artery was anastomosed to the under surface of the ...
Maruyama Yuji - - 2006
We successfully repaired a rupture of a normal-sized, non-dissected distal aortic arch in a patient with Marfan syndrome. Six years previously she had undergone repair of the thoraco-abdominal aortic aneurysm with a 24-mm knitted Dacron graft for type B chronic aortic dissection. The rupture site was located at the back ...
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