Search Results
Results 301 - 350 of 1462
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Kadohama Takayuki - - 2008
We herein present an extremely rare case of a perforation of the ascending aorta with a hematoma extending into the left-side upper extrapleural cavity. A 62-year-old male with a sudden onset of severe chest pain was referred to our institution because of an abnormal shadow in the left-side upper lung ...
Faggioli Gianluca - - 2007
Proximal and distal carotid tortuosity is considered of paramount importance in carotid artery stenting (CAS) procedures. Specifically, distal internal carotid coiling or kinking is thought to interfere with proper distal protection devices, thus contraindicating CAS. The type of the aortic arch is also considered a key factor in CAS success; ...
Gorlitzer Michael - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the application of a new combined surgical and endovascular technique for the treatment of thoracic aortic aneurysms and dissections. The technique is used to treat extensive aortic disease by a single-stage procedure. Surgical outcomes and follow-up data are summarized and analyzed. METHODS: Between August 2005 and December ...
Hedayati Nasim - - 2007
Orificial occlusive lesion involving the aortic arch vessels is commonly treated with balloon-expandable stent placement. Stenting of such a lesion typically involves an initial aortogram to precisely identify the vessel origin, followed by deployment of a balloon-expandable stent to cover the ostial lesion. We report a simple technique of an ...
Serag A R - - 2007
The proper identification of the proximal landing zone prior to aortic stentgraft deployment is a key step that impacts the global outcome of the procedure. We report an intraoperative technique during total aortic arch transposition that facilitates subsequent endovascular arch exclusion thanks to a reliable radio-opaque marker. In patients who ...
Corno Antonio F - - 2007
To reduce the neurological complications of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest, continuous cerebral perfusion was introduced, either by direct innominate artery cannulation or by a tubular prosthesis. This second option, used in our clinical experience, has been extended to applications other than aortic arch reconstruction, to facilitate cardiopulmonary bypass in small ...
Sulaiman Abdulrazzaq - - 2008
PURPOSE: It is essential to evaluate new stent designs before in vivo testing. The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a controlled and reproducible patient-derived process to produce a life-size in vitro model of aortic arch aneurysm for endovascular procedure simulation. METHODS: A three-dimensional magnetic resonance angiography ...
Lee Edward Y - - 2008
BACKGROUND: Mediastinal aortic vascular anomalies are relatively common causes of extrinsic central airway narrowing in infants with respiratory symptoms. Surgical correction of mediastinal aortic vascular anomalies alone might not adequately treat airway symptoms if extrinsic narrowing is accompanied by intrinsic tracheomalacia (TM), a condition that escapes detection on routine end-inspiratory ...
Ozdemir V - - 2008
A total of 10 adult, healthy, male chinchilla (Chinchilla lanigera) were used to investigate the vessels originating from aortic arch. Coloured latex was injected into the carotid arteries following conventional anatomical applications in all the chinchillas examined. The brachiocephalic trunk and the left subclavian artery arose from the aortic arch ...
Yashiro Kenta - - 2007
Laterality of the internal organs of vertebrates is determined by asymmetric Nodal signalling in the lateral plate mesoderm. A deficiency of such signalling results in heterotaxia syndrome, characterized by anomalous laterality of visceral organs and complex congenital heart conditions. Pitx2, the transcription factor induced by the Nodal signal, regulates left-right ...
Gates Richard N - - 2007
The Norwood procedure is commonly performed using either circulatory arrest or deep hypothermia with low-flow cardiopulmonary bypass. We describe our technique for the Norwood procedure using selective cerebral perfusion with corporeal normothermia (> 32 degrees C). A right radial artery catheter was placed and cerebral NIRS applied. A C-clamp was ...
Santo Kirkpatrick C - - 2007
Endovascular repair of thoracic aneurysms has emerged as an attractive alternative especially in high-risk patients. However, the aortic curvature and potential coverage of the epiaortic vessels limit the use of stent-grafts in aneurysms located in the aortic arch. We report a case with a saccular aneurysm in the distal arch ...
Watanuki Hirotaka - - 2007
BACKGROUND: We assess the outcome of emergency total arch replacement with a modified elephant trunk technique for acute type A aortic dissection to clarify whether our aggressive approach is justified in certain patients. METHODS: Between 2000 and 2006, 54 patients (55.1% of all) underwent emergency total arch replacement for acute ...
Taniguchi Kazuhiro - - 2007
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe our current technique for aortic arch replacement using a four-branched arch graft and a long elephant trunk. DESCRIPTION: Using our method, the ascending aorta is replaced with a four-branched Hemashield arch graft (Hemashield Platinum, Woven Double Velour [Boston Scientific Corp, Wayne, ...
Inafuku Hitoshi - - 2007
We report the case of 78-year-old-man who required graft replacement of an aortic arch aneurysm. He previously had undergone off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting with the right internal thoracic artery bypassed to the left anterior descending artery. For this difficult case, we successfully performed total arch replacement using selective antegrade ...
Radermecker M A - - 2007
The distal extension of ascending aorta pathology often requires prosthetic grafting into the proximal arch. In order to perform optimal distal anastomosis, an open technique under a short period of circulatory arrest (CA) was adopted. For this purpose we evaluated prospectively a simplified technique for surgery and perfusion. The aneurysmal ...
Calcagni Giulio - - 2008
A left aberrant innominate (brachiocephalic) artery is an angiographically well-known entity that may cause tracheal compression. We report a male newborn who was admitted for further investigation of a prenatally suspected major vessel anomaly. High-resolution CT was used to completely assess the abnormal anatomy and the relationship with the airway, ...
Marin Carlos - - 2008
We report the MRI findings in a 3-week-old boy with D-transposition of the great arteries and an abnormal origin of the right subclavian artery from the pulmonary artery. This anomaly of the subclavian arteries is called isolation. It is infrequent in patients with a right aortic arch, but exceedingly rare ...
Guo Wei - - 2007
A 40-year-old man with Stanford type B dissection underwent his first endovascular repair (EVAR) in April 2004 by Talent thoracic stent graft. He had an uncomplicated recovery and maintained good blood pressure control. However, a new retrograde dissection appeared in September 2004. The new dissection involved his aortic arch and ...
Da Col Uberto - - 2007
The surgical treatment of ascending aortic and arch aneurysms, even though technically complex and requiring care to avoid neurological sequelae, is well established. Nevertheless, the presence of a significant innominate artery trunk aneurysm implies an adaptation of the surgical options available. We report a case of an aortic aneurysm that ...
Sarikcioglu Levent - - 2007
The tapetum is described by Johann Christian Rell (1759-1813). It is formed primarily by decussating fibers in the splenium of the corpus callosum that arch over the atrium of the lateral ventricle and course inferiorly in the lateral wall of the posterior, and somewhat into the temporal horns, of the ...
Dagenais François - - 2007
During the past decade, significant advances in thoracic surgery have contributed to a decrease in the morbidity and mortality linked to surgery of the thoracic aorta. Drawing from the experiences at the Quebec Heart Institute, the present article focuses on the improvements in surgery of the aortic arch, mainly the ...
Higashikuni Yasutomi - - 2008
A right aortic arch is a rare congenital anomaly. This condition is occasionally found with atherosclerotic changes of the anomalous vessels, dissection, or aneurysmal dilatation in adulthood by emergence of symptoms or incidentally by radiographic studies for an evaluation of other diseases. This condition is clinically relevant because of the ...
Kwak Jae Gun - - 2007
OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to demonstrate that unilateral brain regional perfusion during congenital aortic arch anomaly surgery is neurologically safe. METHODS: Fifteen patients who were diagnosed with congenital aortic arch anomaly between June 2004 and May 2006 were enrolled in this study. The mean age and body weight of ...
Kpodonu Jacques - - 2007
Repair of thoracic arch aneurysms in the octogenarian is associated with a high morbidity and mortality. In this report we describe a minimally invasive approach to repair and arch aneurysm using an endoluminal graft with an extrathoracic, extra anatomic de-branching of the arch vessels. The advantage of this technique includes ...
Tsai I-Chen - - 2007
BACKGROUND: There is little published evidence regarding the patterns and prevalence of vertebral artery (VA) and common carotid artery (CCA) anomalies in patients with an aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSCA). OBJECTIVE: To study the patterns and prevalence of VA and CCA anomalies in patients with ARSCA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In ...
Ahluwalia Gurpal S - - 2007
We report the case of a 12-year-old boy with a hypoplastic retroesophageal circumflex right-sided cervical aortic arch and coarctation. After the incidental finding of a heart murmur when the boy was 9 years old, cardiac magnetic resonance showed a right-sided cervical aortic arch, hypoplastic transverse arch, and separate origin of ...
Matsui Hikoro - - 2007
Obstructive lesions in the aortic arch are comprised of discrete coarctation, tubular hypoplasia and interruption. This review discusses the anatomy of the lesions relevant to interventional treatment. Catheter intervention, using not only balloon angioplasty but also stent implantation for coarctation, has been developed over the past couple of decades as ...
Kogon B - - 2008
A unique combination of pulmonary agenesis and anatomic left aortic arch with aberrant right subclavian artery was identified in two patients. Because of the right pulmonary agenesis, there is rotation of mediastinal contents, especially the aortic arch, into the right chest, converting an incomplete vascular ring to a near-complete vascular ...
Taniguchi Kazuhiro - - 2007
We present herein a simple and uniform repair technique for combined aortic arch and root aneurysms. Our method is performed under an open distal procedure and includes selective antegrade cerebral perfusion, adequate myocardial preservation, a four-branched composite valve graft, and a long elephant trunk anastomosis proximal to the innominate artery. ...
Shudo Yasuhiro - - 2007
A 68-year-old man presenting with abdominal distention was found on enhanced computed tomography to have a dilated ascending aorta and aortic dissection (DeBakey IIIb). Through a median sternotomy, we performed a total arch replacement using a four-branched Hemashield graft (Meadox Medical, Oakland, NJ) and a long elephant trunk anastomosis at ...
Barbee Jacob P - - 2007
Cervical aortic arch (CAA) is a rare congenital anomaly of the aortic arch. Rarely, CAA is associated with aneurysm of the arch and great vessels. A 32-year-old male patient, previously in good health, presented with 2 weeks of severe chest pain. Radiographic evaluation revealed a CAA with aneurysmal dilation of ...
Sim Ming-Ming - - 2007
Interrupted aortic arch is the complete loss of luminal continuity between the ascending aorta and the descending aorta and accounts for 1% of all congenital heart disease. Of the affected patients, 75% die within the first month of life and about 90% within the first year if not surgically treated. ...
Chiu Kuan-Ming - - 2007
When disease involving the ascending aorta or aortic arch precludes ascending aortic cannulation, axillary artery cannulation is used for cardiopulmonary bypass. An additional incision and the relatively small caliber of the axillary artery are the drawbacks of this approach. Innominate artery cannulation using the same sternotomy wound is a simple ...
Robinson Barbara L - - 2007
Anomalies of the right aortic arch are rare. Right aortic arch with remnants of various components of the left aortic arch and ductus can create a vascular ring resulting in obstruction of the aerodigestive tracts. This case report describes the rare form of retroesophageal left innominate artery with ligamentum between ...
Chiesa Roberto - - 2007
We performed a one-stage hybrid surgical and endovascular procedure to manage a 6.5-cm right aortic arch aneurysm associated with anomalous origin of the supra-aortic vessels in a 70-year-old man. Complete surgical rerouting of the supra-aortic vessels was followed by the endovascular repair of the right aortic arch aneurysm with a ...
Valerio Nicolas - - 2007
A 75-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of sudden thoracic pain. A saccular aneurysm of the aortic arch extending on the anterior surface of the aortic arch was found on computed tomographic arteriography. The patient was hemodynamically stable and he was programmed for a staged surgical and endovascular ...
Toda Koichi - - 2007
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to investigate the medium-term results of arch aneurysms repaired by total arch replacement with a long elephant trunk and to evaluate whether this technique requires a subsequent distal anastomosis at the descending aorta when complete aneurysmal thrombosis is achieved around a long elephant ...
Nisli Kemal - - 2007
We describe a male infant, seen at the age of 10 days, with a very rare form of vascular ring. The aortic arch was left-sided, but the aorta descended on the right, with a right-sided persistently patent arterial duct associated with interruption of the aortic arch and presence of Abbott's ...
Mazzola Alessandro - - 2007
The axillary artery is the preferred site for arterial cannulation in operations for ascending aorta and aortic arch replacement in order to reduce perfusion-related morbidity in acute dissection and to prevent cerebral embolism in atherosclerotic aneurysm. We present the case of a patient with a chronic dissection presenting as pseudocoarctation ...
Touati Gilles D - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Various techniques have been proposed for cerebral protection during the surgical treatment of complex aortic disease. The authors propose a revisited strategy of normothermic replacement of the aortic arch to avoid limitations and complications of profound hypothermic circulatory arrest. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From April 2000 to May 2006, 19 ...
Yildirim Nesligul - - 2008
Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is a rare and usually lethal congenital malformation. Patients with complete IAA very rarely do reach adult age without previous surgical intervention. The present report describes a 26-year-old asymptomatic isolated IAA case with hypertension that was incidentally diagnosed. IAA just distal to the left subclavian artery ...
Di Eusanio Marco - - 2007
BACKGROUND: Alternative cannulation sites such as the right/left axillary artery, the ascending aorta and aortic arch have been recently preferred to the femoral artery to improve neurologic outcome in patients undergoing surgery of the thoracic aorta. In 2004, we started to select the innominate artery as an arterial cannulation site ...
Ashrafian Hutan - - 2007
Isolation of the left subclavian artery is a rare aortic arch anomaly in which the artery originates from the pulmonary artery through a ductus arteriosus rather than the aorta. In neonates it is usually diagnosed incidentally with other aortic or cardiac anomalies and can be associated with chromosomal deletions. We ...
Moon M C - - 2007
Aneurysms involving the ascending aorta and arch have been historically treated with open surgical techniques requiring cardiopulmonary bypass and, in cases involving the aortic arch, utilizing deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. The reported rates of mortality range from 0% to 16.5% for surgery addressing ascending aorta and arch pathology, and stroke ...
Eng J B - - 2007
A 58 year-old man presented with a large aneurysm of the aortic arch and severe coronary artery disease. He underwent combined repair of the aortic arch aneurysm and coronary artery bypass grafting via a modified clamshell incision using deep hypothermic circulatory arrest and retrograde cerebral perfusion. He made an uncomplicated ...
Kpodonu Jacques - - 2007
Open surgical replacement of the ascending and arch aorta is a formidable operation that requires extracorporeal circulation and hypothermic circulatory arrest, and may be associated with increased morbidity and mortality. In recent years, endoluminal graft therapy has been increasingly applied to the treatment of thoracic aortic pathologies with decreased morbidity, ...
Grech Victor - - 2007
Coarctation of the aorta and interrupted aortic arch are not usually associated with stenosis of the innominate, common carotid, or subclavian arteries. We report two patients with stenoses of combinations of these arteries, one in association with coarctation (stented later in life) and the other in association with interrupted arch ...
Atkin G K - - 2007
Anomalies of the aortic root vessels may present in adults and are common incidental findings during standard vascular imaging. Knowledge of their presentation and management is important for surgeons dealing with vascular pathology within these anomalous vessels. A comprehensive literature search was conducted and a review of the current opinion ...
Wakasa Satoru - - 2007
BACKGROUND: The aortic arch repair for interrupted aortic arch (IAA) with the hypoplastic ascending aorta through a median sternotomy requires cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), which is very invasive in neonates and complicates pulmonary artery banding (PAB) is staged repair. METHODS: A 22-day-old neonate with a type B IAA having a functional ...
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