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Fukui Toshihiro - - 2002
We report the rare rupture of a distal aortic arch aneurysm protruding into the pericardial cavity. A 70-year-old woman who suddenly lost consciousness and was transferred to our hospital by ambulance in profound shock was found in emergency computed tomography and echocardiography to have a dilated distal aortic arch and ...
Guo Yi - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relative value of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in exploring the potential embolic source (PES) in heart and aortic arch and to study the clinical significance of aortic arch atherosclerosis (AAA). METHODS: Forty-nine patients with cerebral embolism were included in this study. TEE and ...
Yokoyama Hitoshi - - 2002
Recent surgical strategies and outcomes for the simultaneous operation of aortic arch repair (AAR) and coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) were reviewed. The surgical treatment of aortic arch aneurysm complicated with coronary artery arteriosclerosis has been a challenge. In spite of recent improvements in cerebral protection during AAR such as ...
Shida Dai - - 2002
We report a case of a 64-year-old Japanese man with an anomalous right aortic arch who had left lung cancer. We performed lobectomy and mediastinal lymphadenectomy, paying attention to the pathway of left recurrent laryngeal nerve. The left recurrent laryngeal nerve hooked around from the left dorsal to the right ...
Roussin Régine - - 2002
OBJECTIVE: The optimal technique for aortic arch reconstruction through median sternotomy is still under debate. We have introduced the technique of pulmonary autograft patch aortoplasty as a reliable alternative. METHODS: The outcomes of 51 infants who underwent neonatal repair of interrupted aortic arch (n = 28) or coarctation associated with ...
Best Irwin M - - 2002
Many anomalies of the aortic arch and great vessels are uncovered as serendipitous findings on imaging studies, in the anatomy laboratory, or at surgery. A 56-year-old man had an arch angiogram as part of an evaluation for cerebrovascular disease. A four-vessel left aortic arch was identified consisting of the right ...
Rowe Vincent L - - 2002
Surgical reconstruction for patients with symptomatic lower extremity arterial occlusive disease is successful when a suitable distal target vessel is present. In patients with unreconstructable disease, practical surgical options are at a minimum. We report our initial experience with dorsal venous arch arterialization (DVAA) for limb salvage. Patients with a ...
Schepens Marc A - - 2002
OBJECTIVES: To describe morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing the elephant trunk (ET) implantation as the first stage in the repair of their mega aorta and to assess determinants for the occurrence of complications. METHODS: One hundred consecutive patients undergoing an ET implantation between 1984 and June 2001 were retrospectively ...
Ochi Masami - - 2002
Penetrating atherosclerotic ulcer (PAU) is defined as an atherosclerotic lesion in which an ulceration occurs in the diseased aortic intima leading to disruption of the internal elastic lamina. It may cause a pseudoaneurysm formation or transmural aortic rupture. We describe a patient in whom a ruptured PAU in the distal ...
Bednarkiewicz Marek - - 2002
Surgical repair for aortic arch aneurysms is associated with considerable mortality and morbidity. Adequate brain protection is essential. Experience of aortic arch repair in six patients using a four-branched arch graft is described. There were two emergency and three reoperations. One patient had ruptured aneurysm. Hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (18-22 degrees ...
Morel V - - 2002
Among embryonic aortic vascular malformations, persistence of a right aortic arch and aberrant left subclavian artery associated with a diverticulum of Kommerell is rare, and is estimated to occur in 0.1% of the general population. We report two cases of diverticulum of Kommerell in which tracheal compression due to the ...
Yano Hiromi - - 2002
An endovascular stent graft was successfully deployed to the primary entry site in the proximal descending thoracic aorta after total aortic arch replacement using the "elephant trunk" technique in acute type A aortic dissection. The residual false lumen of the descending aorta was thrombosed completely after stent grafting. The elephant ...
Messner Greg - - 2002
Interrupted aortic arch is a rare congenital malformation of the aortic arch that occurs in 3 per million live births. Defined as a loss of luminal continuity between the ascending and descending portions of the aorta, this anomaly entails a very poor prognosis without surgical treatment. To our knowledge, the ...
Korkola Stephen J - - 2002
The majority of neonatal intracardiac repairs can now be performed with the use of low-flow cardiopulmonary bypass. However, aortic arch reconstruction still requires a period of circulatory arrest. Recently, a number of surgeons have reported techniques of limiting or completely avoiding circulatory arrest during arch reconstruction in an attempt to ...
Fraund Sandra - - 2002
A 16-year-old adolescent presented with systemic hypertension due to a hypoplasia of the aortic arch resulting in a significant stenosis. In childhood, he underwent surgery for aortic coarctation through a left posterolateral thoracotomy. We present the successful repair of the complete aortic arch that could be achieved applying a patch ...
Novitzky Dimitri - - 2002
An approach for the replacement of the distal ascending aorta-proximal arch and acute dissection is described. During the operation, the patient's entire body was continuously perfused, the aortic arch was excluded from the arterial circulation, and the aorta was not clamped at any time. To achieve continuous body perfusion, we ...
Lancaster Gilead - - 2002
Replacement of the aortic arch for atheroma with cerebral embolization is in its infancy. The appropriateness of such intervention is controversial. Over a 10-month period, a 58-year-old woman suffered multiple debilitating cerebral vascular accidents manifested by motor, sensory, and memory deficits and documented by computed tomographic scanning and magnetic resonance ...
Apaydin Anil Z - - 2002
Staged repair of extensive thoracic aortic aneurysms puts certain patients at risk of rupture. We report the case of a patient with Marfan syndrome who presented with subacute type-A aortic dissection and a large descending aortic aneurysm. We used the arch-first technique with a commercially available Dacron T-graft. A clamshell ...
Aluffi Alessandro - - 2002
To reduce the time needed for clamping or circulatory arrest (or both) during substitution of a prosthesis for the thoracic aorta, we developed an expandable device that can be used with any commercially available prosthetic graft to enable sutureless aortic anastomosis. Improvements upon a previous version of the device include ...
Konstantinov I E - - 2001
A 32-year-old woman with dysphagia due to an unusual form of right aortic arch and anomalous left subclavian artery had successful repair after two previous failures. The definitive repair was accomplished by resection of the retroesophageal portion of the right aortic arch. The continuity of the aorta was established with ...
Ferrigno C R - - 2001
We herein report a case of a double aortic arch in a 10-week-old male dog of no defined race, which presented episodes of regurgitation at the time of weaning. This vascular malformation was characterized by the persistence of two aortic arches, right and left, of varying dimensions. The right aortic ...
Ootaki Y - - 2001
This report describes a unique case of an infant with right pulmonary agenesis associated with interrupted aortic arch, ventricular septal defect, and aortic valvular stenosis. Blalock-Park arterial anastomosis and pulmonary arterial banding were performed without incidence. These techniques were useful for this complicated heart defect with pulmonary agenesis. The postoperative ...
Orihashi K - - 2001
OBJECTIVE: We have experienced transaortic stent-grafting for treating distal arch aneurysm or type B dissection. This paper is to mainly report the surgical aspect of these procedures. METHODS: Fifteen patients underwent this surgery, including 12 men and three women ranging from 47 to 83 years. Twelve had aneurysms and three ...
Tchervenkov C I - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Aortic arch reconstruction in neonates routinely requires deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. We reviewed our experience with techniques of continuous low-flow cerebral perfusion (LFCP) avoiding direct arch vessel cannulation. METHODS: Eighteen patients, with a median age of 11 days (range 1 to 85 days) and a mean weight of 3.2 ...
Kim Y M - - 2001
We investigate the tracheal compression by aortic arch in patients with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries. Fourteen patients whose ascending aorta was connected to descending aorta on the contralateral side were divided into two groups according to the severity of tracheal compression on lateral angiogram: group 1 (stenosis ...
Yoshimura N - - 2001
We treated 2 patients with recurrent coarctation after repair of interrupted aortic arch. Because they had been operated on with the use of vascular prostheses, severe scarring was considered prohibitive for safe dissection. We successfully carried out anatomic repair with the use of retrograde cerebral perfusion through a left thoracotomy ...
MacPhail C M - - 2001
A 15-week-old, male intact, miniature schnauzer presented for signs consistent with persistent right aortic arch (PRAA). Esophagram and esophagoscopy confirmed this diagnosis. Following selective intubation, the constricting ligamentum arteriosum was visualized and completely resected via thoracoscopy. No complications were noted with this procedure. Advantages of thoracoscopy for management of persistent ...
Nothroff J - - 2001
Children with innocent murmurs are often referred to a paediatric cardiologist for diagnosis. The most common murmurs of early childhood are the so-called Still's murmurs, followed by ejection murmurs across the pulmonary or aortic vessels, and the venous hum. There also exists a high coincidence of murmurs with the presence ...
Beaver T M - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Aneurysms of the ascending, arch, and descending thoracic aorta are typically managed with two operations. The first stage involves replacement of the ascending and arch aorta leaving a segment of graft in the proximal descending aorta with a mortality and stroke risk of 8%. The second stage involves replacement ...
Aebert H - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Surgery of the aortic arch avoiding profound systemic hypothermia and using antegrade or retrograde cerebral perfusion has recently been popularized. This usually renders the CPB and surgical field set-up more complex. We propose a simple method achieving a similar effect. METHODS: During a 6-month period, 7 patients (median age ...
Bové T - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Tracheobronchial compression of vascular origin is an uncommon but important cause of respiratory distress in infants and children. We reviewed our surgical experience with 31 children, presenting vascular tracheobronchial compression. METHODS: Thirty-one children, with a median age of seven months, were operated on for airway and/or oesophageal compression secondary ...
Dörnhöfer Tanja - - 2002
We report the unusual case of a 4-year-old girl with traumatic aortic rupture. A conventional chest X-ray showed an enlarged mediastinum. Spiral CT and transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated a mediastinal hematoma, bilateral pleural effusion, and a rupture of the aortic arch. Semi-elective surgery, 4 days after the accident, confirmed rupture of ...
Matsuno O - - 2001
A 66-year-old man with hemoptysis, chest pain, fever, and hoarseness was admitted to our department. A right-sided aortic arch and three aneurysms in the proximal arch, distal arch, and descending aorta were confirmed by aortography and surgery. Fistula formations were discovered between the proximal arch aneurysm and the right upper ...
Jacobs M J - - 2001
PURPOSE: In this prospective study the clinical and neurological outcome of continuous antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) and moderate hypothermia was evaluated in patients undergoing ascending and aortic arch repair including reconstruction of the proximal supraaortic arteries. METHODS: In 50 consecutive patients (mean age 47 yr, range 22-70) aortic arch and ...
Atsumi N - - 2001
A male infant, having a persistent fifth aortic arch and interruption of the aorta distal to the left subclavian artery, underwent successful surgical treatment. A histological study of the excised segment of the aorta showed that the ductal tissue extended to the junction between the fifth arch and the descending ...
Philip S - - 2001
Retroesophageal aortic arch (REAA) can be further divided to right or left retroesophageal aortic arch. The right REAA has right ascending and left descending aorta with retroesophageal segment, whereas the left REAA has left ascending and right descending aorta. The REAA with retroesophageal segment may cause tracheoesophageal compression by the ...
Starreveld J S - - 2001
In a neonate born prior to term with a weight of 1825 grams, and diagnosed prenatally as having atrioventricular septal defect and Down's syndrome, we found the aortic arch to be interrupted between the left carotid artery and the left subclavian artery, with the arterial duct being the only route ...
Vazquez-Jimenez J F - - 2001
Restenosis after repair of coarctation with hypoplastic distal aortic arch is an important complication. Complete removal of ductal tissue, resection of isthmus area, and side-to-side arterioplasty of the distal aortic arch leads to a wide distance between the aortic arch and descending aorta; therefore, the anastomosis may remain under tension, ...
McElhinney D B - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of chromosome 22q11 deletions in patients with isolated anomalies of the aortic arch and its branches. BACKGROUND: Chromosome 22q11 deletions are often present in patients with certain forms of congenital cardiovascular disease, including tetralogy of Fallot, truncus arteriosus and ...
Kazui T - - 2001
Antegrade Selective Cerebral Perfusion (SCP) has proved to be a safe and reliable method of brain protection during operations of aortic arch aneurysms. Arch vessel cannulation is a crucial step in the institution of SCP that determines its success to a significant extent. A simple and safe cannulation technique along ...
Tominaga R - - 2001
A 63-year-old man had a distal arch aneurysm combined with a circumflex retroesophageal right aortic arch, which is a rare form of vascular ring. By using combined median sternotomy and left thoracotomy under deep hypothermia and retrograde cerebral perfusion, total arch replacement with a vascular graft was successful. We describe ...
Tchervenkov C I - - 2001
Deep hypothermic circulatory arrest (DHCA) has been used routinely for surgery involving the aortic arch. Recently, techniques have been developed that avoid circulatory arrest and maintain low-flow cerebral perfusion (LFCP) in an attempt to avoid the potential neurological sequelae associated with DHCA. We describe a technique of LFCP that avoids ...
Hilgenberg A D - - 2001
BACKGROUND: Repair of aortic arch pathology is reliably performed with hypothermic circulatory arrest, but the best method of brain protection is controversial. METHODS: We reviewed a consecutive series of 67 patients who had aortic arch repair with hypothermic circulatory arrest. Retrograde perfusion of arterial blood into the superior vena cava ...
Woolfson P I - - 2001
Cervical aortic arch is rare with a prevalence of less than 1/10000 live births (Pediatr Cardiol 10 (1989) 205); but may occur with other cardiovascular congenital abnormalities. We report pseudocoarctation of a left-sided cervical aortic arch with an aberrant right subclavian artery and aortic and mitral regurgitation, corrected by an ...
Ide H - - 2001
OBJECTIVES: We have devised a modified "elephant trunk" technique for primary aortic arch replacement that strengthens the distal anastomosis by preventing access of the blood stream to the distal suture line. The technique entails suturing an elephant trunk graft to the inner surface of the arch graft circumferentially just distal ...
Tsukube T - - 2001
A saccular aneurysm in the right-sided aortic arch with aberrant left subclavian artery is an uncommon disease, and surgical treatment is complicated. Three patients with Edwards type III-B right aortic arch and enlargement of the Kommerell's diverticulum underwent operations. Right thoracotomy was the preferred approach for this lesion and partial ...
Prêtre R - - 2001
Rupture of the aortic arch and laceration of the diaphragm after blunt trauma are two serious lesions that are difficult to manage. (1,2) We repaired both lesions in a patient with an anterior approach (i.e., a median sternotomy and a superior median laparotomy). The repair, carried out during extracorporeal circulation, ...
Roth M - - 2001
Thrombotic formations on atherosclerotic lesions of the thoracic aorta are potential sources of cerebral and systemic embolization. Especially younger patients without calcifications of atherosclerotic plaques or coagulation disorders have a higher risk for embolization. Magnetic resonance imaging and transesophageal echocardiography are the diagnostic methods of choice. As an alternative to ...
Harada H - - 2001
A 55-year-old man presented with clinical signs of an aortic arch aneurysm. Angiography, MRI and CT demonstrated an aortic arch aneurysm and an aneurysm of the aberrant right subclavian artery. Coronary angiography revealed 95% stenosis in the right coronary artery. Right common carotid artery-right subclavian artery bypass, arch graft replacement ...
Stemmet F - - 2001
A 31-year-old woman who had undergone left pneumonectomy for a tuberculosis-destroyed left lung 3 years previously presented in respiratory distress after a pregnancy complicated by preeclampsia and aspiration pneumonia. Investigation revealed a large aortic arch aneurysm as well as a filling defect in the descending thoracic aortic lumen. Emergency aortic ...
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