Search Results
Results 501 - 550 of 1463
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >
Byrd Noah A - - 2005
Several syndromes characterized by defects in cardiovascular and craniofacial development are associated with a hemizygous deletion of chromosome 22q11 in humans and involve defects in pharyngeal arch and neural crest cell development. Recent efforts have focused on identifying 22q11 deletion syndrome modifying loci. In this study, we show that mouse ...
Martinovic I - - 2005
Results of aortic arch repair for interrupted aortic arch or aortic coarctation have considerably improved. However, re-stenosis or aneurysm formation is a common complication requiring complex re-interventions or even extra-anatomic bypass grafting. In two patients with recurrent coarctation, the use of cardiopulmonary bypass was mandatory, in one due to the ...
Jan Sheng-Ling - - 2006
In this report, we describe two rare cases with aortic branching anomalies. One was a 7-year-old girl who had an incomplete vascular ring caused by the presence of left aortic arch and aberrant, retroesophageal right subclavian artery associated with the common carotid trunk. The other was a 6-year-old boy who ...
Couturier Georg - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has been used to visualize aortic arch plaques. TEE is moderately invasive. We employed a new non-invasive method for visualization of the aortic arch to assess the correlation of the extent of plaque in the aortic arch as visualized by non-invasive ultrasound with the prevalence of ...
Cetin Ibrahim Ilker - - 2005
We have reported a patient with aortopulmonary window (APW) simulating truncus. In classically defined APW, aorta and main pulmonary artery separate again after a distance from the window and form the aortic arch and pulmonary arteries. However, in our case, there was no separation and they formed a very large ...
Kikuchi S - - 2005
A double aortic arch is usually an isolated abnormality. We report a case with a previously undescribed combination of double aortic arch and common inlet left ventricle. The patient underwent division of the nondominant right aortic arch and the right ductus arteriosus at 2 months of age following a left ...
Yew G - - 2005
Aortic atresia and interrupted aortic arch is a rare cardiac combination. Review of the literature revealed nine cases. We present two patients with this combination and the additional finding of quadricuspid pulmonary valves, one of which was severely stenotic. In the latter patient, an aortopulmonary window was present. The other ...
Lakew Fitsum - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Femoral artery cannulation and retrograde arterial perfusion have been postulated to increase the risk of cerebral embolism. In this study, the impact of the arterial cannulation site on the perioperative results after proximal aortic surgery is evaluated. METHODS: Between January 1996 and December 2002, a total of 327 patients ...
Spielvogel David - - 2005
BACKGROUND: Hypothermic selective antegrade cerebral perfusion during aortic arch replacement may prevent adverse neurologic sequelae. It can be provided via balloon-tipped catheters or a branched graft sewn to the brachiocephalic vessels. We report a consecutive series of total arch replacement using a trifurcated graft. METHODS: From September 1999 through October ...
Orihashi Kazumasa - - 2005
An unusual case of thrombus formation in the arch vessels after cardiac arrest because of pulmonary embolism is reported. A 67-year-old woman developed pulmonary embolism that soon led to cardiac arrest. Although percutaneous cardiopulmonary support was started, the blood pressure of her upper extremity was below 20 mm Hg and ...
Suzuki Kazuchika - - 2005
Arterial complications of Behcet's disease rarely affect the thoracic aorta, and the incidence of aortic arch aneurysm is especially low. We present a patient who developed a rapidly expanding aneurysm of the distal aortic arch after 20 years of treatment of Behcet's disease. Emergency total arch replacement was performed with ...
Khatri Ismail A - - 2005
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Transesophageal echocardiography is used to detect the aortic arch pathology during diagnostic workup of ischemic stroke events. Conventional angiography is increasingly used in diagnosing and treating atherosclerotic vascular lesions in patients with ischemic stroke. Although catheter-based aortography can be performed with cerebral angiography, there is limited information ...
Burkhart Harold M - - 2005
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine whether evolving techniques of aortic arch reconstruction used during the Norwood procedure decreased the incidence of postoperative aortic arch obstruction. METHODS: Our technique for aortic arch reconstruction in patients undergoing the Norwood procedure has evolved from using an allograft patch (classic group, n = 26) ...
Backer Carl L - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to review our experience with infants and children with anatomically complete vascular rings (ie, double aortic arch and right aortic arch with left ligamentum) and define perioperative trends in diagnostic imaging, operative techniques, and clinical outcomes. METHODS: From 1946 through 2003, 209 patients (113 with double aortic ...
Gupta Madhur - - 2005
Hundred aortic arches were studied in adult cadavers (aged 40-70 years) for variations in the origin of branches at arch of aorta in situ and for observing the lumenal diameters and relative distances between the adjacent branches. Usually described three branches arising at arch of aorta were observed in 77.0% ...
Amiya Eisuke - - 2005
A 66-year old man, who had been diagnosed with dilated cardiomyopathy and felt a progressive shortness of breath and fatigability, was admitted to hospital. Computed tomography showed a thickening of the aortic wall from the aortic arch to the aortic bifurcation, as well as mild pleural and pericardial effusion. Intravenous ...
Malik T H - - 2006
To evaluate the role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the assessment of children with suspected extrinsic tracheobronchial compression due to vascular anomalies. Retrospective case note review in a tertiary referral centre. Twenty nine children who underwent dynamic laryngotracheobronchoscopy (DLTB) and were found to have a clinical suspicion of extrinsic ...
Kaki Nobuaki - - 2005
We report a rare case of a rupture in Kommerell's diverticulum in a 73-year-old woman with Edwards IIIB aberrant left subclavian artery (A-LSA) and right aortic arch. This case was further complicated by an inferior vena cava defect. We performed an emergency operation through a right posterolateral approach. The descending ...
Ohtake Hiroshi - - 2005
A new pull-through technique for placement of the aortic arch stent-graft was developed. Self-expandable curved stents (Matsui-Kitamura stents) were used on 4 pigs. With use of the endoscopic system, the sheath insertion was performed at the ascending aorta. By this pull-through method from the ascending aorta to the femoral artery, ...
Saccani Stefano - - 2005
We report two cases of type A acute aortic dissection in which the traditional ascending aorta replacement was completed by aortic arch stenting to achieve a complete treatment and to avoid the risks that are connected to aortic arch replacement. Correct deployment of the stent was evaluated through an endoscope ...
Shibata Toshihiko - - 2005
Transaortic stent grafting is an alternative method for treating distal arch aneurysms. Total arch grafts are too bulky to be inserted into a sheath catheter during usual stent grafting methods. An assembling method that uses a chain stitch enables the deployment of any type of stent graft into the distal ...
Nakamura Kunihide - - 2005
Most traumatic carotid artery aneurysms occur at or close to its bifurcation, and traumatic aneurysm of the intrathoracic carotid arteries are rare. We describe a case of false aneurysm at the origin of the left common carotid artery (LCCA) after blunt trauma. A 53-year-old man suffered a blow from a ...
Schlesinger Alan E - - 2005
We present 10 patients with double aortic arch with atresia of the distal left arch segment, a form of incomplete double aortic arch, and describe the distinct MRI and CT findings for this potentially symptomatic vascular ring. Knowledge of the distinctive imaging appearance of this congenital arch anomaly can direct ...
Monnereau L - - 2005
The anatomy and embryology of the aortic arch and its branching tributaries (brachiocephalic trunk, left common carotid artery and left subclavian artery) in man and animals are well substantiated. However, the anatomical variations and morphometry of the aortic arch and its branching tributaries in rat fetus at the 21st gestation ...
Larzon T - - 2005
Endovascular repair of thoracic aneurysms has emerged as an attractive alternative especially in patients at high risk. However, the left common carotid artery limits the use of stent-grafts in aneurysms located in the aortic arch or close to the left subclavian artery. We report two cases with aneurysms in the ...
Kondo Chiaki - - 2005
We present the case of a 39-year-old male who had complaints of dysphagia and throat pain. Computed tomography (CT), 3 dimensional CT and aortography revealed a double aortic arch (Edwards type IA). The patient underwent exploration through a left-sided thoracotomy and the left arch was divided at the distal site ...
Yoshitatsu Masao - - 2005
We describe the "eaves" technique, a new method for distal anastomosis in aortic arch replacement. The 1-cm wide eaves were created at the site 3 to 4 cm distal to the graft end. The graft was bound with vessel tape from the eaves to the site proximal to the origin ...
Bergeron P - - 2005
AIM: We describe our experience in endovascular repair of Thoracic Aortic Aneurysms and Dissections (TAAD) involving the aortic arch in high risk patients (HRP). METHODS: Twenty-nine patients presented with TAAD involving the aortic arch and were treated by endovascular exclusion. Pathologies were as follows: atherosclerotic aneurysms of the descending thoracic ...
Akasaka Junetsu - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Although several methods of stent-grafting for patients with aortic arch aneurysm have been reported, these methods have been associated with several complications such as endoleak and migration. We developed a new method using Matsui-Kitamura (MK) stent-graft following extra-anatomic arch vessels bypass by selective cerebral perfusion (SCP) under left heart ...
Küçüker Seref A - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: Several antegrade cerebral perfusion techniques with differing neurological outcomes are employed for aortic arch repair. This study demonstrates the clinical results of aortic arch repair with unilateral cerebral perfusion via the right brachial artery. METHODS: Between January 1996 and March 2004, 181 patients underwent aortic arch repair via the ...
Kumeda Hiroshi - - 2005
We report on the case of a 70-year-old woman who presented dyspnea. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the chest revealed the compression of the lower part of the trachea and left main bronchus by an aneurysm of the ascending aorta and aortic arch. Although we performed a replacement of the ascending ...
Baspinar Osman - - 2005
A three-year-old boy with unusually flattened facies, multiple joint dislocations and eye abnormalities suggesting the presence of Larsen syndrome presented with a broad mediastinum on routine chest radiography. Computed tomography revealed a huge dilated tortuous aortic arch. Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated aortic valve dilation, aneurysmal dilation of the ascending aorta with ...
Cetin Gürkan - - 2005
The surgical management of the aortic arch pathologies is still subject to discussion. Primary end-to-end anastomosis has some complications such as bronchial compression, tension in the suture lines, and probability of recurrence. On the other hand, patch aortoplasties combined with end-to-end anastomosis carry the risk of aneurysm formation and recurrence. ...
Porzionato Andrea - - 2005
During dissection of a 63-year-old female cadaver, a firm ribbon-like band was found on the left aspect of the aortic arch. Careful dissection showed that the band (6 cm long, 8 mm wide, 2 mm thick) connected the left superior intercostal vein with the accessory hemiazygos vein. Histological examination showed ...
Chisaka Osamu - - 2005
Genetic disruption of Hoxa3 results in bilateral defects of the common carotid artery, which is derived from the third branchial arch artery. The tunica media of the great arteries derived from the arch arteries is formed by the ectomesenchymal neural crest cells. To examine the etiology of the regression of ...
Yasaka Masahiro - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: The right-to-left shunt (RLS) is diagnosed by contrast-enhanced transesophageal echocardiographic monitoring of the bilateral atria (cTEE-BA). However, the procedure is often disturbed by nonsmoke spontaneous individual contrast (NSSIC) with fast motion, which appears in the left atrium after respiratory maneuvers without administration of a contrast medium and moves past ...
Aiyer Aparna R - - 2005
HAND2 is an essential transcription factor for cardiac, pharyngeal arch, and limb development. Apoptosis in the HAND2-null embryo causes hypoplasia of the right ventricle and pharyngeal arches leading to lethality by embryonic day (E)10.0 from heart failure. In order to investigate the role of apoptosis in inducing the HAND2-null phenotype, ...
McCrindle Brian W - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the prevalence of outcomes and associated patient and management factors for neonates with interrupted aortic arch. METHODS: From 1987 to 1997, a total of 472 neonates were enrolled prospectively from 33 institutions. Competing risks methodology was used to determine simultaneous risk and associated incremental risk ...
Melissano G - - 2005
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to review our clinical experience with endovascular treatment of aortic arch aneurysms using different commercially available grafts (Gore, Talent, Endomed, Cook). METHODS: From 1999 to 2004, 97 patients received endovascular treatment for diseases of the thoracic aorta. In 30 cases (26 males, 4 ...
Mangino D - - 2005
We present a possible alternative technique to treat the rupture of aortic arch aneurysms on beating heart without necessity of cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), hypothermic circulatory arrest and cerebral protection, using a bifurcated vascular prosthesis to revascularize the subclavian and carotid arteries and an endovascular prosthesis to repair the aortic arch. ...
Kawahito Koji - - 2005
PURPOSE: Optimal exposure and antegrade arterial perfusion are keys to avoiding complications in the repair of distal aortic arch disease. To achieve these ends, we performed distal aortic arch repair through a left anterolateral thoracotomy while also using axillary artery perfusion. METHODS: From Mach 1998 to December 2004, 28 patients ...
Akiyama Kazuya - - 2005
Grafts with four presewn side branches have proven very useful for total aortic arch replacement worldwide. However, the four side branches often obscure the surgeon's view of the distal anastomotic site. Thus, we designed a holder for this graft, which sheaths and hides the graft body and branches, allowing the ...
Dambrin Camille - - 2005
A 70-year-old patient presented a large saccular aneurysm involving the whole aortic arch. Because of a past history of left thoracotomy and a high co-morbidity profile, we opted for a combined strategy, consisting of an extra-anatomic bypass of the supra-aortic vessels, followed by the endovascular implantation of a covered thoracic ...
Ozkara Ahmet - - 2005
We report a case of successful reoperation for aortic arch dissection with use of the "arch-first" technique in a patient who had Marfan syndrome. Extracorporeal circulation was initiated via right subclavian artery cannulation, and the chest was entered through a clamshell incision for the best exposure. When the patient was ...
Koullias G J - - 2005
Symptomatic vascular rings causing late-onset dysphagia (dysphagia lusoria) are quite unusual in adults. We present a 42-year-old woman with a 1-year history of dysphagia from a right-sided aortic arch with an aberrant left subclavian artery and left-sided ligamentum arteriosum. Using a helical CT scan of the chest and a three-dimensional ...
Tchervenkov Christo I - - 2005
Interrupted aortic arch (IAA) is defined as the loss of luminal continuity between the ascending and descending aorta. It is associated with a multitude of lesions ranging from isolated ventricular septal defects to complex ones. Although results have improved in the modern era, repair of IAA is associated with a ...
Hardin Rosemarie E - - 2005
A 76-year-old woman presented with respiratory failure that was later determined to be a result of a right aortic arch with an aberrant left brachiocephalic artery. This vascular ring compressed the trachea, requiring operative intervention. A median sternotomy gave access for an aorta-to-left brachiocephalic artery bypass and division of the ...
Kostelka Martin - - 2004
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the current outcome and reoperation rate after applying a one-stage correction strategy for interrupted aortic arch (IAA) with ventricular septal defect (VSD) and also for aortic coarctation and hypoplastic aortic arch (CoA-HyAA) with VSD beginning September 1999. METHODS: Twenty-four consecutive ...
Rubin Sylvain - - 2004
We report the case of a 63-year-old man, admitted after a traffic accident. Clinical examination found chest trauma, mandibular and long bone fractures but there was no cerebral ischemic signs. The chest X-ray showed a widening of the mediastinum; therefore an aortography demonstrated a false aneurysm, an intimal flap of ...
Huang Huimin - - 2004
Interrupted aortic arch is a complicated congenital heart defect. Because of its anatomic features, the conventional cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) procedure is not suitable for the surgery of this type of lesion. Thus, we conducted a retrospective study of CPB in surgery for the disease. Ten patients with interrupted aortic arch ...
< 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 >