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Results 451 - 500 of 1462
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Serna Daniel L - - 2006
We report the case of a 28-year-old man who suffered a transection of the mid-transverse aortic arch between the innominate and left common carotid artery with complete avulsion of the left common carotid artery after blunt trauma. This patient underwent successful aortic arch replacement proximal to the left subclavian artery ...
Al-Khaldi Abdulaziz - - 2006
Intrathoracic great vessels injuries are usually fatal and represent a special surgical challenge. We report a successful surgical repair for blunt disruption of the three aortic arch branches in the setting of bovine arch anatomy. The repair was achieved without the use of cardiopulmonary bypass or arterial shunts. There was ...
Pacini Davide - - 2006
Aneurysm development after repair of aortic coarctation is not a rare complication, but it is highly related to hypoplasia of the transverse aortic arch. The optimal management of such cases is not clearly established. We propose a single-stage transmediastinal re-repair using moderate hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass and antegrade selective cerebral perfusion.
Patel Chandrakant R - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this series is to describe the prenatal echocardiographic findings of vascular rings. METHODS: The 3-vessel and trachea view consists of the axial view of the upper mediastinum. The normal left aortic arch appears as a V-shaped confluence of the ductus arteriosus and aortic arch, with the ...
Narayan Pradeep - - 2006
Surgery on the ascending aorta +/- arch is a challenge. The risks involved in such operations after previous cardiac surgery were assessed in elective and emergency settings in a single institution. Over a 10-year period, 29 patients underwent replacement of the ascending aorta +/- arch following previous cardiac surgery. In ...
Matalanis George - - 2006
We describe a minimally invasive technique for complete aortic arch repair without cardiopulmonary bypass. A 77-year-old man with severe obstructive airways disease presented with aneurysmal disease of his aortic arch. Through a median sternotomy and the application of a side-biting clamp, the common trunk of a bifurcation Dacron graft was ...
Griselli Massimo - - 2006
OBJECTIVE: The study objective was to identify how the evolution of surgical strategies influenced the outcome after the Norwood procedure. METHODS: From 1992 to 2004, 367 patients underwent the Norwood procedure (median age, 4 days). Three surgical strategies were identified on the basis of arch reconstruction and source of pulmonary ...
Ogino Hitoshi - - 2006
A total of 120 patients having arch to distal arch aneurysm with downstream extension underwent total arch replacement, with individual arch-vessel reconstruction through median sternotomy using a novel "stepwise" distal aortic anastomosis. Cardiopulmonary bypass was established by cannulating the right axillary artery and the ascending aorta or femoral artery. Hypothermia ...
Gottardi Roman - - 2006
Conventional surgical repair of the aortic arch using cardiopulmonary bypass and deep hypothermic circulatory arrest still carries a substantial rate of mortality and morbidity. Endovascular stent-graft placement has developed as a safe and effective treatment modality in various diseases of the aorta. We report on the case of a 64-year-old ...
Maryam Esmaeilzadeh
Interrupted Aortic Arch (IAA) is a rare congenital malformation of the aortic arch that occurs in 3 per million live births. This anomaly is defined as a loss of luminal continuity between the ascending and descending portion of the aorta that entails a very poor prognosis without surgical treatment. In ...
Sakurai Koji - - 2006
Dislocation or perigraft leakage is a major problem during the follow-up period for endovascular stent graft (EVG) implantation via median sternotomy for distal aortic arch aneurysm. Anchoring sutures have been applied for the prevention of these complications. Here, we evaluate the midterm results and the efficacy of anchoring sutures. There ...
Weinberg Paul M - - 2006
Magnetic resonance imaging has become the gold standard for imaging the aortic arch with the ability to demonstrate not only the arterial branching pattern, but also the relationship of aorta and its branches to the trachea and bronchi. Examples of four major aortic arch types--left aortic arch, right aortic arch, ...
Konstantinov Igor E - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Patients with both interrupted aortic arch (IAA) and truncus arteriosus (TA) have worse outcomes than those with either lesion in isolation. We determined outcomes and associated factors in this rare group. METHODS: From 1987 to 1997, 50 (11%) of 472 neonates with IAA were identified with TA. Site of ...
Naito Munekazu - - 2006
AIM: To report two cases of the left testicular artery arching over the left renal vein (LRV) before running downward to the testis. METHODS: The subjects were obtained from two Japanese cadavers. During the student course of gross-anatomical dissection, the anatomical relationship between the testicular vessels and the renal vein ...
Leshnower Bradley G - - 2006
The majority of nonpenetrating traumatic injuries to the thoracic aorta are fatal. Survivors of aortic transection tend to have injuries occurring at the isthmus. We report a rare, blunt traumatic complete transection of the mid aortic arch between the innominate and left common carotid arteries diagnosed by multidetector computed tomography ...
Metsvaht Tuuli - - 2006
Neonatal spontaneous aortic arch thrombosis without an anatomical correlate is an extremely rare disorder of unknown etiology. A 1-day-old newborn was admitted with suspicion of the coarctation of the aorta. Angiography revealed congenital occluding thrombosis of the ascending aorta and the aortic arch. Surgery was considered impossible because of concomitant ...
Riess Friedrich-Christian - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Resection of the descending thoracic aorta and replacement with a vascular prosthesis is associated with an increased risk of paraplegia, as opposed to endoluminal stenting. We report on the first case in which a thoracic aortic aneurysm was treated in a hybrid approach, combining surgery with the implantation of ...
Borzellino Giuseppe - - 2006
BACKGROUND: Intra-thoracic desmoid tumours with mediastinal invasion are very rare. Although rare they have to be taken into account in the differential diagnosis of a thoracic mass and therapeutic options have to be weighted since surgical treatment may require wide excision. CASE PRESENTATION: A 48-year-old male diabetic, dyslipidaemic, former heavy ...
Abbas Jihad - - 2006
We present a case of a 43-year-old female with headaches, progressive paresthesias of the upper extremities, and vertigo. Ultrasonography could not visualize the left internal carotid artery (ICA). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed complete fusion of the C5, C6, and C7 levels, representing Klippel-Feil deformity. Angiography showed a unique abnormality ...
Pagni Sebastian - - 2006
We report the case of a 69-year-old man who presented with a symptomatic mycotic aneurysm of the aortic arch. Diagnosis was confirmed by positron emission tomography and by blood cultures positive for Salmonella species. A complete resection of the aortic arch process was performed via left thoracotomy using a cryopreserved ...
Du Plessis C J - - 2006
Double aortic arch denotes the persistence of both fourth aortic arches and has been reported as 'very rare' in the dog. Most reported cases have been seen in German shepherd dogs. An eight-week-old, male, 1.5-kg beagle presented with a three-week history of regurgitation and dyspnoea. A barium oesophagram showed severe ...
YalçinbaĊŸ Yusuf Kenan - - 2006
Incomplete vascular ring is a rare congenital vascular anomaly causing tracheal compression. A case of anomalous innominate artery causing tracheal compression and low grade tracheomalacia with remarkable dyspnea and intermittent apnea in a five-month-old infant is reported. Chest X-ray revealed enlarged upper mediastinum. Patent foramen ovale and thymus hyperplasia were ...
Emrecan Bilgin - - 2006
INTRODUCTION: There continue to be some controversies concerning aortic arch reconstruction, especially the cerebral protection methods. We report our operative and postoperative outcomes for cases of aortic arch replacement using whole-body perfusion during aortic reconstruction under 28 degrees C moderate hypothermia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 12 patients were ...
Gittenberger-de Groot Adriana C - - 2006
Molecular processes underlying the remodeling of the symmetric system and the already muscularized pharyngeal arch arteries into an asymmetric aortic arch are slowly becoming unraveled. In normal arch remodeling, selective apoptosis of part of the right dorsal aorta and sixth pharyngeal arch is seen, whereas in the common arch malformations ...
Khan Sufana - - 2006
We report 3 cases of a persistent 5th aortic arch. This anomaly is usually associated with other intracardiac defects. Although all 3 patients were found to have similar vascular structures that were best explained by the persistence of the 5th aortic arch into postnatal life, the clinical presentations were quite ...
Gao Feng - - 2006
Many cardiovascular diseases, such as aortic dissection, frequently occur on the aortic arch and fluid-structure interactions play an important role in the cardiovascular system. Mechanical stress is crucial in the functioning of the cardiovascular system; therefore, stress analysis is a useful tool for understanding vascular pathophysiology. The present study is ...
Zhao Jinping - - 2006
A 49-year-old woman with a 2-year history of severe dysphagia, claudication of the right arm, and persistent pulsatile back pain presented at our institution. An esophagogram showed 2 marked indentations of the upper esophagus. Computed axial tomography showed a right-sided aortic arch with mirror image branching and an aortic diverticulum; ...
Takeda Yuko - - 2005
Between May 2000 and December 2002, 10 neonates underwent arch reconstruction without circulatory arrest. Age at surgery ranged from 1 to 18 days, and body weight ranged from 1.62 to 3.38 kg. The diagnosis was interrupted aortic arch in 4, hypoplastic left heart syndrome in 3, and coarctation complex in ...
Zhang Zhen - - 2005
During embryonic life, the initially paired pharyngeal arch arteries (PAAs) follow a precisely orchestrated program of persistence and regression that leads to the formation of the mature aortic arch and great vessels. When this program fails, specific cardiovascular defects arise that may be life threatening or mild, according to the ...
Shingu Yasushige - - 2005
A 61-year-old man presented with consistent hemolytic anemia 15 months after ascending and total arch replacement for DeBakey I type acute aortic dissection. The cause of hemolysis turned out to be mechanical damage of red blood cells at the inverted felt of the proximal anastomosis. Reoperation of resection of the ...
Strauch J T - - 2005
BACKGROUND: The risk of neurological complications is still a life-threatening event for patients undergoing proximal aortic arch or total aortic arch surgery. To prevent these complications, axillary artery cannulation and antegrade selective cerebral perfusion were utilized. We compared the effects of using hypothermic circulatory arrest (HCA) alone or with selective ...
Shimizu Kazuteru - - 2005
A 35 year-old male with Marfan's syndrome was referred with a fortuitous echographic finding of an abdominal aorta flap. Transthoracic echocardiography showed moderate aortic regurgitation and an aneurysm in the sinus of Valsalva. Computed tomography demonstrated an aneurysm in the sinus of Valsalva 60 mm in size and a DeBakey ...
House A K - - 2005
An unusual vascular ring anomaly consisting of a persistent right aortic arch and a left ligamentum arteriosum extending from the main pulmonary artery to an aberrant left subclavian artery and left aortic arch remnant complex was identified in a German shepherd dog and a great Dane. The left subclavian artery ...
Agostini Marco - - 2005
We report the case of a 41-year-old man presenting with a large Kommerell's diverticulum aneurysm in the right-sided aortic arch with retroesophageal component and moderate thoracic aortic dilation. Surgical treatment was performed through left thoracotomy and consisted of aneurysmectomy, closure of the distal aortic arch defect and aorta-left subclavian artery ...
Maselli Daniele - - 2006
In 20 patients (6 male; age 56.5+/-6.4 years; BSA 1.6+/-0.1 m(2)) undergoing port-access mitral valve surgery, automated intraoperative transcranial Doppler was used to monitor absolute amount, side distribution, and type of embolic events during selected phases of the procedure to evaluate the impact of specific surgical manoeuvres on cerebral microembolism. ...
Lim Hong Gook - - 2005
Anterior translocation of the pulmonary root was used as a new approach to the staged repair of Taussig-Bing anomaly with an interrupted aortic arch. It was performed to construct the right ventricle outflow tract with intraventricular baffling of the left ventricle to the aorta as the second stage operation after ...
Szpinda M - - 2005
In prenatal and pediatric cardiovascular surgery knowledge of the various arrangements of the aortic arch and its branches as well as the normative data are essential. The variability and morphometric features of the brachiocephalic trunk in 131 human foetuses (65 male, 66 female) ranging from 15 to 34 weeks of ...
Pocar Marco - - 2005
OBJECTIVES: The study was designed to evaluate perioperative and late results after primary, single-stage arterial switch operation (ASO) associated with aortic arch obstruction repair. Outcome of patients with more than five years of follow-up were analyzed. BACKGROUND: The treatment of patients with transposition of the great arteries, or other forms ...
Oh Jiyeon - - 2005
Myocardin and the myocardin-related transcription factors (MRTFs) A and B act as coactivators for serum response factor, which plays a key role in cardiovascular development. To determine the functions of MRTF-B in vivo, we generated MRTF-B mutant mice by targeted inactivation of the MRTF-B gene. We show that mice homozygous ...
Besana-Ciani I - - 2005
Langer's arch is identified in up to 7% of axillary explorations; in a three-month period we identified three individuals among forty-six patients undergoing axillary surgery with this abnormality. Langer's arch is a muscular-tendinous structure that usually extends from latissimus dorsi to pectoralis major muscle. The purpose of this article is ...
Diethrich Edward B - - 2005
PURPOSE: To report a technique for antegrade delivery of the TAG stent-graft during repair of lesions in the proximal aortic arch. TECHNIQUE: Via an 8-cm median sternotomy, a bifurcated graft, usually 14 or 16 mm in diameter, is anastomosed to the ascending aorta with 4-0 Prolene suture; a 10-mm straight ...
Nakagawa Masao - - 2005
We report an 8-year-old Japanese girl with von Recklinghausen disease, who presented with aortic arch anomalies and left hemilateral oculo-otolaryngeal abnormalities including strabismus, blepharoptosis, a dysplastic external ear and hearing loss. The aortic arch anomalies including subclavian artery obstruction that appeared to be a consequence of the neurofibromatosis, and the ...
Mangialardi Nicola - - 2005
Endovascular treatment of aortic arch aneurysms poses unique problems because of vascularization of the carotid arteries. Transposition of supra-aortic vessels is becoming an established and accepted strategy for expanding the applicability of stent graft repair. left subclavian artery (LSA) is not usually transposed because its overstenting does not produce relevant ...
Munneke Graham J - - 2005
An aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA) arising from a left-sided aortic arch is the fourth most common aortic arch anomaly. Aneurysmal dilatation of the ARSA requires treatment because of the associated risk of rupture. We present a case where supra-aortic bypass of the arch vessels was performed to facilitate exclusion ...
Kaushik N - - 2005
An isolated left common carotid artery (LCA) is an extremely rare condition with only four reported cases. In each case, the isolated carotid artery connects to the right or left pulmonary artery via the ductus arteriosus and the embryologic basis for the abnormalities is believed to reflect an error in ...
Azakie Anthony - - 2005
OBJECTIVE: During repair of aortic coarctation through a left thoracotomy without cardiopulmonary bypass, clamping the proximal transverse aortic arch occludes antegrade flow to the left carotid and vertebral arteries. It is assumed that flow through the right carotid and vertebral arteries is adequate for cerebral perfusion. The study objective is ...
Umeda Yukio - - 2005
We studied the outcome of our modified aortic arch replacement procedure in which the distal end of the graft is anastomosed between the left common carotid artery and the left subclavian artery including the postoperative physical status of the left arm in comparison with the conventional technique. We assessed the ...
Bhatia Kartik - - 2005
Variations of the branches of the aortic arch are likely to occur as a result of the altered development of certain branchial arch arteries during the embryonic period of gestation. In the present investigation the pattern of branches of the aortic arch was studied in 81 cadavers from a recent ...
Gottardi Roman - - 2005
We report the case of a 78-year-old man who presented with an aortic arch aneurysm that involved the origin of the left carotid artery and extended up to the origin of the brachiocephalic trunk. The left vertebral artery originated separately from the arch. The patient was treated by a reversed ...
Byrd Noah A - - 2005
Several syndromes characterized by defects in cardiovascular and craniofacial development are associated with a hemizygous deletion of chromosome 22q11 in humans and involve defects in pharyngeal arch and neural crest cell development. Recent efforts have focused on identifying 22q11 deletion syndrome modifying loci. In this study, we show that mouse ...
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