Search Results
Results 351 - 400 of 2003
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ter Steege R W F - - 2012
Splanchnic artery stenosis is common and mostly asymptomatic and may lead to gastrointestinal ischemia (chronic splanchnic syndrome, CSS). This study was designed to assess risk factors for CSS in the medical history of patients with splanchnic artery stenosis and whether these risk factors can be used to identify patients with ...
Klar Ernst - - 2012
Acute mesenteric ischemia is still fatal in 50% to 70% of cases. This consensus paper was written with the participation of physicians from all of the involved specialties for the purpose of improving outcomes. Mesenteric ischemia must be recognized as a vascular emergency requiring rapid and efficient clinical evaluation and ...
De Castro Gerard P - - 2012
Chitosan is a functional biopolymer that has been widely used as a hemostat. Recently, its efficacy has been questioned due to clinical failures as a result of poor adhesiveness. The purpose of this study was to compare, in a severe groin injury model in swine, the hemostatic properties of an ...
Vanagt Ward Y - - 2012
An infant developed severe right heart failure early after truncal repair with a pulmonary homograft. A mechanical obstruction by narrowing could not be identified at the homograft or pulmonary arteries. However, functional obstruction was caused by an extreme windkessel effect in a massively dilated homograft that absorbed rather than transmitted ...
Okada Tatsuji - - 2012
Although the outcomes of aortic arch surgery have improved, stroke remains one of the most devastating complications. Therefore, identification of true risk factors and understanding the pathogenesis of intraoperative stroke are necessary to decrease its occurrence. From January 2002 to December 2010, a total of 251 consecutive patients underwent aortic ...
Fukui Shinya - - 2012
We report a new aortic arch occlusion technique with a balloon for distal aortic arch repair via left thoracotomy using an open proximal method. Distal aortic arch repair via left thoracotomy sometimes causes brain infarction and perioperative myocardial infarction. That is because air or debris enters into coronary arteries and ...
Sroka Mariusz - - 2012
The authors discuss an early hybrid cardiovascular intervention in a neonate with left-sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia and significant left heart hypoplasia. The operation included persistent ductus arteriosus stenting and right pulmonary artery calibrated banding (3.5 mm) to increase blood flow in the aorta and to decrease right ventricle overload and decrease ...
Gual-Capllonch Francisco - - 2012
Assessment of possible cardiac sources of cerebral embolism is a frequent indication for transesophageal echocardiography. We report the case of a patient with a previous left upper pulmonary lobe resection who presented with an ischemic stroke suggestive of cardioembolic origin. A dense spontaneous echo contrast was found in the left ...
Corvera Joel S - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The hybrid treatment of transverse aortic arch pathologies with supraaortic debranching and endovascular repair is associated with significant morbidity and death and lacks long-term follow-up. The traditional two-stage open surgical approach to extensive arch and descending thoracic aneurysms carries a significant interval mortality rate. We report the results of ...
Grover Frederick L - - 2012
Until the mid-1990s, coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG) was performed with the use of cardiopulmonary bypass with the induction of ischemic cardiac arrest (on-pump). This surgical approach provided excellent exposure in a bloodless field with an arrested heart, allowing for precise performance of coronary anastomoses.(1) However, there was concern about potentially ...
Saric Muhamed - - 2012
Aortic plaques are a manifestation of the general process of atherosclerosis in which there is a progressive accumulation of cholesterol and other lipids in the intimal-medial layer of the aorta with secondary inflammation, repetitive fibrous tissue deposition, and eventually luminal surface erosions and appearance of often mobile thrombi protruding into ...
Pavlidis Daphne - - 2012
Background. Interventional occlusion of the hypogastric artery (HA) can be used for endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) in the iliac arteries. Most frequent ischemic complication is buttock claudication (BC). Aim. To investigate the frequency and progression of BC after interventional occlusion of the HA prior to EVAR. Methods. A retrospective analysis ...
Ballehaninna U K - - 2012
Acute mesenteric ischemia is commonly treated by surgical exploration and open thrombectomy. Very few reports describe using newer, minimally invasive methods which utilize catheter-based mechanical and pharmacological thrombolysis. Herein, we report a case of acute superior mesenteric embolism successfully treated with AngioJet hydrodynamic mechanical thrombectomy and EKOS catheter pharmacological thrombolysis. ...
Allen Kiona Y - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Cameral coronary artery fistulae (C-CAFs) are common after heart transplantation (HTx) and typically drain into the right ventricle. The development of CAFs to non-cameral structures after HTx has not been systematically investigated. We studied the incidence, anatomic distribution, and natural history of non-cameral CAFs (NC-CAFs) in a multicenter pediatric ...
Shames Sofia - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The percutaneously implanted Edwards SAPIEN valve (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA) consists of cusps mounted within a stent. The individual impact of the stent and cusps on transvalvular flow and its implications for the echocardiographic assessment of valve function have not been previously reported. METHODS: The study group consisted of ...
Guo Jun - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: We used virtual histology intravascular ultrasound (VH-IVUS) to investigate plaque composition of chronic total occlusions (CTO). BACKGROUND: There is limited data on the composition of CTOs, especially in vivo. METHODS: VH-IVUS was performed in 50 CTO lesions (49 patients) after guidewire crossing or pre-dilation using a 1.5-2mm balloon. Plaque ...
Marino Daniela - - 2012
Background. Periodic lateralised epileptiform discharges (PLEDs) are EEG patterns consisting of periodic or pseudoperiodic unilateral, focal or hemispheric epileptiform discharges at a rate of 1-2 Hz. PLEDs may be triggered by acute brain injuries or systemic metabolic changes such as fever, hyperglycaemia or electrolyte imbalance and may result in disturbance of ...
Refaee Ehab El - - 2012
Occlusion of both foramina of Monro following third ventriculostomy is a very rare complication. The authors present the case of a 30-year-old female who underwent endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for occlusive hydrocephalus due to aqueductal stenosis. Thirty months after the ETV, she reported recurrent headaches. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated bilateral ...
Daly Brendan - - 2012
The role of endovascular therapy is expanding in the treatment of acute limb ischemia (ALI). In addition to catheter based thrombolysis, there are multiple devices which allow for clot disruption and aspiration. The Trellis catheter system provides mechanical agitation of thrombus coupled with chemical thrombolysis. We present two cases of ...
Chutinet A - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:The severity of white matter hyperintensity, or leukoaraiosis, is a marker of cerebrovascular disease. In stroke, WMH burden is strongly linked to lacunar infarction; however, impaired cerebral perfusion due to extracranial or intracranial atherosclerosis may also contribute to WMH burden. We sought to determine whether WMH burden is ...
Kret Marcus R - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The role of shunting and patching during carotid endarterectomy remains controversial. METHODS: This is a retrospective case series evaluating consecutive patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy with routine shunting and patching. The primary endpoints were perioperative stroke, arterial injury, and lesion recurrence by duplex. RESULTS: Of the 220 operations performed, 43% ...
Deshaies E M - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Cerebral vasospasm resistant to medical management frequently requires intra-arterial spasmolysis. Angiographic resolution of vasospasm does not provide physiologic data on the adequacy of reperfusion. We recorded pre- and postspasmolysis PbO(2) data in the endovascular suite to determine whether this physiologic parameter could be used to determine when successful ...
Hwang Jin-Ming - - 2012
To investigate the changes of cardiomyocyte inflammation and fibrosis factors in heart of carotid artery balloon injury inflammatory rat model. Using rat carotid artery balloon injury model to detect left ventricular characteristics at 2 h, 2 days and 14 days after surgery using hematoxylin-eosin (H&E) gross stain, Masson(') s trichome stain and Western ...
Lotun Kapildeo - - 2012
Symptomatic chronic mesenteric ischemia results from intestinal hypoperfusion and is classically thought to result from involvement of two or more mesenteric arteries. The celiac artery and superior mesenteric artery are most frequently implicated in this disease process, and their involvement usually results in symptoms of small intestinal ischemia. Symptomatic chronic ...
Arya Bhawna - - 2012
An anomalous chord from the left side of the atrial septum to the left atrial free wall was incidentally noted on transthoracic echocardiography in a 14-year-old boy with vasovagal syncope. Previously reported cases of anomalous chords in the left atrium were associated with the mitral valve leaflets in all but ...
Morel Audrey - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: It is unclear whether strokes in patients with spontaneous cervical artery dissection (CAD) are due to secondary thromboembolism or to a reduction in cerebral blood flow from the primary cervical lesion. The aim of this study was to identify the most likely mechanism of stroke using cervical ...
Ryoo S - - 2012
BACKGROUND:We evaluated the clinicoradiologic characteristics of patients with branch occlusive disease (BOD)-type intracranial atherosclerotic stroke (ICAS) compared with those of patients with non-BOD-type ICAS or with small artery disease (SAD). METHODS:We analyzed 201 consecutive patients with acute infarcts within the middle cerebral artery (MCA) distribution but no demonstrable carotid or ...
Hayes Denise - - 2012
We present a rare case of ventriculocoronary fistulae in a patient with d-transposition of the great arteries, hypoplastic left heart, and pulmonary atresia. To our knowledge, this is the first report of this anatomic variant, and raises an important discussion about the development and implications of such fistulous connections.
Lee Vivian - - 2012
Marantic, verrucous or nonbacterial thrombotic endocarditis, is characterised by the deposition of an amorphous mixture of fibrin and platelets onto heart valves. Although not commonly a cause of death in forensic practice, it may be associated with systemic embolisation. This was observed in a 60-year-old woman who suddenly collapsed and ...
Baspinar Osman - - 2012
A right pulmonary artery-to-left atrium connection is a very rare cyanotic congenital heart defect. Although it is generally treated with surgery, we describe the case of a 5-year-old girl whose connection was successfully closed the Amplatzer muscular ventricular septal defect occluder. The patient was asymptomatic at last follow-up.
Pluchinotta Francesca Romana - - 2012
This report presents two fetuses with three rare congenital heart defects: congenital ventricular aneurysm, arcade mitral valve, and unicommissural aortic valve. Because interaction between the endocardium and the myocardium is essential for development of the myocardium and heart valves, the authors hypothesized that these three defects could be related to ...
Grabe Hilary M - - 2012
ABSTRACT: A 20-year-old man developed right homonymous hemianopia, hemiparesis, and hemisensory loss from deep cerebral venous thrombosis in the setting of high altitude. Approximately 3 months later, brain MRI showed encephalomalacia of the left optic tract and lateral geniculate nucleus, as well as signal abnormalities of the internal capsule and ...
Kumar Rajesh - - 2012
Transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a well accepted and a relatively safe procedure, however certain rare and serious complications may occur during or after the procedure with profound morbidity and mortality. Only a few cases have been reported describing cerebral embolization during the procedure. We are reporting a case in which ...
Romagnoli Stefano - - 2012
Abstract  Ascending aorta and aortic arch replacement combined with antegrade stent grafting of the descending thoracic aorta represents an emerging hybrid surgical approach for complex and extensive thoracic aortic disease. We present a case of a patient at low risk for spinal cord ischemia who underwent hybrid thoracic aortic surgery ...
Kang Dong-Hun - - 2012
: No definite conclusive management has been established in the treatment of thromboembolism during coil embolization of cerebral aneurysms. To date, intravenous heparin, intra-arterial fibrinolytic agent, and intravenous or intra-arterial glycoprotein IIb-IIIa inhibitors have been the mainstay of treatment. However, in practice, 2 major concerns may arise; first, recanalization is ...
Giaquinta Alessia - - 2012
Arterial injuries in infants are rare and in most cases are of iatrogenic origin as a consequence of catheterization, venipuncture or arterial blood sampling. These lesions require an accurate, noninvasive clinical diagnosis and prompt exploration and reconstruction using microvascular techniques to restore perfusion and to avoid morbidity and even mortality. ...
Javed Usman - - 2012
A 59-year-old male underwent coronary artery bypass grafting and mitral ring annuloplasty 4 years ago. The procedure was complicated by sternal wound infection. Recently, he presented with multiple admissions for decompensated heart failure with volume overload and pulmonary edema. He was found to have severe mitral regurgitation (MR) and transesophageal ...
Desai Saral - - 2012
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection is a rare cause of death seen largely in young women, with many cases occurring in the early postpartum period. Nine cases with this condition were examined from our histopathology records comprising 6 women and 3 men with an age range of 26 to 47 years. ...
Inan Mustafa Bahadir - - 2012
We report the surgical repair of a true left ventricular aneurysm diagnosed 6 weeks after incomplete surgical revascularization.
Abandeh Foad I - - 2012
Abstract  Bartonella spp. are a known cause of culture-negative endocarditis. We report a 42-year-old male with underlying surgically corrected congenital heart disease who was diagnosed with Bartonella henselae endocarditis involving the right-ventricle-to-pulmonary-artery conduit. (J Card Surg 2012;**:1-4).
Girish M P - - 2012
Patients with large intracoronary thrombi represent a difficult management problem for the interventional cardiologist. Deep guide catheter engagement and thrombus aspiration have been described but are associated with serious risk of dissection and vessel closure. We describe here thrombus aspiration using a guide catheter with novel double wire technique to ...
Dumaswala Bhavin - - 2012
We present an adult with metastatic carcinoid disease affecting the heart, in whom live/real time three-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (3DTTE) provided incremental value over two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2DTTE). Initial 2DTTE was able to demonstrate severe pulmonic and tricuspid regurgitation, but was unable to visualize the posterior leaflet of the tricuspid valve ...
Sirin G - - 2012
34-year-old male with history of recurrent atrial fibrillation (AF) and mitral stenosis, status post radiofrequency ablation (RFA) and prosthetic mitral valve replacement two years earlier was admitted with prosthetic valve thrombosis for redo mitral valve surgery. During the surgery, a 2 x 1.5 x 1 cm mass was identified on ...
Ferreira Eduardo Carvalho - - 2012
OBJECTIVE: To describe our experience with repair of coarctation of the aorta in adults using left heart bypass. METHODS: From November 2007 to October 2009, eight adult patients with coarctation of the aorta underwent surgical repair under circulatory support using a left atrium to femoral artery bypass circuit, with graft ...
Dell'amore Andrea - - 2012
OBJECTIVE The number of older patients being referred for aortic valve replacement with or without combined coronary bypass grafting (CABG) is increasing. The aim of this study was to evaluate operative risk factors, early and long-term results of isolated aortic valve and aortic valve replacement combined with CABG in octogenarians ...
Simmons Jon D - - 2012
Injury to the carotid artery results in significant mortality and morbidity. The general consensus is to repair all injuries to the common and internal carotid arteries. Ligation is usually reserved for neurologic or hemodynamic instability. We report our experience at a Level I trauma center with vascular injuries to the ...
Szwast Anita - - 2012
Outcomes for hypoplastic left heart syndrome have improved substantially in the era of prenatal diagnosis. Current stage 1 survival rates are in excess of 90% in the absence of risk factors. However, fetuses with an intact atrial septum continue to have poor postnatal survival. Accurate diagnosis of these fetuses with ...
Tsai Y-F - - 2012
The upgraded third-generation software (version 3.02) for the FloTrac/Vigileo system has been developed to particularly improve the accuracy of cardiac output (CO) measurements in hyperdynamic conditions. The aim of our study was to compare the CO values obtained using the FloTrac/Vigileo system during orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) with those obtained ...
Senanayake Eshan - - 2012
Abstract  Objective: Antegrade cerebral perfusion (ACP) under moderate hypothermia may improve cerebral protection. Intraoperative measurement of cerebral regional oxygen saturations (rSO2) using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) can provide accurate monitoring of cerebral perfusion during ACP. We evaluated the role, outcomes, and advantages of using NIRS in providing effective cerebral protection with ...
Kokai H - - 2012
Isolated dissection of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) not associated with aortic dissection is rare, particularly after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT). We experienced a case of isolated dissection of the SMA after LDLT performed in a 56-year-old man diagnosed with hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma within the ...
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