Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2003
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Sugiura Tadahisa - - 2012
A 6-year-old girl with a diagnosis of aortic regurgitation with stenosis and mitral regurgitation because of short chordae was referred to us for surgery. Echocardiography revealed that the aortic and the mitral annular diameters were 16 and 23 mm, respectively. The Ross procedure and mitral valvuloplasty were scheduled. During the procedure, ...
Chou Chii-Wen - - 2012
A retrospective, single-centre, non-randomized study in the management of symptomatic middle cerebral artery (MCA) total occlusion disease to evaluate extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass as an intervention for patients with atherosclerotic MCA total occlusion, ischemic symptoms (transient ischemic attacks [TIAs]) or poor cerebral haemodynamics who had not responded well to maximal medical ...
Jung Seungwoo - - 2012
Aortopulmonary window is a rare congenital anomaly, resulting from incomplete septation of the truncus arteriosus into the aorta and the pulmonary artery during embryogenesis. The utility of three-dimensional (3D) echocardiogram has not been previously reported in dogs with aortopulmonary windows. The authors demonstrate the diagnostic potentials of 3D echocardiogram and ...
Bir Shyamal C - - 2012
Nitric oxide (NO) is a potential regulator of ischemic vascular remodeling, and as such therapies augmenting its bioavailability may be useful for the treatment of ischemic tissue diseases. Here we examine the effect of administering the NO prodrug sodium nitrite on arteriogenesis activity during established tissue ischemia. Chronic hindlimb ischemia ...
Jung F - - 2012
Radiographic contrast media (RCM) are widely used to visualize blood vessels. Their effects on blood vessels should be minimal so that the object of the measurement - the vessel lumen - is not influenced by the RCM molecules. However, all RCMs exhibit a more or less strong effect on endothelial ...
Ribeiro Sílvia - - 2012
A 50-year-old man with a history of drug addiction was admitted to the cardiology department for aortic valve fungal endocarditis complicated by severe aortic regurgitation, cerebral infarcts and right common iliac artery pseudoaneurysm. While awaiting transfer to the cardiothoracic surgery department, the patient presented acute arterial ischemia of the left ...
Onsea Kevin - - 2012
Aims: To report our first-in-man experience with a new cerebral embolic deflection device (SMT Embolic Deflection Device) during transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). A significant number of strokes and brain infarcts are caused by embolisation of atherosclerotic material, clots and other debris during various phases of invasive cardiac procedures, especially ...
Combaret Nicolas - - 2012
We report the case of a patient with severe malignant hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) and calcified stenosis of the proximal and middle left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery. We elected to treat his ischemic heart disease first. We performed angioplasty of the proximal and middle LAD, after rotative atherectomy, and ...
Santos Vera - - 2012
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology, which is the main cause of acquired heart disease in children in developed countries. The main complications result from the development of coronary aneurysms which can lead to ischemic heart disease. We present the case of a teenage boy with ...
Czesla Markus - - 2012
We report the case of a 73-year-old patient with severe ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR). She subsequently underwent combined coronary artery revascularization and mitral valve annuloplasty using the adjustable enCorSQ device (MiCardia Corporation, Irvine, CA). Three months later she experienced recurrent symptomatic severe MR. Accessing the subcutaneous lead, activation and downsizing ...
Nielsen Casper - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intestinal ischemia is difficult to diagnose, and search for new biomarkers has led to interest in Dlactate, which arises from bacterial fermentation in the gastrointestinal tract. METHODS: The superior mesenteric artery was clamped in eight pigs for six hours to induce ischemia of the intestine. Eight sham-operated pigs served ...
Manzano Jennifer Justice F - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Low ankle-brachial index (ABI), indicative of peripheral arterial disease (PAD), is a risk factor for stroke. ABI has been shown to be associated with cerebral arterial disease and prognosis following stroke. We studied the associations of the degree of ABI lowering with extracranial carotid disease (ECD), intracranial large artery ...
Buechner David - - 2012
Arterial large vessel vasculopathy is an unusual complication of bacterial meningitis in adults that may result in cerebral ischemia and severe neurological sequelae. Previous therapy has included antimicrobials with no specific vascular interventions. The authors report their experience with a patient with bacterial meningitis who developed a vasculopathy with neurological ...
Steenburg Scott D - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To review our institutional experience with cervical arterial injuries remote from the penetrating tract seen in the setting of craniofacial gunshot injuries. METHODS: Institutional Review Board approval was obtained. Our institutional trauma registry was queried over a 5-year period for patients with cervical arterial injuries due to penetrating craniofacial ...
Briganti Francesco - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: We report the experiences of 25 Italian centers, analyzing intra- and periprocedural complications of endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms using Silk (Balt Extrusion, Montmorency, France) and pipeline embolization devices (EV3 Inc, Irvine California). METHODS: Two hundred seventy-three patients with 295 cerebral aneurysms, enrolled in 25 centers in Italy and ...
Donato Paulo - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the correspondence between the coronary arterial anatomy and the supplied myocardium based on the proposed American Heart Association (AHA) 17-segment model. METHODS: Six human cadaveric hearts without signs of infarct were selectively injected with colored contrasted gelatin in the three major ...
Shiokawa Yuichi - - 2012
PURPOSE: Pulmonary valve replacement long after repair of tetralogy of Fallot can improve cardiac function, functional status, and arrhythmia propensity. This has not been reported in Japan. We aim to evaluate the effects of pulmonary valve replacement in repaired tetralogy of Fallot. METHODS: Nineteen patients underwent pulmonary valve replacement after ...
Kim Suh Min - - 2012
Percutaneous vertebroplasty is a widely used treatment for vertebral compression fracture. It is relatively safe, but it can be complicated by pulmonary or cerebral embolism caused by the cement injected during the procedure. Here, we present a case of a 69-year-old male with extensive deep vein thrombosis from the inferior ...
Fisher D - - 2012
Monosomy 21 is a rare chromosomal abnormality, with only nine cases reported in the literature. Affected infants display multiple dysmorphic features as well as skeletal, ocular, pulmonary, cardiac, renal, and genitourinary abnormalities. All monosomies are lethal except monosomy 21, but not all monosomy 21 fetuses survive to term. This report ...
Staier Klaus - - 2012
CONTEXT: With increasing prevalence of mitral regurgitation, even noncardiac anaesthesiologists will be confronted by this disorder and will need to be familiar with the extended haemodynamic monitoring required. The assessment of cardiac output (CO) measured by transpulmonary thermodilution (COTP) has become an accepted alternative to the CO measured by thermodilution ...
Staubach Stephan - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is an emerging technology in patients with severe aortic stenosis. BACKGROUND: Whether the degree of aortic valve calcification impacts the outcome after TAVI has not been thoroughly evaluated. METHODS: We analyzed data from the prospective multicenter German TAVI registry, including 1,365 patients as of ...
Jang Woosung - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) is performed to reduce right ventricular (RV) volume overload, resulting in improved ventricular function and clinical status. Significant pulmonary regurgitation (PR) after tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) repair could result in RV dysfunction, exercise intolerance, arrhythmia and sudden death. The present study was conducted to investigate ...
Kong Emily L M - - 2012
Delayed presentation of iliac artery injury by acetabular screw. Screw removal at liner revision of a 10-year-old uncemented acetabular shell resulted in unexpected catastrophic blood loss. Replacing the screw prevented further hemorrhage, and investigation revealed internal iliac artery injury caused by the screw. This was treated successfully by bypass grafting. ...
Kwon Michael H - - 2012
With an ever increasing population of patients with coronary artery disease complicated by chronic ischemic mitral regurgitation (IMR), the question of whether to perform mitral valve repair (MVRep) in addition to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is one of the most common and controversial clinical dilemmas faced by cardiac surgeons ...
Liu Min - - 2012
PURPOSE:: To explore the correlation between a septal angle measured on computed tomographic pulmonary angiography (CTPA) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) determined by right heart catheterization in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS:: Eighty-six patients with CTEPH (54 men, mean age: 53.08±12.43 y) were retrospectively reviewed, ...
Arevalo Alejandro R - - 2012
We describe the case of 7-day-old neonate with pulmonary atresia, intact ventricular septum, and severe tricuspid valve (TV) dysplasia who underwent a Starnes right ventricular exclusion procedure (RVEP). The patient had severe tricuspid stenosis and regurgitation and right ventricular dysfunction after perforation and balloon dilation of the pulmonary valve.
Miura Takashi - - 2012
A 73-year-old woman underwent both mitral and aortic valve replacements with porcine heart valve prostheses because of severe mitral regurgitation and severe aortic regurgitation. Ten months after surgery, maximal flow velocity of the aortic valve reached 4.6 m/sec and moderate mitral regurgitation was detected. Repeated mitral and aortic valve replacements ...
Bhat Tariq - - 2012
Transradial access for cardiac catheterization is now widely accepted among the invasive cardiology community as a safe and viable approach with a markedly reduced incidence of major access-related complications compared with the transfemoral approach. As this access technique is now being used more commonly for cardiac catheterization, it is of ...
Nietlispach Fabian - - 2012
This study sought to report on the pathology of transcatheter aortic valves explanted at early and late time points after transcatheter aortic valve implantation. Information on pathological findings following transcatheter aortic valve implantation is scarce, particularly late after transcatheter aortic valve implantation. This study included 20 patients (13 men, median ...
Shigeta T - - 2012
The aims of this study were to compare extracellular and intracellular-type University of Wisconsin (UW) solutions for liver grafts and to assess oxygenation in this perfusion system. The organ preservation system consisted of 3 circulating systems for the portal vein, hepatic artery, and maintenance of the perfusion solution. The portal ...
Bulder Marcel M M - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Unilateral intracranial focal nonprogressive arteriopathy is often found in children with arterial ischemic stroke. We aimed to investigate the course of unilateral intracranial arteriopathy in young adults. METHODS: We searched the Utrecht Stroke Database for patients between 16 and 50 years of age diagnosed with anterior circulation ...
Kim Tae Jin - - 2012
The "intracerebral steal phenomenon (ISP)" is a paradoxical vasodilatory response that reduces the cerebral blood flow to the impaired perfusion area. This phenomenon has been mainly reported in patients with moyamoya vessels with hyperventilation and with the administration of specific drugs such as acetazolamide. We report a case with contralateral ...
Moon Yeonsil - - 2012
Ischemic stroke attributable to intracranial dissection is a rare condition. We present a case of intravenous thrombolysis therapy in a patient with acute ischemic stroke after a dissection of the middle cerebral artery. Safety and outcome of intravenous thrombolysis therapy was favorable and the dissection regressed over 3 months with ...
Shalom Fred - - 2012
The collateral perfusion via the hypertrophied internal thoracic arteries and rich anastomosis between the epigastric arteries reconstituting femoral artery are an important route in patients with peripheral vascular disease (chronic aortoiliac occlusion), providing blood flow to the lower extremities. Selective angiography of the internal thoracic artery plays a major role ...
Wei J - - 2012
It is extremely rare for a patient to need simultaneous heart transplantation (HTx) and replacement of the thoracic aorta. A 23-year-old woman with Marfan's syndrome underwent Bentall's operation and replacement of the ascending aorta (AsA) due to a type A aortic dissection (AD) in August 2001. In March 2005, she ...
Dababneh Haitham - - 2012
Object Approximately 25% of patients with middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion will have a concomitant internal carotid artery (ICA) occlusion, and 50% of patients with an ICA occlusion will have a proximal MCA occlusion. Cervical ICA occlusion with MCA embolic occlusion is associated with a low rate of recanalization and ...
Weeks David M - - 2012
To determine the quantitative effects of Z-plasty vs spreader grafts on nasal valve surface area. Eight fresh cadaver heads were used that provided 16 total nasal valve procedures. Surgical sides were randomized, and Z-plasty was performed on 8 valves and endonasal spreader grafts were performed on 8 valves. The minimal ...
Splinter Karen L - - 2012
Herein is described the development of an inferior epigastric pseudoaneurysm caused by a trocar injury during laparoscopic surgery. After the accessory trocar was placed in the left lower quadrant, the patient's condition became clinically unstable, requiring blood transfusions postoperatively and transfer to our tertiary care center. On arrival, she continued ...
Park Sung Yong - - 2012
During beating heart surgery, the accuracy of cardiac output (CO) measurement techniques may be influenced by several factors. This study was conducted to analyze the clinical agreement among stat CO mode (SCO), continuous CO mode (CCO), arterial pressure waveform-based CO estimation (APCO), and transesophageal Doppler ultrasound technique (UCCO) according to ...
Jang Mi Ok - - 2012
Traumatic thoracic aortic injury is typically fatal. However, recent improvements in pre-hospital care and diagnostic modalities have resulted in an increased number of patients with traumatic aortic injury arriving alive at the hospital. Also, the morbidity and mortality associated with endovascular repair are significantly lower than with conventional open surgery ...
Sivakumar Kothandam - - 2012
Introduction.  Ductal stent (DS) in duct-dependent pulmonary circulation is less morbid than neonatal Blalock-Taussig shunt. However, there is concern if DS provides an adequately long palliation before definitive repair. Methods.  This is a retrospective review of clinical follow-up of all consecutive infants after successful DS performed by a single operator. ...
Lee Seung Hyun - - 2012
The aim of the present study was to investigate the midterm patency of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery according to the grafting design and intraoperative flow characteristics. Between March 2007 and July 2008, 218 beating heart CABG patients were prospectively divided into two groups according to the non-left internal ...
Wood Garrett W - - 2012
BackgroundClinical studies increasingly report brain injury and not pulmonary injury following blast exposures, despite the increased frequency of exposure to explosive devices. The goal of this study was to determine the effect of personal body armour use on the potential for primary blast injury and to determine the risk of ...
Eesa Muneer - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: Timely recanalization during endovascular procedures for acute ischemic stroke can be challenging in cases with large clot burden, such as those encountered in the terminal internal carotid T- or L-type occlusion. METHODS: A novel but simple technique to achieve fast reduction in clot burden in stroke patients with occlusion ...
Iida Yasunori - - 2012
When operating on patients with type B aortic dissection, the preoperative hemodynamics and malperfusion of visceral organs should be considered. We report a 70-year-old man with dissecting distal arch aneurysm following type B aortic dissection, whose celiac artery arose from a false lumen and who was successfully treated with total ...
Inoue Takashi - - 2012
Object In this paper, the authors' goals were to clarify the characteristics of growing unruptured cerebral aneurysms detected by serial MR angiography and to establish the recommended follow-up interval. Methods A total of 1002 patients with 1325 unruptured cerebral aneurysms were retrospectively identified. These patients had undergone follow-up evaluation at ...
Rendal-Vázquez Maria Esther - - 2012
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to analyze the mechanism of deterioration of implanted arteries. METHODS: Eleven patients were included. Samples of vascular segments obtained from multiorgan donors and samples of the same vascular segments after explantation in the recipient were analyzed. Blood group, time of cold and warm ...
Kalcioglu Mahmut Tayyar - - 2012
ABSTRACT: A 31-year-old male patient with a fatal thrombosis of the internal carotid artery caused by gun shot injury was presented in this case report. The patient was referred to the hospital with a diffuse edema on his left cheek. On otolaryngologic examination, there was a bullet entrance hole at ...
Kim Kyung Yun - - 2012
The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the short- to mid-term results of thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) in Wonkwang University School of Medicine & Hospital. Between February 2009 and May 2011, 8 consecutive patients had undergone endovascular stent-grafting for thoracic aortic diseases. Five patients were treated for ...
Bondanza Sara S Department of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery, Gaslini Insitute, Largo G. Gaslini 5, Genoa, Italy. - - 2013
Pulmonary atresia and intact ventricular septum is a complex congenital heart disease with great morphological variability. Approximately two-thirds of patients may be suitable for transcatheter pulmonary valvotomy. We reviewed our experience in the use of two different percutaneous approaches to evaluate the impact on fluoroscopy time and morbidity of a ...
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