Search Results
Results 251 - 300 of 2037
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Song Li Po - - 2012
The purpose of this study is to report the results of axillo-axillary bypass (AAB) for coronary subclavian steal syndrome due to proximal subclavian artery occlusion. From 2003 to 2010, AAB using a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) graft was performed in 11 patients with coronary subclavian steal syndrome. There was no perioperative mortality, ...
Houston Emma L - - 2012
Iliac vessel disruption following blunt trauma is an unusual presentation, particularly in the absence of an orthopaedic injury. We present the unique case of a 14-year-old boy who sustained a blunt bicycle handlebar impalement that resulted in complete transection of the external iliac artery and laceration of the external iliac ...
Giossi Alessia - - 2012
Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is an adverse effect of heparin therapy which can be responsible for thrombotic events with embolic consequences. Although ischemic stroke is a well known consequence of HIT, few cases of cerebral ischemia of arterial origin have been reported so far. A 38-year-old man was admitted because of ...
Gruner Christiane - - 2012
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess whether transient atrial septal defect (ASD) occlusion and, if required, vasodilator therapy would improve the safety of percutaneous ASD closure in high-risk subsets. Background: While percutaneous ASD closure is generally considered a low risk intervention, hypertensive and elderly patients may develop ...
Ssi-Yan-Kai G - - 2012
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:Patterns of DWI findings that predict recurrent ischemic events after TIA are well-established, but similar assessments of intracranial MRA findings are not available. We sought to determine the imaging characteristics of MRA that are predictive of early recurrent stroke/TIA in patients with TIA.MATERIALS AND METHODS:We performed a retrospective ...
Thekkudan Joyce - - 2012
Blunt trauma to the chest is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The latter is usually due to an aortic transection, whereas the former is related to myocardial contusion, cardiac valve injury, coronary artery disruption and intracardiac shunts due to the formation of septal defects. The main mechanisms causing these ...
Shao Pengfei - - 2012
Minimizing warm ischemic (WI) injury is one technical focus of partial nephrectomy (PN). Inducing regional ischemia in the tumor area by clamping segmental renal arteries has become an alternative method to decrease WI injury. To study the technical feasibility of precise segmental artery clamping under the guidance of dual-source computed ...
Neville Richard F - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Expanded polytetrafluoroethylene (ePTFE) bonded with heparin (HePTFE) has been reported to perform equivalent to saphenous vein graft (SVG) for below knee bypass. This series examines outcomes for tibial artery bypass using HePTFE and SVG over a contemporaneous time period. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data was conducted ...
Lacalzada Juan - - 2012
Purpose: To determine whether echocardiographic calcium index (ECI) calculated using transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) predicts coronary ischemic events. We also wished to determine coronary artery calcium score (CACS), the presence of obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD) and plaque composition, all of which were assessed by multidetector computed tomography (MDCT). Methods: We ...
Linde Torsten - - 2012
Mechanical heart valve prostheses are known to activate coagulation and cause hemolysis. Both are particularly dependent on the leaflet dynamics, which in turn depends on the flow field in the aortic root influenced by the aortic root geometry and its compliance. Compliance reduction of large vessels occurs in aging patients, ...
Rajakaruna Chanaka - - 2012
A minimal extracorporeal circuit has been shown to decrease the transfusion rate, cardiac and neurological damage in coronary surgery. We describe in detail a technique for minimal-access aortic valve replacement using a minimal extra-corporeal circuit, and provide surgical and perfusion tips to maintain antegrade perfusion and a clear surgical field.
Yu Guo-Sheng - - 2012
Artery of Percheron (AOP) is small perforating arteries supplying paramedian thalamus and mid-brain. The incidence of infarction is rare. We presented a 62-year-old man found conscious drowsy for 4 days. MRI revealed bilateral thalamic and midbrain infarction due to AOP occlusion.
Martinovic I - - 2012
Conventional grafting for left main coronary artery (LMCA) stenosis provides a retrograde perfusion to extensive myocardial area, leads prospectively to totally occlusion of the LMCA and to competitive flow of the non-occluded coronaries thus consuming the grafts. Surgical reconstruction of the LMCA with patch-angioplasty is an alternative method that eliminates ...
Bouvier Damien - - 2012
It is important for physicians in intensive care units to be able to predict the presence and severity of central nervous system injury in patients with severe head injury (SHI). The extent of S100B elevation has been found to be useful in predicting clinical outcome after brain injury. However, only ...
Kennedy Jamie L W - - 2012
Paravalvular leaks following valve replacement can result in heart failure and hemolysis. Surgical intervention is the treatment of choice, but it carries substantial risk of morbidity and mortality. Percutaneous techniques using devices designed for congenital heart disease are increasingly applied to the treatment of paravalvular leaks. We present the case ...
Morales Maria Elizabeth - - 2012
Abstract : Akodonema luzsarmientae n.g., n.sp. (Nemata: Metastrongyloidea) is described from the pulmonary arteries and heart from several individuals of "soft grass mouse," Akodon mollis (Rodentia: Cricetidae), collected in the region of Ancash, Peru. The new genus and species is distinguished by a reduction of the dorsal ray to 2 ...
Cosgrove Marianne S - - 2012
Adult congenital heart disease, previously considered a rare comorbidity, is increasingly becoming a reality for today's anesthesia providers. Improvements in prenatal diagnosis, sophisticated surgical techniques and equipment, advances in pediatric critical care, enhanced efficacy of cardiovascular pharmacologic agents, and an overall increase in postrepair survival rates have resulted in an ...
Gonzalez L Fernando - - 2012
Intracranial injury secondary to orbital surgery is a rare event. We report a case of intracranial arterial avulsion secondary to exenteration which resulted in intracranial hemorrhage and neurologic injury.
Mo Ansheng - - 2012
Background: The primary aims of minimally-invasive cardiac valve surgery are to lessen the impact of the incision, extracorporeal circulation, myocardial ischemia, and pulmonary ischemia, to obtain satisfactory therapeutic results, and to allow a quicker rehabilitation. In this study, the feasibility of minimally-invasive mitral valve replacements without ascending aorta and vena ...
Kominami S - - 2012
Meningiomas are often embolized before their surgical resection to reduce blood loss during surgery. Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) particles have been the most frequently used material for embolization of meningiomas. We have used n-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) as the first-choice material since 2001. Thirty-one meningiomas were embolized with NBCA. We report the ...
Yamanaka K - - 2012
Penetrating venous injuries via Zone III of the neck extended over jugular bulb are rare. The optimal strategies for these venous injuries are currently unknown because many of the vital structures in this region are poorly accessible to the surgeon and therefore it is difficult to control bleeding. A 76-year-old ...
Liebeskind David S - - 2012
Collateral circulation and associated potential compensation in downstream perfusion have been recognized long before arterial occlusions were known to cause ischemic stroke. Arterial aspects and the venous capacity of collaterals to offset potentially devastating effects of blocking a cerebral artery have been studied in various animal species and even human ...
Minion David D Department of Surgery, University of Kentucky Medical Center, Lexington, - - 2012
Parallel endografts (also known as snorkels or chimneys) are a proposed strategy for increasing the applicability of endovascular repair to aneurysms involving branch vessels. One major disadvantage of this strategy is the imperfect nature of seal inherent to having multiple side-by-side endografts. In this article, the use of odd-shaped parallel ...
Matsumoto Yorihiko - - 2012
A foetus was prenatally diagnosed with a gigantic (12 mm) coronary artery fistula (CAF) from the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery to right ventricular apex at 38 weeks of gestation. LAD was dilated to 10 mm with partial aneurysmal changes. Because of concern for sudden ischaemic cardiogenic shock soon ...
Nikas Dimitrios D Department of Cardiology, Ioannina Public Hospital, Ioannina, Greece. - - 2012
Embolic protection devices (EPDs) are used to provide protection against brain embolization during carotid artery stenting (CAS) to treat carotid artery stenosis, but the optimal type of EPD has not been determined. Distally positioned filters are commonly used but do not provide protection during crossing of the lesion. This prospective, ...
Palombo G - - 2012
AIM: Transfemoral carotid artery stenting (CAS) with endovascular proximal flow blockage is deemed able to reduce the cerebral embolization observed during filter-protected CAS. We evaluated clinical outcome and intraoperative embolization rates, measured by diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) and transcranial Doppler monitoring, in a series of patients undergoing CAS with ...
White L Y - - 2012
A 64-year-old male who had previously undergone an aortic valve replacement and replacement of the ascending aorta presented with an 8 cm descending aortic aneurysm. A left thoracotomy was required to allow replacement of the aorta. However, due to longitudinal as well as transverse expansion, visualisation of the aortic arch ...
Uchimuro Tomoya - - 2012
Myocardial ischemia caused by coronary arterial compression by an aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva is a particularly unusual complication. We describe a patient with aortic prosthetic valve endocarditis complicated with an aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva. An 82-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with a high fever ...
Hamamoto Masaki - - 2012
Anomalous origin of the left coronary artery (LCA) from the right sinus of Valsalva (RSOV) is an uncommon but clinically important feature. A 75-year-old man with progressive nocturnal dyspnea was diagnosed with severe aortic valve stenosis and moderate regurgitation. Preoperative computed tomographic scan revealed that the LCA originated from the ...
Liang Xinling - - 2012
Recovery from acute kidney injury (AKI) is related to long-term prognosis. This study, involving 56 patients with AKI and 56 controls from a prospective cohort undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), investigated the prognostic performance of serum levels of advanced oxidation protein products (AOPPs) for predicting non-recovered AKI and non-completely ...
Minko P - - 2012
Purpose: To establish a standardized scoring system for angiographic findings in patients with non-occlusive mesenteric ischemia (NOMI). Materials and Methods: In 36 patients (mean age: 72 years), 53 angiographies of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) were performed for suspected NOMI after cardiac or major aortic surgery. All examinations were performed ...
Machaalany Jimmy - - 2012
We present the case of a patient with dilated ischemic cardiomyopathy and severe mitral regurgitation. Due to several comorbidities, he underwent percutaneous transvenous mitral annuloplasty. Postoperatively, he complained of atypical chest pain. He was treated for pericarditis and died suddenly 10 days after the procedure. Autopsy showed distal perforation of ...
Jung F - - 2012
Radiographic contrast media (RCM) are widely used to visualize blood vessels. Their effects on blood vessels should be minimal so that the object of the measurement - the vessel lumen - is not influenced by the RCM molecules. However, all RCMs exhibit a more or less strong effect on endothelial ...
Sugiura Tadahisa - - 2012
A 6-year-old girl with a diagnosis of aortic regurgitation with stenosis and mitral regurgitation because of short chordae was referred to us for surgery. Echocardiography revealed that the aortic and the mitral annular diameters were 16 and 23 mm, respectively. The Ross procedure and mitral valvuloplasty were scheduled. During the procedure, ...
Chou Chii-Wen - - 2012
A retrospective, single-centre, non-randomized study in the management of symptomatic middle cerebral artery (MCA) total occlusion disease to evaluate extracranial-intracranial (EC-IC) bypass as an intervention for patients with atherosclerotic MCA total occlusion, ischemic symptoms (transient ischemic attacks [TIAs]) or poor cerebral haemodynamics who had not responded well to maximal medical ...
Jung Seungwoo - - 2012
Aortopulmonary window is a rare congenital anomaly, resulting from incomplete septation of the truncus arteriosus into the aorta and the pulmonary artery during embryogenesis. The utility of three-dimensional (3D) echocardiogram has not been previously reported in dogs with aortopulmonary windows. The authors demonstrate the diagnostic potentials of 3D echocardiogram and ...
Bir Shyamal C - - 2012
Nitric oxide (NO) is a potential regulator of ischemic vascular remodeling, and as such therapies augmenting its bioavailability may be useful for the treatment of ischemic tissue diseases. Here we examine the effect of administering the NO prodrug sodium nitrite on arteriogenesis activity during established tissue ischemia. Chronic hindlimb ischemia ...
Jung F - - 2012
Radiographic contrast media (RCM) are widely used to visualize blood vessels. Their effects on blood vessels should be minimal so that the object of the measurement - the vessel lumen - is not influenced by the RCM molecules. However, all RCMs exhibit a more or less strong effect on endothelial ...
Ribeiro Sílvia - - 2012
A 50-year-old man with a history of drug addiction was admitted to the cardiology department for aortic valve fungal endocarditis complicated by severe aortic regurgitation, cerebral infarcts and right common iliac artery pseudoaneurysm. While awaiting transfer to the cardiothoracic surgery department, the patient presented acute arterial ischemia of the left ...
Onsea Kevin - - 2012
Aims: To report our first-in-man experience with a new cerebral embolic deflection device (SMT Embolic Deflection Device) during transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). A significant number of strokes and brain infarcts are caused by embolisation of atherosclerotic material, clots and other debris during various phases of invasive cardiac procedures, especially ...
Combaret Nicolas - - 2012
We report the case of a patient with severe malignant hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) and calcified stenosis of the proximal and middle left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery. We elected to treat his ischemic heart disease first. We performed angioplasty of the proximal and middle LAD, after rotative atherectomy, and ...
Santos Vera - - 2012
Kawasaki disease (KD) is a systemic vasculitis of unknown etiology, which is the main cause of acquired heart disease in children in developed countries. The main complications result from the development of coronary aneurysms which can lead to ischemic heart disease. We present the case of a teenage boy with ...
Czesla Markus - - 2012
We report the case of a 73-year-old patient with severe ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR). She subsequently underwent combined coronary artery revascularization and mitral valve annuloplasty using the adjustable enCorSQ device (MiCardia Corporation, Irvine, CA). Three months later she experienced recurrent symptomatic severe MR. Accessing the subcutaneous lead, activation and downsizing ...
Nielsen Casper - - 2012
BACKGROUND: Intestinal ischemia is difficult to diagnose, and search for new biomarkers has led to interest in Dlactate, which arises from bacterial fermentation in the gastrointestinal tract. METHODS: The superior mesenteric artery was clamped in eight pigs for six hours to induce ischemia of the intestine. Eight sham-operated pigs served ...
Manzano Jennifer Justice F - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: Low ankle-brachial index (ABI), indicative of peripheral arterial disease (PAD), is a risk factor for stroke. ABI has been shown to be associated with cerebral arterial disease and prognosis following stroke. We studied the associations of the degree of ABI lowering with extracranial carotid disease (ECD), intracranial large artery ...
Buechner David - - 2012
Arterial large vessel vasculopathy is an unusual complication of bacterial meningitis in adults that may result in cerebral ischemia and severe neurological sequelae. Previous therapy has included antimicrobials with no specific vascular interventions. The authors report their experience with a patient with bacterial meningitis who developed a vasculopathy with neurological ...
Steenburg Scott D - - 2012
OBJECTIVES: To review our institutional experience with cervical arterial injuries remote from the penetrating tract seen in the setting of craniofacial gunshot injuries. METHODS: Institutional Review Board approval was obtained. Our institutional trauma registry was queried over a 5-year period for patients with cervical arterial injuries due to penetrating craniofacial ...
Briganti Francesco - - 2012
INTRODUCTION: We report the experiences of 25 Italian centers, analyzing intra- and periprocedural complications of endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms using Silk (Balt Extrusion, Montmorency, France) and pipeline embolization devices (EV3 Inc, Irvine California). METHODS: Two hundred seventy-three patients with 295 cerebral aneurysms, enrolled in 25 centers in Italy and ...
Donato Paulo - - 2012
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate the correspondence between the coronary arterial anatomy and the supplied myocardium based on the proposed American Heart Association (AHA) 17-segment model. METHODS: Six human cadaveric hearts without signs of infarct were selectively injected with colored contrasted gelatin in the three major ...
Shiokawa Yuichi - - 2012
PURPOSE: Pulmonary valve replacement long after repair of tetralogy of Fallot can improve cardiac function, functional status, and arrhythmia propensity. This has not been reported in Japan. We aim to evaluate the effects of pulmonary valve replacement in repaired tetralogy of Fallot. METHODS: Nineteen patients underwent pulmonary valve replacement after ...
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